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Free Elective-1: FE 01 (Geo-Engg) Spatial Information Technology



Univ. Exam




Unit - I
Scope: Satellite and computer technologies and information explosion; Spatial
information: Visualization, measurement and analysis of the earth surface
features/phenomena; Maps, aerial photographs, satellite remote sensing, GPS and GIS;
Earth Coordinate System; Maps: types of maps; map scale and geographic details;
Lettering and symbols on maps; Map projections; Topographic maps: India and adjacent
countries series of maps; contours, map interpretation for physical and cultural features
Unit - II
Aerial photographs: types of photographs; Fundamentals of photogrammetry and photo
interpretation; Scale on aerial photographs; Geometry of vertical aerial photographs;
Stereoscopy; End lap; Side lap; Vertical exaggeration; Parallax and Parallax
Measurements; Relief displacement on vertical aerial photographs; orthophotography.
Unit - III
Satellite Remote Sensing: digital images; Electromagnetic spectrum and earth surface
interactions; Orbiting satellites, sensors, imaging techniques and data products; Computer
processing of digital images: image registration, enhancement and classification
techniques; image interpretation and applications; Principles of digital photogrammetry.
Unit - IV
Global Positioning Systems (GPS); Navigation; GPS elements space segment, user
segment and control segment; Accuracy issues; determining orthometric heights.
GPS receivers: Multi-channel, sequential and multiplexing receivers;
Differential GPS; GPS applications in defense, surveying, mapping, and in everyday life
Unit V
Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Fundamental concepts of GIS; Spatial data:
types of spatial data; sources of spatial data; input techniques; data organization and
storage; manipulation and analysis of spatial data in GIS. Applications of GIS;
1. Practical Geography, R.L. Singh, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, 1979
2. Elements of Cartography, Robinson et al., Wiley 2004
3. Aerial photographic interpretation, Lueder, D.R., McGraw Hill Book Co., 1959
4. Elements of Photogrammetry, P. R. Wolf and B.A. Dewitt, McGraw-Hill, 2004
5. Remote sensing and Image interpretation, Lillesand, Keifer and Chipman, John
Wiley, 2007
6. Higher Surveying, B.G. Punmia, A.K. Jain, and A.K. Jain, Laxmi Publ, 2005
7. Surveying and Leveling (Part 1), T.P. Kanetkar and S.V. Kulkarni, Pune
Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, Pune, 1988
8. Essentials of GPS, N.K. Agrawal, Spatial Networks Pvt.Ltd., 2004
9. GPS: Theory and Practice, B. Hofmann-Wellenhof, H. Lichtenegger and J.Collins, 5th
Revised Edition, Springer, Wien, New York, 2001.

10. Introduction to GIS, K-T Chang, Tata McGraw-Hill 2007