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# Physics Model Paper – 1

Section – II ( 40 Marks )
Answer all the questions
Q.1 (a) Give reasons: Scissors for cutting clothes have longer handles than blades while
shears for cutting metals have longer handles than blades 
(b) Define weight of a body . Is weight scalar or vector 
(c) State how the angle of deviation of a ray of light through a prism depends upon :
(i) the angle of prism
(ii) the colour or wavelength of light 
(d) What are the two essential conditions for total internal reflection to take place. 
(e) Define resonance. 

Q.2 (a) An electric kettle is rated 230V – 100W. In how much time will it consume it consume
20KWh of energy ? 
(b) Draw a neat diagram of a dual control switch with a bulb in ‘on’ position. 
(c) State two advantages of an electromagnet over permanent magnet . 
(d) State the principles of working of a dynamo and d.c motor 
(e) A 1000W heater raises the temperature of 5kg of a liquid by 5oC in 2 mins. Find the
specific heat capacity of the liquid. 

## Q.3 (a) Define thermionic emission . 

(b) A sample of radioactive substance is kept in a lead lined box with a small opening .
A magnetic field is created around the box . Draw a schematic diagram showing the
deflection of the emissions due to this magnetic field, with the magnetic lines of
force going into the plane of the paper. 
(c) A thorium isotope 233Th99 , undergoes an α - decay and changes into radium ( Ra ).
The radium further emits two β - particles and changes back to Thorium. Represent
this reaction in the form of an equation . 
(d) Arrange the following in the order of increasing frequencies : X – rays , microwaves ,
infrared rays , gamma rays . 
(e) State the 2 factors on which lateral displacement of light in a glass block depends . 

Q.4 (a) A ray of light , after refraction through a concave lens emerges parallel to the principle
axis . Draw a ray diagram to illustrate this . 
(b) Two resistors of 3 Ω & 6 Ω are connected in parallal across a 12V battery. Draw the
circuit diagram . Calculate the electric energy in S.I units consumed in each resistor in
1 minute. 
(c) Draw a labeled diagram of a hot CRT 
(d) In the diagram AB = 80 cm , BC = 20 cm. Calculate (i) M.A (ii) Effort 
A E C

50N B

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SECTION – II
Attempt any four questions
Q.5 (a) What is the timbre of sound ? What does waveform of a sound depend upon ? 
(b) State three ways of decreasing the frequency of a note emitted by a stringed
instrument. 
(c) An electric bulb is rated 220V-60W is working at full efficiency :
(i) State the resistance of the coil of each bulb.
(ii) If two such identical bulbs are connected in series across 220V mains , calculate
1. the rate of conversion of energy in each bulb
2. the total power 

Q.6 (a) Give reasons : Water is used in hot water bottles for fomentation and also as a
universal coolant. 
(b) In the figure , ammeter A reads 0.3A. Calculate : 6V
(i) the total resistance of the circuit
(ii) the value of R
(iii) the current flowing through R A 
R

## (c) Draw a neat labeled diagram of a DC motor. 60 

Q.7 (a) State the 3 properties common to β rays and cathode rays 
(b) A lens produces a virtual diminished image of an object . Draw a ray diagram
illustrating this statement . 
(c) A heating coil is immersed in a calorimeter of heat capacity 50JoC-1 containing 1 kg
of liquid of specific heat capacity 450J kg-1C-1. The temperature of the liquid rises by
10oC when a 2A current is passed for 10 minutes . Find (i) the resistance of the coil
(ii) the potential difference across the coil . State the assumption used in your
calculation. 
Q.8 (a) Draw a neat diagram to show how a prism can be used to deviate a ray of light
through 90o 
(b) Fill in the blanks with the words “less than” , “greater than”or “equal to” 
(i) In class II levers M.A is always ________ 1 and V.R is _______ 1
(ii) in class III levers MA is always ________ 1 and VR is ________ 1
(iii) in practical machines MA is ________ V.R
(c) A body weighs 600N on earth . What is the weight on the moon where g is one sixth
that on the earth ? Give your answers in S.I units as well as in gravitational units . 
(d) (i) An electron has energy of 4.0 x 10-19 J. Express this in eV. 
(ii) Define latent heat of vapourisation of a substance 

Q.9 (a) The diagram shows an object O and its image I formed through a lens . Copy the
diagram and draw suitable rays to locate lens and focal points . Name the type of
lens shown by you.

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(b) (i) Define specific heat capacity and state its S.I unit. 
(ii) State 2 reasons why copper is used as a calorimeter. 
(c) A stone of mass 200g is thrown vertically upwards with an initial velocity of 20ms-2.
Calculate the total energy it possesses at a point half-way through its upward
journey. 

Q.10 (a) Three resistors R1 , R2 and R3 are connected in series . Derive the formulae Req = R1
+ R2 + R3 for this arrangement . 
(b) State the type of prism used to detect the presence of UV radiation . Give reason. 
(c) State two advantages of using a total reflecting prism as a reflector in place of a
plane mirror. 
(d) In a dam generating hydro-electric power , water falls at the rate of 1000 kg per sec
from a height of 100m. Assuming that 60% of the water’s energy is converted to
electrical energy , calculate the power generated ( g = 10ms-2 )