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Baltic Operation

For the Soviet World War II offensive, see Baltic While the Soviet 8th Army retreated along the Jelgava–
Riga–Tartu–Narva–Pskov direction, the Soviet 11th
Army sought to initially hold the Kaunas–Vilnius
The Baltic Operation, also known as the Defensive sector of the front, but was forced to retreat along
the Daugavpils–Pskov–Novgorod direction.
operation in Lithuania and Latvia (Oборонительная
операция в Литве и Латвии) encompassed the operencirclements experienced by
ations of the Red Army from 22 June to 9 July 1941
conducted over the territories of the occupied Lithuania, the Fronts to the south, and succeeded in delaying the
Latvia and Estonia in response to an offensive launched Army Group North sufficiently to allow preparation for
the defence of Leningrad.
by the German army.


The operation was not a single continuous withdrawal, but was punctuated by short-lived counterattacks,
counterstrokes or counteroffensives.[4]

Operational parts

The operation consisted of three distinct smaller operations

3 Subordinate Red Army formations

Border Defensive Battles (22–24 June 1941)

The subordinate formations and units of the Armies were:

Battle of Raseiniai also known as
the 'Kaunas Counterattack'

• 8th Army
• 10th Rifle Corps

Šiauliai Counter-Offensive Operation (24–27
June 1941)[2]

• 10th Rifle Division
• 48th Rifle Division
• 90th Rifle Division

Defense of the Hanko Naval Base (22 June–2
December 1941)

• 11th Rifle Corps


• 11th Rifle Division
• 125th Rifle Division


• 12th Mechanised Corps

The principal Red Army formations of the operation were
the Northwestern Front and the Baltic Fleet, with the major ground forces consisting of the 8th (commander General Major P.P. Sobennikov), 11th (commander General
Lieutenant Morozov) and later 27th Armies.

• 23rd Tank Division
• 28th Tank Division
• 202nd Motorised Division
• 9th antitank artillery brigade

The operation was conducted after the forces of the Baltic
Special Military District were alerted in the morning of
22 June 1941 following a surprise attack by the German Wehrmacht 's Army Group North which consisted
of the 18th, 16th Field Armies and the 4th Panzer Group,
and elements of the 3rd Panzer Group, supported by the
Luftflotte 1.[3]

• 11th Army
• 16th Rifle Corps
• 5th Rifle Division
• 33rd Rifle Division
• 188th Rifle Division

On 22 June, the Soviet 8th Army was positioned in northern Lithuania opposed by the German 18th Army. The
Soviet 11th Army defended the rest of the Lithuanian
border with East Prussia and sought to contain the attacks
of the German 16th Army and the 4th Panzer Group.

• 29th Rifle Corps
• 179th Rifle Division
• 184th Rifle Division
• 3rd Mechanised Corps

36. 402nd and 429th high power artillery regiments (артиллерийские полки большой мощности) • units and subunits of support troops • 1st Long Range Bomber Corps of the Stavka Reserve 4 Consequences The Soviet forces were defeated and forced to fall back.69. Glantz [5] p. David M. 7th. Wren Publishing. 6th. daily situation maps prepared by Michael Avanzini [3] p. London. 1997 ISBN 1-85367-280-7 [2] Also known as the Battle of Kelmė in German as in Glantz.P. Wagner 6 Sources • 16th Rifle Division • 67th Rifle Division • 3rd Separate Rifle Brigade Front Subordinate • 65th Rifle Corps • 11th Rifle Division • 16th Rifle Division • 5th Airborne Corps (2nd. 2005 ISBN 1-904687-53-9 • Glantz. Igloo Books. M. Greenhill Books. Ray (ed. according to the Soviet official history.F. 1973 ISBN 0-85885194-6 • Bishop. (trans. • Wagner. Bishop [4] p. Chris. Fetzer. was the Leningrad Strategic Defensive Operation (10 July-30 September 1941) which attempted to establish a stable front along the Narva–Novgorod line. 12th and 14th air defence brigades (бригады противовоздушной обороны) • 110th. 8th and 57th mixed air divisions • 10th antitank artillery brigade (артиллерийские бригады противотанковой обороны) • 10th. John Erickson (Foreword).. The Military Atlas of World War II.2 6 SOURCES • 2nd Tank Division • 5th Tank Division • 84th Motorised Rifle Division (Russian: моторизованная дивизия) • 23rd Rifle Division • 126th Rifle Division • 128th Rifle Division • 27th Army • 22nd Rifle Corps • 180th Rifle Division • 182nd Rifle Division • 24th Rifle Corps • 181st Rifle Division • 183rd Rifle Division 5 References [1] G. The next operation.70.). Lawrence. 10th and 201st airborne brigades) • Northwestern Front Air Force (commanded by L. Leland. Krivosheev Colonel-General (Author).).. David. Atlas and operational summary: the border battles. University Press of Kansas. Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the Twentieth Century. The Soviet Air Force in World War II: the official history. 22 June-1 July 1941. Colossus reborn: The Red Army at war 1941-1943. 2005 ISBN 0-7006-1353-6 . Ionov)[5] • 4th. Melbourne. London.

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