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ASWipLL and

AS3010 Systems
Wireless IP-Based Local Loop System
Release 4.6

WipConfig User's Guide

Leading the World in Wireless DSL

The ASWipLL product bears the CE marking. This CE marking demonstrates ASWipLL's full compliance with
applicable European Union (EU) directives:

The ASWipLL product bears the Underwriters Laboratories (UL) marking, demonstrating full compliance with UL's
safety requirements:

The ASWipLL products also bear the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) marking, demonstrating
compliance with FCC Part 15 regulations.

Pub.
01

Date
Apr-03

02
03
04
05

May-03
Jun-03
Jul-03
Oct-03

06
07

Feb-04
Aug-04

Revision Record: WipConfig Users Guide


Update Description
ASWipLL Release 4.1. Author: MD. Updating screens; Formatting based on
Airspan template.
ASWipLL Release 4.1. Author: MD. Updating screens
ASWipLL Release 4.2F. Author: MD. Updating PPR
ASWipLL Release 4.2A. Author: MD. Updating PPR and Transparent Bridging
ASWipLL Rel. 4.2B (SW Ver. 1.4.4.1). Auth: MD. Updates: AutoConnect; Air
Subnet procedure
ASWipLL Rel. 4.4. Auth: MD. Updates: Spectrum Analyzer
Auth.: MD. Updates: "Ltd." replaced with "Inc."; new icons; spectrum analyzer;
frequency tables; Tx power;

Publication No. 06040311-07

Copyright by Airspan Networks Inc., 2004. All rights reserved worldwide.


The information contained in this document is proprietary and is subject to all relevant copyright, patent and other
laws protecting intellectual property, as well as any specific agreement protecting Airspan Networks Inc. rights in
the aforesaid information. Neither this document nor the information contained herein may be published,
reproduced or disclosed to third parties, in whole or in part, without the express, prior, written permission of
Airspan Networks Inc. In addition, any use of this document or the information contained herein for any purposes
other than those for which it was disclosed is strictly forbidden.
Airspan Networks Inc. reserves the right, without prior notice or liability, to make changes in equipment design or
specifications.
Information supplied by Airspan Networks Inc. is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility
is assumed by Airspan Networks Inc. for the use thereof nor for the rights of third parties which may be effected in
any way by the use thereof.
Any representation(s) in this document concerning performance of Airspan Networks Inc. product(s) are for
informational purposes only and are not warranties of future performance, either express or implied. Airspan
Networks Inc. standard limited warranty, stated in its sales contract or order confirmation from, is the only warranty
offered by Airspan Networks Inc. in relation thereto.
This document may contain flaws, omissions or typesetting errors; no warranty is granted nor liability assumed in
relation thereto unless specifically undertaken in Airspan Networks Inc. sales contract or order confirmation.
Information contained herein is periodically updated and changes will be incorporated into subsequent editions. If
you have encountered an error, please notify Airspan Networks Inc. All specifications are subject to change
without prior notice.

Main Operations:
Airspan Communications Ltd.
Cambridge House
Oxford Road
Uxbridge
Middlesex
UB8 1UN
United Kingdom
Tel: (44)-1895 467100
Web site: http//www.airspan.com
Customer Service (TAC): Wipll.tech_support@airspan.com

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WipConfig User's Guide

Contents

Contents
Welcome to WipConfig ........................................................................................ ix
1.

Installing WipConfig ............................................................................... 1-1


1.1. System Requirements........................................................................ 1-1
1.2. Installing WipConfig ........................................................................... 1-2

2.

Getting Started........................................................................................ 2-1


2.1. Starting WipConfig............................................................................. 2-2
2.2. Areas of the WipConfig Window ........................................................ 2-4
2.2.1. Menu Bar............................................................................. 2-4
2.2.2. Toolbar................................................................................ 2-6
2.2.3. Outlook Bar ......................................................................... 2-7
2.2.4. Workspace .......................................................................... 2-8
2.2.5. Status Bar ........................................................................... 2-8
2.3. Changing Login Password ............................................................... 2-10
2.4. Viewing Source of Configuration Data ............................................. 2-11
2.5. Parameter Change Indicator ............................................................ 2-12
2.6. Applying Configuration Settings ....................................................... 2-13
2.6.1. User-Defined ..................................................................... 2-13
2.6.2. Factory Defaults ................................................................ 2-14
2.6.2.1. Full Default Settings............................................ 2-14
2.6.2.2. Protected Default Settings .................................. 2-16
2.7. Working with WipConfig Configuration Files .................................... 2-16
2.7.1. Saving ............................................................................... 2-17
2.7.2. Opening............................................................................. 2-19
2.8. Using WipConfigs Calculator........................................................... 2-20
2.9. Displaying WipConfig s SW Version................................................ 2-21
2.10. Quitting WipConfig......................................................................... 2-22

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3.

WipConfig User's Guide

Connecting to a Device .......................................................................... 3-1


3.1. Overview............................................................................................ 3-2
3.2. Connecting to a Device...................................................................... 3-4
3.2.1. Serial Mode ......................................................................... 3-4
3.2.2. IP Network Mode................................................................. 3-8
3.3. Disconnecting from a Device ........................................................... 3-13

4.

Configuring a BSR.................................................................................. 4-1


4.1. Overview............................................................................................ 4-2
4.2. Configuring ........................................................................................ 4-2

5.

Configuring an SPR................................................................................ 5-1


5.1. Overview............................................................................................ 5-2
5.2. Configuring ........................................................................................ 5-2
5.3. Viewing Statistical Data ..................................................................... 5-8
5.3.1. Defining Polling Rate......................................................... 5-10
5.3.2. Text Display of Statistical Data .......................................... 5-10
5.3.3. Graph Display of Statistical Data ....................................... 5-11

6.

Configuring a Point-to-Point Radio Link............................................... 6-1


6.1. Overview............................................................................................ 6-2
6.2. Configuring the PPR .......................................................................... 6-4
6.3. Configuring the SPR .......................................................................... 6-7

7.

Configuring a BSDU ............................................................................... 7-1


7.1. Overview............................................................................................ 7-1
7.2. Configuring ........................................................................................ 7-4

8.

Configuring Transmit Power.................................................................. 8-1


8.1. Overview............................................................................................ 8-2
8.2. Configuring Power Levels .................................................................. 8-3

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9.

Contents

Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables................................... 9-1


9.1. Overview............................................................................................ 9-1
9.2. Saving Frequency Tables .................................................................. 9-2
9.3. Loading a Frequency Table ............................................................... 9-2

10.

Downloading SW Versions .................................................................. 10-1


10.1. Overview........................................................................................ 10-1
10.2. Downloading .................................................................................. 10-3

11.

Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files .......................................... 11-1


11.1. Overview........................................................................................ 11-1
11.2. Uploading ...................................................................................... 11-2
11.3. Downloading .................................................................................. 11-6

12.

Analyzing RF Spectrums...................................................................... 12-1


12.1. Overview........................................................................................ 12-2
12.2. Operating Guidelines ..................................................................... 12-2
12.3. Licensing the Spectrum Analyzer Feature...................................... 12-4
12.4. Accessing the Spectrum Analyzer.................................................. 12-5
12.5. Areas of the Spectrum Analyzer Window ....................................... 12-6
12.5.1. Menu Bar......................................................................... 12-7
12.5.2. Toolbar ............................................................................ 12-8
12.5.3. Status Bar ....................................................................... 12-8
12.6. Setting Up the Spectrum Analyzer ............................................... 12-10
12.7. Starting and Stopping the Spectrum Analyzer.............................. 12-11
12.8. Spectrum Analyzer Results.......................................................... 12-12
12.8.1. Graph Format ................................................................ 12-12
12.8.1.1. Viewing ........................................................... 12-12
12.8.1.2. Saving............................................................. 12-15
12.8.1.3. Printing............................................................ 12-15

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12.8.2. Table Format ................................................................. 12-16


12.8.2.1. Viewing ........................................................... 12-16
12.8.2.2. Saving............................................................. 12-18
12.8.2.3. Printing............................................................ 12-19
12.8.2.4. Copying to a Text File ..................................... 12-19
12.9. Quitting the Spectrum Analyzer ................................................... 12-20
A.

Glossary ..................................................................................................A-1

B.

Cable Connections .................................................................................B-1

C.

Index........................................................................................................C-1

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Welcome to WipConfig
Airspans WipConfig program is a Windows-based configuration tool designed to
provide quick-and-easy serial RS-232 initial configuration for ASWipLL devices.
These devices include the Base Station Radio (BSR), Point-to-Point Radio (PPR),
Base Station Distribution Unit (BSDU), Subscriber Premises Radio (SPR), and
Indoor Data Radio (IDR).
WipConfig initializes the devices by allowing you to assign initial communication
configuration parameters such as IP addresses, subnet masks, and air MAC
addresses. Once these parameters have been configured, WipConfig allows you to
configure advanced network parameters (e.g. transmission rate mode), by
communicating with the device through an IP network connection.
Thus, WipConfig allows you to configure ASWipLL devices locally through a serial
communication port or remotely through an IP network communication path. The
network communication path, used only after serial configuration has defined a
viable IP address, implements SNMP Get and Set processes.
WipConfig provides real-time display of statistical data such as bit error rate (BER)
and received signal strength (RSSI) at the subscriber site. The RSSI measurements
allows you to accurately position ASWipLL devices for optimum radio signal
reception during installation.
WipConfig also provides a licensed-required Spectrum Analyzer feature that
analyzes RF signal strengths within a user-defined frequency range. This is useful in
identifying "noisy" frequencies, and thereby, selecting alternative "clean"
frequencies for operating ASWipLL devices.
WipConfig allows you to download software versions to ASWipLL devices. In
addition, WipConfig allows you to download and upload NVRAM-stored
configuration settings to and from devices, respectively. This allows you to quickly
and easily apply configuration settings to multiple devices requiring similar
configuration settings.

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Purpose
The purpose of this guide is to describe the WipConfig GUI and provide step-bystep instructions for configuring ASWipLL devices using WipConfig.

Targeted Audience
This guide is intended for the person responsible for performing initial configuration
for the ASWipLL devices. This initial configuration is typically performed at the
factory or at the installation site.

Referenced Documentation
Airspan recommends that you refer to the following documents:
! ASWipLL Hardware Installation Guide: provides a detailed explanation on
installing the ASWipLL devices.
! ASWipLL WipManage User's Guide: provides a detailed description of managing
ASWipLL devices using WipManage.
! ASWipLL System Description: provides an overview of the ASWipLL system.

Organization of this Guide


This guide is organized into the following chapters:
! Chapter 1, "Installing WipConfig": describes the procedure for installing
WipConfig.
! Chapter 2, "Getting Started": provides a description of the WipConfig graphical
user interface (GUI) and provides step-by-step instructions for basic WipConfig
procedures, such as changing login user name and password.
! Chapter 3, "Connecting to a Device": describes the procedure for connecting
WipConfig to an ASWipLL device using either a serial or an IP network
communication mode.

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! Chapter 4, "Configuring a BSR": provides step-by-step instructions for


configuring the BSR.
! Chapter 5, "Configuring an SPR": provides step-by-step instructions for
configuring the SPR. This chapter also describes viewing SPR statistical data
such as RSSI and BER measurements.
! Chapter 6, "Configuring a Point-to-Pont Radio Link": provides step-by-step
instructions for configuring a PPR device and a single SPR device for
establishing a point-to-point radio link.
! Chapter 7, "Configuring a BSDU": provides step-by-step instructions for
configuring a BSDU.
! Chapter 8, "Configuring Transmit Power": provides step-by-step instructions
for configuring radio transmit (Tx) power for BSR and SPR devices.
! Chapter 9, "Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables": provides stepby-step instructions for uploading and downloading NVRAM frequency tables
from and to devices respectively.
! Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions": provides step-by-step instructions
for upgrading ASWipLL devices.
! Chapter 11, "Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files": provides step-bystep instructions for downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to
and from ASWipLL devices resepctively.
! Chapter 12, "Analyzing RF Spectrums": provides step-by-step instructions for
using WipConfig's Spectrum Analyzer module to analyze the received signal
strengths in a user-defined frequency range.
! Appendix A, "Glossary": provides a glossary of terms used in this guide.
! Appendix B, "Cable Connections": provides a description of the cables,
connectors, and pinouts for connecting the PC running WipConfig to the
ASWipLL device.
! Appendix C, "Index"

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Typographical Conventions
This Users Guide uses the following typographical conventions:
Convention

Meaning

Example

Bold

Command and menu names, Click the Next button.


icons, buttons, and fields

Words in parenthesis

Values that you need to type into In the Password field,


fields, and options that you need enter "Wipll".
to select from lists
Note that provides useful information

Customer Service
For service and support, contact your regional Airspan representative, or Airspans
Technical Assistance Center (TAC) at:
E-mail: WipLL.tech_support@Airspan.com
Boca Raton Call Center: (+1)-561-893-8679
UK Call Centre: (+44) 1895 467 467

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1
Installing WipConfig
This chapter describes the procedure for installing WipConfig, and includes the
following sections:
! System Requirements
! Installing WipConfig

1.1. System Requirements


Before installing WipConfig, ensure that the following system requirements are
fulfilled:
! Hardware requirements:
!

Processor Pentium II 450 MHz

RAM 256 MB

Display adapter memory 8 MB

Minimum available hard disk space 6 Gigabits

Network adapter 100 Mbps

! Software Requirements - Operating System:


!

Microsoft Windows NT 4 work station (English only) SP3.0 or higher

Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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1.2. Installing WipConfig


The WipConfig program is supplied on a CD-ROM. It is recommended to quit all
running programs before installing WipConfig on your PC.
To install WipConfig:
1. Insert the WipConfig CD in your CD-ROM drive.
2. On the Windows taskbar, click Start, and then choose Run.
3. Type D:\WIPCONFIG.EXE (where D is the letter of your CD-ROM drive
letter).
4. Click OK.
The setup wizard starts for installing WipConfig.

5. Click Next.

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6. To accept the default destination folder for installing WipConfig, click Next.

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7. Leave "Airspan" as the Program Manager group, and then click Next.

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8. Enter your customer key number (i.e. license), if relevant. This license number
determines the WipConfig features (e.g. Spectrum Analyzer feature) that will be
provided.
Note: The license number is case-sensitive.

9. Click Next.

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10. Click Next to begin the installation.

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When WipConfig completes the installation, the following appears:

11. Click Finish to complete the installation.


The WipConfig shortcut icon is automatically created and placed on your
desktop.

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2
Getting Started
This chapter provides an overview of WipConfigs graphical user interface (GUI),
and provides step-by-step instructions for basic WipConfig procedures.
This chapter includes the following main sections:
! Starting WipConfig
! Areas of the WipConfig Window
! Changing Login Password
! Viewing Source of Configuration Data
! Parameter Change Indicator
! Applying Configuration Settings
! Working with WipConfig Configuration Files
! Using WipConfigs Calculator
! Displaying WipConfig s SW Version
! Quitting WipConfig

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Getting Started

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2.1. Starting WipConfig


Once you have installed WipConfig (see Chapter 1, "Installing WipConfig"), you
can start WipConfig.
To start WipConfig:
1. Activate WipConfig by performing one of the following:
!

From the Windows Start menu, point to Programs, point to Airspan, and
then click WipConfig.

On your desktop, double-click the WipConfig

shortcut icon.

The Login WipConfig dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 2-1: Login WipConfig dialog box

2. In the Name field, enter the login name (default is "Admin").


3. In the Password field, enter your password (default is "Wipll").
Note: The login values are case sensitive. The default login name and
password can be changed once you have logged into WipConfig (see Section
2.3, "Changing Login Password").

4. Click OK.

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WipConfig starts and displays the WipConfig window showing the SPR
Configuration pane, as displayed below.
Menu bar
Toolbar

Outlook bar

Workspace

Status bar
Figure 2-2: WipConfig window
Notes:
1) The Spectrum Analyzer
button appears in the Outlook bar only if you
have an Airspan license for using the Spectrum Analyzer.
2) The Pings button is available only for previous ASWipLL software and
hardware device versions that measure received signal strength (RSS) only
when traffic is generated (i.e. the Pings button creates this required traffic).

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2.2. Areas of the WipConfig Window


The WipConfig window includes the following areas:
! Menu bar
! Toolbar
! Outlook bar
! Workspace
! Status bar

2.2.1. Menu Bar


The WipConfig menu bar and its commands are described in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1: Description of the menu bar

Menu
File

View

2-4

Commands

Description

Open

Opens a previously saved configuration file.

Save

Saves the configuration settings to a file using the current file


name.

Save As

Saves the configuration settings to a file using a user-defined file


name.

Close

Closes all open configuration files.

Exit

Quits WipConfig.

Configuration

Shows the Configuration pane (default pane) and closes all other
panes.

Statistics

Shows the Statistic pane, which displays SPR statistical data such
as RSSI, BER, Tx/Rx bytes, and Tx/Rx packets. This information
is displayed in graph and text formats.

Download/Upload

Displays the Download/Upload pane for downloading software


versions to ASWipLL devices, and downloading and uploading
NVRAM configuration files to and from ASWipLL devices,
respectively.

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Menu

Tools

Getting Started

Commands

Description

Spectrum
Analyzer

(Available only if you have a license) Displays the Spectrum


Analyzer window for analyzing the RF spectrum.

Connect

Connects WipConfig to the ASWipLL device.

Disconnect

Terminates the communication between WipConfig and the


ASWipLL device.

Read

Retrieves configuration parameters from the device and displays


the parameters in the Configuration pane.

Write

Applies the newly defined configuration parameters to the


ASWipLL device. Note that the configuration settings only
become active after you reset the device.

Reset Target

Resets the ASWipLL device.

Set Factory
Default

Applies factory default configuration settings to the device.

Set Protected
Default

Applies only certain factory default configuration settings to the


device. Parameters necessary for network communications (e.g.
IP address) are not applied to the device.

Communication

Defines certain communication parameters according to the


selected protocol:
Network: defines SNMP communication parameters such as
timeout
Serial: defines the serial port

Select
Communication
Protocol

Selects the communication protocol for connecting WipConfig to


the ASWipLL device:
IP: for IP network (SNMP), or
Serial: RS-232 (cable) communication

Frequency Tables

Allows you to perform the following:


Load Table: downloads a frequency table from the PC to the
device
Save Table: saves a device's frequency table to a folder on the
PC

Security

User
Administration

Allows you to change WipConfig s login user name and


password.

Help

About

Displays the version number of the WipConfig that you are


currently using.

Index

Contents and help index

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2.2.2. Toolbar
The WipConfig toolbar, described in Table 2-2, contains buttons for commonly used
tasks.
Table 2-2: Description of toolbar buttons

Button

Name

Description

Open File

Opens a previously saved configuration file.

Save File

Saves the configuration settings to a file using the current file name.

Connect

Connects WipConfig to the ASWipLL device.

Disconnect

Terminates the communication between WipConfig and the


ASWipLL device.

Write

Applies the defined configuration parameters to the ASWipLL


device. Note that the configuration settings become active only after
you reset the device.

Read

Retrieves the ASWipLL devices configuration parameters and


displays them in the Configuration pane.

Reset

Resets the ASWipLL device.

Set Factory
Default

Applies factory default configuration settings to the device.

Set Protected
Defaults

Applies only certain factory default configuration settings to the


device. Parameters necessary for network communications (e.g. the
devices IP address) are not applied to the device.

Help

Displays WipConfigs Online Help.

Note: The availability of each toolbar button depends on the WipConfig


pane in which you are currently working (i.e. Configuration, Statistic,
Download/Upload, or Calculator panes).

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2.2.3. Outlook Bar


The outlook bar contains two tabs: WipConfig and Util. Each tab contains
command buttons that display a specific pane. To access the commands of each tab,
simply click the desired tab, and then click the required command. The outlook bar
is described in the table below.
Table 2-3: Description of the outlook bar

Tab
WipConfig

Until

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Button

Name

Description

Configuration

Displays the BSR, SPR, or BSDU Configuration


pane.

Statistics

Displays the Statistic pane, showing various


statistical data. (Only for SPR, and when connected
to SPR through an IP network connection.)

Download /
Upload

Displays the Download/Upload pane for


downloading software versions to devices, and for
downloading and uploading configuration files to
and from devices, respectively.

Power Settings

Displays the Power Settings pane that allows you to


configure radio transmit power level.

Spectrum
Analyzer

(Available only if you have a license) Displays the


Spectrum Analyzer window for analyzing the RF
spectrum.

Calculator

Displays the Calculator pane, showing a calculator


for calculating certain parameters such as subnet
masks.

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2.2.4. Workspace
The workspace is the area where you define and view configuration parameters. The
workspace displays a specific pane depending on the connected device and the
activated command in the outlook bar. Table 2-4 describes the workspace panes.
Table 2-4: Description of WipConfig's workspace panes

Pane

Displayed when

SPR Configuration

WipConfig connects to an SPR (or IDR).

BSR Configuration

WipConfig connects to a BSR (or PPR).

BSDU Configuration

WipConfig connects to a BSDU.

Statistic
You click the Statistics

button in the Outlook bar.

Download/Upload
You click the Download/Upload

button in the Outlook bar.

Power Settings
You click the Power Settings
Spectrum Analyzer

button in the Outlook bar.

button in the Outlook bar


You click the Spectrum Analyzer
(available only if you have a license for the Spectrum Analyzer).

Calculator
You click the Calculator

button in the Outlook bar.

2.2.5. Status Bar


The status bar (see Figure 2-3), located at the bottom of the WipConfig window,
displays the following information:
! Message describing the current action or result
! Software version of the ASWipLL device to which WipConfig is connected
! Connection status between WipConfig and the device (green indicates
connected; red indicates disconnected)

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Message
display

Getting Started

ASWipLL device
SW version

Connection status
indicator

Figure 2-3: WipConfig status bar

Table 2-5 describes the WipConfig messages that may appear in the status bar.
Table 2-5: Description of the WipConfig messages

Message

Meaning

"Try to Connect"

WipConfig is attempting to connect to a device. This is after you click


the Connect button.

"Connected"

WipConfig is connected to the targeted ASWipLL device.

"Can not Connect"

WipConfig was unable to connect to the ASWipLL device.

"Disconnected"

WipConfig is not connected to the targeted ASWipLL device.

"Reading Data"

WipConfig is retrieving configuration data from the ASWipLL device.


This occurs after you click Read or Connect.

"Reading Data Failed"

WipConfig was unable to retrieve devices configuration data.

"Reading Finished"

WipConfig has successfully completed retrieving configuration


parameters from the targeted device. These parameters are displayed in
the Configuration pane.

"Writing Data"

WipConfig is applying the configuration settings to the device. This


appears after you click Write.

"Writing Data Success"

WipConfig succeeded in applying configuration settings to the device.

"Writing Data Failed"

WipConfig failed to apply configuration settings to the device.

"Write Data Error"

WipConfig attempted to apply configuration settings to the device, but


was unsuccessful due to invalid parameters.

"Target Unreachable"

WipConfig attempted to read/write to a connected device, but was


unsuccessful.

"Saved to the File"

WipConfig successfully saved the configuration settings to a file.

"Error Save to File"

WipConfig could not save the configuration settings to a file.

"Reset"

WipConfig performed a device reset (i.e. the Reset button was clicked).

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2.3. Changing Login Password


WipConfig allows you to change the login user name and password for logging into
WipConfig.
To change the WipConfig login user name and password:
1. From the Security menu, choose User Administration.
The Password dialog box appears, as displayed in Figure 2-4.

Figure 2-4: Password dialog box

2. In the Enter New User Name field, type the new user name.
3. In the Password field, type the new password.
4. In the Confirm Password field, type once again the new password that you
entered in Step 3.
5. Click OK.
Notes:
1) The user name and password are case-sensitive.
2) The default user name is "Admin"; the default password is "Wipll".

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2.4. Viewing Source of Configuration Data


WipConfig displays the name of the source from where it retrieved configuration
data displayed in the Configuration pane. Table 2-6 describes the types of sources.
Table 2-6: Sources from where configuration parameters can be retrieved

Displayed

Description of data source

"TARGET"

Configuration data retrieved from device to which WipConfig is connected.

Path and file name

Configuration data retrieved from a configuration file located on the PC. The
file's extension name indicates the type of device for which the configuration
parameters are valid: *.bsr (BSR), *.spr (SPR), and *.bdu (BSDU).

Figure 2-5 displays an example of data retrieved from an ASWipLL device.

Data
retrieved
from device

Figure 2-5: Data source is "TARGET" (i.e. data retrieved from an ASWipLL device)

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2.5. Parameter Change Indicator


When you modify a configuration parameter in WipConfig, an asterisk (*) appears
alongside the Data Source field in the Configuration pane, as displayed in the figure
below. This asterisk indicates that the modified parameter(s) has yet to be applied
(by clicking the Write button) to the ASWipLL device (or saved to a file). When
you apply (write) the parameter to the device, the asterisk disappears.

Asterisk

Figure 2-6: Asterisk indicating modified parameter not yet applied or saved

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2.6. Applying Configuration Settings


WipConfig allows you to apply either user-defined or factory default configuration
settings to the ASWipLL device.

2.6.1. User-Defined
The following procedure describes how to apply user-defined configuration
parameters to the device.
To apply user-defined configuration parameters:
1. From the Tools menu, choose Write,
-OrOn the toolbar, click the Write

button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device, indicated by the "Writing
data to target success" message displayed in the status bar.
2. From the Tools menu, choose Reset Target to reset the ASWipLL device,
-OrOn the toolbar, click the Reset

button.

A Warning message box appears.

Figure 2-7: Warning message box for resetting device

3. Click Yes to reset the device.

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2.6.2. Factory Defaults


WipConfig allows you to apply factory-defined default configuration settings to the
device. You can apply one of two variations of factory defaults to devices:
! Full default settings: all factory defaults are applied to the device
! Protected default settings: only certain factory default configuration values are
applied, while others are retained (protected)

2.6.2.1. Full Default Settings


When you apply full default settings, all previous settings are deleted and replaced
with factory default values, as listed in the table below.
Table 2-7: Full factory defaults

Parameter

Value

IP addresses:
BSR/PPR

10.0.0.10

SPR/IDR

10.0.0.20

BSDU

10.0.0.5

Subnet mask

255.255.255.240

Default gateway address

0.0.0.0

Get Community string

Public

Set community string

Private

Mode (bridge/router)

Router

Air subnet

Not Economical (according to RFC 1918, i.e.


ranging from 192.168.0.0)

Warnings:
1) When you apply factory default settings, all previous configurations are
deleted such as NVRAM frequency tables and QoS settings (defined using
WipManage).
2) If you apply default settings while connected to the device through the
network mode, WipConfig may loose IP network connection to the device due
to configuration change.

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To apply full factory default configuration settings to the device:


1. On the toolbar, click the Set Factory Default

button.

A Warning message box appears.

Figure 2-8: Warning message box for setting defaults

2. Click Yes to confirm applying factory defaults to the device.


The device is set to factory default and a warning message box appears,
requesting you to confirm device reset.

Figure 2-9: Warning message box for resetting device

3. Click Yes to reset the device with default settings.


All the factory default configuration settings are applied to the device.

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2.6.2.2. Protected Default Settings


When you apply protected default settings, parameters crucial to the devices
network communication such as IP address are retained.
To apply protected default settings:
1. From the Tools menu, choose Set Protected Default.
-OrOn the toolbar, click the Set Protected Default

button.

Figure 2-10: Warning message box for setting protected defaults

2. Click Yes to confirm applying protected defaults.

2.7. Working with WipConfig Configuration


Files
WipConfig allows you to save configuration settings entered in WipConfig, and then
later open them and apply them to another device. The configuration file includes all
the configuration parameters that are defined in WipConfig. This allows you to
easily and quickly apply identical configuration settings to multiple ASWipLL
devices.
Note: The configuration files mentioned in this section refers to parameters
defined in WipConfig. The configuration files discussed in Chapter 11,
"Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files", refer to the parameters that are
located in the device's NVRAM.

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2.7.1. Saving
WipConfig allows you to save your configuration settings to a file on your PC.
Saving configuration files allows you to later use these same configuration settings
for other devices.
The table below describes the file extensions with which WipConfig saves
configuration settings.
Table 2-8: Configuration file names per device

ASWipLL device

Configuration file name

BSR

*.bsr

SPR

*.spr

BSDU

*.bdu

To save configuration settings to a file:


1. From the File menu, choose Save.
The Save As dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 2-11: Saving a configuration file

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2. Browse to the folder in which you want to save the file.


3. In the File Name field, enter the name of the file.
4. From the Save as Type drop-down list, select the relevant extension for the file
name.
5. Click Save.
The status bar displays "Saved to the File", and the Data Source field displays
the file name and path, as displayed in Figure 2-12.

Saved
configuration
file

File saved
message

Figure 2-12: Status Bar and Data Source display when saving a file

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2.7.2. Opening
WipConfig allows you to open a previously saved configuration file on your PC, and
then apply the configurations to a device.
To open a configuration file:
1. From the File menu, choose Open. The Open (e.g. BPR) Configuration File
dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 2-13: Open (device type) Configuration File dialog box

2. From the Look In drop-down list, browse to the folder in which the file is
located.
3. From the Files of Type drop-down list, select the type of file that you want to
open. The Open Configuration File dialog box displays the selected folder listing
all the requested file types.
4. Select the desired file, and then click Open.
WipConfig displays the configuration file's parameter settings in the workspace.

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2.8. Using WipConfigs Calculator


WipConfig provides you with a calculator for calculating certain parameters such as
Air MAC address.
To activate the calculator:
1. From the outlook bar, click the Util tab.
2. Click the Calculator

icon.

The Calculator pane appears, as displayed in Figure 2-14.

Figure 2-14: Calculator pane

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To close the Calculator pane and return to the Configuration pane:


1. From the outlook bar, click the WipConfig tab.
2. Click the Configuration

icon (or any other button in the outlook bar).

2.9. Displaying WipConfig s SW Version


WipConfig allows you to view the current WipConfig software version running on
your PC, as well as the ASWipLL release for which this WipConfig version is
relevant.
To display WipConfigs software version:
From the Help menu, choose About.
The About window appears, displaying WipConfig s software version number,
as displayed below.

Figure 2-15: About WipConfig window

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2.10. Quitting WipConfig


The following procedure describes quitting WipConfig.
To quit WipConfig:
! From the File menu, choose Exit.
Note: If you modified parameters without writing them to the device, and
choose Exit, a warning message box appears informing you that parameters
have not been applied to the device.

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Connecting to a Device
This chapter describes the procedures for connecting and disconnecting WipConfig
to and from the ASWipLL device.
This chapter includes the following sections:
! Overview
! Connecting to a Device
!

Serial Mode

IP Network Mode

! Disconnecting from a Device


Note: For connecting the cables for serial and IP network communications
between the PC running WipConfig and the ASWipLL device, see Appendix B,
"Cable Connections".

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3.1. Overview
WipConfig can communicate with a device through either a serial or an IP network
communication mode. Typically, you first connect WipConfig to the device through
a serial mode to define initial parameters such as IP address. Only once you have
configured initial parameters (that ensure IP connectivity to the device), can you
connect WipConfig to the device through a network mode.
When WipConfig connects to an ASWipLL device, the WipConfig window displays
the following (as displayed in Figure 3-1):
! Configuration pane:
!

The displayed pane title indicates the ASWipLL device to which WipConfig
is connected (i.e. "SPR Configuration", "BSR Configuration", or "BSDU
Configuration")
Note: When connecting to a PPR device and an IDR device, the titles
displayed are "BSR Configuration" and SPR Configuration", respectively.

Data Source field displays "TARGET", indicating that the configuration


settings displayed in the Configuration pane are retrieved from the
ASWipLL device

Configuration fields display the ASWipLL devices configuration settings


that WipConfig retrieves (reads) from the device

! Status bar displays the following:

3-2

"Reading finished"

Devices software version number (i.e. "Target Version <software


version>")

Connection icon appears green

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Configuration panes
title (e.g. "BSR")

Message

Devices SW version

Data Source displaying


"TARGET"

Green icon

Figure 3-1: Indications when WipConfig connects to an ASWipLL device

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3.2. Connecting to a Device


You can connect WipConfig to the ASWipLL device through one of the following
communication modes:
! Serial (RS-232)
! IP network (using SNMP)

3.2.1. Serial Mode


Connecting WipConfig to a device through a serial mode allows you to initialize an
unconfigured device. This is typically performed at the factory or at the installation
site.
To connect WipConfig to an ASWipLL device by serial communication mode:
1. Ensure the PC running WipConfig is connected to the ASWipLL device through
a serial cable connection.
2. Select the serial communication mode by performing one of the following:
!

From the Tools menu, choose Select Communication Protocol, click the
icon, and then click OK, as displayed below.
Serial

Figure 3-2: Select Communication Protocol dialog box


!

3-4

On the toolbar, in the Communication group, select the Serial option.

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In the Communication group, the Serial option is selected, as displayed in


Figure 3-3.

Serial option
selected

Figure 3-3: Serial option selected in the Communication group

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3. To select the PC's serial port used in the cable connection, perform the
following:
a. From the Tools menu, point to Communication, and then choose Serial.
The Serial Configuration dialog box appears, as displayed in Figure 3-4.

Figure 3-4: Serial Configuration dialog box

b. Using the up and down arrows, select a serial port, and then click OK.
4. Connect to the device by performing either of the following:
!

From the Tools menu, choose Connect.

On the toolbar, click the Connect

button.

WipConfig connects to the ASWipLL device (see Figure 3-5.)

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Figure 3-5: WipConfig connected to ASWipLL device (e.g. BSR) through serial mode
Note: Unavailable fields in the serial mode are available only when WipConfig
connects to the ASWipLL device through a network communication mode.

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3.2.2. IP Network Mode


Connecting WipConfig to a device through an IP network mode allows you to
configure advanced network parameters such as air subnet addresses and maximum
transmission rate mode. Before you can connect to a device through an IP network
communication mode, the device must have an IP address (configured using the
serial mode) that provides IP connectivity to WipConfig. Thus, before connecting to
the device, ensure that the PC running WipConfig provides IP connectivity to the
device.
Note: You can connect WipConfig through an IP network communication
mode to an SPR via the BSR. However, during installation, Airspan
recommends connecting the PC (running WipConfig) to each device (i.e. SPR)
through a direct local network connection in which the PC's LAN port is
connected to the device through the SDA to which the device is connected.
This is especially important when configuring air subnet addresses. In such an
IP network connection setup, loss of communication with remote units (i.e.
SPR) through the BSR is avoided.

The figure below displays a PC (running WipConfig) connected to an SPR through a


local network connection. Instead of connecting to the SPR through a BSR, the PC
connects directly to the SDA to which the SPR is connected.

Figure 3-6: Example of WipConfig-to-SPR local network cabling

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To connect WipConfig to an ASWipLL device through an IP communication


mode:
1. Ensure that the PC running WipConfig has IP connectivity to the ASWipLL
device.
2. Select the IP communication mode by performing one of the following:
!

From the Tools menu, choose Select Communication Protocol, click the IP
icon, and then click OK, as displayed in Figure 3-2.

Figure 3-7: Select Communication Protocol dialog box


!

On the toolbar, in the Communication group, select the Network option.

In the Communication group, the Network option is selected, and the Remote
Agent and Set Community fields appear, as displayed in Figure 3-3.

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Network option
selected

SNMP agent
IP address

SNMP Set
community rights

Figure 3-8: WipConfig window displaying IP network parameters

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3. Enter the following SNMP fields:


!

Remote Agent: ASWipLL device's IP address

Set Community: SNMP write community rights (e.g. private or public)

4. From the Tools menu, point to Communication, and then choose Network.
The SNMP Protocol Preferences dialog box appears, as displayed in Figure 3-9.

Figure 3-9: SNMP Protocol Preferences dialog box

5. To define the SNMP parameter preferences, enter the following fields:


!

Timeout: time (in seconds) WipConfig waits for a response from the device
after sending a request to the device. Each time the timeout value is reached
and no response is received, WipConfig retransmits its request. The number
of times that WipConfig retransmits requests is according to the value
defined in the Number of Retransmits field.

Number of Retransmits: maximum number of times WipConfig retransmits


requests to the ASWipLL device after the timeout value is reached without
receiving a response from the ASWipLL device.

6. Click OK.
7. Connect to the device by performing either of the following:
!

From the Tools menu, choose Connect.

On the toolbar, click the Connect

button.

WipConfig connects to the ASWipLL device as shown in Figure 3-10.

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Figure 3-10: WipConfig connected to ASWipLL device (e.g. BSR) via Network mode

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3.3. Disconnecting from a Device


You can disconnect WipConfig from the ASWipLL device using the Disconnect
command.
To disconnect WipConfig from an ASWipLL device:
! From the Tools menu, choose Disconnect,
-OrOn the toolbar, click the Disconnect

button.

Note: If you try disconnect WipConfig from the device before applying
modified configuration settings, a message appears notifying you to apply the
new settings.

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When WipConfig disconnects from a device, the status bar displays the
"Disconnected" message and a red-colored connection icon, as shown below.

Loss of connection message

Red-colored icon

Figure 3-11: WipConfig disconnected from ASWipLL device

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Configuring a BSR
This chapter describes the procedures for configuring BSR parameters, and includes
the following main sections:
! Overview
! Configuring

Notes:
1) For configuring the BSR's transmit power, see Chapter 8, "Configuring
Transmit Power".
2) For saving and loading frequency tables for a BSR, see Chapter 9, " Saving
and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables".
3) For upgrading a BSR, see Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions".
4) For downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from the
BSR, see Chapter 11, " Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files".
5) For spectrum analysis at the BSR, see Chapter 12, Analyzing RF
Spectrum".
6) BSR procedures mentioned in this chapter are also applicable for PPR
devices. For unique PPR configuration, see Chapter 6, "Configuring a Point-toPoint Radio Link".

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4.1. Overview
The Base Station Radio (BSR) is the ASWipLL outdoor radio transceiver located at
the Base Station providing radio communication with subscriber sites. The BSR
typically interfaces with the service provider's backbone through the BSDU.
WipConfig allows you to configure the following main BSR configuration
parameters:
! IP and subnet mask address
! Default gateway
! SNMP Get and Set community strings
! Air MAC address
! Frequency table index number that is used for BSR-SPR radio communication
! Maximum transmission rate mode
! Synchronization (for a detailed explanation on synchronization, see Chapter 7,
"Configuring a BSDU" )
! Air subnet address scheme
! VLAN ID for SNMP management
! VLAN policy for IP routing, bridging, and PPPoE traffic

4.2. Configuring
The following procedure describes how to configure the BSR.
To configure the BSR:
1. Connect WipConfig to the BSR. WipConfig connects to the BSR, showing the
retrieved BSR's configuration settings in the BSR Configuration pane, as
displayed in Figure 4-1.

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Figure 4-1: BSR Configuration pane

2. To change the BSR's mode from IP routing to transparent bridging or vice versa,
perform the following:
a. Set the BSR to factory default settings (see Chapter 2, "Getting Started").
b. From the Mode drop-down list, select the desired mode for the BSR: Bridge
(i.e. transparent bridging) or Router (i.e. IP routing).

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3. To configure the BSR's IP addressing schemes, in the Network Configuration


group, enter the following fields:
!

Eth IP Address: BSR's IP address

Eth Subnet Mask: BSRs subnet mask

Default Gateway: BSR's default gateway's IP address

4. In the Management Configuration group, define the SNMP community strings


in the following fields:
!

Get Community: read community string (default is public)

Set Community: write community string (default is private)

5. To configure the radio parameters, in the RF Configuration group, enter the


following fields:

4-4

Air MAC Address: unique Air MAC address of the BSR. Valid range is
0x0000 through 0xFFFF.

Frequency Table ID: frequency table used by the BSR for communicating
with SPRs. Valid range is 0 through 63.

Max Rate Mode: maximum transmission rate mode in megabits per second
(Mbps).

Sync Enabled: enables synchronization between BSRs at a Base Station.


This synchronization is controlled by the BSDU and is based on frequency
hopping using the frequencies in the frequency table used for BSR-SPR
wireless communication (for a detailed explanation, see Section 4.1,
"Overview").

Phase: defines the starting transmission frequency for BSR synchronization


using frequency hopping. The phase represents the index number of a
frequency listed in the frequency table the BSR uses to communicate with
the SPRs. Whenever the BSR receives a synchronization signal (pulse) from
the BSDU, the BSR hops the transmitted data on to this frequency. Valid
range is 1 - 96.

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6. To change the BSRs Air subnet address, in the Air Subnet group, perform the
following:
a. From the New Scheme drop-down list, select Economical or Not
Economical.
The scheme is the type of Air subnet addressing (Economical or Not
Economical) for the BSR's port involved in the wireless connection with the
BSR. The Economical mode increases the flexibility of ASWipLL. It allows
efficient use of IP addresses in the users network and often eliminates the
need for changing IP addresses in a pre-existing network. A user with private
IP addresses from the range of 192.168.0.0 does not need to change IP
addresses on the network when installing ASWipLL hardware.
The Economical mode provides the subnet address 255.255.255.252,
therefore, providing a total of four IP addresses, where only two of the
addresses can be used for ASWipLL devices: one for the SPR and one for
the BSR.
The Not Economical mode provides Class C subnetting for all the BSRs.
This means that 254 addresses are available to choose for one BSR. Thus,
many addresses are "wasted" (not used).
b. In the New Base field, enter the new air subnet address.
7. To define VLAN policy, in the VLAN Configuration group for IP Routing /
Transparent Bridging and PPPoE Bridging groups, select one of the following
options:
!

Pass Any: passes all packets

Drop 802.1Q: discards all VLAN traffic

8. To enable SNMP management through a VLAN, in the VLAN Configuration


group for IP Routing and Transparent Bridging, in the Management group,
perform the following:
a. Select the Enabled check box.
b. In the VLAN ID field, enter the VLAN for BSR SNMP traffic.

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c. From the Priority drop-down list, select the priority level for traffic flowing
through the management VLAN.
9. On the toolbar, click the Write

button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device.


10. On the toolbar, click the Reset

button to reset the device.

A Warning message box appears.


11. Click Yes to reset the device.
Notes:
1) The Pings button and the Voice Enabled field are not relevant for this
ASWipLL release.
2) The following fields are available only when you connect WipConfig to
the BSR through a network communication mode: Max Rate Mode, Sync.
Enabled, Voice Enabled, Phase, and Air Subnet fields.
3) For devices with previous software versions that support only IP routing (i.e.
not transparent bridging), the Mode field displays Not Supported.
4) For the Air MAC address, Airspan recommends using only the most
significant bytes (MSB), i.e. the two left-most bytes, and not the least significant
bytes (LSB), i.e. the right-most bytes. For example, a typical air MAC address
would be "AB00", where the zeros represent the LSB.
5) Frequency tables 0 through 31 are stored in the device's ROM; Frequency
tables 32 through 63 are stored in the NVRAM and are configurable. For
defining the NVRAM frequency tables, refer to the WipManage User's Guide.
6) The Phase field is available only if you select the Sync Enabled field.
7) When you apply the Air Subnet parameters to the ASWipLL device by
clicking the Write button, the Current Base and Current Scheme fields
display the new settings.
8) The fields of the Management group are available only if you select the
Pass Any option.

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Configuring an SPR
This chapter describes the procedures for configuring an SPR, and includes the
following main sections:
! Overview
! Configuring
! Viewing Statistical Information
Notes:
1) For configuring the SPR's transmit power, see Chapter 8, "Configuring
Transmit Power".
2) For saving and loading frequency tables for an SPR, see Chapter 9, "
Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables".
3) For upgrading an SPR, see Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions".
4) For downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from an
SPR, see Chapter 11, " Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files".
5) For spectrum analysis at the BSR, see Chapter 12, Analyzing RF
Spectrum".
6) All SPR procedures mentioned in this chapter are also applicable for IDR
devices.

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5.1. Overview
The Subscriber Premises Radio (SPR) is an ASWipLL outdoor radio transceiver
located at the subscriber site, providing radio communication with the Base Station
(i.e. BSR). The SPR interfaces with the subscriber's LAN network through the
ASWipLL SDA.
WipConfig allows you to configure the following basic SPR parameters:
! IP and subnet mask address
! Default gateway
! SNMP Get and Set community strings
! SPR index number associated with BSR (with which SPR communicates)
! Air MAC address of BSR with which SPR communicates
! Maximum transmission rate mode
! AutoConnect (if licensed)
! Air subnet address scheme
! VLAN ID for SNMP management
! VLAN policy for IP routing, bridging, and PPPoE traffic

5.2. Configuring
The following procedure describes how to configure an SPR.
To configure the SPR:
1. Connect WipConfig to the SPR.
WipConfig connects to the SPR, showing the retrieved SPR's configuration
settings in the SPR Configuration pane, as displayed in Figure 5-1.

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Figure 5-1: WipConfig connected to SPR showing SPR Configuration pane

2. To change the SPR's mode from IP routing to transparent bridging or vice versa,
perform the following:
a. Set the SPR to factory default settings (see Chapter 2, "Getting Started").
b. From the Mode drop-down list, select the desired mode for the SPR: Bridge
(i.e. transparent bridging) or Router (i.e. IP routing).

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3. To configure the SPR's IP addressing scheme, in the Network Configuration


group, enter the following fields:
!

Eth IP Address: SPR's IP address

Eth Subnet Mask: SPR's subnet mask address

Default Gateway: SPR's default gateway

4. To configure SNMP community strings, in the Management Configuration


group, enter the following fields:
!

Get Community: read community string (default value is public)

Set Community: write community string (default value is private)

5. To configure RF parameters, in the RF Configuration group, enter the


following fields:
!

Index in BSR: unique SPR identity within BSR. Valid ranges are from 2
through 127.

BSR Air MAC Address: BSRs Air MAC address to which the SPR is
associated (valid range is between 0x0000 through 0xFFFF).

Max Rate Mode: maximum transmission speed mode in megabits per


second (Mbps).

AutoConnect: select the check box if you want to configure SPR for
AutoConnect.

6. To configure the Air subnet address, in the Air Subnet group, perform the
following:
a. From the New Scheme drop-down list, select Economical or Not
Economical.
The scheme is the type of Air subnet addressing (Economical or Not
Economical) for the SPR's port involved in the wireless connection with the
BSR. The Economical mode increases the flexibility of ASWipLL. It allows
efficient use of IP addresses in the users network and often eliminates the
need for changing IP addresses in a pre-existing network. A user with private

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IP addresses from the range of 192.168.0.0 does not need to change IP


addresses on the network when installing ASWipLL hardware.
The Economical mode provides the subnet address 255.255.255.252,
therefore, providing a total of four IP addresses, where only two of the
addresses can be used for ASWipLL devices: one for the SPR and one for
the BSR.
The Not Economical mode provides Class C subnetting for all the SPRs.
This means that 254 addresses are available to choose for one SPR. Thus,
many addresses are "wasted" (i.e. not used).
b. In the New Base field, enter the new air subnet address.
7. In the VLAN Configuration group for IP Routing and Transparent Bridging,
select one of the following VLAN filtering schemes:
!

Pass Any: passes all Ethernet packets

Drop 802.1Q: discards all VLAN traffic

Tag/Untag: SPR tags all Ethernet packets received from the subscriber's
network, with a user-defined VLAN ID before sending to BSR. The SPR
accepts only Ethernet packets from the BSR with the user-defined VLAN ID,
untags them into Ethernet packets, and then passes them to the subscriber's
network. To define the VLAN ID, enter the following fields:
a. In the VLAN ID field, enter the VLAN ID for tagging and untagging IP
packets between the SPR's Ethernet network and the BSR.
b. From the Priority drop-down list, select the priority level for traffic
flowing through the VLAN defined in the VLAN ID field.

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8. To configure SNMP management through a VLAN, in the VLAN


Configuration group for IP Routing and Transparent Bridging, in the
Management group, perform the following:
a. Select the Enabled check box.
b. In the VLAN ID field, enter the VLAN for SNMP management.
c. From the Priority drop-down list, select the priority level for traffic flowing
through the management VLAN.
9. In the VLAN Configuration group for PPPoE Bridging, select one of the
following VLAN filtering schemes:
!

Pass Any: passes all Ethernet packets.

Drop 802.1Q: discards all VLAN traffic.

Tag/Untag: SPR tags all Ethernet packets received from the subscriber's
network, with a user-defined VLAN ID before sending to BSR. The SPR
accepts only Ethernet packets from the BSR with the user-defined VLAN ID,
untags them into Ethernet packets, and then passes them to the subscriber's
network.
To define the Tag/Untag VLAN ID, enter the following fields:
a. In the VLAN ID field, enter the VLAN ID for tagging and untagging IP
packets between the SPR's Ethernet network and the BSR.
b. From the Priority drop-down list, select the priority level for traffic
flowing through the management VLAN.

10. On the toolbar, click the Write

button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device.

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11. On the toolbar, click the Reset

button to reset the device.

A Warning message box appears.


12. Click Yes to reset the device.
Notes:
1) The Pings button is not relevant for this ASWipLL release.
2) The Max Rate Mode field and Air Subnet group fields are available only
when WipConfig connects to the device through a network communication
mode.
3) For devices with previous software versions that support only IP routing (i.e.
not transparent bridging), the Bridge Mode field displays Not Supported.
4) For Air MAC addresses, Airspan recommends using only the most
significant bytes (MSB), i.e. the two left-most bytes, and not the least significant
bytes (LSB), i.e. the right-most bytes. For example, a typical Air MAC address
would be "AB00", where the zeros represent the LSB.
5) The transmission speed must be identical for the SPR and BSR to establish
a viable link.
6) The AutoConnect check box is available only if the SPRs software version
supports AutoConnect (i.e. licensed is obtained for AutoConnect feature).
7) If you configure the SPR for AutoConnect (i.e. the AutoConnect check box
is selected), ignore all other configuration parameters. When the SPR connects
to a BSR using AutoConnect, the BSR assigns the configuration parameters to
the SPR.
8) The Air Subnet address must be the same for the SPR and BSR. When you
apply the new Air Subnet parameters to the ASWipLL device by clicking the
Write button, the Current Base and Current Scheme fields display the new
settings.
9) The fields of the Management group are available only if you select the
Pass Any or Tag/Untag options.

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5.3. Viewing Statistical Data


WipConfig allows you to view various SPR statistical data. This data includes
number of packets transmitted and received, received signal strength (RSSI), and bit
error rate (BER). These measurements provide indications of the link quality
between the BSR and SPR. Some of these measurements are displayed in graph
format while others in text format.
To view statistical information:
1. In the outlook bar, click the WipConfig tab.
2. Click the Statistics

button.

The Statistic pane appears, as displayed in Figure 5-2.

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Counters
group
showing
Tx/Rx bytes
and packets

BER graph

RSSI graph
Figure 5-2: Statistics pane

The Association Status field indicates the SPR connection status with the BSR:
!

Active: a link exists with the BSR

Acquisition: no link with BSR

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5.3.1. Defining Polling Rate


WipConfig allows you to define the polling rate for polling the SPR for statistical
data.
To define the polling rate:
! In the Polling Interval field, select a polling rate (in seconds).
Note: The recommended minimum polling rate is five seconds.

5.3.2. Text Display of Statistical Data


The Statistic pane displays the following statistical data in text-format in the
Counters group:
! Tx Packets: number of packets transmitted
! Tx Bytes: number of bytes transmitted
! Rx Packets: number of packets received
! Rx Bytes: number of bytes received
WipConfig allows you to select one of the following two options for displaying this
data:
! Accumulative: displays a summation of the values (i.e. from the beginning until
present). The Accumulative option also allows you to select the following
offsets for the value display:
!

Set Offset

button: enables you to reset the counters to zero.

Reset Offset
button: displays the current accumulated value from when
WipConfig connected to the SPR.

! Value per Sec: displays the values per second

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5.3.3. Graph Display of Statistical Data


The Statistic pane displays the following two graphs:
! RSSI per Time: real-time display of received signal strength indication (RSSI).
This measurement allows you to orientate the SPR device to the position where
the strongest RF signals are received from the BSR.
! BER per Time: bit error rate (BER) collected over pre-defined durations. BER
is the percentage of bits with errors divided by the total number of bits that have
been transmitted, received or processed over a given time period. The rate is
typically expressed as 10 to the negative power. For example, four erroneous bits
out of 100,000 bits transmitted would be expressed as 4 x 10-5 (or 4E-5).
The graphs provide a toolbar with commands that allow you to perform various
display options. Table 5-1 describes the buttons on the graph toolbar.
Table 5-1: Graph toolbar description

Button

Name

Description

Zoom In

Zooms in to display a close-up view of the graph

Zoom Out

Zooms out to display more of the graph at a reduced size

Zoom Default

Returns the graph display to default view (i.e. 100% zoom)

Clear

Deletes the plotted graph, and then starts plotting the graph again.

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6
Configuring a PointPoint - toto - Point
Radio Link
This chapter describes the procedures for configuring a PPR device and an SPR
device, which are implemented in a point-to-point radio (PPR) link.
This chapter contains the following main sections:
! Overview
! Configuring a PPR
! Configuring an SPR

Notes:
1) For configuring the transmit power, see Chapter 8, "Configuring
Transmit Power".
2) For saving and loading frequency tables, see Chapter 9, " Saving and
Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables".
3) For upgrading devices, see Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions".
4) For downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from a
device, see Chapter 11, " Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files".
6) All SPR procedures mentioned in this chapter are also applicable for IDR
devices.

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6.1. Overview
WipConfig enables you to configure an ASWipLL Point-to-Point Radio (PPR)
device and its associated SPR device, which are implemented in a point-to-point
radio link. The PPR provides a secure point-to-point wireless link with a single
remote SPR/IDR.
The PPR can deliver up to 4 Mbps using a 1.33 MHz channel, and is fully packetbased. If more than 4 Mbps bandwidth is required between two end points, two or
more point-to-point radio links can be established in parallel. For two links,
ASWipLL uses IP routing: one link routes IP traffic in the uplink; and another link
routes IP traffic in the downlink. A third link can be added to bridge mainly PPPoE
traffic in uplink and downlink.
The PPR device is similar to the BSR in that it performs IP routing and PPPoE
bridging, transparent bridging, and all the other BSR software features. The only
difference between PPR and BSR is that the PPR communicates with only a single
SPR. Thus, the PPR and BSR configurations are similar. The only difference is that
for the PPR you need to define the IP address of the SPR with which the PPR is to
establish a point-to-point radio link.
The SPR point-to-point radio configuration is similar to the regular point-tomultipoint SPR configuration. The only difference is that for point-to-point radio
configurations, the SPR's index number associated with the PPR is automatically
calculated.
The SPR's index number is calculated using an algorithm based on the PPR's Air
MAC address. The SPR index number is calculated using the suffix of the PPRs Air
Mac address.
The formula for calculating the SPR's index number is as follows:
If S = PPRs Air MAC address suffix
If N = S mod 126
If N<2
N = N + 126

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The following table lists examples of SPR indexes calculated from the PPRs Air
MAC address suffix.
Figure 6-1: SPR index calculated from PPR's Air MAC address

PPR Air MAC address suffix


Hexadecimal

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Decimal

SPR index

XX:00

126

XX:01

127

XX:02

XX:7D

125

125

XX:7E

126

126

XX:7F

127

127

128

XX:FD

253

127

XX:FE

254

XX:FF

255

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6.2. Configuring the PPR


The PPR and BSR configuration parameters are similar. The only difference is that
for the PPR you need to add an SPR with which the PPR will establish a point-topoint radio link. Therefore, this section only describes the procedure for adding an
SPR to a PPR. For a detailed description on configuring the remaining PPR
parameters, see Chapter 4, "Configuring a BSR".
When you connect WipConfig to the PPR, the BSR Configuration pane is displayed.
The only difference between this pane and the pane that appears when you connect
to a BSR, is that the PPR Configuration button appears, as displayed in Figure 6-2.

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PPR Configuration button


Figure 6-2: WipConfig connected to PPR showing PPR Configuration button
Note: The Pings button is not applicable for this ASWipLL release.

To add an SPR to a PPR for point-to-point radio link:


1. Connect to the PPR and configure the PPR parameters as described in Chapter 4,
"Configuring a BSR".
2. Click the PPR Configuration button.

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The PPR Configuration dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 6-3: PPR Configuration dialog box

3. In the IP Address field, enter the IP address of the SPR with which the PPR will
establish a point-to-point radio link.
4. In the Subnet Mask field, enter the SPRs subnet mask address.
5. Click Accept. The PPR Configuration dialog box closes.
Note: The SPR Index field is read-only. WipConfig automatically calculates
the index number by using an algorithm based on PPR's Air MAC address (e.g.
Air MAC address 0x1200 results in SPR index #126).

6. On the toolbar, click the Write

button.

button to reset the PPR. A Warning message


7. On the toolbar, click the Reset
box appears, requesting you to confirm device reset.

Figure 6-4: Warning message box for resetting device

8. Click Yes to reset the PPR.

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6.3. Configuring the SPR


The SPR point-to-point radio configuration is similar to the regular point-tomultipoint SPR configuration. The only difference is that for point-to-point radio
configurations, the SPR's index number, associated with the PPR is automatically
calculated (based on the PPR's Air MAC address). The index number appears
automatically after you enter the PPR's Air MAC address and then click the
PPR button (displayed in Figure 6-5).

PPR
button

Figure 6-5: SPR configuration pane displaying PPR button

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This following procedure describes only the procedure for defining the SPR's index
number. For a detailed description on configuring the remaining SPR parameters,
see Chapter 5, "Configuring an SPR
To configure SPR for point-to-point radio link with a PPR:
1. Connect WipConfig to the SPR.
2. In the Eth IP Address field, enter the SPR's IP address. This must be the same
IP address that you entered for the SPR that you added to the PPR.
3. In the Eth Subnet Mask field, enter the SPR's subnet mask address. This must
be the same subnet address that you entered for the SPR that you added to the
PPR.
4. In the RF Configuration group, in the BSR Air MAC Address, enter the
PPRs Air MAC address with which the SPR will establish a PPR link..
5. Click the PPR

button.

The Index in BSR field displays the SPR's index number associated with the
PPR. This index number is calculated using an algorithm based on the PPR's Air
MAC address that you entered in the BSR Air MAC Address field (e.g. Air
MAC address is 0x1200, therefore, the SPRs index is 126).
6. On the toolbar, click the Write

button.

button to reset the SPR.A Warning message


7. On the toolbar, click the Reset
box appears, requesting you to confirm device reset.

Figure 6-6: Warning message box for resetting device

8. Click Yes to reset the SPR.

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7
Configuring a BSDU
This chapter describes the procedure for configuring a BSDU, and contains the
following main sections:
! Overview
! Configuring
Notes:
1) For upgrading a BSDU, see Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions".
2) For downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from the
BSDU, see Chapter 11, " Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files".

7.1. Overview
The Base Station Distribution Unit (BSDU) device is an Ethernet switch that
interfaces between the BSRs (i.e. ASWipLL network) and the service providers
backbone. The BSDU, installed at the Base Station, provides BSRs with 100BaseT
interface to the provider's backbone, local switching, frequency hop synchronization,
and power.
Each BSDU can support up to six BSRs, and up to four BSDUs can be daisychained to support a maximum of 24 BSRs. Therefore, a Base Station at maximum
configuration can serve up to 3,024 subscribers.
WipConfig enables you to configure the following BSDU parameters:
! IP and subnet mask address
! Default gateway
! SNMP Get and Set community strings

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! BSDU power control over BSRs


! VLAN management
! Synchronization of BSDUs and BSRs based on frequency hopping:
Synchronization of BSDUs, BSRs, and Base Stations is controlled by the BSDU
and based on frequency hopping implemented in BSR-SPR wireless
communication.
The BSDU sends a synchronization signal to the BSRs at intervals calculated by
frequency table size multiplied (x) by 50 msec (time between "hopping" from
one frequency to the next). The frequency table size is the number of frequencies
composing the frequency table used for BSR-SPR communication.
The synchronization signal instructs the BSRs to "hop" the transmitted data onto
a specific frequency (in the frequency table), defined as the phase (see Chapter
4, "Configuring a BSR"). This occurs even if the BSR has not completed a cycle
of transmitting the data on all the frequencies in the frequency table. This phase
frequency is unique for all BSRs at the Base Station. Therefore, this prevents
more than one BSR or SPR using the same frequency at any given time.
For example, assume the frequency phase for BSR #1 is F1 (e.g. 2402 MHz). If
the BSR is transmitting on F5 (e.g. 2414 MHz) when the BSDU sends a
synchronization pulse, the BSR "hops" this transmitted data back to F1.

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The table below displays an example of multiple BSRs using the same frequency
table, but each having a different frequency phase.
Table 7-1: Multiple BSRs having different phase frequencies

BSR

Frequency table (phase per BSR)


1

10

#1

2402

2405

2408

2411

2414

2417

2420

2423

2426

2429

#2

2402

2405

2408

2411

2414

2417

2420

2423

2426

2429

#3

2402

2405

2408

2411

2414

2417

2420

2423

2426

2429

#4

2402

2405

2408

2411

2414

2417

2420

2423

2426

2429

In the table above, at any given moment, the BSRs transmit on a different
frequency to one another. For example, when the BSRs receive a
synchronization pulse from the BSDUs, the BSRs transmit on the following
frequencies: 2402 for BSR #1; 2411 for BSR #2; 2420 for BSR #3; and 2414 for
BSR #4.
The BSDU that controls the synchronization of BSDUs and BSRs is referred to
as the Master. The Master BSDU is responsible for sending the synchronization
signal at specific intervals. The master is the BSDU to which a GPS is
connected. If no GPS exists, the BSDU that is first powered on is the master.
WipConfig allows you to assign an arbitrary synchronization identification
number for the BSDU (referred to as Sync Ring ID). This allows you to identify
the Master BSDU controlling the synchronization.
Warning: Accurate frequency planning must be performed for multiple Base
Station synchronization to prevent adjacent channel interference between Base
Stations. At each Base Station, a GPS must be implemented.

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7.2. Configuring
The following procedure describes how to configure a BSDU.
To configure a BSDU:
1. Connect WipConfig to the BSDU.
WipConfig connects to the BSDU, showing the retrieved BSDU's configuration
settings in the BSDU Configuration pane, as displayed below.

Figure 7-1: WipConfig connected to BSDU showing BSDU Configuration pane

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Note: The Sync. Ring Mode On, Hop Length, and Sync. Ring Id fields are
available only when you connect WipConfig to the BSDU through a network
communication mode.

2. In the Network Configuration group, enter the following fields:


!

Eth IP Address: BSDU's IP address

Eth Subnet Mask: subnet mask associated with the Ethernet IP address

Default Gateway: IP address of the BSDU's default gateway

3. In the RF Configuration group, enter the following fields:


!

Freq. Table Size: number of frequencies in the frequency table used in


BSR-SPR wireless communication.

Sync. Ring Mode On: enables BSDU synchronization of daisy-chained


BSDUs, BSRs, and Base Stations (if this is enabled at the BSR).

Hop Length: time that data is transmitted on a frequency, after which it


"hops" to the next frequency:

Regular Hop Length: 50 msec

Short Hop Length: 25 msec

Sync. Ring Id: up to four BSDUs may be daisy chained together, in which
case, each BSDU can be assigned a unique identifying number in the
synchronization ring.

4. To enable SNMP management of the BSDU through a VLAN, in the VLAN


Configuration group, perform the following:
a. Select the Enabled check box.
b. In the VLAN ID field, enter: the VLAN number for passing SNMP traffic.
c. From the Priority drop-down list, select the priority level for traffic flowing
through the management VLAN.

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5. In the Management Configuration group, enter the following fields:


!

Get Community: read community string (default value is public)

Set Community: write community string (default value is private)

6. In the BSR Power Control group, select the corresponding check boxes of the
BSRs to which you want the BSDU to enable (i.e. supply power and Ethernet
connectivity).
7. On the toolbar, click the Write

button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device.


8. On the toolbar, click the Reset

button to reset the device.

A Warning message box appears.

Figure 7-2: Warning message box for resetting device

9. Click Yes to reset the device.

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8
Configuring Transmit Power
This chapter describes the procedure for configuring the antenna transmit power
levels for the BSR and SPR.
This chapter includes the following subsections:
! Overview
! Configuring Power Levels
Note: Procedures for configuring transmit power levels mentioned in this
chapter are also applicable for PPR and SPR devices.

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Configuring Transmit Power

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8.1. Overview
WipConfig allows you to define the ASWipLL radio (i.e. BSR and SPR) transmit
(Tx) power levels. Power levels can be configured taking into consideration cable
loss. Cable loss is the attenuation of radio transmit (Tx) power as heat in the antenna
cable connecting to the ASWipLL radio. Generally, cable loss is directly
proportional to the cable length (i.e. longer the cable, the greater the power loss).
The table below lists examples of cable loss according to cable manufacturer and
cable length.
Table 8-1: Example of cable loss per cable length

WipConfig allows you to compensate for the power lost due to cable loss by
allowing you add this loss to your configured power level.
Note: Airspan does not supply external antenna cables. It is the responsibility
of the installer to provide the cable and ensure cable characteristics (e.g.
length and cable loss) enables adherence to the regulations (e.g. maximum
EIRP) of the regulatory domain in which the device is operating. For example,
in accordance with FCC regulations, when operating in unlicensed bands, the
external antennas must provide an EIRP of equal to or less than 36 dBm to
prevent interference with other radios.

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8.2. Configuring Power Levels


The following procedure describes configuring power levels for BSR and SPR
devices. The procedures are similar for these devices, and therefore, only one of
these devices is used in this section to describe this procedure.
To configure power levels (e.g. for BSR):
1. In the Outlook bar, click the Power Settings

button.

The Power Settings pane appears, as displayed in Figure 8-1.

Figure 8-1: Power Settings pane

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2. In the Power Level field, enter the radio transmit power level (in dBm units).
3. In the Loss Compensation field, enter the power to compensate for power
attenuation due to cable length (i.e. cable loss compensation).
4. On the toolbar, click the Write

button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device.


5. On the toolbar, click the Reset

button to reset the device.

A Warning message box appears.


6. Click Yes to reset the device.
Note: The Antenna Gain field is read-only and displays the device's antenna
gain retrieved from the device's ROM. If the device uses an external antenna,
this field displays "0" (i.e. zero).

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9
Saving and Loading NVRAM
Frequency
Fre quency Tables
This chapter describes the procedure for saving and loading NVRAM frequency
tables, and includes the following sections:
! Overview
! Saving Frequency Tables
! Loading a Frequency Table
Note: Saving and loading NVRAM frequency tables is applicable only to BSR
and SPR devices.

9.1. Overview
WipConfig allows you to save NVRAM frequency tables stored on the device's
NVRAM, to your PC and then later apply (load) the frequency tables to another
device. This is relevant only for BSRs and SPRs. This is useful when you need to
apply the same frequency table to the BSR and SPRs to establish a wireless
communication link.
Saving and loading frequency tables can only be performed when WipConfig
connects to the device through a network communication mode.

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9.2. Saving Frequency Tables


You can save a device's NVRAM frequency tables on your PC. WipConfig saves the
file with an *.FRS extension name.
To save a device's frequency tables to your PC:
1. Connect WipConfig to the device using a network communication mode.
2. From the Tools menu, point to Frequency Tables, and then choose Save Table.
The Save to File dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 9-1: Save to File dialog box

3. Browse to the folder on your PC in which you want to save the frequency tables.
4. In the File Name field, type a name for the file, and then click Save.

9.3. Loading a Frequency Table


You can load a previously saved frequency table file (consisting of NVRAM
frequency tables) and apply it to a device.

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To load a previously saved frequency table to your device:


1. From the Tools menu, point to Frequency Tables, and then choose Load Table.
The Load from File dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 9-2: Load from File dialog box

2. Browse to the folder on your PC in which the frequency table you want to load is
located.
3. Select the file, and then click Open. In the Configuration pane, an asterisk
appears alongside the Frequency Table Source field, which displays the path of
the frequency table file.
4. To apply (i.e. write) the frequency table to the device, perform the standard
procedure for applying configuration parameters to the device, as described in
Section 2.6.1, "User-Defined".

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10
Downloading SW Versions
This chapter describes the procedure for downloading software (SW) versions to
ASWipLL devices, and includes the following main sections:
! Overview
! Downloading

10.1. Overview
ASWipLL devices contain two software (SW) banks: Active and Standby. The
Active bank contains the current SW version that is running on the device; the
Standby bank contains an inactive previous SW version.
When you download a SW version to an ASWipLL device, the SW version file is
downloaded to the devices Standby bank. To activate the new SW version, you
need to transfer the SW from the Standby bank to the Active bank. In addition, to
prevent the previous SW version stored in the Standby bank, from overwriting the
new SW version in the Active bank and thus, becoming active, you need to lock the
new SW version in the Active bank. (See Figure 10-1.)

Figure 10-1: Downloading SW version to devices software banks

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You can upgrade a device by up to two earlier or later SW versions than the current
version on the ASWipLL device. Table 10-1 lists examples of permissible upgrades
from one ASWipLL release to another (starting from the earliest release 2.6 to the
latest release 4.4). The ASWipLL release depicts the SW version pertaining to the
specific release.
Table 10-1: Permissible downloads from one ASWipLL release to another

Release

Release

Release

Release

Release

2.6

3.0B

4.1

4.2B

4.4

3.0A

3.0B

4.1

4.2B

4.4

3.0B

4.1

4.2B

4.4

4.0

4.1

4.2B

4.4

4.1

4.2B

4.4

4.2A

4.4

4.2B

4.4

4.2C

4.4

The table below lists the SW version files for the ASWipLL devices.
Table 10-2: SW version file names per ASWipLL device

ASWipLL device

SW version file

BSR

BSR.hex

PPR

PPR.hex

SPR

SPR.hex

IDR

IDR.hex

BSDU

BSDU.hex

Note: WipConfig allows you to simply select the path to the folder in which SW
version files are located, instead of selecting the specific file.
Note: If WipConfig is connected to the device through a network
communication mode, ensure that you upgrade ASWipLL devices furthest
away from the PC running WipConfig. In other words, first upgrade SPRs, then
BSRs, and then BSDUs. This ensures that if a failure occurs with an SPR, the
BSR remains in link with the other SPRs.

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10.2. Downloading
You perform the SW download in WipConfig's Download/Upload pane. Before
downloading, you need to browse to the folder in which the ASWipLL software files
are stored.
To download a SW version to an ASWipLL device:
1. In the outlook bar, click the Download/Upload

button.

The Download/Upload pane appears, as displayed in Figure 10-2.

Figure 10-2: Download/Upload pane

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2. Select the Software Download option. (By default this option is selected.)
3. In the File field, browse to the folder in which the file that you want to download
is located, by clicking the double arrow
button.
The Select Directory dialog box appears, as displayed in Figure 10-3.

Figure 10-3: Please Specify for CODE Load dialog box

4. Once you have selected the folder in which the file is located, click OK.
The File field displays the path and selected SW file name.
5. Click Download.

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WipConfig starts downloading the SW version file to the devices Standby bank,
indicated by the following:
!

Current Action field displays "Software Download"

Current Status field displays "Erasing" and then "Download in Progress"

Progress bar indicates progress of download (in percentage)

Downloading
Progress bar

Figure 10-4: Progress bar indicating download in progress

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When the download is complete, the following is displayed:


!

Current Status field: "Download Finished"

Standby Bank field: "<downloaded SW version no.>"

SW version
file in Standby
bank

"Download
finished"

Figure 10-5: Download complete and SW version file in Standby bank

6. Click Swap Banks to transfer the downloaded file from the device's Standby
software bank to the Active software bank.
The Ask User confirmation box appears, as displayed in Figure 10-6.

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Figure 10-6: Confirming swap (and reset) action from Standby to Active bank

7. Click Yes.
The Information box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 10-7: Information box

8. Click OK.

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After a few seconds, the SW version file is transferred from the Standby bank to
the Active bank, and the previous SW version file is transferred to the Standby
bank, as displayed below.

File moved
to Active
bank

Figure 10-8: Downloaded SW version file moved from Standby to Active bank

9. Click Lock Active to ensure that the downloaded SW version file in the Active
bank becomes default, and to prevent the file swapping with the file in the
Standby bank.

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The Status field of the Active bank displays "locked", as displayed below.

File locked
in Active
bank

Figure 10-9: Downloaded SW version file locked in Active bank

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11
Downloading NVRAM
Configuration Files
This chapter describes the procedures for downloading and uploading NVRAM
configuration files to and from the ASWipLL device respectively.
This chapter includes the following main sections:
! Overview
! Downloading
! Uploading

11.1. Overview
WipConfig allows you to download and upload NVRAM configuration files to and
from ASWipLL devices, respectively. These configuration files contain all the
configuration parameters that are stored in the devices NVRAM. This allows you to
easily and quickly apply identical NVRAM configuration settings to multiple
devices.
The configuration files contain the *.e2p file extension and an arbitrary file name,
for example, spr_24803.e2p.
Downloading a configuration file to an ASWipLL device is the process whereby a
configuration file saved on your PC running WipConfig is downloaded to the
device. Uploading a configuration file from a device is the process whereby
configuration parameters are retrieved ("read") from a device, and then saved to a
file on the PC running WipConfig.

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11.2. Uploading
WipConfig allows you to retrieve a device's NVRAM configuration settings, and
then save them to a file on your PC. The file is saved with the *.e2p file extension.
To upload a configuration file from an ASWipLL device:
1. In the outlook bar, click the Download/Upload
Download/Upload pane appears.

button. The

2. Select the Configuration File option, as displayed below.

Configuration
File option
selected

Figure 11-1: Configuration File option selected

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3. Click the Upload button.


The Save As dialog box appears, as displayed in Figure 11-2.

Figure 11-2: Save As dialog box


Note: By default, the Save As dialog box opens the <drive>:\WipConfig\<ver.
no.>\ folder in which WipConfig is installed.

4. Browse to the folder where you want to save the configuration file, and then in
the File Name field, enter the desired file name.
5. Click Save.

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WipConfig begins uploading the configuration file from the device. This is
indicated by the following:
!

Current Action field displays "Configuration File Upload"

Current Status field displays " Upload in Progress"

Progress bar displays the progress of the uploading process in percentage

Downloading
Progress bar

Figure 11-3: WipConfig uploading and saving file to PC

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When the upload completes, the Download/Upload pane displays the following:
!

Saved file name and path are displayed in the File field

Current Action field displays "No Action"

Current Status field displays "Upload Finished"

Upload
complete

Figure 11-4: Completed configuration file upload

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11.3. Downloading
When you download a configuration file to the ASWipLL device, you first need to
select the configuration file stored on the PC running WipConfig, and then
download it to the device by clicking Download.
To download an NVRAM configuration file (*.e2p):
1. In the outlook bar, click the Download/Upload
Download/Upload pane appears.

button. The

2. Select the Configuration File option, as displayed below.

Configuration
File option
selected

Figure 11-5: Configuration File option selected

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3. In the File field, enter the path to and the name of the configuration file that you
want to download to the ASWipLL device, or browse to the file by clicking the
double arrow
button.
The Please Specify File for E2P Load dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 11-6: Please Specify File for E2P Load dialog box

4. Browse to the folder that contains the configuration file, and then select the
desired file (with the *.e2p file extension).
5. Click Open.

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The File field displays the path and selected configuration file name, as
displayed below.

Selected
file

Figure 11-7: File path displayed in the File field

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6. Click Download.
The Information message box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 11-8: Information message box


Note: The Download button is active only after you select a file in the File
field.

7. Click OK.

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WipConfig begins downloading the configuration file to the ASWipLL devices


NVRAM, indicated by the following:
!

Current Action field displays "Configuration Download"

Current Status field displays "Download in Progress"

Progress bar displays the downloaded progress (in percentage)

Downloading
Progress bar

Figure 11-9: Downloading configuration file

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12
Analyzing RF Spectrums
This chapter describes the procedure for analyzing the RF spectrum around a device
using WipConfigs Spectrum Analyzer module.
This chapter contains the following main sections:
! Overview
! Operating Guidelines
! Licensing the Spectrum Analyzer Feature
! Accessing the Spectrum Analyzer
! Areas of the Spectrum Analyzer Window
! Setting Up the Spectrum Analyzer
! Starting and Stopping the Spectrum Analyzer
! Spectrum Analyzer Results
! Quitting the Spectrum Analyzer
Notes:
1) WipConfig's Spectrum Analyzer feature is license-dependant. If you have a
license for this feature, the outlook bar displays the Spectrum Analyzer
button.
2) When the Spectrum Analyzer is activated, the ASWipLL device losses all air
and network links.

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12.1. Overview
WipConfig's Spectrum Analyzer feature is a license-dependant plug-in feature. The
Spectrum Analyzer provides you with an effective tool for analyzing the spectrum
around an ASWipLL device by measuring received signal strengths (RSSI) within a
user-defined frequency range.
The Spectrum Analyzer is essentially a swept receiver with a visual display of RSSI.
The Spectrum Analyzer sweeps (i.e. scans) the frequencies within a frequency
range, measuring average and maximum RSSI levels per frequency, and providing
real-time display of these measurements in graph and table format.
The Spectrum Analyzer is used before setting up your wireless link between Base
Station and subscribers. The Spectrum Analyzer typically measures RSSI for BSRs
and PPRs at the Base Station. The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to identify "noisy"
external RF interferences and disturbances, and thereby, to choose alternative
"clean" frequencies (i.e. no interferences) for building the frequency table for
wireless communication in the ASWipLL system. This is especially useful when
operating in the unlicensed 900 MHz bands where many "noisy" and interfering
frequencies often exist. This tool is also useful in other unlicensed bands such as 2.4
GHz and 5.8 GHz, and in licensed bands.
Note: Airspan recommends using frequencies that are around 28, 20, and 12
dB above interference levels to effectively operate in 8- (4 Mbps/3 Mbps), 4- (2
Mbps), and 2-level FSK (1.33 Mbps/1 Mbps), respectively.

12.2. Operating Guidelines


Airspan recommends adhering to the following guidelines for using the Spectrum
Analyzer:
! In a typical installation of ASWipLL 900, use the Spectrum Analyzer in the
first stages of installation by searching for "clean" frequencies and building
frequency tables using only these "clean" frequencies. It is crucial to use the
Spectrum Analyzer at the Base Station (i.e. BSR or PPR), since the most
important issue in implementing a wireless communication path is ensuring that
the Base Station is exposed to minimal levels of interferences.

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! As interference depends on geographical locations, it is recommended to


perform spectrum analysis at the CPE location when installing the ASWipLL
IDR device.
! Prior to analyzing the spectrum, mount the ASWipLL radio (or external
antenna) in the desired location.
! Ensure all ASWipLL devices are powered off except for the device that is
being used for analyzing the spectrum. This is to prevent other ASWipLL
devices from creating radio interferences with the spectrum analysis around the
device being tested.
! Conduct several sweeps of the spectrum to ensure that all radio interferences are
detected such as interferences from Frequency Hopping or Hybrid systems. The
spectrum analysis should be performed in continuous mode for at least 20 times.
The longer you perform the sweep, more reliable results are obtained as
interference in the ISM band can change throughout the day and change rapidly
(e.g. in frequency hopping systems).
! To ensure locating clear frequencies, continually narrow down the sweep
frequency range. For example, first sweep a large frequency range. Once you
have selected a clear area from this initial sweep, run another batch of sweeps
concentrating on these selected frequencies. The fewer frequencies the more
reliable the analysis for capturing bursty, intermittent transmitters (e.g. pagers).
! When using an external antenna, ensure correct antenna gain is defined with
consideration to RF cable loss.
! Ensure the Spectrum Analyzer communicates locally (i.e. not remotely) with
the ASWipLL device. When trying to connect the Spectrum Analyzer to a
remote ASWipLL device over an IP network connection, activating the
Spectrum Analyzer causes a loss of IP network link with all remote devices,
and thus, no connection is possible between the Spectrum Analyzer and the
remote device whose spectrum you want to analyze.

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12.3. Licensing the Spectrum Analyzer Feature


The Spectrum Analyzer is a license-dependant feature that runs on WipConfig. Once
you have obtained this license, Airspan requires that you enter the Spectrum
Analyzer license number during the WipConfig installation process to activate the
Spectrum Analyzer feature (see Chapter 1, "Installing WipConfig"). If you have a
license for Spectrum Analyzer, WipConfig displays the Spectrum Analyzer button
in the outlook bar as displayed below

Spectrum
Analyzer
button

Figure 12-1: WipConfig with licensed Spectrum Analyzer

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12.4. Accessing the Spectrum Analyzer


To access the Spectrum Analyzer, you need to click the Spectrum Analyzer button.
You can access the Spectrum Analyzer through either a serial or an IP network
communication mode.
To access the Spectrum Analyzer:
1. To access the Spectrum Analyzer, perform one of the following:
!

In the outlook bar, click the WipConfig tab, and then click the Spectrum
Analyzer

button.

From the View menu, choose Spectrum Analyzer.

The following Information message box appears, informing you that when using
the spectrum analyzer, the device will loose communication with the wireless
network (i.e. with the SPRs).

Figure 12-2: Information message box

2. Click OK.
The Spectrum Analyzer window opens.

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12.5. Areas of the Spectrum Analyzer Window


When you access the Spectrum Analyzer, the Spectrum Analyzer window appears,
displaying the following information retrieved from the BSR/PPR:
! Version & Card Info group:
!

RF Card Type: BSRs/PPRs frequency operating band e.g. 900 MHz.

Version Info: software version of the BSR/PPR.

Target Side: ASWipLL device to which Spectrum Analyzer is connected.

! Start Freq and Stop Freq fields: frequency range within which device operates
and within which you want to analyze the RF spectrum.
! Antenna Gain field: BSRs/PPRs default antenna gain. To refresh this display,
click the True Antenna Gain Value button.
Figure 12-3 displays the main areas of the Spectrum Analyzer window.
Menu bar
Toolbar

Graph

Status bar
Figure 12-3: Spectrum Analyzer window

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The Spectrum Analyzer window contains the following main areas:


! Menu bar
! Toolbar
! Workspace (graph, results table, and setup fields)
! Status bar

12.5.1. Menu Bar


The menu bar provides menus containing commands, as described in Table 12-1.
Table 12-1: Description of commands of the menu bar

Menu

Command

File

Exit

Edit

Save

Description
Closes the Spectrum Analyzer window

Graph

Saves graph as a BMP file

Table

Saves Results table in text format (.txt file)

Print

Help

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Graph

Prints graph

Table

Prints Results table

Copy Table

Copies and pastes Results table into a text file (.txt file)

About

Displays the version number of the Spectrum Analyzer module

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12.5.2. Toolbar
The toolbar provides buttons for commonly used commands. These buttons are
described in Table 12-2.
Table 12-2: Description of toolbar commands

Button

Name

Description

Print Graph

Prints graph

Save Graph

Saves graph as a BMP file

Print Table

Prints Results table

Save Table

Saves Results table in text format (.txt file)

Zoom Graph In

Zooms into the graph

Zoom Graph Out

Zooms out of the graph

Zoom Default

Displays normal graph view

12.5.3. Status Bar


The status bar displays the following information, as displayed in Figure 12-4:
! Frequency currently being scanned or analyzed.
! Description of graph buttons when you hover the cursor over the buttons.
! Mode used for sweeping the frequencies: Single, Continuous, or Custom. If the
mode is Continuous or Custom, the current sweep number is also displayed.
! Progress bar indicating the remaining time for completing the analysis.

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Frequency
scanned

A n a l yz i n g R F S p e c t r u m s

Sweep mode
Sweep number (not for Single mode)

Progress bar

Figure 12-4: Information displayed on the status bar

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12.6. Setting Up the Spectrum Analyzer


Before you can start the Spectrum Analyzer, you need to define various parameters.
To set up the Spectrum Analyzer:
1. Ensure the Setup tab (located in the top-right pane) is selected.
2. In the Refresh Rate field, enter the time interval (in seconds) for polling the
BSR/PPR. (The default is 3 sec; maximum is 3,600 sec.)
3. In the Number of Sweeps group, select the option for scanning the frequencies:
!

Single: scans the spectrum only once

Continuous: cyclically scans the spectrum (i.e. repetitively)

Custom: you can customize the number of times the Spectrum Analyzer
cyclically scans the spectrum (range is 0 through 1,000 sweeps)

4. To change the antenna gain, in the Antenna Gain field, enter the new antenna
gain.
Note: If you want to restore the BSRs default antenna gain, click the True
Antenna Gain Value button.

5. To define the frequency range for which you want to analyze, define the
following fields:
!

Start Freq: frequency from where you want to scan

Stop Freq: frequency to which you want to scan

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12.7. Starting and Stopping the Spectrum


Analyzer
Once you have setup the Spectrum Analyzer, you can start scanning the spectrum
You use the Start and Stop buttons to start and stop the Spectrum Analyzer,
respectively.
To start and stop the spectrum analyzer:
! To start the analysis, click the Start

button (see the figure below)

! To stop the analysis, click the Stop

button (see the figure below)

Start button
Stop button

Progress bar

Figure 12-5: Start and Stop buttons

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When you click the Stop button, the graph and table results remain in the display.
However, if you stop the Spectrum Analyzer, and then start it again, the graph and
the table results of the previous analysis are deleted, and the new analysis results are
plotted.
The status bar displays a progress bar that provides an approximate indication of the
time remaining for the Spectrum Analyzer to complete its analysis.

12.8. Spectrum Analyzer Results


The Spectrum Analyzer displays the following spectrum analysis results in graph
and table format:
! Average received signal strength (RSS) in dBm units per frequency
! Maximum Hold received signal strength (RSS) in dBm units per frequency
! Frequency channel spacing (in MHz) between receive (Rx) and transmit (Tx)
frequencies. This is relevant for ASWipLL devices operating in frequency
division duplexing (FDD), where a different frequency range is used for transmit
and receive. This is displayed in the TxRxOffset field. (For ASWipLL devices
operating in time division duplexing (TDD) mode, this field displays "0", i.e.
zero, as the same frequency is used for transmit and receive.)

12.8.1. Graph Format


The Spectrum Analyzer displays the results in graph format. The Spectrum Analyzer
allows you to save and print the graph.

12.8.1.1. Viewing
The Spectrum Analyzer displays the following plotted results, each depicted in a
specific line color:
! Average RSS (white line): average received signal strength in dBm per
frequency within the user-defined frequency range (i.e. defined in the Start Freq
and Stop Freq fields).

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! Maximum Hold RSS (yellow line): maximum received signal strength in dBm
per frequency.
The graph plots these values according to the defined polling rate (defined in the
Refresh Rate field). The exact value of these parameters for a specific frequency
can be viewed by hovering the mouse over a point on a plotted line.
The Spectrum Analyzer provides display buttons that control the display of various
parameters plotted on the graph (see Table 12-3 and Figure 12-6).
Table 12-3: Description of display buttons for the Spectrum Analyzer graph

Button

Description
Hides the plotted average RSS (i.e. white-colored line) for all previous polling.
However, the average RSS continues to be plotted for the next polling after
clicking this button.
Hides the plotted maximum hold RSS (i.e. yellow-colored line) for all
previous polling. However, the maximum hold RSS continues to be plotted for
the next polling after clicking this button. When you click this button, the
maximum hold RSS value is displayed as a horizontal yellow line on the xaxis. You can still view the value by hovering your mouse over the yellow
line.
Hides or shows the plotted average RSS (i.e. white-colored line). When first
clicked, it hides the line; when clicked again, it shows the line.
Hides or shows the plotted maximum hold RSS (i.e. yellow-colored line).
When first clicked, it hides the line; when clicked again, it shows the line.

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Clear Avg.
Clear Max.
Hide/Show Avg.
Hide/Show Max
Figure 12-6: Graph display buttons

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12.8.1.2. Saving
You can save graphs to external files in BMP format.
To save a graph:
1. From the Edit menu, point to Save, and then choose Graph. The Save As dialog
box appears, as displayed in Figure 12-7.

Figure 12-7: Save As dialog box for graphs

2. Browse to the folder in which you want to save the file.


3. In the File Name field, type the file name, and then click Save.

12.8.1.3. Printing
The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to print out the graph.
To print a graph:
1. From the Edit menu, point to Print, and then choose Graph. The Print dialog
box appears, displaying your printers driver settings.
2. Define your print settings, and then click OK to print.

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12.8.2. Table Format


The Spectrum Analyzer also displays the Spectrum Analyzers results in table
format. The results in the table format can be saved, printed, and copied to text files.

12.8.2.1. Viewing
The Spectrum Analyzer results in table format are displayed in the Results table,
which displays the same values as plotted on the graph.
To view the Spectrum Analyzer results in table format:
! Click the Results tab.
The Results table appears, as displayed below.

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Results table

Figure 12-8: Spectrum Analyzer showing Results table

The Results table displays the following results:


! Freq MHz: frequency scanned
! Avg dBm: average RSS per frequency
! Max Hold dBm: maximum RSS level for a specific frequency within one
polling rate

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12.8.2.2. Saving
You can save the Results table in text format (*.txt).
To save Results table:
1. From the Edit menu, point to Save, and then choose Table.
The Save As dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 12-9: Save As dialog box for tables

2. Browse to the folder in which you want to save the file.


3. In the File Name field, type the file name, and then click Save.

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12.8.2.3. Printing
The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to print out the Results table.
To print the Results table:
1. From the Edit menu, point to Print, and then choose Table.
The Print dialog box appears, displaying your printers driver settings.
2. Define your print settings, and then click OK to print.

12.8.2.4. Copying to a Text File


The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to copy the Results table and then paste it into an
external text file.
To copy-and-paste tables into text files:
1. From the Edit menu, choose Copy Table.
2. Open a text file, and then simply paste the table in the text file.

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12.9. Quitting the Spectrum Analyzer


The following procedure describes how to quit the Spectrum Analyzer.
Note: After you quit Spectrum Analyzer, you must reset the ASWipLL device
(See Chapter 2, "Getting Started").

To quit the Spectrum Analyzer:


1. In the Spectrum Analyzer, ensure the analysis has ended, by clicking the Stop
button.
2. From the File menu, choose Exit to quit the Spectrum Analyzer.
The Information message box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 12-10: Information message box for resetting BSR/PPR

3. Click OK.
The Spectrum Analyzer closes and returns you to the WipConfig main window.
4. Reset the ASWipLL device.

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A
Glossary
Antenna
gain

The amount of power radiated (in dBi) by an antenna in a specific


direction relative to an ideal standard (i.e. isotropic radiator). Highgain antennas have a more focused radiation pattern in a specific
direction.

BER

Bit Error Rate. Percentage of bits with errors divided by the total
number of bits that have been transmitted, received or processed
over a given time period.

BSDU

Base Station Distribution Unit

BSR

Base Station Radio

dBm

Decibels referenced to 1 mW

GHz

Gigahertz

IDR

Indoor Data Radio

IP

Internet Protocol

MAC

Media Access Control. A unique 48-bit number used in Ethernet


data packets to identify an Ethernet device.

Mbps

Megabits per second

MHz

Megahertz

PING

Package Internet Groper

PPPoE

Point-to-point over Ethernet

PPR

Point-to-Point Radio

RF

Radio frequency

RSSI

Received Signal Strength Indicator

SDA

Subscriber Data Adapter

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Glossary

WipConfig User's Guide

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

SPR

Subscriber Premises Radio

VLAN

Virtual Local Area Network. Group of devices on one or more


LANs that are configured (using management software) so that
they can communicate as if they were attached to the same wire,
when in fact they are located on a number of different LAN
segments.

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B
Cable Connections
This appendix describes the cabling between the ASWipLL device and the PC
running WipConfig. This includes serial and network cabling.
This appendix includes the following sections:
! Serial Cable Connections
!

BSR and PPR

SPR

IDR

BSDU

! Network (IP) Connections


!

BSR and PPR

SPR

IDR

BSDU

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Cable Connections

WipConfig User's Guide

B.1. Serial Cable Connections


The following subsections describe serial cabling between the PC running
WipConfig and the following ASWipLL devices:
! BSR and PPR
! SPR
! IDR
! BSDU

B.1.1. BSR and PPR


The BSR/PPR provides a serial port for RS-232 serial interface with a PC. The table
below describes the cable, connectors, and pinouts for BSR-to-PC serial cabling.
Table B-1: BSR-to-PC serial connector pinouts

Crossover serial cable


BSR
9-pin D-type
male

Pin

PC
Function

Pin

Function

RS232 Rx

Tx

RS232 Tx

Rx

GND

GND

9-pin D-type
female

To connect the BSR/PPR to the PC for serial configuration (see Figure B-1):
1. Connect the 9-pin D-type male connector, at one end of the serial cable, to the
BSRs serial port, labeled Serial.
2. Connect the 9-pin D-type female connector, at the other end of the serial cable,
to the PCs serial port

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Cable Connections

Figure B-1: BSR-to-PC serial cable connection


Note: Ensure that the BSR remains connected to the BSDU/SDA (i.e. the
BSRs 15-pin D-type port remains connected to the BSDUs/SDAs 15-pin Dtype port).

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Cable Connections

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B.1.2. SPR
The SPR-to-PC serial connection is performed using a Y-cable that connects the
SPRs 15-pin D-type port to the PC and to the SDA. The following tables describe
the Y-cable connector pinouts.
Table B-2: SPR-to-PC serial connector pinouts

Straight-through Y-cable
SPR
15-pin D-type
male

Pin

SDA
Function

Pin

Function

+48 VDC

+48 VDC

48 RTN

48 RTN

Ethernet Tx+

Rx+

Ethernet Tx-

Rx-

Ethernet Rx+

Tx+

Ethernet Rx-

Tx-

SPR
Pin

15-pin D-type
male

PC
Pin

Function

Function

12

GND

GND

14

RS232 Rx

Rx

15

RS232 Tx

Tx

9-pin D-type
female

To connect the PC to the SPR using a serial connection (see Figure B-2):
1. Connect the 15-pin D-type male connector, at the one end of the Y-cable, to the
SPR.
2. Connect the 15-pin D-type male connector, at the other end of the Y-cable, to
the SDA.
3. Connect the 9-pin D-type female (RS232) connector, at the other end of the Ycable, to the PCs serial port.

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Cable Connections

Figure B-2: PC-to-SPR serial connection using Y- cable

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Cable Connections

WipConfig User's Guide

B.1.3. IDR
The table below describes the cable, connectors, and pinouts for IDR serial cabling.
Table B-3: IDR serial connector pinouts

Crossover cable
IDR
6-pin RJ-11

PC
Pin

Function

Pin

Function

Rx

Tx

GND

GND

Tx

Rx

9-pin D-type
female

To connect the IDR to the ASWipLL management station (PC):


1. Connect the 6 pin RJ-11 connector, at one end of the crossover cable, to the
IDRs RJ-11 port labeled Serial.
2. Connect the 9 pin D-type female connector, at the other end of the crossover
cable, to the PCs serial port.

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Cable Connections

Figure 12-11: IDR-to-PC serial cable connections

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B-7

Cable Connections

WipConfig User's Guide

B.1.4. BSDU
The BSDU-to-PC serial interface is performed by connecting the PC to the BSDUs
serial port (labeled Monitor). The table below describes the cable, connectors, and
pinouts.
Table B-4: BSDU-to-PC serial management connector pinouts

Crossover cable
BSDU
9-pin D-type
male

Pin

PC
Function

Pin

Function

RS232 Rx

Tx

RS232 Tx

Rx

GND

GND

9-pin D-type
female

To connect the PC to the BSDU by serial connection (see Figure B-4):


1. Connect the 9-pin D-type male connector, at one end of the cable, to the
BSDUs serial port (labeled Monitor).
2. Connect the 9-pin D-type female connector, at the other end of the cable, to the
PC's serial port.

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Cable Connections

Figure B-4: PC-to-BSDU serial connections

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B-9

Cable Connections

WipConfig User's Guide

B.2. Local Network Connections


For configuring the ASWipLL devices using WipConfig through an IP network, you
can connect the PC running WipConfig locally to the ASWipLL device through a
LAN port, or remotely if you have IP connectivity to the device. The following
subsections describe the cable, connectors, and pinouts for local network cable
connections.

B.2.1. BSR and PPR


Configuring the BSR/PPR through a network is performed via the ASWipLL
Ethernet switch or hub to which the BSR/PPR is connected.
The BSR/PPR-to-PC local network cabling depends on the BSR configuration:
! If the BSR is connected to an SDA, then see Section B.2.2, "B.2.2. SPR".
! If the BSR is connected to a BSDU, then see Section B.2.4, "B.1.4. BSDU".

B.2.2. SPR
The SPR-to-PC local network cabling is performed by connecting the PC to the
SDA that is connected to the SPR. The PC's LAN port connects to the SDAs
Ethernet port.
Note: The PC-to-SPR local network connection is the same for a BSR that is
connected to an SDA.

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Cable Connections

The SPR-to-PC local network cabling is described in the table below.


Table B-5: SDA-to-PC local network management connector pinouts

Straight-through cable
8-pin RJ-45 male
Pin
1
2
3
6

Function
+Rx
-Rx
+Tx
-Tx

To connect the SPR to a PC through a local network (see Figure B-5):


1. Connect the RJ-45 connector, at one end of the straight-through cable, to the
PC's Ethernet port.
2. Connect the RJ-45 connector, at the other end of the straight-through cable, to
the SDAs Ethernet port.

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Cable Connections

WipConfig User's Guide

Figure B-5: SPR-to-PC local network (IP) cable connection


Note: Ensure that the SDA remains connected to the SPR.

B.3.3. IDR
The IDR-to-PC local network (IP) connection is performed by connecting the PC's
LAN port to the IDRs Ethernet port.
The IDR-to-PC local network cabling is described in Table B-6.

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Cable Connections

Table B-6: IDR-to-PC local network management connector pinouts

8-pin RJ-45
Pin
1
2
3
6

Function
Rx+
RxTx+
Tx-

To connect the IDR to the PC through a network (see Figure B-6):


1. Connect the 8-pin RJ-45 connector, on one end of the cable, to the PC.
2. Connect the 8-pin RJ-45 connector, at the other end of the cable, to the IDRs
Ethernet port.

Figure B-6: PC-to-IDR local network cable connection

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Cable Connections

WipConfig User's Guide

B.3.4. BSDU
The BSDU-to-PC local network (IP) connection is performed by connecting the PC
to the BSDUs 10BaseT or 100BaseT port. If the BSDUs two 10BaseT ports are
connected to one another by a crossover cable (i.e. looped), then the PC connects to
one of the BSDUs 100BaseT ports. If the two BSDU 10BaseT ports are not
connected to one another, then the PC connects to the BSDUs right-most 10BaseT
port (labeled 10Base-T 2).
The BSDU-to-PC local network cable connections (on the BSDU side) are described
in the following tables:
Table B-7: Connector pinouts for looping BSDU's 10Base-T ports

Crossover cable
BSDU 10Base-T port 1

BSDU 10Base-T port 2

8-pin RJ-45

8-pin RJ-45

Pin

Signal

Pin

Signal

Rx+

Tx+

Rx-

Tx-

Tx+

Rx+

Tx-

Rx-

Table B-8: Connector pinouts for 100Base-T management

Straight-through cable
PC LAN port

BSDU 100Base-T port

8-pin RJ-45

8-pin RJ-45

Pin

B-14

Signal

Pin

Signal

Tx+

Rx+

Tx-

Rx-

Rx+

Tx+

Rx-

Tx-

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Cable Connections

To connect the BSDU to the PC using a network connection:


1. Connect the RJ-45 connector, at one end of the straight-through cable, to the
PCs Ethernet port.
2. Connector the RJ-45 connector, at the other end of straight-through cable, to the
BSDUs 10Base-T port labeled 2 (see Figure B-7),
-OrConnect the BSDUs two 10Base-T ports with the crossover cable, and then
connect the RJ-45 connector to the BSDUs 1000Base-T port
(see Figure B-8).

Figure B-7: PC-to-BSDU local network connection 10Base-T port

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Figure B-8: PC-to-BSDU local network connection 100Base-T port

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C
Index
A
About command....................................... 2-21
Accessing Spectrum Analyzer ................. 12-5
Active SW bank
locking................................................. 10-8
overview.............................................. 10-1
swapping ............................................. 10-6
Air MAC address
defining
BSR for SPR..................................... 5-4
for BSR............................................. 4-4
Air subnet
defining
for BSR............................................. 4-5
for SPR ............................................. 5-4
Antenna Gain, changing in Spectrum
Analyzer .............................................. 12-6
Antenna power level, configuring.............. 8-3
AutoConnect, defining for SPR ................. 5-4
Average RSS
viewing in Spectrum Analyzer table . 12-17
viewing on Spectrum Analyzer graph12-12

B
BER, viewing on graph ............................ 5-11
Bridge
configuring for BSR .............................. 4-3
configuring for SPR .............................. 5-3
BSDU
assigning BSDU for synchronization .... 7-5
cable connections
IP 14
configuring ............................................ 7-4
defining

06040311-07

default gateway................................. 7-5


Get/Set community........................... 7-6
IP address ......................................... 7-5
subnet ............................................... 7-5
subnet address................................... 7-5
used Frequency table ........................ 7-5
VLAN management ......................... 7-5
description............................................. 7-1
downloading
NVRAM Configuration files .......... 11-6
SW versions.................................... 10-3
enabling synchronization....................... 7-5
power control over BSRs ...................... 7-6
SW ver. file name................................ 10-2
uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112
BSDU Configuration pane ......................... 7-4
BSR
cable connections
IP 10
serial .................................................... 2
configuring ............................................ 4-2
configuring bridge or router .................. 4-3
defining
Air MAC address.............................. 4-4
air subnet scheme ............................. 4-5
default gateway................................. 4-4
Get/Set community........................... 4-4
IP address ......................................... 4-4
power level ....................................... 8-3
subnet ............................................... 4-4
synchronization phase ...................... 4-4
transmission rate............................... 4-4
used Frequency table ........................ 4-4
VLAN management ......................... 4-5

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Index

WipConfig User's Guide

VLAN policy .................................... 4-5


description ............................................. 4-2
downloading
NVRAM Configuration files .......... 11-6
SW versions.................................... 10-3
enabling synchronization....................... 4-4
frequency tables
downloading ..................................... 9-2
saving ............................................... 9-2
power control by BSDU ........................ 7-6
SW ver. file name................................ 10-2
uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112
BSR Configuration pane ............................ 4-2
buttons
PPR........................................................ 6-7
Buttons
Offset................................................... 5-10
PPR Configuration ................................ 6-4
Reset Offset ......................................... 5-10
Spectrum Analyzer .............................. 12-5
Start ................................................... 12-11
Stop ................................................... 12-11

C
Cable connections
serial ......................................................... 2
Cable loss
configuring ............................................ 8-3
Calculator, using ...................................... 2-20
Card type, viewing in Spectrum Analyzer12-6
Changing user name and password .......... 2-10
Commands
About................................................... 2-21
Calculator ............................................ 2-20
Exit ...................................................... 2-22
Open .................................................... 2-19
Save ..................................................... 2-17
Set Factory Default.............................. 2-14
Set Protected Default........................... 2-16
Spectrum Analyzer .............................. 12-5
User Administration ............................ 2-10
Configuration files
NVRAM
downloading ................................... 11-6

C-2

overview ......................................... 11-1


uploading ........................................ 11-2
WipConfig
opening ........................................... 2-19
saving ............................................. 2-17
Configurations
applying default settings...................... 2-14
applying protected default settings...... 2-16
applying user-defined.......................... 2-13
Configuring
BSDU .................................................... 7-4
BSR ....................................................... 4-2
PPR ....................................................... 6-4
SPR ....................................................... 5-2
Connecting
to device by serial.................................. 3-4
Connection indications............................... 3-2
Copying tables in Spectrum Analyzer.... 12-19

D
Data source, description........................... 2-11
Default configurations
applying full ........................................ 2-14
applying protected............................... 2-16
Defaults
applying full factory............................ 2-14
applying protected factory................... 2-16
applying user-defined.......................... 2-13
device IP address................................. 2-14
device subnet address .......................... 2-14
login name and password ...................... 2-2
Devices
connecting by serial............................... 3-4
Disconnecting from device ...................... 3-13
Downloading
frequency tables .................................... 9-2
NVRAM configuration files................ 11-6
Downloading SW versions
overview.............................................. 10-1
permissable paths ................................ 10-2

E
Exit command .......................................... 2-22

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Index

Files
SW ver
BSDU ............................................. 10-2
BSR ................................................ 10-2
IDR ................................................. 10-2
SPR................................................. 10-2
Frequency range for Spectrum Analyzer . 12-6
Frequency table
defining
used for BSDU ................................. 7-5
used for BSR .................................... 4-4
Frequency tables
loading................................................... 9-2
saving .................................................... 9-2

Licensing Spectrum Analyzer .................. 12-4


Logging on to WipConfig .......................... 2-2
Login password, changing ....................... 2-10

Gateway
defining
for BSDU.......................................... 7-5
for BSR............................................. 4-4
for SPR ............................................. 5-4
Graphs
printing of Spectrum Analyzer .......... 12-15
saving of Spectrum Analyzer ............ 12-15
viewing BER ....................................... 5-11
viewing in Spectrum Analyzer .......... 12-12
viewing RSSI ...................................... 5-11

NVRAM Configuration files


downloading........................................ 11-6
overview.............................................. 11-1
uploading............................................. 11-2

I
IDR
cable connections
IP 12
downloading
NVRAM Configuration files .......... 11-6
SW version ..................................... 10-3
SW ver. file name................................ 10-2
uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112
IP address
defining
for BSDU.......................................... 7-5
for BSR............................................. 4-4
for SPR ............................................. 5-4

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M
Management VLAN
defining for BSDU ................................ 7-5
defining for BSR ................................... 4-5
defining for SPR.................................... 5-6
Max Hold RSS, definition...................... 12-12
Menu bar
description in WipConfig ...................... 2-4
of Spectrum Analyzer ......................... 12-7
Messages of WipConfig............................. 2-9

O
Offset button ............................................ 5-10
Open command ........................................ 2-19
Opening WipConfig configuration files... 2-19
Outlook bar description.............................. 2-7

P
Password, changing.................................. 2-10
Point-to-point radio link
algorithm for SPR index........................ 6-2
configuring SPR .................................... 6-7
overview................................................ 6-2
Power control to BSRs............................... 7-6
Power level, configuring ............................ 8-3
PPR
algorithm for SPR index........................ 6-2
cable connections
IP 10
serial .................................................... 2
configuring ............................................ 6-4
defining
power level ....................................... 8-3

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Index

WipConfig User's Guide

description ............................................. 6-2


downloading
NVRAM Configuration files .......... 11-6
SW versions.................................... 10-3
uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112
PPR button ................................................. 6-7
PPR Configuration button .......................... 6-4
Printing
Spectrum Analyzer graphs ................ 12-15
Spectrum Analyzer Results table ...... 12-19

Q
Quitting
Spectrum Analyzer ............................ 12-20
WipConfig........................................... 2-22

R
Rate
defining
for BSR............................................. 4-4
for SPR ............................................. 5-4
Refresh rate, defining in Spectrum Analyzer
........................................................... 12-10
Reset Offset button................................... 5-10
Results table
copying to text files ........................... 12-19
description ......................................... 12-17
printing of Spectrum Analyzer .......... 12-19
saving of Spectrum Analyzer ............ 12-18
viewing in Spectrum Analyzer .......... 12-16
Router
configuring for BSR .............................. 4-3
configuring for SPR .............................. 5-3
RSSI, viewing graph ................................ 5-11

S
Save command ......................................... 2-17
Saving
frequency tables..................................... 9-2
Spectrum Analyzer graphs ................ 12-15
Spectrum Analyzer Results table ...... 12-18
WipConfig configuration files............. 2-17
Serial
accessing Spectrum Analyzer.............. 12-5

C-4

connecting to device by......................... 3-4


Serial cable connections................................ 2
Set Factory Default command.................. 2-14
Set Protected Default command............... 2-16
Software banks
locking................................................. 10-8
overview.............................................. 10-1
swapping ............................................. 10-6
Spectrum Analyzer
accessing ............................................. 12-5
serial mode ..................................... 12-5
areas .................................................... 12-6
button .................................................. 12-5
copying Results table to file .............. 12-19
defining antenna gain .......................... 12-6
defining refresh rate .......................... 12-10
defining sweep number ..................... 12-10
entering frequency range..................... 12-6
general guidelines................................ 12-2
licensing .............................................. 12-4
menu bar.............................................. 12-7
overview.............................................. 12-2
printing
graphs ........................................... 12-15
Results table ................................. 12-19
quitting .............................................. 12-20
saving
graphs ........................................... 12-15
Results table ................................. 12-18
setting up of....................................... 12-10
starting............................................... 12-11
status bar ............................................. 12-8
stopping............................................. 12-11
toolbar ................................................. 12-8
TxRxOffset........................................ 12-12
viewing
graph............................................. 12-12
Results table ................................. 12-16
SPR
cable connections
IP 10
configuring ............................................ 5-2
configuring point-to-point radio link..... 6-7
defining
air subnet scheme ............................. 5-4

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Index

AutoConnect..................................... 5-4
default gateway................................. 5-4
Get/Set community........................... 5-4
IP address ......................................... 5-4
power level ....................................... 8-3
subnet ............................................... 5-4
subnet address................................... 5-4
transmission rate............................... 5-4
VLAN management.......................... 5-6
VLAN policy .................................... 5-5
description ............................................. 5-2
downloading
NVRAM Configuration files .......... 11-6
SW versions.................................... 10-3
frequency tables
downloading ..................................... 9-2
saving ............................................... 9-2
index with PPR...................................... 6-2
selecting bridge or router....................... 5-3
SW ver. file name................................ 10-2
uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112
viewing
BER ................................................ 5-11
RSSI ............................................... 5-11
statistics ............................................ 5-8
SPR Configuration pane............................. 5-2
Standby SW bank, overview .................... 10-1
Start button............................................. 12-11
Starting
Spectrum Analyzer ............................ 12-11
WipConfig............................................. 2-2
Statistics, viewing of SPR .......................... 5-8
Status bar
in WipConfig......................................... 2-8
messages................................................ 2-9
of Spectrum Analyzer.......................... 12-8
Stop button ............................................. 12-11
Stopping Spectrum Analyzer ................. 12-11
Subnet mask
defining
for BSDU.......................................... 7-5
for BSR............................................. 4-4
for SPR ............................................. 5-4

06040311-07

SW version, viewing in Spectrum Analyzer


............................................................. 12-6
Sweeps, defining in Spectrum Analyzer 12-10
Synchronization
assigning BSDU ring ID ....................... 7-5
defining phase for BSR ......................... 4-4
enabling
for BSDU.......................................... 7-5
for BSR............................................. 4-4

T
Toolbar
in WipConfig......................................... 2-6
of Spectrum Analyzer ......................... 12-8
TxRxOffset, Spectrum Analyzer............ 12-12

U
Uploading NVRAM Configuration files.. 11-2
User Administration command ................ 2-10
User Name, changing............................... 2-10

V
Viewing
Avg RSS in Spectrum Analyzer........ 12-12
device SW ver. in Spectrum Analyzer 12-6
Max Hold RSS in Spectrum Analyzer .. 1212
RF card type ........................................ 12-6
Spectrum Analyzer graph.................. 12-12
Spectrum Analyzer Results table ...... 12-16
SPR BER............................................. 5-11
SPR RSSI ............................................ 5-11
SPR statistics......................................... 5-8
WipConfig version .............................. 2-21
VLAN
management
defining for BSDU ........................... 7-5
defining for BSR .............................. 4-5
defining for SPR............................... 5-6
policy
defining for BSR .............................. 4-5
defining for SPR............................... 5-5

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Index

WipConfig User's Guide

W
WipConfig
communicating with device
serial ................................................. 3-4
configuring BSDU................................. 7-4
configuring BSR.................................... 4-2
configuring PPR .................................... 6-4
configuring SPR .................................... 5-2
description of panes............................... 2-8
disconnecting from device................... 3-13
IP cable connections
to BSDU ............................................ 14
to BSR ............................................... 10
to IDR ................................................ 12

C-6

to PPR................................................ 10
to SPR................................................ 10
menu bar................................................ 2-4
messages................................................ 2-9
outlook bar ............................................ 2-7
quitting ................................................ 2-22
serial cable connections
to BSR ................................................. 2
to PPR.................................................. 2
starting................................................... 2-2
status bar ............................................... 2-8
toolbar ................................................... 2-6
using the calculator ............................. 2-20
viewing SW version ............................ 2-21
window areas......................................... 2-4

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