Respondent Lourdes G. Suntay and one Clarita R.

Sison
entered into a transaction wherein the Suntay’s three-carat
diamond ring, valued at P5,500.00, was delivered to Sison
for sale on commission. Upon receiving the ring, Sison
executed and delivered to the receipt to Suntay. After the
lapse of a considerable time without Clarita R. Sison having
returned to the ring to her, Suntay made demands on Clarita
R. Sison for the return of said jewelry. Clarita R. Sison,
however, could not comply with Suntay’s demands because
on June 15, 1962, Melia Sison, niece of the husband of
Clarita R. Sison, evidently in connivance with the latter,
pledged the ring with the petitioner Dominador Dizon's
pawnshop for P2,600.00 without Suntay’s knowledge. When
Suntay found out that Clarita R. Sison pledged the ring, she
filed a case of estafa against the latter with the fiscal's
office. Subsequently, Suntay wrote a letter to Dizon on
September 22, 1962 asking for the return of her ring which
was pledged with the latter’s pawnshop under its Pawnshop
Receipt serial B No. 65606, dated June 15, 1962.
Dizon refused to return the ring, so Suntay filed an action
for its recovery with the CFI of Manila, which declared that
she had the right to its possession. The Court of Appeals
likewise affirmed said decision.
ISSUE:
Who has the right title over the subject property?
COURT RULING:
The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the lower
courts. The controlling provision is Article 559 of the Civil
Code which provides that “[T]he possession of movable
property acquired in good faith is equivalent to a title.
Nevertheless, one who has lost any movable or has been
unlawfully deprived thereof may recover it from the person
in possession of the same. If the possessor of a movable lost
of which the owner has been unlawfully deprived, has
acquired it in good faith at a public sale, the owner cannot
obtain its return without reimbursing the price paid

Sison.” The only exception the law allows is when there is acquisition in good faith of the possessor at a public sale. who was illegally deprived of said jewels and who. In the present case not only has the ownership and the origin of the jewels misappropriated been unquestionably proven but also that Clarita R.therefor. it is not to be lost sight of that it thrives on taking advantage of the necessities precisely of that element of our population whose lives are blighted by extreme poverty. as the owner. which in this case is Dizon’s pawnshop. From whatever angle the question is viewed then. Dizon ought to have been on his guard before accepting the pledge in question. acting fraudulently and in bad faith. in which case the owner cannot obtain its return without. Dizon insisted that the principle of estoppel should apply in this case but the Supreme Court ruled otherwise. and to the prejudice of Suntay. Hanging on to said exception as his basis. has an absolute right to recover the jewels from the possession of whosoever holds them. estoppel certainly cannot be justly invoked. but evidently there was no such precaution availed of and he has no one to blame but himself. disposed of them and pledged them contrary to agreement with no right of ownership. reimbursing the price. . While the activity he is engaged in is no doubt legal.