Man's first gods were the forces of nature.

Terrifying and unpredictable, they were feared rather than revered by our ancestors. Yet while much of the world was in darkness, worshipping cruel incarnations of natural forces, a river valley in Africa

held a people who followed a different path. They worshipped gods that were beautiful to behold, luminous beings that walked the earth, guiding the human race to Paradise. They had human forms but were much more powerful; yet like humans, they got angry, despaired, fought with one another, had children, and fell in love. They lived lives that were very much like those of the people who worshipped them, the ancient Egyptians. They were gods to be feared yes, as all gods are, but they were also gods to be loved. What's more, the Egyptians enjoyed talking about the gods. Like the gods of the Greeks and Romans, the Egyptian gods seemed to be made for storytelling. There were tales to educate, tales to entertain, and tales with morals, and in those stories, the gods didn't seem so far away and unreachable. It was comforting to hear that the gods also wept for those they had lost, to hear about the gods laughing, to learn that the gods faced many of the same problems that the people did, albeit on a grander scale. In learning about the gods on such an intimate level, the Egyptians could better relate to the universe around them. The ancient Egyptians practiced a belief system that was part totemism, part polytheism, and part ancestor worship. There were numerous gods, but rather than living on an isolated mountain or in an unreachable heaven, many of them lived invisibly in the mortal world, acting through sacred sites, items, animals, or even chosen people. Furthermore, the spirits of the deceased, if remembered and honored, could aid and guide the living from the Afterlife. Here we will explore the religion of the ancient Egyptians, how it evolved, how it affected their lives and their development as a civilization. But most importantly, we will try to understand a people through what they believed and in doing so, give them that which they sought most: immortality. See our Complete Section on the Ancient Egyptian Religion The Gods • • • • • Aken Ferryman of the Underworld Ακερ Guardian and Gatekeeper of the Underworld Αµ−Ηεη - Devourer of Millions Αµεντ Greeter of the Dead Αµµιτ Devourer of the Wicked

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Αµυν ανδ Αµυν−Ρε The King of the Gods Ανατ Mother of Gods Ανδϕετψ A precursor of Osiris Ανθετ The Embracer, Goddess of Fertility and the Nile at Aswan Ανυβισ God of Embalming Ανυκε Goddess of War Ανυκετ Goddess of the Nile Απεπ The Great Destroyer Αρενσνυπηισ Anthropomorphic Nubian Deity Ασ Kindly God of the Desert Ασταρτε, Warrior Goddess of Canaan Ατεν The Sun Disk and later God Ατυµ The All-Father Αυφ (Εφυ Ρα) An aspect of the sun god Ra Βααλ, God of Thunder Βα−Πεφ - The Soul Βαβι - The Dominant Male Baboon God Βανεβδϕετετ God of Lower Egypt Βαστ Beautiful Cat-Goddess Βατ - Ancient Cow Goddess Βενυ (Βεννυ) - The Bird of Creation Βεσ Protector of Childbirth ∆εδωεν - Nubian God of Resources ∆ενωεν - The Fiery Serpent Τηε Εννεαδ The Nine Great Osirian Gods

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Φετκετ - The Sun God's Butler Γεβ God of the Earth Γενγεν Ωερ - The Great Honker Ηαπι God of the Nile River Ηατηορ Goddess of Music and Dance Ηατµεηψτ - The Fish Goddess Ηαυρυν, The Victorious Herdsman Ηεη ανδ Ηαυηετ Deities of Infinity and Eternity Ηεθετ Frog Goddess Ηερετ−Καυ - She who is Above the Spirits Ηερψσηεφ, Ruler of the Riverbanks Ηεσετ Goddess of Plenty Ηετεπεσ−Σεκηυσ - An Eye of Re Ηικε God of Magic and Medicine Ηορυσ King of the Gods on Earth Ηυ God of the Spoken Word Ιαβετ, Cleanser of Re, Personification of the East Ιηψ - The Child God Ιµηοτεπ Lord of Science and Thought Ιπψ (Οπετ), A Mother of Osiris Ισισ Queen of the Gods Ιυσαασ - Creator Goddess Καβεχηετ Helper of Anubis Κεκ ανδ Καυκετ, Deities of Darkness, Obscurity and Night Κηενµυ The Great Potter

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Κηερτψ - Ram-headed God Κεπηρι The Great Scarab Κηονσυ God of the Moon Μαατ Lady of Truth and Order Μαφδετ Goddess of Scorpions and Snakes Μαηαφ - The Ferryman Μαηεσ The Lord of the Massacre Μαλε Χηιλδ Γοδσ οφ Εγψπτ Μανδυλισ - The Lower Nubian Sun God Μεηεν Defender of the Sun Boat Μεηετ−Ωερετ - Cow Goddess of the Sky Μενηιτ Lion-headed War Goddess Μερτσεγερ Guardian of the Valley of the Kings Μεσκηενετ - Goddess of Childbrith Μιηοσ - Son of Bastet Μιν God of Fertility Μοντυ, Warrior and Solar God Μυτ Grandmother of the Gods Νεφερτεµ Lord of the Sunrise Νεηεβκαυ, the God who Joined the Ka to the Body Νεκηβετ Goddess of the Power of Kings Νειτη Goddess of War and Funerals Νεπητηψσ Lady of the Wings Νυν ανδ Ναυνετ Gods of Chaos and Water Νυτ Goddess of the Firmament

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Τηε Ογδοαδ The Primordial Creation Gods Ονυρισ The War God Οσιρισ Lord of the Dead Πακηετ The Strength of Woman Πανεβταωψ - The Child God Πετεεσε ανδ Πιηορ - Brother Gods Πταη The Creator Θαδεση - Goddess of Esctasy and Sexual Pleasure Ρε (Ρα) The Sun God Ρενενυτετ Goddess of the Harvest Ρεσηεπ - The Syrian War God Σαη ανδ Σοπδετ (Σοτηισ) The Astral God and Goddess Σατετ Goddess of the Inundation Σατισ Guardian of the Borders Σεβιυµεκερ - Meroitic God of Procreation Σεφκηετ−Αβωψ - Goddess of Writing and Temple Libraries Σεκερ The Resurrected Osiris Σεκηµετ The Eye of Ra Σεπα - Centipede God Σεραπισ the Composit God Σερθετ (Σελκισ) Scorpion Goddess Σεσηατ Goddess of writing, measurements Σετ God of Evil Σηαψ - Personified Destiny Σηεσµετετ - Leonine Goddess

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Σηεσµυ Demon god of the Win Press Σηυ God of the Air and Sky Σια - The Perceptive Mind Σοβεκ Guard of the Gods Σονσ οφ Ηορυσ Gods of the Viscera and the Canopic Jars Σοπεδυ - The Border Patrol God Τα−Βιτϕετ - A Wife of Horus Τασενετνοφρετ - The Good Sister Ταωερετ Goddess Demoness of Birth Ταψετ - Goddess of Weaving Τεφνυτ Goddess of Moisture Τατενεν - "Father of Gods" and the God of the Rising Earth Τηοτη God of Wisdom Ωαδϕ Ωερ - The Pregnant God Ωαδϕετ The Serpent Goddess Ωενεγ - Ancient Son of Re Ωεπωαωετ (Υπυαυτ) The Opener of the Ways Ωοσρετ - Goddess of Thebes Ψαη - Another Moon God Ψαµµ - God of the Sea

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