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NAME:

Marcelo Cosme da Costa - STUDENT ID: 201450814


Chukwunwike Odibi STUDENT ID: 201493053

Course Instructor: Jie Cao

ENGI 9110 Advanced Production Enginnering


Faculty of Engineering, Memorial University of Newfoundland
Spring, 2015
Project Outline #: Gas lift technology in offshore oil reservoirs

Table of Contents

1 Introduction....................................................................................................4
1.1

Types of Gas Lift.........................................................................................................4

1.1.1

Continuous-flow gas lift.....................................................................................................4

1.1.2

Intermittent-flow gas lift.....................................................................................................4

2 Application......................................................................................................4
3 Limitations of gas lift.....................................................................................5
References.............................................................................................................7

Abstract
Most Oil and Gas wells in some cases are unable to deliver the fluids from the wellbore to the
surface by use of Primary Drive Mechanisms due to insufficient energy required drive the oil to
the surface. In these cases a secondary recovery mechanism as Gas lift technology is used in
order to increases oil production rate by injecting compressed gas into the lower section of
tubing through the casingtubing annulus and an orifice installed in the tubing string.
In this paper report, Gas injection was used to optimize the production rate of the well under
study.This projects presents the principles of gas lift systems and illustrates a procedure for
designing gas lift operations. Major tasks include calculations of well deliverability, pressure and
horsepower requirements for gas lift gas compression, gas lift valve selection and spacing, and
selection of installation methods.
Keywords; Primary Drive Mechanisms, secondary recovery mechanism, Gas lift, 1.1.1
Continuous-flow gas lift, Intermittent-flow gas lift

Introduction

Gas lift technology is an artificial lift method used in wells where the natural reservoir pressure is
incapable to carry up fluids to the surface in the initial stages of production or has depleted due to the
production of fluids.
The artificial-lift method using gas, also known as Gas lift, consist of injection of gas into the production
tubing in order to reduce the hydrostatic pressure of the fluids along the annulus space resulting in
reduction of bottomhole pressure, which contributes to liquids of the reservoir flow into wellbore at
higher rates.

1.1

Types of Gas Lift

1.1.1

Continuous-flow gas lift

An artificial-lift method in which the gas-lift system is operated on a continuous basis to sustain
liquid production at an efficient rate.

1.1.2

Intermittent-flow gas lift

For wells that produce at relatively low rates or have low reservoir pressure, intermittent lift is
often a better solution. As the name implies, intermittent gas lift operates on the principle of
intermittent gas injection. This means that gas lift injection occurs for a certain length of time
and then stops. After a period a period of time has elapsed, injection again takes place and the
cycle is repeated.
The principles of the intermittent gas lift cycle are shown below in the figure The equipment
arrangement shown schematically indicates five gas lift valves. There can, of course, be more or
less than this number in an actual installation. In the following description of the intermitting
cycle, Valve No. 5 is the first one that opens; hence, it is the operating valve.

Fig. 1.2 Intermmittent gas lift technology (Sohail 2015)

From the figure 1.2 shown above it can be seen that the first From the image shown which is the
intermittent gas flow lift, figure A depicts a well condition before the gas injection takes place. it
can be seen that the surface controller, Valves and operating valve closed. The wellhead valve
and flowline remain open so a minimum amount of surface backpressure is held on the well. This
allows formation fluids to flow into the well bore and build up in the tubing.
Figure B indicates the condition in the well just after gas injection through the valve has
commenced. Injection into the annulus starts when the surface controller opens. As shown in the
figure B the gas enters the annulus, the annulus pressure will increase until the opening pressure
of the operating gas lift valve is reached. The opening of the gas lift valve allows gas to enter the
tubing and displace the slug of well fluids to the surface. When the slug passes the next valve
above the operating valve, this valve may also open to pass gas into the tubing. As soon as
enough gas has been injected to remove the well fluids, the surface controller closes, injection
stops and the gas lift valve closes, Figure C At this point, the buildup of well fluids in the tubing
has commenced. When the fluids build up to the level indicated in A, the cycle is repeated. The
surface controller that regulates the on and off injection gas cycle is what is generally referred to
as an "intermitted". Usually there is a clock-driven mechanism in the intermitter that causes a
motor valve to open at regular intervals, normally once every hour or once every two hours. The
frequency of injection is adjustable and is determined mainly by the well's characteristics.

1.2

Application

Gas lift is particularly applicable for lifting fluids in wells that have a significant amount of gas produced with the crude

1.3

Limitation

The primary limitation for gas lift operations is the lack of formation gas or an injection-gas source.

Literature review

In this part, a general overview of different research papers on gas lift technology
will be reviewed and discussed.

Methodology

This part entails the methods which will be used to explain the gas lift technology in offshores so as to increase
production rate. This method includes simulation and designs to show the importance of gas lift in wellbores.

Conclusion

Based on the results obtained from the designs and simulations, the optimized
configuration for gas lift technology will be discussed and future recommendation
proposed.

References
All research papers previewed for this project will be referenced both incite and on
reference list to avoid plagiarism in any form.

References