DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA.

M.sC SECOND SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS 2008/2009 EEEN844 WIRELESS & MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS LEVEL; 800 DURATION: 2HRS INSTRUCTIONS: (i) Attempt only four questions Q1 (a) The base station in a location area of a cellular network has a coverage area of 1500m2. Given BER = 10-2; ; Mf = 5dB in a seven-cell reuse plan, find the channel-to-interference ratio in the cell

γ = 3 .5
and the spectral efficiency (assume channel spacing is 200KHz and a bit duration to be [10]

3.9µs
(b) Carrier frequency allocation in a cellular network utilizing the seven-cell reuse factor is carried out by triangular zone configuration where the central cell (carrier frequency 891.7MHz) is covered by six adjacent radio zones. If we assume that the carrier frequency drift is 5KHz and the channel spacing is 200KHz, calculate (i) The cluster bandwidth ( max) and

∆f
(ii) Sketch the carrier frequency allocation in the cluster showing their nominal values. [10] Q2 (a) Discuss the three common phases of GSM Operation during the transmission of traffic streams highlighting the logical channels involved as well as sketch the resource dimensioning of the spectrum [10] (b) Define the term Network Control and hence describe with the aid of a diagram the protocol structure of the CCITT No:7 signaling system with emphasis on the Signaling Connection and Control Part[10] Q3 (a) Describe with the aid of sketches the Low Earth Orbiting(LEO) Satellite System and discuss its coverage geometry[10] (b) What are the Network design considerations in the Teledesic Satellite System ,hence outline its constellation parameters[10] Q4 (a) Define the term Transmission Channel and hence with the aid of sketches discuss the Modulation Channel of the Wireless Channel jn digital communication systems[10]. (b) The open systems interconnection reference model defines how computer networking should be accomplished, hence discuss the typical architecture and implementation of a generalized layer of this model and in addition sketch the generic Ethernet physical and link layers. [10] Q5 (a) A digital message signal is given by the expression . If the generating

x11 × x 9 × x 5 × x 3 × 1
polynomial is given by obtain the cyclic redundancy code and show the hardware

x × x × x ×1
7 3 2

implementation of the encoder[10]. (b) Define digital modulation and enumerate the basic properties or requirements in the selection of modulation techniques and hence show the classification of wireless modulation schemes. [10] Q6 (a) The general strategy of using acknowledgements and timeouts to implement reliable delivery of data is sometimes called Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ). With the aid of sketches describe what typical acknowledgements and timeouts would need to be scheduled. [10]

(b) A digital device with an encoder that transmits a controllable packet size given by

,

n=2
where i = 1, 2, 3, … If it is given that the power ratio

1−i

× 512

, Rb = 9.6Kbps and h = 32bits where fD =

ρ = 0.05
1.34Hz, determine the optimal packet length and the throughput efficiency assuming . [10]

∆ = 360bits
DDD2010

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