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# DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING,

## M.sC SECOND SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS 2008/2009

EEEN844 WIRELESS & MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
LEVEL; 800 DURATION: 2HRS
INSTRUCTIONS: (i) Attempt only four questions
Q1 (a) The base station in a location area of a cellular network has a coverage area of 1500m2. Given BER =
10-2; ; Mf = 5dB in a seven-cell reuse plan, find the channel-to-interference ratio in the cell
γ = 3 .5
and the spectral efficiency (assume channel spacing is 200KHz and a bit duration to be [10]
3.9µs
(b) Carrier frequency allocation in a cellular network utilizing the seven-cell reuse factor is carried out by
triangular zone configuration where the central cell (carrier frequency 891.7MHz) is covered by six
adjacent radio zones. If we assume that the carrier frequency drift is 5KHz and the channel spacing is
200KHz, calculate
(i) The cluster bandwidth ( max) and
∆f
(ii) Sketch the carrier frequency allocation in the cluster showing their nominal values. [10]
Q2 (a) Discuss the three common phases of GSM Operation during the transmission of traffic streams
highlighting the logical channels involved as well as sketch the resource
dimensioning of the spectrum [10]

(b) Define the term Network Control and hence describe with the aid of a diagram the protocol structure of
the CCITT No:7 signaling system with emphasis on the Signaling Connection and Control Part[10]
Q3 (a) Describe with the aid of sketches the Low Earth Orbiting(LEO) Satellite System and discuss its
coverage geometry[10]
(b) What are the Network design considerations in the Teledesic Satellite System ,hence outline its
constellation parameters[10]
Q4 (a) Define the term Transmission Channel and hence with the aid of sketches discuss the Modulation
Channel of the Wireless Channel jn digital communication systems[10].
(b) The open systems interconnection reference model defines how computer networking should be
accomplished, hence discuss the typical architecture and implementation of a generalized layer of this model
and in addition sketch the generic Ethernet physical and link layers. [10]
Q5 (a) A digital message signal is given by the expression . If the generating
x11 × x 9 × x 5 × x 3 × 1
polynomial is given by obtain the cyclic redundancy code and show the hardware
x × x × x ×1
7 3 2

## implementation of the encoder[10].

(b) Define digital modulation and enumerate the basic properties or requirements in the selection of
modulation techniques and hence show the classification of wireless modulation schemes. [10]

Q6 (a) The general strategy of using acknowledgements and timeouts to implement reliable delivery of data is
sometimes called Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ). With the aid of sketches describe what typical
acknowledgements and timeouts would need to be scheduled. [10]
(b) A digital device with an encoder that transmits a controllable packet size given by ,
1−i
n=2 × 512
where i = 1, 2, 3, … If it is given that the power ratio , Rb = 9.6Kbps and h = 32bits where fD =
ρ = 0.05
1.34Hz, determine the optimal packet length and the throughput efficiency assuming . [10]
∆ = 360bits

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