An introduction to trigonometric functions.

© All Rights Reserved

35 views

An introduction to trigonometric functions.

© All Rights Reserved

- Trigonometry WikiBooks
- Grade 11 Functions - Math
- 137880897 Maths Bansal Classes
- BACS1113 2009
- C3 Sum BW
- H 2.3.2 Trig
- IntrFrac
- Strategy for Integration
- bdc70076b25540009072e41f2ff19293.pdf
- Trigonometry Equations
- Ah Formulae
- EC3sh_C
- precalc project
- 25678015
- 4037_s09_qp_1
- g10m trignometry
- PYL113 Tut1
- Mid Term Exam Solutions
- 0270_PDF_C02.pdf
- Math Revision.pptx

You are on page 1of 12

xy -

Definition. The unit circle is the circle of radius 1 centered at the origin in the

x 2+ y 2 =1 .

3 6

P( , ) is on the unit circle. (This is easy! You just need

3 3

to show that the point satisfies the equation of the unit circle, that is,

x 2+ y 2 =1 .)

Suppose

(1,0)

positive or in a clockwise direction if t is negative.

is

P( x , y )

obtained in this way is called the terminal point determined by the real number

(1,0)

P( x , y )

t .

and moves counterclockwise all the way around the unit circle and returns to

of ___. To move a quarter of the distance around the circle, it travels a distance of ___. Where

does the point end up when it travels these distances along the circle?

9 7

,

.

4

4

3

t= , ,

,2 .

2

2

4 ,

Example 2. Find the terminal point on the unit circle determined by each real number

t=3

(b)

t=

(c)

t=

2 .

t .

Example 3. Find the terminal point determined by each given real number

(b)

t=

3

4

(c)

t=

t . (a)

t . (a)

t=

5

6

is the shortest distance along the unit circle between the terminal point determined by

and the

x -axis.

associated with

Definition. Let

t=

2

3

(d)

t . (a)

t=

5

6

(b)

t=5.80

t=

7

4

(c)

steps:

,

,

,

,

Q1 , write

Q2 , write

Q3 , write

Q 4 , write

+ ;

;

;

+ .

Q(a , b)

3. Get the values of

appropriate

and

determined by

t

.

,

.

+

,

+ ,

+ ,

t=

29

6 .

Remark. In finding the terminal point for very large t , we express t as a sum

of a multiple of 2 and some other real number c. The terminal point of t is

the same as that of c.

Solution. Since

t=

29

5

=4 +

6

6 , the terminal point of

t=

29

6

5

6 .

Quiz 1

t

is

3 4

( , ) . Find the terminal point

5 5

determined by

(a) t

(b) 5 + t

(c)

101 t

t .

(a)

31

6

(b)

41

4

Trigonometric Functions of Real Numbers

functions of real numbers?

Recall. We previously defined the trigonometric functions of an acute angle

in a right triangle in terms of the lengths of the sides of the right triangle. Note that in a unit

circle, the coordinates of the terminal point of a real number

P'

is the

Exercise. Derive the other trigonometric functions.

is the

is the

y -coordinate of

x -coordinate of

y -coordinate and

P' . Thus,

x -coordinate of its

or equivalently, radians 180 .

+n

1.

+90

()=cos ()

sin

IDENTITIES

360 . We

radians

360

2.

+ 90

=sin ()

cos

Exercise. Given this identity, derive the other four trigonometric functions of

3.

+180

()=sin()

sin

4.

cos(+180 )=cos ()

+90 .

Exercise. Given this identity, derive the other four trigonometric functions of

+18 0 .

5.

+ 270

()=cos ()

sin

6.

+ 270

()=sin ()

cos

Exercise. Given this identity, derive the other four trigonometric functions of

+27 0 .

Quiz 2

Use all of what you have learned to answer the following.

I.

1. The terminal points of

2.

19.99

and

8.7

cos (5 ) <0

3. The midpoint of the line segment whose endpoints are the terminal points of

and 2 is (

,

) .

2

2

5. sec ( 2 ) < sec(3)

II.

x= y .

1. Which of the following is not a coordinate of a point on the unit circle?

A.

(1,0)

B.

2 2

( , )

2

2

C.

1 1

( , )

2 2

D.

3 4

, )

5 5

2. Given that

cos ( ) >0

and

true?

A. The terminal point of

C. The terminal point of lies in the first quadrant.

B. The functions

III.

1. Give all six trigonometric function values of the following real numbers.

(a)

(b)

5

6

(c)

9

4

(d)

13

4

(e)

19

6

(f)

2013

6

(a)

120

(b)

225

(c) 390

(d)

630

(e)

780

(f)

945

(a)

(b)

(c)

IV.

cos (37 ) sin (37 ) tan (37 ) cot ( 37 ) sec (37 ) csc (37 )

5

11

sin ( 150 ) sec ( ) tan (

4

3 )

sec

is

if

2 13 3 13

,

)

13

13

*******************

Well done is better than well said.

-Benjamin Franklin

mlzn020115

- Trigonometry WikiBooksUploaded byAgustinus Wahyu Adi Putra
- Grade 11 Functions - MathUploaded byDawn Clark
- 137880897 Maths Bansal ClassesUploaded byBenjamin West
- BACS1113 2009Uploaded bynurilyana
- C3 Sum BWUploaded byKevin Grossberg
- H 2.3.2 TrigUploaded bytimmonsmaths
- IntrFracUploaded byJocelyn Regala
- Strategy for IntegrationUploaded byfragilewindows
- bdc70076b25540009072e41f2ff19293.pdfUploaded byNdou DB
- Trigonometry EquationsUploaded byPrem
- Ah FormulaeUploaded byVijay Raju
- EC3sh_CUploaded byJosh Zngr
- precalc projectUploaded byapi-241213905
- 25678015Uploaded byMonal Bhoyar
- 4037_s09_qp_1Uploaded bymstudy123456
- g10m trignometryUploaded byapi-235269401
- PYL113 Tut1Uploaded byAmitesh Singh
- Mid Term Exam SolutionsUploaded byIbra Nazla
- 0270_PDF_C02.pdfUploaded byBao Tram Nguyen
- Math Revision.pptxUploaded byjuliana
- ShannonR_FinalProjectKCMUploaded byDejvi Manjani
- AEE AME Maths Term 1 Asignment 1-2-2016Uploaded byChimweka Isaac Masompe
- Teacher’s Resource Material for Class x MathematicsUploaded bymaadhesh
- 3 2 maths unit planUploaded byapi-374589174
- Homework_1 MATLAB Exercises SolutionsUploaded bymanthan212
- Trigonometry ReviewUploaded byAntonio Dionisio
- tUploaded byapi-444439435
- Formula booklets PCM Allen-jeemain.guru.pdfUploaded bySiddarth Kocheri
- Trigonometry.pdfUploaded byAi Choo
- fourierUploaded bypoojaabanindran

- High School Entrance Exam Reviewer (Science)Uploaded byAleph Continuum
- Ho 1 Factoring and Operations on PolynomialsUploaded byAleph Continuum
- Intro to Chem First Part ExamUploaded byAleph Continuum
- High School Chemistry Quick Summary.pdfUploaded byAleph Continuum
- General Science ExamUploaded byaleph
- Elementary Algebra Problem SetUploaded byAleph Continuum
- Proof of the Angle Sum FormulaUploaded byAleph Continuum

- 9709_w04_ms_3Uploaded bymichael heng
- Chapter 7 SolutionsUploaded byAgam Hanasichula
- Chapter 7Uploaded bypauleibye
- Functions of Matrices Theory and Computation~tqw~_darksiderg.pdfUploaded byandrespbz
- Using GnuplotUploaded byWilliam Agudelo
- Symmetry Conditions in Fourier Series - GATE Study Material in PDFUploaded byTestbook Blog
- Solution for 2016 Theoretical PhysUploaded byageofzombies
- Kendriya Vidyalaya SangathanUploaded bymicrodotcdm
- A New Slip Line Theory for Orthogonal CuttingUploaded byRaghu Chowdary
- Smith J - Mathematics Of The Discrete Fourier Transform.pdfUploaded bySameer A. Masood
- 20-2 trig unit test v1Uploaded byapi-296936553
- Mowete 1Uploaded bysullywas
- Maths 101 TrigonometryUploaded byJay D Patel
- Gnuplot Interactive 1993.PsUploaded byיחזקאל בֶּן אַהֲרֹן
- Logotronic Iqm System-En USUploaded byNilesh Yadav
- SBTET AP C-14 SYLLABUS DCE C-14Uploaded bythirukumar
- TrigandBearings-ExercisesSolutionsUploaded byMab DT
- Judge Only One Name Said MchaaliaUploaded byAnonymous 8erOuK4i
- Laplaciano coordenadas esfericasUploaded byArmando Lerma
- Www.assakkaf.com Courses ENCE355 Lectures Part2 Chapter8cUploaded byvanamgoutham
- Maths General 2 Specimen Paper 14Uploaded bytedwong314
- eliskaApril24.rtfUploaded byDominik Teiml
- 70 Bai Tap Toan Nang Cao Lop 7Uploaded byGloria Taylor
- Produce Reduced and Extended Zone Plot of Band EquationUploaded byTariqul Islam Ponir
- CHAPTER7.pdfUploaded byWillian Diaz
- Fundamentos de ElecctromagnetismoUploaded byCristian Lopez Rivas
- 0606_s15_qp_13Uploaded bytarius_1000
- Hadoop Hive Cheat Sheet - Developer Guide for SQL to HiveQL _ QuboleUploaded bygowri1111
- ΑΣΚΗΣΕΙΣ ΜΑΘΗΜΑΤΙΚΩΝ ΑΠΟ ΠΕΡΙΟΔΙΚΟ 2007Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- EceUploaded byGautam Reddy

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.