38 views

Uploaded by Donald Hamilton

BS Example _ Steel1

- Structural Bamboo design in EA.pdf
- r891.pdf
- Nsba Night School Course b1 Session 6
- C Section M312-Report1
- Spreader Beam BLOCK E
- The design of hybrid fabricated girders Part 1.pdf
- Effect of Reduced Brace Section on Behavior of SCBF Bracings
- CW LocalBucklingOfCantilever2
- Sfd API Rp 2a Wsd 22nd
- ICE PAPER Biaxial Bending of RC Beam
- Extracts From EuroCode3
- Lecture -13 Plate Girders
- 20(1)0022
- 242947072 Analysis Based 2D Design of Steel Storage Racks RR908
- 3 Tubing Specification & Equipment Material Selection
- A STUDY ON CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF FUSELAGE FOR A SMALL SCALE WIG VEHICLE USING COMPOSITE MATERIALS
- 10.1-Seismic_OMRF-SMRF.pdf
- ME 2254 — STRENGTH OF MATERIALS april.may 2011.bak
- CMAA-70 _ Cranes
- ABS- Guidance for FE Analysis

You are on page 1of 7

Page 1 of 7

International Codes

British Codes - Design Per British Cold Formed Steel Code

2E.4 Design Equations

Tensile Strength

The allowable tensile strength, as calculated in STAAD as per BS5950-5, section 7 is

described below.

The tensile strength, P t of the member should be determined from clause 7.2.1

Where

Ae

py

is the design strength

As per clause 7.3 of BS 5950-5:1998 members subjected to both axial tension and

bending should be proportioned such that the following relationships are satisfied at the

ultimate limit state

And

and

1

Where

Ft

Pt

is the tensile capacity determined in accordance with clause 7.2.1 of the subject

code

M z ,M y ,M cz ,M cy are as defined in clause 6.4.2 of the subject code

Compressive Strength

The allowable Compressive strength, as calculated in STAAD as per BS5950-5, section 6

mk:@MSITStore:C:\SPro2006\STAAD\Help\International_Code.chm::/British_Codes/De... 1/28/2007

Design Equations

Page 2 of 7

is described below.

For sections symmetrical about both principal axes orclosed cross-sections which are not

subjected to torsionalflexural buckling, the buckling resistance under axial load, Pc, may

be obtained from the following equation as per clause 6.2.3 of the subject code

For Sections symmetrical about a single axis and which are not subject to torsional

flexural buckling, the buckling resistance under axial load, Pc, may be obtained from the

following equation as per clause 6.2.4 of the subject code

Where the meanings of the symbols used are indicated in the subject clauses.

Torsional flexural buckling

Design of the memberswhich have at least one axis of symmetry, and which are subject to

torsional flexural buckling should be done according to the stipulations of the clause

6.3.2 using factored slenderness ratio aL E /r in place of actual slenderness ratio while

reading Table 10 for the value of Compressive strength(p c ).

Where

= 1 , otherwise

Where the meanings of the symbols used are indicated in the subject clause.

Combined bending and compression

Members subjected to both axial compression and bending should be checked for local

capacity and overall buckling

Local capacity check as per clause 6.4.2 of the subject code

For Beams not subjected to lateral buckling, the following relationship should be satisfied

mk:@MSITStore:C:\SPro2006\STAAD\Help\International_Code.chm::/British_Codes/De... 1/28/2007

Design Equations

Page 3 of 7

For Beams subjected to lateral buckling, the following relationship should be satisfied

Fc

P cs

Mz

My

M cz

is the short strut capacity as per clause 6.2.3

is the applied bending moment about z axis

is the applied bending moment about y axis

is the moment capacity in bending about the local Z axis in the absence of F c and

M y , as per clause 5.2.2 and 5.6

M cy

is the moment capacity in bending about the local Y axis, in the absence of F c

and M z ,as per clause 5.2.2 and 5.6

Mb

P Ez

P Ey

C bz ,C by

is the flexural buckling load in compression for bending about the local Z axis

is the flexural buckling load in compression for bending about the local Y axis

are taken as unity unless their values are specified by the user

The Mcz, Mcy and Mb are calculated from clause numbers 5.2.2 and 5.6 in the manner

described hereinbelow.

Calculation of moment capacities

For restrained beams, the applied moment based on factored loads should not be greater

then the bending moment resistance of the section, M c

Mcz = SzzX po

Mcy = Syy X po

Where

is the Moment resistance of the section in z axis

M cz

M cz

is the Moment resistance of the section in z axis

po

is the limiting stress for bending elements under stress gradient and should not

greater then design strength p y

For unrestrained beams the applied moment based on factored loads should not be greater

mk:@MSITStore:C:\SPro2006\STAAD\Help\International_Code.chm::/British_Codes/De... 1/28/2007

Design Equations

Page 4 of 7

than the smaller of the bending moment resistance of the section , M c , and the buckling

resistance moment of the beam, M b

Then buckling resistance moment, M b, may be calculated as follows

MY

is the yield moment of the section , product of design strength p y and elastic

modules of the gross section with respect to the compression flange Zc

ME

is the elastic lateral buckling resistance as per clause 5.6.2.2

Please refer clause numbers 5.2.2 and 5.6 of the subject code for a detailed discussion

regarding the parameters used in the abovementioned equations.

Shear Strength

The maximum shear stress should not be greater then 0.7 p y as per

clause 5.4.2

The average shear stress should not exceed the lesser of the shear yield strength, p v or the

shear buckling strength, q cr as stipulated in clause 5.4.3 of the subject code.

The parameters are calculated as follows :pv = 0.6 X p y

Pv= A*Min(pv,qcr)

Where

Pv

py

t

D

is the design strength in N/mm^2

is the web thickness in mm

is the web depth in mm

For beam webs subjected to both bending and shear stresses the member should be

designed to satisfy the following relationship as per the stipulations of clause 5.5.2 of the

subject code

mk:@MSITStore:C:\SPro2006\STAAD\Help\International_Code.chm::/British_Codes/De... 1/28/2007

Design Equations

Page 5 of 7

Where

Fv

M

Mc

is the bending moment acting at the same section as F v

is the moment capacity determined in accordance with 5.2.2

The next table contains the input parameters for specifying values of design variables and selection of

design options.

Parameter Name

BEAM

Default Value

Description

1.0

to 1.0 (default), the

adequacy of the member

is determined by checking

a total of 13 equally

spaced locations along the

length of the member. If

the BEAM value is 0.0, the

13 location check is not

conducted, and instead,

checking is done only at

the locations specified by

the SECTION command

(See STAAD manual for

details. For TRUSS

members only start and

end locations are

designed.

CMZ

1.0

Coefficient of equivalent

uniform bending Cb. See

BS:5950-5:1998,5.6. Used

for Combined axial load

and bending design.

CMY

1.0

Coefficient of equivalent

uniform bending Cb. See

BS:5950-5:1998,5.6. Used

for Combined axial load

mk:@MSITStore:C:\SPro2006\STAAD\Help\International_Code.chm::/British_Codes/De... 1/28/2007

Design Equations

Page 6 of 7

CWY

1.0

work of forming

strengthening effect

should be included in

resistance computation.

See BS:5950-5:1998,3.4

Values: 0 effect should

not be included

1 effect should

be included

FLX

Specifies whether

torsional-flexural buckling

restraint is provided or is

not necessary for the

member. See BS:59505:1998, 5.6

Values:

0 Section not subject to

torsional flexural

buckling

1 Section subject to

torsional flexural buckling

FU

FYLD

KX

430 MPa

steel in current units.

MPa

1.0

and is unit-less. Values can range from 0.01 (for a column

completely prevented from buckling) to any user specified

large value. It is used to compute the KL/R ratio for twisting

for determining the capacity in axial compression.

KY

1.0

Effective length factor for overall buckling about the local Yaxis. It is a fraction and is unit-less. Values can range from

0.01 (for a column completely prevented from buckling) to any

user specified large value. It is used to compute the KL/R

ratio for determining the capacity in axial compression.

KZ

1.0

is a fraction and is unit-less. Values can range from 0.01 (for

a member completely prevented from buckling) to any user

specified large value. It is used to compute the KL/R ratio for

determining the capacity in axial compression.

LX

mk:@MSITStore:C:\SPro2006\STAAD\Help\International_Code.chm::/British_Codes/De... 1/28/2007

Design Equations

Page 7 of 7

length length. Values can range from 0.01 (for a member completely

prevented from torsional buckling) to any user specified large

value. It is used to compute the KL/R ratio for twisting for

determining the capacity in axial compression.

LY

length input in the current units of length. Values can range from

0.01 (for a member completely prevented from buckling) to

any user specified large value. It is used to compute the KL/R

ratio for determining the capacity in axial compression.

LZ

length input in the current units of length. Values can range from

0.01 (for a member completely prevented from buckling) to

any user specified large value. It is used to compute the KL/R

ratio for determining the capacity in axial compression.

MAIN

0 Do not check slenderness ratio

NSF

DMAX

RATIO

TRACK

1.0

2540.0

Maximum allowable depth. It is input in the current units of

cm.

length.

1.0

0

This parameter is used to control the level of detail in which

the design output is reported in the output file. The allowable

values are:

0 - Prints only the member number, section name, ratio, and

PASS/FAIL status.

1 - Prints the design summary in addition to that printed by

TRACK 1

2 - Prints member and material properties in addition to that

printed by TRACK 2.

mk:@MSITStore:C:\SPro2006\STAAD\Help\International_Code.chm::/British_Codes/De... 1/28/2007

- Structural Bamboo design in EA.pdfUploaded byMike Eugene Collins
- r891.pdfUploaded bylyeshiun
- Nsba Night School Course b1 Session 6Uploaded byLCS
- C Section M312-Report1Uploaded bySreejit Pillai
- Spreader Beam BLOCK EUploaded byvaminos
- The design of hybrid fabricated girders Part 1.pdfUploaded byLingka
- Effect of Reduced Brace Section on Behavior of SCBF BracingsUploaded byHugo Ramon
- CW LocalBucklingOfCantilever2Uploaded bybmyertekin
- Sfd API Rp 2a Wsd 22ndUploaded byRoberto Andrés Fernández Domínguez
- ICE PAPER Biaxial Bending of RC BeamUploaded byMARK Ho
- Extracts From EuroCode3Uploaded byprabhu81
- Lecture -13 Plate GirdersUploaded byNeil
- 20(1)0022Uploaded byAmy Vinehouse
- 242947072 Analysis Based 2D Design of Steel Storage Racks RR908Uploaded byMuhammad Junaid
- 3 Tubing Specification & Equipment Material SelectionUploaded byMaría Marquina
- A STUDY ON CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF FUSELAGE FOR A SMALL SCALE WIG VEHICLE USING COMPOSITE MATERIALSUploaded bykats2404
- 10.1-Seismic_OMRF-SMRF.pdfUploaded bynilesh_yerawar
- ME 2254 — STRENGTH OF MATERIALS april.may 2011.bakUploaded byPunitha Kumar
- CMAA-70 _ CranesUploaded byganesh_3
- ABS- Guidance for FE AnalysisUploaded byogio
- Rmbridgee TechUploaded bymukasa1971
- Structural Analysis and Design of Castellated Beam in Fixed Action.pdfUploaded byjory
- Imperfections.pdfUploaded byIngeniero Estructural
- Non Linear Buckling Analysis of LaminatedUploaded byDEEPAK
- ME 2254 — STRENGTH OF MATERIALS april.may 2011.bakUploaded byimamuddeen
- 7.4 Linear Buckling AnalysisUploaded byjingyong123
- VRSKA-STOLB SO NOSACUploaded byPane Ristovski
- Case Studies StaadUploaded bygeneric829820
- ABOLLADURA 1Uploaded byDavid Casarrubias A
- F09 CE470 Course OutlineUploaded by2011kumar

- DTU Fondations Profondes 13.2Uploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Ce717abutment CalcUploaded byElsaid Fathy
- BuildingCodeGuide-Englishv1.0Uploaded byMaría Helena
- Irrigation Tank Ss Ladder-17-7Uploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Design Loads for ManholesUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Laminate Composite ELASTIC MODULUS.pdfUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Box CulvertUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Mat Foundation DesignUploaded bysalahaddinsharif
- cables_uniform.pdfUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- 2668Uploaded byAnonymous 0GmaK60S
- Ch13_foundatnUploaded byamir_hozuri2006
- RP-C201Uploaded byDonald Hamilton
- SETTLEMENT (Problems & Solutions)Uploaded bykarlheinze
- barrier cable system.pdfUploaded bysdutta2591
- STAINLESS STEEL LADDER DESIGNUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- API Tank DesignUploaded byDD3NZ
- SAP2000SFD-EC-3-2005Uploaded byNguyen Minh Phap
- ETA Noncracked and Crack ConcreteUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Bomb Resistant DesignUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- E-TN-SFD-UBC97-LRFD-012Uploaded byNjilou Lagatic
- BS Example _ SteelUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Wastewater Treatment Plant Coating Systems-selecting and SourcingUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Shell ver$u$ membraneUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- WTP U of Sherbrooke ReportUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- Elv DetailsUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- water tank designUploaded byMoHaMmAd WaHeEd
- Safety Loads on VehiclesUploaded byDonald Hamilton
- FH-S0.0.05Uploaded byDonald Hamilton
- WTC Failure Analysis 01Uploaded byDonald Hamilton

- MAKALE-New Developments in FAA Airport PavementUploaded bygokhan
- Using Adams/Chassis - MD Adams 2010Uploaded bypkokatam
- Ring CounterUploaded bykumarinweb
- A methodology to control direct-fired furnaces.pdfUploaded byjandresb23
- PL7 Manual ReferenciaUploaded byFlori Je
- MAC OS 9 Install GuideUploaded byAdrian Gardner
- wase-graduate-to-careers-in-itUploaded byNaveen Babu
- The CLIL Resource PackUploaded byJuan Carlos Guerrero
- Developing HR Strategy and MetricsUploaded byJablack Angola Mugabe
- First Responders Guide to Computer ForensicsUploaded byBebita-Dris Jose Arnaldo
- Article ATFMUploaded byvasidharta
- 20150114_guidelines_current_list.pdfUploaded byABELWALID
- TOSHIBA_Satellite_L500_-_INVENTEC_PERUGIA_10MUploaded bybiplab_kabi
- Intermusic - Synth Programming - 5Uploaded byvioguitar
- Smart DocUploaded byNicole Dale
- Smart Car Parking SystemUploaded byIRJET Journal
- 3M and Six SigmaUploaded byVikraam Sharma
- How Steel Pipe is MadeUploaded byNss Giet
- Projection of Teachers Demand and Supply 2Uploaded bytaiyeiliasu
- Revit Structure Tutorials Imperial[1] 2008Uploaded byreeespinoza
- Usman HameedUploaded byUsman Hameed
- Huawei Enterprise Product Portfolio 2012Uploaded byNV
- 8-Port RS-232 Universal PCI Serial Board CP-168UUploaded byYopi Magfirudin
- newsletter reebUploaded byapi-252343578
- Grand Stream Gxw40xx User Manual EnglishUploaded byRicardo J. Franco
- 14-14348 simjunior ss rev4Uploaded byapi-240113285
- Service Manual - HVAC (HEATING, VENTILATION, AND AIR CONDITIONING)Uploaded byJairo Morales
- CoolantUploaded bymeetraj1999
- New Download Manual SBIIUploaded byariel2576
- [United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs] ReUploaded byDave Chaudhury