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No: 35009

R05

SET-1

**JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
**

III.B.TECH - I SEMESTER SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009 POWER ELECTRONICS (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a] Explain the operating features of BJT, power MOSFET and SCR. b] Draw the dynamic characteristics of SCR during “turn-off” and explain its salient points. [8+8] 2.a] How is the SCR protected from high dv/dt and di/dt? Explain. b] Explain R and RC circuits for firing a SCR. [8+8] 3.a] b] Discuss about phase control techniques in converters. Explain the operation of a single phase, mid point, half wave converter with R-Load. A single phase, half controlled bridge converter feeds a load of R = 10 ohms and L = 10mH. The supply voltage is 230V at 50Hz. Compute the average output voltage and average load current for a firing angle of 450 . [8+8] Derive an expression for the input power factor of single phase fully controlled bridge rectifier. Discuss the effect of source inductance on converter circuits. Derive an expression for average output voltage of single phase fully controlled converter in terms of firing angle and overlap angle. [8+8] Explain the operation of three phase half controlled converter for a firing angle of 600 with neat circuit diagram and waveforms. A resistive load of 10 ohms is connected to a 3-phase full converter. The load takes 5KW for a firing angle delay of 700 . Find the magnitude of per phase input supply voltage. [8+8]

4.a] b]

5.a] b]

A single phase, ac voltage controller is feeding a resistive load. Then draw the waveforms of source voltage, gating signals, output voltage, source and output currents and voltage across SCRs. b] Explain the operation of single phase, mid-point cyclo converter when fed from a 230V, 50Hz source and controlling power to R-load. Draw the relevant waveforms for fo = 3fs. [8+8] 7.a] b] Explain the time ratio control strategy used for choppers. For a given ideal type-A chopper circuit, Edc = 220V , chopping frequency = 500Hz, duty cycle = 0.3, R = 1 ohm, L = 3mH and Eb = 23V . Calculate the average output current. Mention whether the load current is continuous or not. [8+8] 8.a] Discuss different methods of forced communication techniques commonly used in inverters. b] Explain single pulse width modulation techniques used for single phase bridge inverter? Mention its salient features. [8+8]

6.a]

***************

Code.No: 35009

R05

SET-2

**JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
**

III.B.TECH - I SEMESTER SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009 POWER ELECTRONICS (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a] Sketch the static V-I characteristics of SCR and explain its salient points. b] Define turn-on time and turn-off times. Sketch the dynamic characteristics of SCR to support these definitions. [8+8] 2.a] b] Explain the two transistor analogy of SCR. Derive an expression for a node current. Explain the operation of class C commutation circuit and also mention its applications. [8+8]

3.a] Explain the operation of single phase fully controlled bridge converter with Rload and derive an expression for average output voltage. b] Explain the operation of single phase, half wave, and midpoint converter with RL load. [8+8] 4.a] b] Explain the operation of single phase fully controlled bridge converter with RL load for continuous and discontinuous current modes. A single phase fully controlled converter is feeding power to RL load when connected to 230V, 50Hz supply. Calculate average load voltage, load current and power dissipation, if R=10ohms and L=30mH with a firing angle of 600 . [8+8] Derive the expressions for peak value of the circulating current in a dual converter. A three phase, half wave converter is operated from a three phase, star connected 220V, 60Hz supply and load resistance is R=15 ohms. If the average output voltage is 25% of maximum possible average output voltage, calculate i) Firing angle ii) RMS and average output currents. [8+8] A single phase, ac voltage controllers feeds power to a resistive load of 4 ohms from 230V, 50Hz sources. Determine i) The maximum values of average and rms thyristor currents for any firing angle ‘ α ’. ii) The minimum circuit turn-off time for any firing angle ‘ α ’ iii) The maximum values of di/dt occurring in the thyristors. [16] Explain the principle of operation of Morgon’s chopper for resistive load. A load commutated chopper fed from a 230V, dc source and has a constant load current of 50A. For a blocking period of 0.3ms and a chopping frequency of 2KHz. calculate the average output voltage and circuit turn-off time. [8+8] Explain the simple series inverter circuit employing class-A type commutation. Compare sinusoidal pulse width modulation over multiple pulse width modulation. [8+8] *****

5.a] b]

6.

7.a] b]

8.a] b]

Code.No: 35009

R05

SET-3

**JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
**

III.B.TECH - I SEMESTER SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009 POWER ELECTRONICS (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a] Discuss various voltage and current ratings of SCR. b] Draw the dynamic characteristics of SCR during “turn-on” and explain its operation. [8+8] 2.a] b] 3. Explain the principle of operation of SCR using its schematic diagram. Explain the operation of class-A and class-B commutation circuits.

[8+8]

A single phase, half wave, bridge converter is used to supply a RL load, where R=10 ohms and L=15mH. The supply voltage is 230V at 50HZ. Derive an expression for average output voltage. And also calculate the average load voltage, average load current and input power factor for a firing angle of 300 . [16] Explain the operation of single phase, two pulse, midpoint converter feeding R-load. Also derive an expression for average output voltage. Discuss the effect of free wheeling diode and source inductance on the performance of converter circuits. [8+8] For a 3-phase full converter, explain how the output voltage varies for a firing angle of 0 (i) Phase voltages (ii) Line voltages. 60 , using A three-phase-fully controlled bridge converter is supplying a dc load of 400V, 60A from a three phase 50Hz, 660V (line) supply. If the thyristor have a voltage drops of 1.2V when conducting, calculate firing angle of thyristor and rms value of thyristor currents, neglecting overlap. [8+8] Explain the working of single phase, ac voltage controller when fed from 230V, 50Hz ac source and controlling power to RL load. Derive the expression for average output voltage. A single phase, ac full wave controller supplies an R-load. The input voltage is 120V at 60Hz and the load resistance is 5 ohms. The delay angles of both the thyristors are 0 equal to 60 . Determine the conduction angles of the thyristor and rms output voltage. [8+8] Explain the operation of a basic dc chopper and obtain the following as a function of Edc , R and duty cycle D. i) Average output voltage and current. ii) RMS value of the output voltage iii) RMS and average load currents. [16] Explain the principle of operation of McMurray-Bedford inverter. Explain multiple pulse width modulation technique employed in voltage control of inverter? Discuss its merits and demerits. [8+8] *****

4.a] b]

5.a] b]

6.a] b]

7.

8.a] b]

Code.No: 35009

R05

SET-4

**JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
**

III.B.TECH - I SEMESTER SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009 POWER ELECTRONICS (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a] Discuss various modes of operation of a thyristor with the help of V-I characteristics. b] Explain the operation of power MOSFET and power IGBT with the help of their characteristics. [8+8] 2.a] b] Explain in detail about the parallel operation of SCRs? Define and derive its string efficiency. What is commutation? Discuss the operation of class-B commutation circuit. [8+8] Explain the operation of a single phase half controlled converter with free wheeling diode and feeding to RL-load. A single phase, half controlled bridge converter feeds a load of R=10 ohms and L=25mH. The supply voltage is 230V at 50Hz. Calculate the average output voltage and average load current for a firing angle of 300 . [8+8] Explain the operation of a single phase, two pulse, midpoint converter feeding R- load. Also derive an expression for average output voltage. A single phase, fully controlled bridge converter is connected to RLE load. The input voltage source is 230V at 50Hz. The average load current of 10 amperes is continuously maintained over the working range, and R=0.3 ohms and L=2mH. Compute the firing angle, when i) E = 120V ii) E = -120V [8+8] A three-phase-fully controlled thyristor bridge converter supplies a dc voltage source of 400V having an internal resistance of 1.5 ohms. Assume highly inductive load with a constant load current of 20A. The supply RMS load voltage per phase is 230V and source inductance in each phase is 0.005H. Compute the following by ignoring the source resistance. (i) Firing angle for an output voltage of 436V (ii) Overlap angle. [16] A single phase, ac voltage controller controls the power input to a load circuit consisting of R=3 ohms and ωL=4 ohms. If the supply voltage is 230V, 50HZ, Calculate i) Control range of firing angle ii) Maximum power input to the load Explain the operation of a single phase, step up bridge type cyclo converter feeding a Rload. Draw the relevant waveforms for fo = 4fs. [8+8]

3.a] b]

4.a] b]

5.

6.a]

b]

7.a] b]

Explain the principle of operation of Jone’s chopper. A single dc chopper is operating at a frequency of 2 KHz from a 96V dc source to supply a load resistance of 8 ohms. The time constant is 6ms. If the average load voltage is 57.6V, find 't'on period of the chopper and the average load current. [8+8] Explain the operation of a parallel inverter? Discuss its merits and demerits. Write short notes on different pulse width modulation techniques. [8+8]

8.a] b]

*****

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