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# Course Plan - Turbo Machinery

## Subject Code: ME 502

Branch, Semester: Mechanical Engineering, 5th Semester
Scheme: L: T: P- 3:1:0,
Instructor: Prof. Akbar Ali
Office: Sr. Asst. Prof, Mechanical Engineering Department
Extension: 593
Email: akbarali3105@rediffmail.com,
Instructor: Prof. Irfan Khan
Office: Asst. Prof, Mechanical Engineering Department
Extension:--Email: mitm.irfankhan@rediffmail.com,
Instructor: Prof. Amit Prajapati
Office: Asst. Prof, Mechanical Engineering Department
Extension:--Email: sourabh.4242@gmail.com,
Course Objective:
The course provides insight into dedicated areas of turbo machines. Turbo machines are widely used in
the transport and the energy sector. The operation of modern aircraft would not be possible without
turbo machines. Most of the worlds electricity is generated in processes where turbo machines play a
vital role.
It builds on foundational course material, primarily in the areas of fluid mechanics and
thermodynamics, with a blend of additional theory and applications to provide the student with the
basic knowledge necessary to engage in professional activities relating to the use of turbo machinery.
Upon completion of this class, the student should be able to:
1) Recognize and explain the differences between true turbomachines and positive displacement
devices.
2) Analyze incompressible, in viscid fluid/rotor energy transfer using Eulers turbine equations.
3) Construct and analyze velocity diagrams for axial and centrifugal rotors and rotor/stator sets.
4) Read and interpret performance curves for pumps, fans, and turbines.
5) Use scaling laws to predict turbo machine performance, by interpolation or extrapolation from
known performance data.
6) Specify the appropriate class of prime mover for a given application, based on head, flow and
specific speed.
7) Distinguish between cases where "single airfoil" analysis and "cascade" analysis applies.
8) Explain the role of inlets, scrolls and diffusers on the operation and performance of pumps, fans
and turbines.
9) Identify and explain the general loss-producing mechanisms for flow through turbo machine
rotors and stators.

Outcomes
This course gives students a basic understanding of the types, uses and principles of operation of
turbo machines, so that they can productively engaged in engineering activities that involve the
selection, specification and use of turbo machines.
Prerequisite
The working knowledge of thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and heat transfer is assumed.
Required Text Books
1. Venkanna BK; Turbo machinery; PHI
2. Kadambi V Manohar Prasad; An introduction to Vol. III-Turbo machinery; Wiley Eastern Delhi
3. Bansal R. K; Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machines;
References
1. Rogers Cohen & Sarvan Multo Gas Turbine Theory
2. Kearton W. J; Steam Turbine: Theory & Practice
3. Shepherd DG; Turbo machinery
5. Hypersonic and High Temperature Gas Dynamics, Anderson
6. A treatise on turbo-machines, G. Gopalakrishnan
Time Table
Section B
Total expected periods 45
(After excluding sports week, holidays etc.)
Mon

Tues

Wed

Thurs

Fri

Sat

Max.
available

Theory
Tutorials
Practical
Batch
Theory Lecture Plan:
L.
Unit
Contents
No
I
01
Introduction to the turbo machine

03

## Energy transfer in turbo machines :Definition, classification and

elements
Static and stagnation properties

04

05

06

02

Remark

07

## Alternate form of Eulers equation. Principles of impulse and reaction

machines, and degree of reaction

08

Problems on Unit -I

09

Problems on Unit -I

10

## Introduction to the Steam turbines Pressure compounding, velocity

compounding. Pressure velocity compounding

11

12

## Condition of maximum efficiency for single stage turbine. velocity diagram

for 2 stage turbine

13

14

efficiency

15

II

16

17

## Steam losses. Performance characteristics of steam turbine

18

Problems on unit II

19

Problems on unit II
Test-I

20

III

## Introduction to the water turbine Pelton turbine, vector diagram and

work done
Francis turbine, vector diagram and work done

21

22

23

24

25

26

## Application of dimensional analysis and similarity to water turbines and

centrifugal pumps,

27

machines

29

Test-II

31

## Rotary Fans, Blowers and Compressors, Classification based on pressure

rise,
Centrifugal Blowers Vane shape, velocity triangle,

32

33

30

34
35

IV

## Vane shape and stresses, efficiency, fan laws and characteristics.

Centrifugal Compressor Vector diagrams, work done,

36

37

38

39

## Axial flow Compressors- temp and pressure ratio, degree of reaction,

40

Problems on unit IV

41

## Introduction to Power Transmitting turbo machines

42

Their torque ratio, speed ratio, slip and efficiency, velocity diagrams,

43

44

45

46