69 views

Uploaded by Christian Galope

Slides ni Sir Jeff? Not sure. :)

Slides ni Sir Jeff? Not sure. :)

© All Rights Reserved

- Marble Wood - A Gentle Unification of Quantum Theory and General Relativity (Cristi Stoica)
- ch10-2web-Revised
- QM_Hatom
- A00 Book EFSchubert Physical Foundations of Solid State Devices
- Complex Nanostructures by Pulsed Droplet Epitaxy
- Runge-Kutta Differential Equations
- Introduction.pdf
- Spin-Induced Forces and Three-Dimensional Exact Solutions
- 2.QM Theory Motion Rev16
- EM Genius and Mystery
- Statistical Physics - Fermi Dirac Distribution Function & Its Aplications in Thermodynamics
- R. S. Ram and P. F. Bernath- Fourier Transform Emission Spectroscopy of TaO
- BS Physics - Scheme of Studies
- Chemistry Syllabus Under Graduate 2013JuneB
- Intrinsic High-Frequency Behavior of a Symmetric Double-Barrier Structure Studied by Means of Self-Consistent Monte Carlo Particle Transport with Model Quantum Tunneling Dynamics
- double-well.pdf
- ch15
- Attachment.ashx
- J_S_Briggs_2008_J._Phys.__Conf._Ser._99_012002
- 2 Metal Complex Eq

You are on page 1of 60

Potential Barrier and Tunneling

Harmonic Oscillator

3D Schrdinger Equation

infinite square well to physical problems.

Schrdinger equation for an infinite square well potential.

Illustrate how a wavefunction evolves over time in this

system.

Calculate the wavelengths of photons emitted or absorbed

during transitions between energy levels.

()

=

=

= elsewhere

2 2 2

,

2

2

sin

= 1, 2, 3,

()

= +

= cos + sin

Outside the Well

=0

0

Energy Eigenstates

=

()

sin

3 ()

2 ()

Energy Eigenvalues

2 2 2

=

22

1 ()

, =

2

sin

General Soution

, =

sin

width of 0.125 nm. The electron makes a

transition from the = 1 to = 4 level by

absorbing a photon. What is the wavelength

of the photon?

3.44 nm

Choose between 7AM-9AM and 3PM-5PM.

Justify your answer.

eigenfunctions (time independent) of a

=

sin

2 2 2

=

22

?

An electron in a box is excited by a photon

with wavelength 415 nm from the ground

state to the first excited state. What is the

width of the box?

0.614 nm

(, )

Wave Function

Wave Function

| ,

(, )

Probability

Normalization

Expectation Values

+

() =

() ,

=1

=1

Schrdinger Equation

(, )

2 2 ,

=

+

(,

)

2 2

Separable Solution

, = =

2 2

+ = ()

2

2

Schrdinger Equation

(, )

2 2 ,

=

+

(,

)

2 2

General Solution

, =

Probability Amplitude

a finite square well for different regions.

Compare the corresponding energies to the

infinite square well energies.

Calculate the wavelengths of photons emitted or

absorbed during transitions between energy levels.

()

=

0

0 elsewhere

()

= cos + sin

Outside the Well

= +

2

=

2(0 )

()

Region

Region

= cos + sin

0

Region

=

()

0 = 6

3 = 5.09

2 = 2.43

1 = 0.625

0.50 nm and depth 0 = 6 . If the electron is

photon, what maximum wavelength can the

the well?

153 nm

PM. (12 items LH 35-38)

The depth of the well is six times the ground-level energy

of the corresponding infinite well. If the proton makes a

transition from the ground energy level to the second

excited level by absorbing a photon, find the wavelength of

the photon.

0 = 6 3 = 5.09

2 = 2.43

1 = 0.625

2.17 x 10-14 m

p = 1.673 1027 kg

predictions of some unbound systems.

particle into classically forbidden regions.

affect the probability of transmission

()

0 0 < <

zero elsewhere

Region

()

= +

Region

= +

Region

=

=

+

2

=

2(0 )

()

and

Region

()

= +

Region

= +

Region

=

2

=

2(0 )

2

2

0 sinh

= 1+

4 0

2 1

when 1

= 16

1

2

0

0

=

2(0 )

probability that the electron will tunnel

Scanning Tunneling Microscope

http://zotzine.uci.edu/v01/2009_02/images_issue/wilsonh

o/wilsonhoatom_p090218_03a.jpg

http://researcher.ibm.com/researc

her/view_project.php?id=4245

2015 11:59PM

Take Home Recit due today

+

()

zero

sin

and

encounters a barrier with height 0 and width

0.60 nm. What is the tunneling probability if

5.47 x 10-4

1.81 x 10-5

1.06 x 10-7

oscillator and a classical oscillator

during transitions between energy levels

Force of a spring

() =

Harmonic Oscillator Potential

1 2 1

= = 2 2

2

2

http://ffden2.phys.uaf.edu/211_fall2013.web.dir/Jody_Gaines/Images/Simple%20Harmonic%20Motion.gif

Harmonic Oscillator Potential

1

= 2 2

2

Time Independent

Schrdinger Equation

2 2

1

2 2 () = ()

2 2

2

Energy Eigenfunctions

1

4

1

2 !

2 /2

= 0, 1, 2, 3,

Hermite Polynomials ()

= 1

Energy Eigenvalues

1

= +

= 0, 1, 2, 3,

7

3 =

2

2 =

2

1

0 =

2

1 =

1

4

1

2 !

2 /2

1

= +

2

General Solution to the Schrodinger Equation

, =

of a harmonic oscillator potential with angular

frequency .

What is the wavefunction of the particle if it is

found to be in the ground state?

What is the wavefunction of the particle if it is

found to be in the first excited state?

0 , =

1/4

2 2

1 , =

1

4

1

2

2

3

2

2

harmonic oscillator vibrates with an angular

frequency of . The particle is prepared in a

state that has a 50-50 chance to be found in

either the ground or first excited state.

What is the wave function of this state

assuming all probability amplitudes are real?

, =

1

2

1

4

2

2

1

2

1

4

1

2

2

3

2

2

undergoes a transition from its = 3 to

the wavelength of the photon?

= 111 nm

harmonic motion with angular frequency equal

Find

9.49 x 10-22 J or 5.92 x 10-3 eV

transition = 4 to = 2 occurs.

5.24 x 10-5 m

dimension.

Generate the possible quantum states of a system by listing down

the corresponding quantum numbers.

Solve for the energy levels and energy eigenfunctions of a particle

in a 3-D box and determine the degeneracy of each level.

in 3-D in a harmonic potential and determine the degree of

degeneracy of each level.

transitions between energy levels.

2 2

, , ,

, , , + , , , , , , =

2

Separable Solution

, , , = , , ()

, , , = , ,

2 2

, , + (, , )(, , ) = (, , )

2

z

= 0 inside

= outside

2 2 2 2

+ 2 + 2 =

2

2

Separable Solutions

x

, , = ()

2 2

2

2

= ()

2 2

2

2

= ()

2

2

2

2

= ()

= + +

z

= 0 inside

= outside

Energy Eigenstates

, , , , = ()

y =

2

sin

2 2 2

=

22

2

sin

2 2 2

=

22

2

sin

2 2 2

=

22

Energy Eigenvalues

2 2 2 2 2

=

+ 2+ 2

2

2

dimensions = = =

What is the ground energy level of the particle?

31

state?

, =

sin

sin

sin

31/

How many states correspond in the first excited

energy level?

with dimensions

corresponding to the lowest 5 energy levels.

2nd Excited (1,2,1)

3rd Excited (2,1,1)

4th Excited (1,2,2)

= = 2 .

corresponding to the lowest 5 energy levels.

Write the energy of each level in terms of the

ground state 1 of a 1D infinite square well with

Quantum #s

Deg

(1,1,1)

1 or none

(2,1,1) (1,2,1)

2 1

2.25 1

(2,2,1)

31

1 or none

(3,1,1) (1,3,1)

3.5 1

(3,2,1) (2,3,1)

4.25 1

1

1

1

2

2

, , = + + 2

2

2

2

1

1

1

2

2

, , = + + 2

2

2

2

Energy Eigenstates

,, , , = ()

Energy Eigenvalues

1

1

1

= +

+ +

+ +

2

2

2

=

1 2

1

+ 2 + 2 = 2 ( 2 + 2 + 2 )

2

2

state of the particle? What is the energy of the ground state?

(b) List all down all the possible quantum numbers 1 , 2 , 3 that

corresponds to the first & second excited energy level. Find the first

& second excited energy, as well as the degree of degeneracy.

Quantum #s

Deg

(0,0,0)

1 or none

(0,0,1) (0,1,0)

(1,0,0)

2

5

(1,1,0) (1,0,1)

(0,1,1) (0,0,2)

(0,2,0) (2,0,0)

1 2

1

2

2

= + + = 2 ( 2 + 2 + 2 )

2

2

and fourth excited state. Compute for the corresponding energy and

degeneracy of each level.

Quantum #s

Deg

(1,2,0) (0,1,2) (2,1,0) (0,2,1)

(2,0,1) (1,1,1)

10

(1,3,0) (0,1,3) (3,1,0) (0,3,1)

(3,0,1) (2,0,2) (2,2,0) (0,2,2)

(1,1,2) (1,2,1) (2,1,1)

15

sides equal to 0.10 nm. What is the

wavelength of a photon the electron must

absorbed in order to raise its energy from

the ground energy level to the first excited

level?

= 1.10 108 m

harmonic potential with an associated angular

frequency of 1.80 x 1013 rad/s for all dimensions.

must absorb in order for the atom to transition

1.05 104 m

- Marble Wood - A Gentle Unification of Quantum Theory and General Relativity (Cristi Stoica)Uploaded byCristi Stoica
- ch10-2web-RevisedUploaded byTrip Adler
- QM_HatomUploaded bygvaris
- A00 Book EFSchubert Physical Foundations of Solid State DevicesUploaded byAhmet Emin Akosman
- Complex Nanostructures by Pulsed Droplet EpitaxyUploaded byAurel GS
- Runge-Kutta Differential EquationsUploaded byDan Cook
- Introduction.pdfUploaded byShweta Sridhar
- Spin-Induced Forces and Three-Dimensional Exact SolutionsUploaded bysid_senadheera
- 2.QM Theory Motion Rev16Uploaded byWiratama Nugroho
- EM Genius and MysteryUploaded byadi63
- Statistical Physics - Fermi Dirac Distribution Function & Its Aplications in ThermodynamicsUploaded byAyya Chann
- R. S. Ram and P. F. Bernath- Fourier Transform Emission Spectroscopy of TaOUploaded byAvcdas
- BS Physics - Scheme of StudiesUploaded byTanawush
- Chemistry Syllabus Under Graduate 2013JuneBUploaded byRD's Academy
- Intrinsic High-Frequency Behavior of a Symmetric Double-Barrier Structure Studied by Means of Self-Consistent Monte Carlo Particle Transport with Model Quantum Tunneling DynamicsUploaded byresalvino
- double-well.pdfUploaded byMohamed Elankoud
- ch15Uploaded byDonghyun Kim
- Attachment.ashxUploaded bychichieinstein
- J_S_Briggs_2008_J._Phys.__Conf._Ser._99_012002Uploaded bySayantan
- 2 Metal Complex EqUploaded bypogiatmagaganda
- Chapter 09Uploaded byAzwar Sutiono
- dft1Uploaded byRafael Rodrigues
- physics II dec 2002Uploaded byapi-3782519
- QiRUSSUploaded byLouis Davis
- Chapter 14.pptUploaded bySaranya Teddy
- 14 Measurement ModelsUploaded byneblinaria
- JURNAL BAGUSUploaded byShandy
- Quantum mechanics course microsoftpowerpoint-harmonicoscillator-motioninamagneticfieldUploaded byjlbalb
- G.S. Ezra et al- Semiclassical cycle expansion for the helium atomUploaded byOmasazz
- PDFUploaded byHarita

- ES 12 A.Y. 2009-10 1st Sem LQ1Uploaded byJeaYang
- CV 2060817 ResumeUploaded byFakhri Faishal
- Acad Calendar 16-17Uploaded byKenneth Dionysus Santos
- Lesson Plan (Teaching Demo) - Rational InequalitiesUploaded byChristian Galope
- 01-080817Uploaded byChristian Galope
- Env Sci Lecture 2 - June 9Uploaded byChristian Galope
- ES11LE3 ReviewerUploaded byChristian Galope
- ReactionsUploaded byChristian Galope
- 04 - Design of Steel Flexural MembersUploaded bySomi Khan
- 72-Syllabus-AY-17-18-1SUploaded byChristian Galope
- Ce 111 Thq Homework #2 - GalopeUploaded byChristian Galope
- CE 111 Syllabus 1st Sem 2017-2018Uploaded byChristian Galope
- GALOPE_WaterPollutioninthePhilippinesUploaded byChristian Galope
- Verbal CommunicationUploaded byChristian Galope
- CE 14 Course SyllabusUploaded byChristian Galope
- LE3 Sample ProblemsUploaded byChristian Galope
- Green's TheoremUploaded byChristian Galope
- CALCULUS II Sequences and SeriesUploaded bythestudent007
- Calc III Line IntegralsUploaded byJenniferXu
- Final ExamUploaded byChristian Galope
- CE 15 Take Home Computational Lab 9Uploaded byChristian Galope
- Assignment JarrellUploaded byChristian Galope
- ES-12-Probset-3-1Uploaded byChristian Galope
- Es 12 Finals ExercisesUploaded byChristian Galope
- ES 12 Probset 4Uploaded byChristian Galope
- 2009_sol_z_tableUploaded bySani Abu Naufal
- Mock Le3 Ay1516aUploaded byChristian Galope
- Math 55 Le 3 Samplex 002Uploaded byChristian Galope
- Math 55 Le 3 Samplex 004Uploaded byChristian Galope

- Bead on WireUploaded byAshish Bansal
- Variable End PointUploaded bykhicom
- mechanical design internals column notes.pdfUploaded byMas Arman Tewo
- Presentazione Innsbruck 2011 HandoutUploaded byanar
- Aluminum vs. SteelUploaded byاحمد عقل
- containment theory and variationUploaded byIPT
- ch05Uploaded bylangchan
- Development and Eigenvalue Calibration of an Automated Spectral Mueller Matrix Measurement SystemUploaded byHarsh Purwar
- Physics AS ClassifiedUploaded byMaaz Rashid
- 7021_chap02.pdfUploaded byMuhammad Ali Hafeez
- 2049_ch28B.pdfUploaded bySyed Shahabudeen
- Chemical KineticsUploaded byKhalil Lasfer
- New Microsoft Office Word DocumentgdfjfghjUploaded byJhun Michael Locus
- EASC1081 1710 Week 3 Tutorial Problems and Solutions (1)Uploaded byBishwajit Chowdhury
- Lecture 3Uploaded byMong
- Handy Hints for VariographyUploaded byMaame Adwoa Maisie
- Katalog PositorqueUploaded byShariq Khan
- 10.1.1.123.4494Uploaded byhazemismaeelradhi
- Zewail FeatureUploaded byHishamAsemMazal
- exam-17-december-2013-questions.pdfUploaded byDavid Victores
- Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures 1Uploaded byTelma Varela
- CFRPUploaded byaeroalan
- ECT207Uploaded byv2304451
- DatasheetUploaded bytimothyyang
- [Philip T. English DCR, Christine Moore DCR (Auth.Uploaded byÅri Budianto
- Reliance ElectricUploaded byDeepak Jain
- Elka Telkom Week 2Uploaded byAzHar Hr
- A New Design Approach for of Pneumatic ConveyingUploaded bypneucon
- TMS Energy Calculations Breasting Dolphin BenoaUploaded byqiqisalsabila
- AQA-PHYA2-W-QP-JAN09Uploaded bykiingkang