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(Objective Paper - II)

Mechanical

solutions

Explanation of Mechanical Engg. Paper-II (ESE - 2014)

SET - D

Directions : Each of the following twenty (20) items Ans. (c)

consists of two statements, one labelled as ‘Statement

R

(I)’ and the other as ‘Statement (II)’. Examine these Sol. Involute pinion can not have any number of

two statements carefully and select the answers to teeth because a minimum number of teeth

these items using the codes given below. are decided by interference phenomenon.

Both involute and cycloidal teeth satisfy

TE

Codes :

constant velocity ratio condition. Because

(a) Both Statement (I) and Statement (II) are

velocity ratio depends upon ratio of number

individually true and Statement (II) is the

of teeth or ratio of pitch diameters.

correct explanation of Statement (I)

3. Statement (I) : Hooke’s joint connects two non-

(b) Both Statement (I) and Statement (II) are parallel non-intersecting shafts to transmit

AS

individually true but Statement (II) is not motion with a constant velocity ratio.

the correct explanation of Statement (I)

Statement (II) : Hooke’s joint connects two

(c) Statement (I) is true but Statement (II) is shafts the axes of which do not remain in

false alignment while in motion.

(d) Statement (I) is false but Statement (II) is

true Ans. (c)

M

follower is a case of complete constraint. Sol. The Hooke’s joint connects two non-parallel

Statement (II) : The pair, cam and follower, by shafts but intersecting. For constant velocity

itself does not guarantee continuity of contact ratio there are two Hooke’s joints in particular

all the time. torks orientation

S

Ans. (c) involute gear tooth predicts the static load

capacity of a cantilever beam of uniform

IE

successful constant. Because spring force Statement (II) : For a pair of gears in mesh,

is required to maintain the contact. This pressure angle and module must be same to

spring force does not guarantee the contact satisfy the condition of interchangeability and

all time because after certain speed, the correct gearing.

follower losses contact with can due to inertia

force. Ans. (a)

2. Statement (I) : Involute pinions can have any

Sol. Both Statement I & II are correct.

number of teeth.

5. Statement (I) : Tensile strength of CI is much

Statement (II) : Involute profiles in mesh satisfy

higher than that of MS.

the constant velocity ratio condition.

Statement (II) : Percentage of carbon in CI is

more than 1.5.

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Ans. (d) Statement (II) : Fiberglass acquires strength

from then polymer and flexibility from the glass.

Sol. Tensile strength of cast iron is very less

compared to mild steel. However, percentage

Ans. (c)

of carbon in cast iron is more than 2%.

R

6. Statement (I) : Centrifugal clutches are Sol. Main strength of composite (i.e. febreglan)

designed to provide automatic and smooth comes from glass fibres and not the polymer.

engagement of load to driving member. 10. Statement (I) : Industrial rotors will not have

TE

Statement (II) : Since the operating centrifugal uniform diameter throughout their lengths.

force is a function of square of angular velocity, Statement (II) : These rotors will have to

the friction torque for accelerating a load is accommodate transmission elements like

also a function of square of speed of driving pulleys and gears and supports like anti-friction

member. bearings.

AS

Ans. (a) Ans. (a)

7. Statement (I) : Heating the steel specimen in Sol. Difference diameter on shafts are to support

the furnace up to austenitize temperature transmission elements. Shoulder are provided

f ollowed by f urnance cooling is termed to restrict axial movement of bearings.

annealing. 11. Statement (I) : Cored induction furnace cannot

M

possesses fine pearlitic structure. Statement (II) : Cored induction furnace,

though most efficient, requires a liquid metal

Ans. (c) charge while starting.

S

pearlite” structure and not “fine pearlite” due to Ans. (a)

slow cooling in furance. Sol. Cored induction furnace requires a liquid metal

IE

8. Statement (I) : The susceptibility of a charge while starting. Therefore, they cannot

ferromagnetic material decreases with an be used for intermittent operations.

increase in Curie temperature. 12. Statement (I) : Low-carbon steel has high

Statement (II) : A critical temperature at which weldability and is more easily welded.

the alignment of magnetic moments vanishes Statement (II) : Higher carbon contents tend

is called Curie temperature. to soften the welded joints resulting in

development of cracks.

Ans. (a)

temperature only. Thus, higher the curie Sol. High carbon content tends to make the weld

temperature lower is the suseptibility. more brittle and thus more prone to cracking.

9. Statement (I) : Fiberglass is a polymer Low carbon steels have excellent weldeability

composite made of a plastic matrix containing due to low carbon content.

fine fibers of glass.

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13. Statement (I) : For cutting multi-start threads, 16. Statement (I) : In chain drives, angle of

the speed ratio is expressed in terms of the articulation through which link rotates during

lead of the job thread and lead of the lead engagement and disengagement, is greater for

screw threads. a small number of teeth.

Statement (II) : The speed of the job is reduced Statement (II) : The greater angle of articulation

to one-third or one-fourth of the job speed used will increase the life of the chain.

R

in the turning operation.

Ans. (c)

Ans. (b)

Sol. For greater life of chain, the angle of articulation

14. Statement (I) : The Bauschinger effect is

yielding.

Statement (II) : The Bauschinger effect is a

TE

observed in tension test of mild steel specimen

17.

should be reduced to minimize wear of chain

& fatigue of rollers.

Statement (I) : The CNC is an NC system

utilizing a dedicated stored program to perform

all numerical control functions in manufacturing.

AS

function of section modulus of specimen under Statement (II) : The DNC is a manufacturing

test. process in which a number of process

machines are controlled by a computer through

Ans. (c) direct connection and real time analysis.

M

characteristics change as a result of the Sol. Both Statement I and II are correct, but

microscopic stress distribution of material. It Statement II does not explain Statement I,

is observed in tensile test of mild steel 18. Statement (I) : In interference fit, the outer

specimen. diameter of the shaft is greater than the inner

S

geometric property. So it is not dependent Statement (II) : The amount of clearance

on section modulus. obtained from the assembly of hole and shaft

IE

15. Statement (I) : The ceramic tools used in resulting in interference fit is called positive

machining of material have highly brittle tool clearance.

tips.

Ans. (c)

Statement (II) : Ceramic tools can be used on

hard-to-machine work material. Sol. Clearance obtained in an interference fit is a

negative clearance.

Ans. (b) 19. Statement (I) : One of the most commonly

Sol. Ceramic tools have very brittle tool tips, that is used techniques for testing surface integrity of

why they all prone to impact loads. These tools material is metallography.

are used on hard to machine work material Statement (II) : Surface integrity of a material

such as cast iron as they are highly wear & does not contribute for the mechanical and

abrasion resistant. metallurgical properties.

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Ans. (c) c = 50 N/mm2

Sol. Surface integrity affects mechanical properties 22. A system under biaxial loading induces principal

such as fatigue strength of material. stresses of 100 N/cm2 tensile and 50 N/cm2

20. Statement (I) : The change in critical path compressive at a point. The normal stress at

R

requires rescheduling in a PERT network. that point on the maximum shear stress plane

Statement (II) : Some of the activities cannot is

be completed in time due to unexpected (a) 75 N/cm2 tensile

TE

breakdown of equipment or non-availability of (b) 50 N/cm2 compressive

raw materials. (c) 100 N/cm2 tensile

(d) 25 N/cm2 tensile

Ans. (a)

AS

encased in a steel tube of inner diameter 2 cm

and outer diameter 4 cm. Under an axial load, Sol. 1 = 100 N/cm2

the stress in the steel tube is 100 N/mm 2. If Es

2 = – 50 N/cm2

= 2Ec, then the stress in the copper rod is

(a) 50 N/mm2 (b) 33.33 N/mm2 On maximum shear stress plane,

Normal stress

M

= avg

Ans. (a)

2cm

1 2 100 50

Sol. For copper = =

2 2

S

d = 2cm

= 20 mm = 25 N/cm2 (Tensile)

IE

= 20 mm

shear stress 300 N / mm2 . The maximum

d0 = 4 cm

principal stress is

= 40 mm

Steel

(a) 800 N / mm2 (b) 900 N / mm2

s = 100N/mm2

Es = 2Ec 4cm (c) 1000 N / mm2 (d) 1200 N / mm2

Strain in steel = strain in copper

Ans. (c)

s c

=

Es Ec Sol. x = 900 N/mm2

c = Es

xy = 300 N/mm2

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Maximum principal stress Ans. (c)

1 = x y 4 2xy

2 2

y = 200 MPa

900 100 1 2 2

= 900 100 4 300 1 = 250 MPa

R

2 2

1 2 = x y

1

= 500 640000 360000

2 2 = 100 200 250

24.

= 500

1

2

500 = 1000 N/mm2

among which of the following combinations in

TE y 1

1 = x

2 2

= 50 MPa

x y

2

42xy

AS

a particular alloy system? 100 200 1 2

250 = 100 200 42xy

(a) Temperature and composition 2 2

(b) Temperature and phases present

1

(c) Temperature, composition and phases 100 = 100 200 2 42xy

present 2

M

Sol. A constitutional diagram gives information

regarding temperature, composition and phases xy = 50 3 MPa

S

25. The state of stress at a point in a body is given powder metallurgy :

IE

by x 100 MPa and y 200 MPa . One of 1. Refractory materials made of tungsten

can be manufactured easily.

the principal stresses 1 250 MPa . The

2. In metal powder, control of grain size

magnitudes of the other principal stress and results in relativ ely much unif orm

the shearing stress xy are respectively structure.

3. The powder heated in die or mould at

(a) 50 3 MPa and 50 MPa high temperature is then pressed and

compacted to get desired shape and

(b) 100 MPa and 50 3 MPa strength.

4. In sintering, the metal powder is gradually

(c) 50 MPa and 50 3 MPa

heated resulting in coherent bond.

(d) 50 3 MPa and 100 MPa Which of the above statements are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

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(b) 1, 2 and 4 only

2xy = 17500

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 xy = 50 7 MPa

R

28. The state of stress at a point is given by

Ans. (d)

x 100 MPa , y 50 MPa and

Sol. All options are correct

xy 100 MPa . The centre of Mohr’s circle and

TE

27. The magnitudes of principal stresses at a point

are 250 MPa t ensil e and 150 MPa its radius will be

compressive. The magnitudes of the shearing

stress on a plane on which the normal stress (a) x 75 MPa, xy 0 and 75 MPa

is 200 MPa tensile and the normal stress on a

plane at right angle to this plane are (b) x 25 MPa, xy 0 and 125 MPa

AS

(a) 50 7 MPa and 100 MPa (tensile) (c) x 25 MPa, xy 0 and 150 MPa

(d) x 75 MPa, xy 0 and 125 MPa

(c) 50 7 MPa and 100 MPa (compressive)

Ans. (b)

M

Sol. x = 100 MPa

Ans. (c) y = – 50 MPa

Sol. 1 = 250 MPa

S

2 = – 150 MPa

x y

IE

2

1 2 = x y = [25 MPa, 0]

Radius of Mohr’s circle = x y 4 2xy

2

y = – 100 MPa

1

= 100 50 2 4 1002

200 100 1 2 2

1 = 200 100 42xy

2 2

1

= 22500 40,000

200 100 1 2 2

250 = 200 100 42xy

2 2 = 125 MPa

29. Consider the following sttements related to

400 = 300 2 42xy Mohr’s circle for stresses in case of plane

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stress : (c) 120 MPa and 120 MPa

1. The construction is for variations of stress (d) 60 MPa and 120 MPa

in a body.

2. The radius of the circle represents the Ans. (b)

magnitude of the maximum shearing Sol. = 1.2 × 10–5/°C

stress.

E = 2 × 105 MPa

R

3. The diameter represents the difference

between the two principal stresses. T = 50°C

Which of the above statements are correct? A C

TE

B

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1 and 2 only 20mm 10mm 20mm

R R

Ans. (a)

X 20mm 20mm 20mm B

AS

30. The figure shows a steel piece of diameter 20

mm at A and C, and 10 mm at B. The lengths Since supports are rigid.

of three sections A, B and C are each equal to

20 mm. The piece is held between two rigid L A t LB T Lc T

surfaces X and Y. The coefficient of linear

RL A RLB R LC

expansion 1.2 105 / C and Young’ss – E A E A E A = 0

M

A B C

modulus E 2 105 MPa for steel :

LA = LB = LC = L

L R R R

3L T =

E A A A B A C

S

A B C

1 1 1

3E T = R

20 10 20

IE

2 2 2

20 10 20

4 4 4

20 20 20 R =

4 4 4

X Y 202 102 202

= 18849.56 N

When the temperature of this piece increases

by 50 C , the stresses in sections A and B are R

A = = 60 MPa

(a) 120 MPa and 480 MPa 2

20

4

(b) 60 MPa and 240 MPa

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Ans. (b)

R

B = = 240 MPa

2 Sol. 1 = 0.0004

10

4

2 = – 0.00012

R

31. For a material following Hooke’s law, the values

E = 2 × 105

of ealstic and shear moduli are 3 105 MPa

= 0.3

TE

and 1.2 105 MPa respectively. The value for

E

bulk modulus is 1 = 1 2

1 2

(a) 1.5 105 MPa (b) 2 105 MPa

2 105

5 = 0.0004 0.3 0.00012

(c) 2.5 10 MPa (d) 3 105 MPa 1 0.3 2

AS

= 80 MPa

Ans. (b)

2 = 2 1

G = 1.2 × 105 MPa 1 2

M

9KG 2 105

E = 3K G

=

1 0.32

9 K 1.2 105 [(–0.00012) + {0.3 × 0.0004}]

3 × 105 =

3K 1.2 105 = 0 MPa

S

Maximum shar stress = =

0.6 K = 1.2 × 105 2 2

IE

33. A cantilever of length 1.2 m carries a

2 0.00012 . If E 2 105 MPa and 0.3 , concentrated load of 12 kN at the free end.

the smallest normal stress and the largest The beam is of rectangular cross-section with

shearing stress are breadth equal to half the depth. The maximum

(a) 40 MPa and 40 MPa stress due to bending is not to exceed

(b) 0 MPa and 40 MPa 100 N / mm2 . The minimum depth of the beam

(c) 80 MPa and 0 MPa should be

(d) 0 MPa and 80 MPa (a) 120 mm (b) 60 mm

(c) 75 mm (d) 240 mm

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Ans. (a) (c) 260 MPa and 260 MPa

(d) 260 MPa and 520 MPa

Sol. W =12 kN

b

Ans. (a)

A 3 h

L=1.2m Sol. 1 = 0.0013

R

2 = – 0.0013

E = 2 × 105 MPa

b = h/2

= 0.3

TE

At point A,

E

Mmax = WL 1 = 1 2

= (12 × 103) N × (1.2)

1 2

= 14.4 × 103 N-m 2 105

= [0.0013 +

= 14.4 × 106 N-mm 1 0.32

AS

{0.3 × (–0.0013)} = 200 MPa

Mmax y

max = E

I

2 = 2 1

1 2

14.4 106 h / 2

100 = 2 105

bh3

= [(– 0.0013)

M

1 0.32

12

+{0.3×(0.0013)} = – 200 MPa

6

6 14.4 10

100 = 1 2

bh2 Maximum shear stress max =

2

S

200 200

= = 200 MPa

h 2 2

IE

h = 86.4 × 104

2

35. A beam ABCD, 6 m long, is supported at B

h3 = 172.8 × 104 and C, 3 m apart with overhangs AB = 2 m

h = 120 mm and CD = 1 m. It carries a uniformly distributed

load of 100 kN/m over its entire length :

34. Two strain gauges fixed along the principal

directions on a plane surface of a steel member 100 kN/m

A B C D

recorded strain values of 0.0013 tensile and

0.0013 compressive respectively. Given that the

2m 3m 1m

value of E 2 105 MPa and 0.3 , the

largest normal and shearing stress at this point The maximum magnitudes of bending moment

are and shear force are

(a) 200 MPa and 200 MPa

(b) 400 MPa and 200 MPa

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(a) 200 kN-m and 250 kN

100 kN/m

(b) 200 kN-m and 200 kN B C

A D

(c) 50 kN-m and 200 kN RC

RB

(d) 50 kN-m and 250 kN 2m 3m 1m

R

+200 kN

Ans. (b)

+ve +ve

TE

Sol. 100 kN/m A D

–ve B P –ve C

B C

A D

P –100kN

RB RC –200kN

2m 3m 1m

S.F.D

x

Taking moment about point B,

AS

(Rc × 3) – (100 × 6 × 1) = 0 B P C D

A

Rc = 200 kN

RB + Rc = 600

RB = 400 kN M=–50 kN-m

(S.F.)A = 0 Mmax=–200 kN-m

M

S.F.B = – 200 + 400 = 200 kN

S.F.C = 200 – (100 × 3) = – 100 kN 36. A solid circular cross-section cantilever beam

S.F.C = – 100 + (200) = 100 kN of diameter 100 mm carries a shear force

S

Point P, stress is

– (100 x) + RB = 0

IE

4 3

100x = 400 (a) Pa (b) Pa

x = 4m 3 4

(B.M.)A = 0

3 16

(B.M.)B = – (100 × 2 × 1) = – 200 N-m (c) Pa (d) Pa

16 3

5

(B.M.)C = – 100 5 + (400 × 3)

2 Ans. (d)

= – 50 N-m

(B.M.)D = 0 Sol. d = 100mm

V = 10 kN

* x

(B.M.)D = RB x 2 100 x = 104 N

2

4

4 max = avg

= (400 × 2) – 100 4 3

2

=0

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Regular 1st July, 2015[Afternoon]

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4 104 N WL

= y

8

3 1002 mm2

max =

4 I

16 W1

= MPa

3 P R Q

R

37. A beam of length L simply supported at its

ends carrying a total load W unif ormly L

distributed over its entire length deflects at the

W1L3

TE

centre by and has a maximum bending

=

stress . If the load is substituted by a 48EI

concentrated load W1 at mid-span such that W1L3 5 WL3

the deflection at the centre remians unchanged, =

48EI 384 EI

the magnitude of the load W1 and the W1 = 0.625 W

AS

maximum bending stress will be Mmax y

1max =

(a) 0.3 W and 0.3 I

=

4 I

(c) 0.3 W and 0.6

W L y

= 0.625

M

0.625

Ans. (*) = 8 max

4

Sol. Let load intensity is .

1max = 1.25 max

S

depth is doubled, keeping the width, length and

A C B

loading same, the bending stress is decreased

IE

RA RB by a factor

L

L = W (a) 2 (b) 4

L

(c) 6 (d) 8

RA = RB =

2

Ans. (b)

deflection at point C

Sol. For rectangular section,

5 L4 5 WL3

= = M y M h/2

384 EI 384 EI =

b = I bh3 /2

L L L L

Mmax =

2 2 2 4 6M

b =

bh2

L2 WL

= =

8 8

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if h = 2h (a) 75 MPa (b) 85 MPa

(c) 125 MPa (d) 250 MPa

b

6M 6M Ans. (a)

b = 2

= 2

R

bh b 2h

h Sol. 3kN x

1kN/m

1 6M

= 2 A

TE

4 bh RA C RB B

1m 2m

b x

b = x

4

taking moment about point A

39. A helical compression spring of stiffness K is 3

(RB × 3) – (3 × 1) – 3 1 = 0

AS

cut into two pieces, each having equal number

2

of turns and kept side-by-si de under

3RB = 3 + 4.5

compression. The equivalent spring stiffness

RB = 2.5 kN

of this new arrangement is equal to

RA + RB = 3 + (1 × 3)

(a) 4 K (b) 2 K RA + RB = 6

(c) K (d) 0.5 K RA = 3.5 kN

M

Mmax = (B.M.)c

Ans. (a)

1

Sol. When spring is cut into two pieces. = (RA × 1) – 1 1

2

Stiffness of each spring (k ) = 2k = 3 kN-m

S

and then these springs are arranged in parallel

150

so k = k k y= = 75mm

2

IE

= 2k 2k

Mmax y

b =

=4 k I

40. A beam AB simply supported at its ends A and 3 106 N-mm 75mm

B, 3 m long, carries a uniformly distributed load =

300 10 4 mm 4

of 1 kN/m over its entire length and a

= 75 MPa

conventrated load of 3 kN, at 1 m from A :

41. Which of the following statements apply to

3 kN provision of flash gutter and flash land around

1 kN/m the parts to be forged?

C

A B 1. Small cavities are provided which are

1m 2m directly outside the die impression.

2. The volume of flash land and flash gutter

4

If ISJB 150 with IXX 300 cm is used for the should be about 20% - 25% of the volume

of forging.

beam, the maximum value of bending stress is

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3. Gutter is provided to ensure complete 2.5 x = 0.01

closing of the die.

0.01

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only x = = 0.004mm

25

(c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 only

43. Consider the following statements :

Ans. (a) In case of assembly of mating parts

R

1. the difference between hole size and

Sol. Gutter is provided to ensure complete filling of

shaft size is called allowance

die cavity and not closing of die.

2. in transition fit, small positive or negative

TE

42. A hole and a shaft have a basic size of 25 mm,

clearance between the shaft and hole

and are to have a clearance fit with a maximum

member is employable

clearance of 0.02 mm and a minimum

clearance of 0.01 mm. The hole tolerance is to Which of the above statements is/are correct?

be 1.5 times the shaft tolerance. The limits of (a) 1 only (b) Both 1 and 2

both hole and shaft using hole basis system (c) 2 only (d) Neither 1 nor 2

AS

will be

(a) low limit of hole = 25 mm, high limit of Ans. (c)

hole = 25.006 mm, upper limit of shaft =

Sol. • Allowance is a planned deviation between

24.99 mm and low limit of shaft = 24.986

an actual dimension and a nominal or

mm

theoretical dimension.

(b) low limit of hole = 25 mm, high limit of

M

hole = 25.026 mm, upper limit of shaft =

negative clearance (Interference) between the

24.8 mm and low limit of shaft = 24.76

shaft and hole member is employable.

mm

Only statement (2) is correct.

(c) low limit of hole = 24 mm, high limit of

44. An organization has decided to produce a new

S

25 mm and low limit of shaft = 24.99 mm product. Fixed cost for producing the product

is estimated as Rs. 1,00,000. Variable cost for

(d) low limit of hole = 25.006 mm, high limit

producing the product is Rs. 100. Market survey

IE

indicated that the product selling price could

24.99 mm and low limit of shaft = 25 mm

be Rs. 200. The break-even quantity is

Ans. (a) (a) 1000 (b) 2000

(c) 500 (d) 900

Sol. For hole basis system

Low limit of hole = 25 mm Ans. (a)

High limit of hole = 25.006

High limit of shaft = 24.99 mm F 100000

Sol. BEQ = = = 1000

Low limit of shaft = 24.986 S V 200 100

Also tolerance of shaft + minimum clearance + 45. Usi ng ex ponential smoot hening, a car

tolerance of hole = 0.02 mm manufacturing company predicted the demand

x + 1.5 x + 0.01 = 0.02 for that year as 1040 cars. The actual sale

was found to be 1140 cars. If the company’s

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forecast for the next year is 1080, what is the 48. a part is made from solid brass rod of 38 mm

value of the smoothening constant? diameter and length 25 mm. The machining

(a) 0.4 (b) 0.6 time taken to finish the part is 90 minutes and

labour rate is Rs. 2 per hour. Factory overheads

(c) 0.7 (d) 1.2

are 50% of direct labour cost. The density of

R

material is 8.6 gm per cubic cm and its cost is

Ans. (a)

Rs. 1.625 per newton. The factory cost of the

part will be

TE

Sol. Ft = dt 1 1 Ft 1

(a) Rs. 8.40 (b) Rs. 4.80

1080 = 1140 1 1040 (c) Rs. 14.80 (d) Rs. 18.40

= 1140 1040 1040

Ans. (a)

40 = 100

AS

2

= 0.4 Sol. Volume of rod = /4d

46. Coarse feed, low rake angle, low cutting speed = /4×3.82 2.5 = 28.36 cm3

and insufficient cooling help produce Mass of rod = 28.36 × 8.6 = 243.84 grms or

(a) continuous chips in ductile materials 0.243kg

(b) discontinuous chips in ductile materials weight of rod = 2.4 N

M

(c) continuous chips with built-up edges in Cost of rod = 2.4 × 1.625 Rs. 3.89

ductile materials Cost of labour = 2 × 1.5 = Rs. 3

(d) discontinuous chips in brittle materials

Factory overhead = 0.5 × 3 = Rs. 1.5

Total factory cost = 3 + 1.5 + 3.89 = Rs. 8.40

S

Ans. (c)

49. A company wants to expand the solid propellant

Sol. Coarse feed, low rate angle, low cutting speed manufacturing plant by the addition of more

& i nsuf f icient cooling hel p to produce

IE

continuous chips with built-up edges in ductile propellant must undergo 30 minutes of furnace

materials. tim e including loading and unloading

47. In NC machining, coordinated movement of operations. Furnace is used only 80 percent of

separately driven axes motion is required to the time due to power restrictions. The required

achieve the desired path of tool relative to output for the new layout is to be 16 tons per

workpiece. The generation of these reference shift (8 hours). Plant (system) efficiency is

signals is accomplished through a device called estimated at 50 percent of system capacity.

(a) approximator (b) interpolator The number of furnaces required will be

(c) coordinator (d) director (a) 3 (b) 2

(c) 1 (d) 4

Ans. (b)

Ans. (a)

Sol. Interpolator coordinate the motion of tool

relative to workpiece.

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Sol. Required output 16 tons in 8 hours or 8 × 60 52. Consider the following statements :

= 480 minutes. In a single-server queueing model

Operating time of furnace = 0.8×480 = 384 1. the arrivals is a memoryless process

minutes.

2. the arrivals is described as a Poisson

16 ton propellent requires = 16 × 30 = 480 distribution

minutes of furnace.

3. uncertainty concering the demand for

R

Plant efficiency (in minutes) = 0.5 × 382 = 192 service exists

minutes

Which of the above statements are correct?

TE

Total furnace time (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only

Furnace required =

Total plant time (c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 only

= = 2.5 or 3

192

Sol. In a single server queuing model

AS

50. The purpose of providing side rake angle on

• Arrivals are markov or memoryless

the cutting tool is to

• Serivce is also memory less.

(a) avoid work from rubbing against tool

• Arrivals follow poisson distribution

(b) control chip flow

53. To construct an operating characteristic curve,

(c) strengthen tool edge

an agreement has to be reached between

(d) break chips

M

following points?

Ans. (b)

1. Maximum proportion of defectives that will

Sol. Purpose of side rake angle of cutting tool is to make the lot definitely unacceptable

control chip flow. 2. The producer is willing to aceept that

S

51. The annual demand of a commodity in a some of satisfying the quality level (AQL)

supermarket if 80000. The cost of placing an will rejected 5%

order is Rs. 4,000 and the inventory cost of

IE

each item is Rs. 40. What is the economic 3. Maximum level of percentage defectives

that wi ll make the lot def init ely

order quantity?

unacceptable

(a) 2000 (b) 4000

4. The consumer is willing to take lots of

(c) 5656 (d) 6666 quality level (LTPD) even though they are

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2 80000 4000 (c) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 2, 3 and 4 only

Sol. EOQ =

40

= 4000 unit Ans. (d)

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Sol. To construct an OC curve requirements are x 0

• AQL for which produce risk ( = 0.05) is 5%

y0

• Consumers risk for LTPD ( = 0.1) or 10%

R

x y

• Lot tolerance percent deflective (LTPD) 1

500 1000

54. Assuming X and Y are the two control variables,

the following are the constraints laid out for y y

TE

1

maximizing the profit : 800 600

Maximize profit (P) = 8X + 5Y

x y

subject to 1

800 800

Constraint-1 : 2X Y 1000

x y

AS

Constraint-2 : 3X 4Y 2400 1

350 350

Constraint-3 : X Y 800 y

100 Constraint 1

Constraint-4 : X Y 350

Constraint 3

800

Constraint-5 : X 0 Constraint 2

M

600 Constraint 4

Constraint-6 : Y 0

Which of the above constraints is a redundant

one and does not have any effect on the x

solution? 500 800

S

(a) Constraint-1

(b) Constraint-2 From figure it is clear that constraint -3 does

IE

binding constraint.

(d) Constraint-5 and Constraint-6

55. A transportation problem consists of 3 sources

Ans. (b) and 5 destinations with appropriate rim

conditions. The number of possible solutions

Sol. Max (p) = 8x + 5y is

(a) 15 (b) 225

Constraint 1 2x y 1000

(c) 6435 (d) 150

Constraint 1 3x 4y 2400

Ans. (a)

Constraint 3 x y 800 Sol. For a 3 × 5 transportation problem. The number

of possible solutions are (5 × 3) i.e. 15

Constraint 4 x y 350

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56. Maximize Z 2X1 3X2 (b) 30 minutes, 22.5 minutes and 2.25

technicians

subject to

(c) 22.5 minutes, 22.5 minutes and 2.75

2X1 X2 6 technicians

(d) 30 m inutes, 30 m inutes and 2.25

X1 X2 3

technicians

R

X1, X2 0

Ans. (b)

The solution to the above LPP is

Service rate = 8/hr =

TE

(a) optimal (b) infeasible Sol.

(c) unbounded (d) degenerate Arrival rate = 6/hr =

Ans. (b) 6 3

= =

8 4

Sol. y

AS

Tim e spent in the system =

6 1 60

= = 30 minutes

2

6 60

Time spent in the queue = = 8 2

M

x

3

2x 1

= 22.5 minutes

+x 2

–3

Expected technicians i n the queue =

=6

2 9/16 9

= = = 2.25 technicians.

S

1 1/4 4

Hence, there is no feasible region. Thus 58. Objective function

solution to LPP is infeasible

IE

attendant who can attend to 8 technicians in subject to

an hour. The technicians wait in the queue and

0 X1 12

they are attended on first-come-first-served

basis. The technicians arrive at the store on 0 X2 9

an average 6 per hour. Assuming the arrivals

to follow Poisson and servicing to follow 3X1 6X2 66

exponential distribution, what is the expected

time spent by a technician in the system, what X1 , X2 0

is teh expected time spent by a technician in What is the optimum value?

the queue and what is the expected number of

(a) 6, 9 (b) 12, 5

technicians in the queue?

(c) 4, 10 (d) 0, 9

(a) 22.5 minutes, 30 minutes and 2.75

technicians

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Ans. (b)

m IE

=

Sol. x2 t F

x1=12

where I is current in amperes.

R

H

(4, 9) F = Faraday’s constant

(0, 9) x1=9

A

Feasible (12, 5) E is given chemical equivalent =

Z

TE

region

where A is atomic mass of workpiece

(10, 0) (12, 0) 22 x1 Z is valency of anode material

61. In a crank and slotted lever type quick return

Z is maximized at any of the corners of feasible mechanism, the link moves with an angular

region i.e. (12, 5)

AS

velocity of 20 rad/s, while the slider moves with

59. Which of the following defines the compiler’s a linear velocity of 1.5 m/s. The magnitude and

function correctly? direction of Coriolis component of acceleration

(a) It translates high-lev el l anguage with respect to angular velocity are

programs into object code (a) 30 m / s2 and direction is such as to

(b) It translates object code into a high-level

rotate slider velocity in the same sense

M

language

as the angular velocity

(c) It translates object code into assembly

language instructions (b) 30 m / s2 and direction is such as to

(d) it translates assembly language rortate slider velocity in the opposite

sense as the angular velocity

S

(c) 60 m / s2 and direction is such as to

Ans. (a)

rotate slider velocity in the same sense

IE

progress into object code.

60. Which one of the following properties of work (d) 60 m / s2 and direction is such as to

materials is responsible for the material removal rotate slider velocity in the opposite sense

rate in electrochemical machining? as the angular velocity

(a) Hardness

Ans. (c)

(b) Atomic weight

(c) Thermal conductivity

(d) Ductility

Ans. (b)

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Sol. The schematic of quick return mechanism 4. Mathematically not accurate except in

three positions

V

5. Has only turning pairs

6. Controls movement of two front wheels

C 2V

(a) 2, 4, 5 and 6 (b) 1, 2, 3 and 6

(c) 2, 3, 5 and 6 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 5

R

Ans. (a)

TE

Sol. The basic schematic of Ackerman steering

mechanism.

The Coriolis acceleration

A W D

ac = 2V = 2× 1.5 × 20

= 60 m/sec2

AS

Direction: The direction of Coriolis component B C

of acceleration depends upon velocity of slider

• All pairs (A, B, C, and D) are turning pair

‘C’. If slider moves away from centre, the

in four bar mechanism A, B, C and D.

Coriolis acceleration will be in the direction of

link rotation. If the slider moves toward centre • This steering satisfy fundamental equation

of rotation the Coriolis acceleration will be w

M

V positions only namely in straight motion

= 0 and two positions 25 toward

C

left and right

2V C

S

V only) So longer life. Due to longer life it is

used generally despite it is not correct

IE

mathematically.

A A

• Steering control is provided in front wheels

only in all steering mechanisms.

Since nothing is mentioned about velocity of 63. The displacement of a follower of a cam in a

slider (away or toward centre) so assume it printing machine is represented by the

moves away from centre, the right. expression

62. Which of the following are associated with

x 10 120 2 1500 3 2000 4 2500 5

Ackerm an steering mechanism used in

automobiles? where is the angle of rotation of the cam.

1. Has both sliding and turning pairs The jerk given by the system at any position is

2. Less friction and hence long life (a) 900 3 48000 3 1500003 2

3. Mechanically correct in all positions

(b) 9000 3

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(c) 240 2 9000 2 240002 2 3 2

= (9000 48000 150000 )

64. A body starting from rest moves in a straight

500003 3

line with its equation of motion being

R

(d) 480003 1500003 2 s 2t3 3t2 2t 1

where s is displacement in m and t is time in

Ans. (a) s. Its acceleration after one seond is

TE (a)

(c)

6 m / s2

12 m / s2

(b) 2 m / s2

(d) 3 m / s2

AS

Ans. (a)

Since the jerk is third derivative of follower

displacement Sol. Displacement of body

s = 2t 3 – 3t 2 + 2t + 1

d3 x

Jerk, J = …(i)

dt3

ds

Velocity, v = = 6t 2 – 6t + 2

M

dt

dx

(10 240 45002 Acceleration,

dt

d

80003 125004 ) dv d2 s

dt a =

S

dt dt

dx 2 = (6 × 2t) – 6 + 0

= (10 240 4500

IE

dt = 12t – 6

80003 125004 )

Acceleration, at t = 1 sec

Assuming cam rotates with uniform angular

velocity a = 12 × 1 – 6

= 6 m/sec2

d2 x 65. The crank shaft of a reciprocating engine having

= (0 240 9000

dt a 20 cm crank and 100 cm connecting rod

d

240002 500003 ) rotates at 210 r.p.m. When the crank angle is

dt

45 , the velocity of piston is nearly

= 2 (240 9000 240002 500003 ) (a) 1.8 m/s (b) 1.9 m/s

(c) 18 m/s (d) 19 m/s

d3 x 2

Jerk = (0 9000

dt3 d

48000 1500002 )

dt

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Ans. (a) Ans. (b)

Sol. Reciprocating engine mechanism 67. A four-bar mechanism is as shown in the figure

bleow. At the instant shown, AB is shorter than

cm CD by 30 cm. AB is rotating at 5 rad/s and CD

= 100

is ratating at 2 rad/s:

x r = 20 cm

R

P = 45 B C

Piston

Angular velocity of crank

2N 2 210

60

60

= 22 rad/sec

length

TE A

The length of AB is

D

AS

(a) 10 cm (b) 20 cm

l 100 (c) 30 cm (d) 40 cm

n 5

r 20

Ans. (b)

The velocity of piston-P,

Sol. The schematic of mechanism

M

sin2

v r sin B C

2n

1=5rad/sec

sin90

v = 0.2 sin 45

25

S

A

2 =2rad/sec

1 1

= 0.2 22

IE

2 10 D

= 1.7756 m/sec velocity of point B and C will be same

VBA = VCD

1.8 m/sec

66. While designing a cam, pressure angle is one 1AB 2CD

of the most important parameters which is

directly proportional to 5AB = 2CD …(i)

(a) pitch circle diameter Since the difference between AB and CD

(b) prime circle diameter

CD – AB = 30

(c) lift of cam

From equation (i)

(d) base circle diameter

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(d) a relative motion of axes and none of the

5

CD = AB axes of gears has relative motion with the

2

frame

5 Ans. (a)

R

AB AB 30

2

Sol. In planetary gear train or compound epicyclic

3 gear train, the axis of at least one gear

TE

AB 30

2 rotates (not fixed) about to the fixed frame.

The beauty of this train is that it ensures

2 30 large speed reduction in small space.

AB = = 20 cm 70. The flywheel of a machine having weight of

3

4500 N and radius of gyration of 2 m has cyclic

68. A governor is said to be isochrnous when the

AS

fluctuation of speed from 125 r.p.m. to 120

equilibrium speed is

r.p.m. Assuming g = 10 m/s2, the maximum

(a) variable for different radii of ratation of fluctuation of energy is

governor balls

(a) 12822 N-m (b) 24200 N-m

(b) constant for all radii of ratation of the balls

(c) 14822 N-m (d) 12100 N-m

within the working range

(c) constant for particular radii of ratation of

M

Ans. (d)

governor balls

(d) constant for only one radius of ratation of Sol. Weight of flywheel, w = mg = 4500 N

governor balls

Radius of gyration, k = 2 m

S

IE

2

radii of rotation of balls within working range. = (125 120) rad/sec

The isochronous governor has zero range 60

of speed. This isochronism character is = (13.09 – 12.57) rad/sec

possible in spring controlled governors only

not in dead weight types. max = 13.09 rad/sec

69. A planetary gear train is a gear train having

(a) a relative motion of axes and the axis at min = 12.57 rad/sec

least one of the gears also moves relative Maximum fluctuation of energy

to the frame

(b) no relative motion of axes and no relative e = Emax – Emin

motion of axes with respect to the frame

1 2 1 2

(c) no relative motion of axes and the axis of at = Imax Imin

2 2

least one of the gears also moves relative

to the frame

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Ans. (d)

1

= I(max min )(max min )

2 Sol. For complete dynamic balancing of rotating

systems,

1

= mk2 (max min )(max min ) (1) There should not be any couple in the

2

system

R

1 4500 2 (2) System should be statically balanced

= 2 (13.09 12.57) i.e., centre of mass of the system

2 10

(13.09 12.57) should be on axis of rotation

= 12009 N.m.

So the nearest answer is 12100 N.m.

TE Hence in complete dynamic balance, the

reaction on the support are due to weight of

system and remain constant during rotation

of system i.e., no force should airse due to

rotation.

AS

71. Alumina doped with magnesia will have 73. Which of the following statements is correct

reduced thermal conductivity because its about the balancing of a mechanical system?

structure becomes

(a) If it is under static balance, then there will

(a) amorphous be dynamic balance also

(b) free of pores (b) If it is under dynamic balance, then there

(c) crystalline will be static balance also

M

(d) mixture of crystalline and glass (c) Both static as well as dynamic balance have

to be achieved separately

Ans. (c) (d) None of the above

72. W hi ch of the f ol lowing statements are

S

of rotating systems?

Sol. For complete balancing or simply balancing

1. Resultant couple due to all inertia forces is

IE

zero balancing i.e., no couple, requires static

2. Support reactions due to forces are zero balancing (centre of mass of system at axis

but not due to couples of rotation) of system as pre condition.

3. The system is automatically statically 74. The accelerometer is used as a transducer to

balanced measure earthquake in Richter scale. Its design

4. Centre of masses of the system lies on the is based on the principle that

axis of rotation. (a) its natural f requency is v ery low in

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 comparison to the frequency of vibration

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) its natural frequency is very high in

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only comparison to the frequency of vibration

(d) 1, 3 and 4 only (c) its natural frequency is equal to the

frequency of vibration

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(d) measurement of vibratory motion is without 6l

any reference point. = 2 g

e

Ans. (c)

l

= 2 g . 6

R

The natural frequency of accelerometer should e

be kept around frequency of vibration/excitation

in order to read the very weak earthquake. = Te 6

TE

In case of resonance the peak is control by 76. While calculating the natural frequency of a

proper dampnig. spring-mass system, the effect of the mass of

75. As compared to the time period of a simple the spring is accounted for by adding X times

pendulum on the earth, its time period on the its value to the mass, where X is

moon will be

1 1

AS

(a) 6 times higher (a) (b)

2 3

(b) 6 times lower

1 3

(c) 6 times higher (c) (d)

4 4

(d) 6 times lower

Ans. (b)

M

Ans. (c)

Sol. The period of oscillation of spring-mass

Sol. The time period of simple pendulum on earth system including the mass of spring.

l

S

Te = 2 g …(i)

e

IE

ms

1

gravity in th of acceleration due to gravity k

6

at earth.

M

ge

gm =

6

ms

M M Xms

3

l T = 2 2

T m = 2 g k k

m

l 1

= 2 g X =

3

e

6 77. A block of mass 10 kg is placed at the free end

of a cantilever beam of length 1 m and second

moment of area 300 mm 4. Taking Young’s

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modulus of the beam material as 200 GPa, the 78. The speed rating for turbine rotors is invariably

natural frequency of the system is more than 2 times its natural frequency to

(a) 30 2 rad s (b) 2 3 rad s (a) increase stability under heavy load and high

speed

(c) 3 2 rad s (d) 20 3 rad s (b) isolate vibration of the system from the

surrounding

R

Ans. (c) (c) minimize deflection under dynamic loading

as well as to reduce transmissbility of force

Sol. The cantilever vibrator, to the surrounding

= 1m

M =10 kg TE

Sol.

(d) none of the above

Ans. (b)

AS

than 2 times of natural frequency (n ) of

Second moment of inertia, system. Because beyond this speed, the

transmissibility T r is less than one as shown

I = 300 mm 4

below

Young’s modulus,

E = 200 GPa

M

'Tr'

Turbine rotor

speed range

mg3

st

3EI 1.0

S

Stiffness constant

IE

mg 3EI

k = 3

st 1.0 = 2 (/n )

Hence force transmitted to foundation by

k = turbine is less than it impress upon isolator.

3

So t he v i brat i ons are i sol at ed f rom

= 600 × 300 × 10–3 surroundings.

79. The magnitude of swaying couple due to partial

= 180 N/m

balance of the primary unbalnacing force in

Frequency of oscillation locomotive is

(a) inversely proportional to the reciprocating

k 180 mass

n = = 3 2 rad/sec

m 10

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(b) directly proportional to the square of the (d) each governor ball for given percentage

distance between the centrelines of the two change of speed

cylinders

(c) inversely proportional to the distance Ans. (c)

R

between the centrelines of the two cylinders

Sol. The power of governor is defined as = sleeve

(d) directly proportional to the distance between

displacement × effort

the centrelines of the two cylinders

TE

The effort of governor is defined as average

Ans. (d) force on sleeve for a given change of speed.

So the power can be defined as work done

Sol. at sleeve for given rate of change of speed.

81. Copper has FCC structure; its atomic radius is

(1 c) mr2 cos 1.28 A and atomic mass is 63.5. The density of

AS

Cylinder–1 copper will be

(a) 8.9×103 kg/mm3

a/2

(b) 8.9×103 kg/cm3

(c) 8.9×103 kg/m3

x x

(d) 8.9×103 g/mm3

M

Cylinder-2

Mass × No. of atoms in a unit

2 cell

(1 c) mr cos 90 Sol. Density (g/m3) =

Volume × Avagadro's

S

about centre line x – x Volume of a unit cell = a3 = (2 2R)

3

IE

= 47.46 × 10–30 m3

2 a

= (1 c)mr cos

2 4 63.5

=

a 47.46 1030 6.023 1023

(1 c)mr2 cos( 90)

2 = 8.9 × 106 g/m3

or 8.9 × 103 kg/m3

2

mr a 82. A plane intersects the coordinate axes at

= (1 c) (cos sin )

2

2 1 1

80. The power of a governor is the work done at x , y and z . What is the Miller index

3 3 2

(a) the governor balls for change of speed of this plane?

(b) the sleeve for zero change of speed (a) 932 (b) 432

(c) the sleeve for a given rate of change of (c) 423 (d) 364

speed

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Ans. (d)

4

but a = R for BCC will only

Sol. 3

1/2 2 2

= R R = 1 R

3 3

2 1/3

R

3 Roctahedral = 0.158 R

3

2 1 1 also R = a

TE

Intercepts are 4

3 3 2

3 0.158 3

Take reciprocal intercepts i.e. 3 2 Roctahedral = a

2 4

Converting to whole number by multiplying by

= 0.0684 a

2

AS

Doctahedral = 2 × Roctahedral = 0.136 a

miller indices = (3 6 4)

84. If the atomic radius of aluminium is r, what is

83. What is the diameter of the largest sphere in

its unit cell volume?

terms of lattice parameter , which will fit the

void at the centre of the cube edge of a BCC 3 3

2r 4r

crystal? (a) (b)

2 2

M

3 3

(c) 0.433 (d) 0.5 2r 4r

(c) (d)

3 3

Ans. (a)

S

Ans. (b)

Sol. Sol. Aluminium has FCC crystal structure

IE

a

a = 2 2r

volume of unit cell = a3

= (2 2r)3 = 8×2× 2r 3 = 16 2r 3

a

3

a 4r

or

2

The void formed is an octahedral void. The 85. Consider the following staements regarding the

largest radius that can jet in it behaviour of dislocations:

1. Only edge dislocation and mixed dislocation

a

Roctahedral = R can have glide motion.

2

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2. A screw dislocation cannot have glide

motion.

3. Dislocat ion mov es in t he direct ion Temp. L

1453°C

perpendicular to that of shear stress.

L+S

R

4. Motion of disloacation occurs on slip plane

that contains Burger’s vector and direction 1085°C S

vector. C1=16% Ni {Given

TE

Which of the above statements are correct? C2=26% Ni data} C1 C0 C2

Cu100% 80%Cu 0%

(a) 1, 2 and 3 Ni0% 20%Ni 100%

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only %composition

C2 C0 0.26 0.2

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 wsolid (at 20% Ni) = C C = 0.26 0.16

AS

2 1

Sol. Dislocation w solid 0.6 3

= =

• Only edge & mixed dislocation can glide wliquid 0.4 2

along a specific plane defined.

87. Elements A and B form eutectic type binary

M

phase diagram and the eutectic composition is

plane defined.

60 wt% B. If just below eutectic temperature,

• Dislocations move perpendicular to direction the eutectic phase contains equal amounts (by

of shear stress along a slip plane containing wt) of two solid phases, then the compositions

Burger’s vector & direction vector. of the two solid phases are

S

(a) 20 wt% B and 90 wt% B

Ni at a particular temperature coexists with solid

(b) 30 wt% B and 90 wt% B

phase of 26 wt% Ni and liquid phase of 16

IE

wt% Ni. What is the weight ratio of solid phase (c) 20 wt% B and 80 wt% B

and liquid pahse? (d) 30 wt% B and 80 wt% B

(a) 1 : 1 (b) 3 : 2

Ans. (b)

(c) 2 : 3 (d) 1 : 2

Sol. Equilibrium phase diagram for a eutectic alloy

Ans. (b) is

isomorphos system) L

L L

x

A 100% 40% A y A 0%

B 0% 60% B B 100%

Just below eutectic point, the composition of

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two phases (i.e. & ) be x and y Sol. Eutectic reaction is

respectively. L

wd = = 0.5(given) both ways.

yx

89. At room temperature, -iron contains negligible

R

y – 0.6 = 0.5y 0.5 x amount of carbon, cementite contains 6.67%

C and pearlite contains 0.8% C. Pearlite

y – 0.5y + 0.5 x = 0.6

contains how much cementite?

0.5(x + y) = 0.6

TE

(a) 8% (b) 10%

x+y = 1.2

(c) 12% (d) 14%

Similarly

Ans. (c)

0.6 x

w = = 0.5

yx Sol. At room temperature

AS

Amount of ferrite × %carbon in ferrite + Amount

0.6 – x = 0.5y – 0.5 x

of cementite × % carbon in cementite = overall

0.6 = 0.5y + 0.5x % carbon in pearlite. as % carbon in ferrite is

(x + y) = 1.2 negligible at toom temperature.

There, is only one option satisfying the Amount of cementite × 6.67 = 0.8

conditions i.e. 30 wt% B and 90 wt% B is

M

0.8

and phases. cementite = = 0.1199 or 12%

6.67

88. Consider the following statements :

90. Two metals A and B are completely immiscible

In a binary phase diagram

in sloid and liquid state. Melting point of A is

1. the freezing point of the alloy is minimum 800 ºC and melting point of B is 600 ºC. They

S

2. eutectic mixture solidifies at a constant form eutectic at 200 ºC with 40% B and 60%

temperature like pure metal A. The 50% B alloy contains.

IE

4. at eutectic temperature, liquids of two (b) 83.3% of eutectic and 16.67% B

metals will change into two solids (c) 50% B and 50% of eutectic

Which of the above statements are correct? (d) 40% B and 60% of eutectic

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only Ans. (b)

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only Sol. For no miscibility in liquid and solid state, the

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 phase diagram is

Ans. (c)

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a2 + a2 = (4R)2

800°C

2a2 = 16R2 4R a

Temp. Eutectic

point

a2 = 8R2

600°C

A

R

a = 2 2R

200°C a

C1 C0 C2 R = 1.246A° (given)

A 100°C 60%A 50%A 0%

TE

B% 100% a = 2 2 × 1.246 = 3.524A°

40%B 50%B

%Composition 3.524

d200 = = 1.762 A

Composition at point A i.e. (50%B – 50%A) 22 0 2 0 2

can be found oil by lever rule.

3.524

AS

C0 C1 50 40 10 d220 = = 1.246 A

Quantity of B = C C = 100 40 = 60 2 22 02

2

2 1

= 16.67% of B. 3.524

d111 = = 2.034 A

1 12 12

2

C2 C0 100 50

Quantity of eutectic = C C = 100 40 92. Rotary swaging is a process for shaping

M

2 1

(a) round bars and tubes

50 (b) billets

= = 83.33%

60 (c) dies

91. What is the interplanar spacing between (200), (d) rectangular blocks

S

radius 1.246 A? Ans. (a)

IE

(a) d(200) = 1.762 Å, d(220) = 1.24 Å and d(111) = Sol. Rotary swaging is used to shape round bars

2.034 Å and tubes such as gun barrels

(b) d(200) = 1.24 Å, d(220) = 1.762 Å and d(111) =

2.034 Å 93. Consider the following statements:

(c) d(200) = 2.034 Å, d(220) = 1.24 Å and d(111) = In shell moulding

1.762 Å 1. a single parting plane should be provided

(d) d(200) = 2.5 Å, d(220) = 4.2 Å and d(111) = for mould

2.6 Å 2. detachable pattern parts and cores could

be included

Ans. (a) 3. minimum rounding radii of 2.5 mm to 3 mm

should be used

Sol. Inteplaner spacing is given as

4. draft angles of not less than 1° should be

a used

d =

h k 2 2

2 Which of the above statements are correct?

(a) 1, 3 and 4 only (b) 1, 2 and 3 only

for FCC

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(c) 2, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 • Very close fit between mating surface

96. Centre lathe is to be used to cut inch thread of

Ans. (a) 4 threads per inch. Lead screw of lathe has 3

Sol. • In shell molding mm pitch. Then change gear tobe used is

• Single parting plane should be provided 1 127

• Detachable pattern parts & cores should be (a) (b)

12 60

R

avoided.

• Minimum rounding radii is 2.5 to 3 mm 30 20

• Draft angle should not be less than 1°. (c) (d)

127 80

TE

94. A big casting is to have a hole, to be produced

by using a core of 10 cm diameter and 200 cm Ans. (b)

long. The density metal is 0.077 N/cm3 and

25.4

density core is 0.0165 N/cm 3. What is the Sol. Threads per inch (TPI) =

pitch in mm

upward force acting on the core prints?

AS

25.4 25.4

(a) 200.5 N (b) 1100.62 N pitch in mm = =

TPI 4

(c) 950.32 N (d) 350.32 N Also pitch (mm) = Gear ratio × pitch of leads

crew.

Ans. (c)

25.4 25.4 254

Gear ratio = = or

Sol. Buoyant force acting on core. 43 12 120

M

or

2 60

= /4× 10 200 0.077 0.0165

97. Consider the following statements in respect of

= 950.33 N

the oxidizing flame due to excess of oxygen in

95. Consider the following :

S

welding:

The purpose of lapping process is 1. At high temperature, it combines with many

1. to produce geometrically true surface metals to form hard and brittle oxides.

IE

2. to correct minor surface imperfections 2. It causes the weld bead and the surrounding

3. to improve dimensional accuracy area to have a scummy appearance.

4. to provide very close fit between the contact 3. It has good welding effect in welding of

surface copper-base metal.

Which of the above are correct? Which of the above statements are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 1, 3 and 4 only (a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (c) 1 and 3 only (d) 2 and 3 only

• Geo metrically true surface • Forms hard oxides which protect the weld

• Corrects minor surface imperfection metal

• Improves dimensional accuracy

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• Gives dirty & scummy appearance to weld Ans. (c)

bead

Sol. Taylor’s tool life equation is

• Has good welding effect on copper base

vTn = C

alloys, manganese steels and east iron.

v 1 × (T1)0.5 = 300

R

...(i)

98. A cutter tip is initially at X = 10 mm, Y = 20

mm. In a rapid motion, using G00 code, it when speed is reduced by 25%

moves to X = 160 mm, Y = 120 mm. The X 0.75v 1 × (T2)0.5 = 300 ...(ii)

TE

and Y axes have maximum speed of 10000 Comparing (i) & (ii)

mm/min and 5000 mm/min respectively.

Operating at maximum speed, what is the time V1 T10.5 = 0.75v1 T20.5

it will take to reach the destination?

0.5

(a) 0.90 s (b) 1.08 s T2 1

T =

(c) 1.20 s (d) 2.16 s

AS

1 0.75

Ans. (d) T2 2 2

1 4 16

= = =

T1 0.75 3 9

Sol. y (160 , 120)

16

T2 = T1

M

9

Increase in tool life

(10, 20)

x 16

T2 T1 T1 T1

S

T1 T1

250

mm/mm mm/sec i.e. it will take =

3

IE

700

= = 77.78% or 78%

100 3 9

= 1.2s

250 100. Which of the following statements are correct

for temperature rise in metal cutting operation?

For x axis cutter has to travel 150 mm at 10000

1. It adversely affects the properties of tool

500 150 3 material.

mm/min mm/s i.e. = = 0.9 s

3 500 2. It provides better accuracy during machining.

Total time = 0.9 + 1.2 = 2.1 s 3. It causes dimensional changes in workpiece

99. If n = 0.5 and C = 300 for the cutting speed and affects accuracy of machining.

and the tool life relation, when cutting speed is 4. It can distort the accuracy of machine tool

reduced by 25%, the tool life will be increased itself.

by (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3

(a) 100% (b) 95% (c) 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 78% (d) 50%

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Ans. (d)

F F

Sol. Temperature rise does not give better accuracy A 0.707h

during machining. HIgh temperature affects

hardnen of cutting edge. It can also distort the The force are parallel to minimum threat area

tool due to thermal expansion. so it is designed for shear strength only.

102. If the permissible crushing stress for the

101. Consider the following:

R

material of a key is double the permissible

The parallel fillet welded joint is designed for shear stress, then the sunk key will be equally

1. tensile strength strong in sheaering and crushing if the key is

TE

2. compressive strength a

3. bending strength (a) rectangular key with width equal to half the

4. shear strength thickness

Which of the above is/are correct? (b) rectangular key with width equal to twice

(a) 4 only (b) 3 only the thickness

AS

(c) 2 and 3 (d) 1 and 4 (c) squre key

(d) rectangular key with width equal to one-

Ans. (a) fourth the thickness

Sol. The parallel fillet welds along with force F. Ans. (c)

Thin weld is designed for shear strength of Sol. Given

M

c = 2

F

t

Also crushing force = c

2

S

t d

Crushing torque = c

2 2

IE

d

k

Shearing torque =

h 2

h

for equal strength in shearing & crushing

d t d

2h h = c

t = = = 0.707 h 2 2 2

2 2

Area of threat,

= c

t 2

A = t = 0.707 h

Shear stress, = 1 or = t

t

Thus, it should be a square key

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103. Very small quantity of carbon in iron as in steels or disconnect the driving and driven shaft

forms interstitial solid solution mainly because according to wish of operator of requirement.

atomic size(s) of T hi s oper at i on happens due t o ax i al

(a) carbon and iron are almost same movement of spline hub or shaft ember.

Example clutch. The shaft in spline is under

R

(b) iron is very much smaller than that of carbon

pure torsion i.e., shear.

(c) carbon is very much smaller than that of

106. For a power screw having square threads with

iron

lead angle of 45° and coefficients of friction of

TE

(d) None of the above 0.15 between screw and nut, the efficiency of

the power screw, neglecting collar friction, is

Ans. (c)

given by

Sol. Carbon forms interstitial solid solution with iron (a) 75% (b) 64%

as size of carbon atom is very small as (c) 54% (d) 44%

AS

compared to size of iron atoms.

104. In a cotter joint, the width of the cotter at the Ans. (a)

centre is 5 cm, while its thickness is 1.2 cm.

The load acting on the cotter is 60 kN. The Sol. Efficiency of power screw is = 90 = 45

shear stress developed in the cotter is

(a) 50 N/mm2 (b) 100 N/mm2 tan tan 1 tan tan

=

M

=

tan tan tan

(c) 120 N/mm2 (d) 200 N/mm2

=

0.15 tan 45

Sol. Shear stress in cottor

S

11 0.15

P 60 103 60000 = = 0.739 or 74%

c = = = 1.15

2 b t 12 50 600

IE

= 100 N/mm2

is continuous film of fluid between the tyre and

105. The use of straight or curved external gear the wet road. It leads to

teeth in mesh with internal teeth in ‘gear and

(a) oscillatory motion of the vehicle

spline couplings’ is specifically employed to

accommodate. (b) jamming the brakes of the vehicle

(a) torsional misalignment (c) jamming the steering mechanism of the

vehicle

(b) parallel misalignment

(d) loss of control of the vehicle

(c) angular misalignment

(d) substantial axial movements between shafts Ans. (d)

in vehicle or aircraft when there is water layer

Sol. The gear and spline couplings are used in between tyre and road surf ace. In this

torque transmission when key fails to serve situation, there is excessive skidding or

the purpose. These couplings can connect slipping of vehicle i.e., loss of control of

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Ans. (b)

vehicle. This situation can be very dangerous

when al l t ype h av e equapl ani ng Sol. Velocity of driver

simultaneously.

v1 800

v2 = = = 100 rpm

100 V R 8

= = 102.04 rpm.

0.98 Due to creep

R

108. If the angle of wrap on smaller pulley of

V2 100

diameter 250 mm is 120° and diameter of larger v2 = =

1 1 0.02

pulley is twice the diameter of smaller pulley,

then the centre distance between the pulleys

for an open belt drive is

(a) 1000 mm

(c) 500 mm

(b) 750 mm

(d) 250 mm

TE = 102.04 rpm

110. Two shafts A and B of same material, and A is

twice the diameter of B. The torque that can

be transmitted by A is

(a) 2 times that of B (b) 8 times that of B

AS

Ans. (d) (c) 4 times that of B (d) 6 times that of B

Sol. Given D1 = 2D2

Ans. (b)

or r1 = 2r2

sin =

x

M

TA = 2 3 TB = 8TB

where x is the center distance between the

pulleys 111. A worm gear set is designed to have pressure

for smaller pulley angle of 30° which is equal to the helix angle.

The efficiency of the worm gear set at an

wrap angle = 180 – 2 = 120°

S

2 = 60° (a) 87.9% (b) 77.9%

or = 30° (c) 67.9% (d) 57.9%

IE

sin 30° =

x

Sol. Helix angle of worm = 30°

125 Load angle of worm ( ) = 90° – 30° = 60°

x = = 250mm

sin30

1 tan

109. If the velocity ratio for an open belt drive is 8 efficiency of worm gear =

1 /tan

and the speed of driving pulley is 800 rpm.,

then considering an elastic creep of 2% the

1 0.05 tan60

speed of the driven pulley is =

1 0.05/tan 60°

(a) 104.04 rpm (b) 102.04 rpm

(c) 100.04 rpm (d) 98.04 rpm 0.9134

= = 0.8877

1.0289

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or 88.77% contact ratios are not equal. Large contact

112. Consider the following statements : ratio’s lead to engagement of multiple teeth.

The axes of spiral bevel gear are non-parallel 114. In an interference fit between a shaft and a

and intersecting hub, the state of stress in the shaft due to

R

interference fit is

1. The most common pressure angle for spiral

bevel gear is 20°. (a) only compressive radial stress

2. The most common spiral angle for spiral (b) a tensile radial stress and a compressive

TE

bevel gear is 35°. tangential stress

3. Spiral bev el gears are generally (c) a tensile tangential stress and a compressive

interchangeable. radial stress

4. Spirals are noisy and recommended for low (d) a compressive tangential stress and a

speeds of 10 m/s. compressive radial stress

AS

Which of the above statements are correct?

Ans. (d)

(a) 1 and 4 (b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3 (d) 3 and 4 Sol. For interference fit between hub & shaft, shaft

is considered externally pressed

Ans. (b) radial = – Pf (external pressure)

M

They are less noisy. Most common pressure Pf rf2 rL2

tan gential = –

angle is 20°C and most common spiral angle rf2 rL2

is 35°.

113. Consider the following statements: rf = outer radius

S

angle to the axis of rotation of the gears. Thus, both radial & tangential stream are

1. Helix angle introduces another ratio called compressive.

IE

axial contact ratio. 115. In case the number of teeth on two bevel gears

2. Transverse contact ratio is equal to axial in mesh is 30 and 60 respectively, then the

contact ratio in helical gears. pitch cone angle of the gear will be

3. Large transverse contact ratio does not allow

multiple teeth to share the load. (a) tan–1 2 (b) tan1 2

2

4. Large axial contact ratio will cause larger

axial force component.

(c) tan1 0.5 (d) tan–1 0.5

Which of the above statements are correct? 2

(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 4 (d) 3 and 4 Ans. (a)

Ans. (d)

where is angle between two shafts.

Sol. Helical gears have two contact ratios i.e. Axial

contact ratio & transverse contact ratio. Both

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leakage of oil is not a problem.

TG

1 60

P2 = tan = tan1 118. Consider the following statements in connection

TP 30

with thrust bearings:

= tan–1 (2) 1. Cylindrical thrust bearings have higher

116. In skew bevel gears, the axes are coefficient of friction than ball thrust bearings.

(a) non-parallel and non-intersecting, and teeth 2. Taper rollers cannot be employed for thrust

R

are curved bearings.

(b) non-parallel and non-intersecting, and teeth 3. Double-row thrust ball bearing is not

are straight possible.

(c) intersecting, and teeth are curved and

oblique

(d) intersecting, and teeth are curved and can

be ground

TE 4. Lower race, outer race and retainer are

readily separate in thrust bearings.

Which of the above statements are correct?

(a) 1 and 2

(c) 3 and 4

(b) 2 and 3

(d) 1 and 4

AS

Ans. (a)

Ans. (d)

Sol. In skew bevel gears, the axes are non-parallel

and non-intersecting, and teeth are curved. Sol. • Cylindrical thrust bearings have higher

117. Consider that modern machines mostly use coefficeint of friction than ball thrust bearings

short bearings due to the following reasons: • Both taper roller & double row thrust ball

M

range of 1/4 to 2 119. The behaviour of metals in which strength of a

2. No end leakage of oil from the bearing metal is increased and the ductility is decreased

3. Shaft deflection and misalignment do not on heating at a relatively low temperature after

affect the operation cold-working is known as

S

4. Can be applied to both hydro-dynamic and (a) clustering (b) strain aging

hydrostatic cases (c) twinning (d) screw dislocation

IE

Ans. (c)

(a) 1 and 4 (b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3 (d) 2 and 4 Sol. Twi nni ng i s a pl ane def e ct where

arrangement of atoms on either side of a

Ans. (c)

twin plane are identical. Twinning occurs

either as mechanical twinning or Annealing

Sol. • A long bearing is where d ( = length d

twins during annealing heat treatment.

= diameter) Twinning increases strength & reduces

A shaft bearing has advantages such as (i) ductility as twin planes hinders the movement

shaft deflection and misalignment do not of dislocations.

affect operation (ii) compact design (iii) Run 120. If the equivalent load in case of a radial ball

cooler. However, end leakage is a problem. bearing is 500 N and the basic dynamic load

On the other hand, long bearings have rating is 62500 N, then L10 life of this bearing

greater load carrying capacity and end

Telephone : 011-41013406, Mobile : 8130909220, 9711853908, 7838813406

Web : www.iesmaster.org E-mail : ies_master@yahoo.co.in

is

(a) 1.953 million of revolutions

(b) 3.756 million of revolutions

(c) 6.953 million of revolutions

R

(d) 9.765 million of revolutions

Ans. (a)

TE

Sol. Use of a ball bearing is given as:

k

c

L10 =

w

where L10 = life in million revolutions

AS

c = Basic dynamic load rating

w = equivalent dynamic load

k = 3 for ball bearing

3

62500

L10 =

M

500

= (125)3 = 1953125

1.953125 million of revolution

S

IE

Telephone : 011-41013406, Mobile : 8130909220, 9711853908, 7838813406

Web : www.iesmaster.org E-mail : ies_master@yahoo.co.in

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