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A three-point field goal (also known as a three-pointer, three, trey, or shot

from downtown) is a field goal in a basketball game made from beyond the threepoint line, a designated arc surrounding the basket. A successful attempt is worth
three points, in contrast to the two points awarded for shots made within the threepoint line. In the National Basketball Association (NBA), the 3-point line is 22 ft.
(approximately 6.706 m) away from the basket in the corners of the court. This
distance naturally increases along a 14 ft. (approx. 4.267 m) straight line that is 3 ft.
(approx. 0.914 m) away from the sidelines. At the 14 ft. mark, the 3-point line
becomes an arc 23 ft. 9 in. (approx. 7.239 m) away from the basket and remains so
until the arc reaches the straight line on the other side of the court 14 ft. from the
baseline. In international FIBA & WNBA play, the three-point line is 22 ft. 1.75 in.
(6.75 m) away from the basket on the arc and 21 ft. 8 in (6.6 m) at its corners. In
both men's and women's National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA)
basketball, the three-point line is an arc 20 ft. 9 in. (approx. 6.325 m) away from the
basket that, unlike professional leagues, does not change as it gets closer to the

three-point rule was first tested at the collegiate level in a 1945 NCAA game between Columbia
and Fordham but it would not be adopted on a permanent basis until much later. At the direction
of Abe Saperstein, the American Basketball League did so in 1961, becoming the first basketball
league to adopt the rule. Its three-point lines were each a radius of 25 feet (7.62 meters) from the
baskets, except along the sides.[1] The Eastern Professional Basketball League followed in its
196364 season.
The three-point shot later became popularized by the American Basketball Association after its
introduction in the 196768 season. Then commissioner of the ABA George Mikan stated the
three-pointer "would give the smaller player a chance to score and open up the defense to make
the game more enjoyable for the fans."[2] During the 1970s, the ABA used the three-point shot,
along with the slam dunk, as a marketing tool to compete with the National Basketball
Association (NBA).
In the 197980 season, the NBA adopted the three-point shot despite the view of many that it
was a gimmick.[3] Chris Ford of the Boston Celtics is widely credited with making the first threepoint shot in NBA history on October 12, 1979. Kevin Grevey of the Washington Bullets also
made one on the same day.
The sport's international governing body, FIBA, introduced the three-point line in 1984, at a
distance of 6.25 m (20.5 ft).
The NCAA's Southern Conference became the first collegiate conference to use the three-point
rule, adopting a 22-foot (6.7 m) line for the 198081 season.[4][5] Ronnie Carr of Western Carolina
University was the first to score a three-point field goal in college basketball history on
November 29, 1980.[5][6][7] Over the following five years, NCAA conferences differed in their use
of the rule and distance required for a three-pointer.[8] Used in conference play, it was adopted by
the NCAA for the 198687 season at 19 ft. 9 in., and was first used in the NCAA Tournament in

1987.[9] In 2007, the NCAA lengthened the men's three point distance to 20 feet 9 inches, with
the rule coming into effect at the beginning of the 200809 season. American high schools, along
with elementary and