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December 2013

See Page 8 for

Page 9 for
and the
Training Schedule

Americans have so much to be thankful for, and it is

wonderful that a day has been set aside to remember that
fact. Hopefully, you all had the opportunity to enjoy the
Thanksgiving celebration surrounded by family and friends.
All of us at GA-454 are extremely thankful for the growth of
the Squadron and look forward to a multitude of training and
activities will be scheduled in the coming months. The
month of December is already filled with a multitude of

Inside this issue:

Rest in Peace

History of CAP

In the Spotlight
Trip to Robins AFB
Aviation Museum

ES Ground Team
Cold Weather FTX

Honor our Veterans

Important Guidelines
Training Schedule


Aerospace Education


So You Want to be
A Pilot




Called to Service Volunteer Service


The *uts & Bolts of



The Doolittle Raiders


ORMs Six Steps


CAP Safety Pledge


to all



Volunteer Service,
Excellence, &


The first activity is CAP Sunday which will take place

on Sunday, 1 December. We will be meeting at
Sanctuary, 700 Mars Hill Road, Kennesaw, Ga. 30152
at 11:15 a.m. in order to attend the 11:30 service. The
services normally last until about 12:45 p.m. Please
visit the Squadron website (
squadron-calendar/cap-Sunday-registration) to sign up
so that a seat will be reserved for you and your guest(s).
The uniform for the day will be blues.
The second big event will take place on Friday, 6
December. Cadets, Senior Members, families, and
friends will be celebrating the Squadrons 1st Annual
Awards Ceremony and Holiday Banquet. The
festivities will also take place at the Sanctuary, 700
Mars Hill Road, Kennesaw, GA. From 1900 - 2100 hrs.
Please go to the website and sign-up ASAP. The
uniform for the day will also be blues..
Promotions will be included in our 1st Annual Awards
Ceremony and Holiday Banquet on 6 December so
All Cadets are encouraged to promote!
During the Ceremony, the new Squadron patch will be
revealed and all who have signed up on the website and
attend the Ceremony/Banquet will receive their first
patch for free!

Lt Col
Tom Berg


The next day, Saturday, 7 December, there will be a

Museum/Squadron Open House from 0900 - 1500 hrs.
3. The third big event for December will take place on
Saturday, 14 December from 0800 - 1330 hrs. GA-454
Senior Members and Cadets will be participating in
Wreaths Across America at the National Veterans
Cemetery in Canton, GA. Our Squadron has chosen to
honor the deceased heroes that have been interred at the
National Cemetery in Canton, GA, and by
representation, all of the countrys veterans regardless
of what continent they are buried on. To understand
how we will be honoring them, please visit:
Wreaths Across America:
TR? Fr_id=1454&pg+entry#UoJZneKnewE.
Please check Page 7 to see how you can be a part of this
wonderful opportunity to honor our veterans.
December will be a month filled with wonderful activities
for GA-454. Please go to the Squadron website now so
that you can sign-up and be an active participant in all
the events.

The CAP *ational website is
The GAWG website is


Group I, Georgia Wing,
Southeast Region

On Tuesday morning, 26 November, family and friends filled the Good Shepherd Funeral
Home in Rome, Georgia to mourn the passing and celebrate the life of former Georgia Wing
Commander Colonel Tonya Boylan. The room was packed to capacity. It was filled with
family, friends, representatives from all levels of CAP, and a multitude of CAP members who
have worked with Tonya in one capacity or another. It was quite apparent that all were
saddened by her sudden and unexpected passing.

Before the ceremony, an ongoing video displayed a multitude of photos which shared
Tonyas love of life with all who were there.
The ceremony began and ended with a CAP Honor Guard which included C/CMSgt
Tommy Boylan, Tonya and Phils youngest son. During the ceremony, he both presented
and removed the urn. He also placed a folded American flag in front of the urn.
Rev. Brad Prater, aka Captain Prater in CAP, respectfully led the service. He shared the
thought that in a time of sadness, the tendency is to mourn; however, that is only a part of
the picture. He encouraged all to honor the memory of Tonya by remembering her many
accomplishments and contributions to life. He encouraged all to celebrate Tonyas life.
Toward the conclusion of the service, members of the family shared the love they had for
Tonya. The tidbits of Tonyas life shared by her sister (Tami Litton), by Phils brother
(David Boylan), by Tonya and Phils eldest son (Phillip Adam Boylan), and by her husband
(Phil Boylan) brought great honor to Tonya and helped all to understand how much Tonya
was loved and will be missed.
The music which was played during the ceremony was selected from Celtic music which
Tonya loved.

The loving ceremony dedicated to Tonya Boylan was extremely moving. It was definitely a
tribute to one who touched so many through her love of family, friends, and the Civil Air
Patrol. Her desire to serve the community, state, and nation was extremely honorable and will
be long remembered.


Page 2

April 29,
November 20,

History of Civil Air Patrol

In the late 1930s, more than 150,000 volunteers with a love for aviation argued for an
organization to put their planes and flying skills to use in defense of their country. As a result,
the Civil Air Patrol was born one week prior to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Thousands
of volunteer members answered America's call to national service and sacrifice by accepting
and performing critical wartime missions. Assigned to the War Department under the
jurisdiction of the Army Air Corps, the contributions of Civil Air Patrol, including logging
more than 500,000 flying hours, sinking two enemy submarines, and saving hundreds of crash
victims during World War II, are well documented.
After the war, a thankful nation understood that Civil Air Patrol could continue providing
valuable services to both local and national agencies. On July 1, 1946, President Harry Truman
signed Public Law 476 incorporating Civil Air Patrol as a benevolent, nonprofit
organization. On May 26, 1948, Congress passed Public Law 557 permanently establishing
Civil Air Patrol as the auxiliary of the new U.S. Air Force. Three primary mission areas were
set forth at that time: aerospace education, cadet programs, and emergency services.

Civil Air Patrol: A Proud Legacy Continues

From Maj Gen Charles L. Carr, CAP *atl Commander
Civil Air Patrol enjoys a proud legacy of selfless sacrifice and service to country and community that spans
decades. The first Civil Air Patrol members of 1941 were a heroic breed, men and women who served their
country by sinking or chasing away German submarines off America's East and Gulf coasts. As a result of their
bravery, patriotism and tenacity, CAP subchasers effectively thwarted German U-boat attacks and, in the process,
saved countless lives.
Today, CAP handles 90 percent of inland search and rescue missions, with approximately 75 lives saved each year.
Our members are generally the first on the scene transmitting satellite digital images of the damage within seconds
around the world and providing disaster relief and emergency services following natural and manmade disasters,
including such phenomena as 9/11, Hurricane Katrina, Texas and Oklahoma wildfires, tornadoes in the south and
central U.S., North Dakota flash flooding and the October 2006 earthquake in Hawaii, as well as humanitarian
missions along the U.S. and Mexican border.
In addition, CAP members are dedicated to counterdrug reconnaissance and to teaching a new generation about
aerospace and its impact on our future. And our cadet programs ensure our youth receive some of the finest
leadership training the nation has to offer.
Unlike our founding CAP fathers, many of whom flew their own airplanes and performed life-threatening missions
without any formal training, our more than 60,000 members are now provided with top-notch, year-round
professional development training opportunities and with aircraft equipped with the most advanced technologies
available for search and rescue.
Indeed, Civil Air Patrol makes a huge impact each and every day, going above and beyond to make a profound
difference in America's communities. As a vigilant CAP volunteer, you save lives and preserve liberty for all.
Page 3

15 December will be a special day for Lt Col Jim Card. That was the day, 55 years ago, that C/AB Card joined
On the 15th of December, 1958, C/AB Jim Card joined the Auburn Composite Squadron in the Maine Wing. He
was 15 years old and a Boy Scout. A friend from school encouraged him to attend, and Jim quickly decided to stay
because It was a challenge not found elsewhere.
In about two years, he reached the highest grade offered at that time. He received the General Billy Mitchell
Award and became a C/2Lt. His years as a Cadet included service as a Cadet Commander, Executive Officer, and
Flight Commander, in addition to his participation in three Summer Encampments which were held at Loring AFB.
In October of 1963, as a Senior Member at the Mc Dill Cadet Squadron in the Florida Wing, he entered the United
States Air Force. In the service, he was an Aircraft Mechanic who worked himself up to the grade of Master
Sergeant. Even then, he was more content doing the work, rather than standing in the limelight as the boss. After
twenty years of service, in 1983, MSgt Card retired from the USAF.
Throughout the years, he has always excelled in his service to Civil Air Patrol in its Missions for America. In many
ways, Lt Col Card is an unsung hero. He prefers to serve silently, a practice which is based on his deeply religious
beliefs. Throughout the years, Lt Col Card always strives to do his best in whatever opportunity he has to be of
service. He has a strong belief that both civilians and people with military backgrounds are valuable assets in
CAPs Missions for America, as long as their egos do not get in the way.
Throughout his 55 years in CAP, Lt Col Cards accomplishments are many.
He has served in the following Wings: Maine, Florida, California, New York, South Carolina, and in the Overseas
Wing in England. In addition, he has served actively with the Georgia Wing since 1992.
At Squadron Level, he has served a total of 16 years in the following capacities: Leadership Officer (4 years),
Deputy Commander for Cadets (6 years), Activities Officer (3 years), Testing Officer (8 years) and Squadron
Commander (7 years).
At Wing Level, he has served a total of 28 years. He has served in the following capacities at Wing Level:
Licensing Officer, Assistant IG, Assistant Director of Communications, and Director of Communications.
In addition to his many other accomplishments, Lt Col Card has served in 53 Encampments. At five
different Encampments, he served as the Encampment Commander, and throughout the years, he has served in
every capacity with the exception of Chaplain and Medical Officer.
When asked what special advice he would like to pass on to others, he said Set your goals in levels. Its like
climbing a mountain. Climb the first hill, then rest. Then continue on. If you set your goal too far, you will lose
interest. Above all, maintain your standards, and always strive for the best. Stick it out and always do your best to
support this great organization, the Civil Air Patrol.

Participating in a CAP Training Weekend

at the Catoosa Natl Guard Training Facility
in Ringgold, Georgia

Page 4

Lt Col Card, all of your friends at the

Marietta Air Museum Cadet
Squadron congratulate you at this
great milestone - fifty-five years of
continuous service in the Civil Air
Patrol. You stand as a symbol of
dedication, service, and what can be
accomplished when a person strives At Tyndall AFB after participation in the
for excellence.
National Engineering College

On Saturday, 9 November 2013, a beautiful Georgia Fall day, Cadets and Senior Officers from the Marietta Air
Museum Cadet Squadron, and Lt Col Jim Card, GAWG Assistant Director of Communications, discovered the
excitement of visiting the incredible Robins AFB Aviation Museum. Included in the group were two former Air
Force aircraft mechanics who provided some real personal context to the aircraft and other displays which are at
the museum.
The museum has an incredible array of aircraft from military, civilian and foreign sources. It provides an excellent
Aerospace Education experience. The array is comprised of the earliest of aircraft, WWI and WWII aircraft, as
well as aircraft through the jet age which incorporates today's aircraft and aviation pioneers, including the Georgia
Aviation Hall of Fame inductees, like Atlanta's own Pat Epps. It even includes aircraft like the SR-71, which was
formerly flown by AF pilots who qualified as legitimate astronauts.
A special treat for the GA454 Commander was the F-4 MacDonald-Douglas Phantom which was the first model
aircraft he built; however, the aircraft was even more special to Lt Col Jim Card. In addition to his celebration on
15 December of 55 years of service in CAP, Lt Col Card was excited to be reunited with the very F-4 on which he
served as Crew Chief in Viet Nam.
The trip to Robins from Marietta was long, and in most cases, a long drive can be so boring that many people fall
asleep along the way. This did not happen with our Cadets. They rose to the challenge! During the trip, they
memorized the entire Phonetic Alphabet, and practiced their new-found skills by phonetically spelling out the
letters on cars' license plates, as well as on road signs along the way.
Since there were two vehicles used for the trip, a CAP van and a private vehicle, an additional challenge for the
trip was provided with the introduction of the protocol, requirements, and nuances of CAP Radio Communications.
Under the supervision of the GAWG Assistant Director of Communications, the Cadets communicated between
the two vehicles by ISR. The Cadets learned and practiced routine CAP radio procedure protocol, nomenclature
and pro-words. By the time we arrived at the museum, our newest cadet, C/AB Whitney Reuschel, a member for
only 48 hours at the time, proved she is a "strack cadet" by not only mastering the phonetic alphabet but also
becoming instantly proficient at CAP radio procedures. Her confidence while broadcasting was immediately
obvious. She displayed more confidence than many senior members with 20 years of membership, a fact noticed
by the Squadron Commander (with 33 years experience), the Deputy Commander (with 18 years experience), and
the GAWG Assistant Director of Communications (a member for 55 years).
There were many learning opportunities during this Squadron activity, not to mention the absolute fun that was had
by all. However, the biggest lesson learned was "Don't miss ANY Squadron activities!" There is ALWAYS
something to be gained. Be sure to ask the Squadron members who are currently on the Cold Weather Field
Training Exercise (FTX) when they arrive home. There is no doubt that they will tell you that you should attend
EVERY meeting and training event possible.
For the New Year, make this one of your New Year's Resolutions: "I will attend EVERY CAP meeting and
training opportunity possible because that will make me a better CAP member, and a better United States citizen!"

Page 5

With Christiana Shoop, Emergency Services Officer

On November 15 and 16, members of the Marietta Air Museum Cadet Squadron participated in
basic ground team training. We could not have asked for a better FTX (field training exercise)!
1. The rain stopped by the time we got to the area we would be working in on Friday night.
2. The bright full moon came out and gave us the luxury of minimal lights during our hike.
3. We also had the privilege of watching a mountain fog roll in.
4. On Saturday, the team practiced searching for an ELT at an actual airport.
5. We concluded the day by using search line and hasty search skills during a simulated
aircraft and missing person search.
6. Another benefit for those who participated is that they have fulfilled the requirement to
complete a cold weather overnight FTX before going to the annual Frostbite exercise.
7. The best part of the training is that several of our cadets are well on their way to becoming
fully qualified ground team members!

1. Complete OPSEC (operational security)

2. Complete CAP Test 116 pt. 1General Emergency Services (GES)
3. Get the Ground and Urban DF (Direction Finding) Team Task Guide and begin studying tasks.
4. Begin getting tasks signed off.
To obtain your SQTR worksheet (after you set up your e-services account):
Go to, click on e-services (left side), and sign in. #ear the bottom of the left hand menu
there is a link for My Operations Qualifications. Follow the link and select entry/view worksheet (left hand
menu). Select the rating in the search box. To use these SQTRs for sign-offs, click print SQTR worksheet on the
upper right hand side.
Task sign-offs require individual study and effort.
5. Begin assembling your GT equipment
For the GTM3 rating, a large amount of equipment is required. Some can be obtained from supply, some you will
already have, and some you will have to buy. For a detailed list, see the task guide. For some detailed advice, ask
any qualified GTM. Do not rush out and buy tons of equipment. Wait until you have completed some of the other
tasks and make sure you are interested enough to spend the money on the equipment.
Trainee Status
This means that you have completed the GES test and have an SQTR that has the sections labeled Prerequisites,
Commander Approval for Prerequisites, Familiarization and Preparatory Training, and Commander Approval
for Familiarization and Preparatory Training signed, entered into e-Services, and reflected in your record and on
your 101 card. (This means the entire sections and includes all tasks associated with them.) This will show that
you are legitimately a qualified trainee. (As a trainee, you may participate in SAREXs and, in some cases, actual
It is expected that you keep a paper copy of your SQTR with original signatures from your evaluators. The
sections of your paper SQTR worksheet that involve "Commander Approval" should be signed by the squadron
commander. Once it is signed, you need to enter the date in the online version of the worksheet.
To print blank SQTR sheets and record task sign-offs or commander approvals:
Go to, click on e-services (left side), and sign in. #ear the bottom of the left hand menu
there is a link for My Operations Qualifications. Follow the link and select entry/view worksheet (left hand
menu). Select the rating in the search box. To use these SQTRs for sign-offs, click print SQTR worksheet on the
upper right hand side. To enter tasks, put the CAP ID# of the evaluator and the date in the appropriate boxes.
Please note that after the completion of any section on your SQTR, it is recommended that you send a copy of the
SQTR sheet to the squadron ES Officer.
Please direct questions to: Christiana Shoop, Capt., CAP
Page 6


On the 22nd of November, we reflected upon the event that happened 50 years ago in Dallas, Texas. Those of us
who were alive then know EXACTLY where we were when we first heard about the shooting of President
Kennedy. Yet, even that episode would not have been possible had it not been for the service and sacrifice of
veterans in every generation of Americans.
Please take a few moments to consider our countrys heroes through the centuries.
Our Squadron, the Marietta Air Museum Cadet Squadron, has chosen to honor the deceased heroes that have been
interred at the National Cemetery in Canton, GA, and by representation, all of the countrys veterans regardless of
what continent they are buried on. To understand how we will be honoring them, please visit:
Wreaths Across America: Fr_id=1454&pg+entry#UoJZneKnewE.
There you can read about the goals of Remember, Honor, Teach, as well as visit many of its videos to gain or
regain an understanding of the honor these heroes deserve.
And IF you feel led to honor them yourselves, the members of GA454 would appreciate your support of this effort
and the Squadrons efforts by sponsoring one of the wreaths we will be placing on Saturday, 14 December 2013.
There are 7,000+ veterans now buried at this cemetery. Last year when we participated, there were only 6,000. It
is unfathomable that weve lost 1,000 or more this past year just in this one cemetery, and there are hundreds of
veterans cemeteries around the world. Nearly all of the World War II veterans have now passed. In fact, of the
flight crew members that flew the B-25s in Jimmy Doolittles raid of Tokyo, only four remain. In 1972, while I
was at the United States Air Force Academy as a freshman, more than half of them were still alive. I am
tremendously saddened by their demise.
You can honor them, their compatriots, and support this effort and the Squadron by sponsoring one wreath that we
can place on a heros headstone. In order to support this cause, please go to:*ationalWreathsAcrossAmericaDay/General?team_id=1454#.UoJZZ3KnemF
I invite you to participate by personally attending and placing a wreath on a headstone, or several, saying a prayer
of thanksgiving for the hero and a prayer of blessing upon his/her family members who now miss him/her. No
matter where you are, there is an opportunity for you to personally honor them. Visit the first link above, and click
on Locations to find the closest or most meaningful location near you.
Please feel free to share this information with every family member, friend, acquaintance and comrade that you
know. Since the ceremony is rapidly approaching, and wreaths need to be ordered, made and shipped, there is
some urgency to your response.
Thank you.

Thank them!

Thomas R. Berg, Lt Col, CAP

Commander, Marietta Air Museum Cadet Squadron (GA454), Georgia Wing
Team Leader, National Promotions and Awards Team, Civil Air Patrol

Page 7

Important Guidelines
In order to set-up an e-Services account:
Go to
Select the >Members<link.
This will take you to the members section at
On the members page, select the >e-Services<link on the left side of the page.
This link will take you to the e-Services Sign-In webpage where you will establish your account.
Just follow the instructions. You will have to agree to the OPSEC statement to establish the account.
*ew CAP eService Module Where Do I Start?: A new module was recently added at the bottom of the left
window in eServices. The title is Where Do I Start? It provides helpful information about becoming pilots/
aircrews, ground team members, on professional development, duty promotions and includes many helpful
links. To access CAP eServices visit
Where can new Cadets go for basic information to get started in CAP?
What resource can new Senior Members consult for information about getting started in CAP?
Consult CAPs Great Start Guide for Adults
To Obtain a CAP Drivers License: In accordance to the revision of CAPR77-1, the Drivers License
module will be coming to OPS Qualifications as an update to the 101 Card. The application will be located on
eservices under My Operations Qualifications Drivers License module (CAP Utilities) or Operations
Qualifications Drivers License Module (Restricted Application). All members will have the ability to input
their own information. The new procedure for obtaining and renewing a CAP drivers license will require that
all entries be approved by your region/wing/unit commander or designated representative.
Step by step instructions to upload your photo for use on official CAP items are as follows:
1. Go to Login to eServices
2. Inside eServices click on CAP Photo Upload under CAP Utilities.
3. Click the "Browse" button and go to where the picture file is located on your computer.
4. Double click the picture file and click the "Continue to Crop" button.
5. Resize and drag the box to highlight your head and shoulders. (This will be the portion that is saved for
your photo) Click Crop Photo. Make sure you are satisfied with your new CAP photo. It will then be
submitted to your unit commander for validation.
MO*THLY DUES - Beginning in September
$5 for Senior Members
$2 for Cadets
Help to properly arrange the Civil Air Patrol ribbons: Squadron Rack-Builder
Online store for uniforms and supplies:
If someone already has ACUT/BCUT, they only need to take the OP1 module in ICUT and the 101 card will be
updated. If someone does not already hold ACUT, then all three sections of ICUT plus the skills evaluation will be needed
before ICUT appears on the 101 card.
On the left side of the eServices web page, click on "Learning Management System". Select "Communications" in the
"Filter by Functional Area" box. The only selection in "Communications" is "Introductory Communications User Training
Read the introductions and go through the 5 required sections (underlined) of "OP1". After taking the exam (the fifth
underlined section), go back and select "T1" and go through all the sections of that module and then do the same for "OP2".
Then go to Ops Quals. Note that ICUT is in the Communications section, not the ES section. There is a new section in
the left menu for Communications Qualifications Entry (below the Pilot section). For the moment, ICUT is the only thing in the
pull-down menu in this section.
Page 8

December 2013
5 Dec


D&C (20 min)

Character Development

1 Dec - CAP Sunday

6 Dec
1st Annual Awards
& Holiday
7 Dec - Open House


D&C (20 min)

Aerospace Education

PT Gear
19 Dec

D&C (20 min)




14 Dec
Wreaths Across America



@ Arrival
26 Dec

2 Jan

Special Combined Meeting - Substitute Fifth Thursday

1 Dec 11:15

CAP Sunday at Sanctuary (Mars Hill Rd & Due West Rd)

6 Dec 1900-2100

1st Annual Holiday Party & Awards Banquet at Sanctuary

7 Dec 0900-1500

Museum and Squadron Open Houses, Helicopter Rides

14 Dec 0800-1330
JA*UARY 2014
2 Jan
4 Jan
1 Feb
21-23 Feb
Page 9


Wreaths Across America @ *atl Veterans Cemetery-Canton, GA,

Special Combined Meeting - Substitute Fifth Thursday
Marietta Museum of History, Aviation Wing Open House
Recruiting and Work Party
Marietta Museum of History, Aviation Wing Open House
Recruiting and Work Party

0800 - 1330


From CAP Knowledge Base - Published 03/05/2003 09:18 AM | Updated 10/15/2013 12:14 PM | Answer ID: 789

The minimum age for a CAP pilot is 16 with exceptions for balloon or glider pilots.
However, cadets of all ages are encouraged to participate in the cadet orientation
flight program. Ask at your unit or wing about how you can participate in this
program. Note: A student pilot certificate cannot be obtained until a person reaches
the age of 16 years (in powered aircraft) or 14 years (in gliders and balloons. See 14
CFR Part 61 61.83)
See pilot requirements in CAPR 60-1 CAP Flight Management 12 December 2012.
3-7. Classification of CAP Pilots. CAP pilots may operate a CAP aircraft according
to the classification of their experience and skills as follows:
a. CAP Solo Pilot.
(1)Possess a current student pilot certificate with solo endorsements in accordance
with 14 CFR Part 61 from a CAP Instructor Pilot in the make and model aircraft
(2) For gliders, a minimum of 30 dual glider instruction flights prior to solo. Glider
encampment/academy students are restricted from completing solo the first time
they attend.
Also see below Paragraph 8-5a of CAPR 52-16 Cadet Program Management 21
December 2012.
8-5. Cadet Orientation Flights. The Cadet Orientation Flight Programs primary goal is
to introduce youth to general aviation through hands-on orientation flights in single
engine aircraft and gliders.
a. Eligibility. Cadets may fly as much as possible, but normally only five powered
flights and five glider flights will be reimbursed. Wing commanders may authorize
reimbursements for additional flights. More than one cadet may fly per sortie,
depending upon the aircrafts capability. Cadets are authorized an unlimited number
of backseat flights; they do not lose any of their syllabus flights by observing another
cadets flight from the backseat. The program is limited to current CAP cadets under
18 years of age. However, cadets aged 18 and older may participate in military
orientation flights.

Page 10

With Captain Sam Sheffield, Pilot and Group I Aerospace Education Officer

This could be YOU!!!

So, youre a pilot? This has been the start of many conversations with friends, co-workers, and strangers over
the last ten years. How hard is it? How long does it take? Is it scary? How expensive? Do you own a plane?
Can you rent planes?
Ive always wanted to do that is another thing that I often hear when someone learns that Im a pilot. I hope that
what I share with you will be informative, interesting, and will help to motivate you to leave the ranks of want-tobe pilots, and join the ranks of flying pilots.

The Airframe and Power Plant Mechanics License

Many questions about aircraft often involve their maintenance. Who typically works on aircraft?
What careers exist for aircraft mechanics?
The rules vary based on aircraft type and use, but most aircraft maintenance is performed by
individuals who are known as airframe and power plant (A&P) mechanics. A&P mechanics are
licensed by the Federal Aviation Administration to work on certified aircraft that are used for private
or commercial flying. Pilots who own their own aircraft may only perform basic maintenance.
Individuals that do not have an A&P license may only work on aircraft that they do not own if they
are supervised by an A&P mechanic and their work is then approved by the A&P.
How does someone become an A&P mechanic? Aircraft mechanics must meet a number of
requirements to earn their license. They must have at least 30 months of experience working on
aircraft under the supervision of a licensed mechanic, or attend an FAA recognized aircraft
maintenance technician school. Many people gather some of this experience while serving in the
military. Civilian aviation mechanic schools normally last from 18 to 24 months. A&P candidates
must also pass a written examination, an oral exam, and a practical exam.
Jobs for A&P mechanics vary widely. Some work at small airfields on privately owned general
aviation aircraft. Others may work on large commercial aircraft for airlines or even for the FAA as
inspectors. Many own their own shops and are their own bosses. Typical A&P mechanics often
make between $50,000 and $70,000 per year based on their experience and the type of aircraft that
they maintain.
How should individuals that are interested in becoming aircraft mechanics prepare? While in high
school, prospective mechanics should take courses in math, physics, chemistry, electronics, and
mechanical drawing when available. Writing classes are also useful because most mechanics must
submit detailed written reports in their work. Prospective A&P mechanics should also talk early to
admissions officers at accredited aviation technical schools to learn about admissions requirements.
Most of the best jobs in this field require at least a high school diploma and an A&P license. Many
also require a two or four year degree from an aviation or aircraft maintenance technology school.
Happy flying!
From -
And -
Coosa Valley in Rome -
Page 11


Cap Cadet regulations do not specially address wind chill factors during outside activities, but do stress the safety
of Cadets during all Cadet activities. To determine risk of exposure to cold weather, the National Weather Service
issues a Wind Chill Warning when wind chill temperatures are expected to reach -10 degrees F or colder, with a
minimum wind speed of about 10 mph.
Note: Cadets may not have all cold weather gear items, and exposure times should be reduced accordingly.
Wind Chill Index - Wind chill is based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused by the combined efforts
of wind and cold. As the wind speed increases, heat is carried away from the body at an accelerated rate, driving
down the body temperature. The wind chill temperature, an apparent temperature, gives us a better estimate of
how cold it really feels outside. The measure of the rate of heat loss based on air temperatures and wind speeds is
not a temperature, but it allows us to understand how quickly heat is lost to the wind.
Cold Exposure Reduction - Advisory work/rest schedules and practices in a cold environment.
may reduce cold exposure:

The following

Elimination of non-essential outdoor tasks

Where possible, performing tasks indoors
Provision of temporary shelter for essential outdoors work, preferably heated
Increasing the number of personnel allocated to a task and operating a rotational duty system.
Layered protective clothing systems are available to both aircrew and ground crew.

Saying NO to Drugs is Saying YES to Self-respect.

The attempt to negatively influence another person is often referred to as peer pressure.
However, why be a follower and do what others negatively say,
when one can be the leader
and exert positive peer pressure for freedom from drugs and alcohol.
Page 12

With Major Ilana Mor, Character Development Instructor

Novembers Character Development lesson was about one of CAPs Core Values, Volunteer Service. The spirit of
volunteerism is the willingness and ability to give of oneself, sometimes at personal sacrifice. It goes beyond
simply giving time. It extends to the willingness to obey the rules and regulations of CAP, to have respect for
fellow members and organizations, to practice self-discipline so you may give your all, and finally to have faith.
This includes faith in your ability, in the people around you, and in CAP. Rolled together, it means to treat your
volunteer service in CAP with as much respect and attention as you do your professional career, schoolwork, and
family obligations.

CASE STUDY - Called to Service - Volunteer Service

Every May, the Buffalo Education Foundation holds a large fundraiser in the local community. The
money raised is used to support youth organizations and local schools. The Buffalo Cadet Squadron has
volunteered at this event for the last seven years, and has received several thousand dollars from the Foundation
each year in return for their service.
In April, the Foundation asked Buffalo Squadron to provide radio operators, establish a communications
center, and control several nets simultaneously for this year's all-day event. When the activity was announced at a
Cadet meeting, twelve Cadets volunteered to volunteer at the event. When the big day arrived, only three Cadets
showed up. It was nearly impossible to run the radio net with only three volunteers. The Cadets had to rely on
Senior Members to fill in key positions to meet their commitment to the Foundation.
At the next Cadet meeting, the Cadet Commander was furious. She asked the Cadets who volunteered
why they didn't keep their promise to attend. A long list of excuses flowed in. The list included: staying out too
late the night before, having too much homework, forgetting to ask their parents for permission, being unable to
find a ride, and having to attend a family dinner.
The Cadet Commander berated all the Cadets for their selfishness and lack of support. She reprimanded
the group for not demonstrating CAP's Core Values of Volunteer Service, Integrity, Excellence, and Respect. She
told them that it was their own fault if the Squadron did not receive funds from the Foundation for the current year.

FAPS ANALYSIS - After identifying the Facts during the FAPS Analysis, the GA454 Cadets said that they
assumed that the Case Study Cadets were not devoted and their excuses were not valid. They concluded that those
Cadets were not responsible and that they lacked integrity. GA454 Cadets said that the solution was to try to
motivate the Case Study Cadets more effectively.


What impact did the Cadets actions have on the Squadrons fundraising and community service efforts?

Not as much money was collected.

It would limit the number of fundraisers and involvement in community service.

If you find that you can not attend an event you have volunteered for, how should you handle the situation?

Contact the activity coordinator and any others that need to be notified.
Tell a leader and apologize.

How could the Cadets in this situation model the Core Values of Volunteer Service and Integrity?

Would the response of this Cadet Commander make you more or less likely to volunteer at future events?

Uphold your promise. Do not give excuses. Plan ahead and show up on time.
Less likely.
Less, because nobody likes to get yelled at and they dont want to make the same mistake twice.
More. Her response makes us know that she counts on us to volunteer.

How could the Cadet Commander in this situation model the Core Value of Respect?

Tell the Cadets that by not letting the Activity Coordinator know that they were unable to attend was not being
respectful of the Coordinators time and efforts put forth to put together the activity.
By not yelling at the Cadets. Tell them why they shouldnt volunteer for something if they are not going to attend.

What can you do in your Squadron to increase participation in community volunteer service projects?

Set a good example to motivate perspective volunteers.

Recommend more people; you yourself go. Put others before yourself.
Make the activities fun!
Motivate, cooperate, have fun!
Have different prize and go out to different fun events.

The next time you are called to volunteer, be sure to ask yourself: Which is more important, service to the
community, state, and nation or to your own personal desires? When volunteer members are asked to make
sacrifices in CAP, it is essential to stay consistent to CAPs Core Values.
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C/AB, C/Amn, C/AIC, C/SrA


Displays a positive attitude; optimistic; enthusiastic; is team oriented.


Aware of trhe Core Values; honest; wears uniform properly; practices customs
and courtesies


Listens actively; attentive; asks good questions


Follows directions; dependable; arrives ready to learn and serve; effective in

managing own time

C/SSgt, C/TSgt, C/MSgt, C/SMSgt, C/CMSgt


Maintains a positive attitude and encourages good attitudes in others; does not
flaunt rank or authority


Displays a commitment to the Core Values; promotes team spirit,

professionalism, and good sportsmanship as a team leader


Proficient in informal public speaking (i.e. in giving directions to and training

junior cadets)


Enforces standards; trustworthy in supervising a small team and leading them

in fulfillment of a series of simple tasks; given a plan, is able to carry it out


Guides and coaches junior cadets; recognizes when junio cadets need help;
leads by examples; is not a boss


I pledge that I will serve faithfully
in the Civil Air Patrol Cadet Program,
and that I will attend meetings regularly,
participate actively in unit activities,
obey my officers,
wear my uniform properly,
and advance my education
and training rapidly
to prepare myself to be of service
to my community, state, and nation.
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DAYTON, Ohio Known as the Doolittle Raiders, the 80 men who risked their lives on a World War II bombing
mission on Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbor were toasted one last time by their surviving comrades and
honored with a Veterans Day weekend of fanfare shared by thousands. Three of the four surviving Raiders
attended the toast Saturday at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Their late commander, Lt. Gen. James
"Jimmy" Doolittle, started the tradition but they decided this autumn's ceremony would be their last.
"May they rest in peace," Lt. Col. Richard Cole, 98, said before he and fellow Raiders -- Lt. Col. Edward Saylor, 93,
and Staff Sgt. David Thatcher, 92 -- sipped cognac from specially engraved silver goblets. The 1896 cognac was
saved for the occasion after being passed down from Doolittle.
Hundreds invited to the ceremony, including family members of deceased Raiders, watched as the three each
called out "here" as a historian read the names of all 80 of the original airmen.
The fourth surviving Raider, Lt. Col. Robert Hite, 93, couldn't travel to Ohio because of health problems. But son
Wallace Hite said his father, wearing a Raiders blazer and other traditional garb for their reunions, made his own
salute to the fallen with a silver goblet of wine at home in Nashville, Tenn., earlier in the week. Hite is the last
survivor of eight Raiders who were captured by Japanese soldiers. Three were executed; another died in captivity.
A B-25 bomber flyover helped cap an afternoon memorial tribute in which a wreath was placed at the Doolittle
Raider monument outside the museum. Museum officials estimated some 10,000 people turned out for Veterans
Day weekend events honoring the 1942 mission credited with rallying American morale and throwing the Japanese
off balance.
Acting Air Force Secretary Eric Fanning said America was at a low point, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
and other Axis successes, before "these 80 men who showed the nation that we were nowhere near defeat." He
noted that all volunteered for a mission with high risks throughout, from the launch of B-25 bombers from a carrier at
sea, the attack on Tokyo, and lack of fuel to reach safe bases.
The Raiders have said they didn't realize at the time that their mission would be considered an important event in
turning the war's tide. It inflicted little major damage physically, but changed Japanese strategy while firing up
Americans. "It was what you do ... over time, we've been told what effect our raid had on the war and the morale of
the people," Saylor said in an interview. The Brussett, Mont., native who now lives in Puyallup, Wash., said he was
one of the lucky ones. There were a whole bunch of guys in World War II; a lot of people didn't come back," he
said. Thatcher, of Missoula, Mont., said the raid just seemed like "one of many bombing missions" during the war.
The most harrowing part for him was the crash landing of his plane, depicted in the movie "Thirty Seconds over
Tokyo." Cole, of Comfort, Texas, was Doolittle's co-pilot that day. Three crew members died as Raiders bailed out
or crash-landed their planes in China, but most were helped to safety by Chinese villagers and soldiers.
Cole, Saylor and Thatcher were greeted Saturday by flag-waving well-wishers ranging from small children to fellow
war veterans. Twelve-year-old Joseph John Castellano's grandparents brought him from their Dayton home. "This
was Tokyo. The odds of their survival were one in a million," the boy said. "I just felt like I owe them a few short
hours of the thousands of hours I will be on Earth." Organizers said more than 600 people, including descendants
of Chinese villagers who helped the Raiders and Pearl Harbor survivors, were invited to the final-toast ceremony.
The 80 silver goblets in the ceremony were presented to the Raiders in 1959 by the city of Tucson, Ariz. The
Raiders' names are engraved twice, the second upside-down. During the ceremony, white-gloved cadets presented
each of the three with their personal goblets and their longtime manager poured the cognac. The deceased's
glasses are turned upside-down.
Published November 10, 2013 Associated Press

World War II's surviving Doolittle Raiders make final toast

November 9, 2013: Three of the four surviving members of the 1942 Tokyo raid led by Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle, left to right, Edward Saylor,
Richard Cole, and David Thatcher, applaud a speaker during their final toast celebration at the National Museum of the US Air Force in
Dayton, Ohio. The fourth surviving member, Robert Hite, was unable to travel to the ceremonies.
(AP Photo/Al Behrman)

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ORM is a logic-based, common sense approach to making calculated

decisions on human, material, and environmental factors associated with
any type of activity. It is a methodical, six-step process to manage
inherent risk.
Step One:

Identify the hazards.

This is the foundation of the ORM process. If you dont know
the hazards to mission degradation, personnel injury or death,
or property damage, then they cant be controlled. A hazard
is simply a condition that could cause loss. Focus on what is
at risk, and list the potential hazards.

Step Two:

Assess the risks.

Quantify and qualify the probability and severity of loss from
exposure to the hazard. Examine each hazard and determine
the exposure, severity, and mishap probability for the activity.
After a hazard is examined, risk can be established. Prioritize
the hazards into levels of risk and work on the worst one first.

Step Three: Analyze the risk control measures.

Investigate a variety of actions. Determine which risks can be
eliminated, reduced, or controlled in some manner.

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Step Four:

Make control decisions.

Select the best possible risk controls. Decide if those controls
will assure that the benefits outweigh the costs.

Step Five:

Implement Risk Control.

Always reject the risk when total costs outweigh total
benefits. Use the ORM process to determine your decision.

Step Six:

Supervise and review the six Basic ORM Steps.

Review systematically to measure if whether or not the
benefit was worth the cost.

As a Civil Air Patrol member,

I pledge to promote
an uncompromising
safety environment
for myself and others,
and to prevent the loss of,
or damage to
Civil Air Patrol assets
entrusted to me.
I will perform all my activities
in a professional and safe manner,
and will hold myself accountable
for my actions in
all of our Missions for America.

*ow required of all CAP members: Intro to CAP Safety for *ew Members. Utilities/Online Safety Education.
Then...Monthly Safety BriefingAt the Squadron or Online. Online, there is a test at the end of each briefing.

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Warmest wishes for a joyous, healthy, and peaceful 2013 Holiday season.

Busy with our everyday cycle, caught up with responsibilities,
rushing through our days in a blur of activity,
We rarely stop to reflect on the goodness of our lives.
Fortune smiles upon us. We do not know hunger.
We live in homes that provide us shelter from the elements.
We do not live under the cruel whims of a dictator.
We have the opportunity to succeed if we work diligently.
We are able to surround ourselves with family and friends.
We have a lot of control over the outcome of our lives.
At the inception of this country,
Overwhelming challenges faced the pioneers.
Survival of life and limb were at the top of the list
as these pilgrims bowed their heads in thanksgiving.
Today, we do not work the land for our survival.
Our challenges and struggles are of a different nature.
But like the pilgrims of old,
it is appropriate to bow our heads in thanksgiving,
and reflect on the goodness of our lives.
The paintings and writings on Pages 18 and 19 are original works of art by Major Mor.
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Warmest wishes for a joyous, healthy, and peaceful 2013 Holiday season.


The Joys of the Holiday Season

Once again the holiday season approaches
Like programmed robots we scurry in preparation
For the pageant of giving and receiving gifts.
We glow in remembrance of times gone by
Filled with anticipation
Slipping back into childhood memories.
Eyes twinklingcheeks red from the cold.
Delightful songs fill our ears
And the spirit of comradeship pervades the air.
How wonderful this time of year.
A time bursting with good cheer.
Minds crammed with happy thoughts
Good deeds foremost in peoples minds.
Oh, if only we could bottle the essence of giving
Breathe of its nectar all year through.
Pour a drop on lonely depressed souls and
Watch as the gift of giving nourishes their inner being.
The paintings and writings on Pages 18 and 19 are original works of art by Major Mor.
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Civil Air Patrol, the official auxiliary of the U.S. Air Force, is a nonprofit organization
with more than 61,000 members nationwide, operating a fleet of 550 aircraft equipped
with the most advanced technologies available for search and rescue. CAP, in its Air
Force auxiliary role, performs 90 percent of continental U.S. inland search and rescue
missions as tasked by the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center and approximately 80
lives are saved each year. Its unpaid professionals also perform homeland security,
disaster relief, aerial reconnaissance, and counter-drug missions at the request of
federal, state and local agencies. The members play a leading role in aerospace
education and serve as mentors to more than 26,000 young people currently
participating in CAP Cadet programs. CAP received the World Peace Prize in 2011
and has been performing missions for America for 71 1/2 years." CAP also
participates in Wreaths Across America, an initiative to remember, honor, and teach
about the sacrifices of U.S. military veterans.

The CAP Motto is Semper Vigilans. CAP is prepared to respond effectively to any situation.

To submit an article for the the Marietta Air Museum Cadet Squadron newletter:
If you e-mail the article, please confirm that the article was received.

Dr. Ilana Mor


Strength of the ation
by Dr. Ilana Mor


CAP Senior Officer-Major

Character Development Instructor

C# 770-891-8068

Marietta Air Museum Cadet Sqdn

Activities Officer
Asst. Public Affairs Officer
Asst. Test Control Officer

Interfaith Ordained Minister

Teacher, Spiritual Artist, Author
Life Coach

Emergency Services

Lessen Stress... Rediscover Choice...

Mission Staff Assistant

Public Information Officer

Experience Empowerment

Original Artwork, Photography, and Writings

by Dr. Ilana Mor
remain the property of the artist.
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