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Intro

Accumulator Sizing
40 Gallons Usable Fluid
V1

Fluid level
@ 300 psi

V2
V3

Usable
Fluid
40 gallons

Fluid level
@1200 psi
12.8 gallons
Fluid level
@1000 psi

3000 psi system
Instructions
In the following spreadsheets cells with BLUE numbers require input, cells with YELLOW background
and RED numbers are calculated values.
Discussion
The purpose of the accumulator system is to provide closing energy to all members of the blowout
preventer stack. This is usually done with a hydraulic system designed and built to provide closing
power to the equipment in 5 seconds or less to maintain the required pressures as desired.
Usable fluid volume is defined as the volume of fluid recoverable from an accumulator between the
accumulator operating pressure and 200 psi above the precharge pressure. The accumulator
operating pressure is the pressure to which accumulators are charged with hydraulic fluid, usually 3000 psi.
In order to calculate usable fluid volumes within accumulators, the ideal gas law formula P 1V1 = P2V2 is applied.
For example: Assume the total gas volume of the accumulator bottle is 10 gallons. If the bottle is precharged
to 1000 psi what is the usable fluid volume the accumulator bottle will deliver betwen the operating pressures
of 3000 psi and 1200 psi.
Solution: Since the gas law formula requires absolute pressures, we must add atmospheric pressure
P3 = 1000 psig + 15 psi (atmospheric)
V3 = 10 gal. (gas volume of Koomey 11 gallon nominal accumulator)
P1 = 3000 psig (system working pressure) + 15 psi (atmospheric)
At a pressure of 3000 psig the gas volume = V 2
V1 = P3 * V3 / P1 = 1015 (10) / 3015 = 3.366 gallons (gas)
At a pressure of 1200 psig the gas volume = V 2
V2 = P1 * V1 / P2 = 3015 (3.366) / 1215 = 8.352 gallons (gas)

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the usable fluid volume (per bottle) is = (8. The precharge pressure must be increased to compensate for cold water.Intro Therefore. Subsea Stacks For sizing subsea mounted accumulator bottles.352 .3. The temperature compensated precharge pressure is calculated from the follwing equation: Temperature compensated Pprech = Original Pprech * (460 + surface Temp oF) / (460 + seabed Temp oF) Page 2 .986 or  5 gallons if operating between 3000 psig and 1200 psig. the addtional precharge pressure required to offset the hydrostatic head of the seawater column and the effect of subsea temperature should be considered.366) = 4.

usually 3000 psi. bottle is precharged operating pressures eric pressure Page 3 .Intro Fluid level @ 300 psi Fluid level @1200 psi Fluid level @1000 psi background . P 1V1 = P2V2 is applied.

Intro be considered. re compensated ed Temp oF) Page 4 .

1) ( 1 .977 gallons .1015 Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle = 1.( Pprech / Pwork)} Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = ( 11 -1) { ( Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle = 1015 ) .633 gallons = Available control fluid volume to close against full wellbore pressure Pmin = Stack Working Pressure (psia) Minimum Ram Preventer closing Ratio = 5000 4.0 / 3015 ) = 6.1) {( Pprech / Pmin) .11 = 1217 psia Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = (Volacc .Pprech / ( 11 Pwork) -1) ( 1 .977 gallons 3015 4.63 6.S c h lu m b e r g e r S e d c o F o re x Surface BOP Control System Calculation Sheet for Control Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements Control Fluid Requirements Type Size Close (gal) Annular Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #2 Ram Preventer #3 Ram Preventer #4 Ram Preventer #5 Choke Line HCR Valve Other Total Closing Ratio 0 Available control fluid volume to close against zero wellbore pressure Nominal system Working Pressure (Pwork) 3015 psia (usually 3015 psi) Nominal precharge Pressure (Pprech) 1015 psia (usually 1015 psi) Nominal accumulator bottle volume (Volacc) 11 gallons each 1 Number of accumulator bottles Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = (Volacc .( 1217 1 * 1015 ) = 4.98 = 4.63 gallons * 6.

445 * Dw / Pwork + .S c h lu m b e rg e r S e d c o F o re x Subsea BOP Control System Calculation Sheet for Control Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements Control Fluid Requirements Type Size Close (gal) Open (gal) Closing Ratio Annular Preventer #1 (Note the opening and closing volumes of one annular only are required for this calculation.76 = 148 Stack Working Pressure (psia) Minimum Ram Preventer closing Ratio = 5700 4.445 * Dw } Pwork + .75 = 1200 psi Available accumulator fluid (Pwork to Pprech) = Pmin is the greater of: or: Pmin = 36 -1) ( 1 - Nosubsea * Fluid/bottle = Pmin = Pressure to hold c/k valve open at stack working pressure Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = (Volacc .445 * Dw )} Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = ( 5465 / 9450 ) = ### 10 * 14.1) { Pprech + .(Pprech + .445 * Dw Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = ( 36 Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = Available accumulator fluid (Pwork to Pmin) = -1) { 5465 5650 = 1200 Pprech + .445 * Dw - Pmin + .) Ram Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #2 Ram Preventer #3 Ram Preventer #4 Ram Preventer #5 Other Total 0 0 Available control fluid volume from subsea accumulators Water depth at which control system will operate (D w) 10000 feet 70 degrees 32 degrees Surface Temperature ( ° F) Temperature at Seabed ( ° F) Nominal system Working Pressure (Pwork) 5000 psia (usually 3015 psi) Nominal precharge Pressure (Pprech) 1015 psia (usually 1015 psi) Nominal surface accumulator bottle volume (Volacc) 36 gallons each Number of subsea accumulator bottles (No subsea) 10 Actual surface precharge pressure required to compensate 1093 psia for temperature (Pprech) Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = (Volacc .1) { 1 .61 = 136 .445 * Dw - 5465 9450 } 13.61 gallons Nosubsea * Fluid/bottle = 10 * 13.

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Control System Calculation Sheet d Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements gallons gallons psia gallons .