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176

REPORT ON THE 4th WORLD CONFERENCE


ON EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING

s h e p h e r d

T h r e e h u n d r e d and eighty p a r t i c i p a n t s from 29 countries


a t t e n d e d the 4 W . C . E . E . h e l d in S a n t i a g o , C h i l e b e t w e e n J a n u a r y
1 3 t h and 18th, 1 9 6 9 .
One h u n d r e d and twenty C h i l e a n s r e g i s t e r e d ;
the next largest d e l e g a t i o n s b e i n g of n i n e t y - o n e from the U . S . A .
and f o r t y from J a p a n .
N e w Z e a l a n d h a d five r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , G. Cooper and C. M .
S t r a c h a n from W e l l i n g t o n , R. S h e p h e r d and W . R. W a l p o l e from
C h r i s t c h u r c h and J. H e a l y , N . Z . G o v e r n m e n t V u l c a n o l o g i s t at p r e s e n t
w o r k i n g on a g e o t h e r m a l p r o j e c t in n o r t h e r n C h i l e .
Of the three
h u n d r e d and sixty papers offered, one h u n d r e d and fifty w e r e
a c c e p t e d for p r e s e n t a t i o n at the c o n f e r e n c e ;
the first four N e w
Z e a l a n d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s listed above each i n t r o d u c e d one p a p e r .
M r C . W . 0 . Turner of W e l l i n g t o n , V i c e - P r e s i d e n t of the
I n t e r n a t i o n a l A s s o c i a t i o n for E a r t h q u a k e E n g i n e e r i n g h a d the
m i s f o r t u n e to e x p e r i e n c e a m o t o r accident shortly b e f o r e his
p l a n n e d d e p a r t u r e for C h i l e and c o n s e q u e n t l y w a s c o m p e l l e d to
c a n c e l h i s a r r a n g e m e n t s to attend the c o n f e r e n c e .
F e a t u r e s e s s i o n s included r e p o r t s of r e c e n t m a j o r e a r t h q u a k e s
p a r t i c u l a r l y those occurring in 1967 at A d a p a z a r i in Turkey and
C a r a c a s in V e n e z u e l a .
U n f o r t u n a t e l y no a r r a n g e m e n t s h a d b e e n m a d e
to r e p o r t on the I n a n g a h u a e a r t h q u a k e .
T h e r e w e r e twelve t e c h n i c a l sessions a r r a n g e d under the
following headings:
S e i s m i c i t y and S i m u l a t e d E a r t h q u a k e s ,
V i b r a t i o n Tests of S t r u c t u r e s , G r o u n d M o t i o n and I n s t r u m e n t s ,
B e h a v i o u r of S t r u c t u r a l E l e m e n t s , Elastic R e s p o n s e of S t r u c t u r e s ,
L a r g e B u i l d i n g s and S t r u c t u r a l D e t a i l s , I n e l a s t i c Seismic R e s p o n s e ,
D e s i g n of other S t r u c t u r e s , Soils and Soil S t r u c t u r e s , F o u n d a t i o n s
and S o i l S t r u c t u r e I n t e r a c t i o n , D e s i g n C r i t e r i a and R e s e a r c h , and
S m a l l B u i l d i n g s C r i t e r i a and R e s e a r c h .

R e a d e r in C i v i l E n g i n e e r i n g ,
U n i v e r s i t y of C a n t e r b u r y , Chr is t c h u r c h .

177

As in previous conferences, a large proportion of the papers


dealt with the seismic behaviour of structures or structural
components although on this occasion a significant number of papers
considered special structures, such as dams, and papers on underground pipe lines, suspension bridges and nuclear power plants
were presented.
It was evident that since the last world conference significant
progress has been made in the inelastic seismic response prediction
field but the group of papers dealing with soil-structure interaction
was somewhat disappointing.
On this occasion a group of papers centered attention on the
seismic probability and risk problem but little new was offered on
the subjects of earthquake measurement techniques and seismic
loading simulation methods. The particular problems of pre-stressed
concrete and masonry earthquake resistant design received regrettably
sparse attention.
It is anticipated that the four volumes of conference
proceedings, complete with discussions, will be available later
this year from the 4WCEE Technical Secretary, P.O. Box 2777,
Santiago, Chile, with whom orders should be placed.
(A list of
papers presented at the Conference follows this report.)
The following Officers and Directors were elected for the
next four years:President:
G.
Executive Vice-President:
Secretary-General:
J.
Directors:
0.
N.
A.
F.
L.
J.
S.
S.
K.

W. Housner, U.S.A.
R. Flores, Chile.
K. Minami, Japan.
A. Glogau, New Zealand.
N. Ambraseys, Great Britain.
Arias, Chile.
J. Borges, Portugal.
E. Esteva, Mexico.
Krishna, India.
Okamoto, Japan.
Poliakov, U.S.S.R.
Steinbrugge, U.S.A.

Invitations to hold the next conference in 1973 were received


from Italy, India and Turkey, but the actual venue will be decided
by postal ballot of the Directors.
In his closing address Professor Housner drew attention to
the increasing importance of Earthquake Engineering arising from
the increase in the w o r l d s population. He stressed the need to
provide optimum economic protection by means of seismic design and
1

178

e m p h a s i s e d that, c o n s i s t e n t w i t h the e x p e c t a t i o n that some d a m a g e


w i l l b e s u s t a i n e d in severe e a r t h q u a k e s , w e need to k n o w m o r e
about the b e h a v i o u r b e y o n d t h e e l a s t i c limit;
specifically how
c l o s e to c o l l a p s e a s t r u c t u r e m o v e s as w e l l as h o w far it is from
y i e l d w h e n in the damage z o n e .
A t t e n d a n c e at the 4 W . C . E .E. p r o v e d to b e b o t h s t i m u l a t i n g
and r e w a r d i n g .
It p r o v i d e d an ideal o p p o r t u n i t y to e x c h a n g e
i n f o r m a t i o n on r e c e n t p r o g r e s s and u n s o l v e d p r o b l e m s .
The
P r o c e e d i n g s w i l l c o n t a i n r e f e r e n c e m a t e r i a l of v a l u e to all
those e n g a g e d in e a r t h q u a k e e n g i n e e r i n g a c t i v i t y .

SESSION

SESSION

1.

2.

AUTHOR (S )

TITLE

AUTHOR (S )

Engineering Estimates of Ground Shaking


and Maximum Earthquake Magnitude.

G.W.

Analysis of Strong-Motion
Accelerograph R e c o r d s .

D . E . Hudson
N . C . Nigam
M . D . Trifuhac

Seismic Risk Studies in the United States.

S.T. Algermissen

Earthquake and Reservoir

J.P. Rothe

Loadings.

Housner

Statistical Inference of the Future


Earthquake Ground M o t i o n .

Hisao Goto
Hiroyuki Kameda

Earthquake

W . G . Milne
A . G . Davenport

Probability

The Major Influences on Seismic

Risk

Allin Cornell
Erik H. Vanmarcke

A Physically Based Model to Simulate


Strong Earthquake Record on Firm Grounds

Octavio Rascon
C. Allin Cornell

Significance of Nonstationarity
Earthquake M o t i o n s .

M . Amin
H.T, Ts'Ao
A . H . S . Ang

of

Nondeterministic Analysis of Nonlinear


Structures Subjected to Earthquake Excitations.

Jose Penzien
Shi-Chi Liu

Structural Responses to Nonstationary


Random Excitation.

Hisao Goto
Kenzo Toki

Simulated Earthquake Motions for Design


Purposes.

P.C. Jennings
G.W. Housner
N . C . Tsai

An Earthquake M a p of C h i l e .

Cinna

Seismicity Prediction:

L. Esteva

A Bayesian Approach.

Response of Linear Systems to Certain


Transient Disturbances.

Lomnitz

Emilio Rosenblueth
Jorge Elourdy

On the Earthquake Motions


Aseismic Designing.

Kiyoshi Kanai

for

Characteristics of Earthquake Motion


at the Rocky Ground.

C. Tamura
T. Mizukoski
' T. Ono

Seismic Observation of Rigid Structure


on Various Soils and Its Review.

Kinji Akino
Tokiharu Ota
Hiroshi Yamara

Influence of Geometry and Material Properties


on the Seismic Response of Soil D e p o s i t s .

I.M. Idriss
H Bolton Seed
H . Dezfulian

Experimental Study on the Vibrational


Characteristics of Ground.

S. Yoshikawa
M . Shima
R. Irikura

Control of Train Operation on the New


Tokaido Line on the Occasion of Earthquake.

Japanese Nat:Railway
D r . Tatsuo Nishiki
Koichi Tamura
M a s a o Nonogaki

Field Investigation of the Influence of Site


Conditions on Ground and Structural Response.

S. Cherry

The Intensity of Ground Motion of the


Skopje 1963 Earthquake.

Apostol

Strong Motion Records

William K. Cloud
Virgilio Perez

and.Acceleration.

Studies on the Spectra of Ground


Caused by Nearby Earthquakes.
Scale of Seismic

Vibrations

Intensity.

Maximum Intensity of Ground Movements


Caused by Faulting.

Poceski

V.V.

Shteinberg

S.V.

Medvedev

N.N.

Ambraseys

SESSION
SESSION

AUTHOR(S)

Factors Influencing the Inelastic


Response of Multi-Story Frames Subjected
to Strong Motion Earthquakes.

B . P . Guru
A . C . Heidebrecht

The Effect of Minimum Cross Bracing on the


Inelastic Response of Multi-Story
Buildings.

Robert D . Hanson
William F.B. Fan

The Effect of Gravity on the Collapse of


Yielding Structures with Earthquake Excitation.

Raul Husid

R.* Shepherd

John A . Blume

The Distributed Element Concept of Hysteretic


W . D . Iwan
Modeling and Its Application to Transient Problems.

AUTHOR (S )

Dynamic Analysis of Tall Buildings


Founded in Deep Fill M a t e r i a l s .

H . Sexton
R.J. Feibusch
E.J. Keith

Brick M a s o n r y Effect in Vibrations


of F r a m e s .

Simon Lamar
Celso Fortoul

Dynamic Elastic Analysis

in the Design
Buildings.

Structural Dynamics of Cantilever-Type


Torsion in Symmetrical

4.

TITLE
TITLE

of Typical New Zealand High-Rise

3.

Buildings

Buildings

Nathan M . Newmark

A Study on the Earthquake Response of


S p a c e Structures b y Digital Computers.

Kazuhiko

Response Analysis of Framed Structures.

Y . Ohchi

Spectrum Techniques for Tall B u i l d i n g s .

Paul C. Jennings

Earthquake Response of
Shaped B u i l d i n g s .

Joseph

Irregularly

The Ultimate Strength of the Steel


Subjected to Earthquake.

Structures

Ben Kato
Hiroshi Akiyama

Takeyama
Torsional Problems in Aseismic Design of
High-Rise Buildings.

Tadaki Koh
Hiromoto Takase
Tsunehisa Tsugawa

Elastic and Inelastic Response of Framed


Structures During Earthquakes.

N . C . Nigam
G.W. Housner

Non-Linear Response Analysis of M u l t i - S t o r y


Structures Including Rocking and Swaying
Subjected to Earthquake Ground M o t i o n s .

T . Odaka
T. Suzuki
K. Kinoshita

Torsional Response of Building to Strong


Earthquake M o t i o n s .

Akenori Shibata
Junichi Onose
Toshio Shiga

Penzien

Earthquake Analysis of Suspension


Bridges.

S.S. Tezcan
S. Cherry

Estimating Natural Frequencies and Modes


of Arch Dams with the Theory of Plates
on Elastic Foundation.

Rudolph

Szilard

Time-History Response of Buildings w i t h


Unusual C o n f i g u r a t i o n s .

.John A . Blume
Dilip Jhaveri

Dynamic Earthquake Behaviour of Shell R o o f s .

R.W. Clough
A . J . Carr.

The Nonlinear Response of a Multi-Story


PreR.A. Spencer
stressed Concrete Structure to Earthquake Excitation.
Maximum Deformations of Certain Nonlinear Systems.

A . S . Veletsos

Response Spectra for Elastic and Elastoplastic


Apostol
Systems Subjected to Earthquakes for Short Duration.

Poceski

To The Final State of Rectangular F r a m e s .

Ryo Tanabashi
Yiyoshi Kaneta
Tsuneyoshi Nakamura
Shunzo Ishida

The Inelastic Response of a Steel Frame.

W . R . Walpole
R. Shepherd

SESSION

5.
SESSION

6.

AUTHOR (S )
AUTHOR(S)
Pore-Water Pressures in Earth Slopes
Under Seismic Loading Conditions.

H. Bolton Seed
Kenneth L. Lee

Vibratory Compaction of the Soil and


Tectonic Subsidence During the 1960
Earthquake in Valdiva, Chile.

Eugenio Retamal
Edgar Kausel

Densification of Sand by Vertical V i b r a t i o n s .

Robert V . Whitman
Pedro Ortigosa de
Pablo.

Techniques for Field Measurements of Shear


Wave Velocity in S o i l * .

C . Martin Duke

Earthquake Analysis of Earth D a m s .

A . K . Chopra
M . Dibaj
R.W. Clough
J. Penzien
H.B. Seed

Vibration Test of a Structure


by Pile Foundation.

Supported

K. Kubo

Effect of Size and Shape of Foundation on


Elastic Coefficients in a Layered Soil M a s s .

Shamshe Prakash
B.M. Basavanna

Some Special Problems in the Design of


Deep F o u n d a t i o n s .

S.B.

Dam Foundation Interaction During Earthquakes.

A n i l K. Chopra
P.R. Perumalswam

Dynamic Analysis of a Structure Embedded


an Elastic Stratum.

Hirishi

in

Barnes

Tajimi

Some Effects of Substructure and Adjacent


Soil Interaction on the Seismic Response
of Building.

J. Kazuo Minami
Joji Sakural

Yashimasa Kobayashi
Jap.National R a i l w a y s .

A Method of Analysis for the Evaluation of


Foundation Structure Interaction.

Edward L. Wilson

Jai Krishna
Shamshar. Prakash
S.K. Thakkar

Soil Structure Interaction of the Elevated


Tower and of Concrete Footings.

H. Kishida
K. M a t s u s h i t a
I. Sakamoto

On Vibration Characteristics of Fill Dams


in Earthquakes.

Isao Minami

On Earthquake Response of Elasto Plastic


Structure Considering Ground C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .

R. M i n a m i
T. Koborl
Y . Inone

Seismic Analysis of Earth D a m s .

Hatano T.
H . Watanabe

Equivalent Lumped System for Structure


Founded Upon Stratum of S o i l .

Robert V . Whitman

Elastic Soil Structure

J. Khanna

Mechanism of Earthquake Damage to


Embankments and Slopes.
A Study of Earth Dam Models Under
Loading..

Shock

Earth Pressure Distribution Behind


Retaining Wall During Earthquake.

Shamshar Prakash
B.M. Basavanna

Vibrations of Earth Dams During

I.M. Lavrov
G.A. Lyamzina
S.V. Medvedev

Earthquakes.

Interaction.

Conventional Foundations and their


Earthquake Problems.

William T. Wheelej

Oscillations of Tower Like Structures with


Account of Inertia and Elasticity of Solid
Medium.

B.G. Korenev
V . A . Illjichjov
L.M. Reznikov

SESSION
SESSION

1.

TITLE

AUTHOR (S )

Earthquake Measurements in and Around


a Reinforced Concrete Building.

Y.
T.
M.
Y.

Study on the Large Scale Displacement


Vibration Tests for the 1/25 Scale of
the 17 Storied Building J.N.R.

Chikaaki Ueda

Vibration Tests and Test to Failure of


a 7 Stories Building Survived a Severe
Earthquake.

Issao Funahashi
Katsuhiro Kinoshita
Hiroyuki Aoyama

Observed Earthquake Responses of B r i d g e s .

Elichi Kuribatasi
Toshi Iwasaki

Vibration Studies of an Arch

Tadahsi

Dam.

Periods of Buildings of Mendoza

City.

Osawa
Tanaka
Murakami
Kitagawa

Juan S. Carmona
Jose Herrera Cano
Shunzo Okamoto
Katsuyuki Kato

Use of Resonance Method in Mechanical


Modeling of Seismic Effects on Structure

Sh.G. Napatvaridze
P.A. Gutidze

Summarized Report of Dynamic Tests of


High-Rised Buildings and Co-operative Plan
for Large Scale Vibration Test in Japan.

The Group for


Dynamic Tests of
High-Rised Buildings

Dynamic Response of a 90ft Steel Frame Tower.

N . N . Nielsen

Resonance Testing of Multi-storey


Infilled F r a m e s .

D.V. Mallick Ph.D.

Investigations into Earthquake


of Large Panel B u i l d i n g s .

Deformation

Resistance

2.
AUTHOR (S )

A Research Program on the Earthquake


Resistance of Shear Wall Buildings.

A . C . Heidebrecht
W . K . Tso

A Vibration Test of Large Model Steel


Frame with Precast Concrete Panel until
Failure

R.
M.
Y.
N.

Low Cycle Fatigue Under Multi-Axial


Conditions.

Koji Mizuhata

Stress

H . Sandl
G. Serbanexcu
S .V. Polyakov
B .E. Denisov
T . Z H . Zhunusov
V . I . Konovodchenko
A . V . Cherkashin

Tamura
Murakami
Osawa
Tanaka

On the Aseismicity of Precast Curtain Wall

Seiji Watanabe
Shozaburo Shimaguchi

Damping Capacity of a Model Steel


Structure.

D. Rea
R.W. Clough
J.G. Bouwkamp
U. Vogel

The Coupling of Reinforced Concrete Shear W a l l s .

Thomas

Evaluation of Inelastic Seismic Deflections of


Reinforced Concrete Frames Based on the Tests
of M e m b e r s .

Hajime Umemura
Hiroyuki Aoyama

Seismic Behaviour of Reinforced


Frame Structures.

Vitelmo Bertero
Boris Bresler

Takahashi

A Method of Dynamic Model Test of


Arch Dam.

Experimental Results of the Dynamic


of Multi-Storey B u i l d i n g s .

TITLE

Concrete

Paulay

Repeated and Reversed Load Tests on F u l l Scale Steel F r a m e s .

Lauren Carpenter
Le-Wu Lu

Low Cycle Fatigue Fracture Limits of Various Kinds


of Structural Members Subjected to Alternately
Repeated Plastic Bending Under Axial Compression
as an Evaluation Basis or Design Criteria for
Aseismic Capacity.

Minouri Yamada

Research on Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete


ConstructionsUnder the Effect of Seismic Load.

G.N. Kartsivadze
L.N. Avalishvill

The Experimental Study on the Dynamic Behaviour


of Reinforced Concrete Frames.

Toshio Shiga
Jungi Ogawa

An Experimental Study on the Horizontal


Restoring Forces in Steel Frames Under
Large Vertical L o a d s .

M . Wakabayashi
T. Nonaka
C h . Matsui

SESSION

SESSION 2 CONT'D
TITLE

AUTHOR (S )

Bearing Capacity of Building Materials


Under Dynamic Repeated Loading.

S .V.
H.V.
Ju.I.
T.V.

Polyakov
Becheneva
Kotov
Potapova

3.

TITLE

AUTHOR(S)

Research on the Behaviour of Steel


Beam to Column Connections in the
Seismic-Resistant Structure.

Takeo Naka
Ben Kato
Makoto Watabe
Masami Nakao

Reliability of Steel Beam to Column


Connections Under Cyclic Loading.

E.P. Popov
R.B. Pinkney

Seismic Behaviour of Steel Beam to


Column Connected Subassemblages.

Vitelmo

Bertero

Variability Analysis of Shear Wall Str\ ctures

Jack R.

Benjamin

An Approximate Method of Static and


Dynamic Analysis of Core-Wall B u i l d i n g s .

Sukenobu Tani
Joji Sakurai
M i c h i o Iguchi

Design of Beam Column Joints for Seismic


Resistant Reinforced Concrete Frames.

W . Gene Corley
Norman W . Hanson

Seismic Moment Resisting Girder


to Diagonally Aligned C o l u m n s .

Sadaichi Terada
Akira Tsuruta

Connecting

Antiseismic Design of Multi-Story


Frames b y Plastic M e t h o d s .

Steel

Oscar de Buen

The Use of Steel to B.S.968:1962 in the


All-Welded Frame of a 19 Storey Building.

G. Cooper

Studies on Mechanisms to Decrease


Forces Applied to B u i l d i n g s .

Kiyoo Matsushita
Masanori Izumi

Earthquake

Study of the Behaviour of a Hanging


Under the Effect of an Earthquake.
Absorber System" for Earthquake

Building

Excitations.

Carlos Jose Oto


Larios and others
Y.'P. Gupta
A . R . Chandrasekaran

SESSION

SESSION

4.

B
AUTHOR (S)

AUTHOR (S)
Earthquake Analysis of Reservoir Dam
Systems.

A n i l K. Chopra
E . L . Wilson
I. Farhoomand

Study on the Earthquake Proof Design of


Elevated Water T a n k s .

Y . Sonobe
T. Nishikawa

Hydrodynamic Pressures Generated by Vertical


Earthquake Component.

A. Victoria Flores
L. Herrera
C . Lozano

Seismic Design Criteria for Nuclear


Facilities.

Nathan M . Newmark
William J. Hall

Water Dam Seismic

Reactor

Interaction.

H. Sandi

Seismic Forces and Overturning Moments


in Buildings, Towers and C h i m n e y s .

Steven J. Fenves
Nathan M . Newmark

Seismic Design of Traditional and


Reinforced Concrete Buildings.

J. Ferry Barges
Artur Ravara

Pre-fabricated

Factors to b e Considered in Calculating


the Input Earthquake Force to Buildings.

K. Matsushita
M . Izumi
Kuang-Jui Hsu
I. Sakamoto

Comments on the New Chilean Seismic Code


for Buildings.

A . Arias
R. Husid
J. M o n g e

Criteria for Earthquake Resistance Codes


b a s e d on Energy Concept Draft Design
Code.

Cismigiu. A l .
Titaru. Em.
Velkov. M .

Large Size Structures Testing Laboratory


and Lateral Loading Test of a Five Storeyed
Full Size Building Structure.

Toshihiko Hisada
representing Joint
Committee on Housing
Structures.

Earthquake Simulation by Shake Table.

Enzo Lauletta
Aldo Castoldi

Design and Research Potential of Two


Earthquake Simulator Facilities.

J.B. Bouwkamp
R.W. Clough
J. Penzien
D . Rea

Selection of Design Earthquakes for Nuclear


Power Plants.

Joseph A . Fischer
William J. Murphy

Hydrodynamic Pressures on A r c h Dams During


Earthquakes.

Bhaskar Nath
B.Tech. P h . D .

Dynamic Stresses of Underground Pipe Lines


During Earthquakes.

Akio Sakurai
Tadashi Takahashi

Studies on the Earthquake Resistant Design


of Suspension Bridge Tower and Pier System.

Ichiro Konishi
Yoshikazu Yamada

Some Long Span Construction in Earthquake


Regions and Choice of the Structure on the
Basis of Wave Dynamic Theory.

V . A . Bykhovsky
F.V. Bobrov
E . S . Medvedeva

The Effect of Seismic A c t i o n on the Dynamic


Behaviour of Elevated Water T a n k s .

Mihail Ifrim
Christian Bratu

Earthquake Engineering Research in the United


States.

N . Norby Nielsen
William H. Walker

Study of Earthquake Resistance of Boilers


and Recommendations for their Design.

Pavlyk. V . S .

University of Chile-University of California


Program in Earthquake Engineering.

Martin Duke
Augusto Leon R.

Dynamics of Extended-in-Plan Structures


Strong Earthquakes.

M . F . Barstein

A Probabilistic Model for Seismic Force D e s i g n .

Jack R. Benjamin

S. Moran Garcia

The University of Illinois


Simulator.

M . A . Sozen
S. Otani
P. Gulkan
N . N . Nielsen

in

Earthquake Response Analysis and Aseismic


Design of Cylindrical T a n k s .

Earthquake

The Problems of the Reliability a n d Optimality


of the Earthquake Proof Structures.

I.I.
N.A.
J.N.
A.M.

Goldenblat
Nicolaenko
Elsenberg
Zharov

SESSION

6.

SESSION
AUTHOR(S)

Seismic Behaviour and Design of Small


Buildings in Chile.

Joaquin Monge

Strengthening of Brick Buildings


Seismic Zones.

Jao Krishna
Brijesh Chandra

in

Seismic Classification System for Old


Buildings in New Zealand.

CM.

Repairs on Power House and Boilers


Support
Structure Damaged by 1965 Earthquake.
Ventanas 115 MW Steam Electric Station (Chile)

Santiago Arias
Victor Arze
Jaime Bauza

On One Method of Increasing the Seismic


Stability of Brick Buildings.

A . I . Churayan
Sh.A. Djabua

Restoration of Stone Buildings


Earthquake

Ras skazovsky V . T .
Abdurashidov K . S .

after

Strachan

Earthquake Engineering as an Aid to Insurability.

Frank Alberti

Seismic Failure and Repair of an Elevated


Water Tank.

Elias Arze

2.

TITLE

AUTHOR(S)

Observation of Damages of Industrial


Firms in Niigata Earthquake.

Heki Shibata
Sumiji Fujii etc.

Macroseismic Observations From Some


Recent Earthquakes.

N . N . Ambraseys

Structural Engineering Aspects of the


1967 Adapazari Turkey Earthquake.

Rifat Yarar
Semih S. Tezcan

The Koyna, India, Earthquake.

G.V. Berg
Y . C . Das
K.V.G.K. Gokhale
A . V . Setlur

Lessons From Some Recent


in Latin America.

Luis Esteva
Octavio A . Rascon
A l b e r t o Gutierrez

Earthquakes

The Caracas Earthquake of July 29, 1 9 6 7 .

Venezuelean
Official Seismic
Commission

The July 29, 1967 Venezuela Earthquake


Lessons for the Structural Engineer.

Henry J. Degenkolb
Robert D . Hanson

Behaviour of Tall Buildings During


Caracas Earthquake of 1 9 6 7 .

J. Ferry Borges
J. Grases
A . Ravera

the

SPECIAL PAPERS
Damage Mechanisms and Design
from C a r a c a s .
This Session was devoted to the special papers prepared
by:

RODRIGO FLORES
KIYOSHI MUTO
HENRY J.

DEGENKOLB

Lessons

R . I . Skinner

Implications on Seismic Structural


Design of the .Evaluation of Damage to
the Sheraton-Macuto.

M . A . Sozen
N.M. Newmark
G.W. Housner

Caracas, Venezuela Earthquake of


July 29, 1 9 6 7 .

Diego Ferrer F.
Lloyd S. Cluff