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# Code.

No: 36079
R05 SET-1
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
III .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010
INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) Define input and output variables with respect to a stirred tank heater.
b) Derive the transfer function of a mercury thermo-meter. [8+8]

## 2.a) Define self regulation.

b) Explain self regulating and non-self regulating systems with examples of liquid
level in tanks. [8+8]

3. A PID controller is at steady state with an. Output pressure of a 9 Psig. The set
point and pen point are together. It time t = 0, the set point is moved away from
point at a rate of 0.5 in/min. The notion of the set point is in the direction of
The settings are Kc = 2 Psig/inch of per travel,
γ 1 = 1.25 minute and τ d = 0.4 min.
Plot the output pressure Vs time. [16]

## 4. Describe the mechanism of hydraulic proportional controller and hydraulic

proportions integral controller with neat sketches and equations. [16]

5.a) Define proportional band? Explain the relation between proportional gain,
proportional band and offset error.
b) With a neat sketch explain the integral controller mode action? Summerize the
characteristics. [8+8]

## 6. What is a optimum-tuning of control system? What are its different approaches?

[16]

7. Differentiate between globe valve and ball valve? What are the advantages of
globe valve over a ball valve? [16]

## 8. What is the difference between cascade control and multivariable control?

Explain the advantages of cascade control. [16]

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Code.No: 36079
R05 SET-2
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
III .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010
INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1. Explain the terms differential gap, time constant, forcing function, response
function, capacitance, resistance and controlled variable? [16]

f2 (S )
2.a) Write the transfer function for the system as shown in figure 2.a
f0 ( S )

b) Compare non interacting and interacting two tank multi capacity control-systems.
[8+8]

## 3.a) Explain the principle of PID controller with neat sketches.

b) A unit step change error is introduced into a PID controller. If Kc = 10, γ 1 = 1 and
γ 0 = 0.5 . Plot the response of the controller, P(t). [8+8]

4.a) Where an on-off controller is recommended? What is the effect of dead time on
response?
b) Idealized first order integrating process has the lag of 3 minutes and static gain
1.5 the on-off controller has a dead zone of 2 volts and its operating voltage is 12
volts obtain the on-off periods for a step disturbance of equivalent to 1 volt.
When the system has the dead line of 2 minutes and when system has no dead
line. [8+8]

5.a) What control strategies is needed for improved performance when input and
output of a procers affected by significant disturbance?
b) What is compensation in a closed operation? [8+8]
6.a) What are precautions to take in applying. Zogler-Nichols rules. (Z-N).
b) Discuss the Ziegler – Nichols tuning rules. [8+8]

7. An equal % control valve has a rang ability of 32 if the maximum flow rate is
1000 m3/hr. Find the how at 2/3rd and 4/5th open settings. [16]

## 8. Write short note on

a) Multi variable control system
b) Ratio control
c) Split range control system [5+5+6]

--ooOoo--
Code.No: 36079
R05 SET-3
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
III .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010
INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1. A thermo meter is placed in a bath at 450C. After the thermo meter reaches the
equilibrium with bath temperature the bath temperature is subjected to sinusoidal
forcing function about its average temperature 450C/ With an amplitude of 150C.
If the period of oscillatant is 3.0 seconds per cycle and the time constant is 10
seconds determine.
a) Maximum and minimum temp indicated by the thermo meter
b) Amplitude ratio
c) Phase lag. [5+5+6]

2.a) Is the thermo meter bulb and thermal well arrangement a non-interacting system?
Explain
b) With neat sketches explain the non-interacting interacting dead end and
interacting flow systems. [8+8]

3. The input (E) to PI controller is shown in the figure3. Plot the output of the
controller if Kc = 2.0 and τ I =0.5 minute. [16]

## 4.a) Explain briefly the principle of operation of a displacement type pneumatic PD

controller. How the derivative time can be adjusted in this controller.
b) Explain the principle of electronic proportional integral controller. [8+8]
5. A servo system for the position control of a ratable mars is stabilized by viscous
friction damping which is there – quarters of that is needed for critical damping.
The under damped natural frequency of the system is 12 Hz. Drive the expression
for the output of the system, if the input control is suddenly moved to a new
portion being initially at rent. Hence find the maximum overshoot? And
∈= 0.75 . [16]

6. The closed loop transfer function of a units feed back control system is given by
C (t ) 10
= 2 . Determine
R(t ) S + S + 5
a) Damping ratio
b) Natural undamped resonance frequency
c) % peale over shoot. [5+5+6]

7. Differentiate between globe valve and ball valve? What are the advantages of
globe valve over ball valve? [16]

## 8. What is meant by multi loop control system?

Explain about feed forward control system with diagram? [8+8]

--ooOoo--
Code.No: 36079
R05 SET-4
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
III .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010
INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

## 1. A mercury thermo meter having a time constant of 0.1 min is placed in a

temperature both at 1000 F and allowed to come to equilibrium with the both. At
time t = 0 temperature of the both begins to vary sinusoidally about its average
10
value of 1000 F with amplitude of 20F. The frequency of oscillation is cycles

per minute. Calculate the response of the thermo meter and phase lag. [16]

## 2.a) Distinguish between interacting and non-inter-acting systems with examples.

b) Write the differential equations for the interacting and non-interacting systems.
[8+8]

3. A PID controller is at steady state with an output pressure of 9 Psig. The set point
and Pin point are initially together. At time t = 0 the set point is moved away
from per point at a rate of 0.5 in/min. The motion of set point is in the direction
The settings are : Kc = 2 Psig/inch of pen travel τ I = 1.25 min and τ 0 = 0.4 min.
Plot the output pressure Vs time. Describe the mechanism of hydraulic
proportional controller and hydraulic proportional integral controller with neat
sketches and equations? [16]

## 5. The open loop transfer function of a units feed back system is

a) Find by what factor the gain K be reduced so that the overshoot is reduced
from 60% to 150%.
b) Find by what factor the gain K should be reduced so that the damping ratio
increased from 0.1 to 0.6. [8+8]

## 6. Write short notes on:

a) Reaction curve method.
b) Cohere – corn tuning rule [8+8]

7. Gases A and B are fed continuously to a tank with a volume of 30 ft3. The normal
flow rates ar FA = 40 and F13 = 10 cfw. If the flow of B is suddenly increased to
12 cfw. When does the concentration of `B’ reach 90% of new steady state
value? [16]

8. What is multivariable control? What are its merits and demerits? [16]
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