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Math_Integers.doc

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INSTRUCTION SHEET

To add two positive numbers, add and keep the positive sign

Example: (+6) + (+7) = +13

To add two negative numbers, add and keep the negative sign

Example: (-13) + (-24) = -37

To add numbers with different signs, find the difference between the two numbers

(subtract) and give the answer the sign of the larger number

Example #1: (+17) + (-6) = +11

Example #2: (-32) + (+18) = -14

To subtract signed numbers (either positive or negative), change the subtraction sign to

addition and change the sign of the number that follows, then revert back to the addition

rules

Example #1:

Example #2:

Example #3:

Example #4:

(+7) - (-4) = (+7) + (+4) = +11

(-12) - (+6) = (-12) + (-6) = -18

(-23) - (-16) = (-23) + (+16) = -7

With both multiplication and division, when the signs are the same, the answer will be

positive

Example #1: (+5) (+7) = +35

Example #2: (-5) (-7) = +35

Example #3: (+10) (+2) = +5

Example #4: (-10) (-2) = +5

When the signs are different in a multiplication or division problem, the answer will be

negative

Example #1: (+8) (-7) = -56

Example #2: (-12) (+4) = -48

Example #3: (+9) (-3) = -3

Example #4: (-14) (+2) = -7

When a number of mathematical operations are to be performed in a problem, you must

follow a specific order for solving the problem

Step 1 Do anything that is inside parentheses

Step 2 - Solve anything that contains an exponent (a power 52 the 2 is the exponent

and it means the base number is to be multiplied by itself that number of times, so

52 = 5 5 = 25)

Step 3 Solve any multiplication or division within the problem, moving from left to

right

Step 4 Solve any addition or subtraction within the problem, moving from left to right

Example #1: -2(12 8) + -33 + 4 -6

-2(4) + -33 + 4 -6

-2(4) + -27 + 4 -6

-8 + -27 + -24

-35 + -24

-59

Example #2:

-3 +

-3 +

-3 +

-3 +

-3 +

-35

4(2 - 6)2 -2

4(-4)2 -2

4(16) -2

64 -2

-32

If the operations to be performed are in fractional form, solve the numerator first, then the

denominator, then reduce.

Example: 7(-4) - (-2)

8 - (-5)

(-28) - (-2)

13

-26

13

-2

PRACTICE SHEET

A. Solve the following problems.

1. -2 + (+3) =

11. -3(-4) =

21. 45 - (-27) =

2. -5 + (+4) =

12. 24 (-6) =

22. 19(-4) =

3. 5 - (-3) =

13. 5(-18) =

4. -7 - (-3) =

14. -8 (-4) =

5. -14 - 6 =

15. 17(-4) =

25. 32 (-4) =

6. 6 + (-8) =

16. 81 (-9) =

7. 12 + (+7) =

27. -8 -4 -2 =

8. -8 + (-1) =

18. -7(9) =

9. -9 - (+6) =

19. 8(7) =

10. 11 + (-2) =

20. 56 (-14) =

1. 18 - (-12 - 3) =

7. -19 + (7 + 4)3 =

2. 18 + (-7) (32 6) =

3. 20 + -4(32 - 6) =

9. -3 + 2(-6 3)2

5. -6(12 - 15) + 23 =

15 7 + 2

-4.5 (-0.53) + (-1)

E. Solve the following word problems using positive and negative numbers.

1. Steve has overdrawn his checking account by $27. His bank charged him $15 for an

overdraft fee. Then he quickly deposited $100. What is his current balance?

2. Joe played golf with Sam on a special par 3 course.. They played nine holes. The

expected number of strokes on each hole was 3. A birdie is 1 below par. An eagle is 2

below par. A bogie is one above par. A double bogie is 2 above par. On nine holes

Frank made par on 1 hole, got 2 birdies, one eagle, four bogies, and one double bogie.

How many points above or below par was Franks score?

3. Find the difference in height between the top of a hill 973 feet high and a crack

caused by an earthquake 79 feet below sea level.

4. In Detroit the high temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit for five days in January were

-12, -8, -3, 6, -15. What was the average temperature for these five days?

5. Hightop Roofing was $3765 in the red (owed creditors this amount) at the end of

June. At the end of December they were $8765 in the red. Did they make or lose

money between June and December? How much?

6. To establish the location of a hole relative to a fixed zero point, a machinist must

make the following calculation:

y = 5 - (3.750 - 0.500) - 2.375

Find y.

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