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Papillon (film

)
Papillon is a 1973 prison film directed by Franklin J. oners bribe a guard who promises to give them a boat.
Schaffner, based on the best-selling autobiography by the During the escape, Clusiot is knocked unconscious by a
French convict Henri Charrière.
guard, but Dega, sensing an opportunity and reflecting on
The film stars Steve McQueen as Henri Charrière (“Papil- what Papillon told him, makes a run for it with Papillon
and Maturette. The three do escape, Dega seriously inlon”), and Dustin Hoffman as Louis Dega. Due to being
filmed at remote locations, the film was quite expensive juring his ankle in the process during a high fall. After
paying the guard and tramping into the jungle, they disfor the time ($12 million), but it readily earned more than
[3]
twice that in the first year of public distribution. The cover that the boat is unseaworthy, at the same time disfilm’s title is French for “Butterfly,” referring to Char- covering that Dega’s injury is a fracture. A local trapper,
who reveals that the guard has repeatedly cheated prisrière’s tattoo and nickname.
oners by taking their money and then arranging to have
them captured by bounty hunters, has killed the waiting bounty hunters. He refers Papillon to a nearby leper
colony, where they obtain supplies and a boat.
1 Plot
After reaching the mainland, the trio are accosted by a
group of soldiers. The soldiers open fire. Maturette is
shot and captured along with Dega, still crippled by his
broken ankle. After evading the soldiers, Papillon lives
for a long period with a native tribe; one day he awakes
to find they have moved on. One thing he finds that they
have left behind and that he takes with him is a small bag
of pearls, which they used to barter with western traders.
At a police checkpoint, Papillon pays a nun with a pearl to
join her entourage and goes with her to a convent. Admitting he is a fugitive but stressing that he is not a murderer,
Papillon asks the Mother Superior for refuge, leaving her
all his remaining pearls to prove his good faith. She turns
him over to the authorities, keeping the pearls. She justifies her actions by stating that if he is guilty of crimes, he
has fed the poor with his donation of the pearls; if he is
not guilty of crimes, God will watch over him in prison.

1930’s France. Henri Charrière (Steve McQueen), a
safecracker nicknamed Papillon because of the butterfly
tattoo on his chest, is wrongly convicted of murdering a
pimp, he being framed for the crime. He is sentenced
to life imprisonment within the penal system in French
Guiana. En route, he meets a fellow convict, Louis Dega
(Dustin Hoffman), a forger and embezzler who is convinced that his wife will secure his release. Dega hires
Papillon as his bodyguard, but the two eventually develop
a friendship.
After defending Dega against a sadistic guard, Papillon
is sentenced to solitary confinement. In gratitude, Dega
smuggles extra food to Papillon. When the food smuggling is discovered, prison guards cut Papillon’s food rations in half, believing that hunger will force him to reveal the name of his benefactor. Though emaciated and
half-insane, and reduced to eating insects to survive, Papillon refuses to snitch on Dega. After two years he is released from solitary confinement, having spent six months
in total darkness and on half rations. A grateful Dega,
who would not have had any ill feeling toward Papillon
if he had told the warden that it was he who arranged
the extra food, wants to pay back Papillon, which Papillon states is not necessary. However, Papillon plans another escape with Dega’s help. Another inmate, Clusiot
(Woodrow Parfrey), who Papillon and Dega long ago befriended, begs to go along, to which Papillon ultimately
agrees. Although Papillon wants Dega to go along, Dega
declines, still believing that his wife will eventually get
him released, which Papillon does not think will ever happen as the prison system now “owns” him.

As punishment for his escape, Papillon is forced to spend
five years in solitary confinement. He has gray hair when
released and sees Maturette, who is dying. He later
watches the authorities dump Maturette’s dead body into
shark infested waters. Papillon is moved to the remote
Devil’s Island, where he reunites with Dega. From a
high cliff, Papillon observes that every seventh wave that
comes into a small harbor rebounds from the rocks and is
powerful enough to carry him out to sea. Manufacturing
two floats out of bagged up coconuts, he tries, unsuccessfully, to persuade Dega to come with him. After embracing Dega, Papillon leaps from the cliff and, grasping his
float, is carried into the sea.

A narrator states that Papillon lived the rest of his life
in freedom. He outlived the prison, which was closed in
While recovering in the infirmary, Papillon meets a ho- 1953. The prison is shown abandoned and overgrown by
mosexual orderly named André Maturette (Robert De- jungle plants.
man), who insists on joining their escape plot. The pris1

He later said that it was “one of the most exhilarating experiences of my life. he said that the main flaw was a failure to gain audience interest in McQueen and Hoffman’s characters: “You know something has gone wrong when you want the hero to escape simply so that the movie can be over. He used a delicate melodic approach.[7] 6 Critical reception Roger Ebert's review at the time of the film’s original release was two-of-four stars. this has the complete version of music from the film (it includes about five minutes of previously unreleased tracks). dominated by a very catchy theme expressed as a waltz.In 1974. Both the director and musician shared the belief that film music should be used economically. Papillon has become regarded as a classic adventure film. they wanted the music as commentary only in sequences where it can emphasize the psychological aspects of the film.2 2 7 Cast • Steve McQueen as Henri Charrière aka Papillon • Dustin Hoffman as Louis Dega • Victor Jory as Indian chief • Don Gordon as Julot • Anthony Zerbe as Toussaint. earning North American theatrical rentals of $21. Schaffner. are distributed mainly in the second half of the film. the film is 2 1/2 hours long. In the 21st century. In Papillon. They generally accompany scenes outside the prison. an edition was produced on CD by Universal Records France. [5] In addition. exotic timbre (using instruments from Caribbean folk music). Soundtrack The score to Papillon was composed and conducted by 7 Awards Jerry Goldsmith. Original Dramatic Score (Jerry Goldsmith) and . and it was released in many performance variations by different record companies. author Henri Charrière himself acted as consultant on location: he let the makers of the film know of the things he encountered during his years of imprisonment. The film marked Goldsmith’s fourth collaboration with director Franklin J. This instrument was associated with the French origin of the protagonists. Jamaica. The penal colony scenes for Papillon were filmed in Falmouth. For the first time. 4 AWARDS (1968) and Patton (1970). But Steve McQueen’s famous cliff-jumping scene near the end of the film took place from the cliffs in Maui.3 million. It was one of the American Film Institute's 250 nominated soundtracks for the top 25 American film scores. leper colony chief • Robert Deman as André Maturette • Woodrow Parfrey as Clusiot • Bill Mumy as Lariot • George Coulouris as Dr. Several critics suggest the film is McQueen’s best performance. follow. during the various escape attempts by the protagonist. Goldsmith had his sixth Academy Award nomination for Best Original Score for this soundtrack. The theme became famous with the popularity of the film.[6] 5 Box Office The film was a hit.[4] McQueen insisted on performing the cliff-jumping stunt himself. the film was nominated for an Oscar for Best ing his Oscar-nominated scores to Planet of the Apes Music. The DVD version of the English-language version of the film includes an option to listen to Goldsmith’s music as an isolated audio track. Hawaii. but has 40 minutes with music. Chatal • Ratna Assan as Zoraima • William Smithers as Warden Barrot • Val Avery as Pascal • Gregory Sierra as Antonio • Vic Tayback as Sergeant • Mills Watson as Guard • Fred Sadoff as Deputy Warden 3 Production Papillon was filmed at various locations in Spain and Jamaica.”[8] Since the late 20th century. with the cave scenes filmed beneath what is now the Xtabi hotel on the cliffs of Negril. Goldsmith’s compositions.” McQueen was paid $2 million for his services in the film along with the contractual stipulation that he receive first billing over Dustin Hoffmann. which was often played by an accordion. characterized by a late romantic symphonic and impressionistic style suffused with a metered. The score was partially produced on vinyl in 1970 and reissued over the years. and the swamp scenes were shot near Ferris Cross.

Y] 04 Sep 1973: 30. “Tisdag 18 juli”. Box Office Mojo. [3] “Movie location and cost information”. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York. ISBN 978-08108-1799-9 [5] Sandford. p. TV Guide [4] Franklin J. Steve McQueen: The Biography. and see the movie’s filming locations. Scarecrow Publishing. N. p.suntimes. 247. Schaffner (Scarecrow Filmmakers Series) (1985). Variety. 8 Popular culture Berts vidare betraktelser features Bert’s family renting a car to get a wide view of Jamaica. Taylor Trade Publishing. Sex Out. p. Berts vidare betraktelser (in Swedish). 157. Drama (Steve McQueen).[9] 9 References [1] Crime In.com [7] “All-time Film Rental Champs”. 381. 2012. (2002).dll/article? AID=/19731216/REVIEWS/301010324/1023 [9] Anders Jacobsson. 10 External links • Papillon at the American Film Institute Catalog • Papillon at Rotten Tomatoes • Papillon at the Internet Movie Database . Christopher. in NewFilm Season: Malefactors on the Rise Siegel Gets Matthau Keeping Costs Down By PAUL GARDNER.3 a Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Actor. Box Office Information”. [2] “Papillon. Sören Olsson (1990). Retrieved January 17.com/apps/pbcs. 7 January 1976 p 20 [8] http://rogerebert. ISBN 978-087833-307-3 [6] AFI’s 100 Years Of Film Scores at AFI.

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