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Ch3 DSP Matlab Examples

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Example E3.1: Determine the DTFT X(e j ) of the causal sequence

n e

j0 n j

e

+ e j0 ne j

[n]

2

A j

A j

j n

j

e e o [n]+ e

e o [n] . Therefore,

=

2

2

1

1

A j

A j

j

X(e ) = e

+ e

j

j .

j

j

2

1 e e o 2

1 e e o

______________________________________________________________________________

H(e j ) = (3 + 2 cos + 4 cos2 )cos( / 2)e j / 2 .

e j + e j

e j2 + e j2 e j /2 + e j/ 2 j / 2

Answer: H(e j ) = 3 + 2

+

4

e

2

2

2

1

= 2 e j2 + 3e j + 4 + 4e j + 3e j2 + 2e j3 . Hence, the inverse of H(e j ) is a

2

length-6 sequence given by h[n] = [1 1.5 2 2 1.5 1], 2 n 3.

______________________________________________________________________________

Example E3.3: Let X(e j ) denote the DTFT of a real sequence x[n]. Determine the inverse

DTFT y[n] of Y(e j ) = X(e j3 ) in terms of x[n].

(

(

)

)

n

j

jn

j 3

jn 3

Y(e ) =

y[n]e

= X (e ) =

x[n](e

) =

x[m / 3]e jm .

n =

m=

n =

x[n], n = 0, 3, 6,K

Therefore, y[n] =

otherwise.

0,

______________________________________________________________________________

Example E3.4: Without computing the DTFT, determine whether the following DTFT has an

inverse that is even or an odd sequence:

n3 , N n N,

x[n] =

0,

otherwise.

3

______________________________________________________________________________

-1-

Discrete-Time Signals and Systems in the Frequency Domain

Example E3.5: Let X(e j ) denote the DTFT of a real sequence x[n]. Determine the DTFT

Y(e j ) of the sequence y[n] = x[n] * x[n].

Answer: Let u[n] = x[n], and let X(e j ) and U(e j ) denote the DTFTs of x[n] and u[n],

respectively. From the convolution property of the DTFT given in Table 3.4, the DTFT of y[n]

= x[n] * u[n] is given by Y(e j ) = X(e j ) U(e j ) . From Table 3.4, U(e j ) = X(e j ). But

2

from Table 3.2, X(e j ) = X *(e j ). Hence, Y(e j ) = X(e j ) X * (e j )= X(e j ) which is

real-valued function of .

______________________________________________________________________________

Example E3.6: Without computing the inverse DTFT, determine whether the inverse of the

DTFT shown in Figure E3.1 is an even or an odd sequence.

j

X(e )

Figure E3.1

Answer: X(e j ) is a real-valued function of . Hence, its inverse is an even sequence.

______________________________________________________________________________

Example E3.7: A sequence x[n] has zero-phase DTFT as shown in Figure E3.2 Sketch the

DTFT of the sequence x[n]e jn / 3.

j

X(e )

/ 3

/3

Figure E3.2

Answer: From the frequency-shifting property of the DTFT given in Table 3.4, the DTFT of

x[n]e jn / 3 is given by X(e j( + /3) ). A sketch of this DTFT is shown below.

-2-

Discrete-Time Signals and Systems in the Frequency Domain

X(e j(+ /3) )

1

2 / 3 / 3

/3

2 / 3

______________________________________________________________________________

Example E3.8: Consider {x[n]} = {3 0 1 2 3 4 1 0 1}, 3 n 5, with a DTFT

given by X(e j ) . Evaluate the following functions of X(e j ) without computing the transform

itself: (a) X(e j0 ) , (b) X(e j ), (c)

j0

(c)

(d)

(e)

X(e

)d, (d)

2

dX(e j )

d.

d

x[n] = 3 +1 2 3 + 4 +1 1 = 3.

n=

x[n] e jn = 3 1 2 + 3 + 4 1 +1 = 1.

n =

X(e

X(e

(b) X(e j ) =

)d = 2 x[0] = 4 .

j 2

) d = 2

j 2

n =

dX(e )

d = 2

d

n =

in-frequency property)

______________________________________________________________________________

-3-

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