# Code.

No: 26087

RR

SET-1

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010 PROCESS DYNAMICS AND CONTROL (CHEMICAL ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Describe how the mathematical models are helpful in the process analysis and design. b) A thermometer has a time constant of 3.5 seconds. It is quickly taken from a temperature of 00c to water bath at 1000C. What temperature will be indicated after 1.5 seconds? [8+8] 2. Consider a second-order system with the following transfer function. G ( s ) = Introduce a step change of magnitude 5 into the system and find a) Percent over shoot b) Decay ratio c) Maximum value of Y(t) d) Rise time e) Ultimate value of Y(t) f) Period of oscillation.
1 . s + 0.8s + 1
2

[16]

3.a) Give the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic controllers with electronic controller. b) Define proportional band and gain of a controller. How are they related? [8+8] 4. The set point of the control system shown below is given a step change of 0.1 units. (As shown in figure) Determine: a) The maximum value of C and the time at which it occurs. b) The offset. c) The period of oscillation – Draw the sketch of C(t) as a function of time. [16]

5.a) Determine the stability by Routh criterion. The characteristics S 4 + 3S 3 + 5 S 2 + 4 S + 2 = 0 b) What is the significance of block diagram in control system analysis?

equations [8+8]

is

6.a) What do you mean by “Root Locus”. Discuss in detail its application to control systems. b) Explain the term cross over frequency. [12+4] 7. Sketch the gain versus frequency asymptotic Bode diagram for the following transfer function. Also find the actual gain and phase angle at ω = 10 100 G ( s) = [16] (10 s + 1)( s + 1)

8.a) What do you mean by controller tuning? b) Explain the “process reaction curve method” of tuning used in industry.

[8+8]

--ooOoo--

Code.No: 26087

RR

SET-2

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010 PROCESS DYNAMICS AND CONTROL (CHEMICAL ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Give the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic controllers with electronic controller. b) Define proportional band and gain of a controller. How are they related? [8+8] 2. The set point of the control system shown below is given a step change of 0.1 units. (As shown in figure) Determine: a) The maximum value of C and the time at which it occurs. b) The offset. c) The period of oscillation – Draw the sketch of C(t) as a function of time. [16]

3.a) Determine the stability by Routh criterion. The characteristics S 4 + 3S 3 + 5 S 2 + 4 S + 2 = 0 b) What is the significance of block diagram in control system analysis?

equations [8+8]

is

4.a) What do you mean by “Root Locus”. Discuss in detail its application to control systems. b) Explain the term cross over frequency. [12+4] 5. Sketch the gain versus frequency asymptotic Bode diagram for the following transfer function. Also find the actual gain and phase angle at ω = 10 100 G ( s) = [16] (10 s + 1)( s + 1)

6.a) What do you mean by controller tuning? b) Explain the “process reaction curve method” of tuning used in industry.

[8+8]

7.a) Describe how the mathematical models are helpful in the process analysis and design. b) A thermometer has a time constant of 3.5 seconds. It is quickly taken from a temperature of 00c to water bath at 1000C. What temperature will be indicated after 1.5 seconds? [8+8]

8.

Consider a second-order system with the following transfer function. G ( s ) = Introduce a step change of magnitude 5 into the system and find a) Percent over shoot b) Decay ratio c) Maximum value of Y(t) d) Rise time e) Ultimate value of Y(t) f) Period of oscillation.

1 . s + 0.8s + 1
2

[16]

--ooOoo--

Code.No: 26087

RR

SET-3

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010 PROCESS DYNAMICS AND CONTROL (CHEMICAL ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Determine the stability by Routh criterion. The characteristics S 4 + 3S 3 + 5 S 2 + 4 S + 2 = 0 b) What is the significance of block diagram in control system analysis? equations [8+8] is

2.a) What do you mean by “Root Locus”. Discuss in detail its application to control systems. b) Explain the term cross over frequency. [12+4] 3. Sketch the gain versus frequency asymptotic Bode diagram for the following transfer function. Also find the actual gain and phase angle at ω = 10 100 G ( s) = [16] (10 s + 1)( s + 1)

4.a) What do you mean by controller tuning? b) Explain the “process reaction curve method” of tuning used in industry.

[8+8]

5.a) Describe how the mathematical models are helpful in the process analysis and design. b) A thermometer has a time constant of 3.5 seconds. It is quickly taken from a temperature of 00c to water bath at 1000C. What temperature will be indicated after 1.5 seconds? [8+8] 6. Consider a second-order system with the following transfer function. G ( s ) = Introduce a step change of magnitude 5 into the system and find a) Percent over shoot b) Decay ratio c) Maximum value of Y(t) d) Rise time e) Ultimate value of Y(t) f) Period of oscillation.
1 . s + 0.8s + 1
2

[16]

7.a) Give the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic controllers with electronic controller. b) Define proportional band and gain of a controller. How are they related? [8+8]

8.

The set point of the control system shown below is given a step change of 0.1 units. (As shown in figure) Determine: a) The maximum value of C and the time at which it occurs. b) The offset. c) The period of oscillation – Draw the sketch of C(t) as a function of time. [16]

--ooOoo--

Code.No: 26087

RR

SET-4

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010 PROCESS DYNAMICS AND CONTROL (CHEMICAL ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Sketch the gain versus frequency asymptotic Bode diagram for the following transfer function. Also find the actual gain and phase angle at ω = 10 100 G ( s) = [16] (10 s + 1)( s + 1)

2.a) What do you mean by controller tuning? b) Explain the “process reaction curve method” of tuning used in industry.

[8+8]

3.a) Describe how the mathematical models are helpful in the process analysis and design. b) A thermometer has a time constant of 3.5 seconds. It is quickly taken from a temperature of 00c to water bath at 1000C. What temperature will be indicated after 1.5 seconds? [8+8] 4. Consider a second-order system with the following transfer function. G ( s ) = Introduce a step change of magnitude 5 into the system and find a) Percent over shoot b) Decay ratio c) Maximum value of Y(t) d) Rise time e) Ultimate value of Y(t) f) Period of oscillation.
1 . s + 0.8s + 1
2

[16]

5.a) Give the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic controllers with electronic controller. b) Define proportional band and gain of a controller. How are they related? [8+8]

6.

The set point of the control system shown below is given a step change of 0.1 units. (As shown in figure) Determine: a) The maximum value of C and the time at which it occurs. b) The offset. c) The period of oscillation – Draw the sketch of C(t) as a function of time. [16]

7.a) Determine the stability by Routh criterion. The characteristics S 4 + 3S 3 + 5 S 2 + 4 S + 2 = 0 b) What is the significance of block diagram in control system analysis?

equations [8+8]

is

8.a) What do you mean by “Root Locus”. Discuss in detail its application to control systems. b) Explain the term cross over frequency. [12+4]

--ooOoo--