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CODE:33116

R05

SET- 1

**JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD II.B.TECH - I SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
**

ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY (Com. To EIE, BME, E. CONT. E, E.COMP.E, ICE)

Time: 3hours

1.a) b)

Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --Draw the O.C.C and load characteristics of a d.c compound generator. A 4 pole, wave wound armature has 800 conductors; a flux per pole of 30m wb/pole and runs at 650rpm. Calculate the e.m.f generated on open circuit. [8+8] State the advantages and disadvantages of Swinburnes test conducted on d.c shunt machine. Give the application of d.c shunt, series and compound motors. What happens if back emf is zero at the time of starting the motor? [16]

2.a) b) c) 3.a) b)

4.

Why the primary of the transformer draws current from the mains when the secondary is not carrying any load(open circuit)? A 500/250V, 50Hz, 1- φ transformer is to be worked at a maximum flux density of 1.5wb / m 2 in the core. The effective cross-sectional area of the core is 90cm 2 . Calculate the suitable values of the primary and secondary turns. [8+8] O.C and S.C tests on a 5KVA, 220/400V, 50HZ, 1-φ transformer gave the following results: O.C test: 220V, 2A, 100W (l.v. side) S.C test: 40V, 11.4A, 200W (h.v. side) Find the efficiency and approximate regulation of the transformer at full load 0.8 p.f lagging. [16] A 4 pole, 50HZ, 3-ph I.M has a rotor resistance of 0.02Ω per phase and stand still reactance of 0.5Ω per phase. Determine the speed at which the maximum torque is developed? With a neat sketch, explain the construction and principle of operation of 3-phase wound induction motor. [8+8] Explain the essential differences between cylindrical and salient pole type rotors used in large alternators. In an alternator, explain why S.C characteristic is a straight line where as O.C characteristic is a curve. [8+8] Draw the schematic diagram of two phase A.C servomotor. Explain its principle of working and also draw the torque-speed characteristics. State the applications of Synchro. [8+8] Compare M.C instruments with M.I instruments in any four aspects. [8+8] Explain the following with respect to indicating instruments: i) Deflecting torque. ii) Controlling torque. iii) Damping torque.

5.a)

b)

6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.a) b)

P.CODE:33116

R05

SET- 2

**JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD II.B.TECH - I SEMESTER SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
**

ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY (Com. To EIE, BME, E. CONT. E, E.COMP.E, ICE)

Time: 3hours

1.a) b)

Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --List out the differences between separately excited D.C generator and self excited d.c generator. Explain the function of commutator in case of d.c generator and d.c motor with a neat sketch. [8+8]

2.a) b)

What are the different methods of speed control used in d.c motors? State their relative merits and demerits. A 200V d.c shunt motor takes 45A when running at 750rpm. It has an armature resistance of 0.15Ω . Determine the speed and armature current if the field flux is weakened by 15%. Neglect the brush contact drop. [8+8] Give the constructional details of core type and shell type single phase transformers. A single phase, 250/500V, transformer gave the following results: O.C test: 250V, 1A, 80W on l.v. side S.C test: 20V, 12A, 100Watts on h.v. side Calculate the circuit constants and show them on an equivalent circuit. [8+8] Explain the variation of efficiency with power factor in case of single phase transformer. In a transformer, the core loss is 100watts at 60HZ and 72 watts at 40HZ. Find the hysterisis and eddy current loss at 50HZ. Define the regulation of a transformer? What is its significance? [16] Why starters are necessary for starting induction motors? Explain different starting methods of 3-phase I.M. [16] Obtain the expressions for distribution and coil span factors of an alternator. A 400V, 50KVA, 50HZ,3-phase, star connected alternator has the armature effective resistance of 0.15Ω per phase. An excitation of 2.5A produces on open circuit on e.m.f of 130V (line). The same excitation produces a current of 90A on short circuit. Calculate the full-load voltage regulation of the alternator at 0.8 pf lagging. [8+8]

3.a) b)

4.a) b) c) 5.

6.a) b)

3

7.a) b)

Draw a torque-speed curve of a single phase I.M on the basis of double field revolving theory. Which type of motor would you use in the following applications? i) Washing machine. ii) Portable electric machine. iii) Food mixer. iv) Refrigerator. State your reason. [8+8] Write the methods to extend the range of an ammeter and voltmeter. Explain the principle of working of attraction type M.I instrument with neat sketch. [8+8]

8.a) b)

4

P.CODE:33116

R05

SET- 3

**JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD II.B.TECH - I SEMESTER SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
**

ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY (Com. To EIE, BME, E. CONT. E, E.COMP.E, ICE)

Time: 3hours

Max.Marks:80

1.a) b) 2.a) b)

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --Draw and explain internal and external characteristics of all types of self excited generators. Explain armature reaction in a d.c generator with suitable diagrams. [8+8] Explain how is the torque developed in a d.c motor. A d.c series motor has a resistance of 1.5Ω between its terminals. The motor runs at 700 rpm at 230V by taking a current of 20A. Calculate the speed at which the motor will run when connected in series with a 4Ω resistance and taking the same current at the same supply voltage? [8+8] On what factors the e.m.f induced in a 1- φ transformer depends upon? Explain with the relevant mathematical expressions. The following results were obtained on a 50KVA, 2400/120V transformer. O.C test: (l.v. side) W= 396 watts; V = 120 volts; I = 9.65A. S.C test: (h.v. side) W=810 watts; V = 92V; I = 20.8A. Determine the equivalent circuit constants. [8+8] Why the transformer is having more efficiency than any other electrical machine? A single phase transformer working at UPF has an efficiency of 90% at both half load and at the full load of 500w. Determine the efficiency at 75% of full load and the maximum efficiency. [8+8] Obtain the expression for torque developed by 3-phase I.M. Draw typical torqueslip characteristics and deduce the condition for maximum torque at the time of starting and running conditions. [16] A 3-phase, star connected, 1000KVA, 2000V, 50HZ alternator gave the following open circuit and short circuit test readings. Field Current: (A) 10 20 25 30 40 50 O.C Voltage : (V) 800 1500 1760 2000 2350 2600 S.C armature current: (A) 200 250 300 The armature effective resistance per phase is 0.2Ω . Determine the full load percentage regulation at 0.8p.f lag and 0.8 p.f leading? [16] 5

3.a) b)

4.a) b)

5.

6.

7.a) b)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of 1- φ IM when compared with a 3-phase I.M? Explain the construction and working of a shaded pole motor with a neat sketch. [8+8] Derive an expression for deflecting torque in case of M.I instrument under steady state conditions. State the advantages and disadvantages of M.C instruments. [8+8]

8.a) b)

6

P.CODE:33116

R05

SET- 4

**JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD II.B.TECH - I SEMESTER SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
**

ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY (Com. To EIE, BME, E. CONT. E, E.COMP.E, ICE)

Time: 3hours

1.a) b)

c) 2.a)

Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --What are the various possible causes for d.c shunt generator for not build up of emf? A 440V, d.c. compound generator has an armature, series field and shunt field resistances of 0.5Ω , 1Ω and 200Ω respectively. Calculate the generated emf while delivering 35A to external circuit for both long shunt and short shunt connections? Explain the function of brushes in case of d.c. generator. [16]

b) 3.a) b)

A 220V, d.c. series motor is running at a speed of 800 rpm and draws 80A. Calculate at what speed the motor will run when developing half the torque. Total resistance of the armature and field is 0.2Ω . Assume that the magnetic circuit is unsaturated. Explain different types of losses that occur in a d.c. motor. [8+8] Draw the phasor diagram under full load condition at lagging and leading p.f loads of a 1- φ transformer. State the differences between distribution transformers and power transformers. Also state their applications. [8+8] Derive the condition for zero voltage regulation in a 1- φ transformer. A single phase, 100 KVA, 2000/200V, 50HZ transformer has an impedance drop of 10% and resistance drop of 5%. Calculate i) The regulation at full load 0.8 p.f lagging. ii) The value of the power factor at which the voltage regulation is maximum. [8+8] Compare 3-phase I.M with transformer in any four aspects. A 4 pole, 50HZ, 3-ph I.M has rotor resistance and stand still reactance of 0.03Ω and 0.15Ω per phase respectively. Calculate the value of the external rotor resistance per phase to be inserted to obtain 60% of maximum torque at the time of starting. [8+8] State the factors which responsible for making terminal voltage of an alternator less than the induced voltage. The stator of a 3-phase, 8 pole, 750 rpm, and alternator has 72 slots, each of which contains 10 conductors. Calculate the rms value of the e.m.f per phase if the flux per pole is 25m wb sinusoid ally distributed. Assume K c =0.96 and K d =0.98. [8+8]

4.a) b)

5.a) b)

6.a) b)

7

7.a)

b)

Explain the working principle of i) Split phase. ii) Capacitor start single phase I.M with the help of neat sketches. Give the applications of i) Stepper motor. ii) A.C Servomotor

[8+8]

8.a) b)

Why the M.I instruments are suitable to measure both a.c and d.c quantities? Derive an expression for deflecting torque in case of PMMC instrument under equilibrium conditions if it is spring controlled. [8+8]

8

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