Beginner Lesson

This? That? No. That!
16
Hangul Transcript 2
Romanization 2
Translation 2
InIormal Conversation 2
Formal Conversation 2
Lesson Vocabulary 3
Cultural Insight 3
Grammar Points 3
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Hangul Transcript
(1)¬÷ ¹7;=I¯?
(2)^* ¯7E? ¯7?=II. ¹7;=II.
(3)¬÷ ¯7E? ±.77±E?
(4)^* I, ;=II.
Romanization
(1)sonnim igeo isseumnikka?
(2)jigwon geugeoyo? geugeo eopsseumnida. igeo isseumnida.
(3)sonnim geugeoyo? eum... jeogeo-neunyo?
(4)jigwon ne, isseumnida.
Translation
(1)Customer Do you have this?
(2)Staff That? We don't have that. We have this.
(3)Customer That? Hm... What about that (over there)?
(4)Staff Yes. We have that.
lnformal Conversation
(the dialog in the intimate politeness level)
(1)¬÷ ¹7;^?
(2)^* ¯7? ¯7?^. ¹7;^.
(3)¬÷ ¯7? ±.77±?
(4)^* ±, ;^.
Formal Conversation
(the dialog in the standard politeness level)
(1)¬÷ ¹7;^E?
(2)^* ¯7E? ¯7?^E. ¹7;^E.
(3)¬÷ ¯7E? ±.77±E?
(4)^* I, ;^E.
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Lesson Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
¹7 igeo
this (spoken)
¹´
¯7 geugeo
that [spoken - (close to
the listener) ]
¯´
77 jeogeo
that [spoken - (far from
the listener)]

¹´ igeot
this (proper, written
form)
¹7
¯´ geugeot
that [proper, written
form (close to the
listener)]
¯7
7´ jeogeot
that [proper, written
form (far from the
listener)]
77
Cultural lnsight
Korea has a substantial counterfeit bag industry. There are some extremely highly
quality bags in certain places. Typically, these places will be located in small back
rooms, where the clerk will show customers bags. These bags have grades, 'A' being
the highest grade. Sometimes these bags can cost up to around 75% the price of a
genuine bag. This is a testament to the quality that these counterfeiters produce.
Crannar Poinis
This conversation introduces three demonstrative pronouns and their usages in Korean.
This conversation also introduces the post-position politeness particle -E(-yo).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #1 - Demonstrative Pronouns - ¹7, ¯7, 77
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
¹7(igeo) is a demonstrative pronoun used for inanimate objects. lt translates to the Eng-
lish word "this." As discussed in the audio this word can be broken down a little further.
¹(this) + ´(thing) = ¹´(this, this one, this thing) = ¹7(spoken)
- ¹(i) - a preposition demonstrative modifier - this.
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- ´(geot) - noun which translates as "thing."
The pronunciation of ¹´(igeot) can hinder smooth and flowing speech because of it's
sudden stop. Therefore, to make speech flow smoothly, ¹7(igeo) is used more often in
spoken Korean. However, it is also used in instances where Korean is written as it would be
used in speech (i.e. chatting, blogs, letters, e-mails).
The topic marking particle that follows ¹´(igeot) is -¬(-eun) because ¹´(igeot) ends
with a consonant but ¹7(igeo) is followed by -±(-neun) since it ends in a vowel. There-
fore ¹´¬(igeos-eun) is the same as ¹7±(igeo-neun). ¹7±(igeo-neun) is often
shortened to ¹²(igeon). And just as the case was in this conversation, the topic marking
particle can often be dropped.
The same applies to ¯´(geugeot) and 7´(jeogeot):
¯(that) + ´(thing) = ¯´(that, that one, that thing) = ¯7(spoken)
¯(geu) - a preposition demonstrative modifier - that.
´(geot) - noun which translates as "thing."
¯´¬= ¯7±= ¯²
(geugeos-eun) = (geugeo-neun) = (geugeon)
7(that... over there) + ´(thing) = 7´(that over there, that one over there, that thing over
there) = 77(spoken)
7(jeo) - a preposition demonstrative modifier - that over there.
´(geot) - noun which translates as "thing."
7´¬= 77±= 7²
(jeogeos-eun) = (jeo-geot) = (jeogeon)
The difference between ¯7(geugeo) and 77(jeogeo) is that the two refer to things in
different proximities to the listener.
Both are used for items that are far from the speaker, however:
¯7(geugeo) is used for things that are close to the listener.
77(jeogeo) is used for things that are far from the listener (and the speaker).
When referring to something that is beyond the physical reach or sight of both the listener
and speaker, the word ¯7(geugeo) would be used as the demonstrative pronoun. ln Eng-
lish, the word would be 'it' or 'that.'
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #2 - The Politeness Particle - -E
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-E(-yo) is a post-position politeness marker, typically regarded for use in the standard po-
liteness level. Many intimate level speech patterns can be made respectful by attaching the
politeness particle, -E(-yo). ln addition, stand-alone nouns can also be made polite by us-
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ing this politeness particle.
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
lTI(bappeuda) - to be busy
- l±(bappa) - busy (intimate politeness - non-past)
- l±E(bappayo) - busy (standard politeness - non-past)
ºI(balkda) - to be bright
- º^(balka) - bright (intimate politeness - non-past)
- º^E(balkayo) - bright (standard politeness - non-past)
'*¨I(siwonhada) - to be refreshing
'*T^(siwonhaesseo) - was refreshing (intimate politeness - past)
'*T^E(siwonhaesseoyo) - was refreshing (standard politeness - past)
------------------------
=remember ¬
------------------------
Note: The copula ¹I(ida) does not follow this simple add-on procedure.
¹I(ida) - to be
¹/¹¹(ya/iya) - is/are/am (intimate politeness - non-past)
9E/¹9E(yeyo/ieyo) (standard politeness - non-past)
When it is attached to nouns, it acts as a post-position politeness particle. Typically, when
nouns are stated as is, it is not considered polite. However, in order to express respect to-
wards the listener, one can attach -E(-yo) as a politeness particle.
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
Nouns
Q:¯7±+9E? (geugeo-neun mwo-yeyo?) - What is that?
A1:7º(gabang) - bag
A2:7ºE(gabangyo) - bag (polite)
Q:+±=^E? (mwo-reul meogeoyo?) - What are you eating?
A1: +±(gimbap) - gimbap
A2: +±E. (gimbap-yo) - gimbap (polite)
However, when answering questions to those who deserve respect, it is generally more po-
lite to refrain from giving one word answers.
------------------------
=remember ¬
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------------------------
-E(-yo) also attaches to question words.
º? (wae) - why?
ºE? (waeyo) - why? (polite)
¬¬? (nugu) - who?
¬¬E? (nuguyo) - who? (polite)
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