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Uncertainty

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For example

Then

a) First find the relative uncertainty of each factor, or the percentage relative

uncertainty, %:

multiplying by C)

Multiply or divide the uncertainty by that number.

E.g.

Examples: Right: 153.0 0.8

Right: 150. 4

Also (1.50 0.04) x 102

Wrong: 220 2.5

Wrong: 147 10

Wrong: 556.8540.01

Practice Exercises

1.

Change the following absolute uncertainties to relative (%) uncertainties.

a) 36.02 0.02 m

b) 4.1 0.1 cm

c) 17.83 0.01g

d) 2.45 0.01 kg

e) 123.95 0.05 L

2.

a) 43.00 0.2%

b) 8.32 3%

c) 1.098 0.1%

d) 15.5 5

1.

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

f)

Problems:

1) Calculate the density given the following:

Mass = 1.23 0.01g V = 0.56 0.05 cm3

L= 3.42 0.05 cm, W = 1.2 0.2 cm, H = 54.85 0.02 cm, mass =153 2 g

following data:

mass of beaker + NaCl = 241.85 0.01 g,

mass of empty beaker = 159.23 0.01 g,

volume of water = 250. 1 mL

1. a) Determine the volume:

L = 3.50 0.01cm,

H = 3.53 0.01cm,

W = 3.55 0.01cm

b) If the mass of the cube in 1(a) above is 125.52 0.01g, what is the density?

Answer: 2.860.03g/cm^3

Mass = 20.28 0.02 g, volume = 24.01 0.01 mL

21.99 0.01 s. (Recall: distance = speed x time)

4. A car travels at a speed of 100. 5 km/hr for 3.2 0.1hours. What is the distance

travelled?

5.

of water, having an

initial temperature of

and a final temperature of

Use

mass

6.

(Answer:

following data:

Mass of paper

Mass of paper

Molar mass of NaOH

Use:

(Answer:

1. Complete the following, determining the appropriate uncertainty:

a) (12.02 0.08 cm) (16 s 8 %)

2. Determine the perimeter and area of a rectangle of length 9.2 0.05 cm and width

4.33 0.01 cm.

3. A block of wood measures (12.0 0.5 cm) by (25.1 0.1 cm) by (62 1 cm). If it has

a mass of (9.60 kg 5%), what is its density?

Answers

1. a) 0.75 cm/s 9% = 0.75 0.07 cm/s

b) 0.59 cm2/s 20% = 0.59 0.12 cm2/s = 0.6 0.1 cm2/s

c) 41 cm2 10% = 41 4 cm2

d) 154 3 cm2

e) either 0.39 cm/s 15% or 0.39 cm/s 20%, and if you convert to absolute, youll get

either 0.39 0.06 cm/s or 0.39 0.08 cm/s, depending on when you did your rounding.

f) 1161.13 cm/s2 10 % = 1200 100 cm/s2

2. P = 27.1 0.1 cm

A = 39.8 cm2 0.8 % = 39.8 0.3 cm2 (use precision of uncertainty to decide on

precision of answer)

3. m = 9.60 kg 5%

w = 12.00.5 cm = 0.120 m 4.2%

l = 25.10.1 cm = 0.251 m 0.40%

h = 621 cm = 0.62 m 1.6%

V = lwh

D = m/v = m/lwh

D = (9.60 kg 5%)/(0.251 m 0.40%)(0.120 m 4.2%)(0.62 m 1.6%)

D = 514 kg/m3 11.2%

D = 514 57.5 kg/m3

D = 510 60 kg/m3

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