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Chapter 21 The Statement of Cash Flows Revisited

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exams that become the basis for assessment. To aid faculty in this endeavor, we have labeled each
question, exercise, and problem in Intermediate Accounting, 7e, with the following AACSB learning
skills:
Questions

AACSB Tags

Exercises (cont.)

AACSB Tags

211
212
213
214
215
216
217
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2113
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2122

Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Analytic
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Diversity, Reflective thinking
Diversity, Reflective thinking

214
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2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
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2117
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Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
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Analytic

Analytic
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Analytic
Analytic
Analytic

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Analytic
Analytic
Communications
Communications
Analytic
Analytic

Brief
Exercises
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
2110
2111
2112

Exercises
211
212
213

Reflective thinking
Analytic
Analytic

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

CPA/CMA
1
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9

Reflective thinking
Analytic
Analytic
Reflective thinking
Reflective thinking
Analytic
Diversity, Reflective thinking
Diversity, Reflective thinking
Diversity, Analytic

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211

CPA/CMA
(cont.)

AACSB Tags

1
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Reflective thinking
Analytic
Analytic

Problems

AACSB Tags

211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
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2120
2121

Reflective thinking
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic
Analytic

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW OF KEY TOPICS


Question 211
Every cash flow eventually affects the balance of one or more accounts in the balance sheet, and
the cash flows related to income-producing activities also are represented in the income statement.
The activities, though, are not necessarily reported in the balance sheet and income statement in the
period the cash flows occur. This is because the income statement measures activities on an accrual
basis rather than a cash basis. The statement of cash flows fills the information gap by reporting the
cash flows directly and in the period the cash flows occur.

Question 212
The informational value of the presentation is enhanced if the cash flows are classified according
to the nature of the activities that create the cash flows. The three primary classifications of cash
flows are (1) cash flows from operating activities, (2) cash flows from investing activities, and (3)
cash flows from financing activities. Categorizing each cash flow by source (operating, investing, or
financing activities) is more informative than simply listing the various cash flows.

Question 213
No, an investment in Treasury bills need not always be classified as a cash equivalent. A
guidelinenot a rulefor cash equivalents is that these investments must have a maturity date not
longer than three months from the date of purchase. However, flexibility is permitted and each
company must establish a policy regarding which short-term, highly liquid investments it classifies
as cash equivalents. The designation must be consistent with the company's customary motivation
for acquiring various investments and the policy should be described in disclosure notes.

Question 214
Transactions that involve merely transfers from cash to cash equivalents such as the purchase of
a three-month Treasury bill, or from cash equivalents to cash such as the sale of a Treasury bill,
should not be reported on the statement of cash flows. A dollar amount is simply transferred from
one cash account to another cash account so that the total of cash and cash equivalents is not
altered by such transactions. An exception is the sale of a cash equivalent at a gain or loss. In this
case, the total of cash and cash equivalents actually increases or decreases. The increase or decrease
is reported as a cash flow from operating activities.

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Answers to Questions (continued)


Question 215
"Cash flows from operating activities" are both inflows and outflows of cash that result from the
same activities that are reported on the income statement. However, the income statement reports
the activities on an accrual basis (revenues earned during the reporting period, regardless of when
cash is received, and the expenses incurred in generating those revenues, regardless of when cash is
paid). Cash flows from operating activities, on the other hand, report those activities when the cash
is exchanged (on a cash basis).

Question 216
The generalization that "cash flows from operating activities" report all the elements of the
income statement on a cash basis is not strictly true for all elements of the income statement. No
cash effects are reported for depreciation and amortization of assets, or for gains and losses from the
sale of those assets. Cash outflows occur when assets are acquired, and cash inflows occur when the
assets are sold. However, the acquisition and subsequent resale of noncurrent assets are classified as
investing activities, rather than as operating activities.

Question 217
"Cash flows from investing activities" are both outflows and inflows of cash due to the
acquisition and disposition of assets. This classification includes cash payments to acquire (1)
property, plant, and equipment and other productive assets; (2) investments in securities; and (3)
nontrade receivables. When these assets later are liquidated, any cash receipts from their disposition
also are classified as investing activities. The four specific examples can come from any
combination of these categories.
Two exceptions are inventories and cash equivalents. The purchase and sale of inventories are
not considered investing activities because inventories are purchased for the purpose of being sold as
part of the firm's primary operations and are classified as operating activities. The purchase and sale
of assets classified as cash equivalents are not reported on the statement of cash flows unless the
total of cash and cash equivalents changes from the sale of a cash equivalent at a gain or loss.

Question 218
The payment of cash dividends to shareholders is classified as a financing activity, but paying
interest to creditors is classified as an operating activity. This is because "cash flows from operating
activities" should reflect the cash effects of items that enter into the determination of net income.
Interest expense is a determinant of net income. A dividend, on the other hand, is a distribution of
net income and not an expense.

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Answers to Questions (continued)


Question 219
A statement of cash flows reports transactions that cause an increase or a decrease in cash.
However, some transactions that do not increase or decrease cash, but which result in significant
investing and financing activities, must be reported in related disclosures. Entering a significant
investing activity and a significant financing activity as two parts of a single transaction does not
limit the value of reporting these activities. Examples of noncash transactions that would be
reported:
1. Acquiring an asset by incurring a debt payable to the seller.
2. Acquiring an asset by entering into a lease agreement.
3. Converting debt into common stock or other equity securities.
4. Exchanging noncash assets or liabilities for other noncash assets or liabilities.

Question 2110
The acquisition of a building purchased by issuing a mortgage note payable in addition to a cash
down payment is an example of a transaction involving a significant investing and financing activity
that is part cash and part noncash. The cash portion would be reported under the caption "cash flows
from investing activities," and the noncash portion of the transaction would be reported as a
"noncash investing and financing activity."

Question 2111
Perhaps the most noteworthy item reported on an income statement is net incomethe amount
by which revenues exceed expenses. The most noteworthy item reported on a statement of cash
flows is not the amount of net cash flows. In fact, this may be the least important number on the
statement. The increase or decrease in cash can be seen easily on comparative balance sheets. The
purpose of the statement of cash flows is not to report that cash increased or decreased by a certain
amount, but why cash increased or decreased by that amount. The individual cash inflows and
outflows provide that information.

Question 2112
The spreadsheet entries shown in the two "changes" columns, which separate the beginning and
ending balances, explain the increase or decrease in each account balance. Spreadsheet entries
duplicate the actual journal entries used to record the transactions as they occurred during the year.
Recording spreadsheet entries simultaneously identifies and classifies the activities to be reported on
the statement of cash flows because in order for cash to increase or decrease, there must be a
corresponding change in a noncash account. Thus, if we can identify the events and transactions that
caused the change in each noncash account during the period, we will have identified all the
operating, investing, and financing activities.

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Answers to Questions (continued)


Question 2113
If sales revenue is $200,000, this does not necessarily mean that $200,000 cash was received
from customers. Amounts reported on the income statement usually do not represent the cash
effects of the items reported. By referring to the beginning and ending balances in accounts
receivable, we see whether cash received from customers was more or less than $200,000. If
accounts receivable increased during the year, some of the sales revenue earned must not yet have
been collected. On the other hand, if accounts receivable decreased during the year, more must have
been collected than the sales revenue earned.

Question 2114
When an asset is sold at a gain, the gain is not reported as a cash inflow from operating
activities. A gain (or loss) is simply the difference between cash received in the sale of an asset and
the book value of the assetnot a cash flow. The cash effect of the sale is reported as an investing
activity. To report the gain as a cash flow from operating activities, in addition to reporting the
entire cash flow from investing activities, would be to report the gain twice.

Question 2115
Whether or not a loss is extraordinary, it is not reported on the statement of cash flows, but the
cash inflow from the sale is reported as an investing activity. However, the spreadsheet entry would
be affected if the loss is extraordinary. The income tax effect of an extraordinary item is not
reflected in income tax expense, but instead is separately reported as a reduction in the extraordinary
item. For example, if a loss on the sale of an asset was due to an extraordinary event, the tax savings
from that loss would be reported as a reduction in the extraordinary loss rather than as a reduction in
income tax expense. This must be considered when determining the cash paid for income taxes.

Question 2116
When determining the amount of cash paid for income taxes, an increase in the deferred income
tax liability account would indicate that less cash had been paid than the income tax expense
reported. The difference represents the portion of the income tax expense whose payment is
deferred to a later year. Notice that precisely the same analysis would apply for an increase in
current income tax payable.

Question 2117
When using the indirect method of determining net cash flows from operating activities, the net
cash increase or decrease from operating activities is derived indirectly by starting with reported net
income and "working backwards" to convert that amount to a cash basis. Amounts that were
subtracted in determining net income, but which did not reduce cash, are added back to net income
to reverse the effect of the amounts having been subtracted. Warranty expense is one example. As
we learned in Chapter 13, warranty expense is estimated based on what is expected to be paid in the
future, but does not reduce cash currently. Other examples of noncash reductions of net income that
must be added back are depreciation expense, amortization of other intangibles, depletion, and a loss
on the sale of assets.

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Answers to Questions (concluded)


Question 2118
When using the indirect method of determining net cash flows from operating activities, when
components of net income increase or decrease cash, but by an amount different from that reported
on the income statement, net income is adjusted for changes in the balances of related balance sheet
accounts to convert the effects of those items to a cash basis. For components of net income that
increase or decrease cash by an amount exactly the same as that reported on the income statement,
no adjustment of net income is required.

Question 2119
Either the direct method or the indirect method is permitted, but the FASB strongly encourages
companies to report "cash flows from operating activities" by the direct method. The direct method
reports specific operating cash receipts and operating cash payments, consistent with the primary
objective of the statement of cash flows. This allows investors and creditors to gain additional
insight into the specific sources of cash receipts and payments from operating activities. Users also
can more easily interpret and understand the information presented because the direct method avoids
the confusion caused by reporting noncash items and other reconciling adjustments under the
caption "cash flows from operating activities.

Question 2120
The direct and indirect methods are alternative approaches to deriving net cash flows from
operating activities only. Regardless of which method is used for that purpose, the way cash flows
from investing and financing activities are presented is precisely the same.

Question 2121
We can find authoritative guidance for the statement of cash flows under IFRS in Cash Flow
Statements, International Accounting Standard No. 7, IASB.

Question 2122
U.S GAAP designates cash outflows for interest payments and cash inflows from interest and
dividends received as operating cash flows. Dividends paid to shareholders are classified as
financing cash flows. IFRS permits more flexibility. Companies can report interest and dividends
paid as either operating or financing cash flows and interest and dividends received as either
operating or investing cash flows. Interest and dividend payments typically are reported as
financing activities. Interest and dividends received usually are classified as investing activities.

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BRIEF EXERCISES
Brief Exercise 211
Summary Entry
Cash (received from customers)
Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

($ in millions)

38
5
33

Brief Exercise 212


Summary Entry
Cash (received from customers)
Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

($ in millions)

40
4
44

Brief Exercise 213


Summary Entry
Cost of goods sold
Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

($ in millions)

25
6
5
26

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Brief Exercise 214


Summary Entry

($ in millions)

Salaries expense
Salaries payable
Cash (paid to employees)

17
3
14

Brief Exercise 215


($ in millions)

Interest expense (10% x 1/2 x $380)


Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid to bondholders) (9% x 1/2 x $400)

19
1
18

Agee would report the cash inflow of $380 million from the sale of the bonds as a
cash inflow from financing activities in its statement of cash flows.
The $18 million cash interest paid is cash outflow from operating activities because
interest is an income statement (operating) item.

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Brief Exercise 216


($ in millions)

Interest expense (10% x 1/2 x $380)


Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid to bondholders) (9% x 1/2 x $400)

19
1
18

Agee would report the cash inflow of $380 million from the sale of the bonds as a
cash inflow from financing activities in its statement of cash flows.
The $1 million amortization of the discount would be added back to net income as a
noncash adjustment because the interest expense ($19 million) was subtracted in
calculating net income and yet the cash interest paid was only $18 million.

Brief Exercise 217


Merit would report the cash inflow of $41 million from the borrowing as a cash inflow
from financing activities in its statement of cash flows.
Each installment payment includes both an amount that represents interest and an
amount that represents a reduction of principal. In its statement of cash flows, then,
Merit reports the interest portion ($2,870,000*) as a cash outflow from operating
activities and the principal portion ($7,130,000*) as a cash outflow from financing
activities.

*December 31, 2013


Interest expense (7% x outstanding balance) ...
Note payable (difference) ............................
Cash (given) ..........................................

2,870,000
7,130,000
10,000,000

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Brief Exercise 218


($ in millions)

Cash .........................................................
Gain on sale of land (difference) ............
Land (cost)............................................

35
13
22

Morgan would report the cash inflow of $35 million from the sale as a cash inflow
from investing activities in its statement of cash flows.
The $13 million gain is not a cash flow and would not be reported when using the
direct method. For that reason, when using the indirect method, the gain would be
subtracted from net income (which includes the gain) to avoid double-counting it.

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Brief Exercise 219


Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Proceeds from sale of marketable securities
Proceeds from sale of land

$30
15

Purchase of equipment for cash

(25)

Purchase of patent

(12)

Net cash inflows from investing activities

$8

Brief Exercise 2110


Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Sale of common shares

$40

Purchase of treasury stock

(21)

Net cash inflows from financing activities

$19

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Brief Exercise 2111


Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Loss on sale of equipment
Increase in accounts receivable
Increase in accounts payable
Increase in inventory
Net cash flows from
operating activities

$90
3
2
(1)
4
(3)
$95

Brief Exercise 2112


Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Amortization expense
Gain on sale of equipment
Decrease in accounts receivable
Decrease in accounts payable
Decrease in inventory
Net cash flows from
operating activities

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$60
2
(1)
2
(5)
4
$62

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EXERCISES
Exercise 211
Example

F
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F
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F
O
F
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I
F
I
O
F
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F
O
F
I

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Sale of common stock


Sale of land
Purchase of treasury stock
Merchandise sales
Issuance of a long-term note payable
Purchase of merchandise
Repayment of note payable
Employee salaries
Sale of equipment at a gain
Issuance of bonds
Acquisition of bonds of another corporation
Payment of semiannual interest on bonds payable
Payment of a cash dividend
Purchase of building
Collection of nontrade note receivable (principal amount)
Loan to another firm
Retirement of common stock
Income taxes
Issuance of a short-term note payable
Sale of a copyright

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 212
Requirement 1
($ in millions)

Inventory
________________________________________
Beginning balance 90
Goods purchased 303 300 Cost of goods sold
Ending balance

93

Accounts Payable
________________________________________
14 Beginning balance
Cash paid
301 303 Goods purchased
16

Ending balance

Requirement 2
Summary Entry
Cost of goods sold
Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

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($ in millions)

300
3
2
301

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Exercise 213
($ in millions)
Situation

Sales
revenue

Accounts
receivable

Cash received
from
customers

increase
(decrease)

1
1.

Summary Entry

2
2.

100

Summary Entry

3
3.

100

100

Summary Entry

-0-

100

Cash (received from customers)


Sales revenue

100
100

95

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

(5)

95
5
100

105

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

105
5
100

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 214
Situation

Sales
revenue

Accounts
receivable

Cash received
from
customers

increase
(decrease)

1
1.

Summary Entry

2
2.

-0-

10

10

200

190
10
200

190

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

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200

190

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

200

Summary Entry

200

Cash (received from customers)


Sales revenue

200

Summary Entry

3
3.

200

210
10
200

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Exercise 215

1.

Situation

Cost of
goods sold

100

2.

3.

4.

5.

Summary Entry

100

100

(3)

100

100
103
100
3
103

97
100
3
97

Cost of goods sold


Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)
100

100

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Summary Entry

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Summary Entry

Cash paid to
suppliers

100

Summary Entry

Accounts
payable
increase (decrease)

Cost of goods sold


Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Summary Entry

Inventory
increase (decrease)

93
100
7
93

(7)

Cost of goods sold


Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

107
100
7
107

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 215 (concluded)

6.

Situation

Cost of
goods sold

100

7.

8.

Summary Entry

Cash paid to
suppliers

96

100

(3)

(3)

110
100
3
7
110
104
100
7
3
104

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

7
96

(7)

Cost of goods sold


Accounts payable
Inventory
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)
100

100
3

(7)

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Summary Entry

9
9.

100

Summary Entry

Accounts
payable
increase (decrease)

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Summary Entry

Inventory
increase (decrease)

90
100
3
7
90

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Exercise 216

1.

Situation

Cost of
goods sold

200

2.

3.

5.

Summary Entry

200

200

200

(6)

200
206
200
6
206

14

186
200
14
186

14

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)
200

200

Cost of goods sold


Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Summary Entry

Cash paid to
suppliers

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Summary Entry

4
4.

200

Summary Entry

Accounts
payable
increase
(decrease)

Cost of goods sold


Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

Summary Entry

Inventory
increase
(decrease)

192
200
6
14
192

(14)

Cost of goods sold


Accounts payable
Inventory
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

208
200
14
6
208

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 217

1.

Situation

Bond
interest
expense

10

2.

3.

Summary Entry

Cash paid
for interest

10

10
10

Bond interest expense


Bond interest payable
Cash (paid to bondholders)

10

(2)

10

2
8

12
10
2
12

(3)

Bond interest expense


Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid to bondholders)

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8
10

Bond interest expense


Bond interest payable
Cash (paid to bondholders)

Summary Entry

4
4.

10

Summary Entry

Unamortized
discount
increase
(decrease)

Bond interest expense


Cash (paid to bondholders)

Summary Entry

Bond interest
payable
increase
(decrease)

7
10
3
7

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Exercise 217 (concluded)

5.

Situation

Bond
interest
expense

10

6.

Summary Entry

Unamortized
discount
increase
(decrease)

Cash paid
for interest

(3)

Bond interest expense


Bond interest payable
Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid to bondholders)

Summary Entry

Bond interest
payable
increase
(decrease)

10

(2)

10
2
3
5

(3)

Bond interest expense


Bond interest payable
Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid to bondholders)

9
10
2
3
9

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 218

1.

Situation

Bond
interest
expense

20

2.

3.

Summary Entry

Cash paid
for interest

20

20
20

Bond interest expense


Bond interest payable
Cash (paid to bondholders)

20

20

(4)

4
16

(6)

14
20
6
14

(6)

Bond interest expense


Bond interest payable
Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid to bondholders)

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16
20

Bond interest expense


Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid to bondholders)

Summary Entry

4
4.

20

Summary Entry

Unamortized
discount
increase
(decrease)

Bond interest expense


Cash (paid to bondholders)

Summary Entry

Bond interest
payable
increase
(decrease)

18
20
4
6
18

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Exercise 219

1.

Situation

Income
tax
expense

10

2.

3.

5.

Summary Entry

10

(3)

10

10
10
10
7
10
3
7

13
10
3
13

Income tax expense


Deferred income tax liability
Cash (paid for income taxes)
10

Cash paid
for taxes

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

Summary Entry

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

Summary Entry

4
4.

10

Summary Entry

Deferred
tax
liability
increase
(decrease)

Income tax expense


Cash (paid for income taxes)

Summary Entry

Income tax
payable
increase
(decrease)

8
10
2
8

(2)

Income tax expense


Deferred income tax liability
Cash (paid for income taxes)

12
10
2
12

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2124

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 219 (concluded)

6.

Situation

Income
tax
expense

10

7.

8.

Summary Entry

10

(3)

(3)

10
3
2
5

9
10
2
3
9

15
10
3
2
15

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Deferred income tax liability
Cash (paid for income taxes)

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

(2)

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Deferred income tax liability
Cash (paid for income taxes)

10

Cash paid
for taxes

(2)

Income tax expense


Deferred income tax liability
Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

Summary Entry

9
9.

10

Summary Entry

Deferred
tax
liability
increase
(decrease)

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Deferred income tax liability
Cash (paid for income taxes)

Summary Entry

Income tax
payable
increase
(decrease)

11
10
3
2
11

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2125

Exercise 2110

1.

Situation

Income
tax
expense

10

2.

3.

4.

5.

Summary Entry

10

10

10

(3)

10
7
10
3
7

(2)

12
10
2
12

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Deferred income tax liability
Cash (paid for income taxes)
10

10

Income tax expense


Deferred income tax liability
Cash (paid for income taxes)

Summary Entry

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

Summary Entry

Cash paid
for taxes

10

Summary Entry

Deferred
tax
liability
increase (decrease)

Income tax expense


Cash (paid for income taxes)

Summary Entry

Income tax
payable
increase (decrease)

5
10
3
2
5

(2)

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Deferred income tax liability
Cash (paid for income taxes)

15
10
3
2
15

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2126

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2111
Most would report the cash inflow of $566,589,440 from the sale of the bonds as a
cash inflow from financing activities in its statement of cash flows.
*

**

The $64,000,000 cash interest paid ($32,000,000 + 32,000,000 ) is a cash outflow


from operating activities because interest is an income statement (operating) item. If
the direct method is used, interest paid is reported in the operating activities section.
If the indirect method is used, interest paid must be separately disclosed. Therefore,
interest paid is specifically reported regardless of which method is used for the
operating activities section.

June 30, 2013*


Interest expense (6% x $566,589,440) ...................
Discount on bonds payable (difference) .........
Cash (5% x $640,000,000) ................................

33,995,366
1,995,366
32,000,000

December 31, 2013**


Interest expense (6% x [$566,589,440 + 1,995,366])34,115,088
Discount on bonds payable (difference) .........
Cash (5% x $640,000,000) ................................

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

2,115,088
32,000,000

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2127

Exercise 2112
National would report the cash inflow of $4 million from the borrowing as a cash
inflow from financing activities in its statement of cash flows.
Each installment payment includes both an amount that represents interest and an
amount that represents a reduction of principal. In its statement of cash flows, then,
National reports the interest portion ($400,000*) as a cash outflow from operating
activities and the principal portion ($861,881*) as a cash outflow from financing
activities.

*December 31, 2013


Interest expense (10% x outstanding balance)
Note payable (difference) ...........................
Cash (given) .........................................

400,000
861,881
1,261,881

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2128

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2113
Requirement 1
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Proceeds from sale of land

$ 12

Purchase of Microsoft common stock

(160)

Net cash outflows from investing activities

$(148)

Requirement 2
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Payment for the early extinguishment of
long-term bonds (carrying amount: $97 million)
Proceeds from the sale of treasury stock (cost: $17 million)
Distribution of cash dividends declared in 2012
Net cash outflows from financing activities

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$(102)
22
(40)
$(120)

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2129

Exercise 2114
Requirement 1
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Proceeds from sale of equipment

$ 8

Acquisition of building for cash

(7)

Purchase of marketable securities (not a cash equivalent)

(5)

Collection of note receivable with interest (principal amount)

11

Net cash inflows from investing activities

$ 7

Requirement 2
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Payment for the early extinguishment of
long-term notes (book value: $50 million)
Sale of common shares
Retirement of common shares
Issuance of short-term note payable for cash
Distribution of cash dividends declared in 2012
Net cash outflows from financing activities

$ (54)
176
(122)
10
(30)
$ (20)

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2130

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2115
Note: This solution assumes Wilson uses current GAAP prior to applying the
proposed Accounting Standards Update for lease accounting described in
the Chapter 14 Supplement. It is followed by a solution that assumes
Wilson uses the new ASU.
Wilson would report the $3,000,000* investment in the commercial food
processor and its financing with a capital lease as a significant noncash
investing and financing activity in the disclosure notes to the financial
statements.
*

**

The $391,548 ($195,774 + 195,774 ) cash lease payments are divided into the
interest portion and the principal portion. The interest portion, $84,127, is
reported as cash outflows from operating activities. The principal portion,
$195,774 + 111,647, is reported as cash outflows from financing activities.
Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
Wilson would add back to net income the $150,000 depreciation expense
since it didnt actually reduce cash. The $84,127 interest expense that
reduced net income actually did reduce cash [the interest portion of the
$391,548 ($195,774 x 2) cash lease payments], so for it, no adjustment to
net income is necessary.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2131

Exercise 2115 (continued)


Calculations:
September 30, 2013*
Leased equipment (calculated below) .....................
Lease payable (calculated below) .......................
Lease payable .....................................................
Cash (rental payment) .......................................

3,000,000
3,000,000
195,774
195,774

Note:
$195,774 x 15.3238t = $3,000,000
t

Present value of an annuity due of $1: n = 20, i = 3% (from Table 6)

December 31, 2013**


Interest expense (3% x [$3 million 195,774]) ...........
Lease payable (difference) .......................................
Cash (lease payment) ..........................................

84,127
111,647

Depreciation expense ($3 million 5 years x year) .


Accumulated depreciation...............................

150,000

195,774

150,000

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2132

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2115 (continued)


Note: This solution assumes Wilson uses the proposed Accounting Standards
Update for lease accounting described in the Chapter 14 Supplement.
When a lessee acquires a right-of-use asset and related liability, there is no
inflow or outflow of cash. However, because a primary purpose of the
statement of cash flows is to report significant operating, investing, and
financing activities, the initial transaction is reported in the disclosure notes as a
noncash transaction (investing in the right-of-use asset and financing it with
debt).
*

**

The $391,548 ($195,774 + 195,774 ) cash lease payments are divided into the
interest portion and the principal portion. The interest portion, $84,127, is
reported as cash outflows from operating activities. The principal portion,
$195,774 + 111,647, is reported as cash outflows from financing activities.
Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
Wilson would add back to net income the $150,000 amortization expense
since it didnt actually reduce cash. The $84,127 interest expense that
reduced net income actually did reduce cash [the interest portion of the
$391,548 ($195,774 x 2) cash lease payments], so for it, no adjustment to
net income is necessary.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2133

Exercise 2118 (concluded)


Calculations:
September 30, 2013*
Right-of-use equipment (calculated below) ............
Lease payable (calculated below) .......................
Lease payable .....................................................
Cash (rental payment) .......................................

3,000,000
3,000,000
195,774
195,774

Note:
$195,774 x 15.3238t = $3,000,000
t

Present value of an annuity due of $1: n = 20, i = 3% (from Table 6)

December 31, 2013**


Interest expense (3% x [$3 million 195,774]) ...........
Lease payable (difference) .......................................
Cash (lease payment) ..........................................

84,127
111,647

Amortization expense ($3 million 5 years x year)


Right-of-use equipment ..................................

150,000

195,774

150,000

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2134

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2116
Investing Activities:
Beilich would report the $600 million investment as a cash outflow among investing
activities in its statement of cash flows.
Operating Activities:
By the direct method of reporting cash flows from operating activities, Beilich would
report the $12 million cash dividend as a cash inflow from operating activities.
By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities, Beilich
would subtract from net income the $60 million investment revenue since it didnt
actually provide cash but would add the $12 million cash dividend. Alternatively, the
company might just subtract the $48 million difference.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2135

Exercise 2117
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME TO
NET CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income
$50,000
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
7,000
Amortization of patent
500
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in inventory
(1,500)
Decrease in salaries payable
(800)
Decrease in accounts receivable
2,000
Decrease in bond premium
(1,000)
Increase in accounts payable
4,000
Net cash flows from operating activities $60,200

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2136

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2118
($ in millions)

Net income closed to retained earnings


Income summary .....................................................................................
Retained earnings (given) ................................................

75
75

The operating activities summarized by this transaction are identified


individually when we explain the changes in the components of net income.
But including the entry on the spreadsheet is helpful in partially explaining
the change in retained earnings.
Cash dividend
Retained earnings (given) ....................................................
Cash ............................................................................................................

25
25

This transaction identifies a $25 million cash outflow from financing


activities.
Stock dividend
Retained earnings (given) ....................................................
Common stock (1 million shares at $1 par per share) ..................
Paid-in capitalexcess of par (remainder) ........................

16
1
15

This transaction does not represent a significant investing or financing


activity, but including the entry on the spreadsheet is helpful in partially
explaining changes in the balances of the three accounts affected.
Property dividend
Retained earnings (given) ....................................................
Short-term investments ...................................................................

12
12

This noncash transaction identifies both a $12 million financing activity


(distribution of a dividend to shareholders) and a $12 million investing
activity (disposition of an investment). Both are reported on the statement of
cash flows.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2137

Exercise 2118 (concluded)


Sale of treasury shares
Cash (difference)* ..................................................................
Retained earnings (given).....................................................
Treasury stock (at cost, given) .............................................

43
10
53

*This transaction identifies a $43 million cash inflow from financing activities.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2138

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2119
Income Statement
Sales
Cost of goods sold
Salaries expense
Depreciation expense
Insurance expense
Loss on sale of land
Income tax expense
Net Income
a Summary Entry

b Summary Entry

c Summary Entry

d Summary Entry

e Summary Entry

$600a
360b
78c
18f
42d
12f
54e

(564)
$ 36

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

612

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

360
24
36

12
600

420

Salaries expense
Salaries payable
Cash (paid to employees)

78

Insurance expense
Prepaid insurance
Cash (paid for insurance)

42

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

54

12
66

18
24

12
42

Depreciation expense and the loss on sale of land are noncash reductions in
income.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2139

Exercise 2120
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME TO
NET CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Depletion expense
Gain on sale of equipment
Loss on sale of land

$ 26
11
5
(25)
8

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:


Increase in accounts receivable

(54)

Increase (decrease) in inventory

Increase in accounts payable

13

Increase in salaries payable

Decrease in prepaid insurance

Decrease in bond discount

Increase in income tax payable


Net cash flows from operating activities

12
$ 7

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2140

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2121
Requirement 1:
a. Summary Entry

b. Summary Entry

c. Summary Entry

d. Summary Entry

e. Summary Entry

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

311

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

185
13
8

6
305

206

Salaries expense
Salaries payable
Cash (paid to employees)

41

Insurance expense
Prepaid insurance
Cash (paid for insurance)

19

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

22

5
36

9
10

20
2

Depreciation expense and the loss on sale of land are not cash outflows.
Requirement 2:
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Cash received from customers
$311
Cash paid to suppliers
(206)
Cash paid to employees
(36)
Cash paid for insurance
(10)
Cash paid for income taxes
(2)
Net cash flows from
operating activities
$ 57

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2141

Exercise 2122
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME TO
NET CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net loss
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Amortization of patent
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in salaries payable
Decrease in accounts receivable
Increase in inventory
Decrease in discount on bonds
Net cash flows from operating activities

$ (5,000)
6,000
300
500
2,000
(2,300)
200
$1,700

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2142

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2123
Direct Method
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Cash received from customers
Cash paid to suppliers
Cash paid to employees
Cash paid for interest
Cash paid for income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$672
(234)
(116)
(15)
(81)
$226

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2143

Exercise 2124
Indirect Method
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Patent amortization expense
Loss on sale of investment
Extraordinary loss (earthquake damage)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Decrease in accounts receivable
Decrease in inventory
Increase in accounts payable
Decrease in salaries payable
Increase in interest payable
Increase in income tax payable
Net cash flows from operating activities

$ 86
90
5
3
10
12
10
6
(6)
5
5
$226

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2144

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2125
Direct Method
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
$1,332 a
(484)b
(226)c
(35)d
(187)e
$ 400

Cash received from customers


Cash paid to suppliers
Cash paid to employees
Cash paid for interest
Cash paid for income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities
Calculations using spreadsheet entries:
a. Summary Entry

b. Summary Entry

c. Summary Entry

d. Summary Entry

e. Summary Entry

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

1,332
12
1,320

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

500

Salaries expense
Salaries payable
Cash (paid to employees)

220
6

10
6
484

226

Interest expense
Interest payable
Cash (paid for interest)

40
5
35

Income tax expense


Tax on extraordinary gain
Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

182
10
5
187

Depreciation expense, patent amortization, the loss on sale of cash equivalents, and
the extraordinary gain on sale of subsidiary are not cash flows.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2145

Exercise 2126
Indirect Method
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Patent amortization expense
Loss on sale of investment
Extraordinary gain (sale of subsidiary)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Decrease in accounts receivable
Decrease in inventory
Increase in accounts payable
Decrease in salaries payable
Increase in interest payable
Increase in income tax payable
Net cash flows from operating activities

$192
180
10
6
(20)
12
10
6
(6)
5
5
$400

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2146

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2127
RED, INC.
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Prepaid insurance
Inventory
Buildings and equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Accrued expenses payable
Notes payable
Bonds payable
Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Retained earnings
Income Statement
Revenues:
Sales revenue
Expenses:
Cost of goods sold
Depreciation expense
Operating expenses
Net income

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

110
132
3
175
350
(240)
530
100
11
0
0
400
19
530

Changes
Debits

(1)
(4)
(2)
(6)
(7)

(2)
(4)

46
4
110
230
171

(11)

86

(7)

180
50

(3)

13
5
(8)
(10)

(9)

(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

50

1,400
50
447
103

50
160

24
178
7
285
400
(119)
775
87
6
50
160

(5)

103

400
72
775

(1)

2,000

2,000
1,400
50
447
103

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2147

Exercise 2127 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
For operating expenses
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Purchase of equipment
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Issuance of note payable
Payment of cash dividends
Issuance of bonds payable
Net cash flows
Net decrease in cash
Totals

Changes
Debits

(1)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

1,954
(2)
(4)

1,523
456
(25)

(6)
(7)

230

9
(221)

(8)

50
(9)

(10)
(11)

50

160
160
(86)

86
4,888

4,888

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2148

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2127 (concluded)


RED, INC.
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
For operating expenses
Net cash flows from operating activities
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of equipment
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities
Cash flows from financing activities:
Issuance of note payable
Issuance of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities
Net decrease in cash
Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$1,954
(1,523)
(456)
$(25)
(230)
9
(221)
50
160
(50)
160
(86)
110
$ 24

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2149

Exercise 2128
$ in millions

Pension expense (given)


Plan assets (expected return)
PBO ($112 service cost + $51 interest cost)
Net lossOCI (given)
Prior service costAOCI (given)
Plan assets
GainOCI (given)
Plan assets ($1,080 900 90 9)
Cash (paid to the pension trustee)

82
90
163
1
8
9
9
81
81

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2150

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2129
Requirement 1
The specific citation that specifies the guidelines for cash equivalents is FASB ACS
3051020: Cash and Cash EquivalentsOverallGlossary. Several other
Codification citations include links to this Glossary item and would be acceptable
citations for this Requirement.
Requirement 2
Specifically, the guidelines are:
Cash Equivalents
Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that have both of the
following characteristics:
a. Readily convertible to known amounts of cash.
b. So near their maturity that they present insignificant risk of changes in value
because of changes in interest rates.
Generally, only investments with original maturities of three months or less qualify
under that definition. Original maturity means original maturity to the entity holding
the investment. For example, both a three-month U.S. Treasury bill and a three-year
Treasury note purchased three months from maturity qualify as cash equivalents.
However, a Treasury note purchased three years ago does not become a cash
equivalent when its remaining maturity is three months. Examples of items commonly
considered to be cash equivalents are Treasury bills, commercial paper, money market
funds, and federal funds sold (for an entity with banking operations).

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2151

Exercise 2130
The FASB Accounting Standards Codification represents the single source of
authoritative U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The specific citation for
each of the following items is:
1. Disclosure of interest and income taxes paid if the indirect method is used:
FASB ACS 23010502: Statement of Cash FlowsOverallDisclosure
Interest and Income Taxes Paid.
2. Primary objectives of a statement of cash flows:
FASB ACS 23010101: Statement of Cash FlowsOverallObjectives.
3. Disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:
FASB ACS 23010503: Statement of Cash FlowsOverallDisclosure
Noncash Investing and Financing Activities.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2152

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2131
RED, INC.
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Prepaid insurance
Inventory
Buildings and equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Accrued expenses payable
Notes payable
Bonds payable
Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Retained earnings

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

110
132
3
175
350
(240)
530
100
11
0
0
400
19
530

Changes
Debits

(3)
(4)
(5)
(8)
(9)

(6)
(7)

46
4
110
230
171

(13)

86

(9)

180
50

(2)

13
5
(10)
(11)

(12)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

50

(1)

50
160

103

24
178
7
285
400
(119)
775
87
6
50
160
400
72
775

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2153

Exercise 2131 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Increase in accounts receivable
Increase in prepaid insurance
Increase in inventory
Decrease in accounts payable
Decrease in accrued expenses
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Purchase of equipment
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Issuance of note payable
Issuance of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows
Net decrease in cash
Totals

Changes
Debits

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

(1)

103

(2)

50
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)

46
4
110
13
5
(25)

(8)
(9)

230

9
(221)

(10)
(11)

50
160
(12)

(13)

50
160
(86)

86
1,087

1,087

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2154

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2131 (concluded)


RED, INC.
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in accounts receivable
Increase in prepaid insurance
Increase in inventory
Decrease in accounts payable
Decrease in accrued expenses payable
Net cash flows from operating activities

$ 103
50
(46)
(4)
(110)
(13)
(5)
$ (25)

Cash flows from investing activities:


Purchase of equipment
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

(230)
9

Cash flows from financing activities:


Issuance of note payable
Issuance of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities

50
160
(50)

Net decrease in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

(221)

160
(86)
110
$ 24

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2155

Exercise 2132
BALANCE SHEET ACCOUNTS
Cash (Statement of Cash Flows)
______________________________________________________
86
Operating Activities:
From customers

(1)

1,954

1,523
456

(2)
(4)

To suppliers
For expenses

230

(6)

Purchase of equipment

50

(9)

Payment of dividends

Investing Activities:
Sale of equipment

(7)

Financing Activities:
Issuance of notes
Issuance of bonds

(8)

50
160

(10)

Accounts Receivable
______________________
46
________
(1)
46

Prepaid Insurance
______________________
4
________
(4)
4

Inventory
______________________
110
________
(2) 110

Buildings and Equipment


______________________
50
________
(6) 230 180
(7)

Accumulated Depreciation
______________________
121
________
(7) 171
50
(3)

Accounts Payable
______________________
13
________
(2)
13

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2156

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Exercise 2132 (continued)


Accrued Expenses Payable
______________________
5
________
(4)
5

Notes Payable
______________________
50
________
50
(8)

Bonds Payable
______________________
160
________
160 (10)

Retained Earnings
______________________
53
________
(9)
50 103
(5)

INCOME STATEMENT ACCOUNTS


Sales
______________________
2,000
________
2,000

(1)

Depreciation Expense
______________________
50
________
(3)
50

Cost of Goods Sold


______________________
1,400
________
(2) 1,400
Operating Expenses
______________________
447
________
(4) 447

Net Income (Income Summary)


______________________
103
________
(5) 103

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2157

Exercise 2132 (concluded)


RED, INC.
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
For operating expenses
Net cash flows from operating activities

$1,954
(1,523)
(456)
$(25)

Cash flows from investing activities:


Purchase of equipment
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

(230)
9

Cash flows from financing activities:


Issuance of note payable
Issuance of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities

50
160
(50)

Net decrease in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

(221)

160
(86)
110
$ 24

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2158

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

CPA / CMA REVIEW QUESTIONS


CPA Exam Questions
1. b. The two gains are not cash flows. Proceeds from the sale of equipment are
reported as a component of investing activities.
2. b. $24 226 + 30 = $220
3. b. $200,000 40,000 + 30,000 + 100,000 + 52,000 74,000 = $268,000
4. a. Dividends paid to stockholders are considered cash flows relating to
financing activities. However, U.S. GAAP requires interest paid to
bondholders to be considered an operating activity.
5. d. Dividends paid is not a component of cash flow from investing; it is a
component of cash flow from financing. The other items are all components
of cash flow from investing.
6. a. Cash flows from operations using the indirect method are computed by
taking net income plus noncash expenses (e.g., depreciation) less gains from
the equipment sale. Note that cash flow from operations must be adjusted
downward for the amount of the gain on the sale of the equipment. Cash
flow from operations is ($850,000 + 200,000 ($100,000 50,000)) =
$1,000,000. Note that interest and income taxes paid are expenses shown on
the income statement and will already be factored into net income. The other
information relates to financial and investing cash flows.
7. c. IFRS allows companies to report cash outflows for interest and dividends as
either operating or financing cash flows.
8. b. U.S. GAAP requires that interest received and interest payments be reported
as operating cash flows.
9. a. $70 80 + 38 20 = $8.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2159

CMA Exam Questions


1. d. A statement of cash flows should report as operating activities all
transactions and other events not classified as investing or financing
activities. In general, the cash flows from transactions and other events that
enter into the determination of income are to be classified as operating
activities. Distributions to owners (cash dividends on a companys own
stock) are cash flows from financing, not operating, activities.

2. a. Investing activities include the lending of money and the collecting of those
loans, and the acquisition, sale, or other disposal of securities that are not
cash equivalents and of productive assets that are expected to generate
revenue over a long period of time. Investing activities include the purchase
of machinery and the sale of a building. The net inflow from these activities
is $700,000 ($1,200,000 500,000). Financing activities include the
issuance of preferred stock and the payment of dividends. The net inflow is
$3,600,000 ($4,000,000 400,000). The conversion of bonds into common
stock and the stock dividend do not affect cash.

3. c. Net operating cash flow may be determined by adjusting net income.


Depreciation is an expense not directly affecting cash flows that should be
added back to net income. The increase in accounts payable is added to net
income because it indicates that an expense has been recorded but not paid.
The gain on the sale of land is an inflow from an investing, not an operating,
activity and should be subtracted from net income. The dividends paid on
preferred stock are cash outflows from financing, not operating, activities
and do not require an adjustment. Thus, net cash flow from operations is
$4,600,000 ($3,000,000 + 1,500,000 200,000 + 300,000).

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2160

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

PROBLEMS
Problem 211
Classifications
+I
I
+F
F
N
X
Transactions
Example
+I
+F
F
N
N
+I
I
N
+I
+F
X
N
F
+F
+F
I
F
X
+I
N
I
N
X
F
I
X
X

Investing activity (cash inflow)


Investing activity (cash outflow
Financing activity (cash inflow)
Financing activity (cash outflow)
Noncash investing and financing activity
Not reported as an investing and/or a financing activity
1. Sale of land.
2. Issuance of common stock for cash.
3. Purchase of treasury stock.
4. Conversion of bonds payable to common stock.
5. Lease of equipment.
6. Sale of patent.
7. Acquisition of building for cash.
8. Issuance of common stock for land.
9. Collection of note receivable (principal amount).
10. Issuance of bonds.
11. Issuance of stock dividend.
12. Payment of property dividend.
13. Payment of cash dividends.
14. Issuance of short-term note payable for cash.
15. Issuance of long-term note payable for cash.
16. Purchase of marketable securities (available for sale).
17. Payment of note payable.
18. Cash payment for 5-year insurance policy.
19. Sale of equipment.
20. Issuance of note payable for equipment.
21. Acquisition of common stock of another corporation.
22. Repayment of long-term debt by issuing common stock.
23. Payment of semiannual interest on bonds payable.
24. Retirement of preferred stock.
25. Loan to another firm.
26. Sale of inventory to customers.
27. Purchase of marketable securities (cash equivalents).

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2161

Problem 212
WRIGHT COMPANY
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Short-term investment
Inventory
Land
Buildings and equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Salaries payable
Interest payable
Income tax payable
Notes payable
Bonds payable
Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Paid-in capital-ex. of par
Retained earnings
Statement of Income
Revenues:
Sales revenue
Expenses:
Cost of goods sold
Salaries expense
Depreciation expense
Interest expense
Loss on sale of land
Income tax expense
Net income

Changes
Debits

30
75
15
70
60
400
(75)
575

(15)

35
5
3
12
30
100

(2)

200
100
90
575

(9)
(2)
(10)

(3)
(7)
(11)

12
(1)

(6)

10

(4)

40

25
5
150

7
3

(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)

130
45
40
12
3
70
80

28
2
5
9
0
160

(12)

60

(13)
(8)

50
26
80

250
126
135
715

(1)

380

380

3
30

35

42
73
40
75
50
550
(115)
715

(5)

(13)
(14)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

(130)
(45)
(40)
(12)
(3)
(70)
80

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2162

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 212 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Sale of land
Purchase of ST investment
Purchase of equipment
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Repayment of notes payable
Sale of bonds payable
Sale of common stock
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows

Changes
Debits

(1)

382
(2)
(3)
(5)
(7)

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

142
48
10
73
109

(6)

7
(9)
(10)

25
150
(168)

(12)
(13)

(11)

30

(14)

35

60
76
71

Net increase in cash


Totals

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

(15)
1,175

12

12

1,175

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2163

Problem 212 (concluded)


WRIGHT COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 (in $000)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities

$382
(142)
(48)
(10)
(73)
$109

Cash flows from investing activities:


Sale of land
Purchase of short-term investment
Purchase of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

7
(25)
(150)

Cash flows from financing activities:


Repayment of notes payable
Sale of bonds payable
Sale of common stock
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities

(30)
60
76
(35)

Net increase in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

(168)

71
12
30
$ 42

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2164

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 213
NATIONAL INTERCABLE COMPANY
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Prepaid insurance
Inventory
Long-term investment
Land
Buildings and equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Trademark
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Salaries payable
Deferred tax liability
Lease liability
Bonds payable
Less: Discount
Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Paid-in capitalex of par
Preferred stock
Retained earnings

Changes
Debits

55
164
12
165
90
150
270
(75)
25
856

(18)

45
8
15
0
275
(25)

(4)

290
85
0
163
856

(1)
(4)
(2)
(13)
(11)

17
9
5
6
80
15

(8)

(3)

30

(11)

60
25
1

(6)
(7)

(5)

15
5
X (13)

3
80

(9)

(15)

20
10
50
25

(10)
(14)

130

(15)
(16)
(17)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

30

(12)

72
173
7
170
66
150
290
(85)
24
867
30
3
18
80
145
(22)
310
95
50
158
867

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2165

Problem 213 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Income
Revenues:
Sales revenue
Investment revenue
Gain on sale of investments
Expenses:
Cost of goods sold
Salaries expense
Depreciation expense
Trademark amortization
Insurance expense
Bond interest expense
Income tax expense
Extraordinary loss (tornado)
Less: Tax savings
Net income

Changes
Debits

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)

320
15
5

125
55
25
1
20
30
38
42
(10)

(12)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

25

21

320
15
5
(125)
(55)
(25)
(1)
(20)
(30)
(38)
(42)
21
25

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2166

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 213 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
From investment revenue
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For insurance
For bond interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Sale of long-term investment
Sale of building parts
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Retirement of bonds payable
Sale of common stock
Sale of preferred stock
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows

Changes
Debits

(1)
(2)

311
9
(4)
(5)
(8)
(9)
(10)

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

145
60
15
27
14
59

(3)
(11)

35
3
38

(15)
(16)

(14)

130

(17)

30

30
50
(80)

Net increase in cash


Totals

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

____

17
____

1,111

1,111

(18)

17

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2167

Problem 213 (concluded)


NATIONAL INTERCABLE COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
From investment revenue
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For insurance expense
For bond interest expense
For income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities

$311
9
(145)
(60)
(15)
(27)
(14)
$ 59

Cash flows from investing activities:


Sale of building parts
Sale of long-term investment
Net cash flows from investing activities

3
35

Cash flows from financing activities:


Retirement of bonds payable
Sale of common stock
Sale of preferred stock
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities

(130)
30
50
(30)

Net increase in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

38

(80)
17
55
$ 72

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Acquired $80 million of equipment by 7-year lease.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2168

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 214
DUX COMPANY
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Dividends receivable
Inventory
Long-term investment
Land
Buildings and equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Salaries payable
Interest payable
Income tax payable
Notes payable
Bonds payable
Less: Discount on bonds
Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Paid-in capitalex. of par
Retained earnings

Changes
Debits

20
47
2
50
10
40
250
(50)
369

(17)

20
5
2
8
0
70
(3)

(3)

200
20
47

(2)
(3)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(7)

(4)
(8)

0
369

1
5
5
30
15
30

(1)

(7)

40
5

X
(5)

7
3
(6)

X (11)

30
25
1

(6)

(16)

14
13
8

33
44
3
55
15
70
225
(25)
420
13
2
4
7
30
95
(2)

(14)

10
4

210
24

(9)

25

45
(8)
420

(14)

(15)

Less: Treasury stock

13

(13)

(14)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2169

Problem 214 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows (continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Income
Revenues:
Sales revenue
Dividend revenue
Expenses:
Cost of goods sold
Salaries expense
Depreciation expense
Interest expense
Loss on sale of building
Income tax expense
Net income
Statement of Cash Flows
Operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
From dividends received
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Sale of building
Purchase of LT investment
Purchase of equipment
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Sale of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows
Net increase in cash
Totals

Changes
Debits

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)

(1)
(2)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

200
3

120
25
5
8
3
17
25

200
3
(120)
(25)
(5)
(8)
(3)
(17)
25

203
2
(3)
(4)
(6)
(8)

132
28
5
18
22

(7)

7
(10)
(12)

5
15
(13)

(13)

25
(15)
(16)
(17)
585

13
8
13

4
13

585

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2170

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 214 (concluded)


DUX COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in 000s)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
From dividends received
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities

$203
2
(132)
(28)
(5)
(18)
$22

Cash flows from investing activities:


Sale of building
Purchase of long-term investment
Purchase of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

7
(5)
(15)

Cash flows from financing activities:


Sale of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows from financing activities

25
(13)
(8)

(13)

Net increase in cash

13

Cash balance, January 1


Cash balance, December 31

20
$33

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Acquired $30,000 of land by issuing a 13%, 7-year note.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$30

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2171

Problem 215
METAGROBOLIZE INDUSTRIES
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Inventory
Land
Building
Less: Acc. depreciation
Equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Patent

375
450
525
600
900
(270)
2,250
(480)
1,500
5,850

Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Accrued expenses
Lease liabilityland

Changes
Debits

(14)
(1)
(4)
(2)

(11)
(7)

225
150
375
150
900
270

Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
3,000
Paid-in capitalex. of par
675
Retained earnings
1,500

(3)

75

(5)

30
300
315
300

(7)
(6)
(8)

450
225
0

(4)
(9)
X (2)

(12)
(12)
(12)
(13)

225
450

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

(10)

300
75
150

750
300
150

150
75
975

3,150
750
1,800
6,900

5,850
Income Statement
Revenues:
Sales revenue
Gain on sale of land
Expenses:
Cost of goods sold
Depreciation expensebuild.
Depreciation expenseequip.
Loss on sale of equipment
Amortization of patent
Operating expenses
Net income

(1) 2,645
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)

600
30
315
15
300
500
975

600
600
900
675
900
(300)
2,850
(525)
1,200
6,900

90

2,645
90
(600)
(30)
(315)
(15)
(300)
(500)
975

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2172

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 215 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
For operating expenses
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Purchase of equipment
Sale of land
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows

Changes
Debits

Dec. 31
2013

(1) 2,495
(4)
(9)

675
425
1,395

(11)
(3)
(7)

900

165
15
(720)

Financing activities:
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows
Net increase in cash
Totals

Credits

(13)
(14)
8,155

450
225

(450)
225

8,155

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2173

Problem 215 (concluded)


METAGROBOLIZE INDUSTRIES
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in 000)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
For operating expenses
Net cash flows from operating activities

$2,495
(675)
(425)
$1,395

Cash flows from investing activities:


Purchase of equipment
Sale of land
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

(900)
165
15

Cash flows from financing activities:


Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities

(450)

Net increase in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

(720)

(450)
225
375
$ 600

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Land acquired by lease

$150

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2174

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 216
Requirement 1
a. Summary Entry

b.

c.

d.

e.

f.

Summary Entry

Summary Entry

Summary Entry

Summary Entry

Summary Entry

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

155
5
150

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

90
6

Salaries expense
Salaries payable
Cash (paid to employees)

20

9
87

3
17

Interest expense
Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid for interest)

Insurance expense
Prepaid insurance
Cash (paid for insurance )

12

Income tax expense


Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

13

3
3

2
10

6
7

Depreciation expense, bad debt expense, the gain on sale of equipment, and the loss
on sale of land are not cash outflows.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2175

Problem 216 (concluded)


Requirement 2
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Cash received from customers
Cash paid to suppliers
Cash paid to employees
Cash paid for interest
Cash paid for insurance
Cash paid for income taxes

$155
(87)
(17)
(3)
(10)
(7)

Net cash flows from


operating activities

$ 31

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2176

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 217
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Cash received from customers
Cash increase from sale of cash equivalents
Cash paid to suppliers
Cash paid to employees
Cash paid for interest
Cash paid for insurance
Cash paid for income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities
a.

Summary Entry

$316a
2b
(114)c
(34)d
(11)e
(16)f
(52)g
$ 91

Cash (received from customers)


Accounts receivable
Sales revenue

316
6
310

b.
The gain on sale of cash equivalents indicates that total cash increased as a result of
converting cash in one form (say a $10 million treasury bill) to cash in another form
(checking account)*:
Summary Entry
Cash [checking account]
12
Gain on sale of cash equivalents
2
Cash [treasury bill]
10
[*Any other example you think of that involves a gain on sale of cash equivalents would work as well.]

c.

d.

e.

Summary Entry

Summary Entry

Summary Entry

Cost of goods sold


Inventory
Accounts payable
Cash (paid to suppliers of goods)

120
12
18
114

Salaries expense
Salaries payable
Cash (paid to employees)

40

Interest expense
Discount on bonds payable
Cash (paid for interest)

12

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

6
34

1
11

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2177

Problem 217 (concluded)


f.

g.

Summary Entry

Summary Entry

Insurance expense
Prepaid insurance
Cash (paid for insurance )

20

Income tax expense [on ordinary income]


Income tax expense on extraordinary gain
Income tax payable
Cash (paid for income taxes)

50
12

4
16

10
52

Depreciation expense, patent amortization expense, and the loss on sale of land are
neither cash inflows nor outflows.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2178

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 218
Direct Method
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Cash received from customers
Cash paid to suppliers
Cash paid to employees
Cash paid for insurance
Cash paid for interest
Cash paid for income taxes

$692
(103)
(111)
(18)
(40)
(70)

Net cash flows from


operating activities

$350

Indirect Method
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Gain on sale of buildings
Loss on sale of machinery
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in accounts receivable
Decrease in inventory
Increase in accounts payable
Increase in salaries payable
Decrease in prepaid insurance
Decrease in bond discount
Increase in deferred income tax liability
Net cash flows from operating activities

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$ 88
123
(11)
12
(108)
104
93
9
22
10
8
$350

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2179

Problem 219
Direct Method
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Cash received from customers
Cash paid to suppliers
Cash paid to employees
Cash paid for interest
Cash paid for income taxes
Gain on sale of cash equivalents
Net cash flows from operating activities

$926
(384)
(240)
(35)
(54)
4
$217

Indirect Method
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Extraordinary loss
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Decrease in accounts receivable
Increase in inventory
Decrease in accounts payable
Decrease in salaries payable
Increase in interest payable
Decrease in income taxes payable
Net cash flows from operating activities

$ 40
190
12
26
(10)
(24)
(8)
5
(14)
$217

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2180

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2110
1. Cash received from customers

$306

2. Cost of goods sold

$180

3.

in salaries payable

4. Cash paid for depreciation

Increase
0

[Not reportedno cash effect]


5. Interest expense

$12

6. Cash paid for insurance

$12

7. Increase in income tax payable


8. Net income

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$6
$27

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2181

Problem 2111
ARDUOUS COMPANY
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Investment rev. receivable
Inventory
Prepaid insurance
Long-term investment

81
194
4
200
8
125

Changes
Debits

(21)
(2)
(4)
(2)
(13)

Land
Buildings and equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Patent

150
400
(120)
32
1,074

(14)

Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Salaries payable
Bond interest payable
Income tax payable
Deferred tax liability
Notes payable
Lease liability
Bonds payable
Less: Discount

65
11
4
14
8
0
0
275
(25)

(4)

Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Paid-in capitalex. of par
Preferred stock
Retained earnings

410
85
0
227

(15)
(11)

(10)

0
1,074

(1)

(8)

2
5
6
25
46
82
35

X
X

(11)
(6)

(16)

(20)

156
196
412
(97)
30
1,218

(9)

(10)
X (15)

3
23
82

(9)

(17)
(18)

20
10
75

430
95
75

(12)

67

242
(9)
1,218

60

30
22
9

116
190
6
205
4

50
6
8
12
11
23
82
215
(22)

(17)
(17)

70
12
2

15
5

X (14)

(19)

Less: Treasury stock

35

(7)

(5)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2182

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2111 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Income
Revenues:
Sales revenue
Investment revenue
Gain on sale of treasury bills
Expenses:
Cost of goods sold
Salaries expense
Depreciation expense
Patent amortization expense
Insurance expense
Bond interest expense
Income tax expense
Extraordinary loss (flood)
Less: Tax savings
Net income

Changes
Debits

Credits

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)

180
73
12
2
7
28
45
18
(10)

(12)

410
11
2

67

Dec. 31
2013

410
11
2
(180)
(73)
(12)
(2)
(7)
(28)
(45)
(18)
9
67

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2183

Problem 2111 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
From investment revenue
From sale of cash equivalents
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For insurance
For bond interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Sale of machine components
Purchase of LT investment
Purchase of land
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Retirement of bonds payable
Sale of preferred stock
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows

Changes
Debits

(1)
(2)
(3)

Dec. 31
2013

414
3
2
(4)
(5)
(8)
(9)
(10)

200
78
3
21
35
82

(11)

17
(13)
(14)

25
23
(31)

(18)

(16)

60

(19)

22
9

75
(20)

(16)

Net increase in cash


Totals

Credits

(21)
1,322

35

35

1,322

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2184

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2111 (concluded)


ARDUOUS COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
From investment revenue
From sale of cash equivalents
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For insurance
For bond interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities
Cash flows from investing activities:
Sale of machine components
Purchase of long-term investment
Purchase of land
Net cash flows from investing activities
Cash flows from financing activities:
Retirement of bonds payable
Sale of preferred stock
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows from financing activities
Net increase in cash
Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

$414
3
2
(200)
(78)
(3)
(21)
(35)
$ 82
17
(25)
(23)
(31)
(60)
75
(22)
(9)
(16)
35
81
$116

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Acquired $82 million building by 15-year lease.
Acquired $46 million of land by issuing cash and a 15%, 4-year note as follows:
Cost of land
$46
Cash paid
23
Note issued
$23

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2185

Problem 2112
Requirement 1
Retirement of common shares

($ in millions)

Common stock (5 million shares x $1 par per share)................................


Paid-in capitalexcess of par ($22 5 2)...................................
Retained earnings (given).............................................................
Cash (given)* ............................................................................

5
15
2
22

*This transaction identifies a $22 million cash outflow from financing


activities.
Net income closed to retained earnings
Income summary ...............................................................................................
Retained earnings (given) .........................................................

88
88

*The operating activities summarized by this transaction are identified


individually when we explain the changes in the components of net income.
But including the entry on the spreadsheet is helpful in partially explaining
change in retained earnings.
Declaration of a cash dividend
Retained earnings (given).............................................................
Cash .......................................................................................................................

33
33

*This transaction identifies a $33 million cash outflow from financing


activities.
Declaration of a stock dividend
Retained earnings (given).............................................................
Common stock ([105 5] x 4%) million shares at $1 par per share) .........
Paid-in capitalexcess of par (difference) ................................

20
4
16

*This

transaction does not represent a significant investing or financing


activity, but including the entry on the spreadsheet is helpful in partially
explaining changes in the balances of the two accounts affected.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2186

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2112 (concluded)


Requirement 2

BRENNER-JUDE CORPORATION
Statement of Retained Earnings
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2013
($ in millions)

Balance at January 1
Net income for the year
Deductions:
Retirement of common stock
Cash dividends of $.33 per share
4% stock dividend
Balance at December 31

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$ 90
88
(2)
(33)
(20)
$123

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2187

Problem 2113
1. Cash collections from customers (direct method).
2. Payments for purchase of property, plant, and
equipment.
3. Proceeds from sale of equipment.
4. Cash dividends paid.
5. Redemption of bonds payable.

Amount Category
O
$145,0001
$
$
$
$

50,0002
31,0003
12,0004
17,0005

I
I
F
F

1 Summary

Entry
Cash (received from customers)
Accounts receivable ($34,000 24,000)
Sales revenue (given)

145,000
10,000
155,000

2Property, Plant, & Equipment


_______________________________________________________________

Beginning balance
Acquired with B/P

247
20
40

Equipment sold

Purchased

____________
277

Ending balance

$277,000 + 40,000 247,000 20,000 = $50,000


3 Summary

Entry
Cash (sale of equipment)
Accumulated depreciation (determined below)
P, P, & E (given)
Gain on sale of equipment (given)

31,000
22,000
40,000
13,000

Accumulated Depreciation
_______________________________________________________________

167 Beginning balance


33 Depreciation expense

Equipment sold

____________
178 Ending balance
$167,000 + 33,000 178,000 = $22,000

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2188

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2113 (concluded)


4 Summary

Entry
Retained earnings (determined below)
Dividends payable ($8,000 5,000)
Cash (paid for dividends)

15,000
3,000
12,000

Retained Earnings
________________________________________________________________

91
28

Beginning balance
Net income

Dividends declared

____________
104 Ending balance
$91,000 + 28,000 104,000 = $15,000

5 Summary

Entry
Bonds payable (determined below)
Cash

17,000
17,000

Bonds Payable
________________________________________________________________

46
20
Bonds redeemed

Beginning balance
Issued for P, P, & E

?
____________
49 Ending balance

$46,000 + 20,000 49,000 = $17,000

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2189

Problem 2114
SURMISE COMPANY
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Less: Allowance
Prepaid expenses
Inventory
Long-term investment
Land
Buildings and equip.
Less: Acc. depreciation
Patent
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Accrued liabilities
Notes payable
Lease liability
Bonds payable
Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Paid-in capitalex. of par
Retained earnings

Changes
Debits

40
96
(4)
5
130
40
100
300
(120)
17
604

(16)

32
10
0
0
125

(7)

50
205
182
604

5
(5)
(3)

(10)

3
15
40

(11)

111

(8)
(6)

(4)

X (11)

35
111

60
(14)
(14)

(15)

22
1

15
12
(12)

(13)

4
8

X
(2)

(9)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

20

(1)

10
40
50

45
92
(12)
8
145
80
100
411
(142)
16
743
17
(2)
35
111
65
60
245
212
743

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2190

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2114 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Bad debt expense
Patent amortization expense
Decrease in accounts receivable
Increase in inventory
Decrease in accounts payable
Increase in prepaid expenses
Decrease in accrued liabilities
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Purchase of LT investment
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Issuance of note payable
Retirement of bonds payable
Sale of common stock
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows
Net increase in cash
Totals

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

Changes
Debits

(1)

50

(2)

22
8
1
4

(3)
(4)
(5)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)

15
15
3
12
40

(10)

40
(40)

(12)
(14)

35
(13)

60

(15)

20

50
__
451

(16)

5
5

451

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2191

Problem 2114 (concluded)


SURMISE COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Bad debt expense
Patent amortization expense
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Decrease in accounts receivable
Increase in inventory
Decrease in accounts payable
Increase in prepaid expenses
Decrease in accrued liabilities
Net cash flows from operating activities

$ 50
22
8
1
4
(15)
(15)
(3)
(12)
$40

Cash flows from investing activities:


Purchase of long-term investment
Net cash flows from investing activities

(40)

Cash flows from financing activities:


Issuance of note payable
Retirement of bonds payable
Sale of common stock
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities

35
(60)
50
(20)

Net increase in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

(40)

5
5
40
$45

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Acquired use of buildings by lease

$111

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2192

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2115
Part A: Assuming both companies use current GAAP prior to applying the proposed
Accounting Standards Update for lease accounting described in the Chapter
14 Supplement.
Requirement 1
Digital would report the cash inflow of $28,329,472 from the sale of the bonds as a
cash inflow from financing activities in its statement of cash flows.
*

**

The $3,200,000 ($1,600,000 + 1,600,000 ) cash interest paid is a cash outflow from
operating activities because interest is an income statement (operating) item.
June 30, 2013*
Interest expense (6% x $28,329,472) ......................
Discount on bonds payable (difference) .........
Cash (5% x $32,000,000) ..................................
December 31, 2013**
Interest expense (6% x [$28,329,472 + 99,768])......
Discount on bonds payable (difference) .........
Cash (5% x $32,000,000) ..................................

1,699,768
99,768
1,600,000
1,705,754
105,754
1,600,000

Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
we would add back to net income the $99,768 and $105,754 discount
amortization since net income was reduced by interest expense each
period but cash decreased by only $1,600,000 each period.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2193

Problem 2115 (continued)


Requirement 2
Calculation of the present value of lease payments
$391,548 x 15.32380t

$6,000,000
(rounded)

t Present value of an annuity due of $1: n = 20, i = 3% (from Table 6)

Midsouth would report the $6,000,000* investment in the switching equipment and its
financing with a capital lease as a significant noncash investing and financing activity
in the disclosure notes to the financial statements.
*

**

The $783,096 ($391,548 + 391,548 ) cash lease payments are divided into the
interest portion and the principal portion. The interest portion, $168,254, from
the December 31 payment, is reported as a cash outflow from operating
activities. The principal portion, $614,842 ($391,548 + 223,294), is reported as
a cash outflow from financing activities.
Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
we would add back to net income the $300,000 depreciation expense
since it didnt actually reduce cash. The $168,254 interest expense that
reduced net income actually did reduce cash [the interest portion of the
$783,096 ($391,548 x 2) cash lease payments], so for it, no adjustment to
net income is necessary.
Calculations:
September 30, 2013*
Leased equipment (calculated above) ...............................
Lease payable (calculated in above)..............................
Lease payable .................................................................
Cash (rental payment) ...................................................

6,000,000
6,000,000
391,548
391,548

December 31, 2013**


Interest expense (3% x [$6 million 391,548]) .................
Lease payable (difference) ...............................................
Cash (rental payment) ...................................................

168,254
223,294

Depreciation expense ($3 million 5 years x year) ............


Accumulated depreciation...........................................

150,000

391,548

300,000

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2194

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2115 (continued)


Requirement 3
Digital would report the $6,000,000* direct financing lease of the switching
equipment as a significant noncash investing activity (acquiring one asset and
disposing of another) in the disclosure notes to the financial statements.
*

**

The $783,096 ($391,548 + 391,548 ) cash lease receipts are divided into the
interest portion and the principal portion. The interest portion, $168,254, is
reported as a cash inflow from operating activities. The principal portion,
$614,842 ($391,548 + 223,294), is reported as a cash inflow from investing
activities.
Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
the $168,254 interest revenue that increased net income actually did
increase cash. The remaining portion of the $783,096 [($391,548 x 2)
cash lease payments] minus $168,254 = $614,842, must be added to net
income to cause operating activities to reflect the entire cash flow.
Calculations:
September 30, 2013*
Lease receivable (PV of lease payments)..........................
Inventory of equipment (lessors cost) ........................
Cash (rental payment) ......................................................
Lease receivable .........................................................
December 31, 2013**
Cash (rental payment) ......................................................
Lease receivable .........................................................
Interest revenue (3% x [$6,000,000 391,548]) ...........

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

6,000,000
6,000,000
391,548
391,548

391,548
223,294
168,254

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2195

Problem 2115 (continued)


Requirement 4
MDS would report the $6,000,000* sales-type lease of the switching equipment
as a significant noncash activity in the disclosure notes to the financial
statements.
*

**

The $783,096 ($391,548 + 391,548 ) cash lease payments is considered to be


a cash flow from operating activities. A sales-type lease differs from a direct
financing lease in that we assume the lessor is actually selling its product, which
is an operating activity. Thus, both the interest portion, $168,254, and the
principal portion, $614,842 ($391,548 + 223,294), are reported as cash inflows
from operating activities.
Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
the $1,000,000 (sales revenue: $6,000,000 cost of goods sold:
$5,000,000) dealers profit must be deducted from net income because it
is included in net income but wont increase cash flows until the lease
payments are collected over the next five years. This addition, however,
occurs automatically as we make the usual adjustments for the change in
receivables (to adjust sales to cash received from customers) and for the
change in inventory (to adjust cost of goods sold to cash paid to
suppliers).
The $168,254 interest revenue that increased net income actually did
increase cash [the interest portion of the $783,096 ($391,548 x 2) cash
lease payments], so no adjustment to net income is necessary. The
principal portion, $614,842 ($391,548 + 223,294), must be added
because it is not otherwise included in net income. This, too, though,
occurs automatically as we make the usual adjustments for the change in
receivables (to adjust sales to cash received from customers).
Noncash adjustments to convert net income to cash flows from
operating activities:
Increase in lease receivable ...........................
($6,000,000)
Decrease in inventory of equipment ..............
5,000,000
Decrease in lease receivable, Sept. 30 ...........
391,548
Decrease in lease receivable, Dec. 31 ............
223,294

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2196

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2115 (concluded)


Calculations:
September 30, 2013*
Lease receivable (present value) ......................................
Cost of goods sold (lessors cost) ....................................
Sales revenue (present value) .......................................
Inventory of equipment (lessors cost) ........................
Cash (rental payment) ......................................................
Lease receivable .........................................................
December 31, 2013**
Cash (rental payment) ......................................................
Lease receivable .........................................................
Interest revenue (3% x [$6,000,000 391,548]) ...........

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

6,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
5,000,000
391,548
391,548

391,548
223,294
168,254

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2197

Problem 2115 (continued)


Part B: Assuming both companies use the proposed Accounting Standards
Update for lease accounting described in the Chapter 14 Supplement.
Requirement 1
Digital would report the cash inflow of $28,329,472 from the sale of the bonds as a
cash inflow from financing activities in its statement of cash flows.
*

**

The $3,200,000 ($1,600,000 + 1,600,000 ) cash interest paid is a cash outflow from
operating activities because interest is an income statement (operating) item.
June 30, 2013*
Interest expense (6% x $28,329,472) ......................
Discount on bonds payable (difference) .........
Cash (5% x $32,000,000) .................................
December 31, 2013**
Interest expense (6% x [$28,329,472 + 99,768]) .....
Discount on bonds payable (difference) .........
Cash (5% x $32,000,000) .................................

1,699,768
99,768
1,600,000
1,705,754
105,754
1,600,000

Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
we would add back to net income the $99,768 and $105,754 discount
amortization since net income was reduced by interest expense each
period but cash decreased by only $1,600,000 each period.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2198

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2115 (continued)


Requirement 2
Calculation of the present value of lease payments
$391,548 x 15.32380t

$6,000,000
(rounded)

t Present value of an annuity due of $1: n = 20, i = 3% (from Table 6)

Midsouth would report the $6,000,000* investment in the switching equipment and its
financing with a lease as a significant noncash investing and financing activity in the
disclosure notes to the financial statements.
*

**

The $783,096 ($391,548 + 391,548 ) cash lease payments are divided into the
interest portion and the principal portion. The interest portion, $168,254, from
the December 31 payment, is reported as a cash outflow from operating
activities. The principal portion, $614,842 ($391,548 + 223,294), is reported as
a cash outflow from financing activities.
Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
we would add back to net income the $300,000 amortization expense
since it didnt actually reduce cash. The $168,254 interest expense that
reduced net income actually did reduce cash [the interest portion of the
$783,096 ($391,548 x 2) cash lease payments], so for it, no adjustment to
net income is necessary.
Calculations:
September 30, 2013*
Right-of-use equipment (calculated above) .....................
Lease payable (calculated in above) .............................
Lease payable ................................................................
Cash (rental payment) ..................................................

6,000,000
6,000,000
391,548
391,548

December 31, 2013**


Interest expense (3% x [$6 million 391,548]) ................
Lease payable (difference) ...............................................
Cash (rental payment) ..................................................

168,254
223,294

Amortization expense ($6 million 5 years x year) .....


Right-of-use equipment ..............................................

300,000

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

391,548

300,000

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


2199

Problem 2115 (continued)


Requirement 3
A lessor classifies its cash receipts from lease payments as operating activities
in its statement of cash flows after initially reporting its acquisition of a lease
receivable and derecognition of the leased asset as a supplemental noncash
transaction in its cash flow disclosure note. So Digital would report the
$6,000,000* lease of the switching equipment as a noncash transaction in the
disclosure notes to the financial statements.
*

**

The $783,096 ($391,548 + 391,548 ) cash lease receipts are reported as a


cash inflow from operating activities.
Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
the $168,254 interest revenue that increased net income actually did
increase cash. The remaining portion of the $783,096 ($391,548 x 2)
cash lease payments], $783,096 minus $168,254 = $614,842, must be
added to net income to cause operating activities to reflect the entire cash
flow.
Calculations:
September 30, 2013*
Lease receivable (PV of lease payments) ..........................
Inventory of equipment (lessors cost) .........................
Cash (rental payment) .......................................................
Lease receivable ..........................................................
December 31, 2013**
Cash (rental payment) .......................................................
Lease receivable ..........................................................
Interest revenue (3% x [$6,000,000 391,548]) ...........

6,000,000
6,000,000
391,548
391,548

391,548
223,294
168,254

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21100

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2115 (concluded)


Requirement 4
MDS would report the $6,000,000* lease of the switching equipment as a
noncash transaction in the disclosure notes to the financial statements.
*

**

The $783,096 ($391,548 + 391,548 ) cash lease payments are considered to


be cash flows from operating activities.
Note: By the indirect method of reporting cash flows from operating activities,
the $168,254 interest revenue that increased net income actually did
increase cash. The remaining portion of the $783,096 [($391,548 x 2)
cash lease payments], $783,096 minus $168,254 = $614,842, must be
added to net income to cause operating activities to reflect the entire cash
flow.
Calculations:
September 30, 2013*
Lease receivable (present value) ......................................
Profit (difference) ........................................................
Inventory of equipment (lessors cost) ........................
Cash (rental payment) ......................................................
Lease receivable .........................................................
December 31, 2013**
Cash (rental payment) ......................................................
Lease receivable .........................................................
Interest revenue (3% x [$6,000,000 391,548]) ...........

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

6,000,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
391,548
391,548

391,548
223,294
168,254

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21101

Problem 2116
DUX COMPANY
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Dividends receivable
Inventory
Long-term investment
Land
Buildings and equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Salaries payable
Interest payable
Income tax payable
Notes payable
Bonds payable
Less: Discount on bonds
Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Paid-in capitalex. of par
Retained earnings

Changes
Debits

20
47
2
50
10
40
250
(50)
369

(19)

20
5
2
8
0
70
(3)

(8)

200
20
47

(6)
(7)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(4)

(9)
(11)

0
369

1
5
5
30
15
30

(5)

(4)

40
5

X
(2)

7
3
(10)

X (13)

30
25
1

(3)

(18)

14
13
8

33
44
3
55
15
70
225
(25)
420
13
2
4
7
30
95
(2)

(16)

10
4

210
24

(1)

25

45
(8)
420

(16)

(17)

Less: Treasury stock

13

(15)

(16)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21102

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2116 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Amortization of discount
Loss on sale of building
Decrease in accounts receivable
Increase in dividends receivable
Increase in inventory
Decrease in accounts payable
Decrease in salaries payable
Increase in interest payable
Decrease in income tax payable
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Sale of building
Purchase of LT investment
Purchase of equipment
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Sale of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows

Changes
Debits
(1)

25

(2)

5
1
3
3

(3)
(4)
(5)

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

(11)

(7)
(8)

2
22

(4)

7
(12)
(14)

5
15
(13)

(15)

25
(17)
(18)

13
8
4

Net increase in cash


Totals

(9)

1
5
7
3

(6)

(10)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

___

13
___

216

216

(19)

13

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21103

Problem 2116 (concluded)


DUX COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in 000s)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Amortization of discount
Loss on sale of building
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Decrease in accounts receivable
Increase in dividends receivable
Increase in inventory
Decrease in accounts payable
Decrease in salaries payable
Increase in interest payable
Decrease in income tax payable
Net cash flows from operating activities

$25
5
1
3
3
(1)
(5)
(7)
(3)
2
(1)
$22

Cash flows from investing activities:


Sale of building
Purchase of long-term investment
Purchase of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

7
(5)
(15)

Cash flows from financing activities:


Sale of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows from financing activities

25
(13)
(8)

(13)

Net increase in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

13
20
$33

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Acquired $30,000 of land by issuing a 13%, 7-year note.

$30

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21104

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2117
METAGROBOLIZE INDUSTRIES
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Inventory
Land
Building
Less: Acc. depreciation
Equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Patent
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Accrued expenses
Lease liabilityland

375
450
525
600
900
(270)
2,250
(480)
1,500
5,850

Changes
Debits

(15)
(7)
(8)
(11)

(12)
(5)

225
150
375
150
900
270

(2)

75

(3)

30
300
315
300

(5)
(4)

(9)
(10)
X (11)

(13)
(13)
(13)
(14)

5,850

(6)

450
225
0

Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
3,000
Paid-in capitalex. of par
675
Retained earnings
1,500

Credits

225
450

(1)

Dec. 31
2013

600
600
900
675
900
(300)
2,850
(525)
1,200
6,900

300
75
150

750
300
150

150
75
975

3,150
750
1,800
6,900

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21105

Problem 2117 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Gain on sale of land
Depreciation expensebuild
Depreciation expenseequip
Loss on sale of equipment
Amortization of patent
Increase in accounts receivable
Increase in inventory
Increase in accounts payable
Increase in accrued expenses
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Purchase of equipment
Sale of land
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows

Changes
Debits

(1)

(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)

(2)

90

(7)

150
375

30
315
15
300
(8)

(9)
(10)

Dec. 31
2013

975

300
75
1,395
(12)

(2)
(5)

900

165
15
(720)

Financing activities:
Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows
Net increase in cash
Totals

Credits

(14)
(15)
4,935

450
225

(450)
225

4,935

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21106

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2117 (concluded)


METAGROBOLIZE INDUSTRIES
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in 000s)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Gain on sale of land
Depreciation expensebuilding
Depreciation expenseequipment
Loss on sale of equipment
Amortization of patent
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in accounts receivable
Increase in inventory
Increase in accounts payable
Increase in accrued expenses
Net cash flows from operating activities

$ 975
(90)
30
315
15
300
(150)
(375)
300
75
$1,395

Cash flows from investing activities:


Purchase of equipment
Sale of land
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

(900)
165
15

Cash flows from financing activities:


Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities

(450)

Net increase in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

(720)

(450)
225
375
$ 600

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Use of land acquired by lease

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$150

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21107

Problem 2118
ARDUOUS COMPANY
Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
Dec.31
2012

Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable
Investment rev. receivable
Inventory
Prepaid insurance
Long-term investment

81
194
4
200
8
125

Changes
Debits

(24)
(6)
(9)
(7)
(16)

Land
Buildings and equipment
Less: Acc. depreciation
Patent

150
400
(120)
32
1,074

(17)

Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Salaries payable
Bond interest payable
Income tax payable
Deferred tax liability
Notes payable
Lease liability
Bonds payable
Less: Discount

65
11
4
14
8
0
0
275
(25)

(10)

Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock
Paid-in capitalex. of par
Preferred stock
Retained earnings

410
85
0
227

(18)
(15)

(13)

0
1,074

(5)

(8)

2
5
6
25
46
82
35

X
X

(15)
(2)

(19)

(23)

156
196
412
(97)
30
1,218

(12)

(14)
X (18)

3
23
82

(4)

(20)
(21)

20
10
75

430
95
75

(1)

67

242
(9)
1,218

60

30
22
9

116
190
6
205
4

50
6
8
12
11
23
82
215
(22)

(20)
(20)

70
12
2

15
5

X (17)

(22)

Less: Treasury stock

35

(3)

(11)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21108

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2118 (continued)


Spreadsheet for the Statement of Cash Flows
(continued)
Dec.31
2012

Statement of Cash Flows


Operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Patent amortization expense
Amortization of discount
Decrease in accounts receivable
Increase in investment rev. rec.
Equity method income
Decrease in prepaid insurance
Increase in inventory
Decrease in accounts payable
Decrease in salaries payable
Increase in interest payable
Decrease in tax payable
Increase in deferred tax liability
Loss on flood (extraordinary)
Net cash flows
Investing activities:
Sale of machine components
Purchase of LT investment
Purchase of land
Net cash flows
Financing activities:
Retirement of bonds payable
Sale of preferred stock
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows

Changes
Debits

(1)

67

(2)

12
2
3
4

(3)
(4)
(5)

(6)
(7)
(8)

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

(13)

(15)

4
3
18
82

(15)

17
(16)
(17)

25
23
(31)

(21)

(19)

60

(22)

22
9

75
(23)

(16)

Net increase in cash


Totals

(11)

5
15
5

(10)

(14)

2
6

4
(9)

(12)

Dec. 31
2013

Credits

(24)
588

35

35

588

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21109

Problem 2118 (continued)


Arduous Company
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
$67
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
12
Patent amortization expense
2
Amortization of discount
3
Loss on flood (extraordinary)
18
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Decrease in accounts receivable
4
Increase in investment revenue receivable
(2)
Increase in investment due to equity method income
(6)
Decrease in prepaid insurance
4
Increase in inventory
(5)
Decrease in accounts payable
(15)
Decrease in salaries payable
(5)
Increase in interest payable
4
Decrease in income tax payable
(2)
Increase in deferred tax liability
3
Net cash flows from operating activities
$ 82
Cash flows from investing activities:
Sale of machine components
17
Purchase of long-term investment
(25)
Purchase of land
(23)
Net cash flows from investing activities
(31)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Retirement of bonds payable
(60)
Sale of preferred stock
75
Payment of cash dividends
(22)
Purchase of treasury stock
(9)
Net cash flows from financing activities
(16)
Net increase in cash
Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

35
81
$116

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21110

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2118 (concluded)


Noncash investing and financing activities:
Acquired $82 million building by 15-year lease.
Acquired $46 million of land by issuing cash and a 15%, 4-year note as follows:
Cost of land
Cash paid
Note issued

$46
23
$23

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21111

The following problems use the technique learned in Appendix 21B.

Problem 2119
BALANCE SHEET ACCOUNTS
Cash (Statement of Cash Flows)
_____________________________________________________________
13
Operating Activities:
From customers
From dividends received

Investing Activities:
Sale of building
Financing Activities:
Sale of bonds payable

(1)
(2)

(7)

(13)

203
2

25

132
28
5
18

(3)

5
15

(10)

13
8

(15)

(4)
(6)
(8)

(12)

(16)

To suppliers of goods
To employees
For interest
For income taxes
Purchase of LT investment
Purchase of equipment
Payment of dividends
Purchase of treasury stock

Accounts Receivable
______________________
3
_________________
3 (1)
Inventory
______________________
5
_________________
(3)
5

Dividends Receivable
______________________________
1
(2)

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21112

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2119 (continued)


Long-term Investments
______________________
5
_________________
(10)
5

Land
______________________________
30

Buildings and Equipment


______________________
25
_________________
(12) 15
40
(7)

Accumulated Depreciation
______________________________
25

Accounts Payable
______________________
7
_________________
(3)
7

Salaries Payable
______________________________
3

Interest Payable
______________________
2
_________________
2
(6)

Income Tax Payable


______________________________
1

Notes Payable
______________________
30
_________________
30 (11) X

Bonds Payable
______________________________
25

Discount on Bonds
______________________
1
_________________
1
(6)

Common Stock
______________________________
10

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

X (11) 30

(7)

(4)

(8)

30

(5)

25

10

(13)

(14)

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21113

Problem 2119 (continued)


Paid-in Capital
______________________
4
_________________
4 (14)

Retained Earnings
______________________________
2
(14)
(15)

14
13

25

(9)

Treasury Stock
______________________
8
_________________
(16)
8
X Noncash investing and financing activity.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21114

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2119 (continued)


INCOME STATEMENT ACCOUNTS
Sales
______________________
200
_________________
200 (1)

Dividend Revenue
______________________________
3

Cost of Goods Sold


______________________
120
_________________
(3) 120

Salaries Expense
______________________________
25

Depreciation Expense
______________________
5
_________________
(5)
5

Bad Debts Expense


______________________________
1

Interest Expense
______________________
8
_________________
(6)
8

Loss on Sale of Building


______________________________
3

Income Tax Expense


______________________
17
_________________
(8)
17

Net Income (Income Summary)


______________________________
25

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

(4)

(1)

(7)

(9)

(2)

25

25

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21115

Problem 2119 (concluded)


DUX COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in 000s)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
From dividends received
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities

$203
2
(132)
(28)
(5)
(18)
$22

Cash flows from investing activities:


Sale of building
Purchase of long-term investment
Purchase of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

7
(5)
(15)

Cash flows from financing activities:


Sale of bonds payable
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows from financing activities

25
(13)
(8)

(13)

Net increase in cash

13

Cash balance, January 1


Cash balance, December 31

20
$33

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Acquired $30,000 of land by issuing a 13%, 7-year note.

$30

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21116

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2120
BALANCE SHEET ACCOUNTS
Cash (Statement of Cash Flows)
______________________________________________________________
225
Operating Activities:
From customers
Investing Activities:
Sale of land
Sale of equipment

(1)

(3)
(7)

2,495

165
15

675
425

(4)

900

(11)

Purchase of equipment

450

(13)

Payment of div.

(9)

To suppliers
For expenses

Financing Activities:

Accounts Receivable
______________________
150
_________________
(1) 150

Inventory
______________________________
375

Land
______________________
75
_________________
X (2) 150
75
(3)

Accumulated Depr.-Buildings
______________________________
30

Equipment
______________________
600
_________________
(11) 900 300
(7)

Accumulated Depr.-Equipment
______________________________
45

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

(4)

375

30

(7)

270

315

(5)

(6)

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21117

Problem 2120 (continued)


Patent
______________________
300
_________________
300
(8)

Accounts Payable
______________________________
300

Accrued Expenses Payable


______________________
75
_________________
75
(9)

Lease Liability-Land
______________________________
150

Common Stock
______________________
150
_________________
150 (12)

Paid-in Capital
______________________________
75

300

150

75

(4)

(2) X

(12)

Retained Earnings
______________________
300
_________________
(12) 225
975 (10)
(13) 450

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21118

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2120 (continued)


INCOME STATEMENT ACCOUNTS
Sales
______________________
2,645
_________________
2,645

Gain on Sale of Land


______________________________
90
90

(1)

(3)

Cost of Goods Sold


______________________
600
_________________
(4) 600

Depreciation ExpenseBuild.
______________________________
30

Depreciation ExpenseEquip.
______________________
315
_________________
(6) 315

Loss on Sale of Equipment


______________________________
15

Amortization of Patent
______________________
300
_________________
(8) 300

Operating Expenses
______________________________
500

(5)

(7)

(9)

30

15

500

Net Income (Income Summary)


______________________
975
_________________
(10) 975

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21119

Problem 2120 (concluded)


METAGROBOLIZE INDUSTRIES
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in 000s)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
For operating expenses
Net cash flows from operating activities

$2,495
(675)
(425)
$1,395

Cash flows from investing activities:


Purchase of equipment
Sale of land
Sale of equipment
Net cash flows from investing activities

(900)
165
15

Cash flows from financing activities:


Payment of cash dividends
Net cash flows from financing activities

(450)

Net increase in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

(720)

(450)
225
375
$ 600

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Land acquired by lease

$150

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21120

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2121
BALANCE SHEET ACCOUNTS
Cash (Statement of Cash Flows)
________________________________________________________________
35
Operating Activities:
From customers
From investment revenue
From sale of cash equivalents

Investing Activities:
Sale of machine components
Financing Activities:
Sale of preferred stock

(1)
(2)
(3)

(11)

(18)

414
3
2

17

75

200
78
3
21
35

(4)
(5)
(8)
(9)
(10)

25
23

(13)

60
22
9

(16)

(14)

(19)
(20)

To suppliers of goods
To employees
For insurance
For bond interest
For income taxes
Purchase of LT invest.
Purchase of land
Retirement of bonds
Payment of dividends
Purch. of treas. stock

Accounts Receivable
______________________
4
_________________
4 (1)
Prepaid Insurance
______________________
4
_________________
4 (8)

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

Inventory
______________________________
5
(4)

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21121

Problem 2121 (continued)


Investment Revenue Receivable
______________________
2
_________________
(2)
2

Long-term Investments
______________________________
31
(2)
(13)

6
25

Land
______________________
46
_________________
X (14) 46

Buildings and Equipment


______________________________
12

Accumulated Depreciation
______________________
23
_________________
(11) 35
12 (6)

Patent
______________________________
2

Accounts Payable
______________________
15
_________________
(4)
15

Salaries Payable
______________________________
5

Bond Interest Payable


______________________
4
_________________
4 (9)

Income Tax Payable


______________________________
2

X (15)

82

70

(5)

(10)

(11)

(7)

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21122

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2121 (continued)


Deferred Tax Payable
______________________
3
_________________
3 (10)

Notes Payable
______________________________
23

Lease Liability
______________________
82
_________________
82 (15) X

Bonds Payable
______________________________
60

Discount on Bonds
______________________
3
_________________
3 (9)

Common Stock
______________________________
20

Paid-in Capital
______________________
10
_________________
10 (17)

Preferred Stock
______________________________
75

Retained Earnings
______________________
15
_________________
(17) 30
67 (12)
(19) 22

Treasury Stock
______________________________
9

23

(16)

60

20

75

(20)

(14) X

(17)

(18)

X Noncash investing and financing activity.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21123

Problem 2121 (continued)


INCOME STATEMENT ACCOUNTS
Sales
______________________
410
_________________
410 (1)

Investment Revenue
______________________________
11

Gain on Sale of Treasury Bills


______________________
2
_________________
2 (3)

Cost of Goods Sold


______________________________
180

Salaries Expense
______________________
73
_________________
(5)
73

Depreciation Expense
______________________________
12

11

(4)

(6)

(2)

180

12

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21124

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Problem 2121 (continued)


Patent Amortization Expense
______________________
2
_________________
(7)
2
Insurance Expense
______________________
7
_________________
(8)
7

Bond Interest Expense


______________________________
28

Income Tax Expense


______________________
45
_________________
(10) 45

Extraordinary Loss (Flood)


______________________________
18

Tax Savings
______________________
9
_________________
9 (10)

Net Income (Income Summary)


______________________________
67

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

(9)

(11)

(12)

28

18

67

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21125

Problem 2121 (concluded)


ARDUOUS COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers
From investment revenue
From sale of cash equivalents
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods
To employees
For insurance
For bond interest
For income taxes
Net cash flows from operating activities

$414
3
2
(200)
(78)
(3)
(21)
(35)
$ 82

Cash flows from investing activities:


Sale of machine components
Purchase of long-term investment
Purchase of land
Net cash flows from investing activities

17
(25)
(23)

Cash flows from financing activities:


Retirement of bonds payable
Sale of preferred stock
Payment of cash dividends
Purchase of treasury stock
Net cash flows from financing activities

(60)
75
(22)
(9)

Net increase in cash


Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

(31)

(16)
35
81
$116

Noncash investing and financing activities:


Acquired $82 million building by 15-year lease.
Acquired $46 million of land by issuing cash and a 15%, 4-year note as follows:
Cost of land
$46
Cash paid
23
Note issued
$23
The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013
21126

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

CASES
Communication Case 211

Memorandum
To:
From:
Date:
RE:

Mr. Robert James


Your Name
Current Date
Discrepancy between profitability and cash flows

Our operating results for the first half of the year demonstrate that it is possible for
operating activities to simultaneously produce a positive net income and negative
net cash flows. Net income was $5 million. Cash flow from operating activities for
the period was negative $16 million.
Generally accepted accounting principles permit us to report cash flows by either of
two methodsthe direct or the indirect approach as follows:
($ in millions)

[Direct Method]
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers ($75 20)
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods ($30 + 15 2)
For other expenses ($35 7)
Net cash flows from operating activities

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

$55
(43)
(28)
$(16)

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21127

Case 211 (concluded)


[Indirect Method]
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in accounts receivable
Increase in inventory
Increase in accounts payable
Increase in accrued expenses payable
Net cash flows from operating activities

$ 5
5
(20)
(15)
2
7
$(16)

The reason for the apparent discrepancy between cash flows and net income is due
to the way the two items are measured. Net income (or loss) is the result of
combining the revenues earned during the reporting period, regardless of when cash
is received, and the expenses incurred in generating those revenues, regardless of
when cash is paid. We refer to this as the accrual concept of accounting. On the
other hand, "cash flows from operating activities" are both inflows and outflows of
cash that result from the same activities that are reported on the income statement.
In other words, this classification of cash flows includes the elements of net income,
but reported on a cash basis.
Let me know if I can provide you additional details.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21128

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Judgment Case 212


DARING COMPANY
Statement of Cash Flows
For year ended December 31, 2013 ($ in 000s)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash inflows:
From customers ($100 25)
Cash outflows:
To suppliers of goods ($50 + 20 10)
For remaining expenses ($25 5)
Net cash flows from operating activities

$75
(60)
(20)
$ (5)

Cash flows from investing activities:


Purchase of depreciable assets (given)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Issuance of note payable
Issuance of common stock
Net cash flows from financing activities
Net increase in cash
Cash balance, January 1
Cash balance, December 31

(55)
$ 45
20
65
$ 5
0
$5

Your concerns are justified in the sense that cash flows are insufficient to cover
existing interest charges, not to mention additional charges from new debt. In fact, the
principal on the debt of $45,000 will come due shortly in addition to additional
interest. Although net income is positive, cash flows from operating activities are
negative. A difference between cash flows and net income can exist due to the way
the two items are measured. Net income, measured on an accrual basis, is the
difference between the revenues earned during the reporting period, regardless of
when cash is received, and the expenses incurred in generating those revenues,
regardless of when cash is paid. Cash flows from operating activities are inflows and
outflows of cash resulting from the same activities that are reported on the income
statement.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21129

Case 212 (concluded)


On the other hand, the negative cash flow from operations is not reason, in and of
itself, for rejecting the application. Profit is positive. The reason net income is
measured on an accrual basis rather than a cash basis is that very often, net income is a
better indication of performance, particularly long-term performance, than cash flow.
However, many promising companies that have reported profits have failed due to
cash shortages. Good business managers understand that bottom line net income has
little to do with maintaining solvency. By being able to accurately predict the timing
and amounts of cash flows, companies can remain afloat and also avoid financing
charges caused by having to undertake emergency borrowing, as is the case here.
The bottom line is that additional information is needed. One cause of the
negative operating cash flows is the acquisition of a large amount of inventory that is
unsold. If product demand is strong, this is favorable. Why are those inventories
unsold? What is the projected growth rate in revenues? Another concern may be the
rather high balance in accounts receivable. Cash collected from customers was only
75% of sales for the year. Is credit policy too lax? On the other hand, if the
uncollected receivables arose primarily as a result of heavy year-end sales and are
eminently collectible, the cash flow situation will benefit. Another practical
consideration is the fact that the bank already has a $45,000 investment in this new
company, an investment that likely will be lost if the company is denied the new funds
it seeks.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21130

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Research Case 213


The results students report will vary depending on the dates of the statements
accessed. The following is based on the fiscal 2011 financial statements, but
responses should be similar for other years.
Requirement 1
FedEx is expanding its business as evidenced by the investing activities. External
financing need not be sufficient to fund those investments because of the
substantial internal financing provided by operating activities. Notice that
dividends to shareholders are relatively small, so most funds from operating
activities are being reinvested in the business.
Requirement 2
The four activities listed under financing activities for the 2011 fiscal year are
($ in millions):

Financing Activities
Principal payments on debt
Proceeds from debt issuances
Proceeds from stock issuances
Excess tax benefits on the
exercise of stock options
Dividends paid
Other, net
Cash from financing activities

2010
(653)
-94

2009
(501)
1,000
41

2008
(639)
-108

25
(138)
(20)
--------(692)

4
(137)
(7)
---------400

38
(124)
----------(617)

The statement tells us that FedEx borrowed much more cash in 2009 than it paid to
retire debt after not borrowing any the previous year. A relatively small amount of
cash also was received from sale of stock. [Reference to FedExs Statement of
Changes in Common Stockholders Investment tells us that stock was sold or
granted under employee benefit plans rather than being sold to the public.]

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21131

Case 213 (concluded)


Requirement 3
Companies are required to separately disclose cash payments for both interest and
income taxes. When the direct method is used to report operating activities, those
amounts automatically are shown. But when a company uses the indirect method,
as FedEx does, supplemental disclosure is needed. Note 13 in the disclosure notes
serves this purpose:
Note 13: Supplemental Cash Flow Information
Cash paid for interest expense and income taxes for the years ended May 31 was as
follows:
In thousands

Interest (net of capitalized interest)


Income taxes

2010
$ 88
43

2009
$ 61
509

2008
$105
816

Requirement 4
The specific citation that specifies the way FedEx reports interest and income
taxes is FASB ACS 23010502: Statement of Cash FlowsOverall
DisclosureInterest and Income Taxes Paid.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21132

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Research Case 214


Requirement 1
From Microsofts disclosure note regarding unearned revenue:
Unearned Revenue (in part)
A portion of the revenue related to Windows XP is recorded as unearned due to undelivered elements
including, in some cases, free post-delivery telephone support and the right to receive unspecified
upgrades/enhancements of Microsoft Internet Explorer on a when-and-if-available basis.

So, a portion of the sales price for Windows XP Professional is initially recorded as
unearned revenue.
Requirement 2
The statement of cash flows includes unearned revenue as an addition to net
income in the operations section because this is the amount of revenue collected in
cash but not included in the income statement. Conversely, recognition of unearned
revenue is included as a deduction from net income because this amount previously
recorded as unearned revenue when collected, now is being recognizedincluded in
revenue. The recognition now does not increase cash, so subtracting this amount
serves to convert net income to a cash basis. Microsoft reported these two items
separately rather than just adjusting net income for the change in the unearned revenue
account balance because, even though adjusting for the net change would produce the
same net result, the dollar amounts are sufficiently large that separate reporting is
deemed more informative.
Requirement 3
Stock-based compensation is expensed as an appropriate portion of the fair value
of such compensation (restricted stock, stock options, SARs) on the date of grant
(Chapter 19). There is no cash flow associated with such compensation, so the
expense is added back to net income to remove this noncash item from the
determination of cash from operating activities.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21133

Analysis Case 215


Requirement 1
(a)
Cash
_______________________________________________________________

Beginning balance
?
Net increase (from SCF) 183
____________
Ending balance
360
Beginning cash + Net increase in cash = Ending cash
Beginning cash + 183 = 360
Beginning cash = 360 183
Beginning cash = 177

(b)
Accounts Receivable
_______________________________________________________________

Beginning balance
Sales (from IS)

252
240
213 Collected from customers (from SCF)
____________

Ending balance

Ending accounts receivable =


Beginning accounts receivable + Sales Cash collections =
252
+ 240
213

= 279

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21134

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Case 215 (continued)


(c)
Accounts Payable
________________________________________________________________

90

?
Cash paid to suppliers

Beginning balance
Purchases

90
____________
120 Ending balance

Beginning A/P + Purchases Cash paid = Ending A/P


90
+ Purchases
90
= 120
Purchases
+ 90
90
= 120
Therefore, Purchases = 120
Inventory
________________________________________________________________

Beginning balance
?
Purchases (from above) 120
Ending balance

96 Cost of goods sold (from IS)


____________
180

Beginning inventory + Purchases Ending inventory = Cost of goods sold


Beginning inventory + 120
180
= 96
Beginning inventory = 96 120 + 180
Beginning inventory = 156

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21135

Case 215 (continued)


(d)
Gain on sale of equipment was 45; cash received was 120; therefore, book value of
equipment was 75. Since the cost of equipment sold was 150 (600 450), accumulated
depreciation must have been 75.
Summary Entry
Cash (from SCF)
Accumulated depreciation (to balance)
P, P, & E (450 600)
Gain on sale of equipment (from IS)

120
75
150
45

Accumulated Depreciation
_______________________________________________________________

Beginning balance
Depreciation expense

30
Equipment sold (from above) 75
____________
120 Ending balance

Beginning accumulated depreciation + Depreciation expense Accumulated


depreciation on equipment sold = Ending accumulated depreciation
Beginning accumulated depreciation + 30 75 = 120
Beginning accumulated depreciation = 120 30 + 75 = 165
(e)
Income Taxes Payable
_______________________________________________________________

?
21

Beginning balance
Income tax expense

Cash paid (from SCF) 27


____________
66 Ending balance
Beg. IT payable + IT expense IT paid = Ending IT payable
Beg. IT payable = Ending IT payable + IT paid IT expense
Beg. IT payable =
66
+ 27 21

= 72

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21136

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Case 215 (continued)


(f)
Retained Earnings
________________________________________________________________

141 Beginning balance


84 Net income
Dividends declared

9
____________

Ending balance

Ending R/E = Beginning R/E + Net income Dividends


=
141
+ 84
9
= 216
DISTINCTIVE INDUSTRIES
Comparative Balance Sheets
At December 31
2013

2012

Assets:
Cash
Accounts receivable (net)
Inventory
Property, plant, and equipment
Less: Accumulated depreciation
Total assets

$ 360
279
180
450
(120)
$1,149

$ 177
252
156
600
(165)
$1,020

Liabilities and shareholders equity:


Accounts payable
General and administrative expenses payable
Income taxes payable
Common stock
Retained earnings
Total liabilities and shareholders equity

$ 120
27
66
720
216
$1,149

$ 90
27
72
690
141
$1,020

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21137

Case 215 (concluded)


Requirement 2
DISTINCTIVE INDUSTRIES
Statement of Cash Flows
For the Year Ended December 31, 2013
($ in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
Adjustments for noncash effects:
Depreciation expense
Gain on sale of equipment
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in accounts receivable (net) *
Increase in inventory **
Increase in accounts payable ***
Decrease in income taxes payable ****
Net cash inflows from operating activities

$ 84
30
(45)
(27)
(24)
30
(6)
$42

*
$279 252 = $27
** $180 156 = $24
*** $120 90 = $30
**** $66 72 = $(6)

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21138

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Real World Case 216


Requirement 1
Year to year during the three years, Staples largest investing activity was the
acquisition of property and equipment. However, in 2009, by far the largest was the
acquisition of other businesses. A look at financing activities reveals that funds from
external financing were insufficient to fund these and other investments. In fact, in
2011 and 2010, financing activities produced a decrease, not an increase, in cash. The
bulk of the funds for investments came from cash provided by operations (internal
financing) in each year.
Requirement 2
Transactions that involve merely transfers from cash to cash equivalents such as the
purchase of a CD should not be reported in the statement of cash flows. A dollar
amount is simply transferred from one "cash" account to another "cash" account so
that the total of cash and cash equivalents is not altered by such transactions. An
exception is the sale of a cash equivalent at a gain or loss. In this case, the total of
cash and cash equivalents actually increases or decreases. The increase or decrease is
reported as a cash flow from operating activities.
Requirement 3
The sale of debt and the sale of stock are reported as financing activities.
Requirement 4
The payment of cash dividends to shareholders is classified as a financing activity, but
paying interest to creditors is classified as an operating activity. This is because "cash
flows from operating activities" should reflect the cash effects of items that enter into
the determination of net income. Interest expense is a determinant of net income. A
dividend, on the other hand, is a distribution of net income and not an expense.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21139

Case 216 (concluded)


Requirement 5
A statement of cash flows reports transactions that cause an increase or a decrease in
cash. However, some transactions that dont increase or decrease cash, but which
result in significant investing and financing activities, must be reported in related
disclosures. Entering a significant investing activity and a significant financing
activity as two parts of a single transaction does not limit the value of reporting these
activities. Examples of noncash transactions that would be reported:
Acquiring an asset by incurring a debt payable to the seller.
Acquiring an asset by entering into a lease agreement.
Converting debt into common stock or other equity securities.
Exchanging noncash assets or liabilities for other noncash assets or liabilities.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21140

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Ethics Case 217


Discussion should include these elements.
The apparent situation:
There seems to be at least superficial evidence that income is being artificially
propped up by management practices that might not be healthy for the company in
the long run. Ben apparently suspects the motivation may be partly due to
management compensation tied to reported profits.
Ethical Dilemma:
Does Ben have an obligation to challenge the questionable practices? If his
suspicions are confirmed, what action, if any, should he take?

Who is affected?:
Ben
President, controller, and other managers
Shareholders
Potential shareholders
The employees
The creditors
The companys auditors

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21141

Real World Case 218


Requirement 1
Cash flows from operating activities are both inflows and outflows of cash that
result from the same activities that are reported in the income statement. The income
statement, however, reports the activities on an accrual basis. This means that the
income statement reports revenues earned during the reporting period, regardless of
when cash is received, and the expenses incurred in generating those revenues,
regardless of when cash is paid. Cash flows from operating activities, on the other
hand, reports those activities when the cash is exchanged (i.e., on a cash basis).
Requirement 2
Depreciation and amortization are noncash expenses. They are merely an allocation
in the current period of prior cash expenditures (for the depreciable or amortizable
assets). Therefore, depreciation and amortization reduce net income but have no effect
on cash flows. Dell adds these amounts back to net income to return to the amount that
would have been reported had depreciation and amortization not been deducted.
Requirement 3
A sizable reduction in the amount Dell owes its suppliers is the major contributor
to Dell having lower cash flows from operating activities than net income in Fiscal
2009. If Dell had used the direct rather than the indirect method of reporting
operating activities, the reduction in accounts payable would have been reported as
part of cash paid to suppliers.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21142

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Case 218 (continued)


Requirement 4
Cash provided by financing activities during Fiscal 2011 was $477 million, as
compared to $2.012 billion in Fiscal 2010 and negative $1.4 billion in Fiscal 2009.
Financing activities consist primarily of borrowing cash, partially offset by debt
repayment.
Relevant portions of Dells statements are reproduced below:
DELL INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in millions, except per share amounts)
January 28,
2010

Net revenue:
Products
Services, including software related
Total net revenue
Cost of net revenue:
Products
Services, including software related
Total cost of net revenue
Gross margin
Operating expenses:
Selling, general, and administrative
Research, development, and engineering
Total operating expenses
Operating income
Interest and other, net
Income before income taxes
Income tax provision
Net income
Earnings per share:
Basic
Diluted
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
Basic
Diluted

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

50,002
11,492
61,494

Fiscal Year Ended


January 29,
2009

42,068
8,030
50,098
11,396

7,302
661
7,963
3,433
(83)
3,350
715
2,635

$
$

1.36
1.35
1,944
1,955

43,697
9,205
52,902

January 30, 2011

37,534
6,107
43,641
9,261

52,337
8,764
61,101
44,670
5,474
50,144
10,957

6,465
624
7,089
2,172
(148)
2,024
591
1,433

7,102
665
7,767
3,190
134
3,324
846
2,478

$
$

0.73
0.73

$
$

1.25
1.25

1,954
1,962

1,980
1,986

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21143

Case 218 (continued)


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Fiscal Year Ended
January 28,
January 29,
2010
2009

January 30, 2011

Cash flows from operating activities:


Net income
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net
cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization
Stock-based compensation
Effects of exchange rate changes on
monetary assets and liabilities
denominated in foreign currencies
Deferred income taxes
Provision for doubtful accounts including
financing receivables
Other
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of
effects from acquisitions:
Accounts receivable
Financing receivables
Inventories
Other assets
Accounts payable
Deferred services revenue
Accrued and other liabilities
Change in cash from operating activities

2,635

1,433

2,478

970
332

852
312

769
418

(4)
(45)

59
(52)

(115)
86

382
26

429
102

310
34

(707)
(709)
(248)
516
(151)
551
421
3,969

(660)
(1,085)
(183)
(225)
2,833
135
(44)

480
(302)
309
(106)
(3,117)
663
(13)

3,906

1,894

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21144

Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Case 218 (concluded)


Cash flows from investing activities:
Investments:
Purchases
Maturities and sales
Capital expenditures
Proceeds from sale of facility and land
Purchase of financing receivables
Collections on purchased financing receivables
Acquisition of business, net of cash received
Change in cash from investing activities
Repurchase of common stock
Issuance of common stock under employee
plans
Issuance (repayment) of commercial paper
(maturity 90 days or less), net
Proceeds from debt
Repayments of debt
Other

(1,360)
1,358
(444)
18
(430)
69
(376)

(1,383)
1,538
(367)
16
(3,613)

(1,584)
2,333
(440)
44
(176)

(1,165)
(800)

(3,809)
-

177
(2,867)

12

(176)
3,069
(1,630)
2

Change in cash from financing activities

477

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash


equivalents

(3)

Change in cash and cash equivalents


Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the
period

79

76
2,058
(122)
(2)

100
1,519
(237)
-

2,012

(1,406)

174

(77)

3,278

2,283

588

10,635

8,352

7,764

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period

13,913

10,635

8,352

Income tax paid

435

434

800

Interest paid

188

151

74

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


21145

Research Case 219


The results students report will vary depending on the companies chosen. It can
be interesting to have students compare in class their findings with those of their
classmates.
Most companies use the indirect method to report operating activities.
Adjustments to net income in reconciling net income and cash flows from operations
are reported on the face of the statement of cash flows when the indirect method is
used and in a separate reconciliation schedule when the direct method is used.
The cash payments for interest and for taxes are reported on the face of the
statement of cash flows when the direct method is used and in a separate disclosure
note when the indirect method is used.
Significant investing activities can point to new directions in which the company
may be moving or perhaps may indicate that investment funds are being invested in
passive peripheral activities for lack of profitable opportunities in mainstream
operations.
What combination of debt and equity does a company use to finance its
activities? Significant financing activities in recent years can point to shifts in that
combination.

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Analysis Case 2110


Structural free cash flow (what Warren Buffett calls "owner's earnings") is net income
from operations plus depreciation and amortization minus capital expenditures:
2011

2010

2009

Net income
Increase from previous year

$2,635
84%

$1,433
(42%)

$2,478

Net income
Depreciation and amortization
Less: Capital expenditures

$2,635
970
(444)

$1,433
852
(367)

$2,478
769
(440)

$1,918
(32%)

$2,807

(from investing activities)

Free cash flow


Increase from previous year

$ 3,161
65%

In 2010, net income shows a sizeable decrease of 42% from 2009. Structural free cash
flow, however decreased by only 32%, indicating that the decline, while quite high,
was actually less than it seemed. We get a similar impression in 2011 when net
income increased by 84%, but free cash flow increased by only 65%.
This is another indication that astute analysts will not reply on single measurements,
but will look at each situation from multiple perspectives.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

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Research Case 2111


Requirement 1
The specific citation that specifies the classification of notes payable to suppliers is
FASB ACS 230104517: Statement of Cash FlowsOverallOther Presentation
MattersCash Flows from Operating Activities.
Requirement 2
Specifically, paragraph 4517a states that cash outflows for operating activities
include payments to acquire materials for manufacture or goods for resale, including
principal payments on accounts and notes payable to suppliers for those materials or
goods.
Requirement 3
Yes. Accounting is the same for both short-term and long-term notes payable to
suppliers.

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2013


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Intermediate Accounting, 7e

Analysis Case 2112


Requirement 1
BTs statement of cash flows, prepared in accordance with IFRS, classifies cash flows
as arising from operating, investing, or financing activities. This classification is the
same as cash flow statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
Requirement 2
BT reports interest received and dividends received as investing activities and
dividends paid and interest paid as financing activities. IAS No. 7 allows flexibility,
permitting companies to report (a) interest and dividends received as operating or
investing and (b) interest paid as operating or financing, provided that they are
classified consistently from period to period. BTs choice is typical of IFRS-based
statements.
U.S. GAAP designates (a) interest payments and interest received as operating cash
flows and (b) dividend payments as financing cash flows and dividends received as
operating cash flows.

Solutions Manual, Vol.2, Chapter 21

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Air FranceKLM Case


Requirement 1
AFs statement of cash flows, prepared in accordance with IFRS, classifies cash
flows as arising from operating, investing, or financing activities. This classification
is the same as cash flow statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Requirement 2
AF reports dividends received as investing activities. It reports dividends paid as
a financing activity. Interest received and interest paid are reported as operating
activities. IAS No. 7 allows flexibility, permitting companies to report (a) interest and
dividends received as operating or investing and (b) interest paid as operating or
financing, provided that they are classified consistently from period to period. U.S.
GAAP designates (a) interest payments and interest received as operating cash flows
and (b) dividend payments as financing cash flows and dividends received as
operating cash flows.

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Intermediate Accounting, 7e