Solucion del ejercicio 6 del capitulo 1 del Cohen

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Solucion del ejercicio 6 del capitulo 1 del Cohen

© All Rights Reserved

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6

Zachary Burell, Vibha Gill, Anthony Morgan

January 20, 2009

to study the properties of the bound state of a particle in this well when its width

a approaches zero.

a) Show that there indeed exists only one bound state and calculate its

energy E.

0

B1

. Deduce from this that,

2

in the bound state, the probability of nding the particle outside the well

approaches 1.

c) How can the preceding considerations be applied to a particle placed,

as in excercise 2, in the potential V (x) = (x)?

(

V (x) =

0,

|x| > a/2

(1)

Where V0 is a positive constant. We consider the bound states (V0 < E < 0)

2 2

).

In region I the potential is zero so the S.E. is :

~2

xx = E

2m

or

where =

x < a/2)

(2)

xx = 2

2m|E|

is

~

0

I (x) = Ae x + Aex

region I is :

I (x) = Aex

(3)

0

and

~2 2

= |E| > 0

2m

In region II ( a/2 < x < a/2 , V (x) = V0 ) S.E. is :

~2

xx V0 = E

2m

or

xx = k 2

(4)

(5)

Solution in Region II :

p

k=

2m (V0 |E|)

~

(6)

and

Region III ( x > a/2 and V0 = 0) Solution is :

(7)

and

k

~2 2

= |E| > 0

2m

2mV0

~2

k 2 + 2 =

(8)

The parity invariance of the potential allows us to choose the energy eigenstates

to be simmoultaneously eigenstates of parity, i.e. odd and even functions ( as

2

= e2ika has two possible solutions,

+ik

namely eika ). Thus, we have even solutions for

C=0

D=A

B=0

D = A

Imposing continuity at x =

derivatives yields:

a2

and x =

A = Be

a

2

cos

a

2

for the

ka

2

even

(9)

tan

ka

= /k

2

(10)

A = Ce

tan

ka

2

ka

2

(11)

= k/

(12)

a

2

sin

if we introduce

ka/2

2

2mV0 a2 /~2

Then we have a =

p

2 2 and the conditions can be written as

s

2

1

tan =

2

(13)

tan = p

(14)

For the even eigenstates, substituting the denitions of and given above

and putting V0 = g 2 /2a , we get in the limit a 0

s

=

2m

~2

g2

|E| a2

2

r

= tan

and

2

1=

2

mg 2 a

~2

mg 2 a

~2

|E| a2

2

g a/2 |E| a2

(15)

2a |E|

g2

(16)

|E| =

mg 4

mV02 a2

'

2

2~

2~2

There is no solution for the odd eigenstate condition, therefore we get one ,

even, bound state.

This can also be seen graphically ( for a 0 , < 2 ) there is only one

intersection of the two curves ( see g. 2 )

3

Figure 1:

10

Figure 2:

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

x

1.0

1.2

1.4

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