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Elements of Civil Engineering

Elements of Civil Engineering


Multiple Choice Questions
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Which of the following is the oldest branch of engineering?


(a) Civil engineering
(b) Military engineering
(c) Structural engineering
(d) None of these.
In India education in civil engineering was pioneered by.
(a) Civil engineering
(b) Military engineering
(c) Structural engineering
(d) None of these.
Civil engineering is the field of engineering concerned with
(a) Planning, design and construction of
(b) Development of natural
structures
resources
(c) Maintenance and repairing works.
(d) All above.
The design of road/rail signs, signals and marking is dealt in
(a) Building construction
(b) Traffic engineering
(c) Structural engineering
(d) Environmental engineering
The design of waterways, erosion and flood protection measures is undertaken in
(a) Water resources engineering
(b) Environmental engineering
(c) Transportation engineering
(d) Structural engineering
Construction schedule is prepared using
(a) CPM
(b) PERT
(c) Bar chart
(d) None of these
Which one of the following is scheduling technique
(a) CPM
(b) PERT
(c) Bar chart
(d) All of these
Which one of the following is activity oriented network technique?
(a) PERT
(b) CPM
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Bar chart
Total float is CPM can be calculated as
(a) LST-EST
(b) LFT-EFT
(c) LST-EFT
(d) Both (a) and (b)
The activity with float zero is known as
(a) Preceding activity
(b) Succeeding activity
(c) Critical activity
(d) None of above
Main constituents of cement are
(a) Silica and clay
(b) Lime and alumina
(c) Lime, silica and clay
(d) Alumina, iron oxide and
magnesia
Cement gives _______________ strength.
(a) Tensile
(b) Compressive
(c) Shear
(d) Torsional

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Elements of Civil Engineering

Cement concrete is a mixture of


(a) Cement and sand
(b) Cement, sand and aggregate
(c) Cement and aggregate
(d) None of these
In mortar, the binding material is
(a) Cement
(b) Sand
(c) Lime stone
(d) Cinder
The mortar is which both cement and lime are used as binding materials, is called
(a) Cement mortar
(b) Lime mortar
(c) Fire resistant mortar
(d) Gauged mortar
For a good concrete
(a) Aggregates should be hard and
(b) Cement should be sufficient to
durable
produce the required strength
(c) Mixing of ingredients should be done
(d) All the above
thoroughly so as to produce
homogeneity
The stone used for ornamental carving, monumental buildings, etc., is
(a) Sand stone
(b) Lime stone
(c) Granite
(d) Basalt
The major component of brick is
(a) Silica
(b) Magnesia
(c) Lime
(d) Alumina
The size of modular brick is
(a) 20 x 10 x 10 cm
(b) 19 x 9 x 9 cm
(c) 20 x 10 x 5 cm
(d) None of these
The stone that is suitable for bridge pier, abutments etc., is
(a) Sand stone
(b) Lime stone
(c) Granite
(d) Trap
The shape of aggregate that gives maximum strength is
(a) Flaky aggregate
(b) Elongated aggregate
(c) Rounded aggregate
(d) Cubical aggregate
Seasoning of timber is done to achieve
(a) Reduction of weight
(b) Increase in strength
(c) Reduction in shrinkage and warping
(d) All of the above
Plywood is designed by its
(a) Weight
(b) Thickness
(c) Volume
(d) Number of layers
Plywood has maximum strength
(a) Along the grain
(b) Across the grains
(c) Perpendicular to the grains
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Age of tree may be ascertained by
(a) Radius of its stem
(b) Circumference of its stem
(c) Number of branches
(d) Number of annual rings
Inner part of a timber log surrounding the pitch is called
(a) Sapwood
(b) Cambium layer
(c) heartwood
(d) None of these

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Elements of Civil Engineering

Plywood is obtained by gluing wooden sheets


(a) At a pressure of 100 to 150 N/cm2
(b) At temperature of 100 to 130C
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)
A ferrous metal is
(a) Cast iron
(b) Wrought iron
(c) steel
(d) All the above
Brass is an alloy of
(a) Copper and zinc
(b) Zinc and lead
(c) Zinc and nickel
(d) Copper and manganese
The crudest form of iron is
(a) Wrought iron
(b) Cast iron
(c) Mild steel
(d) Pig iron
Which has the least percentage of carbon?
(a) Mild steel
(b) Wrought iron
(c) Pig iron
(d) Cast iron
Which metal is extracted form galena?
(a) copper
(b) Aluminum
(c) Silver
(d) Lead
Bed room should have an aspect of
(a) West or north west
(b) South or south west
(c) south
(d) north-east
Suitable shape of room from roominess point of view should be
(a) Rectangular
(b) Square
(c) Either (a) or (b)
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Privacy is an important principle of planning in case of
(a) Industrial building
(b) Commercial building
(c) Residential building
(d) All of these.
Horizontal circulation is achieved in residential building by providing
(a) Corridors
(b) Passages
(c) Lobbies
(d) All of these
Sanitation in a building refers to provide
(a) Ample light
(b) Ventilation
(c) Cleanliness
(d) None of these
Which one of the following principles of planning almost controls the whole planning
(a) Elegance
(b) Flexibility
(c) Economy
(d) Circulation
The factor affecting orientation is
(a) Solar heat
(b) Direction of breeze
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these
The house having margins on three of its sides is called
(a) Detached house
(b) Semi-detached house
(c) Row house
(d) Flat
The dimension given in line diagram should be read as
(a) x x y
(b) y x x
(c) Either (a) or (b)
(d) Both (a) and (b)

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Elements of Civil Engineering

The longs walls are placed in


(a) North and east
(b) East and west
(c) North and south
(d) North and west
The short walls are placed in
(a) North and east
(b) East and west
(c) North and south
(d) North and west
Verandah and balcony should be located adjacent to the wall which are exposed to
(a) East and west
(b) West and south
(c) North and south
(d) North and east
Number of treads in a staircase is equal to
(a) Number of risers
(b) Number of risers + 1
(c) Number of risers - 1
(d) None of these
Nominal size of door is
(a) 1.5 x 1.5 m
(b) 1.0 x 2.0 m
(c) 1.2 x 2.1 m
(d) None
The height of sill level above ground level is
(a) 0.9 m
(b) 1.5 m
(c) 3.0 m
(d) 2.0 m
The window ends at _________ level
(a) Sill
(b) Lintel
(c) Slab
(d) Plinth
Window is meant for_______
(a) Circulation
(b) Sanitation
(c) Roominess
(d) Ventilation
Which of the following is the structural element?
(a) Beam
(b) Column
(c) Slab
(d) All of the above
A man in a building is ________ type of load
(a) Dead
(b) Live
(c) Static
(d) Dynamic
Rainfall and snow fall is
(a) Dead load
(b) Live load
(c) Loads on floors
(d) None
Plinth is a part of
(a) Superstructure
(b) Substructure
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None
Maximum desirable height of riser for residential building is
(a) 20 cm
(b) 30 cm
(c) 40 cm
(d) 25 cm
The ceiling height of a building is
(a) Between ceiling and ground level
(b) Between ceiling and floor level
(c) Upto roof above ground level
(d) Upto ceiling from ground level
The columns of multi-storeyed buildings are designed to withstand the forces due to
(a) Dead loads
(b) Live loads
(c) Earthquake loads
(d) All of the above

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Elements of Civil Engineering

In hydrological cycle, which state of the water is meaningful?


(a) Gas
(b) Liquid
(c) Solid
(d) All of the above
Precipitation is also known as
(a) Wind
(b) Evaporation
(c) Rainfall
(d) None of these
The _______ % of the total water is fresh water on planet earth.
(a) 3%
(b) 7%
(c) 13%
(d) 33%
Watershed development could be useful in
(a) Reduction of flow velocity
(b) Reduction of soil erosion
(c) Augmentation of water recharge
(d) All of the above.
Which one of the following is not a hydraulic structure?
(a) Dam
(b) Weir
(c) Soak pit
(d) Canal
The quantities of water required for domestic use is
(a) 50 lpcd
(b) 100 lpcd
(c) 135 lpcd
(d) 270 lpcd
Fastest mode of transportation is
(a) Highway
(b) Railways
(c) Airways
(d) Waterways
No parking sign is a type of
(a) Regulatory sign
(b) Warning sign
(c) Informatory sign
(d) None
Hair pin bend sign is a type of
(a) Regulatory sign
(b) Warning sign
(c) Informatory sign
(d) None
Give-way sign is
(a) Regulatory sign
(b) Warning sign
(c) Informatory sign
(d) None
State highways are supposed to connect
(a) Major ports
(b) Capitals of state
(c) Foreign highways
(d) District headquarters
Major district roads are supposed to connect
(a) State capitals
(b) District headquarters
(c) Foreign highways
(d) Areas of production & markets
Surfaced roads are provided with
(a) Bituminous surface
(b) Cement surface
(c) Both
(d) None
B.O.T means
(a) Build, own, transfer
(b) Build, operate, transfer
(c) Built, own, taken
(d) Built, operate, toll
Which one is not true with BOT projects?
(a) Concession given by private party
(b) Financed by the private party
(c) Maintained by the private party
(d) Designed by the private party

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Elements of Civil Engineering

Timings of cycle of red, amber and green are varying according to the traffic demand in
the following signal.
(a) Fixed time signal
(b) Traffic actuated signal
(c) Automatic signal
(d) Both (b) and (c)
The area is measured in
(a) Areas
(b) Hectare
(c) Sq. meter
(d) All of these
The shape of boundary considered in Simpsons rule
(a) Straight
(b) Parabolic
(c) Circular
(d) None of these
Which one of the following rule is used to calculate the volume
(a) Trapezoidal rule
(b) Simpsons rule
(c) Prismoidal rule
(d) Both (a) and (c)
The Simpsons rule is applicable when numbers of offsets are
(a) Even
(b) Odd
(c) Either (a) or (b)
(d) None of these
One hectare of area is equivalent to
(a) 102 m2
(b) 104 m2
6
2
(c) 10 m
(d) 108 m2
The volume computed by the prismoidal method is considered to be
(a) Approximate
(b) Average
(c) Exact
(d) None of these
In chain surveying field work is limited to
(a) Linear measurements only
(b) Angular measurements only
(c) Both linear and angular measurements
(d) None of these.
Ranging is defined as
(a) Measuring the distance from starting
(b) Measuring the distance from
point
end point
(c) Establishing intermediate points of a
(d) To take an offset from a chain
chain line
line
The length of a link in a 20 m chain is
(a) 15 cm
(b) 20 cm
(c) 25 cm
(d) 30 cm
A metric chain contains number of links per meter of its length
(a) 10
(b) 8
(c) 5
(d) 2
The line joining any point on earths surface to the center of the earth is
(a) Horizontal line
(b) Vertical line
(c) Level line
(d) None of these
The GTS bench mark is ascertained with respect to the MSL at
(a) Kolkata
(b) Karachi
(c) Chennai
(d) Bombay
An imaginary line joining the points of same elevation on the surface of the earth is
(a) Isogenic line
(b) Contour
(c) Ridge line
(d) Contour interval

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Elements of Civil Engineering

87.

A set of closed contour line with higher value inside represents


(a) Depression
(b) Pond
(c) Hill
(d) Both (a) and (b)
88. The constant vertical distance between two contours is called as
(a) Contour gradient
(b) Horizontal equivalent
(c) Contour interval
(d) None of these
89. Which of the following factors affects the contour interval
(a) Scale of map
(b) Nature of terrain
(c) Extent of survey
(d) All of these
90. The contour map is applicable in
(a) Selection of suitable site
(b) Estimation of reservoir capacity
(c) Calculation of catchment area
(d) All of these
91. Direct method of contouring is
(a) Tedious method
(b) Very accurate one
(c) Used for small area
(d) All of these
92. The contour map shows the
(a) Cross section of area
(b) Topography of the area
(c) Longitudinal section of the area
(d) None of the above
93. The surface of still water is considered to be
(a) Level
(b) Horizontal
(c) Curved
(d) Smooth
94. Levelling deals with measurement in
(a) Horizontal plane
(b) Vertical plane
(c) Inclined plane
(d) Both (a) and (b)
95. Unit of measurement used in estimation of plastering is
(a) m2
(b) m
(c) m3
(d) none of these
96. Unit of measurement used in estimation of brick masonry wall is
(a) m2
(b) m
3
(c) m
(d) none of these
97. D.B.F.O means
(a) Design built finance and operate
(b) Design based finance & operate
(c) Design based finance & own
(d) None of these
98. Rainwater harvesting is the method of
(a) Transportation
(b) Irrigation
(c) Water conservation
(d) Agriculture
99. Full form of BRTS is
(a) Bus rapid transit services
(b) Bus road transport services
(c) Bus run as transit system
(d) None of these
100. Nominal height of residential building is
(a) 3.0 m
(b) 5.0 m
(c) 1.5 m
(d) 2.2 m

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