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P.

CODE:37277 R05 SET- 1

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD


IV.B.TECH - I SEMESTER REGULAR EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
(Common to ME, MCT)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---
1. a) Explain about the present position of power in India. With valid reasons explain whether
India will face power crisis in future or not.
b) Why ash and dust handling problem is more difficult than coal handling problems in
steam power plant. [8+8]

2. a) Derive an expression for the draught produced by a chimney.


b) Describe different types of overfeed stokers. [8+8]

3. a) What are the different methods of fuel injection used in internal combustion engine
power plants.
b) Mention the advantages and disadvantages of internal combustion engine power plants
over steam power plant. [8+8]

4. a) What are the major advantages of a combined cycle system over gas turbine power
plants.
b) Explain different methods used to improve the thermal efficiency of open cycle gas
turbine power plants. [8+8]

5. a) The catchment of the dam used for hydro electric station is 300km 2 . The annual rain fall
is 135cm. If 75% of the water in the dam is used for power generation at a head of 50m,
find the capacity of power plants in M.V. Assume the turbine efficiency of 90% and
generator efficiency of 95%. Neglect all other losses.
b) Give the classification of hydro electric power plants. [10+6]

6. a) Explain the working of fuel cell.


b) What do you understand by zero energy house. [8+8]

7. a) What do you understand by 3 stages nuclear programme of India.


b) Explain organic liquid cooled and moderated reactor plant with neat
diagram. [8+8]

8. a) Explain the methods to reduce the noise pollution.


b) What is the significance of two part tariff and three part tariff? Explain the advantages of
each over other. [8+8]
P.CODE:37277 R05 SET- 2

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD


IV.B.TECH - I SEMESTER REGULAR EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
(Common to ME, MCT)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---
1. a) Why the development of nuclear power is slow in India.
b) High ash content coals with high fusion temperature are preferred than coals having low
ash content but with low fusion temperature. Discuss. [8+8]

2. a) Describe the working of demineralising water treatment system with neat sketch.
b) What are the effects of impurities in feed water on the boiler. [8+8]

3. a) Explain the method of determining the annual fuel consumption and cooling water
requirement of a diesel electric power plant.
b) Explain the methods of cooling the circular water of a diesel power plant.[8+8]

4. a) Discuss the part load behavior of combined cycle plants and compare wit conventional
gas turbine plant of the same capacity.
b) Give the advantages and disadvantages of closed cycle gas turbine power
plant. [8+8]

5. a) What factor effects the run off data at a particular site?


b) What are the different factors to be considered while selecting the site for hydroelectric
power plant. [8+8]

6. a) What is the importance of solar power in the present energy in the world.
b) Mention the advantages of tidal power plant over the conventional hydel power plant.
[8+8]
7. a) Pressurized water reactor is a self regulation reactor and can be used for variable loads.
Justify this statement with reasons.
b) What are the problems faced by the engineers in the design of nuclear reactor? Explain
each in detail. [8+8]

8. a) Explain the reasons for acid rains. How they are controlled.
b) Two electrical units used for same purpose compared for their economical working :
i) Cost of first unit is Rs.5000and it takes 100K.W.
ii) Cost of second unit is Rs.14000 and it takes 60KW.
Each of them has useful life of 40,000 hours. Which unit will prove economical if the
energy is charged at Rs.80 per KW of maximum demand per year and 5 N.P per KWH.
[8+8]
P.CODE:37277 R05 SET- 3

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD


IV.B.TECH - I SEMESTER REGULAR EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
(Common to ME, MCT)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---
1. a) On what factors, coal is selected for steam power plants. Explain?
b) Explain different methods used for coal weighing at plant site. [8+8]

2. a) What are the different centrifugal fans used for draught system. Explain with neat sketches.
b) Why the height of the chimney and the gas exit velocity are important in chimney design.
[8+8]
3. a) Explain the essential components of diesel power plant.
b) Write short notes on duel engines. [8+8]

4. a) Why lean air fuel ratio is used in gas turbines.


b) Explain with neat sketch, combustion chamber used in open cycle gas turbine power plant.
[8+8]
5. a) What do you understand by pump storage plant.
b) Explain the functions of draft tube with a neat sketch. [8+8]

6. a) Explain the working of a vertical axis wind mill with neat sketch.
b) What are the methods used to overcome the fluctuating power generation of
wind mill [8+8]

7. a) What do you understand by ‘ Pinch Point’ in gas cooled reactor? How this effects the
performance and power output of a reactor.
b) Why boiling water reactor is only useful for base load plants. [8+8]

8. a) Explain different method adopted to control the nuclear pollution.


b) Find the cost of generation per KW-hr from the following data.
Capacity of the plant = 120MW
Capital cost = Rs.1200 per KW installed
Interest and depreciation = 10% on capital
Fuel consumption = 1.2 Kg/KW-hr
Fuel cost = Rs.40 per tonne.
Salaries, wages repairs = Rs.6,00,000 per year.
Maximum demand = 80MW
Load factor = 40% [16]
P.CODE:37277 R05 SET-4

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD


IV.B.TECH - I SEMESTER REGULAR EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
(Common to ME, MCT)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---
1. a) Why mechanical collector with electro static precipitator is preferred than a single unit?
Explain.
b) Explain Meyer’s process of Desulphurization with flow diagram. [8+8]

2. a) What is the necessity of combustion control in furnaces?


b) With a neat diagram, explain Hagan automatic control combustion system.[8+8]

3. Write short notes on the following related to diesel power plants.


a) Air supply system b) Lubrication system. c) Starting system. [16]

4. a) Why the maximum temperature in the gas turbine cycle is limited to 8500 C.
b) Describe the working of a simple constant pressure open cycle gas turbine
plant. [8+8]

5. a) Explain different types of surge tanks with neat sketches.


b) What types of turbine will be selected for head of
i) 200m ii) 60m iii) 10m [8+8]

6. a) Explain different sources of geothermal energy.


b) Which factors effects the size of a wind power plant. [8+8]

7. a) Why the moderator is not required in breeder reactors.


b) List out the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear plants over thermal power plant.
[8+8]
8. a) Explain the effects of thermal pollution.
b) The following data pertains to a power plant of 120MW capacity.
Capital cost = Rs.1500/KW.
Interest and depreciation = 10% on capital
Annual running charges = Rs.20 × 106
Profit to be gained = 10% of the capital
Energy consumed by the
Power plant auxiliaries = 5% of generated
Annual load factor = 0.6
Annual capacity factor = 0.5
Calculate i) The reserve capacity
ii) Cost of generation per KW hr. [16]

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