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Since 2005

Published in The Spirit of 1776

THE ANTELOPE VALLEY

POLITICAL OBSERVER
A FIRST AMENDMENT FREE PRESS

2015 The Antelope Valley Political Observer. All Rights Reserved


Volume X Number 12

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ACLU White Paper Exposes Failures in


California Dependency Court System
Crushing Caseloads
Forcing Dependency
Counsel to Cut Services,
Forgo Necessary
Investigation, Choose
Between Competing
Clients Needs

AUGUST 2015

Can the Government


Ban Anything?
LAURENCE M. VANCE
LewRockwell.com

Even though it is true that the govern-

EDITORS NOTE: The


June 2015 edition of The Political Observer newspaper
included a front page report
on an ACLU White Paper
exposing critical problems
within the California Dependency Court system. Reader
response was, as is always
the case when we publish Read previous issues of The Political Observer with CPS/DCFS coverage at scribd.com/tavpo
anything Child Protective
Services (CPS), related, adequate representation.
overwhelming. As a service The Judicial Council identito our readers, published be- fied improvements to the delow, is the ACLU White Pa- pendency system including
per System on the Brink a recommended optimal
in its entirety. The June 2015 caseload of 77 clients per atnewspaper is available on torney and, in 2007, ultimatethe on-line at www.scribd. ly adopted standards setting
Published in the New York Packet on November 23, 1787
the maximum caseload at
com/tavpo.
Authored by James Madison
188 clients per attorney.
To the People of the State of New York:
The dependency courts are Yet more than a decade after
AMONG the numerous advantages promised by a well-conentrusted with the most sen- Judicial Council recognized
sitive and critical of respon- the crisis of caseloads for structed Union, none deserves to be more accurately develsibilities: ensuring the health dependency counsel, the sit- oped than its tendency to break and control the violence of
and safety of children who uation has only grown more faction.
The friend of popular governments never finds himself so
have been victims of abuse dire.
Since 2009, the State has much alarmed for their character and fate, as when he conand neglect, and protecting
children and parents Rights not increased the budget for templates their propensity to this dangerous vice. He will not
the dependency courts while fail, therefore, to set a due value on any plan which, without
to familial integrity.
Federal and State law re- the number of open cases has violating the principles to which he is attached, provides a
proper cure for it.
quires robust procedural pro- continued to escalate.
The instability, injustice, and confusion introduced into the
Caseloads in many counties
tections in dependency court
proceedings to protect these are now double the maxi- public councils, have, in truth, been the mortal diseases unfundamental interests, in- mum standard of 188, and der which popular governments have everywhere perished;
cluding the right to appoint- some counties are experienc- as they continue to be the favorite and fruitful topics from
ed counsel for children and ing caseloads in excess of which the adversaries to liberty derive their most specious
400-500 clients per attorney. declamations.
parents.
The valuable improvements made by the American constituThe result is that an already
However, in 2002, the Judicial Council of California over-stressed system has tions on the popular models, both ancient and modern, cannot
certainly be too much admired; but it would be an unwarrantrecognized the States un- reached a breaking point.
This report examines the able partiality, to contend that they have as effectually obviatderfunding of dependency
counsel had led to unman- tragic consequences and le- ed the danger on this side, as was wished and expected.
Complaints are everywhere heard from our most considerate
ageable caseloads that left gal implications from Caliattorneys unable to provide
Continued on Page 15
Continued on Page 3

Federalist No. 10:

The Same Subject Continued:


The Union as a Safeguard Against
Domestic Faction and Insurrection

BILL OF RIGHTS

ment currently bans all kinds of things, I am


asking a serious question. Let me expand
and clarify it. Is the federal government
authorized by the Constitution to make illegal the possession of any substance that it
deems it to be harmful, hazardous, immoral, addictive, threatening, damaging, injurious, destructive, unsafe, or dangerous to
an individual or to society?

I am not talking about State governmentsthat is a separate


issue. I am talking about the U.S. national government that
was set up by the Constitution in 1789. The Constitution that
was amended in 1791, 1795, 1804, 1865, 1868, 1870, 1913,
1919, 1920, 1933, 1951, 1961, 1964, 1967, 1971, & 1992.
The Constitution that is the supreme law of the land. The
Constitution that all conservatives claim to revere. The Constitution that all conservatives say they expect the federal
government to follow.
The Constitution that conservatives drag out and dust off
every time there is an election. The Constitution that the Republican Party says it is the party of. The Constitution that
all members of Congress swear to support and defend. The
Constitution that the president swears to preserve, protect,
and defend. The Constitution by which the Supreme Court is
expected to judge all laws.
I have several times brought up this question of the government having the authority to ban anything in the context of
the federal governments War on Drugs.
In arguing that the Constitution nowhere authorizes the federal government to concern itself with the nature or quantity of any substance that any American wants to eat, drink,
smoke, inject, absorb, snort, sniff, inhale, swallow, or otherwise ingest into his body, I have sometimes added that the
federal government has no authority to ban drugs because it
has no authority to ban anything.
I have also occasionally pointed out that when the federal government sought to prohibit the manufacture, sale, or
transportation of intoxicating liquors after World War I, it
realized that it could only do so by amending the Constitution, hence the Eighteenth Amendment. I have even written a
whole article on this.
But is this really the case? Does the federal government really not have the authority to ban anything or was I just using
hyperbole?
First, in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, there are 18
paragraphs that enumerate the limited powers the Constitution grants to Congress.
Continued on Page 6

AMENDMENT I
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion; or prohibiting the Free
Exercise thereof; or abridging the Freedom of Speech, or of the Press; or the Right of The
People peaceably to Assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

The Antelope Valley Political Observer

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POLITICAL OBSERVER
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TNOTS has grown larger than we
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of Recreation and Culture Keri Smith.
Weve outgrown Poncitln Square
and we need to take a step back.
Unfortunately, with more than
3,000 people on two acres, it makes
for some very tight quarters,
Smith said. It is a challenge to provide the kind of service and activities that have made TNOTS such
a wonderful experience over the
years. We have so many kids each
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at craft activities. Its been difficult
to keep the sidewalks clear as people meander around the park and
we dont have enough parking for
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growth. But with each new addition
and every passing year, the events
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The City has also seen a large
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by outside groups at City facilities.
Departmentally, we have had to
redeploy our resources and make
operational adjustments to accommodate growth across the department, Smith noted.
What began as a small outdoor
market became a signature event
in the Antelope Valley, said Communications Manager John Mlynar. Annie Pagliaro, whom I call
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ways you can say were victims of
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AUGUST 2015

ACLU White Paper Exposes Failures in California Dependency Court System


of abuse or neglect. The purpose of dependency proceedings is to ensure the safety
and well-being of children and to protect the
Rights of children and their families.
Dependency courts have broad authority
over children and their families and can make
decisions that have enormous implications
for the lives and futures of both children and
parents.
For instance, dependency courts have the
power to order the removal of children from
their homes; send children to live with relatives or in foster care; terminate parents
Rights; create new parental Rights; or otherwise order services to advance childrens
needs.
Dependency cases are conducted in California superior court and are adversarial proceedings that involve three sets of parties:
the County, which investigates and files the
case alleging abuse or neglect; the parent(s)
alleged to have engaged in abuse or neglect;
and the child(ren) alleged to be a victim of
abuse or neglect.
The parties - the County, the parents and the
children - are generally represented by a licensed attorney throughout the proceedings.
By law, indigent children and parents must
be appointed counsel if they cannot afford
to retain one in proceedings where the child
is removed, or potentially may be removed,
from his or her parents custody.
A dependency case begins when the County either takes protective custody of a child
believed to be subject to abuse or neglect
or when it files a petition in the dependency
courts alleging abuse or neglect.
At the outset of a dependency proceeding, if
the dependency court determines that a child
should be removed from the custody of his or
her parents pending the litigation, the court
will do so and place the child with a relative,
with a non-relative extended family member,
in a foster home, in a group home, or in a
non-secure facility.
A case then proceeds through a complex
series of hearings in dependency court and,
if the case does not end in a settlement, culminates in a trial at which the parties present
witnesses and evidence regarding the alleged
abuse or neglect, rehabilitative efforts, and

Continued From Page 1


fornias failure to provide sufficient funding
for dependency counsel.
The crushing caseloads have put dependency counsel in an impossible situation, forcing
them to cut services, forgo necessary investigation and tasks, and choose between competing clients needs.

I represent over 300 clients. I have practiced family law for over 15 years, yet
I feel like I am drowning and
am failing my clients. Despite
working long hours, I am unable to meet with my clients
as much as I need to. I struggle to sufficiently investigate
the facts of each of my cases
or prepare my young clients
for court. In fact, when my
young clients come to court,
I often only have five to ten
minutes to spend with each
of them. I do not believe I
can provide my clients with
the representation they deserve.

- Julie McCormick, Staff Attorney at CLC


As a result, California is violating federal and
State constitutional provisions, as well as federal and State laws requiring the State to provide sufficient funding to enable dependency
counsel to provide competent and effective assistance to children and parents.
This report concludes that California must
provide sufficient funding to reduce caseloads for dependency counsel to comply
with federal and State legal requirements and
fulfill its obligations to provide adequate representation to children and parents in dependency proceedings.
What is Dependency Court?
Dependency courts adjudicate cases where
children are alleged to have been the subject

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the feasibility of various forms of reunification services.


At the close of the trial, the judge issues a
disposition setting temporary or permanent
terms of the childs placement and parental
Rights.
If a child is removed from his or her parents
care, the court conducts subsequent proceedings and reviews to determine whether to reunite the child with his or her parents or find
a permanent and stable alternative placement
for the child.
Depending on the nature of the disposition, the court may retain jurisdiction and
conduct periodic review hearings every six
months for up to 24 months to review the
case and assess the efficacy of any reunification services, and determine whether to alter
the terms of the disposition.
If the court decides to terminate reunification services, the court then must make findings regarding a permanent placement plan.
That plan may include adoption, guardianContinued on Page 4

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ACLU White Paper Exposes Failures in California Dependency Court System


Continued From Page 3

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ship, or continued foster care.


Dependency Counsel Plays a Critical
Role in Protecting Children & Families
By law, indigent children and parents generally must be appointed counsel if they cannot afford to retain one. On very
rare occasions, a child or non-minor dependent is not represented by counsel if the court determines that he or she would
not benefit from the appointment of counsel.
Dependency attorneys fall under two general categories attorneys who represent children and attorneys who represent
parents. Attorneys who represent children are responsible for
advocating for the protection, safety, and physical and emotional well-being of the child or non-minor dependent.
These attorneys serve both as the childs guardian ad litem
and attorney.
Parents are also entitled to counsel and have the option of either retaining their own private counsel or being represented
by a court-appointed attorney if they cannot afford counsel.
Attorneys who represent parents are responsible for advocating for their clients Rights, which most often involves
challenging the allegations against them and helping to reunify them with their children.
Due to the complexity of dependency proceedings, the need
for the court to monitor parents and childrens progress, and
the need for the court to enforce its orders and ensure that services are being provided as ordered, attorneys often represent
clients for years.
Dependency Counsel in California
The Judicial Council has established maximum caseload
standards to ensure that counsel appointed to represent children and parents in dependency proceedings can devote sufficient time and resources to provide each of their clients with
competent and effective representation.
In 2000, the California legislature amended section 317 of
the Welfare & Institutions Code to require that the Judicial
Council promulgate rules establishing caseload standards,
training requirements, and guidelines for appointment of
counsel for children.
In response to the legislative mandate, in 2002, the Judicial
Council conducted a comprehensive study of caseloads of
court-appointed dependency counsel and concluded that the
optimum caseload for attorneys was 77 clients and that the
absolute maximum caseload should be no greater than 141
clients per full-time dependency attorney.
The report found that no attorney could maintain a base-level standard of performance if his or her caseload exceeded
that figure. The report also found that the Statewide caseload
average in California was 273 clients per attorney, almost
doubling the Judicial Councils recommendation.
Following its publication of the 2002 study, the Judicial
Council refrained from formally setting either the 77 or 141
figures as a firm maximum. Instead, the Judicial Council
developed the Dependency Representation, Administration,
Funding, and Training (DRAFT) program, which centralized the administration of court-appointed counsel services
in certain counties in an attempt to reduce caseloads and improve services to children and families in dependency proceedings.
After monitoring the implementation of the DRAFT program, the Judicial Council subsequently revised its recommended maximum caseload standard to 188 in order to ac-

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count for assistance from investigators and social workers,


as well as the fiscal realities of funding for the California
courts.
In October 2007, the Judicial Council formally adopted a
maximum caseload standard of 188 clients per attorney. This
caseload figure assumes that each full-time attorney is aided
by one-half of the time of a full-time investigator or social
worker.

I have been practicing law for


13 years. I currently have over 350
child clients and am in a constant
state of triage. I have so many cases that I am barely able to keep my
head above water. I am constantly
terrified that Ill miss something important when Im representing my
clients. - Sarah Oliver, Attorney at CLC and
Child Welfare Specialist

The Judicial Council recognized the standard is significantly


higher than the caseload standards promulgated by the American Bar Association and the National Association of Counsel for Children, which recommend a maximum caseload of
100 clients per full-time practitioner.
The Judicial Councils standard also far exceeds the maximum caseload standards set by other States. For example,
Massachusetts has set a set a maximum caseload limit for
open Children and Family Law cases that an attorney may
carry at 75; Arkansas has set a maximum caseload limit for
dependency-neglect cases of 75; in Washington, no public
defense attorney can have a caseload of over 80 open juvenile
dependency cases; Wyoming has set a caseload limit of 100
for court-appointed attorneys in juvenile court cases; and in
New York, no court-appointed attorney may represent more
than 150 children at any time.
Georgia has a 100-client caseload maximum for dependency
attorneys, which was set by a judicial order by a U.S. District
Court in Kenny A. v. Perdue, 218 F.R.D. 277 (N.D. Ga. 2003).
The Judicial Council candidly admitted that, [w]hile not
optimal, the California judicial branch caseload standard reflects a pragmatic fiscal realism regarding the court-appointed counsel program.
Around the time the Judicial Council was finalizing its caseload standard, in 2006, Chief Justice Ronald M. George established the California Blue Ribbon Commission on Children in Foster Care.
The Blue Ribbon Commission, headed by California Supreme Court Justice Carlos Moreno, was tasked with providing recommendations to the Judicial Council on ways in
which the courts and their partners can improve safety, permanency, well-being, and fairness for children and families
in the child welfare system.
The Blue Ribbon Commissions efforts culminated in the
publication of a final report in May 2009. The report opened
by declaring that: Californias Dependency Court system
is overstressed and under-resourced, burdened by crowded
dockets and inadequate information.
The Blue Ribbon Commission further explained Juvenile
dependency court attorneys, who represent children and parents in court, have an average caseload of 273, which far exceeds the recommended caseload standard of 188 recently
adopted by the Judicial Council.
In some counties, attorney caseloads rise to 500 or 600.
Children and parents sometimes do not meet their attorneys
until moments before their hearings, which not only limits
their opportunity to speak in court, but means attorneys often
have inadequate information about a childs life.
To address these concerns, the Blue Ribbon Commission
recommended that [t]he Judicial Council advocate for the
resources, including a stable funding source, necessary to
implement the councils recently adopted attorney caseload
Continued On Page 5

Authored by local
A.V.U.H.S.D. educator
Sue Strom, Born Angry
addresses the issues
educators, school
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students face on a
regular basis.
Born Angry can be bought
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Search by title or author.

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AMENDMENT IV

The Right of The People to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches
and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or
affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and persons or things to be seized.

AUGUST 2015

Crushing Caseloads Forcing Dependency Counsel to Cut Services, Forgo


Necessary Investigation, Choose Between Competing Clients Needs
Continued From Page 4
standards, to implement caseload standards for social workers, and to develop and implement caseload standards for social services agency attorneys.
Current Caseloads in the Dependency Courts
Despite the Blue Ribbon Commissions dire findings and
unequivocal recommendations, the situation has only deteriorated in recent years.
Since the Blue Ribbon Commissions report was issued in
2009, California not only has failed to increase the budget
for the dependency courts to meet Judicial Councils caseload
standards, it has not increased the budget at all.
The California State budget for the dependency courts has
remained flat at approximately $103.7 million each year from
2009 to present. At the same time, the number of dependency
cases filed in the superior courts has continued to climb, as
have operations costs.
As a result, dependency attorneys are forced to represent
even more clients with no additional resources. These burdens have been felt across the State but particularly acutely
in Los Angeles County, which handles the largest number of
dependency cases in California - approximately 40% of all
cases.
In Los Angeles County, the nonprofit organizations that represent children and parents in dependency proceedings have
seen enormous increases in their total number of clients and
attorney caseloads in recent years.
From 2009 to present, the Childrens Law Center of California (CLC), the nonprofit that represents children has
seen the number of its active clients climb by roughly 5,000
children, and today represents more than 30,000 children in
open cases.
In 2009, its attorneys represented on average approximately 270 children each in open cases. Today, the same attorneys average roughly 325 children. Further compounding the
problem, between 2011 and 2015, per client funding in Los
Angeles dependency courts fell from $646 to $605 for children in proceedings.
The Los Angeles Dependency Lawyers (LADL), the
nonprofit that represents parents, has experienced a similar
growth in caseloads. From 2009 to present, there has been an
increase of over 4,000 parents in open cases, leaving its 86
case-carrying attorneys to represent over 21,000 parents who
are currently in open cases.
During that time period, the average caseload for its attorneys has increased by about 40 clients, from 213 to 250.

dency proceedings.
California State law, as well as the federal and State constitution, requires that dependency counsel provide competent and effective representation to children and parents.
It is well-established that counsel can only provide such effective representation where they maintain caseloads that
enable them to devote sufficient time and resources to each
client.

I have been a childrens attorney for seven years and I currently


represent 317 children. In reflecting on my practice, I would say the
most frustrating thing about our
large caseloads is that we are often
forced to pick only the most urgent
issues. I am always jumping from
one emergency to the next. I often
dont have time to follow up to ensure that my clients lives are tended to. I dont have time to do my job
the way my clients deserve and the
way I want to practice.
- Edward Tsang, Staff Attorney at CLC

Current caseloads for California dependency counsel are far


in excess of what Judicial Council and other experts have determined are the maximum that an attorney can carry and still
provide the competent and effective assistance required by
law.
The current, excessive caseloads also violate federal laws
that require California - as a recipient of federal funding under the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act and Child
Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act - to ensure adequate legal representation of children in dependency proceedings that
can protect the childs health and safety.
Californias failure to meet these federal legal requirements
not only violate childrens Rights as beneficiaries of the federal programs, but also risk the loss of significant federal
funding under these programs.
Section 317(c) of the Welfare and Institutions Code requires
that dependency counsel maintain a caseload that ensures
adequate representation of the[ir] child or non-minor depenExcessive caseloads are the pri- dent clients. In 2000, the California legislature amended secmary indicator that attorneys can- tion 317(c) to require the Judicial Council to promulgate rules
establishing caseload standards for dependency counsel.
not serve as competent counsel to
The revised section 317(c) provides, in relevant part: The
their clients because, as the Judicial appointed counsel shall have a caseload and training that enCouncil recognized, high caseloads sures adequate representation of the child or non-minor dependent. The Judicial Council shall promulgate rules of court
prevent attorneys from performing that establish caseload standards, training requirements, and
even the minimum tasks required to guidelines for appointed counsel for children and shall adopt
rules as required by Section 326.5 no later than July 1, 2001.
represent their clients.
After performing several comprehensive studies and issuing
Other counties across California face similar conditions. Fif- a number of reports, in October 2007, the Judicial Council
teen counties are so under-resourced that caseloads are more formally adopted a maximum caseload standard of 188 per
than double the Judicial Councils maximum standard, with attorney, with a 0.5 FTE investigator/social worker complemany counties having average caseloads well above 400 clients. ment for each attorney.
Despite setting the standard, the Judicial Council acknowlFor example, in 2014-15, Riverside County dependency
edged
that there is widespread recognition that there is not
counsel carry an average caseload of 461, San Bernardino
County dependency counsel carry an average caseload of 418 currently sufficient funding available to implement that stanclients, Tulare County dependency counsel carry an average dard.
Now, almost eight years later, despite the legislatures and
caseload of 456, and Ventura County dependency counsel
Judicial Councils clear mandate that attorneys in dependencarry a caseload of 500.
The effect of the States underfunding has been compounded cy proceedings must maintain reasonable caseloads that may
in some counties by the Judicial Councils allocation of State not exceed 188, caseloads and the burdens on dependency
funding. The Judicial Councils allocation formula has his- counsel have only increased since that time.
Chronic underfunding has allowed dependency attorney
torically left certain counties with less than their proportional
caseloads to surge above 300 in Los Angeles County and
share of the dependency case workload.
The Judicial Council recently took steps to allocate funding
Continued on Page 11
based on each courts workload within four years but - even
under a workload-based allocation - the dependency courts
PALMCASTER
across the State will remain far below the funding necessary
Equipment Rentals, Inc.
to reduce caseloads to State standards.
U-Haul Rentals
As the Judicial Council acknowledges, at current funding
levels, at the conclusion of the four-year implementation
633 Columbia Way
plan, dependency courts will only receive 75.7% of funding
Palmdale
CA 93551
required to reduce caseloads to the 188 maximum.
Caseloads also have grown as a result of the passage of AB
661.723.1400
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Fax: 661.945.9696
children who remain in foster care through age 21.
Mon-Sat
Californias failure to sufficiently fund dependency counsel
7AM to 5PM
violates the Due Process guarantees of the federal and State
constitutions, and federal and State laws governing depenROUND
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No persons shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment
or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when
in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence
to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness
against himself, nor be deprived of Life, Liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall
private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

The Antelope Valley Political Observer

Tickets on Sale Now for


City of Lancasters
Third Annual Field of
Just like the federal government Drafts Craft Beer Festival

Can the Government Ban Anything?


Continued From Page 1
Limited powers. Very limited powers. Four of them concern money or
taxes. One concerns commerce.
One concerns naturalization and
bankruptcies. One concerns post
offices and post roads. One concerns copyrights and patents. One
concerns federal courts.
One concerns maritime crimes.
Six concern the military and the
militia. One concerns the governance of the District of Columbia.
And the last one gives Congress

the power to make all Laws which


shall be necessary and proper for
carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers.
Since the Twenty-First Amendment Repealed the Eighteenth,
nothing in any of the Constitutions
amendments gives the federal government any additional power to
ban something.
Second, anything not so enumerated in Article I, Section 8, of
the Constitution is reserved to the
States. Period.
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the States were in existence before


the Constitution, the States sent
delegates to the Constitutional
Convention who created the Constitution, and the States ratified the
Constitution.
And just to make sure there is no
doubt about what is delegated and
what is reserved, the Tenth Amendment states: The powers not delegated to the United States by the
Constitution, nor prohibited by it to
the States, are reserved to the States
respectively, or to the people.
James Madison succinctly explained this simple federal system
of government in Federalist No. 45:
The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the Federal
Government, are few and defined.
Those which are to remain in the
State governments are numerous
and indefinite. The former will be
exercised principally on external
objects, as war, peace, negotiation,
and foreign commerce; with which
last the power of taxation will, for
the most part, be connected. The
powers reserved to the several
States will extend to all the objects
which, in the ordinary course of
affairs, concern the lives, liberties,
and properties of the people, and
the internal order, improvement,
and prosperity of the State.
So, what does all of this mean for
Americans in the 21st century? It
means the same thing it meant in
the 18th, 19th and 20th century.
The federal government has no
authority whatsoever under the
Constitution to ban the possession
of not just any drugincluding cocaine, heroin, and methbut also
moonshine, any kind of gun, any
type of ammunition, elephant ivory, exotic animals, Cuban cigars,
unlicensed dentures, home-brewed
beer and wine, and bald eagles.
Just like the federal government has
no authority whatsoever under the
Constitution to mandate that pharmacies keep Sudafed and other allergy medicines behind the counter.
Just like the federal government
has no authority whatsoever under
the Constitution to declare a portion of your property a wetland and
fine and imprison you for filling it
in with dirt.

has no authority whatsoever under


the Constitution to limit the number
of withdrawals that Americans can
make from their savings accounts
each month.
One can search the Constitution all
morning, all afternoon, all evening,
all day, and all night with an electron microscope, x-ray vision, and
MRI machine, the latest NSA spyware, and night-vision goggles and
never find the hint of a reference
to the federal government having
the authority to prohibit Americans
from possessing some object.

It cant be any other


way, since the States
were in existence
before the Constitution, the States sent
delegates
to
the
Constitutional Convention who created
the Constitution, and
the States ratified
the Constitution.
Conservatives want to be applauded for expressing their fidelity
to the Constitution just for saying
that Obamacare should be repealed
because it is unconstitutional.
But since it is clear that the Constitution doesnt authorize the federal government to ban anything,
it is likewise clear that conservatives - and especially Republican
members of Congress - are not only
woefully ignorant of the document
they claim to hold in such high esteem, but are in fact enemies of the
Constitution because they support
almost every one of the federal
governments illegitimate and unconstitutional prohibitions on possessing certain objects.
That the federal government unconstitutionally criminalizes the
possession of so many things is bad
enough.
But that the vast majority of Americans accept this as legitimate is
even more troubling.

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The Field of Drafts CBF will be


held Saturday, November 7, 2015
from 1-5p at Lancaster Municipal
Stadium The Hangar, Home of
the Lancaster JetHawks located
at 45116 Valley Central Way. VIP
tickets are $75 and will only be
available for purchase online and at
Lancaster City Hall.
VIP tickets include entrance into
the Festival at noon; exclusive access to a specialty beer selection
not available to general admission
attendees; complimentary food;
preferred parking; and an event
souvenir. A limited quantity of VIP
Designated Driver tickets are available for $20 and include access to
the VIP area and free food.

General admission tickets are $45,


and include live music, sports entertainment and a delectable selection of craft beers from more than
30 of the finest brewers in the western United States.
Enjoy a $5 discount on general admission tickets purchased prior to
September 1. Military and seniors
(ages 55 and up) receive a $10 discount on general admission and
VIP tickets.
Designated Drivers (DD) will be
admitted for $10, with proof of a
valid drivers license at time of admission. DD admission includes a
ticket for food and a non-alcoholic
beverage. Parking is $5.
Purchase your tickets early to secure a spot at the hottest beer festival around.
You may visit the following locations to purchase tickets in-person:
Bravery Brewing
42705 8th Street West
Kinetic Brewing Company
735 West Lancaster Blvd.
BeX Bar & Grill
706 West Lancaster Blvd.
Lancaster City Hall
Parks, Recreation & Arts Dept
44933 Fern Avenue
Lancaster Performing Arts Center
750 West Lancaster Blvd.
Lancaster Museum
of Art & History
665 West Lancaster Blvd.
The Hangar
Lancaster Municipal Stadium
45116 Valley Central Way
The City of Lancaster reminds
attendees to drink responsibly.
Taxi services will be available for
patrons requiring a lift home and
security will be provided onsite to
guard any vehicles left overnight.
Last call will take place at 4p.
To purchase your tickets online,
visit www.fieldofdrafts.com. Call
the Citys Parks, Recreation and
Arts Department at 661.723.6077
for more information, or visit Lancaster City Hall.

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AMENDMENT VI

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the Right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial
jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been
previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be
confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his
favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.

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Donald Trump, the new darling of the Republican Party,


is currently leading the field of 17 candidates with 20% of
the vote, according to the most recent Quinnipiac University
poll.
According to his supporters Trump is admired because he
speaks his mind. Oh my, I, then, must be much admired by
the Republican Party because I, too, speak my mind.
Unlike Trump I actually fact-check before speaking, but
thats another issue.
Trump is successful. We know because he keeps telling
us hes rich. To Republicans, wealth equals success, middle-class equals lack of intelligence and poverty equals abject
failure.
Perhaps this definition of success most distinguishes Democrats and Republicans.
I consider myself a successful person even though I am not
wealthy, nor have I ever had a burning ambition to be rich.
I define success like this, Today did I make someones life
easier? Provided I can answer yes, I feel Ive had a successful day.
I dont reap the admiration of the right-wing because I am
concerned about the wrong thing. Unlike Trump, I want to
help people instead of amassing more money than I can spend
in my lifetime.
Trump explains his fortune like this, I made money the old
fashioned way - in Real Estate.
In truth, he made his money as so many fat cat Republicans
do, he inherited it. Born with a silver spoon in his mouth,
thanks to the work of his father, millionaire Real Estate tycoon, Fred Trump, he lived the posh life of privilege.
He expanded his fathers success, no doubt, with the help of
his inheritance of somewhere between $40 million and $200
million.

According to his supporters Trump


is admired because he speaks his
mind. Oh my, I, then, must be much
admired by the Republican Party
because I, too, speak my mind.
It is hard not to be rich when you are given tens of millions.
Blunt and vague are Trumps watch words. His latest pronouncement is that he is going to round-up the approximately
11 million illegal immigrants in the U.S. and ship them all
back to where they came from.
He assures us that because he is a businessman he can man-

age it. Then hes going to let the good ones back.
I shudder to think how he defines the good ones.
Since I am not rich, maybe I am lacking the intelligence
to figure this out, but, what is going to happen to the U.S.
economy if suddenly 11 million people are not paying rent
or mortgage payments, or not buying groceries or gasoline?

In truth, Trump made his money as


so many fat cat Republicans do, he
inherited it. Born with a silver spoon
in his mouth, thanks to the work of
his father, millionaire Real Estate tycoon, Fred Trump, he lived the posh
life of privilege.
Even if we divide that 11 million into families of four, thats
2.75 million people not spending money.
And thats 2.75 million jobs that nobody is doing.
How many businesses will close? Putting how many more
people out of work?
Are Trumps hotel rooms going to get cleaned?
Who will pick the crops? Who is going to mow your lawns?
Will we just import all of our fruits and vegetables from
Mexico?
When youre rich the thought of yet another massive Republican created economic collapse does not phase you.
You will undoubtedly not only survive but will be able to
buy-up foreclosed houses and businesses for a song.
Eventually, when the Democrats return to power and right
the economy, you will sell and double your wealth.
Ah, Trump is not as dumb as I thought. Deporting 11 million
immigrants and creating a depression will, eventually, make
him even more successful.
Oh, now I get it. Donald Trump wants to be president so he
can destroy the American economy, so that down the road, he
can make a killing in Real Estate.
Apparently Im not the only one to have figured this out.
According to the Quinnipiac poll 30% of Republicans say
they would definitely not vote for Trump.
Thank God for Republicans who think.
The opinions expressed in this column are those of Sue
Brax, not The Political Observer newspaper.

I dont make jokes - I just watch the


government and report the facts.
-- Will Rogers

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AMENDMENT VII
In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the Right
of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in
any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

The Antelope Valley Political Observer

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3001 Rancho Vista Blvd.


Palmdale, CA 93551
PalmdaleHomes.net

HOUSE FOR RENT


BY METTERS RENTALS

MomsHouse is a 501 (C) (3)


non-profit dedicated to
ensuringour elders engage
In active livinglifestyles.
We do this with seminars
& events geared towards
stimulating active living.
I am Donna L. Dennis-Hill,
Executive Director of
MomsHouse.

661.529.2985

Mara Esparaza

ONE MONTH
5 LINES = $25
+ FREE PHOTO
661.547.6129

LUXURYPOOLHOME
4Bed, 3Bath Over 2600
sq./ft. POOL Home
Located on Cul de Sac.
Price is Only $255,000

PENDING
$234,000 / 43614 Cajun St.
Lancaster, CA 93535

Please Pass On The


Savings To Friends/Family!
*Most Cars / *Exp. 9/30/15
Valid w/coupon only.
213 W. Pondera St.
in Lancaster

661.949.8338

3,610SF

26503 China Pl. Palmdale


Ana Verde View Home!!!
4 Bedroom 3 Baths
On 1 acre Beautifully
Landscaped

$163,000

$315,000
4Bed, 3Bath, Beautiful
TURN KEY Condition
Home on Quiet Street in
a Great Westside
Neighborhood.

PENDING
$249,987 / 3021 E Ave. J14
Lancaster, CA 93535

1,103SF

2860 Juniper Dr. in East


Palmdale

2 Bedrooms 2 Baths
Standard Sale. Tile Floor
Throughout. New
Countertops & Fresh Paint.

PENDING
$263,000
36457 Eveningside Drive
Palmdale, CA 93552

WEST PALMDALE
Lovelyhomeon CulDe
Sac, 3+3,2149sq/ft,
builtin 2006.
Price is Only $265,000

Only $279,000!

1,885SF
43321 Windrose Ln. in
Lancaster
2 Beds 2 Baths Corner Lot,
Fantastic View and Pool.

661.948.7622

HOME IMPROVEMENT

PENDING

$285,000

One Stop Performance Shop


Automotive & RV Repair
We Build Race Cars That Win
at The Track! We Install What
We Sell. In-House CHASSIS
44528 Beech Ave. in Lancaster

$222,000 / Price Reduced!


4134 E Avenue R12
Palmdale CA 93552

GARAGE DOORS
& GATES

Laundry Room,
Front & Back Yard,
Utilities Paid Separate.

Sales, Service & Repair


Ask For Alfonso

661.533.3088

Lovely home in
West Palmdale

ELECTRICIAN

3+2, 3 car garage,


1,738 sq. ft. built 1992.
PRICE REDUCED
$540,000 / 6820 Tyrone
Van Nuys CA 91405

$324,900

ELECTRIC

HARPER ELECTRIC
Jason Sanchez
Owner
License# 981556

BUSINESS FOR SALE!

2,587SF

1806 Dawnridge Ct
in Palmdale
5 Bedrooms 3 Baths
built in 1991

Highly Profitable DryCleaning Business with


State-of-the-Art Equipment.
Profits Up to $15,000
Net a Month.
Price is Only $335,000.

661.805.9698
$217,500 / Price Reduced
37034 La Contempo Avenue
Palmdale CA 93550

For the Best in the


Valley Call

Greg Galli
#1 Agent for listings sold
#1 Agent for overall closed
transactions in 2014

BUSHU ELECTRIC

SOLDOVERFULLPRICE!

WestPalmdaledream
home4+3withpool,
2091sq/ft,built1997

$295,000 4748 E Chalone Dr.


Palmdale CA 93552

ONE MONTH 5 LINES $25

AMENDMENT VIII

Residential or Commercial
Get It Done Right
The First Time With Skilled
Technicians, Excellent
Service & Quality Parts.

661.943.0210

Carpet & Tile Flooring


New Paint Indoor / Outdoor
$1875 p/Month
Mention The Political Observer & Get $75 Discount
on First Months Rent.
Or One Month FREE Rent
O.A.C. w/One Year Lease

661.547.6129

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

AUGUST 2015

ONE COLUMN
ONE YEAR = $500
661.547.6129
MISCELLANY FOR SALE
ALL ITEMS
8a-8.30p ONLY

661.272.9273
AUTOMOTIVE

CHILTON TOYOTA
TRUCK REPAIR MANUAL
$30. Toyota Trucks 19701988. Includes Wiring &
Vacuum Diagrams for
Land Cruiser & 4Runner.
4WD & Diesel Engines.

COMMUNITY CLASSIFIEDS
MUSIC INSTRUCTION

CARS FOR SALE

GUITAR LESSONS
IN YOUR HOME

WE BUY JUNK CARS

Mention This Ad in
The Political Observer
Newspaper For A

$5 Discount
On 1ST Lesson!

Car & Truck Repair


Diesel Too!

661.886.6782

CARS FOR SALE


All Cars Sold As Is

661.609.0685
BEAUTY

BABY/KIDS STUFF
OLDER FOLDABLE
SINGLE BABY STROLLER
$25. Heavy Duty, Built
Tough. Folding Top &
Bottom Storage Basket.

ELECTRONICS
SLIDE PROJECTOR,
SCREENS & REELS
$88. From 1960s-1970s.
Brand Name is Grand Prix.
Sold as Set. I Will Not
Break-up. Works
& Looks Great.
MICROPHONE
KOSS BRAND
$18. Not Wireless.
Has Cord. Looks &
Works Great. Ready Now.
HANDHELD
ULTRAVIOLET LAMP
$40. Built-in Ballast.
120 Volts. Has Electric
Cord. Made in U.S.A.
Looks & Works Great.

PATIO & GARDEN

3-SIDED PLASTIC GATE /


PORTABLE BARRIER
$44. Strong & Durable
Vinyl. Easily Put-up &
Taken-down. 33 Wide
x 40.5 Tall x 99 Long.
BIG ROLL
BLACK VINYL FENCE
$44. Measures 510 Tall
x 43 Long. Has 2x2
Square Holes. Ready Now
to Block Dogs or Kids.

CLASSIC CARS
1969 FISHER BODY
SERVICE MANUAL
$35. Includes Everything
But Motor & Tranny.
Great Value. Rare Find.
Great Condition for Age.

FURNITURE

ANTIQUE WOODEN CHAIR


$48. This is a Real-Old
Solid Wood Chair.
Mid-1940s to Mid-1950s.
May Be an Old, SchoolHouse Chair. Sturdy &
Stable. Ready to Refurbish.
METAL FRAME BAR STOOL
$20. Solid & Stable.
Only One. Could Use
Paint Job. Measures 44
Tall (Back) x 31 Tall (Seat)
21 Wide, 16 Deep.

Love everything about your hair!

AVDREADLOCKS.COM

98 HONDA CIVIC
$1,200

@AVDREADLOCKS

661.916.6318

ICE CREAM TRUCK


$4,500 - Runs Great!
Be Your Own Boss!

661.810.1315

!!! NEW LISTING !!!


ENTERTAINMENT
FunPhoneTime
Blow Vapor

2001 CHEVY CARGO VAN


$1,500
PRESCHOOL & FULL DAY
KINDERGARTEN
Educating Our Children
Using Christian Values.
ABEKA Christian Curriculum
Lic. #s: 197417439,
197417574, 197418134
Infants Age Two Months,
All Subsidized Programs
Welcome
acaringtouchcenter.org
info@acaringtouchcenter.org
3035 East Ave S, Palmdale

FORD 1 TON FLATBED /


DUMP TRUCK
$2,100

Specializing in Automobiles

FREE!

25% Off Any Mod

661.945.8820
HOME FOR RENT

LOCKSMITH

Especialista en
Llaves de Autos
Servicio a Domicillio
!Vamos Hasta Donde
Usted lo Necesite!
*GRATIS Copia Mecanica
de su Llave con el Servicio
y al Presentar Este Anuncio
*Aplican Restricciones

VAPE: Buy 4 Liquids


& Get 5th Liquid

*must present this ad.


valid thru 9/04/15

661.533.3910

MR. E. KEY,
THE LOCKSMITH

Located in The
Lancaster Marketplace
2330 Mall Loop Rd #111
Lancaster, CA. 93536
MONEY SAVING
COUPON

1998 MERCEDES BENZ


$1,700

ROSAMOND
RANCH HOME
5830 Holiday Dr.
4Bedroom, 2Bath on 2.5
Acres. Move-in Ready.
Two RV Hook-ups.
Fenced & Gated.

661.466.9782
!!! SPECIAL !!!

93 TOYOTA 4-RUNNER
$1,700

PERSIAN RUGS
HANDMADE
Different Sizes, Great
Gift! Moving Sale
Great Prices! Call Ray

Mobile Service,
We Come to You!

661.810.1315

*FREE Mechanical Key


w/Service. Must Present Ad
*Restrictions Apply

FOOD

661.478.6327

HOBBY / RECREATION

2004 PT CRUISER
$2,100

South Antelope Valley


Emergency Services
(SAVES)
1002 East Avenue Q-12
Palmdale, CA 93550
661/267-5191
This food program is in
collaboration with the L.A.

1986 PLYMOUTH HORIZON


$1,200

Regional Food Bank, and


is funded by the EFAP.
Through this program
families and individuals

OFFICE SPACE

FOR SALE

661.350.5207

CHRISTIAN CHILDCARE

TRANSOM MOUNT
FOR SMALL BOAT
$38. Strong & Secure.
Made of Solid Steel. Has
Clamps. Firm on Price.

661.945.0202

Best Bed Bug Man in Town


Steven Moore
Owner
31 Years
Experience
Licensed Bonded Insured
Lic. #PR5695, #OPR11747
The Singing
Pest Control Man!

BOATS

PRIME PROFESSIONAL
OFFICE SPACE &
EXECUTIVE SUITES
FOR LEASE
From 150 to 10,000 sq. ft.
All Conveniently Located
Near the Antelope Valley
Hospital Medical Center.
LancasterCommercial
Properties.net

PEST CONTROL

receive a small food order


that is intended to

ONE MONTH
5 LINES = $25
+ FREE PHOTO
661.547.6129

PERSONALS
SINGLE WHITE WOMEN
URGENT MESSAGE!!!
JUST IN!!!
Handsome single Whiteman, never married, in late
40s, available for cuddles
and movie watching. He is
well-mannered, patient and
kind.
Features include: alcohol,
drama, drug & tobacco free.
Benefits include: Works,
and has a job. Holds doors
open. Knows how to treat a
lady w/dignity & respect.
Likes showing a girl a
good time. He even picks
her up and drops her off.
Great at traveling to visit
new places.
He is very smart and good
looking. He is great at holding hands, giving honest,
sincere compliments.
He listens and can communicate in a mature, informative way.
He enjoys the companionship of a blonde or brunette
with long straight hair just
over shoulder length and
the type who likes being
with a man who is fun, interesting and likes going places that serve great food.
This man is in high demand due to the fact he is
a true gentleman. One who
treats a lady well and gives
her the respect she deserves.
His specialties are: Walks
on the beach, camping,
concerts, listening, and
long drives.
He does not need to be
told to take-out the trash.
HE IS GREAT AT MAKING
A WOMAN FEEL LIKE A
REAL WOMAN!!!
So act quickly! Dont let
this guy slip away! Respond back NOW!
Text Steven at

661.272.9273

to let this man know you


are ready to be swept off
your feet.
Remember ACT QUICKLY! There are no operators
standing by. Just a cute,
cuddly man ready to begin
a new adventure with you?
Are you?

PROPERTY FOR SALE


6OTH ST. WEST RANCH
QUIET NEIGHBORHOOD
Fenced. 11 Min. North of
Q.H.H.S., 9 Minutes from
Supermarket & Shopping.
4BD, 2BA, Laundry Room
Includes Washer/Dryer.
Large Living & Family
Rooms. Open Kitchen Area.
Formal Dining Area. Front/
Back Covered Deck.
2 Car Garage w/Workshop.
Storage/Parking Space.
Complete RV Hook-up for
2 RVs w/Water, Electricity,
Room for Boats and All
Your Toys Incl. Livestock,
Chickens, Ducks, Goats,
Fruit Trees.

$295,000

661.810.1315

supplement, but not cover,


the entire monthly food
2001 BUICK CENTURY
$2,100
Mon-Fri: 9A-6P & Sat: 9A-4P
Closed Sunday
906 West Lancaster Blvd
in Lancaster

661.916.6360

ONE MONTH
5 LINES = $25
+ FREE PHOTO
661.547.6129

EMPLOYMENT
OPPORTUNITY
We Need:
Auto Mechanic
Carpenter
Handy-Man
Electrician
Security Personnel
References Required

661.886.6782

need.
Households are eligible
for an EFAP food order
every two weeks
Without volunteers,
SAVES would not be able
to provide services to our
community.
Get together with a social
or work group and spend
a day with us.

ROSAMOND: ALMOST
5 ACRES PRIVATE FENCED
RANCH PROPERTY
Great for Storage/Livestock
Less Than 10 Min. Drive
North of Q.H.H.S
8 Min. from Supermarket
in Rosamond,
Gas Station, Schools.
Bring RV. We Have Some
Storage Facility.
Complete Fenced Area.

$89,000

661.810.1315

AMENDMENT IX
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain Rights, shall not be construed to
deny or disparage others retained by The People

10

The Antelope Valley Political Observer

This Month in American History

ARTS/CULTURE
15 AUGUST 1846: The first newspaper in California, the California, publishes in Monterey.
25 AUGUST 1852: A popular stage play is made from Harriet Beecher Stowes novel, Uncle
Toms Cabin. The sentimental story, inspired by the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, now reaches
even more people, with its message of the brutality and in-Justice of slaves lives.
24 AUGUST 1891: Thomas Edison receives a patent for his motion picture camera - a Kinetoscope. Along with Thomas Armats Vitascope it will produce the first true motion pictures in
1896. In 1910, Edison will demonstrate his talking motion picture system, the Kinetophone.
13 AUGUST 1909: The number of cases of men deserting their wives rises 33 percent in
Manhattan this year, and it is believed that many of the 3,000 men who abandoned their wives
did so due to the high cost of living - the inflation. Most of these men are poor, aged 20 to 24,
and leave behind two or more children. New York considers abandonment a misdemeanor,
sentencing offenders to a six-month prison term. Stats from the New York Bureau of Charities cites drinking, along with meddlesome neighbors and relatives as major contributors to
marital discord and desertion. Social commentary of the day suggests a change away from
traditional marital roles as a blame citing the many young girls who are driven to work in
factories or stores to help support the family in the midst of rising prices and the cost of living.
14 AUGUST 1912: Startling new double-decked car appears on Broadway in N.Y.C.
07 AUGUST 1921: Organ music begins replacing the orchestra in Broadway film theatres.
21 AUGUST 1923: Kalamazoo, Michigan, passes ordinance forbidding dancers to gaze in
partners eyes.
21 AUGUST 1928: Joseph Schenk, President of United Artists, says, people will not want
talking pictures long. Schenk claims he makes Talkies only to satisfy the passing interest,
adding certain sound effects, such as rapping when an actor knocks on a door, are agreeable.
Two days later it is announced that Irving Berlin is to write music and lyrics for new Talkie,
Say it With Music.
FINANCE
24 AUGUST 1857: The New York branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company
fails and signals the beginning of a commercial and financial panic that will be known as the
Panic of 1857, as 4,932 businesses fail this year. Absent a Federal Reserve or Central Bank to
interfere with the market, conditions quickly improve by 1859.
26 AUGUST 1932: The Controller of the Currency declares moratorium on foreclosures of
first mortgages; increasing numbers of unemployed are unable to keep up payments.
30 AUGUST 1935: Congress passes the Revenue Act. It increases taxes on inheritance and
gifts as well as on the higher income individuals while adjusting taxes on corporations to
favor smaller companies. When FDR asked for such legislation, he explicitly stated, Our
revenue laws have operated . . . to the unfair advantage of the few, and they have done little
to prevent an unjust concentration of wealth and economic power.
IDEAS/BELIEFS
AUGUST 1657: Governor Peter Stuyvesant greets with harsh treatment five Quakers who
come to New Amsterdam. After rigorous punishment, they are banished to Rhode Island.
AUGUST 1735: After ten months of imprisonment, New York newspaper editor John Peter
Zenger finally comes to trial. Accused of seditious libel by New York governor William Cosby, Zenger is ably defended by Philadelphia lawyer Andrew Hamilton who sways the Jury by
suggesting that the newspaper passages under consideration are not libelous because they are
true. Zengers acquittal is a milestone on the road toward Freedom of the Press.
26 AUGUST 1765: In Boston, the Sons of Liberty continue their protests against the Stamp
Act. The house of the Currency Comptroller is looted; the records of the Vice-Admiralty Court
are destroyed; and the library and house of Massachusetts Chief Justice Thomas Hutchinson,
brother-in-law of resigned Stamp Agent Andrew Oliver, is plundered.
10 AUGUST 1766: The tension between British troops and New York Colonists who have
refused to submit and comply with the Quartering Act results in violence. British soldiers
destroy a Liberty Pole, an assembly point erected by the Sons of Liberty, resulting in a skirmish between armed Citizens and English soldiers brandishing bayonets.
01 AUGUST 1775: Thomas Paine publishes an article supporting Womens Rights in the
Pennsylvania Gazette, of which he is editor.
AUGUST 1806: In Massachusetts, a group of five Williams College students establishes the
first American Society for foreign missionary work, The Brethren. The goal of the Society
is to facilitate American missionary work in other countries.
1849: Henry David Thoreau publishes Civil Disobedience, an essay that grew out of his refusal to pay taxes supporting the Mexican War. He advocates Citizen action to protest un-Just
government deeds.
01 AUGUST 1870: Women vote for the first time in the U.S. in an election in the Utah Territory.
28 AUGUST 1892: The Socialist Party holds its national convention in New York.
15 AUGUST 1903: Joseph Pulitzer, one of the pioneers of yellow journalism, comes forward
advocating for better education of the ink-stained wretches who write for newspapers. Pulitzer, publisher of the nations biggest daily newspaper, The World, gives Columbia University $2 million to found a school of journalism. Journalists, according to Pulitzer, are the
informers and teachers of people, and makers of public opinion.
07 AUGUST 1904: Two Blacks are dragged from the courthouse in Statesborough, Georgia,
and burned at the stake by a mob of White men. This action is part of a series of violent acts
in this largely rural area where White planters vow to rid their neighborhoods of those the call
obnoxious Negroes. In recent days, Blacks have been flogged and others shot and wounded
for their protests against White supremacy.
01 AUGUST 1912: At Bull Moose Party convention, former president Theodore Roosevelt
announces he is a friend to the Black, but will bar them from the party.
01 AUGUST 1918: Feminists are not altogether pleased with the record number of women in
the workplace. Some Suffragists object to wartime efforts by either sex. Many employers of
women consider it a womans patriotic duty to leave their job as soon as men return from war.
14 AUGUST 1919: Court finds Chicago Tribune guilty of libel for calling Henry Ford an
anarchist. Court awards trial costs and six cents in damages.
08 AUGUST 1925: Over 40,000 Klansmen parade through the streets of D.C. in the largest
display of Klan power in history. As the last marchers reached the foot of the Washington
Monument, darkness sets in and heavy rain is falling canceling plans to hold a ceremony,
which include burning an 80-foot tall cross across the Potomac River in Virginia.
NATIONAL
23 AUGUST 1902: Federal efforts to prevent the American Buffalo - Bison - from becoming
extinct are having an effect due to stricter game laws began in 1889 when only 551 of these
animals remained. In 1860, vast herds of 60 million roamed wild. With the arrival of the
white, however, Bison were slaughtered down to 20 million by 1850. This day in 1901, 1,000
head of American Buffalo thrive in Yellowstone Park and in Canada.
22 AUGUST 1911: President Taft vetoes Statehood for Arizona because it will permit Recall
of judges. Taft, a man of the law himself, feels this to be a threat to the judiciary. Arizona
quietly removes the provision, at which point it is duly admitted to the Union. Safely in, the
young State adopts Recall of judges.
21 AUGUST 1972: Having failed to achieve Peace through war, the last units of U.S. ground
forces withdraw from Vietnam.
NATIVE AMERICAN GENOCIDE
09 AUGUST 1645: Peace is finally declared between the Dutch and Hudson River Valley
Americans. Facilitated by the Mohawk, this pact ends four years of hostilities in which numerous Dutch and English settlements were destroyed by Native Americans defending their
land against foreign invasion.
02 AUGUST 1675: The Wampanoag-Nipmuck Native American Alliance, led by Wampanoag Chief, King Philip, continue defending their lands by attacking the foreign English settlement of Brookfield, Massachusetts. New England colonial forces shoot King Philip in August

1676, after which his wife and child are sold into slavery.
AUGUST 1677: A foreign forward operating base (fort) is constructed on American land
known as Pemaquid, Maine, by New York colonial governor sir Edmund Andros.
15 AUGUST 1694: Colonial representatives from Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey
and New York sign a Peace Treaty with the Iroquois to prevent any future alliance between
the Iroquois and the French.
AUGUST 1758: The New Jersey Colonial Assembly founds the first Reservation - Internment
Camp - in the American Colonies. Established on a 3,000-acre tract at the present-day village
of Indian Mills, the Reservation of Edge Pillock becomes home to 100 Unami Americans.
07 AUGUST 1790: In New Yorks Federal Hall, Secretary of War Henry Knox signs the
Treaty of New York with Creek Chief Alexander McGillivray, the son of Scottish trader and
a Native American mother. In this Treaty, the Creek of the Southwest recognize U.S. sovereignty over part of their Territory. But soon thereafter, the Spanish increase their support of
McGillivray to the extent that the Creeks resume their attacks on foreign settlements.
03 AUGUST 1795: In the Northwest Territory, General Wayne signs the Treaty of Greenville
with the 12 Ohio Tribes, whom he had militarily defeated the previous August. The Ohio
Tribes cede large tracts of their land in the eastern part of the Territory and a specific boundary
is set, separating the remaining Native American lands from those of the foreign settlers.
30 AUGUST 1813: In the opening engagement of the Creek War near Mobile, the Mississippi
Valley Creek led by William Weatherford, who is also known as Chief Red Eagle, attack Fort
Mims, massacring nearly half of the 550 people in the fort and burning many others to death.
The news of this incident motivates Andrew Jackson, major general of the Tennessee Militia,
to call up a 2,000-man volunteer army.
09 AUGUST 1814: Part of the Creek sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, ceding two-thirds of
their lands in southern Georgia and eastern Mississippi Territory, some 20 million acres in all,
to the U.S. In this pact they also agree to vacate the southern and western regions of Alabama.
19 AUGUST 1825: In Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, the Chippewa, Iowa, Potawami, Sauk and
Fox, Sioux and Winnebago Tribes will sign a Treaty among themselves, setting their territorial boundaries in order to avoid further inter-tribal bloodshed. The negotiations for the pact
have been arranged by the federal government, at the request of the Chippewa and Sioux.
15 JULY 1830: At Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, Tribes including the Sioux, Sauk and Fox,
sign a Treaty to give the U.S. most of what is now Iowa, Missouri and Minnesota.
02 AUGUST 1832: The Black Hawk War ends when the Illinois Militia slaughter warriors.
Black Hawk finds shelter with the Winnebagoes, but he surrenders on August 27.
23 AUGUST 1843: The Second Seminole War ends after years of deliberate massacres
Genocide against the Seminoles in Florida.
18 AUGUST 1862: A Sioux uprising flares in Minnesota, led by Chief Little Crow. It will be
suppressed by Colonel Henry Sibley in September.
09 AUGUST 1901: Oklahoma Territory grows by 2 million acres overnight as 6,500 Homesteaders stake a claim. Federal agents acquired the fertile land from the Comanche, Kiowa
and Apache Americans for $2 million. This land would have been available to Whites sooner
if the Americans - Indians living on the eastern half of the Territory had not known their
Rights and exercised them so well. The Tribes have written Constitutions and well-established systems of self-government. They demanded, in addition to the cash payment, a 160acre allotment for each member of their Tribe.
SLAVERY
30 AUGUST 1800: In Virginia, a planned slave Rebellion led by a slave named Gabriel Prosser is revealed. Prosser and 37 others are seized and tried on April 30, 1804. Posser is hanged.
21 AUGUST 1831: Nat Turner, a radical slave preacher, leads an uprising of slaves in
Southampton County, Virginia. About 70 Whites are killed before soldiers put down the Rebellion. Turner is executed along with 12 of his followers, and about 100 blacks are killed in
a search for Turner.
28 AUGUST 1833: Great Britain no longer allows slavery in her colonies. America is more
and more becoming an isolated nation in this regard.
AUGUST 1839: The Spanish slave-ship, Amistad, carrying 53 African slaves between two
Cuban ports, is taken over in a mutiny led by Cinque, one of the slaves. They kill the captain
and the crew except for two who are forced to navigate the ship to North America waters,
where a U.S. warship brings the Amistad into a Connecticut port. Spain immediately demands
that the slaves be turned back to Spaniards, but Americans force the case into the courts.
Eventually it will be taken to the Supreme Court, where Anti-Mason John Quincy Adams
argues for their Right to be Free. In March 1841, the Supreme Court so rules and Cinque and
the others are returned to Africa.
30-31 AUGUST 1843: The Anti-Slavery Liberty Party holds a national convention in Buffalo,
New York. Their platform denounces the extension of Slave Territory.
09 AUGUST 1848: A coalition of Anti-Slavery groups Assembles in Buffalo, New York, to
form the Free Soil Party. The Free Soil Party platform opposes slavery and upholds the substance of the Wilmot Proviso. It also favors internal improvements and free homesteads to
settlers. Its campaign slogan is, Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor, and Free Men.
11 AUGUST 1852: Members of the Free Soil Party meet in their national convention at Pittsburgh. Their platform soundly condemns both slavery and the Compromise of 1850, claiming, Slavery is a sin against God and a crime against man.
05 AUGUST 1861: The U.S. Congress passes the first income tax law.
22 AUGUST 1862: In response to Horace Greeleys editorial of August 20, A Prayer of
Twenty Millions, which urges Emancipation, President Lincoln replies, My paramount objectis to save the Union, and it is not either to save or to destroy slavery.
27 AUGUST 1894: Against heavy opposition, the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act passes Congress. This Bill includes the first graduated income tax law. The Act is passed without President Clevelands signature, and it will be found un-Constitutional by the Supreme Court.
01 AUGUST 1901: The Grand Jury of Anderson County, Georgia, issues a report containing
shocking evidence slavery is being practiced by three of the most prominent planters in the
State. A charge of false imprisonment is made against the planters, who reportedly have been
confining in their stockades Blacks who had been sent there for some petty reason and never
convicted of any legal offense. The report includes details of illegal arrests, whippings, kidnappings and other acts of cruelty.
WAR ON DRUGS
08 AUGUST 1890: Beginning a long fight, Congress responds to the Courts decision in the
Leisy v. Hardin case. Congress adopts the Original Package Act and in the process upholds
a States Right to subject merchandising of goods from another State to its own laws. Thus,
Kansas or other Dry States may again forbid sale of Out-of-State liquor within their jurisdiction. The Act will put out of business those instant packagers who have lined up along the
borders of the Dry States in order to do their business from across State lines.
17 AUGUST 1922: Declaring war on the clandestine hip flask, federal agents serve notice on
some of the more fashionable and frequented Broadway establishments that patrons who tote
their own do so at their own peril of the law. Managers are informed they must force diners
and dancers to obey the law. Patrol wagons will be backed up to the doors of the most famous
establishments and flask-users hauled out unceremoniously.
28 AUGUST 1930: Labor leaders in New York demand legal beer to create jobs.
12 AUGUST 1931: Entrepreneur, turned criminal by Prohibition, Legs Diamond is sentenced to four years and an $11,000 fine on two liquor charges.
21 AUGUST 1931: New York City Mayor James J. Jimmy Walker drowns his troubles in a
stein of Pilsener beer in the town of Pilsen, Czechoslovakia. In Europe for a rest cure Walker imbibes alongside the towns mayor. Describing the beer as a work of art Walker says he
hopes to see it on sale someday in his own city, which is still under Prohibition.
11 AUGUST 1931: President Herbert Hoover admits failure of Prohibition and favoring State
liquor laws.

AMENDMENT X
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to
the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to The People.

11

AUGUST 2015

ACLU White Paper Exposes Failures in California Dependency Court System


Continued From Page 5
above 400 in a number of other counties across California.
As the Judicial Council already determined in 2009, caseloads above 188 prevent counsel for both children and their
families from providing effective representation to their clients. This pervasive underfunding, and the resultant excessive caseloads, directly contravenes section 317(c) and the
caseload standard issued by the Judicial Council.
In California, children and parents in dependency court have
a Right to appointed counsel in all proceedings where there is
the potential for a child to be removed from his or her parents
home. Courts have traditionally recognized that this Right
to counsel includes the Right to be represented by effective
counsel.

Dependency attorneys are forced


to represent even more clients
with no additional resources.
These burdens have been felt
across the State but particularly
acutely in Los Angeles County,
which handles the largest number
of dependency cases in California
- approximately 40% of all cases.
In 1995, the California legislature made clear that children
and parents in dependency proceedings have the Right to effective representation by enacting section 317.5 of the California Welfare & Institutions Code, which provides: All
parties who are represented by counsel at dependency proceedings shall be entitled to competent counsel.
Although this Right to counsel is statutory rather than constitutional, California courts have interpreted [it] in substantially the same manner as the Constitutional Right to the effective assistance of counsel.
California Courts have likened the Rights conferred to children and parents by section 317.5 to the Constitutional Right
to effective representation criminal defendants possess, and
have applied a similar analysis when adjudicating ineffective
assistance of counsel cases in the dependency context.
Accordingly, whether an attorney provides competent counsel involves determining whether an attorneys performance
falls below an objective standard of reasonableness as measured against prevailing professional norms.
Further, courts consistently have recognized that this statutory right to counsel also includes the Right for both parents
and children to seek judicial review of claims of ineffective
assistance of counsel.
Where underfunding causes court-appointed attorneys to
maintain prohibitively high caseloads, the system itself can
violate the law because it results in ineffective assistance of
counsel in individual cases.
Excessive caseloads are the primary indicator that attorneys
cannot serve as competent counsel to their clients because,
as the Judicial Council recognized, high caseloads prevent
attorneys from performing even the minimum tasks required
to represent their clients.
For example, in Kenny A, a number of children in dependency proceedings brought a lawsuit against Georgia State
agencies and officials for allowing their attorneys to carry excessive caseloads.
There, high caseloads prevented attorneys from: at times,
performing more preparation than merely reading the initial
deprivation petition; meeting all of their clients; determining
how many children they, or their organization, represents; re-

viewing their clients medical, social service, education, or


other records; meeting with their clients foster care providers; adequately investigating whether their clients are receiving the appropriate medical or social services; monitoring
whether their clients are in safe foster care placements; and
monitoring compliance with court orders.
The high caseloads dependency attorneys across California
currently maintain have caused similar issues. For example,
dependency attorneys in California report that excessive caseloads have hindered their ability to adequately advise their
clients of their legal Rights; perform legal research; access
the appropriate investigative and expert resources; monitor
compliance with court orders; meet with their clients in foster care placements; communicate with clients beyond brief
telephone calls or courtroom exchanges; conduct complete
case investigations or client-specific legal analysis; file extraordinary writs or pursue appeals; meaningfully assess each
clients placement or conduct an informed review of Child
Protective Services placement decisions; and attend to critical pleadings, motions, responses, and objections.
Further, excessive caseloads in California have contributed
to high attorney turnover, which has resulted in clients being
represented by less experienced attorneys and for cases to be
routinely transferred to attorneys who are unfamiliar with the
clients and the facts surrounding the cases.
Accordingly, the States failure to provide adequate funding to the dependency courts has made it impossible for its
court-appointed attorneys to provide effective representation
to their clients in clear violation of section 317.5.
The State of Californias underfunding of the dependency courts also likely violates the United States Constitution
because, beyond Californias statutory Right to counsel, the
Continued on Page 12

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in that of other nations it is an evil; and excepting England and her copyist, the United States, there is not a nation existing, I believe, which tolerates a paper
circulation. The experiment is going on, however, desperately in England, pretty boldly with us, and at the end of the chapter, we shall see which opinion experience
approves: for I believe it to be one of those cases where mercantile clamor will bear down reason, until it is corrected by ruin. THOMAS JEFFERSON

12

The Antelope Valley Political Observer

Crushing Caseloads Forcing Dependency Counsel to Cut Services, Forgo Necessary Investigation, Choose Between Competing Clients Needs
ents have a Due Process Right to appointed counsel in certain
circumstances given the significant interests at stake in deDue Process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment also con- pendency court proceedings.
fers parties in dependency proceedings with a Right to comApplying the Lassiter analysis to dependency proceedings,
petent counsel in certain circumstances.
California courts have recognized that parents in dependency
In Lassiter v. Department of Social Services of Durham proceedings generally possess a Due Process Right to counCounty, N.C., 452 U.S. 18, 31-33 (1981), the United States sel when they are facing the termination of parental Rights
Supreme Court confirmed that Due Process entitles parties in because the parents interest at the termination of parental
cases involving the termination of parental Rights to be rep- rights stage is extremely important; the state shares with the
resented by competent counsel under certain circumstances. parent an interest in a correct decision; and the risk of an erroIn order to determine whether a Due Process is violated, neous deprivation of the parents rights is insupportably high.
courts must examine: (1) the private interests at stake; (2) California courts have interpreted this Due Process Right to
the governments interest; and (3) the risk that the procedures counsel broadly, determining that it entitles parents to both
used will lead to an erroneous decision.
competent assistance of counsel and to judicial review to deAfter performing the three-part test, the Court held that par- termine whether the parent received effective representation.
Accordingly, the States failure to provide sufficient funding
to ensure that court-appointed dependency attorneys mainContinued From Page 11

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tain reasonable caseloads likely also violates the Due Process


clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Article I, Section 7 of the California Constitution also provides parties in parental termination proceedings with a Right
to competent counsel. Although the Fourteenth Amendments
guarantee of Due Process and the California Constitutions
Due Process clause are not coextensive, courts undertake a
similar analysis when determining whether there is a Due
Process violation under either clause.
Specifically, to determine whether Due Process under the
California Constitution requires the appointment of counsel,
courts must examine the nature and magnitude of the interests involved, the possible consequences appellants face
and the features which distinguish [this proceeding] from
other civil proceedings. These factors must then be balanced
against the states interests.
Applying this analysis to the Right to counsel in dependency proceedings, California courts have recognized that
the California Constitution may require the appointment of
counsel when parents are faced with the termination of their
parental Rights because (1) the termination of parental Rights
implicates one of the most compelling and fundamental
Rights; (2) dependency proceedings are complex and overwhelm[ing]; and (3) the States interest is merely financial.
Thus, the Due Process clause of the California Constitution
likewise requires that parties in proceedings involving the
termination of parental Rights receive the benefit of competent counsel, and the State of California has an obligation to
ensure that court-appointed counsel maintain caseloads that
preserve their ability to provide adequate representation to
their clients.
California is a recipient of federal funding under two federal
programs that require the State to provide children in dependency proceedings with comprehensive services to protect
Continued on Page 16
Paid for by Cheryl Gayfield, Campaign ID# Pending

CHERYL GAYFIELD

LANCASTER SCHOOL DISTRICT Governing Board, Trustee Area No. 1

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War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing
the many under the domination of the fewNo nation could preserve its Freedom in the midst of continual warfare. - JAMES MADISON

14

The Antelope Valley Political Observer

Heres What You Missed Last Month;


BLVD Cinemas Movie Reviews
AMY JINGLE
Entertainment & Social Affairs Columnist
So there I am, minding my own business,
taking a quiet afternoon stroll down Lancaster BLVD and from up on high, standing
outside on the BLVD Cinemas balcony, appears Tim McBride, proprietor.
Hey, Amy Jingle! hollered McBride.
Tell Fitzgerald I want you to review The
Wolfpack for the August Political Observer
BLVD Cinemas movie review.
Hey, McBride! I yelled back. The idiot
publisher fired me yesterday. He said something about my bad attitude being a distraction. So no more movie reviews for you.
Dont leave, Amy, shouted McBride.
Im going to get your job back.
While McBride was on the phone with
Fitzgerald explaining to the publisher
how if Amy Jingle doesnt get her job back,
and pronto, to just go ahead and pull BLVD
Cinemas ad (see on page 17, bottom, right)
and have the outstanding balance to him
by morning I took the Liberty to tell any
and all passers-by they shouldnt read The
Political Observer newspaper anymore because the publisher is a moron.
Hey, Amy, screamed McBride. Fitzgerald said he made a mistake and your termination is just a simple misunderstanding.
Power baby, power!
Gotta go, said I to the small crowd having gathered around to listen to me badmouth The Political Observer newspaper
and its dyslexic publisher.
It just so happened the midday screening
of The Wolfpack was about to start, so into
BLVD Cinemas I went.
Hi Tim, said I. Whats with The Wolfpack? Why should I review The Wolfpack
for you?
Because you owe me your job at The
Political Observer, said McBride. Thats
why.
Good point, thought I, to myself, as I shutup and listened to McBride bloviate about
how wonderful he thinks his theatre is and
how proud he is of himself.
After I heard enough, I interrupt and say,
So. What about The Wolfpack?
So McBride tells me The Wolfpack is a
documentary about a family whose seven
children rarely leave the house and watch
movies all day.
Big Whoop, said I. Apparently you arent in touch with the times. Young people
staying in-doors and staring at a screen is an
epidemic across the nation. How the heck
does someone think they can make a movie
out of this plot? Havent you watched the
previews your theatre runs theres one
where Its a Beautiful World is playing and
pictured are different shots of wonderful
things on planet earth, like lakes, and flowers, and trees, and animals, and
Go watch The Wolfpack and write a review, Amy, said McBride.
So off I went into Theatre 1 to review The
Wolfpack, thinking the entire time how I
cant believe I actually get paid to lounge
around BLVD Cinemas whenever I please,
lay back in the amazingly large and comfortable love seat recliners McBride passes
off as seats, try not to fall asleep, watch a
movie, and then write about what I think
about it. What a life.
So why make a movie about U.S. teens
having grown roots out there a** who stare
at a screen all day?
Because, theres a twist. Duh! The twist?
The Angulo children, unlike their contemporary American cohorts whose parents couldnt pry them away from their
screen with a crowbar, are not permitted
to venture outside, so turn to movies to
pass time.
The Angulo family consists of dad,
mom, six brothers - Mukunda, Narayana,
Govinda, Bhagavan, Krisna (Glenn), and
Jagadesh (Eddie) and their sister Visnu.
The Brady Bunch, the Angulo family is not.
The children were named by their father,
Oscar a former Inca Trail, trail guide, who
met his soon to be wife (a Minnesota farm
country girl) in South America.
The children are home-schooled by mother Susanne a State licensed teacher,
while living in public housing in Manhattans lower eastside.
The children amass a collection of more

than 1,000 DVDs and soon become quite


talented in the performance arts other than
insanity, something 14 years of confinement
in the home might produce.
The Angulo boys rank Godfather I and II
as the greatest movies all-time, followed by
JFK, and then Gone With The Wind. Their
eclectic movie collection ranges from classic
Citizen Cane to epic horror flick The Hills
Have Eyes.

The children are not mind-numbed zombies,


rather, they cook, clean and read and write;
they just arent allowed to go outside.
Living within the confines of their tenement
apartment forces the children to be creative
with their time. With a movie comes role
play, replete with costumes and props Batmans costume having been made from cereal box cardboard and yoga mats.
Life itself for the children becomes an imitation of the art they are exposed to. Thanksgiving features an Italian Mafioso dinner
wine, pasta and the traditional Salute
before drinking and dressed as if actors in
Good Fellas.
For Halloween, they dress as their favorite
character and while holding a candle, danceng around a straw effigy of some sort. This
they light on fire, indoors.
Oscar the dad believes work equals slavery, with one caveat: it is OK to make money
performing. Not willing to be a slave means
Oscar spends his time at home, watching TV
and drinking, mostly, instead of working.
The children describe their existence living with a father who believes he is God,
and therefore, knows best, as like life in a
prison.
When the oldest son Mukunda at age 15
disobeys his father and leaves the apartment,
he does so wearing the mask worn by Mike
Myers, the murderous villain in Halloween,
the movie.
He does this so nobody, especially his father, who was out buying groceries mom
is not allowed to leave the house unless it
is to go to a doctors appointment, or the
like and, secondly, to feel comfortable in a
strange world.
Mukunda explains how, although he understands the difference between real life
and the movies, while in Michael Myers
Halloween attire, his mind began thinking,
questioning, if he could actually take bullets to the chest, and survive, just like in the
movie.
Mukunda meanders in and out of businesses a pharmacy, a bank until he is placed
in handcuffs by police and taken to a hospital.
He ends up in a unit with teens who are depressed, suicidal, and have given up on life.
There, Mukunda becomes popular, spreading
joy to the emotionally-troubled patients, until
he goes home.
The journey outside emboldens Mukunda
to disobey his fathers rule and venture out
once again. This, his second time out, is the
last time he goes outside alone, because from
this point, when it is time to go outside, all
six brothers leave together.
Thus, The Wolfpack is born. Dark hat, dark
clothes, dark shoes, sunglasses, hair in a ponytail, the Angulo boys become euphoric
over fresh air, tall trees, and people watching.
A walk in the park feels like a 3D movie experience, remarks one of the brothers.
The moral of the story, for parents beside
themselves over having children with CICD
Chin-In-Chest-Disorder [staring down at
a screen held at waist level] or BWD
Beached Whale Disorder is to forbid your
children, from birth, from being allowed to
go outside. Or not.
So how does The Wolfpack end?
Had you bothered to go to BLVD Cinemas
and watch the movie, youd know the answer.

~ NOW SHOWING ~
THE STANFORD
PRISON EXPIREMENT

What happens when a college psych study


goes shockingly wrong? In this tense, psychological thriller based on the notorious
true story, Billy Crudup stars as Stanford
University professor Dr. Philip Zimbardo,
who, in 1971, cast 24 student volunteers as
prisoners and guards in a simulated jail to
examine the source of abusive behavior in
the prison system.
The results astonished the world, as participants went from middle-class undergrads to drunk-with-power sadists and
submissive victims in just a few days.
Winner of two awards at the Sundance
Film Festival, including Best Screenplay,
and created with the close participation of
Dr. Zimbardo himself, The Stanford Prison Experiment is a chilling, edge-of-yourseat thriller about the dark side of power
and the effects of imprisonment.
MR. HOLMES

Mr. Holmes is a new twist on the worlds


most famous detective. 1947, an aging
Sherlock Holmes returns from a journey
to Japan, where, in search of a rare plant
with powerful restorative qualities, he has
witnessed the devastation of nuclear warfare.
Now, in his remote seaside farmhouse,
Holmes faces the end of his days tending
to his bees, with only the company of his
housekeeper and her young son, Roger.
Grappling with the diminishing powers
of his mind, Holmes comes to rely upon
the boy as he revisits the circumstances
of the unsolved case that forced him into
retirement, and searches for answers to
the mysteries of life and love before its
too late.
~ COMING SOON ~
COP CAR

FandomVerse Expo Returns to


Lancaster Labor Day Weekend

Over 1200 Fans of Anime, Comics


& Science Fiction Expected
Red Cross Life-Saving Blood
Drive Planned for Opening Day
FandomVerse Expo will hold its second
annual convention September 4-6 - Labor
Day weekend - at the UAV Pioneer Event
Center in Lancaster.
This will be the conventions first time in
the Event Center after an extremely successful 2014 event which brought over 600
fans of Japanese animation(anime), comics, science fiction, horror, fantasy, gaming,
costuming and more to Lancaster.
FandomVerse Expo where many convention attendees don costumes of their favorite character expects to welcome double
its previous years attendance for this years
convention.
Planned convention events include a variety of educational panels - including panels
by NASA, JPL and The Robotics Society of
Southern California - and workshops hosted
by fans, volunteers and guests; anime and
live action screenings; a costume and skit
competition - the Masquerade - a fanmade music video contest (FMVs); performances by musical guests; a live action
role play (LARP) event; a sport inspired
by the Harry Potter book series (Muggle
Quidditch) video game tournaments and tabletop gaming; dances; and an exhibit hall
of fandom-themed merchandise and handmade creations from artists.
Guests of Honor appearing at FandomVerse Expo 2015 include prolific voice actress Danielle McRae, known for her many
roles in anime and video games including
League of Legends, World of Warcraft: Cataclysm, Skullgirls Encore, Sword Art Online, Gargantia: On the Verderous Planet,
and Magi: The Kingdom of Magic; Convention personality, film and voice actor, Steve
Racer Weese, known for Hellsing OVA,
Sengoku Basara 3, Roles Models, Broken
Spirits, Legend of the Red Reaper writer/
creator, The Great Space Race web comic.
Also, Max Cervantes a long time professional prop fabricator, model maker, designer, sculptor and Actor. His extensive
portfolio includes his work on a multitude
of iconic TV shows and films, Star Trek:
The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep
Space Nine, Starship Troopers, Beetlejuice,
Batman Forever, and many more.
Bear Burge, a professional prop fabricator,
with over 30 years experience in the television and movie industry. His extensive
resume includes everything from the Star
Trek: The Next Generation, Deep Space
Nine, Voyager, Star Trek movies, Babylon
5, Serenity, Buffy The Vampire Slayer, Tank
Girl, Starship Troopers, Batman movies,
The Big Bang Theory, and many more.
Kathy Pillsbury is professional costuming
for film, TV, commercials and web series.
Some of her more iconic work has been for
Lucasfilm and The Las Vegas Hiltons Star
Trek: The Experience. She was the official
Star Wars Geek on the Comedy Central
TV Gameshow series Beat The Geeks.
Up-and-coming Lancaster-based Anime
and Video game music cover-band Amethyst, and world-renowned, Firefly inspired
band and fan favorite, Fallen Stars, will
each be performing concerts and participating in programming. The full list of currently-announced guests is available at the
conventions website.
FandomVerse Expo memberships are $45
through August 8, $50 through August 14,
and $60 at the door. Memberships include
entrance to the convention on all three
days. More information regarding registration,guests, programming, and events is
available at www.fandomverseexpo.com.
Help Save Lives!!
Blood drive on Friday, September 4, from
1pm-7pm. Sign up online at www.redcrossblood.org code avcomiccon or On-site.
The American Red Cross and FandomVerse Expo will be providing some wonderful incentives as a way to thank you for
helping such a worthy cause.
Heres a few examples of what will be giving away to thank wonderful donors: Tickets of your choice from places like - Madame Tussauds Hollywood, The Grammy
Museum, Laugh Factory Comedy Club, and
FandomVerse Expo VIP Party.
FandomVerse Expo
- www.fandomverseexpo.com See ad on page 18.

Everything predicted by the enemies of banks, in the beginning, is now coming to pass. We are to be ruined now by
the deluge of bank paper, as we were formerly by the old Continental paper. It is cruel that such revolutions in private
fortunes should be at the mercy of avaricious adventurers, who, instead of employing their capital, if any they have, in
manufactures, commerce, and other useful pursuits, make it an instrument to burthen all the interchanges of property
with their swindling profits, profits which are the price of no useful industry of theirs THOMAS JEFFERSON

AUGUST 2015

15

Federalist No. 10: The Same Subject Continued: The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection
Continued From Page 1
and virtuous citizens, equally the friends of public and private faith, and of public and personal liberty, that our governments are too unstable, that the public good is disregarded in
the conflicts of rival parties, and that measures are too often
decided, not according to the rules of justice and the rights of
the minor party, but by the superior force of an interested and
overbearing majority.

The inference to which we are brought


is, that the CAUSES of faction cannot
be removed, and that relief is only to
be sought in the means of controlling
its EFFECTS.
However anxiously we may wish that these complaints
had no foundation, the evidence, of known facts will not permit us to deny that they are in some degree true. It will be
found, indeed, on a candid review of our situation, that some
of the distresses under which we labor have been erroneously
charged on the operation of our governments; but it will be
found, at the same time, that other causes will not alone account for many of our heaviest misfortunes; and, particularly,
for that prevailing and increasing distrust of public engagements, and alarm for private rights, which are echoed from
one end of the continent to the other.
These must be chiefly, if not wholly, effects of the unsteadiness and injustice with which a factious spirit has tainted our
public administrations.
By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether
amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are
united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or
of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the
permanent and aggregate interests of the community.
There are two methods of curing the mischiefs of faction:
the one, by removing its causes; the other, by controlling its
effects. There are again two methods of removing the causes
of faction: the one, by destroying the liberty which is essential to its existence; the other, by giving to every citizen the
same opinions, the same passions, and the same interests.
It could never be more truly said than of the first remedy,
that it was worse than the disease. Liberty is to faction what
air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires.
But it could not be less folly to abolish liberty, which is
essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than
it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life, because it imparts to fire its destructive
agency.
The second expedient is as impracticable as the first would
be unwise. As long as the reason of man continues fallible,
and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be
formed. As long as the connection subsists between his reason and his self-love, his opinions and his passions will have
a reciprocal influence on each other; and the former will be
objects to which the latter will attach themselves.
The diversity in the faculties of men, from which the rights
of property originate, is not less an insuperable obstacle to a
uniformity of interests. The protection of these faculties is the
first object of government. From the protection of different
and unequal faculties of acquiring property, the possession of
different degrees and kinds of property immediately results;
and from the influence of these on the sentiments and views
of the respective proprietors, ensues a division of the society
into different interests and parties.
The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature
of man; and we see them everywhere brought into different
degrees of activity, according to the different circumstances of civil society. A zeal for different opinions concerning
religion, concerning government, and many other points, as
well of speculation as of practice; an attachment to different
leaders ambitiously contending for pre-eminence and power;
or to persons of other descriptions whose fortunes have been
interesting to the human passions, have, in turn, divided mankind into parties, inflamed them with mutual animosity, and
rendered them much more disposed to vex and oppress each
other than to co-operate for their common good.
So strong is this propensity of mankind to fall into mutual
animosities, that where no substantial occasion presents itself, the most frivolous and fanciful distinctions have been
sufficient to kindle their unfriendly passions and excite their
most violent conflicts.
But the most common and durable source of factions has
been the various and unequal distribution of property. Those
who hold and those who are without property have ever
formed distinct interests in society. Those who are creditors,
and those who are debtors, fall under a like discrimination. A
landed interest, a manufacturing interest, a mercantile interest, a moneyed interest, with many lesser interests, grow up
of necessity in civilized nations, and divide them into different classes, actuated by different sentiments and views. The
regulation of these various and interfering interests forms the
principal task of modern legislation, and involves the spirit
of party and faction in the necessary and ordinary operations
of the government.
No man is allowed to be a judge in his own cause, because
his interest would certainly bias his judgment, and, not improbably, corrupt his integrity. With equal, nay with greater
reason, a body of men are unfit to be both judges and parties
at the same time; yet what are many of the most important
acts of legislation, but so many judicial determinations, not
indeed concerning the rights of single persons, but concerning the rights of large bodies of citizens?
And what are the different classes of legislators but advocates and parties to the causes which they determine? Is a law

proposed concerning private debts? It is a question to which


the creditors are parties on one side and the debtors on the
other. Justice ought to hold the balance between them. Yet the
parties are, and must be, themselves the judges; and the most
numerous party, or, in other words, the most powerful faction
must be expected to prevail.
Shall domestic manufactures be encouraged, and in what
degree, by restrictions on foreign manufactures? are questions which would be differently decided by the landed and
the manufacturing classes, and probably by neither with a
sole regard to justice and the public good. The apportionment of taxes on the various descriptions of property is an
act which seems to require the most exact impartiality; yet
there is, perhaps, no legislative act in which greater opportunity and temptation are given to a predominant party to
trample on the rules of justice. Every shilling with which
they overburden the inferior number, is a shilling saved to
their own pockets.
It is in vain to say that enlightened statesmen will be able to
adjust these clashing interests, and render them all subservient to the public good. Enlightened statesmen will not always
be at the helm. Nor, in many cases, can such an adjustment
be made at all without taking into view indirect and remote
considerations, which will rarely prevail over the immediate
interest which one party may find in disregarding the rights of
another or the good of the whole.
The inference to which we are brought is, that the CAUSES
of faction cannot be removed, and that relief is only to be
sought in the means of controlling its EFFECTS.
If a faction consists of less than a majority, relief is supplied by the republican principle, which enables the majority
to defeat its sinister views by regular vote. It may clog the
administration, it may convulse the society; but it will be unable to execute and mask its violence under the forms of the
Constitution. When a majority is included in a faction, the
form of popular government, on the other hand, enables it to
sacrifice to its ruling passion or interest both the public good
and the rights of other citizens.
To secure the public good and private rights against the
danger of such a faction, and at the same time to preserve the
spirit and the form of popular government, is then the great
object to which our inquiries are directed. Let me add that it is
the great desideratum by which this form of government can
be rescued from the opprobrium under which it has so long
labored, and be recommended to the esteem and adoption of
mankind.
By what means is this object attainable? Evidently by one
of two only. Either the existence of the same passion or interest in a majority at the same time must be prevented, or
the majority, having such coexistent passion or interest, must
be rendered, by their number and local situation, unable to
concert and carry into effect schemes of oppression. If the
impulse and the opportunity be suffered to coincide, we well
know that neither moral nor religious motives can be relied
on as an adequate control. They are not found to be such on
the injustice and violence of individuals, and lose their efficacy in proportion to the number combined together, that is, in
proportion as their efficacy becomes needful.
From this view of the subject it may be concluded that a
pure democracy, by which I mean a society consisting of a
small number of citizens, who assemble and administer the
government in person, can admit of no cure for the mischiefs
of faction. A common passion or interest will, in almost every
case, be felt by a majority of the whole; a communication and
concert result from the form of government itself; and there
is nothing to check the inducements to sacrifice the weaker
party or an obnoxious individual.
Hence it is that such democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property;
and have in general been as short in their lives as they have
been violent in their deaths. Theoretic politicians, who have
patronized this species of government, have erroneously supposed that by reducing mankind to a perfect equality in their
political rights, they would, at the same time, be perfectly
equalized and assimilated in their possessions, their opinions,
and their passions.
A republic, by which I mean a government in which the
scheme of representation takes place, opens a different prospect, and promises the cure for which we are seeking. Let us
examine the points in which it varies from pure democracy,
and we shall comprehend both the nature of the cure and the
efficacy which it must derive from the Union.
The two great points of difference between a democracy and
a republic are: first, the delegation of the government, in the
latter, to a small number of citizens elected by the rest; secondly, the greater number of citizens, and greater sphere of
country, over which the latter may be extended.
The effect of the first difference is, on the one hand, to refine
and enlarge the public views, by passing them through the
medium of a chosen body of citizens, whose wisdom may
best discern the true interest of their country, and whose patriotism and love of justice will be least likely to sacrifice it to
temporary or partial considerations.
Under such a regulation, it may well happen that the public
voice, pronounced by the representatives of the people, will
be more consonant to the public good than if pronounced by
the people themselves, convened for the purpose.
On the other hand, the effect may be inverted. Men of factious tempers, of local prejudices, or of sinister designs, may,
by intrigue, by corruption, or by other means, first obtain the
suffrages, and then betray the interests, of the people. The
question resulting is, whether small or extensive republics are
more favorable to the election of proper guardians of the public weal; and it is clearly decided in favor of the latter by two
obvious considerations:

In the first place, it is to be remarked that, however small


the republic may be, the representatives must be raised to a
certain number, in order to guard against the cabals of a few;
and that, however large it may be, they must be limited to a
certain number, in order to guard against the confusion of a
multitude. Hence, the number of representatives in the two
cases not being in proportion to that of the two constituents,
and being proportionally greater in the small republic, it follows that, if the proportion of fit characters be not less in
the large than in the small republic, the former will present
a greater option, and consequently a greater probability of a
fit choice.
In the next place, as each representative will be chosen by
a greater number of citizens in the large than in the small
republic, it will be more difficult for unworthy candidates to
practice with success the vicious arts by which elections are
too often carried; and the suffrages of the people being more
free, will be more likely to centre in men who possess the
most attractive merit and the most diffusive and established
characters.
It must be confessed that in this, as in most other cases, there is a mean, on both sides of which inconveniences
will be found to lie. By enlarging too much the number of
electors, you render the representatives too little acquainted
with all their local circumstances and lesser interests; as by
reducing it too much, you render him unduly attached to
these, and too little fit to comprehend and pursue great and
national objects.
The federal Constitution forms a happy combination in this
respect; the great and aggregate interests being referred to
the national, the local and particular to the State legislatures.
The other point of difference is, the greater number of citizens and extent of territory which may be brought within the
compass of republican than of democratic government; and it
is this circumstance principally which renders factious combinations less to be dreaded in the former than in the latter.
The smaller the society, the fewer probably will be the distinct parties and interests composing it; the fewer the distinct
parties and interests, the more frequently will a majority be
found of the same party; and the smaller the number of individuals composing a majority, and the smaller the compass
within which they are placed, the more easily will they concert and execute their plans of oppression.

As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to


exercise it, different opinions will
be formed. As long as the connection subsists between his reason
and his self-love, his opinions and
his passions will have a reciprocal
influence on each other; and the
former will be objects to which the
latter will attach themselves.
Extend the sphere, and you take in a greater variety of parties and interests; you make it less probable that a majority of the whole will have a common motive to invade the
rights of other citizens; or if such a common motive exists,
it will be more difficult for all who feel it to discover their
own strength, and to act in unison with each other. Besides
other impediments, it may be remarked that, where there is
a consciousness of unjust or dishonorable purposes, communication is always checked by distrust in proportion to the
number whose concurrence is necessary.
Hence, it clearly appears, that the same advantage which
a republic has over a democracy, in controlling the effects
of faction, is enjoyed by a large over a small republic, -- is
enjoyed by the Union over the States composing it. Does the
advantage consist in the substitution of representatives whose
enlightened views and virtuous sentiments render them superior to local prejudices and schemes of injustice? It will not
be denied that the representation of the Union will be most
likely to possess these requisite endowments.
Does it consist in the greater security afforded by a greater
variety of parties, against the event of any one party being
able to outnumber and oppress the rest? In an equal degree
does the increased variety of parties comprised within the
Union, increase this security. Does it, in fine, consist in the
greater obstacles opposed to the concert and accomplishment
of the secret wishes of an unjust and interested majority?
Here, again, the extent of the Union gives it the most palpable advantage.
The influence of factious leaders may kindle a flame within
their particular States, but will be unable to spread a general
conflagration through the other States. A religious sect may
degenerate into a political faction in a part of the Confederacy; but the variety of sects dispersed over the entire face of
it must secure the national councils against any danger from
that source.
A rage for paper money, for an abolition of debts, for an
equal division of property, or for any other improper or wicked project, will be less apt to pervade the whole body of the
Union than a particular member of it; in the same proportion
as such a malady is more likely to taint a particular county or
district, than an entire State.
In the extent and proper structure of the Union, therefore,
we behold a republican remedy for the diseases most incident
to republican government. And according to the degree of
pleasure and pride we feel in being republicans, ought to be
our zeal in cherishing the spirit and supporting the character
of Federalists.

WWW.GUIDES.LIB.VIRGINIA.EDU/TJ

The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the Federal Government, are few and defined. Those which are to remain
in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace,
negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and
properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State. - James Madison, Federalist No. 45.

16

The Antelope Valley Political Observer

ACLU White Paper Exposes Failures


in California Dependency Court System
Continued From Page 1

their health and safety, including competent


legal assistance.
The federal Child Abuse and Prevention and
Treatment Act (CAPTA) authorizes the federal government to make grants to States to
support child abuse or neglect prevention and
treatment programs. Such grants are intended
to, among other purposes, improve[e] legal
preparation and representation, including . . .
provisions for the appointment of an individual appointed to represent a child in judicial
proceedings.
To obtain a federal CAPTA grant, the state
must submit an application that certifies that
in every case involving a victim of child
abuse or neglect which results in a judicial
proceeding, a guardian ad litem, who has
received training appropriate to the role, including training in early childhood, child,
and adolescent development, and who may
be an attorney or a court appointed special
advocate who has received training appropriate to that role (or both), shall be appointed
to represent the child in such proceedings . . .
to obtain first-hand, a clear understanding of
the situation and needs of the child; and . . . to
make recommendations to the court concerning the best interests of the child.
Children may also have a Due Process Right
to counsel in dependency proceedings under
the corresponding fundamental independent
right in being part of a family unit. Further,
the Supreme Court has recognized that children enjoy a fundamental Right to family integrity derived from the First Amendments
broad Right of Association, the Ninth Amendments reservation of Rights to the People, and
the Fourteenth Amendments substantive Due
Process protections.
Likewise, the federal Adoption Assistance
and Child Welfare Act (AACWA) provides
for federal reimbursement for certain expenses incurred by States in administering foster

care and adoption services. To participate


in the program, a State must submit a plan
that includes severally statutorily imposed
requirements, including standards to ensure
that children in foster care placements in
public or private agencies are provided quality services that protect the safety and health
of the children.
As a recipient of federal funding under the
CAPTA and AACWA, California is obligated to provide children in dependency proceedings with an appointed representative
who can provide the court with information
sufficient to ensure the best interests of the
child, and provide quality services that
protect the safety and health of the child.
The States failure to provide sufficient
funding to ensure that appointed counsel in
dependency proceedings can meet these critical requirements violates childrens Rights as
beneficiaries of these federal programs.
It also places California at risk of losing significant federal funding because the State has
failed to comply with the statutory requirements of the CAPTA and AACWA.
It is long past the time for California to
increase the funding for dependency counsel.
For at least a decade, dependency counsel
have maintained caseloads far in excess of
what Judicial Council and other experts have
expressly determined is the maximum caseload that an attorney can feasibly carry.
To ensure that dependency counsel are able
to provide competent and effective representation to children and parents in compliance
with federal and State law, California must
increase funding for dependency counsel
such that attorneys maintain optimal caseloads of no more than 77 clients per attorney.
At a minimum, California must take immediate steps to increase funding to ensure that
no attorneys docket exceeds Judicial Councils maximum standard of 188 clients per
attorney.

City of Palmdale Reaches


Settlement with DOJ
in Section 8 Lawsuit

City of Lancaster Resolves Case


with U.S. Department of Justice
in Section 8 Lawsuit

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has


agreed to settlement terms with the Housing Authority of the County of Los Angeles
(HACoLA), the City of Lancaster and the
City of Palmdale in a lawsuit involving the
administration of Section 8 inspections that
were mandated by federal law.
Under the terms of the settlement, HACoLA will pay $2 million into a restitution
fund that will be distributed to individuals
determined to have been adversely affected
by the inspections. Palmdale and Lancaster
are required to file a series of reports relating
to housing ordinances and business licensing
for the next two-and-a-half years.
If anything was done wrong during the inspection process to Palmdale residents, we
are thankful that they are being compensated
appropriately, said Palmdale Communications Manager John Mlynar.
The City of Palmdale was not required to
pay into the restitution fund.
After five years of intense scrutiny and two
lawsuits, we paid nothing in the settlement,
said Palmdale City Attorney Wm. Matthew
Ditzhazy. We have maintained from the beginning that the City of Palmdale did nothing
wrong and should never have been dragged
into this lawsuit and I think the terms of the
settlement reflect that.
The entire lawsuit was perplexing, said
Palmdale Mayor Jim Ledford. As a highly
integrated community, we have never felt it
was time to go to war with Section 8 as was
claimed by others. We have worked long and
hard with our community partners such as
the Housing Rights Center, AV Youth Build,
the Palmdale Dream Center, New Beginnings
Outreach, AMCAL Multi Housing, Habitat
for Humanity, National CORE, Better Housing Solutions, Newport Pacific, Meta Housing, Paving the Way and others to enhance
and improve our housing programs, provide
information through outreach, engage our
residents by developing our Neighborhood
Houses and accompanying programs----all to
create a better Palmdale.
The City of Palmdale merely provided
financial assistance to HACOLA so that it
could adequately perform fraud investigations required under the federal voucher
program, said Assistant City Attorney Noel
Doran. This was a common arrangement in
Los Angeles County at the time with cities
such as Paramount, Bellflower, and Lancaster providing similar assistance. The City of
Palmdale was particularly surprised to be
included in the DOJs investigation because
in 2007, the DOJ itself had provided almost
$1.3 million to the Indianapolis Housing Authority to, in part, fund investigators to root
out fraud and criminal activity in Section 8
housing. Palmdale is happy to resolve this
five year investigation on financial terms that
are commensurate with our involvement in
the Section 8 program namely zero.

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has


agreed to settle its five-year pursuit to recover funds in relation to the conduct of Section
8 investigators employed by the Housing Authority of the County of Los Angeles (HACoLA).
The settlement concludes that the City of
Lancaster will not be responsible for paying any portion of the $2 million settlement
amount.
The City of Lancaster unjustly came under
fire when the Department of Justice decided
to file suit against the municipality for having
paid for a portion of investigators when the
County of Los Angeles refused to otherwise
enforce Section 8 rules.
HACoLA and the City of Palmdale were
also parties in the lawsuit, which drew upon
unlimited Federal resources in order to pursue
a judgment or suitable settlement regarding
the issue. City of Lancaster officials, led by
Mayor R. Rex Parris, were emphatic regarding absolution from any penalties associated
with the case, and were successful in maintaining the Citys innocence in the matter.
Given the Housing Authority of the County
of Los Angeles was completely responsible
for the training, supervision and conduct of
its investigators, HACoLA will be fully accountable for paying the entirety of the $2
million settlement.
Our triumph in this case is bittersweet.
While we have been rightfully absolved of
any misconduct, the fact remains that the
Federal government pursued a witch hunt
on our City on our Valley, said Lancaster Mayor R. Rex Parris. For five years, they
focused unlimited energy and resources toward trying to drag us down. As the Mayor
and resident of a truly integrated community,
I am professionally and personally offended
by the baseless allegations the City of Lancaster has been subjected to under the Department of Justices authority.
The stipulations of the settlement include
action items which City of Lancaster officials have wholeheartedly agreed to, most of
which are already standard practices aimed to
continuously promote the betterment of the
community as a whole.

INNOCENCEPROJECT.ORG
WHOWHATWHY.COM
OPENSECRETS.ORG
FOLAR.ORG

Friends of the Palmdale


Library to Hold Book Sales

The Friends of the Palmdale City Library


will hold a book sale Thursday, Aug. 13
from 5 to 7 pm at the Library, located at
700 E. Palmdale Blvd.
Gently used books will be available for
sale at great prices, and all profits go to support the Library. Time to stock up on some
reading material! said Library Director
Thomas Vose. We hope to see you there!
A wide variety of materials will be available at deep discounts, and all proceeds
will go towards supporting the Library and
its programs. The Friends of the Palmdale
Library is a nonprofit organization staffed
by community volunteers and dedicated to
raising money for the support of the Palmdale Library.
Palmdale City Library is at 661.267.5600.
www.cityofpalmdale.org/library

Let us examine these causes and proofs of the want of our increase of medium [money], one by one. 1. The additional industry created to supply a variety of articles for troops, ammunition. &c. Now. I had always supposed that war produced a diminution of industry,
by the number of hands it withdraws from industrious pursuits for employment in arms, &c, which are totally unproductive. And if it
calls for new industry in the articles of ammunition and other military supplies, the hands are borrowed from other branches on which
the demand is slackened by the war; so that it is but a shifting of these hands from one pursuit to another. - THOMAS JEFFERSON, 1813

AUGUST 2015

RALPH S. BRAX
Viewpoint
The conventional wisdom these days is that Donald Trump
has thrown a big monkey wrench into the Republican primaries, and may well kill-off any chance the GOP nominee
(certainly not Trump) has to defeat Hillary Clinton and hold
on to the Republican control of Congress.
But in reality Republicans were in deep trouble long before
the arrogant and egotistical Trump decided to jump into the
race. Lets face it: Republicans have very few issues to talk
about these days.
Income Inequality? Are you kidding, theyve done everything they can for the past 35 years to make it more unequal,
by cutting taxes for the wealthy and deregulating banks and
Wall Street financial institutions.
The Economy? Oh please. Obama got us out of the Great
Recession of 2008-09, brought unemployment down from
10% to 5%, and has decreased the yearly deficit every year
he has been president.
All of this without any help from a conservative obstructionist Republican Congress.
On the key issues, such as Gay Rights, health care, climate
change, and immigration reform, Hillary is on the side of the
significant majority of voters.
The only thing left for Republicans is to call her untrustworthy and to label Mexican immigrants as criminals, drug
dealers, and rapists.
Its enough to make one feel sorry for Republicans. But it
certainly wasnt always this way.

Democrats, led by Harry Truman,


that started the Cold War by making the globalist, militaristic Truman Doctrine Americas primary
policy in dealing with problems in
the world.
Most GOPers never really wanted to discuss domestic issues, because all they wanted to do was cut taxes for the rich,
slice and dice Social Security and Medicare, and add billions
of dollars to an already bloated defense budget.
But, foreign policy, there was the ticket for conservatives
to achieve victory. Back in the 50s through the 80s all Re-

The Good Old Days


publicans needed to do was call Democrats soft on communism, and it usually worked, except in 1960 and 1964 when
domestic issues like Civil Rights, health care, and poverty
dominated the elections.
Of course the idea Democrats were a bunch of Pinkos
never made any sense. It was the Democrats, led by Harry
Truman, that started the Cold War by making the globalist,
militaristic Truman Doctrine Americas primary policy in
dealing with problems in the world.
It was Truman who sent hundreds of thousands of American
troops into the Korean War, and set the yearly defense budget
at $30 billion.
After 20 years of Democrats being in the White House, Senator Joe McCarthy decided in the early 1950s the way Republicans could get back in control was to label all Democrats as
communists, and it worked, for the most part.
The simple reality is that it is very easy to scare the hell out
of the American people, and for whatever reason, Republicans do it better than Democrats.
Even though old Tail Gunner Joe went down in a blaze of
glory when he accused the Army of being full of commies,
Republicans kept up the charge, and a lot of confused voters
bought into it.
In 1952 Dwight Eisenhower, a Republican, was elected
president. But if there was a president who tried to halt the
explosion of military spending and using American troops to
fight communism all over the world, it was Eisenhower, who
kept defense spending at around $40 billion a year and refused to send troops to Vietnam.
But then in 1965, Lyndon Johnson decided to go to war in
South Vietnam and 550,000 troops were sent off to that small
country, as the defense budget rocketed to over $100 billion
a year.
As the Cold War began to wind down by 1990, Republicans
had to figure out a way to get elected using foreign policy.
So, George W. Bush decided to call Democrats soft on terrorism, despite the fact that 9-11-2001 happened on Bushs
watch.
But Barack Obama killed off Osama and greatly weakened
Al Qaeda, and Republicans have been in disarray ever since.
And if the deal with Iran - approved of by a 15-0 vote in the
United Nations Security Council - keeps Iran from developing a nuclear weapon, then low and behold, Republicans will
be in real trouble.
But Im sure they will discover a new bogey man to scare
us with.

17

And the beat goes on...


The opinions expressed in this column are those of Ralph
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I consider the foundation of the Constitution as laid on this ground: That all powers not delegated to the United States, by the
Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States or to the people. To take a single step beyond the boundaries thus specially drawn around the powers of Congress, is to take possession of a boundless field of power no longer susceptible
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