Code.

No: 37152

R05

SET-1

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV .B.TECH – I SEM REGULAR EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DETAILED DESIGN (AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. a) What are the types for landing gear. b) Write the design procedure for single wheel landing gear with neat sketches. [16] 2. The thin- walled single cell beam has been idealized into combination of direct stress carrying booms and shear stressesaly carrying walls. If the section supports a vertical shear bond of 10KN acting vertical plane through booms 3 and 6. Calculate the distribution of shear flow around the section. Boom areas B1 = B8 = 200mm 2 , B2 = B7 = 250mm 2 , B3 = B6 = 400mm 2 , B4 = B5 = 100mm 2 as shown in figure. [16]

3. a) Explain the construction of fuselage structure. b) Explain with neat sketches skin instability, panel instability and general instability. [6+10] 4. Monocoque cylinder radius r = 1250mm, thickness t = 1.25mm, length L = 1875mm, E = 74 KN/ mm 2 . The cylinder subjected to an axial compressive bond of 225KN and internal pressure of 0.3447 N\ mm 2 . What is the margin of safety under this combined load system with 90% Probability and 95% confidence level (for thin interval Fccr / E = 0.000121 ) take µ = 0.3, η = 1.0, K c = 280 . [16]

5. Explain the phenomenon of distribution of concentrated loads on thin webs in aircraft structure. [16] 6. Find the shear centre for the wing section shown in figure. Web 3 has a thickness 1.6mm, and the other webs have thickness of 1mm. Assume G is constant for all cross- sections. The cross section is symmetrical about a horizontal. [16]

7.a) b)

Explain in detail the shear forces in tapered webs. Derive the relationships for shear force at any section of a tapered diagram tension field beam, subjected to a load at its free end perpendicular to the axis in the plane of the beam. [8+8] A steel ship deck plate G 2.5mm thick, 10m wide and 20m long (in the tensile stress direction). It is loaded with a normal tensile stress of 50 MPa. It is operated below its ductile to brittle transition temperature with K IC equal to 28.3Mpa m . If a 65mm long central hole transverse crack is present, estimate tensile stress at which catastrophic failure will occur. Compare thin stress with the yield strength of 240 Mpa for the steel. [16]

8.

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Code.No: 37152

R05

SET-2

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV .B.TECH – I SEM REGULAR EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DETAILED DESIGN (AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. a) Tricycle type of landing gear shown in fig.

Find the forces Gv, Fv, Hd, Fd, Hv of brace struts. Assume the data if necessary.

[16]

2. a) Discuss the structural functions of the various components of an aircraft with particular reference to the wing of a medium sized transport aircraft. b) Explain briefly what area the air forces acting in a wing of aircraft. [10+6] 3. a) How the structural idealization helpful for analysis of structure? b) Part a wing section in the form of a two-cell box shown-figure in which the vertical spars are connected to the wing skin through angle sections having a cross-sectional area of 300 mm 2 . Idealize the section into an arrangement of direct stress carrying booms and shears stress only carrying panel suitable for resisting bending moments in a vertical plane. Position the boom at the spar/skin junctions. [4+12]

4.a) Write about the classification of cylinders. b) Derive compressive buckling stress (Fcr ) and buckling coefficient ( K c ) for monocoque circular cylinder under axial compression. [6+10]

5. a) Write difference between monocoque and semimonocoque cylinder. b) A circular cylinder has a radius r = 1250mm length, length L = 1875mm and wall thickness (F) = 1125mm. What compressive load it will carry and also calculate geometrical parameter (Z), take µ = 0.3 . Buckling coefficient Kc = 280 , E= 74KN/ mm 2 . [6+10] 6. Derive the general wagner equation for the tension field beam theory. [16]

7. Determine the shear flow distribution in the web of the tapered beam shown in the figure below at a section midway along its length. The web of the beam has a thickness of 2 mm and is fully effective in resisting direct stresses. The beam tapers symmetrically about its horizontal centroidal axis and the cross section area of each flange is 400 mm 2 . [16]

8.

A plate of width 1.4 mm and length 2.8m is required to support tensile force in the 2.8m direction 5.0MN. Inspection procedure will only detect through thicken edge cracks larger than 2.7mm. The two Ti-6Al- 4 V alloys in table are being considered for this application, for which the safety factor must be 1.3 and minimum weight is important. Which alloy should be used? [16] Metal Ti- 6A1-4V Ti- 6A1-4V KIC MPa 115 55 m
S y Mpa

910 1035

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Code.No: 37152

R05

SET-3

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV .B.TECH – I SEM REGULAR EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DETAILED DESIGN (AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. a) Explain the working procedure of oleo struct? Explain construction detail with neat sketch. b) Explain design procedure for landing gear. [8+8] 2. A fuselage has the circular cross-section as shown in figure. The cross sectional area of each stringer is 100 mm 2 and the fuselage is subjected to bending moment of 200KNm applied in the vertical plane of symmetry, at thin section. Calculate the divert stress distribution. Take skin thickness (t) as 0.8mm [16]

3. a) b)

Determine the stress in a stiffened cylindrical structure under external loads. With a neat sketch, derive the boom area of any cross-section and also find out boom areas for axial loading and prove boarding moment. [8+8] A Circular cylinder has radius (r) = 1250mm a length L = 1875mm and wall thickness (t) = 1125mm. What compressive load will it carry? Using design values based on 90% probability, 95% confidence level ( for this case Fccr /E = 0.000121) and 99% probability , 95% confidence level ( for this case Fccr /E= 0.000082). Discuss above two levels. Take µ = 0.3, E = 74 KN/ mm 2 and for curve r/t = 1000 Geometrical Parameter(z) 2000 3000 Buckling Coefficient (Kc) 260 400 [16]

4.

5. a) Explain the different types of structural measures that are used in air craft structures. b) Explain different types of fuselage structures c) What are the monocoque and semi monocoque structures? Explain briefly with suitable example. [6+5+5] 6. Calculate the shear flows in the web panels and the axial loads in the flanger of the wing rib shown in fig. Assume that the web of the rib is effective only in shear while the resistance of the wing to bending moments is provided entirely by the three flanges 1, 2 and 3. [16]

7.

A cantilever beam of constant cross-section carrying a 60kN load at the free end. The beam will be strength checked for the given load. The material properties are as shown in figure. Web. : 2024-T3 alum.sheet Ftu = 442 Fty = 290 E = 72500 Flanger : 7075-T6 Ftu = 538
Fcy = 486

E = 71000

[16]

8. a) Explain why residual stress are important in failure analysis. b) Describe the concept of fatigue crack propagation. *****

[8+8]

Code.No: 37152

R05

SET-4

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV .B.TECH – I SEM REGULAR EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DETAILED DESIGN (AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Tricycle type of landing gear shown in fig.

Find the forces Gv, Fv, Hd, Fd, Hv of brace struts. Assume the data if necessary. 2.

[16]

What is effective sheet thickness and effective area of stringer type of fuselage section? Explain with the help of neat sketches. [16] The fuselage as shown in fig. is subjected to a bending moment of 100kN-m applied in the vertical plane of symmetry. If the section had been completely idealized into a combination of direct stress carrying and shear stress only carrying panels, determine the direct stress in each boom. [16]

3.

4. a)

Explain about buckling short cylinders, intermediate cylinders, long cylinders and very long cylinders. [16] b) Discuss buckling of monocoque circular cylinder under axial load and internal pressure. Explain buckling of a monocoque circular cylinder under external hydrostatic pressure Monocoque cylinder radius (r) = 1500mm, thickness t = 1.4mm, length L = 2200mm, µ = 0.3. Torsional buckling co-efficient ( Kt ) = 180. Find the geometrical parameter (Z) and what torsional moment will this cylinder develops. [16]

5. a) b)

6. a) b) i) ii)

Derive the approximate formula for semi-tension field beam A 50mm by 2.4mm steel tube is heat treated to a 6 + ultimate tensile strength σ tu = 1240 N / mm 2 Find the margin of safety if the tube resists a design tension load of 22000N and a design bending moment of 3.3 kN-m. Find the margin of safety if the tube resists a bending moment of 3.3KN-m and a torsional moment of 5.64KN-m. Assume σ B = 1466 N / mm2 and the ratio

τT = 0.58 . σ tu

[16]

7.

The cantilever beam shown in figure is uniformly tapered along its length in both X and Y directions and carries a load of 100k N at its free end. Calculate the forces in the booms and shear flow distribution in the walls at a section 2m from the built in end if the booms resist all the direct stresses while the walls are effective only in sheer. Each corner boom has a cross-sectional area of 900 mm 2 while both central booms have cross-sectional area of 1200 [16] mm 2 .

8.

Explain the theories of failure in structural design.

[16]

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