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A SIMPLE INVERTING AND NON-INVERTING AMPLIFIER

I. OBJECTIVES
1. To demonstrate the non-inverting and inverting amplifier using analog meter (a voltmeter).
2. To demonstrate an audio amplifier.
II. TEST EQUIPMENT
(1) Power Supply (if no battery is available)
(1) Oscilloscope
(1) Radio Shack Console
III. PARTS NEEDED
(1) 1 k [brn,blk,red]
(4) 10 k [brn,blk,org]
(1) 47 k [yel,gry,org]
(1) 1 M [brn,blk,grn]
1 set of connecting wires
(6) 1.5-V AA battery

1
2
3
4

272

TLC 272

5
6
7
8

1
2
3
4

LM 386

386

5
6
7
8

IV. PROCEDURE;
1. The IC that is used in the circuit of figure 1 is TLC 272, a dual op-amp CMOS but only
one op-amp is used in the circuit. Figure 2 gives the internal connections of input and
outputs of IC TLC 272. You can replace R4 in series with the meter by a multimeter set to
voltmeter mode.
+9V

+9V

34
35
R3
100k?

3 + 8
272
2
4

36
R1
1k?

R2
10k?

R4
10k?

2
+

1
-

Figure 1-A Non-Inverting Amplifier


2. Set up the circuit of figure 1. The 100-k pot. is move all the way to the left to set the
input voltage to the non-inverting (+) terminal of the IC minimum. Notice the value of
the meter (which serves as a voltmeter in this case).

8 +VCC
-

3
4
GND

7
-

Figure 2- A TLC 272


VO(meter) = ___________________
3. Increase the pot (move the pot gradually to the right) until it reaches its maximum value.
This increases the input voltage to the (+) terminal. Record the output voltage when the
pot is at maximum value.
VO(meter) = _____________
4. What do you notice with the output voltage when you increase the input? When you
decrease the input? This is the non-inverting amplifier.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
5. Set up the circuit in figure 3. Push down the DPST to open the connection between 100
k pot and the inverting terminal of the IC. Also, the 100 k pot is moved all the way to
the left to set the input voltage minimum power on the circuit.

+9V
+9V
34
R3
100kO

35

41
DPST

R2

R1

40

1kO

36
3

+9V

R5
10kO

8
272
+
4

10kO
R4
1

2
+

1
Meter

R6
10kO

Figure 3 -An Inverting Amplifier


6. Measure the output voltage.
VO = _______________
7. Move up the DPST and measure the output voltage with the 100 k pot set to minimum.
VO = _______________
8. Move the pot to the right gradually until it is set to its minimum value to make the input
voltage maximum. Measure the output voltage.
VO max = _______________
9. When you increased the input voltage to (-) terminal, what happened to the output
voltage? This is the inverting amplifier.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
10. Set up the circuit of figure 4. The circuit makes use of one op-amp with an audio
oscillator formed by CI and R4 with 100 k pot. Varying the pot varies the sound
(frequency) that can be heard through the speaker coupled by an audio transformer. Set
the 100 k pot all the way to the left to reduce the value of oscillator to minimum. Power
on the amplifier. Draw the waveform and record the frequency.

+3V

R4
+3V

34

10kO
35
2

8
272
1
+
4
3
C1
0.1F

R1

R2

47kO

10kO

61

59

63

62

69

OSC.

68

R3
1MO

Figure 4. An Audio Amplifier


VO = _______________
11. Move the pot gradually to the right and observe the sound. Record its highest frequency.

12. You can increase the amplitude or volume of the amplifier by cascading another op-amp
(audio amplifier) to 272 op-amps. Disconnect the audio amplifier and replace it with the
circuit in figure 5.

13. Power on the audio amplifier and observe the sound. Record the amplitude and highest
frequency sound.
F = _________________
VO = ________________

+3V
6
3
2 386
4
+

TO PIN 1
( 272 )

0.47F

37 R5

C2

OSC.

470F
69
C3

10k?
68

Figure 5.
V. QUESTIONS TO PONDER
1. State the characteristics of output voltage of a :
(a). Non-inverting amplifier and
(b). inverting amplifier

2. Compare the amplifier coupled by an audio transformer with the coupled by another
amplifier (see figure 4 and 5).

3. Modify the circuit of figure 5 to make an indicator of signal (sound) level at the
output. Use LED and a 470 resistor.