# Code No: 14055

NR

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 FLUID MECHANICS Chemical Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Urea pellets are made by spraying drops of molten urea into cold gas at the top of a tall tower and allowing the material to solidify as it falls. Pellets 6mm in diameter are to be made in a tower 25m high containing air at 200 C. The density of urea is 1330kg/m3 (a) what would be the terminal velocity of the pellets, assuming free settling conditions (b) would the pellets attain 99% of this velocity before they reach the bottom of the tower. [10+6] 2. Give a diagrammatic representation of a typical pump application. Applying Bernoulli’s equation ﬁnd the pump work. Also write the expressions for power supplied to the pump and power delivered to the ﬂuid. [16] 3. (a) What are the energy losses in pipes. Explain in detail. (b) Explain adiabatic frictional ﬂow. 4. Diﬀerentiate between:(a) Absolute pressure and Atmospheric pressure (b) Intensity of pressure and Total pressure (c) Resultant pressure and Centre of pressure (d) Positive and Negative gauge pressure. [4+4+4+4] [8+8]

5. (a) Deﬁne the terms sonic, sub-sonic, super sonic ﬂows, mach angle and mach cone. (b) A gas is ﬂowing through a horizontal pipe at a temperature of 4o C. The diameter of the pipe is 8cm and at a section 1-1 in this pipe, the pressure is 30.3N/cm2 (gauge). The diameter of the pipe changes from 8 cm to 4 cm at the section 2-2, where pressure is 20.3 N/cm2 (gauge). Find the velocities of the gas at these sections assuming an isothermal process. Take R= 287.14 Nm/kg K, and atmospheric pressure = 10N/cm2 . [8+8] 6. Explain Venturimeter in detail. Also derive the expression for discharge through a venturimeter. [16]

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Code No: 14055

NR

Set No. 2

7. It is proposed to pump 10,000 kg/h of toluene at 1140 C and 1.1 atm abs. Pressure from the reboiler of a distillation tower to a second distillation unit without cooling the toluene before it enters the pump .If the friction loss in the line between the reboiler and pump is 7KN/m2 and the density of toluene is 866Kg/m3 . how far above the pump must the liquid level in the reboiler be maintained to give a net positive suction head of 2.5m? [16] 8. (a) State the Bernoullis equation? Explain the signiﬁcance of each term. (b) Write any two applications of the Bernoullis equation. (c) What are the methods of describing ﬂuid ﬂow. [8+4+4]

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Code No: 14055

NR

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 FLUID MECHANICS Chemical Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) State the Bernoullis equation? Explain the signiﬁcance of each term. (b) Write any two applications of the Bernoullis equation. (c) What are the methods of describing ﬂuid ﬂow. [8+4+4]

2. It is proposed to pump 10,000 kg/h of toluene at 1140 C and 1.1 atm abs. Pressure from the reboiler of a distillation tower to a second distillation unit without cooling the toluene before it enters the pump .If the friction loss in the line between the reboiler and pump is 7KN/m2 and the density of toluene is 866Kg/m3 . how far above the pump must the liquid level in the reboiler be maintained to give a net positive suction head of 2.5m? [16] 3. Explain Venturimeter in detail. Also derive the expression for discharge through a venturimeter. [16] 4. (a) Deﬁne the terms sonic, sub-sonic, super sonic ﬂows, mach angle and mach cone. (b) A gas is ﬂowing through a horizontal pipe at a temperature of 4o C. The diameter of the pipe is 8cm and at a section 1-1 in this pipe, the pressure is 30.3N/cm2 (gauge). The diameter of the pipe changes from 8 cm to 4 cm at the section 2-2, where pressure is 20.3 N/cm2 (gauge). Find the velocities of the gas at these sections assuming an isothermal process. Take R= 287.14 Nm/kg K, and atmospheric pressure = 10N/cm2 . [8+8] 5. Urea pellets are made by spraying drops of molten urea into cold gas at the top of a tall tower and allowing the material to solidify as it falls. Pellets 6mm in diameter are to be made in a tower 25m high containing air at 200 C. The density of urea is 1330kg/m3 (a) what would be the terminal velocity of the pellets, assuming free settling conditions (b) would the pellets attain 99% of this velocity before they reach the bottom of the tower. [10+6] 6. Diﬀerentiate between:(a) Absolute pressure and Atmospheric pressure (b) Intensity of pressure and Total pressure (c) Resultant pressure and Centre of pressure 3

Code No: 14055

NR

Set No. 4
[4+4+4+4]

(d) Positive and Negative gauge pressure.

7. Give a diagrammatic representation of a typical pump application. Applying Bernoulli’s equation ﬁnd the pump work. Also write the expressions for power supplied to the pump and power delivered to the ﬂuid. [16] 8. (a) What are the energy losses in pipes. Explain in detail. (b) Explain adiabatic frictional ﬂow. [8+8]

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Code No: 14055

NR

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 FLUID MECHANICS Chemical Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Give a diagrammatic representation of a typical pump application. Applying Bernoulli’s equation ﬁnd the pump work. Also write the expressions for power supplied to the pump and power delivered to the ﬂuid. [16] 2. It is proposed to pump 10,000 kg/h of toluene at 1140 C and 1.1 atm abs. Pressure from the reboiler of a distillation tower to a second distillation unit without cooling the toluene before it enters the pump .If the friction loss in the line between the reboiler and pump is 7KN/m2 and the density of toluene is 866Kg/m3 . how far above the pump must the liquid level in the reboiler be maintained to give a net positive suction head of 2.5m? [16] 3. (a) What are the energy losses in pipes. Explain in detail. (b) Explain adiabatic frictional ﬂow. [8+8]

4. Explain Venturimeter in detail. Also derive the expression for discharge through a venturimeter. [16] 5. Urea pellets are made by spraying drops of molten urea into cold gas at the top of a tall tower and allowing the material to solidify as it falls. Pellets 6mm in diameter are to be made in a tower 25m high containing air at 200 C. The density of urea is 1330kg/m3 (a) what would be the terminal velocity of the pellets, assuming free settling conditions (b) would the pellets attain 99% of this velocity before they reach the bottom of the tower. [10+6] 6. Diﬀerentiate between:(a) Absolute pressure and Atmospheric pressure (b) Intensity of pressure and Total pressure (c) Resultant pressure and Centre of pressure (d) Positive and Negative gauge pressure. [4+4+4+4]

7. (a) Deﬁne the terms sonic, sub-sonic, super sonic ﬂows, mach angle and mach cone.

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Code No: 14055

NR

Set No. 1

(b) A gas is ﬂowing through a horizontal pipe at a temperature of 4o C. The diameter of the pipe is 8cm and at a section 1-1 in this pipe, the pressure is 30.3N/cm2 (gauge). The diameter of the pipe changes from 8 cm to 4 cm at the section 2-2, where pressure is 20.3 N/cm2 (gauge). Find the velocities of the gas at these sections assuming an isothermal process. Take R= 287.14 Nm/kg K, and atmospheric pressure = 10N/cm2 . [8+8] 8. (a) State the Bernoullis equation? Explain the signiﬁcance of each term. (b) Write any two applications of the Bernoullis equation. (c) What are the methods of describing ﬂuid ﬂow. [8+4+4]

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Code No: 14055

NR

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010 FLUID MECHANICS Chemical Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Urea pellets are made by spraying drops of molten urea into cold gas at the top of a tall tower and allowing the material to solidify as it falls. Pellets 6mm in diameter are to be made in a tower 25m high containing air at 200 C. The density of urea is 1330kg/m3 (a) what would be the terminal velocity of the pellets, assuming free settling conditions (b) would the pellets attain 99% of this velocity before they reach the bottom of the tower. [10+6] 2. Explain Venturimeter in detail. Also derive the expression for discharge through a venturimeter. [16] 3. Diﬀerentiate between:(a) Absolute pressure and Atmospheric pressure (b) Intensity of pressure and Total pressure (c) Resultant pressure and Centre of pressure (d) Positive and Negative gauge pressure. 4. (a) What are the energy losses in pipes. Explain in detail. (b) Explain adiabatic frictional ﬂow. [8+8] [4+4+4+4]

5. It is proposed to pump 10,000 kg/h of toluene at 1140 C and 1.1 atm abs. Pressure from the reboiler of a distillation tower to a second distillation unit without cooling the toluene before it enters the pump .If the friction loss in the line between the reboiler and pump is 7KN/m2 and the density of toluene is 866Kg/m3 . how far above the pump must the liquid level in the reboiler be maintained to give a net positive suction head of 2.5m? [16] 6. Give a diagrammatic representation of a typical pump application. Applying Bernoulli’s equation ﬁnd the pump work. Also write the expressions for power supplied to the pump and power delivered to the ﬂuid. [16] 7. (a) Deﬁne the terms sonic, sub-sonic, super sonic ﬂows, mach angle and mach cone.

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Code No: 14055

NR

Set No. 3

(b) A gas is ﬂowing through a horizontal pipe at a temperature of 4o C. The diameter of the pipe is 8cm and at a section 1-1 in this pipe, the pressure is 30.3N/cm2 (gauge). The diameter of the pipe changes from 8 cm to 4 cm at the section 2-2, where pressure is 20.3 N/cm2 (gauge). Find the velocities of the gas at these sections assuming an isothermal process. Take R= 287.14 Nm/kg K, and atmospheric pressure = 10N/cm2 . [8+8] 8. (a) State the Bernoullis equation? Explain the signiﬁcance of each term. (b) Write any two applications of the Bernoullis equation. (c) What are the methods of describing ﬂuid ﬂow. [8+4+4]

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