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PARTICULATES

Particulates, particulate matters or atmospheric particulate matters are


minuscule

pieces

of

matter

that

are

incorporated

with

the

Earths

atmosphere. It may sound harmless but it affects vast numbers of people


than any other pollutant. It is mainly composed of sulfates, nitrates,
ammonia, sodium chloride, black carbon, mineral dust and water. All that
had been mentioned are equally as harmful but the most health threatening
are those with a diameter of 10 microns or less since they can be inhaled
and can infiltrate inside our lungs, stay there and cause complications.
According to the World Health Organization, air quality measurements
are usually described in terms of daily or annual mean concentrations of
PM10 particles per cubic meter of air volume (m3). Daily air quality
measurements classically define specific PM concentrations in terms of their
micrograms

per

cubic

meter

(g/m3).

Once

adequately

complex

measurement tools are accessible, concentrations of fine particles (PM 2.5 or


smaller), are also conveyed.
There is a said connection among the exposure from these particulates
and an increase in mortality and morbidity over a period of time. They are
assumed to have a direct relationship where a reduced concentrations of
these small particles will expectedly also decrease the related mortality

count among the people exposed to them, and other factors remain
constant.
Particulate pollution is dangerous even at low concentrations. The
effects of PM on health transpire at levels of exposure that is currently being
experienced by many individuals both in the urban and rural areas, as well
as developed and developing countries although exposures in many fastdeveloping cities today are often much higher than the average developed
cities of analogous in size.
Particulate

matter

secretions

are

extremely

controlled

in

most

industrialized countries. Because of environmental concerns, many industries


are obligated and required to operate with a kind of dust collection system to
control and regulate particulate emissions. These systems include inertial
collectors

(cyclone

collectors),

fabric

filter

collectors, wet

scrubbers,

and electrostatic precipitators. Most government across the worlds has also
created a maximum amount of it in the air so as not to cause further
complications.

2.
To prepare comprehensive solution to the issue of air emission quality
management programs in NCR, plans and strategies within the limits are
suggestable to set forth with respect to the Republic Act. No. 7160 and with
this Act which should be implemented within its territorial jurisdiction upon
the approval of the sanggunian will help solve the problem in emission.
Another strategy is to have the framework of the project emissions,
among others, prescribed by the emission reduction goals using permissible
standards, control strategies and control measures to be undertaken within a
specified time period, including cost-effective use of economic incentives,
management strategies, collective actions, and environmental education and
information on NCR are to maintain a both quality and efficient place which
also promotes sustainability.
Last strategy which is in my mind is to Include control strategies and
control measures to be undertaken within a specified time period by the
company, including cost effective use of economic incentives, management
strategies, collection action and environmental education and information to
have the right and enough knowledge about the place and resources to
prevent having damages to the environment.

3.

We can see on the list above that SO2 and Suspended Particulate
matter are sampled once every six days when using the manual methods. A
minimum of twelve sampling days per quarter of forty-eight sampling days
each year is required for these methods. Daily sampling may be done in the
future once continuous analyzers are procured and become available.
Maximum limits represented by ninety-eight percentile values not to be
exceed more than once a year. The limits for total Suspended Particulate
Matter with mass median diameter is less than 25-50 um. Provisional limits
for Suspended Particulate Matter with mass median diameter less than 10

microns and below until sufficient monitoring data are gathered to base a
proper guideline. And evaluation of this guideline is carried out for 24-hour
averaging time and averaged over three moving calendar months. The
monitored average value for any three months shall not exceed the guideline
value.