What is language?

A brief definition is 1. Language is systematic and generative. 2. 3. 4. Language is a set of arbitrary symbols. Those symbols are primarily vocal, but may also be visual. The symbols have refer. conventionalized meanings to which they

5. 6. 7.

Language is used for communication. Language operates in a speech community or culture. Language is essentially human, although possibly not limited to humans. Language is acquired by all people in way-language and language learning both characteristics. much have the same universal


APPLIED LINGUISTICS: I. It has been considered a subset of linguistics for several decades, and it has been interpreted to mean the applications of linguistics principles or theories to certain more or less practical matters (Brown 1976b, Kaplan et al. 1981). Some of the questions second language researchers and teachers ask: What is easy, or difficult in language learning (and why)? Is there a natural order in which structures are learned? How do people learn languages inside and outside the classroom? What are the distinctive characteristics of learner language? What are the major factors that influence language learning? How is it that some learner, with only minimal second language ability, can still carry on a highly successful conversation while other learners, who score 100 percent on grammar tests, cannot carry on the simplest communication task? Can the traits of good language learners be identified? What factors influence successful second language learning the most? Is second language acquisition the same process as first language acquisition? What kinds of models can be proposed to account for lexical

retrieval or switching? What models translation?

syntactic might

construction the


language of






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