Beginner Lesson

Just How Polite is 'Polite'?
14
Hangul Transcript 2
Pronunciation Tips 2
Romanization 2
Translation 2
InIormal Conversation 2
Formal Conversation 3
Lesson Vocabulary 3
Cultural Insight 3
Grammar Points 3
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 037¸B14¸111207 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. November 12th 2007
Hangul Transcript
(1)¬^ /¦¡. ±¡¨/E.
(2)/¦ ^?.¹±¹+9E?
(3)¬^ ±¬^¡II.
(4)/¦ ^tIF/±¹9E?
(5)¬^ ¯II/±¡II. /¦¡±±=/±¡I¯?
(6)/¦ I. ±=/±¹9E.
Pronunciation Tips
9E(yeyo) is commonly pronounced as 9E(eyo). Both pronunciations are accept-
able, but 9E(yeyo) is considered the standard pronunciation.
Romanization
(1)Sujin sajangnim. annyeonghaseyo?
(2)Sajang eo?... ireumi mwo-yeyo?
(3)Sujin hansujin-imnida.
(4)Sajang eoneu nara saram-ieyo?
(5)Sujin kaenada saramimnida. sajangnimeun hanguk saram-imnikka?
(6)Sajang ne. hanguk saram-imnida.
Translation
(1)Sujin Hello, sir.
(2)Boss Oh, what's your name?
(3)Sujin l'm Sujin Han.
(4)Boss What nationality are you?
(5)Sujin l'm Canadian. Sir, are you Korean?
(6)Boss Yes l'm Korean.
lnformal Conversation
/¦¡(sajangnim) using intimate politeness level.
(1)¬^ /¦¡. ±¡¨/E.
(2)/¦ ^?.¹±¹+¹?
(3)¬^ ±¬^¡II.
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 037¸B14¸111207 © Copyright www.Koreanpod101.com - All Rights Reserverd. November 12th 2007
2
(4)/¦ ^tIF/±¹¹?
(5)¬^ ¯II/±¡II. /¦¡±±=/±¡I¯?
(6)/¦ ±. ±=/±¹¹.
Formal Conversation
Both are using Formal Politeness Level
(1)¬^ /¦¡. ±¡¨[I¯?
(2)/¦ ^?.¦±¹^§¯±/E?
(3)¬^ ±¬^¹F¯±II.
(4)/¦ ^tIF±¹[I¯?
(5)¬^ ¯II/±¡II. /¦¡±±=±¹[I¯?
(6)/¦ I. ±=/±¡II.
Lesson Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English
+ mwo
what
¹± ireum
name
/¦¡ sajangnim
president, boss
Cultural lnsight
There are some words in Korean, of which the politeness level cannot be lowered.
Three of the most common words are ±¦¡(teacher), /¦¡(president of a com-
pany), and J¬¡(professor at a university). These words CAN be lowered in polite-
ness level (±¦, /¦, J¬) and these words can be heard sometimes, but they are
rarely used in addressing someone directly because they have an insulting connota-
tion.
Crannar Poinis
This conversation introduces the Standard Politeness Level and shows the relationship dy-
namic between an employer and employee. This conversation also covers the question
word +(mwo).
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 037¸B14¸111207 © Copyright www.Koreanpod101.com - All Rights Reserverd. November 12th 2007
3
This conversation was between an employer and employee. The employee, in this conver-
sation was referred to as /¦¡(sajangnim), which is a general term used to mean "boss,
president, owner." The following are a couple of examples where /¦¡is used to refer to
someone.
1. President/CEO of a company.
2. Owner of a business.
3. Employer
Grammar Point #1 - Standard Politeness Level
Not only are verbs conjugated according to tense, voice, mood, among other things, but
verbs are also conjugated according to degree of formality. This conversation shows the
conjugation of verbs in both the standard politeness level and formal politeness levels.
The Formal Politeness Level is used in very formal situations, or when one feels the utmost
respect is required. Because the Formal Politeness level is being used, it can be inferred
from the conversation that the relationship between this specific employer and employee is
not a very close relationship.
The employee's usage of the Formal Politeness Level can be easily contrasted with the em-
ployer's usage of the Standard Politeness Level. The most noticeable difference is the way
the sentences end. The following are a few examples:
Formal:
7±±=/±¡II.
jeo-neun hanguk saram-imnida
l'm Korean.
Standard:
7±±=/±¹9E.
jeo-neun hanguk saram-ieyo
l'm Korean.
These two sentences mean the same thing, but convey a different level of respect (the
speaker's level of respect towards the listener).
The standard politeness level is not considered "less polite" than the formal politeness level.
The standard politeness level is considered the standard language used towards strangers
and people that you wish to convey respect towards. The formal politeness level can be
considered "extra polite."
The copula, ¹I(ida), when conjugated into the standard politeness level, is conjugated as
either 9E(yeyo) or ¹9E(ieyo). The only difference between the two is to make the
words they are attaching to easier to pronounce.
9E(yeyo) - This is attached to words that end in vowels.
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 037¸B14¸111207 © Copyright www.Koreanpod101.com - All Rights Reserverd. November 12th 2007
4
1.7±¬¯79E. (jeo-neun yurika-yeyo)
l am Yurika.
2.¹{¶±=J9E. (i geonmul-eun hakgyo-yeyo.)
This building is a school.
¹9E(ieyo) - This is attached to words that end in consonants.
1.7±j^¹9E. (jeo-neun piljin-ieyo)
l am Piljin.
¹7¯±¡±[¹9E. (i gage-neun gimbapjip-ieyo)
This store is a Kimbap store.
The copula, as well as many other verbs, when conjugated in the standard politeness level,
can be both a statement and a question. The intonation is key. A rising intonation poses a
question, and a dropping intonation makes a statement. Both a question and answer can
have the same exact word order, yet be different because of the intonation.
¬^/±=¦¹9E(./?)
sujin ssi-neun haksaend-ieyo(./?)
(With a dropping intonation) - Sujin is a student.
(With a rising intonation) - ls Sujin a student?
Grammar Point #2 - What - +
+(mwo) is a question word equivalent to the English "what." Here are a few examples of
+(mwo) and it's usage:
¹±¹+9E?
ireum-i mwo-yeyo?
What is your name?
¹7±+9E?
igeo-neun mwo-yeyo?
What is this?
¹±+ý=^E?
jigeum mwo-reul meogeoyo?
What are you eating now?
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 037¸B14¸111207 © Copyright www.Koreanpod101.com - All Rights Reserverd. November 12th 2007
5

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful