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Determination of the Order Priority

Use
If an order or schedule line is created manually or automatically in Production Planning and
Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS), the system determines the priority of the order or schedule line.
The order priority is valid for:
An in-house production order for all receipt and requirement elements of the order
An external procurement order for all receipt and requirement elements of the schedule line

To keep things simple, only the term order is used from now on.
You can change the order priority as follows:
Manually in the product view
Using the heuristic SAP_PP_012 for changing order priorities

You use the order priority for specific, priority-dependent sequencing for orders; for example,
with DS heuristics or with PP/DS optimization.

Features
Priority values
An order can have a priority between 0 and 255. The value 1 is the highest priority. The value
255 is the lowest priority you can enter. If a value has not been entered for the priority, or if you
enter a zero, this corresponds to priority 256, the lowest priority.
Automatic priority determination
In the planning version, you define in the PP/DS: Determine Priority field how the system
should determine the priority of an order. You have the following options:
For make-to-order planning from sales order, otherwise from product
If

you plan a product with a make-to-order production strategy, the orders inherit the priority of
the sales order.
If you plan a product using a make-to-stock production strategy, the orders acquire the priority
that you entered in the location product master on the SNP2 tab page. The priority field on
the PP/DS tab page is only for display purposes.
Always passed on from requirement
An order always inherits the priority from the requirement for which it was created to cover.
In the case of make-to-order production, the customer requirement passes on its priority
across all production levels to all orders that the system creates to cover the dependent
requirements and stock transfer requirements.

Since

planned independent requirements do not have a priority, orders that the system
creates to cover planned independent requirements are not prioritized.

Always passed on from product


An order acquires the priority that you entered for the primary product in the location product
master.

Manually created orders always acquire the priority from the product master. Orders you create
in PP/DS by converting SNP orders or by converting ATP tree structures do not acquire a
priority.
Manually changing the priority
You can change the priority of an order in the product view for the order product on the Elements
tab page. For a planned order, you have to be in the product view of the primary product. You
cannot change the order priority in the product view of the dependent or stock transfer
requirements.
Differing order priorities
The net requirements calculation and dynamic pegging do not take account of order priorities.
The system is able to cover a requirement with low priority with a receipt with high priority,
which has possibly been created to cover a requirement with high priority. This is of particular
relevance to the make-to-stock production levels. You can use the standard heuristic
SAP_PP_012 for changing order priorities to adjust the priority of an order to the priority of the
requirement for which a dynamic pegging relationship exists.
Integration with SAP R/3
Since the order priority is of particular relevance to planning in SAP APO, the order priorities of
procurement proposals, which you create in SAP APO, are not integrated with SAP R/3. In the
case of manufacturing orders, only the priorities 1 to 9 are integrated with SAP R/3.