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Overview of Structural Health

Monitoring Process

Dr. K. Gopikrishna
Assistant Professor,
Department of Civil Engineering,
NIT Warangal.

CE 5265 Overview of SHM for Civil Engg Applications .SHM Process K.Gopikrishna.

tunnels. CE 5265 Overview of SHM for Civil Engg Applications .Goal Learning about In-service condition of structure using techniques.Gopikrishna. 1. highways and railways. SHM is applicable to all types of Civil Engineering structures including bridges. K. buildings. pipes. Ongoing or repeated assessment of the response– by embeding or attached to the structure during monitoring period. devices and systems that are traditionally designated as NDT and NDE tools. 2. • NDT /NDE normally referes to onetime assessment of condition of materials in the structure using equipment external to the structure. SHM referes to activities focussed on assessing the condition of the structure or its key components based on response to various types of loads.

Typical Flow pattern between the components Conversion of Data into Structural response .

• 1. 4.Categories of SHM SHM can be classified in to one of the four categories & Sub categories. 2.Gopikrishna. Static Field testing Dynamic Field Testing Periodic Monitoring and Continuous Monitoring K. CE 5265 Overview of SHM for Civil Engg Applications .distinguished by the type of test • In terms of how data is collected physically • Timescales over which data is obtained. 3.

Gopikrishna.K. CE 5265 Overview of SHM for Civil Engg Applications .

Gopikrishna. CE 5265 Overview of SHM for Civil Engg Applications .K.

location and sevearity of damage. Basic level of SHM. CE 5265 Overview of SH for Civil Engg Applications More Sophisticated.Classification of SHM-level of sophistication and types of information K. & also cannot assess Safety . detailed info. can be used to evaluate safety of system– Complex and costly class Detect Pinpoint Damage and provide some indication of severity Slightly sophisticated.Gopikrishna.capable of detecting the damage but cannot provide any info regarding nature .

experimental analysis is carried out. Improved understanding of In-situ behaviour ◦ Information used in the codes of practice result from research programmes conducted at Sophisticated Structural Engg Laboratories around the world. ◦ This is the criticall info for future practice of structural Engineering.Gopikrishna.  Early damage detection ◦ Prevents the structure from having to sustain the loads for extended periods of time in damaged state. ◦ Allows repair to be made at the onset of damage which can drastically reduce repair costs an dprevent future deterioration [Pines et al.2002] K. ◦ Generally small scale specimens are used which are representative of only small portion sof the structure subjected to Idealized loads. CE 5265 Overview of SHM for Civil Engg Applications . ◦ Difficult to model the actual behaviour of fullscale structures insitu. ◦ Inservice Monitoring provides wealth of information on really how the structure behaves when subjected to structural and environmental loads.Advantages/benefits for CE Systems    Decreased ongoing inspection and maintenance costs Increased safety and improved understanding of behaviour and durability of monitored structure.

CE 5265 Overview of SHM for Civil Engg Applications . economic growth. ◦ Incase of structure nearing its life time.  Improved Maintenance and Management strategies for better allocation of resources. Assurances on structures Strength and serviceability ◦ Important for Long span bridges. ◦ Decision makers can formulate better strategies to effectively deal with Infrastructure deterioration . ◦ Reduce the requirement of field inspection and enable dev of infrastructure condition databases which be automatically updated. inconvenience costs and Energy costs. ◦ Include costs to society due to loss of productivity.SHM may permit it s continued use for a time by providing confidence of its performance.major cost needs to to be condidered in assessing whole life cost effectiveness of infrastructure system. where visual inspection are inadequate for determining bridges safety.Gopikrishna. K. ◦ These costs must be considered during rehabilitation and upgrading schemes where early damage detection and improved understanding of structural behavior result in reducing down time for structures which require repair/strengthening. ◦ SHM can be used where data is needed to provide confidence in a new buildingmaterial or in an innovative construction technique.  Reduction in Down time ◦ During structural repair or upgrade works.

What is Monitored.Gopikrishna. CE 5265 Overview of SHM for Civil Engg Applications .Next Lecture Background of Structural Dynamics necessary for Diagnostics – Prerequisite for the course. How & Why K.