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You are on page 1of 16

* 9 4 3 0 5 6 8 8 8 1 *

9702/21

PHYSICS

Paper 2 AS Structured Questions

October/November 2014

1 hour

No Additional Materials are required.

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen.

You may use an HB pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid.

DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.

Answer all questions.

Electronic calculators may be used.

You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

DC (NF/CGW) 77818/2

UCLES 2014

[Turn over

2

Data

c = 3.00 10 8 m s 1

permeability of free space,

0 = 4 10 7 H m1

0 = 8.85 10 12 F m1

(

1

= 8.99 10 9 m F1 )

40

elementary charge,

e = 1.60 10 19 C

h = 6.63 10 34 J s

u = 1.66 10 27 kg

me = 9.11 10 31 kg

mp = 1.67 10 27 kg

R = 8.31 J K 1 mol 1

NA = 6.02 10 23 mol 1

k = 1.38 10 23 J K1

gravitational constant,

G = 6.67 10 11 N m 2 kg 2

g = 9.81 m s 2

UCLES 2014

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Formulae

uniformly accelerated motion,

s = ut + 12 at 2

v 2 = u 2 + 2as

W = pV

gravitational potential,

= Gm

r

hydrostatic pressure,

p = gh

p=

a = 2x

v = v0 cos t

v = (x02 x 2)

electric potential,

V=

capacitors in series,

1

3

Nm 2

<c >

V

Q

40r

capacitors in parallel,

C = C1 + C2 + . . .

W = 12 QV

resistors in series,

R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,

alternating current/voltage,

x = x0 sin t

radioactive decay,

x = x0 exp( t)

decay constant,

= 0.693

UCLES 2014

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2

9702/21/O/N/14

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4

Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.

State two other base quantities.

1. ..............................................................................................................................................

2. ..............................................................................................................................................

[2]

(b) A mass m is placed on the end of a spring that is hanging vertically, as shown in Fig. 1.1.

spring

mass m

Fig. 1.1

The mass is made to oscillate vertically. The time period of the oscillations of the mass is T.

The period T is given by

T=C

m

k

Show that C has no units.

[3]

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5

2

.............................................................................................................................................. [1]

(b) A cylinder is placed on a horizontal surface, as shown in Fig. 2.1.

diameter

cylinder

Fig. 2.1

The following measurements were made on the cylinder:

mass = 5.09 0.01 kg

diameter = 9.4 0.1 cm.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

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6

3

The resistance R of a uniform metal wire is measured for different lengths l of the wire.

The variation with l of R is shown in Fig. 3.1.

4.0

3.0

R/1

2.0

1.0

0

0

0.20

0.40

0.60

0.80

l/m

1.00

Fig. 3.1

(a) The points shown in Fig. 3.1 do not lie on the best-fit line. Suggest a reason for this.

...................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................. [1]

(b) Determine the gradient of the line shown in Fig. 3.1.

(c) The cross-sectional area of the wire is 0.12 mm2.

Use your answer in (b) to determine the resistivity of the metal of the wire.

UCLES 2014

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7

(d) The resistance R of different wires is measured. The wires are of the same metal and same

length but have different cross-sectional areas A.

On Fig. 3.2, sketch a graph to show the variation with A of R.

A

Fig. 3.2

[2]

UCLES 2014

9702/21/O/N/14

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8

4

trolley

v

25

horizontal

Fig. 4.1

The slope makes an angle of 25 with the horizontal. A constant resistive force FR acts up the

slope on the trolley.

At time t = 0, the trolley has velocity v = 0.50 m s1 down the slope.

At time t = 4.0 s, v = 12 m s1 down the slope.

(a) (i)

Show that the acceleration of the trolley down the slope is approximately 3 m s2.

[2]

(ii)

Calculate the distance x moved by the trolley down the slope from time t = 0 to t = 4.0 s.

x = ..................................................... m [2]

(iii)

On Fig. 4.2, sketch the variation with time t of distance x moved by the trolley.

4.0

t/s

Fig. 4.2

[2]

UCLES 2014

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(b) The mass of the trolley is 2.0 kg.

(i)

Show that the component of the weight of the trolley down the slope is 8.3 N.

[1]

(ii)

FR = ...................................................... N [2]

UCLES 2014

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10

5

motor

bricks

container

Fig. 5.1

The bricks start from rest and accelerate for 2.0 s. The bricks then travel at a constant speed of

0.64 m s1 for 25 s. Finally the bricks are brought to rest in a further 3.0 s.

The total mass of the bricks is 25 kg.

(a) Determine the change in kinetic energy of the bricks

(i)

(ii)

in the next 25 s,

(iii)

UCLES 2014

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11

(b) The bricks are in a container. The weight of the container and bricks is 350 N.

Calculate, for the lifting of the bricks and container when travelling at constant speed,

(i)

(ii)

UCLES 2014

9702/21/O/N/14

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6

melting: .............................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................................

evaporation: ......................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................................

[4]

(a) A cell with internal resistance supplies a current. Explain why the terminal potential difference

(p.d.) is less than the electromotive force (e.m.f.) of the cell.

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................. [1]

(b) A battery of e.m.f. 12 V and internal resistance 0.50 is connected to a variable resistor X

and a resistor Y of constant resistance, as shown in Fig. 7.1.

12 V

0.50 1

Y

Fig. 7.1

The resistance R of X is increased from 2.0 to 16 . The variation with R of the current in

the circuit is shown in Fig. 7.2.

UCLES 2014

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13

3.0

I/A

2.0

1.0

0

0

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

12.0

14.0

16.0

R/1

Fig. 7.2

Calculate, for = 1.2 A,

(i)

(ii)

the resistance of Y,

(iii)

(c) Use Fig. 7.2 to explain the variation in the terminal p.d. of the battery as the resistance R of X

is increased.

...................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................. [1]

UCLES 2014

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14

8

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................. [2]

(b) The arrangement of apparatus used to determine the wavelength of a sound wave is shown

in Fig. 8.1.

microphone

loudspeaker

metal plate

signal

generator

c.r.o.

Fig. 8.1

The loudspeaker emits sound of one frequency. The microphone is connected to a cathode-ray

oscilloscope (c.r.o.).

The waveform obtained on the c.r.o. for one position of the microphone is shown in Fig. 8.2.

1.0 cm

1.0 cm

Fig. 8.2

UCLES 2014

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The time-base setting of the c.r.o. is 0.20 ms cm1.

(i)

Use Fig. 8.2 to show that the frequency of the sound is approximately 1300 Hz.

[2]

(ii)

Explain how the apparatus is used to determine the wavelength of the sound.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... [2]

(iii)

The wavelength of the sound wave is 0.26 m. Calculate the speed of sound in this

experiment.

UCLES 2014

9702/21/O/N/14

16

BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every

reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the

publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local

Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2014

9702/21/O/N/14

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