27 views

Uploaded by Sourav Chattopadhyay

© All Rights Reserved

- FRUIT_5_2011
- Deposition Velocity Estimation
- Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
- 02 Mud Types,Mud Data Hydraulics
- Calculating Liquid Regimes
- Breakwater Sph
- The Origins of Rheology
- RAM PRASAD_FULL.pdf
- Fluid Mech
- KR12!3!0175-Rheological Properties of Chitosan Solutions
- Radyadour_Kh._Zeytounian_auth._Navier-Stokes-Fourier_Equations_A_Rational_Asymptotic_Modelling_Point_of_View.pdf
- Theory. Fluid Mecanics
- 2. a Computational Study of Shallow-water Effects on Ship Viscous Resistance (2012) - OK
- litrature1
- 131305 130502 Fluid Flow Operation
- ah
- Note 1.pdf
- Flow Simulation Report
- maasasdasd
- Week 1-3 Pascal, Bernoulli

You are on page 1of 4

When selecting and designing slurry pumps, the abrasive nature of some slurries

must be a consideration. When there is excessive wear on wet end pump parts due to

highly abrasive slurries, the operational life of those parts is limited. Abrasive

considerations are the abrading mineral itself, abrasive hardness, particle velocity,

density, directions, sharpness, shape, size, and corrosiveness.

Ni-hard and rubber are abrasion resistant materials that are used for impellers,

casing, suction covers, and so on, when the pump components are exposed to abrasion.

The pump velocity should be kept low with abrasive handling pumps. Velocity is

related to pump developed pressure, so with high head applications they will wear much

more rapidly than low head applications. Pump part hardness is inversely proportional

to abrasive wear, and wear varies directly with particle concentration.

Slurry pumps used for particles that are small and round can be made in

synthetic and natural rubbers which have superior abrasion and corrosion resistance,

and because of this, they exceed the Ni-Hard or other metals. Sharp and hard solids

with high energy are unsuitable for rubber application because they can cut the rubber

material. The dampening effect of rubber is low for impact angles greater than 20

degrees. Also, rubber is generally unsuitable for applications with heads over 150 ft. and

where particles size exceeds 1/4 inch. Wear resistant metals such as Ni-hard are used on

more coarse and harder slurries.

Metal/Rubber Slurry Pump Selection Criteria

Use Metal-lined Pumps when:

*PH is greater than 4.5

*Abrasive service is above 100 ft. head

*Temperatures go to 250 degrees F

*Hydrocarbon based slurries

*PH is less than 6.0

*Abrasive service is below 100 ft. head

*Non-abrasive service is below 100

ft/sec-impeller peripheral speed

*Temperatures are below 150 degrees F

Soft

Medium

Hard

Very Hard

Asbestos Rock

Gypsum Rock

Slate

Talc

Soft Limestone

Limestone

Dolomite

Sandstone

Coal

Granite

Quartzite

Iron Ore

Trap Rock

Gravel

Granite

Granite Gravel

TERMS:

Rheology - the study of deformation and flow of substances.

Fluid - a substance which undergoes continuous deformation when subjected to

shear stress

Consistency (apparent viscosity) - a slurrys resistance to deformation

when subjected to shear stress. This term is applied to differentiate from

absolute viscosity which is used in conjunction with Newtonian fluids (see types

of Newtonian fluids below).

Kinematic viscosity - the absolute viscosity (consistency) divided by the mass

density (mass density = weight - acceleration of gravity) of the fluid.

Fluidity - the inverse of viscosity.

Plasticity - the property of a fluid which requires a definite yield stress to

produce a continuous flow.

Rigidity - the consistency of a plastic fluid in terms of stress beyond the yield.

Newtonian fluid - A fluid whose viscosity is constant and is independent of

shear rate, and where shear rate-shear stress relationship is non-linear.

For either Newtonian or Non-Newtonian fluids, viscosity (or consistency) is the

rate of shear (flow) per unit shearing stress (force causing flow).

Bingham-plastic fluids - a fluid where no flow occurs until a definite yield

point is reached. This yield stress is necessary to overcome static friction of the

fluid particles. Most slurry mixtures used in pipeline transportation exhibit

Bingham plastic characteristics.

Pseudo-plastic fluids - substances with no definite yield stress which exhibit a

decrease in consistency with increasing shear rate.

Dilatant (inverted) plastic fluids - a fluid which exhibits an increase in

consistency with increasing shear rate - these fluids have the property of

increasing their volume when stirred.

to a minimum value at any shear rate. It will break down when stirred, but

rebuild itself after a given time.

Examples: drilling muds, gypsum in water, paint

CRITICAL CARRYING VELOCITY OF SLURRIES IN PIPES

Particles have a tendency to settle while a slurry is conveyed by the turbulent flow

through a pipe. The critical velocity of a slurry flow in a pipe is that velocity in which

particles start forming a sliding bed on the bottom of the pipe. This will cause the flow

to become unstable and the pipe will eventually clog. General slurry pipeline practice is

to design the pipe velocity to exceed the critical velocity by at least 30%.

This pipe velocity will depend upon the diameter of the pipe, the concentration of

solids, and the properties of the fluid and solid particles. To prevent settlement in the

pipeline, hydraulic conditions, within a slurry pipeline, should ensure turbulent flow.

An approximate guide for slurries with particles sizes under 50 microns, a

minimum velocity in the range of 4 - 7 feet per second is required, providing this velocity

gives turbulent conditions.

For larger particle size slurries (over 150 microns) and volume concentration of

up to 15%, an approximate guide for minimum velocity is 14 times the square root of the

pipe diameter.

SLURRY HEAD CORRECTION

The lowest pressure loss is obtained at the transition between the laminar and

turbulent flow when there is a given solid through out a pipe diameter. At this

minimum pressure loss, there will be the most economical running point (power per

pound of solids), but the operating velocity must be kept above this critical carrying

velocity.

Slurry guidelines can be followed when there is critical carrying velocities with

pressure gradients of solid mixtures. The slurry acts as a Newtonian liquid - when the

pressure loss is the same as the water friction - when the slurry contains particles under

150 microns and the concentration of the particles is low with the fluid velocity high

enough to ensure uniform particle distribution.

Friction loss is dependent on pipe roughness. A rough pipe design will yield a

higher pressure loss capability. For example, when using a C factor pipe of 100, this

will result in a pressure loss capability of about 100% greater than design with a cleansteel pipe.

Although slurry-pipe friction can be higher than water or Newtonian fluids, many

slurries have negligible head correction and can be treated with a correction almost the

same as clear water.

SEDIMENT TERMINOLOGY

TYPE SCREEN

MESH/INCH

US STANDARD

MESH/INCH

2.5

INCHES

MICRONS

CLASS

1.3-2.5

33,000-63,500

Gravel

Very Coarse

.6-1.3

15,200-33,000

Coarse Gravel

.321

8,000

Medium Gravel

Fine Gravel

.157

4,000

10

.079

2,000

16

18

.039

1,000

32

35

.0197

500

Coarse Sand

60

60

.0098

250

Medium Sand

115

120

.0049

125

Fine Sand

250

230

.0024

62

.0015

37

Coarse Silt

400

.0006-.0012

16-31

Medium Silt

8-16

Fine Silt

4-8

2-4

Coarse Clay

1-2

Medium Clay

.51-1

Fine Clay

- FRUIT_5_2011Uploaded bytravelpanz
- Deposition Velocity EstimationUploaded byGlawenClattuc
- Introduction to Fluid MechanicsUploaded byDeniz Atmaca
- 02 Mud Types,Mud Data HydraulicsUploaded byMohamed A. Rahman Alghrbawy
- Calculating Liquid RegimesUploaded byWalter GE
- Breakwater SphUploaded byGoutham Burra
- The Origins of RheologyUploaded byCarlos Alvarez Garcia
- RAM PRASAD_FULL.pdfUploaded byJ.Gopala Krishna
- Fluid MechUploaded bySyed Haider Abbas Bukhari
- KR12!3!0175-Rheological Properties of Chitosan SolutionsUploaded bytsujitto
- Radyadour_Kh._Zeytounian_auth._Navier-Stokes-Fourier_Equations_A_Rational_Asymptotic_Modelling_Point_of_View.pdfUploaded byFakg
- Theory. Fluid MecanicsUploaded byAlfonso Zamoro de Matos
- 2. a Computational Study of Shallow-water Effects on Ship Viscous Resistance (2012) - OKUploaded byCláudio Tavares
- litrature1Uploaded bymohit
- 131305 130502 Fluid Flow OperationUploaded byAshit
- ahUploaded bysergeyalejandro
- Note 1.pdfUploaded byNur Amalina
- Flow Simulation ReportUploaded byMichaelle Angela Arnedo
- maasasdasdUploaded byAmalina Sulaiman
- Week 1-3 Pascal, BernoulliUploaded byJenny Go
- ACES_2013011108480688.pdfUploaded byChichBong
- ME3081 Outline_2008.09.07Uploaded byFuad Gunsou
- Physics II UnitUploaded bysoundarinbox
- DISCUSSION 5.2.docxUploaded bymiza adlin
- Case 2 - 40Uploaded byLukman Kusuma Wardhana
- Large Scale FeasibilityUploaded byIng. Luis Alberto García Córdova
- SAND ProductionUploaded byali
- a953138.pdfUploaded byMuhammad Laraib
- PDF-01.0) Injection Molding Mixing Nozzle Technical BulletinUploaded bynhi
- check_valves.pdfUploaded byJose Salvador

- Expansion LoopUploaded bySharon Lambert
- 04-069-233Final1.pdfUploaded bySourav Chattopadhyay
- 2011 Mining GuideUploaded bySourav Chattopadhyay
- Gaston Engineering DrawingsUploaded byJames Holden
- Engineering DrawingUploaded byYolanda Winarny Eviphanie Hutabarat
- Process piping drafting - 2.pdfUploaded bySourav Chattopadhyay
- Process piping drafting - 1.pdfUploaded bySourav Chattopadhyay
- GRINNELL HANBOOK PART-I.pdfUploaded bySourav Chattopadhyay
- Example Pump CalcsUploaded bySourav Chattopadhyay
- Pipeline Transport of Settling SlurriesUploaded byRashid Serakawi

- flow exp-Uploaded byLawson Iduku
- Cfd Analysisof a Highly Loaded Gas Turbine StageUploaded byAlexAlmache
- Helical coil heat echanger1Uploaded byChandrasekaran Natarajan
- SOLHYCARB_Odeillo_2007Uploaded byhphmhphm
- China dst tools introduct.pdfUploaded byGatot Sapar
- Cavitation CAV2001 B8.004Uploaded bymattuiff
- Peiran Ding and Arjaan Buijk- Simulation of Under Water Explosion using MSC.DytranUploaded byMallamax
- 2134-2discussion (1)Uploaded bymeowy
- 11 class Short questions Notes www.allonlinefree.comUploaded byR.S.H
- Advanced ThermodynamicsUploaded byKumar Kote
- CFD of Exahust Valve 5Uploaded byMuhammad Imran Khan
- Basic Viscosity PresentationUploaded byNur Khadijah
- Settling and Sedimentation.pdfUploaded byJohn Louie Gresula
- 18-Mechanical 2012-13Uploaded bySurdeepPanda
- CARTUCHOS SANDVIK DE-710Uploaded byJefatura de Planta Invemet Peru
- Flow Around a Curved ChannelUploaded byabhik2008
- Mustang Series M114-8 or M6114-8 (Globe), M1114-8 or M61114-8 (Angle) Installation InstructionsUploaded byWatts
- MANITOU MLT 845 MERCEDES BENZ 647182EN_Group 70 (Hydraulic)Uploaded byMao LiuGong
- Wind Tunnel Blockage CorrectionsUploaded byYoun Seok Choi
- Chapter 12Uploaded byDejan Zeman
- Wind Turbine DesignUploaded bylogicvirus
- Guidance Document-Peracetic Acid WQD-003 Aug 2017Uploaded bynshsharma7475
- Mathematical Model for the Peristaltic Flow of Jeffrey Fluid With Nanoparticles Phenomenon Through a RectangularductUploaded byamb03
- PENG_333.pdfUploaded byabnou_223943920
- Difference Between Pipeline, Piping, Tubing, Ducting & ConduitUploaded byleepondiff
- 09-spargerUploaded byWeb Logueando
- AT2251 ATHT Notes.pdfUploaded byS A ABDUL SUKKUR
- Water Influx 1Uploaded bylee
- Heat Project IIUploaded byJaderJRivera
- CW Pump Calculation.xlsUploaded byzamijaka