You are on page 1of 4

Thursday 02 April 2015 01:30 PM

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Prime_Minister...

List of Prime Ministers of India


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Prime Minister of India is the chief executive of the Government of India. In India's
parliamentary system, the Constitution names the President as head of state de jure, but
his de facto executive powers are vested in the Prime Minister and his Council of
Ministers. Appointed and sworn-in by the President, the Prime Minister is usually the
leader of the party or alliance that has a majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of
India's Parliament.
Since 1947, India has had fifteen prime ministers, including Gulzarilal Nanda who twice
acted in the role. The first was Jawaharlal Nehru of the Indian National Congress party,
who was sworn-in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British.
Serving until his death in May 1964, Nehru remains India's longest-serving prime minister.
He was succeeded by fellow Congressman Lal Bahadur Shastri, whose 19-month term also
ended in death. Indira Gandhi, Nehru's daughter, succeeded Shastri in 1966 to become the
country's first woman premier. Over eleven years later, she was voted out of power in
favour of the Janata Party, whose leader Morarji Desai became the first non-Congress
prime minister. After he resigned in 1979, his former deputy Charan Singh briefly held
office until Indira Gandhi was voted back in six months later. Indira Gandhi's second stint
as Prime Minister ended five years later on the morning of 31 October 1984, when she was
gunned down by her own bodyguards. That evening, her son Rajiv Gandhi was sworn-in
as India's youngest premier, and the third from his family.

Narendra Modi is the current


(14th) Prime Minister of India,
since 26 May 2014.

Rajiv's five-year term ended with his former cabinet colleague, V. P. Singh of the Janata Dal, forming the year-long National
Front coalition government in 1989. A six-month interlude under Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar followed, after which
the Congress party returned to power, forming the government under P. V. Narasimha Rao in June 1991. Rao's five-year
term was succeeded by four short-lived governmentsthe Bharatiya Janata Party's Atal Bihari Vajpayee for 13 days in 1996,
a year each under United Front prime ministers H. D. Deve Gowda and I. K. Gujral, and Vajpayee again for 19 months in
199899. After Vajpayee was sworn-in for the third time, in 1999, he managed to lead his National Democratic Alliance
(NDA) government to a full five-year term, the first non-Congressman to do so. Vajpayee was succeeded by Congressman
Manmohan Singh, the first Sikh premier, whose United Progressive Alliance government was in office for 10 years between
2004 and 2014.
The incumbent Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi who has headed the BJP-led NDA government since 26 May 2014.

Contents
1 Key
2 Prime Ministers
3 See also
4 References

Key
Colour key for party of the prime minister
Bharatiya Janata Party
Indian National Congress
designated Indian National Congress (I) 19771996[1]

Janata Dal
Janata Party
Janata Party (Secular)
Samajwadi Janata Party

Prime Ministers

Other key
: Incumbent number

Assassinated or died in office

Returned to office after a previous term

RES
NC

Resigned

Resigned following a no-confidence motion

Thursday 02 April 2015 01:30 PM

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Prime_Minister...

Name

(birth
death);
constituency

Jawaharlal
Nehru
1

(18891964)
MP for
Phulpur

Gulzarilal
Nanda
-

(18981999)
MP for
Sabarkantha

Lal Bahadur
Shastri
2

(190466)
MP for
Allahabad

Gulzarilal
Nanda
-

(18981999)
MP for
Sabarkantha

Indira
Gandhi
3

(191784)
MP for Rae
Bareli

Morarji
Desai
(18961995)
MP for Surat

Charan
Singh
5

(190287)
MP for
Baghpat

Portrait

Party

Term of office[2]

(Alliance)

Indian
National
Congress

Indian
National
Congress

Indian
National
Congress

15 August

27 May

1947

1964[]

27 May

9 June

1964

1964

9 June

11 January

1964

1966[]

Council
of
(Lok Sabha)
Ministers
Elections

Nehru I

1952 (1st)

Nehru II

1957 (2nd)

Nehru III

1962 (3rd)

Nehru IV

13 days

(3rd)

(acting)

1 year,
216 days

(3rd)

Shastri

16 years,
286 days

Appointed by

Lord
Mountbatten

Rajendra
Prasad

Sarvepalli
Radhakrishnan

Indian
National
Congress

11
January

1966

24 January

1966

13 days

(3rd)

(acting)

(3rd)
Indian
National
Congress

Janata
Party

Janata
Party
(Secular)

24
January

1966

24 March

1977

24 March

28 July

1977

1979[RES]

28 July

14 January

1979

1980[RES]

11 years,
59 days

I. Gandhi I

1967 (4th)
1971 (5th)

I. Gandhi II

V. V. Giri

2 years,
126 days

1977 (6th)

Desai

B. D. Jatti

170 days

(6th)

C. Singh

with INC

Neelam
Sanjiva Reddy
(3)

Indira
Gandhi
(191784)
MP for Medak

Indian
National
Congress
(I)

14
January

1980[]

31 October

1984[]

4 years,
291 days

1980 (7th)

I. Gandhi
III

Thursday 02 April 2015 01:30 PM

Rajiv
Gandhi
(194491)
MP for Amethi

V. P. Singh
7

(19312008)
MP for
Fatehpur

Chandra
Shekhar
(19272007)
MP for Ballia

P. V.
Narasimha
Rao
(19212004)
MP for
Nandyal

Atal Bihari
Vajpayee
10

(born 1924)
MP for
Lucknow

H. D. Deve
Gowda
11

(born 1933)
MP (Rajya
Sabha) for
Karnataka

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Prime_Minister...

Indian
National
Congress
(I)

Janata Dal
(National
Front)

31
October

1984

(7th)
2 December

1989

R. Gandhi

Zail Singh

1984 (8th)

2
December

10
November

1989

1990[NC]

Samajwadi
10
Janata
November
Party
1990

5 years,
32 days

21 June

1991

343 days

1989 (9th)

V. P. Singh

223 days

(9th)

Chandra
Shekhar

4 years,
330 days

1991
(10th)

Rao

13 days

1996
(11th)

Vajpayee I

324 days

(11th)

Deve
Gowda

332 days

(11th)

Gujral

1998
(12th)

Vajpayee II

1999
(13th)

Vajpayee III

2004
(14th)

M. Singh I

A. P. J. Abdul
Kalam

2009
(15th)

M. Singh II

Pratibha Patil

R.
Venkataraman

with INC

Indian
National
Congress
(I)

Bharatiya
Janata
Party

Janata Dal
(United
Front)

21 June

16 May

1991

1996

16 May

1 June

1996

1996[RES]

1 June

21 April

1996

1997[RES]

21 April

19 March

1997

1998

Shankar Dayal
Sharma

I. K. Gujral
12

(19192012)
MP (Rajya
Sabha) for
Bihar

Atal Bihari
Vajpayee
(10)

(born 1924)
MP for
Lucknow

Manmohan
Singh
13

(born 1932)
MP (Rajya
Sabha) for
Assam

Janata Dal
(United
Front)

Bharatiya
Janata
Party

19 March

22 May

1998[]

2004

6 years,
64 days

(NDA)

Indian
National
Congress
(UPA)

22 May

26 May

2004

2014

10 years,
4 days

K. R.
Narayanan

Thursday 02 April 2015 01:30 PM

Narendra
Modi
14

(born 1950)
MP for
Varanasi

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Prime_Minister...

Bharatiya
Janata
Party

26 May

2014[3]

Incumbent

0 years,
309 days

2014
(16th)

Modi

Pranab
Mukherjee

(NDA)

See also
Prime Minister's Office
List of Prime Ministers of India by longevity

References
1. ^ "Indian National Congress" (http://www.britannica.com

3. ^ "Narendra Modi appointed Prime Minister, swearing in on

/EBchecked/topic/285841/Indian-National-Congress/232140

May 26" (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Home/Lok-

/Postindependence-from-dominance-to-decline).

Sabha-Elections-2014/News/Narendra-Modi-appointed-Prime-

Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 21 May 2014.

Minister-swearing-in-on-May-26/articleshow/35388297.cms).

2. ^ "Former Prime Ministers" (http://pmindia.gov.in/en/former-

The Times of India. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015.

prime-ministers/). PM India. Retrieved 2 January 2015.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Prime_Ministers_of_India&oldid=654393904"


Categories: Prime Ministers of India Lists of prime ministers Lists of political office-holders in India
This page was last modified on 31 March 2015, at 20:36.
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using
this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia
Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.