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Course Plan - Turbo Machinery

Subject Code: ME 502


Branch, Semester: Mechanical Engineering, 5th Semester
Scheme: L: T: P- 3:1:0,
Instructor: Prof. Akbar Ali
Office: Sr. Asst. Prof, Mechanical Engineering Department
Extension: 593
Email: akbarali3105@rediffmail.com,
Instructor: Prof. Irfan Khan
Office: Asst. Prof, Mechanical Engineering Department
Extension:--Email: mitm.irfankhan@rediffmail.com,
Instructor: Prof. Amit Prajapati
Office: Asst. Prof, Mechanical Engineering Department
Extension:--Email: sourabh.4242@gmail.com,
Course Objective:
The course provides insight into dedicated areas of turbo machines. Turbo machines are widely used in
the transport and the energy sector. The operation of modern aircraft would not be possible without
turbo machines. Most of the worlds electricity is generated in processes where turbo machines play a
vital role.
It builds on foundational course material, primarily in the areas of fluid mechanics and
thermodynamics, with a blend of additional theory and applications to provide the student with the
basic knowledge necessary to engage in professional activities relating to the use of turbo machinery.
Upon completion of this class, the student should be able to:
1) Recognize and explain the differences between true turbomachines and positive displacement
devices.
2) Analyze incompressible, in viscid fluid/rotor energy transfer using Eulers turbine equations.
3) Construct and analyze velocity diagrams for axial and centrifugal rotors and rotor/stator sets.
4) Read and interpret performance curves for pumps, fans, and turbines.
5) Use scaling laws to predict turbo machine performance, by interpolation or extrapolation from
known performance data.
6) Specify the appropriate class of prime mover for a given application, based on head, flow and
specific speed.
7) Distinguish between cases where "single airfoil" analysis and "cascade" analysis applies.
8) Explain the role of inlets, scrolls and diffusers on the operation and performance of pumps, fans
and turbines.
9) Identify and explain the general loss-producing mechanisms for flow through turbo machine
rotors and stators.

Outcomes
This course gives students a basic understanding of the types, uses and principles of operation of
turbo machines, so that they can productively engaged in engineering activities that involve the
selection, specification and use of turbo machines.
Prerequisite
The working knowledge of thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and heat transfer is assumed.
Required Text Books
1. Venkanna BK; Turbo machinery; PHI
2. Kadambi V Manohar Prasad; An introduction to Vol. III-Turbo machinery; Wiley Eastern Delhi
3. Bansal R. K; Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machines;
References
1. Rogers Cohen & Sarvan Multo Gas Turbine Theory
2. Kearton W. J; Steam Turbine: Theory & Practice
3. Shepherd DG; Turbo machinery
4. Csanady; Turbo machines
5. Hypersonic and High Temperature Gas Dynamics, Anderson
6. A treatise on turbo-machines, G. Gopalakrishnan
Time Table
Section B
Total expected periods 45
(After excluding sports week, holidays etc.)
Mon

Tues

Wed

Thurs

Fri

Sat

Max.
available

Theory
Tutorials
Practical
Batch
Theory Lecture Plan:
L.
Unit
Contents
No
I
01
Introduction to the turbo machine

03

Energy transfer in turbo machines :Definition, classification and


elements
Static and stagnation properties

04

Application of first and second laws of thermodynamics to turbo machines,

05

Efficiency of Turbo machinery

06

Moment of momentum equation and Euler turbine equation

02

Remark

07

Alternate form of Eulers equation. Principles of impulse and reaction


machines, and degree of reaction

08

Problems on Unit -I

09

Problems on Unit -I

10

Introduction to the Steam turbines Pressure compounding, velocity


compounding. Pressure velocity compounding

11

Velocity triangle, work done, brake efficiency axial thrust

12

Condition of maximum efficiency for single stage turbine. velocity diagram


for 2 stage turbine

13

Condition of maximum efficiency for two stage turbine. velocity

14

Reaction turbine , degree of reaction, parsons turbine, condition for max


efficiency

15

II

Types of nozzles, turbine blade, their calculations Reheat factor in turbines

16

Governing of steam turbine

17

Steam losses. Performance characteristics of steam turbine

18

Problems on unit II

19

Problems on unit II
Test-I

20

III

Introduction to the water turbine Pelton turbine, vector diagram and


work done
Francis turbine, vector diagram and work done

21

Kaplan turbine, vector diagram and work done

22

Draft tubes, governing of water turbines.

23

Centrifugal Pumps: classification, advantage over reciprocating type,


definition of mano-metric head, gross head, static head,

24

Vector diagram and work done.

25

Performance and characteristics

26

Application of dimensional analysis and similarity to water turbines and


centrifugal pumps,

27

unit and specific quantities, Main and operating characteristics of the


machines

Problems on unit III

29

Test-II

31

Rotary Fans, Blowers and Compressors, Classification based on pressure


rise,
Centrifugal Blowers Vane shape, velocity triangle,

32

Degree of reactions, slip coefficient,

33

Size and speed of machine

30

34
35

IV

Vane shape and stresses, efficiency, fan laws and characteristics.


Centrifugal Compressor Vector diagrams, work done,

36

Temp and pressure ratio, slip factor,

37

Work input factor, pressure coefficient,

38

Axial flow Compressors- Vector diagrams, work done factor,

39

Axial flow Compressors- temp and pressure ratio, degree of reaction,

40

Problems on unit IV

41

Introduction to Power Transmitting turbo machines

42

Their torque ratio, speed ratio, slip and efficiency, velocity diagrams,

43

Fluid coupling and Torque converter, characteristics,

44

Positive displacement machines

45

Positive displacement pumps with fixed and variable displacements,

46

Hydrostatic systems hydraulic intensifier, accumulator, press and crane.

Grading Scheme
Evaluation Weights and Formats and other guidelines for submissions
2 Mid-Semester Exam
Quiz and Assignment
Final Theory Exam

20 Marks
10 Marks
70 Marks