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2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010

HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS

Aeronautical Engineering

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

?????

(b) Show that for an ideal gas in an isothermal process, the bulk modulus is equal

to pressure. 1m3 of a fluid at a pressure of 1 bar is compressed isothermally

to a volume of 0.885m3 raising its pressure to 3600 bar.

(c) Determine its bulk modulus of elasticity. [5+5+6]

Mach number at which it starts showing its presence. Show that the pressure

coefficient Cp at Mach number is different from that in an incompressible flow.

Can you show it by another method? Make use of sketches and plots. [16]

3. A Pitot tube was inserted into an airflow where the static pressure is 1atm. Cal-

culate the flow Mach number when the Pitot tube measures

(b) 2.714 atm

(c) 12.06 atm.

(d) Derive the Rayleigh’s Pitot tube formula used [3+3+3+7]

2 ∂2φ 2 ∂2φ

(1 − M∞ ) ∂x2 + ∂∂yφ2 = M∞

2

(γ + 1) ∂φ

∂x ∂x2

, where φ is the perturbation potential and

M∞ is the free stream Mach number of the flow. Develop the expression for the

pressure coefficient Cp [Cp = 1p−p

ρ V2

∞

in incompressible flow ] in terms of the flow

2 ∞ ∞

over an elongated body. [16]

a sharp corner through a deflection angle of 23.380 . Calculate M2 , p2 , T2 , p0,2 , T0,2

and the angles that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the

up stream flow. [16]

6. A nozzle in a supersonic wind tunnel produces a test section Mach number of 2.0.

Air enters the C-D nozzle from a reservoir at 0.69 bar and 310 K. The cross-sectional

area of the throat is 1000 cm2 . Determine the following quantities;

(a) Pressure, temperature and velocity at the throat and test section,

(b) Area of cross-section of the test section,

(c) Mass flow rate and

1

Code No: 26068 RR Set No. 2

(d) Power required to drive the compressor. [16]

(b) Hence show that the down stream Mach number M2 is given in terms of Mn,2

Mn,2

as given below: M2 = sin(β−θ) , where θ = the semi wedge angle and β = the

shock angle measured from the axis of the wedge.

(c) Confirm from your work out that the tangential component of the flow velocity

is constant across an oblique shock. [5+6+5]

8. Derive the following relation for one dimensional isentropic flow as given blow;

(γ+1)/2(γ−1)

A 1 2 γ−1 2

A∗

= M γ+1

+ γ+1

M . Explain its significance in gas dynamics. [16]

?????

2

Code No: 26068 RR Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010

HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS

Aeronautical Engineering

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

?????

1. Derive the following relation for one dimensional isentropic flow as given blow;

(γ+1)/2(γ−1)

A 1 2 γ−1 2

A∗

= M γ+1

+ γ+1

M . Explain its significance in gas dynamics. [16]

a sharp corner through a deflection angle of 23.380 . Calculate M2 , p2 , T2 , p0,2 , T0,2

and the angles that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the

up stream flow. [16]

(b) Show that for an ideal gas in an isothermal process, the bulk modulus is equal

to pressure. 1m3 of a fluid at a pressure of 1 bar is compressed isothermally

to a volume of 0.885m3 raising its pressure to 3600 bar.

(c) Determine its bulk modulus of elasticity. [5+5+6]

2 ∂2φ 2 ∂2φ

(1 − M∞ ) ∂x2 + ∂∂yφ2 = M∞

2

(γ + 1) ∂φ

∂x ∂x2

, where φ is the perturbation potential and

M∞ is the free stream Mach number of the flow. Develop the expression for the

pressure coefficient Cp [Cp = 1p−p

ρ V2

∞

in incompressible flow ] in terms of the flow

2 ∞ ∞

over an elongated body. [16]

5. A Pitot tube was inserted into an airflow where the static pressure is 1atm. Cal-

culate the flow Mach number when the Pitot tube measures

(b) 2.714 atm

(c) 12.06 atm.

(d) Derive the Rayleigh’s Pitot tube formula used [3+3+3+7]

Mach number at which it starts showing its presence. Show that the pressure

coefficient Cp at Mach number is different from that in an incompressible flow.

Can you show it by another method? Make use of sketches and plots. [16]

7. A nozzle in a supersonic wind tunnel produces a test section Mach number of 2.0.

Air enters the C-D nozzle from a reservoir at 0.69 bar and 310 K. The cross-sectional

area of the throat is 1000 cm2 . Determine the following quantities;

(a) Pressure, temperature and velocity at the throat and test section,

3

Code No: 26068 RR Set No. 4

(b) Area of cross-section of the test section,

(c) Mass flow rate and

(d) Power required to drive the compressor. [16]

(b) Hence show that the down stream Mach number M2 is given in terms of Mn,2

Mn,2

as given below: M2 = sin(β−θ) , where θ = the semi wedge angle and β = the

shock angle measured from the axis of the wedge.

(c) Confirm from your work out that the tangential component of the flow velocity

is constant across an oblique shock. [5+6+5]

?????

4

Code No: 26068 RR Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010

HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS

Aeronautical Engineering

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

?????

1. A nozzle in a supersonic wind tunnel produces a test section Mach number of 2.0.

Air enters the C-D nozzle from a reservoir at 0.69 bar and 310 K. The cross-sectional

area of the throat is 1000 cm2 . Determine the following quantities;

(a) Pressure, temperature and velocity at the throat and test section,

(b) Area of cross-section of the test section,

(c) Mass flow rate and

(d) Power required to drive the compressor. [16]

(b) Show that for an ideal gas in an isothermal process, the bulk modulus is equal

to pressure. 1m3 of a fluid at a pressure of 1 bar is compressed isothermally

to a volume of 0.885m3 raising its pressure to 3600 bar.

(c) Determine its bulk modulus of elasticity. [5+5+6]

3. Derive the following relation for one dimensional isentropic flow as given blow;

(γ+1)/2(γ−1)

A 1 2 γ−1 2

A∗

= M γ+1 + γ+1 M . Explain its significance in gas dynamics. [16]

Mach number at which it starts showing its presence. Show that the pressure

coefficient Cp at Mach number is different from that in an incompressible flow.

Can you show it by another method? Make use of sketches and plots. [16]

(b) Hence show that the down stream Mach number M2 is given in terms of Mn,2

Mn,2

as given below: M2 = sin(β−θ) , where θ = the semi wedge angle and β = the

shock angle measured from the axis of the wedge.

(c) Confirm from your work out that the tangential component of the flow velocity

is constant across an oblique shock. [5+6+5]

2 ∂2φ 2 ∂2φ

(1 − M∞ ) ∂x2 + ∂∂yφ2 = M∞

2

(γ + 1) ∂φ

∂x ∂x2

, where φ is the perturbation potential and

M∞ is the free stream Mach number of the flow. Develop the expression for the

pressure coefficient Cp [Cp = 1p−p

ρ V2

∞

in incompressible flow ] in terms of the flow

2 ∞ ∞

over an elongated body. [16]

5

Code No: 26068 RR Set No. 1

7. A supersonic flow with M1 = 2.0, p1 = 1 atm, and T1 = 520 K is expanded around

a sharp corner through a deflection angle of 23.380 . Calculate M2 , p2 , T2 , p0,2 , T0,2

and the angles that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the

up stream flow. [16]

8. A Pitot tube was inserted into an airflow where the static pressure is 1atm. Cal-

culate the flow Mach number when the Pitot tube measures

(b) 2.714 atm

(c) 12.06 atm.

(d) Derive the Rayleigh’s Pitot tube formula used [3+3+3+7]

?????

6

Code No: 26068 RR Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010

HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS

Aeronautical Engineering

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

?????

(b) Show that for an ideal gas in an isothermal process, the bulk modulus is equal

to pressure. 1m3 of a fluid at a pressure of 1 bar is compressed isothermally

to a volume of 0.885m3 raising its pressure to 3600 bar.

(c) Determine its bulk modulus of elasticity. [5+5+6]

2. Derive the following relation for one dimensional isentropic flow as given blow;

(γ+1)/2(γ−1)

A 1 2 γ−1 2

A∗

= M γ+1 + γ+1 M . Explain its significance in gas dynamics. [16]

3. A Pitot tube was inserted into an airflow where the static pressure is 1atm. Cal-

culate the flow Mach number when the Pitot tube measures

(b) 2.714 atm

(c) 12.06 atm.

(d) Derive the Rayleigh’s Pitot tube formula used [3+3+3+7]

2 ∂2φ 2 ∂2φ

(1 − M∞ ) ∂x2 + ∂∂yφ2 = M∞

2

(γ + 1) ∂φ

∂x ∂x2

, where φ is the perturbation potential and

M∞ is the free stream Mach number of the flow. Develop the expression for the

pressure coefficient Cp [Cp = 1p−p

ρ V2

∞

in incompressible flow ] in terms of the flow

2 ∞ ∞

over an elongated body. [16]

5. A nozzle in a supersonic wind tunnel produces a test section Mach number of 2.0.

Air enters the C-D nozzle from a reservoir at 0.69 bar and 310 K. The cross-sectional

area of the throat is 1000 cm2 . Determine the following quantities;

(a) Pressure, temperature and velocity at the throat and test section,

(b) Area of cross-section of the test section,

(c) Mass flow rate and

(d) Power required to drive the compressor. [16]

Mach number at which it starts showing its presence. Show that the pressure

coefficient Cp at Mach number is different from that in an incompressible flow.

Can you show it by another method? Make use of sketches and plots. [16]

7

Code No: 26068 RR Set No. 3

7. A supersonic flow with M1 = 2.0, p1 = 1 atm, and T1 = 520 K is expanded around

a sharp corner through a deflection angle of 23.380 . Calculate M2 , p2 , T2 , p0,2 , T0,2

and the angles that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the

up stream flow. [16]

(b) Hence show that the down stream Mach number M2 is given in terms of Mn,2

Mn,2

as given below: M2 = sin(β−θ) , where θ = the semi wedge angle and β = the

shock angle measured from the axis of the wedge.

(c) Confirm from your work out that the tangential component of the flow velocity

is constant across an oblique shock. [5+6+5]

?????

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