ISSUE 1-2A

Maintenance Handbook
T6R VHF Receivers

ã Park Air Electronics 1999

Park Air Electronics
Northfields
Market Deeping
Peterborough
PE6 8UE
England
Telephone: +44 (0)1778 345434
Fax: +44 (0)1778 342877

31-160000RX (Amdt. 2A Nov 03)

PAE Part Number: 31-160000RX

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31-160000RX

CONTENTS
Preliminary Pages
Title page
Contents (this list)
Warnings page
Amendment record
Modification record
List of abbreviations used in this handbook

Section 1

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GENERAL INFORMATION

Section 2

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TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

Section 3

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MAINTENANCE

Section 4

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VIRTUAL FRONT PANEL (VFP)

Section 5

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PARTS LIST

Section 6

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FIGURES

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Observe handling precautions to avoid static charges that may damage these devices. not expressly approved by Park Air Electronics or parties authorized by Park Air Electronics could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. CAUTION ESDs The equipment covered by this handbook contains electrostatic sensitive devices (ESDs). UNAUTHORIZED MODIFICATIONS Changes or modifications made to this equipment.WARNINGS LETHAL VOLTAGES Equipments in operational use contain lethal voltages and operations involving the removal of covers or panels should only be undertaken by skilled personnel who are aware of the hazards involved. 31-160000RX Page v .

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AMENDMENT RECORD Amdt. drawing numbers added. Incorporated By Date Brief Details ECN 1 Park Air Sep 03 Section 6. Fig 10 title amended. 2A Nov 03) Page vii . - 31-160000RX (Amdt. - 2A Park Air Nov 03 Section 6. List of Figures. List of Figures.

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31-160000RX Details Date Page ix .MODIFICATION RECORD MOD No.

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LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS HANDBOOK ac A/D AGC AM BIT D/A dc dB dBm DSP ETI ESD Hz I/O kHz LCD LED MARC MHz mm MSK PC PCB RF RSE RSSI VCO VFP VHF 31-160000RX alternating current analogue to digital audio gain control amplitude modulation built-in test digital to analogue direct current decibel decibels relative to 1 mW digital signal processing elapsed time indicator electrostatic sensitive device hertz input/output kilohertz liquid crystal display light emitting diode multi-access remote control system megahertz millimetre minimum shift keying personal computer printed circuit board radio frequency remote site equipment receiver signal strength indicator voltage controlled oscillator virtual front panel very high frequency Page xi .

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The user guide describes the T6R receiver and gives complete installation and setting up procedures. 2 A user guide (PAE part number 31-360000RX) is also available. containing the VFP software and the latest operating and fill software. part number and how to obtain replacements. and a lead for connecting the radio to a Personal Computer (PC). It provides an overview of the internal architecture of the receiver and describes the various replaceable modules. their function. The radio software enables the original software to be re-loaded if the receiver's Digital Signal Processing (DSP) module is ever replaced. 31-160000RX Section 1 Page 1 .Section 1 General Information Paragraph 1 5 6 7 8 11 Introduction Model part number Operating frequency Input supplies Built-in test (BIT) indications Configurations INTRODUCTION 1 This handbook provides the maintenance personnel with sufficient information to maintain and repair the T6R receiver to module level. 3 Included with the maintenance handbook is a CD-ROM. In particular it enables the user to: o Conduct scheduled maintenance tasks including checking/setting the reference frequency oscillator to compensate for long term ageing effects o Identify any tools or test equipment required to maintain the receiver o Use the Built-in test facilities to check receiver functionality and identify fault conditions to a particular module o Remove a receiver from service to dismantle and replace a faulty module o Install the Virtual Front Panel (VFP) software into a PC o Use the VFP to: download all radio settings to a file that can be stored/printed for reference change radio settings copy settings from one radio to another install new radio software o Check a radio after repair and return it to service.

are available at the front panel LCD and. through the VFP or through an associated MARC system (or compatible control and data system). 10 The results of continuous monitoring. INPUT SUPPLIES 7 The receiver can be operated from standard ac input supplies. the VFP. the Ready indicator becomes unlit. Both ac and dc input supplies can be connected to the equipment. Details of how to change the operating frequency are contained in the T6R Receiver User Guide. BUILT-IN TEST (BIT) INDICATIONS 8 The receiver continuously self monitors key internal parameters without affecting normal operation. if connected. On restoration of the ac supply. Section 4 of this handbook (VFP) and the MARC User Guide (MARC). MODEL PART NUMBER 5 The part number for the T6R receiver is: B6100 OPERATING FREQUENCY 6 The receiver’s operating frequency is determined by the synthesiser circuit in the Rx RF module and can be changed by the user through the front panel.. When both ac and dc supplies are connected. or remotely. Contact PAE for details. Section 1 Page 2 31-160000RX . the front panel Alarm indicator lights. 9 Apart from continuous monitoring. Note . in the form of a data message. and of interruptive testing. When the receiver is used with a MARC system (or other compatible data and control system) the results are also sent. and the receiver becomes inoperable.. If a BIT fault is detected. to the monitoring facility. lead and software is sold as a T6R maintenance kit part number 70-6100MKIT. Certain parameters are monitored when a noise signal is injected into the receiver's circuitry. an interruptive BIT test can be initiated locally at the front panel. operation from the ac supply takes priority.4 The maintenance handbook. the equipment reverts to ac operation. automatic change-over to the dc supply will occur if the ac supply fails. Both the maintenance handbook and user guide are available on CD-ROM. or from a low voltage dc supply (refer to the User Guide for specification).

T6R Receiver Antenna Connector Computer Port MARC Port Reference Connector Headset/Diagnostics Connector Facilities Connector T6R Receiver Configuration 31-160000RX Section 1 Page 3 . 12 See Section 2 for external connector details. for example the 24 volt (nominal) unregulated output supply. a PC can be connected to allow use of the VFP. A headset can be connected to enable local AM-voice operation. to set the receiver's operational settings. Headset/Diagnostics Connector This is a dual purpose connector. or other compatible control and data system. Reference Connector Used in all operating modes to check and reset the receiver's reference frequency. Alternatively. Some auxiliary signals available at this connector. The purpose of each connector is described in the following text: Antenna Connector Used in all operating modes to connect the 50 ohm antenna feeder cable. Facilities Connector Used primarily to connect remote signals when using AM-voice mode and the receiver does not form part of a MARC system. MARC Port The MARC port is used to connect remote signals when the receiver forms part of a MARC system.CONFIGURATIONS 11 The connectors used to configure the receiver depend on the required operating mode. can be utilized irrespective of the operating mode. Computer Port The computer port is used in digital communication modes to connect the receiver to a control computer. or to download new software.

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Section 2 Technical Description Paragraph 1 4 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 20 22 25 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 39 40 41 43 45 46 47 48 49 INTRODUCTION MODULES AND ASSEMBLIES DSP module Central processor Digital signal processing Programmable gate array Speech coding/decoding Computer interface Serial remote control/data port Facilities port Front panel interface Analogue control interfaces Digital control interfaces Rx RF module RF converter IF filter/converter Synthesiser BIT Front panel module LCD module Rotary encoded switch Indicators Loudspeaker amplifier Front panel connections Receiver power supply modules EXTERNAL CONNECTORS AND FUSES External connectors Reference connector Headset/diagnostics connector Facilities connector CN5 MARC port CN6 Computer port CN7 AC input connector DC input connector External Fuses Table 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Page Facilities port connections Digital I/O signals Microphone/headset connections Diagnostic PC connections Facilities connector CN5 pin-out MARC connector CN6 pin-out Computer port CN7 pin-out Input ac fuse rating 31-160000RX 4 5 9 9 10 11 12 13 Section 2 Page 1 .

A supply voltage supervisor provides a reliable power up/power down reset signal. Reference should be made to Fig. operational settings are selected and displayed using the front panel Scroll/Select switch and the LCD. Designed for rack mounting in a standard 19 inch rack the unit operates from standard 120/240 V ac supplies with automatic changeover to 28 V dc in the event of mains failure. MODULES AND ASSEMBLIES 4 5 The receiver comprises the following replaceable modules and assemblies: o DSP module o Rx RF module o Front panel module o PSU module o Power supply regulator module. Operational settings are configured at the front panel. 2 when reading these descriptions. through the VFP. 3 for pin-out detail). The module comprises the following functional entities: Central Processor 8 Core control of the equipment is provided by a Hitachi Super H 16-bit RISC processor with both internal and external ROM and RAM. 6 A brief functional description for each module and assembly is given in the following paragraphs. Two compartments (top and bottom) contain most modules and assemblies with front and rear panels straddling the compartments. MARC connector CN6 and Computer port CN7 (see Fig. Mounted on the module are the 'rear panel' Facilities connector CN5. This arrangement allows new application software to be downloaded via a serial port. The majority of user connections are made through rear mounted connectors. Configuration and calibration data is held in external serial EEPROM. the main application code is held in external FLASH EPROM. or through an associated MARC system (or compatible control and data system). The internal ROM is factory programmed with a basic ‘boot loader’ application. At the receiver. Section 2 Page 2 31-160000RX . 2 A front panel connector is used for the connection of a headset for local operation or for the connection of a PC for Virtual Front Panel (VFP) control. demodulation and control functions for the receiver.INTRODUCTION 1 This section describes the modules and assemblies that comprise the T6R receiver and details the equipment’s connectors. DSP MODULE 7 The DSP module provides the receiver user interfaces and performs message formatting. The interconnection of the modules and assemblies is shown in Fig. 3 The receiver is housed in a sheet metal chassis with top and bottom lids. 3.

A set of four input lines and four output lines. The line connections on the Facilities port are duplicated here for ease of connection to a Remote Site Equipment (RSE 2). part of a MARC system. 31-160000RX Section 2 Page 3 . This allows the hardware configuration to be altered or upgraded by downloading new firmware. Speech Coding/Decoding 11 The A/D and D/A functions required to interface the digital processing to the analogue lines are provided by an A Law speech CODEC.Digital Signal Processing 9 The Super H processor is supported by two Analogue Devices 2171 DSP microprocessors providing the computational power required to implement the demodulation algorithms. Facilities Port 14 A number of inputs and outputs are provided via the Facilities port. Serial Remote Control/Data Port 13 An RS422 asynchronous serial port provides a link into a MARC system. Programmable Gate Array 10 Circuit functions are register mapped into the Super H address space using a Xilinx FPGA. unregulated supply and 0 V connections. Audio output is used to drive a front panel connected headset or loudspeaker. using HDLC protocol. The inputs and outputs are shown in Table 1 (see also Table 5 on Page 10 for full pin-out of Facilities connector CN5). are also provided to allow a receiver to be linked to a transmitter to form a base station. tape output. These include the balanced audio. operating at RS232 voltage levels. Computer Interface 12 Two RS422 full duplex synchronous serial ports. Audio is also routed out via the Facilities port. provide the interface to an external computer for use in digital modulation modes.

Table 1 Facilities Port Connections Inputs: Squelch Defeat Rx Disable Bit Interruptive Test Outputs: Line out (+) Line out (-) Squelch Common Squelch RSSI Ready Tape Output Unregulated Supply Squelch output Front Panel Interface 15 An 8-bit data bus and associated control signals are provided to drive the Front Panel LCD module with separate lines also provided to drive the LEDs and to read the rotary encoder. D/A and A/D converters are employed. Analogue Control Interfaces 16 To interface to the Rx RF module and Facilities port. D/A outputs from the DSP module are as follows: o IF AGC (Rx RF module) o RF AGC (Rx RF module) o Frequency trim (Rx RF module) o RSSI (Facilities port) 17 The A/D input to the DSP module is from the Rx RF module and is as follows: o Section 2 Page 4 IF 31-160000RX . An RS232 asynchronous serial port provides the diagnostics link.

The IF filter/converter circuits provide filtering of the 1st IF signal (21. 21 The RF input is initially passed through an RF AGC attenuator controlled by an analogue signal (RF AGC) from the DSP module. Two digitally tuned filters are integrated into the PCB. Table 2 Digital I/O Signals Outputs Inputs Filter Value (5 bits) BIT Synth Lock Narrow/Wide 8. 23 The main channel selectivity is provided by the crystal filter on the IF filter/converter. are used. An analogue input (Frequency Trim) from the DSP module allows the reference oscillator to be trimmed. RF Converter 20 The RF Converter section converts the RF input signal down to the IF frequency. 24 In addition to the filter/converter circuits this section of the module also has IF AGC amplifiers controlled by an analogue signal (IF AGC) from the DSP module. The 2nd IF signal is then demodulated by the DSP module. 26 The synthesiser essentially consists of a 20.33 kHz channel spacing and 25 kHz channel spacing. Separate crystal filters are used for 8. These are automatically switched in accordance with the channel spacing selected using the narrow/wide control line. as shown in Table 2. a VCO and a frequency divider.Digital Control Interfaces 18 To interface to the Rx RF module. The 20.4 MHz) which is then converted to a 2nd IF signal (450 kHz). IF Filter/Converter 22 The input to the IF filter/converter is provided from the RF Converter section of this module. The frequency divider is controlled by 3 serial lines from the DSP module. Synthesiser 25 This section provides the mixing frequencies required for the RF and IF conversion stages.95 MHz reference frequency oscillator. an RF converter and an IF filter/converter onto one PCB. These filters are controlled by 5 data lines from the DSP module. digital I/O signals. a single loop filter.33 (Rx RF) BIT Control (3 bits) Tx/Rx Detect Power Down Synth Control (4 bits) RX RF MODULE 19 This module combines a synthesiser.95 MHz reference is used in the IF stage and the VCO output in the RF stage. 31-160000RX Section 2 Page 5 .

Section 2 Page 6 31-160000RX . A third output is active when the switch knob is pushed in. FRONT PANEL MODULE 29 The Front Panel module consists of the following elements: LCD Module 30 A 16 character by 4 lines liquid crystal display module with backlight displays the radio menu system. ALARM. BIT 28 The Rx RF module is able to provide a module interruptive BIT to determine if it is at fault. Their associated signals are simply routed through the module to their required destinations. Indicators 32 Four LED indicators. Table 3 on page 9 shows the Microphone/Headset connections and Table 4 on Page 9. READY and STANDBY.27 A BIT output signal (BIT Synth Lock) is provided when the synthesiser is in lock. The noise source is a broadband VHF oscillator on the Rx RF module. These are Loudspeaker Amplifier 33 An audio amplifier is provided which accepts an input signal from the DSP module and provides output to drive a loudspeaker. Rotary Encoded Switch 31 A rotary switch provides two quadrature outputs that indicate when the switch knob is being rotated and in which direction. controlled by the DSP module via the BIT Control line. the Diagnostic PC connections. RECEIVE. after the RF AGC. Headset/Diagnostics connectors onto the front panel. individually controlled by 4 lines from the DSP module. The noise signal should pass through the RF and IF conversion stages to be demodulated by the DSP module as would a real signal. This is done by injecting a noise signal. Front Panel Connections 34 The Front Panel module is used to mount the Reference Frequency and Microphone. The RF AGC is held low during this test to prevent antenna radiation. It is controlled by an 8-bit data bus from the DSP module accompanied by 3 control lines (a separate control line is used to switch the backlight on and off). are provided. into the front end of the RF conversion stage.

If ac is present then it is used as the power source and an ac detect output is asserted. If dc is present then a dc detect output is asserted. 31-160000RX Section 2 Page 7 . the power supply outputs are switched through to the receiver’s circuitry. If ac is not present then the input source is automatically switched to dc. 37 A low voltage on/off switch is fitted to the receiver’s rear panel. 38 The power supply dc outputs are as follows: +5 V +15 V -15 V Unregulated dc (nominally 28 V). on/off switch connection and supply regulation. When the switch is in the on position. 36 The ac derived supply is provided by a proprietary switched mode power supply (PSU module). The switch operates relays that isolate the dc supply and output from the ac rectifier. Note that with the switch in the off position power is still applied to the receiver but not switched through to the receiver’s circuitry.RECEIVER POWER SUPPLY MODULES 35 The power supply is to run off ac mains or dc backup. A regulator module provides the ac/dc change-over.

Reference Connector 40 This is an SMB jack socket that allows a high impedance frequency counter to monitor the receiver's reference frequency. The connections are detailed in Table 3. A personal computer (PC) can also be connected to allow the VFP to be displayed. The instructions for checking and adjusting the reference frequency are given in Section 3. The connections at the receiver are shown in Table 4. This connector is used only for maintenance purposes. These connectors are: o Reference connector o Headset/diagnostics connector o CN5 Facilities rear panel connector o CN6 MARC rear panel connector o CN7 Computer rear panel connector o ac input connector o dc input connector. The connector is a 7-pin self locking DIN socket.EXTERNAL CONNECTORS AND FUSES EXTERNAL CONNECTORS 39 This sub-section describes the external connectors fitted to the receiver. Using the VFP is detailed in Section 4 of this handbook. Headset/Diagnostics Connector 41 The headset/diagnostics connector is a dual purpose connector that allows either a headset or a PC to be connected to the receiver. 42 A headset can be fitted to this connector to enable the receiver to be operated in AM local mode. Headset/Diagnostics Connector Pin-Out (Front View) Section 2 Page 8 31-160000RX .

The auxiliary signals can be employed by the user as and when required. For example. this connector makes some auxiliary signals available to the user. a 24 volt (nominal) unregulated output supply. 44 Apart from allowing connection of remote signals. Facilities connector CN5 as seen when looking at the rear panel. PAE part number: 20-01150100 (plug). The pin-out of this connector is given in Table 5. irrespective of the operating mode. and 20-09150101 (cover). 5 Headset drive Maximum = 3 volt peak-to-peak. Table 4 Diagnostics PC Connections Headset/Diagnostics Connector Pin Number Signal Notes 2 Transmit data RS232 4 Receive data RS232 7 Ground 0 volt Facilities Connector CN5 43 A 15-way D-type socket used primarily to connect remote signals when the receiver operates in AM-voice mode and does not form part of a MARC (or similar) system.Table 3 Microphone/Headset Connections Headset/Diagnostics Connector Pin Number Signal Notes 1 Ground 0 volt. Connections should be made using a 15-way D-type plug. 200 ohm output impedance. 31-160000RX Section 2 Page 9 .

when active. 10 Rx Disable An input signal that. is received. 13 Ready Output This output is active when the radio is ready to receive and no faults have been detected by the BIT circuitry. The output level is adjustable between -30 dBm and 0 dBm. 4 Squelch Defeat An input signal to the receiver that. The supply is fused at 500 mA. or when associated transmitter field strength monitoring is required. disables the receiver's audio output. The input signal must be active for a minimum of 300 ms. indicates a signal above the squelch threshold is being received. at the front panel. It is a grounding output. 9 Unregulated Supply A dc output supply between 21. 14 Tape Output An audio output for connection to a recording system. This is a TTL input pulled-up to 5 V. to be normally open or normally closed. 7 Squelch Indication This grounding output. The active polarity is set from the front panel.Table 5 Facilities Connector CN5 Pin-Out Pin Number Signal Name Description 1 Ground 0 volt. when active. when using receiver voting. The active polarity is set from the front panel. This circuit can switch voltages in the range -50 to +50 V (100 mA maximum) and can be configured. For a received signal of 1 m V the output is less than 2 volts. This is a TTL input pulled-up to 5 V. when active. This is a TTL input pulled-up to 5 V. 11 BIT Interruptive Test An input signal that initiates a BIT interruptive test. The active polarity of this signal is set from the front panel. Note that the configuration follows the polarity of the squelch indication signal (see the T6R User Guide for more detail). above the squelch threshold. disables the receiver's squelch circuits. The output impedance is 10 ohm. RSSI can be used to provide relative indications when two receivers are configured as a main and standby pair. 2 Line Out (+) 3 Line Out (-) Pins 2 and 3 are a 600 ohm balanced audio output. The output is nominally -10 dBm into 100 ohm. When a receiver is configured with an associated transmitter to form a base station.6 and 32 volt (nominally 24 volt). For a received signal of 100 m V the output is greater than 6 volts. The active polarity is set from the front panel. 5 Squelch Relay Common 6 Squelch Relay Output Pins 5 and 6 are a relay circuit that operates when a signal. this signal can be used to disable the receiver's audio output when the transmitter is keyed. the signal cannot then be activated again for at least 3 seconds. The active polarity is set from the front panel. 15 Not Used - Section 2 Page 10 31-160000RX . 12 RSSI An analogue Receiver Signal Strength Indication that varies between 0 volt and 10 volt. 8 Ground 0 volt.

9 Data Out (-) RS422 data line. The output level is adjustable between -30 and 0 dBm. Connections should be made using a 9-way D-type plug. The supply. which is fused at 500 mA. The active polarity is set from the front panel. indicates a signal above the squelch threshold is being received. (This pin is wired internally to the Facilities connector pin 7) 5 Unregulated Supply A dc output supply (nominally 24 volt). 8 Data Out (+) RS422 data line. 31-160000RX Section 2 Page 11 . 6 Data In (+) RS422 data line. is used as the power source for the MARC RSE 2 equipment. The pin-out of this connector is given in Table 6. and 20-09090101 (cover). (These pins are wired internally to the Facilities connector pins 2 and 3) 4 Squelch Indication This output. 2 Line Out (+) 3 Line Out (-) Pins 2 and 3 are a 600 ohm balanced audio output. The pin-out of this connector is given in Table 7. 7 Data In (-) RS422 data line. PAE part number: 20-01090100 (plug).MARC Port CN6 45 A 9-way D-type socket used to connect remote signals to a MARC system or other compatible control and data system. Table 6 MARC Connector CN6 Pin-Out Pin Number Signal Name Description 1 Ground 0 volt. when active. Computer Port CN7 46 A 25-way D-type socket used to connect the receiver to a control computer when the receiver is operated in digital communication modes. MARC connector CN6 as seen when looking at the rear panel.

Table 7 Computer Port CN7 Pin-Out CN7 Pin Number Section 2 Page 12 Signal Name Level Input or Output 1 Ground 0 volt - 2 Serial 0 TXA RS422 Output 3 Serial 0 TXB RS422 Output 4 Serial 0 RXA RS422 Input 5 Serial 0 RXB RS422 Input 6 Serial 0 CLA RS422 Output 7 Serial 0 CLB RS422 Output 8 Serial 1 TXA RS422 Output 9 Serial 1 TXB RS422 Output 10 Serial 1 RXA RS422 Input 11 Serial 1 RXB RS422 Input 12 Serial 1 CLA RS422 Output 13 Serial 1 CLB RS422 Output 14 Input A RS232 Input 15 Input B RS232 Input 16 Input C RS232 Input 17 Input D RS232 Input 18 Output A RS232 Output 19 Output B RS232 Output 20 Output C RS232 Output 21 Output D RS232 Output 22 Ground 0 volt - 23 Not used - - 24 Not used - - 25 Not used - - 31-160000RX . Connections should be made using a 25-way D-type plug.Computer port CN7 as seen when looking at the rear panel. and 20-09250101 (cover). PAE part number: 20-01250100 (plug).

Details of the correct fuse for different ac mains inputs are detailed in Table 8. The fuse is rated at 3. The plug has an integral 20 mm fuse (F2) that protects the Line (L) input circuit.15A 250 V IEC 127 HBC 29C01100102S Section 2 Page 13 . Fuse F1 protects the dc input positive supply circuit. 50 Fuse F2 protects the ac input positive supply circuit.15 amps (see Section 5 for further detail). AC Connector DC Input Connector 48 A 3-pole chassis plug for connecting the dc input supply. Table 8 Input AC Fuse Rating Mains Input Supply 110/120 V 220/230/240 V 31-160000RX Fuse PAE Part Number T3. It is a size 0 fuse rated at 3 amps. Connector pins are detailed in the following diagram: DC Connector EXTERNAL FUSES 49 Two external fuses are fitted to the receiver. F1 and F2.15A UL 29-01470102S T3. The PAE part number of the fuse is: 29-11100202.AC Input Connector 47 A 3-pole IEC chassis plug for connecting the ac input supply. The fuse is integral to the ac power plug (see AC connector diagram).

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THE INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS SECTION MUST BE CARRIED OUT ONLY BY SUITABLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL. CARE MUST BE TAKEN BY PERSONNEL TO AVOID ACCIDENTAL CONTACT WITH EXPOSED CIRCUITRY DURING MAINTENANCE OR ALIGNMENT PROCEDURES.. (2) WHEN AN AC SUPPLY IS CONNECTED. LETHAL VOLTAGES ARE PRESENT WITHIN THE RECEIVER. 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 1 .Section 3 Maintenance Paragraph 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 15 16 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 39 40 Introduction Tools. (1) THE INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS SECTION INVOLVE CARRYING OUT PROCEDURES WITH LETHAL VOLTAGES CONNECTED TO THE RECEIVER.. materials and test equipment required SCHEDULE MAINTENANCE Schedule maintenance procedure Cleaning the equipment Security of external connections Setting the receiver’s internal reference frequency To initiate an interruptive BIT test ac and dc change-over check DISMANTLING AND ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS Introduction Top cover Removing and refitting the DSP module Removal Refitting Removing and refitting the PSU Regulator module Removal Refitting Removing and refitting the power supply unit (PSU) Removal Refitting Bottom cover Removing and refitting the Rx RF module Removal Refitting Removing and refitting the front panel assembly PCB Removal Refitting FAULT DIAGNOSIS Procedure Corrective action BIT inoperative Table 1 Page Non-BIT fault finding guide 17 WARNINGS .

LETHAL VOLTAGES ARE STILL PRESENT IN THE RECEIVER'S INTERNAL POWER SUPPLY CIRCUITRY. The correct handling precautions must be observed to avoid static charges that may damage these devices. 6BA Nut Spinner. 2 During all maintenance tasks the warnings and cautions given in this section should strictly be adhered to. Failure to do so can cause irreparable damage to devices. A faulty module may be traced by aid of the front panel LCD and Scroll/Select control. TO ENSURE SAFE WORKING. o Personal Computer (PC) o General Purpose Toolkit (including a 1. o Camel Hair Brush. materials and test equipment should be made available to complete the maintenance tasks described in this section: o Maintenance Kit (PAE part number 70-6100MKIT). Access to a PC and the maintenance kit (PAE part number 70-6100MKIT) is essential when fitting spares.(3) WHEN THE POWER SWITCH IS SET TO THE OFF POSITION. Due to the complexity of most modules the recommended policy is repair by replacement (see section 5 for spare parts listing).. THE AC AND DC INPUT SUPPLIES MUST BE DISCONNECTED FROM THE RECEIVER. TOOLS. 3 For maintenance purposes and loading new software. o Frequency Counter. o Section 3 Page 2 o General Purpose Multimeter. The VFP software varies in accordance with the mode in which the radio is configured (AM-voice or one of the digital modes). o Clean Lint-free Cloths. INTRODUCTION 1 This section covers maintenance tasks that include schedule maintenance. The VFP is a standard PC loaded with a bespoke software package for carrying out these tasks. dismantling and assembly instructions and fault finding. Separate VFP operational instructions for each mode (when available) will be included in section 4 of this handbook. MATERIALS AND TEST EQUIPMENT REQUIRED 4 The following tools.. (1) This equipment contains static sensitive devices.. a Virtual Front Panel (VFP) is used. VFP or MARC. 31-160000RX .5 mm Allen Key). CAUTIONS .. Note .

should be followed when carrying out schedule maintenance.SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE 5 PAE recommends that this is carried out at twelve-monthly intervals. Clean the front panel indicators and LCD face. 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 3 . Cleaning the Equipment 7 Remove all dust and dirt from the equipment's exterior using the cleaning cloths and camel hair brush. o Checking and resetting (if required) the receiver's frequency standard (see Paragraph 9). SCHEDULE MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE 6 The procedure. o Performing a BIT interruptive test (see Paragraph 10). Schedule maintenance comprises: o Ensuring the equipment is clean (see Paragraph 7). Security of External Connections 8 Check all external connections are secure and free from damage. o Performing an ac and dc change-over check (see Paragraph 11). o Ensuring that the external connectors are securely fitted to the receiver (see Paragraph 8). detailed in the following paragraphs.

Note that references to the switch in the procedure mean the Scroll/Select switch. Connect a high impedance frequency counter to the front panel Reference connector. then press the switch. S e t E x i t S / W i n g s V e r s i o n s S t a n d b y B a c k d. Press the switch. You are returned to the Main screen. From the Main screen. Turn the switch until Settings is highlighted. Press the switch. Section 3 Page 4 31-160000RX . Turn the switch clockwise until OK is highlighted. then press the switch. b. R e f F r e q C a n c e l 5 0 . You are returned to the Function menu. Check that the Settings menu is displayed and turn the switch until Reference Freq is highlighted. h. Turn the switch until Configure is highlighted. g. then press the switch. Ensure the Reference menu is displayed and that Ref Freq is highlighted. Turn the switch clockwise until Exit is highlighted. then press the switch.950000 MHz ±10 Hz. 0 % O K f. Press the switch. Ensure the Configure menu is displayed.Setting the Receiver’s Internal Reference Frequency 9 Use the following procedure to set the receiver’s internal reference frequency. Turn the switch clockwise or anti-clockwise until the frequency counter reads 20. F r e q u e n c y C h a n n e l C o n f i g u r e B I T c. t E x i t M o d e R e f e r e n c e F r e q D i s p l a y > > e. Disconnect the frequency counter. a. press the switch to display the Options menu.

carry out the following check: a. which takes approximately two seconds. If a fault is found the front panel Alarm indicator will also be lit (see Fault Diagnosis sub-section. Check that the receiver continues to operate correctly from the dc supply. Confirm that both ac and dc supplies are connected to the receiver. 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 5 . Ensure the BIT menu is displayed. E x i t T e s t i n g P l e a s e W a i t ac and dc Change-over Check 11 If both ac and dc input supplies are connected to the receiver. During the test. press the switch to display the Options menu. Page 14).To Initiate an Interruptive BIT Test 10 Use the following procedure to initiate an interruptive BIT test from the receiver’s front panel. b. Press the switch. and the receiver is operational. F r e q u e n c y C h a n n e l C o n f i g u r e B I T b. Turn the switch until BIT is highlighted. a. d. c. Ensure that the rear panel POWER switch is set to the I (on) position. From the main screen. E x i t B I T I n i t i a t e B I T V i e w E T I h h h h h : m m B a c k c. the testing screen is displayed. At the end of testing the BIT View menu will be displayed. Turn the switch until BIT Initiate is highlighted. then press the switch. the LCD is illuminated. Note that references to the switch in the procedure mean the Scroll/Select switch. Switch off the ac supply from its source. Confirm that the front panel READY indicator is lit.

DO NOT pull the cable to free the connector c. The upward motion should only be as far as needed to free the locking mechanism. follow the instructions detailed in the following paragraphs (see Section 6. CAUTIONS . These have been set using specialist equipment. (2) Do not change any potentiometer or trimmer settings. Do not use this procedure with non-KK type connectors as damage to the connector may occur. Free the locking mechanism on the connector by moving one side of the connector up. observe anti-static handling precautions. Note that KK type connectors are designed to be removed in this manner to free the locking mechanism. b. 4 for module locations when covers are removed). (3) The receiver uses the following Molex KK connectors: CN7 on the Power Supply Regulator module CN3 on the Front Panel PCB To remove KK type connectors: a. Both the top and bottom covers are secured by 13 captive screws. 13 The receiver’s modules and assemblies are accessed by removing the top and bottom covers. (1) When removing or refitting modules.DISMANTLING AND ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS INTRODUCTION 12 This sub-section provides the user with detailed instructions on the removal and replacement of modules and assemblies. To remove a module from the receiver. Fig.. then move the other side up (see the following diagram).. Lift 1 Section 3 Page 6 Lift 2 31-160000RX . Access to a PC and the maintenance kit (PAE part number 70-6100MKIT) is essential when carrying out these instructions.

Remove the receiver’s top cover (see Paragraph 14). With the VFP software active. use the VFP Equipment Profiles screen to upload the radio settings to a specified file. d. Using a 6BA nut spinner tool. 17 Ensure that the receiver power is switched off at the rear mounted POWER switch and the receiver is isolated from the ac and/or dc input supplies. CN5 and CN6 to the rear panel. locate and unscrew the 13 captive fasteners securing the top cover to the mainframe. save the equipment settings. to the radio. Locate the DSP module and disconnect the following connectors: CN1 40-way connector (40-way ribbon cable from Rx RF module) CN3 14-way connector (14-way ribbon cable from PSU Regulator module) CN4 34-way connector (34-way ribbon cable from Front Panel module) CN2 SMB connector (from Rx RF module) c. REMOVING AND REFITTING THE DSP MODULE 15 The DSP module is located as shown in Section 6. 4.TOP COVER 14 To remove the top cover. with the VFP software loaded. 5. Place the module in position. Remove the seven M3 x 8 mm captive washer screws that secure the module to the receiver’s mainframe. Removal 16 Before attempting to remove the DSP module. e. remove the six 8 mm UNC screws that secure the DSP module interface connectors CN7. Gain access to the rear of the receiver. Refitting 18 To refit the DSP module. and if possible. Remove the module from the chassis. 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 7 . Ensure no wires are trapped by the module. Access can then be gained to the following modules: o DSP module o Power Supply Unit (PSU) module o PSU Regulator module. A module removal diagram is shown in Fig. Fig. To achieve this connect a PC. proceed as follows: a. b. Then proceed as follows: a.

6. Switch power on at the radio using the rear mounted POWER switch. A module removal diagram is shown in Fig. g. Fit the seven M3 x 8 captive washer screws that secure the module to the receiver’s mainframe. ensure the required settings appear in the Settings column of the VFP Equipment Profiles screen (note that the radio configuration settings can also be entered via the front panel). f. Remove the receiver’s top cover (see Paragraph 14). Ensure the front panel READY indicator is lit and the ALARM indicator is unlit. Section 3 Page 8 31-160000RX .4. CN5 and CN6 are located correctly and are aligned with the screw holes in the rear panel. m. e. [Alternatively the original operating and Fill software can be loaded from the CD-ROM supplied with the original maintenance kit. j. k. ensure that the receiver power is switched off at the rear mounted POWER switch and the receiver is isolated from the ac and/or dc input supplies. page 5. Removal 20 Before attempting to remove the PSU Regulator module. Then proceed as follows: a. Remove the VFP connector and switch power off at the receiver using the rear mounted POWER switch. c. Note that any module sent from PAE as a spare will be programmed with the latest operating and Fill software. Ensure the module’s interface connectors CN7. This may be done by entering the required settings by hand or downloading them from file. Using a nut spinner tool. i. connect the VFP PC to the radio (if not already connected). l. Fig . This will require using the VFP PROGRAM function accessed through the Settings screen to load the original software (see Section 4 for details)]. Refit the following connectors to the module: CN1 40-way connector (40-way ribbon cable from Rx RF module) CN3 14-way connector (14-way ribbon cable from PSU Regulator module) CN4 34-way connector (34-way ribbon cable from Front Panel module) CN2 SMB connector (from Rx RF module). CN5 and CN6 with the six screwloc 8 mm 40 UNC screws removed during the removal procedure. h. REMOVING AND REFITTING THE PSU REGULATOR MODULE 19 The PSU Regulator module is located as shown in Section 6. If a new module has been fitted. Isolate the receiver from the ac and/or dc supplies. The receiver can now be returned to service. secure the interface connectors CN7. Once entered. d. Re-establish the ac and/or dc supplies. Carry out a BIT interruptive test as detailed in the Schedule Maintenance sub-section.b. do not secure them at this time. Refit the receiver’s top cover. Configure the radio using the VFP Equipment Profiles screen.

Ensure no wires are trapped by the module. Refitting 21 To refit the PSU Regulator module. h. d. Refit the receiver’s top cover. Secure the module to the receiver’s mainframe using the five M3 x 8 mm captive washer screws removed during the removal procedure. Locate the PSU Regulator module and disconnect the following connectors: CN4 14-way connector (14-way ribbon cable to DSP module) CN5 10-way connector (10-way ribbon cable to Rx RF module) CN2 2-way connector (2 wire cable from dc input connector on rear panel) CN1 4-way connector (2 wire cable from power supply) CN7 2-way connector (2-wire loom to rear panel On/Off switch). Connect the following connectors: CN7 2-way connector (2-wire cable to rear panel On/Off switch) CN1 4-way connector (2-wire cable from power supply) CN2 2-way connector (2-wire cable from dc input connector on rear panel) CN4 14-way connector (14-way ribbon cable to DSP module) CN5 10-way connector (10-way ribbon cable to Rx RF module). Carry out a BIT interruptive test as detailed in the Schedule Maintenance sub-section. Page 5. refer to Caution (3) following Paragraph 13. 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 9 . Switch power on at the radio using the rear mounted POWER switch. d. e. proceed as follows: a. Remove the five M3 x 8 mm captive washer screws that secure the module to the receiver’s mainframe. Re-establish the ac and/or dc supplies. g. Locate the module in position. Isolate the receiver from the ac and/or dc supplies. Remove the module from the chassis. c. b. The receiver can now be returned to service. Ensure the front panel READY indicator is lit and the ALARM indicator is unlit. f.b. i. c.

Remove the receiver’s top cover (see Paragraph 14). Carry out a BIT interruptive test as detailed in the Schedule Maintenance sub-section. g. A module removal diagram is shown in Fig. Secure the module to the receiver’s mainframe using the three M3 nuts removed during the removal procedure. Refit the receiver’s top cover. 2-wire loom from fuse/ac filter) c. Locate the module in position. Fig. 4. Remove the tie-wraps securing the red and black wires to the perforated cover of the PSU. Switch power on at the radio using the rear mounted POWER switch.wire from chassis. Refitting 24 To refit the PSU. Removal 23 Before attempting to remove the PSU. Ensure no wires are trapped by the module. d. Then proceed as follows: a. h. Isolate the receiver from the ac and/or dc supplies. Remove the three M3 full nuts that secure the module to the receiver’s mainframe. 2-wire loom from fuse/ac filter) CN2 4-way connector (2-wire loom from PSU Regulator module) d. f. b. Re-establish the ac and/or dc supplies. ensure that the receiver power is switched off at the rear mounted POWER switch and the receiver is isolated from the ac and/or dc input supplies. b. Secure the red and black wires (2-wire loom from PSU Regulator module) to the perforated cover of the PSU. Ensure the front panel READY indicator is lit and the ALARM indicator is unlit. Remove the module from the chassis. e. j. The receiver can now be returned to service. Disconnect the following connectors: CN2 4-way connector (2-wire loom from PSU Regulator module) CN1 5-way connector (1. Connect the following connectors: CN1 5-way connector (1-wire from chassis. i. e. proceed as follows: a.REMOVING AND REFITTING THE POWER SUPPLY UNIT (PSU) 22 The Power Supply Unit (PSU) is located as shown in Section 6. c. 7. Page 5. Section 3 Page 10 31-160000RX .

Remove the module. b. c. Then proceed as follows: a. e. Place the module in position. Fit the two M3 x 8 mm captive washer screws that secure the antenna connector (CN4) to the rear panel. Access can then be gained to the Rx RF module. From the rear of the receiver remove the two M3 x 8 mm captive washer screws that secure the antenna connector (CN4) to the rear panel. Remove the receiver’s bottom cover (see Paragraph 25). Ensure no wires are trapped by the module and the antenna connector is correctly aligned with the screw holes in the rear panel. mainframe but do not tighten. Fit the seven M3 x 8 mm captive washer screws that secure the module to the receiver’s b. then tighten the seven M3 x 8 mm captive screws to secure the module to the receiver’s mainframe. d. ensure that the receiver power is switched off at the rear mounted POWER switch and the receiver is isolated from the ac and/or dc input supplies. with antenna connector attached. c. Locate the module and disconnect the following connectors: CN3 40-way connector (40-way ribbon cable from DSP module) CN2 SMB connector (from DSP module) CN5 10-way connector (10-way ribbon cable from PSU Regulator module) c. Fig. Remove the seven M3 x 8 mm captive washer screws that secure the module to the receiver’s mainframe. Removal 27 Before attempting to remove the Rx RF module.BOTTOM COVER 25 To remove the bottom cover. 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 11 . Refitting 28 To refit the Rx RF module. from the chassis. proceed as follows: a. locate and unscrew the 13 captive screws securing the bottom cover to the mainframe. A module removal diagram is shown in Fig. REMOVING AND REFITTING THE RX RF MODULE 26 The Rx RF module is located as shown in Section 6. 8. 4.

g. Then proceed as follows: a. Remove the four M3 x 8 mm countersunk screws from the bottom and top of the mainframe box section (see Fig. Carefully pull the cable through the aperture in the mainframe to free it. Diagram A). f. 9. Isolate the receiver from the ac and/or dc supplies. Carry out a BIT interruptive test as detailed in the Schedule Maintenance sub-section. The receiver can now be returned to service. Refit the receiver’s top cover. h.5 mm allen key. Diagram B). 4. Remove the front panel from the mainframe ensuring the attached ribbon cable is clear of the mainframe without snagging. The front panel can now be moved forward and away from the mainframe. ensure that the receiver power is switched off at the rear mounted POWER switch and the receiver is isolated from the ac and/or dc input supplies. Connect the following connectors: CN5 10-way connector (10-way ribbon cable from Power Regulator module) CN2 SMB connector (from DSP module) CN3 40-way connector (40-way ribbon cable from DSP module) e. Remove the receiver’s top and bottom covers (see Paragraphs 14 and 25). Page 5. An assembly and PCB removal diagram is shown in Fig. 9. Ensure the front panel READY indicator is lit and the ALARM indicator is unlit. i. Fig. Re-establish the ac and/or dc supplies. g. Disconnect CN4 at the DSP module. Removal 30 Before attempting to remove the Front Panel assembly PCB. c.d. REMOVING AND REFITTING THE FRONT PANEL ASSEMBLY PCB 29 The Front Panel assembly is located as shown in Section 6. 9. Section 3 Page 12 31-160000RX . Remove the Front Panel PCB from the Front Panel assembly by removing the eight M3 x 6 mm panhead screws and wavy washers (see Fig. Remove the two black equipment handles by unscrewing and removing the four M5 x 16 mm panhead screws that secure them to the receiver. Withdraw the control knob from the spindle. f. Switch power on at the radio using the rear mounted POWER switch. e. b. release the control knob by unscrewing the allen head grub screw using a 1. Disconnect the SMB connector CN4. d. j. At the front panel.

Place the PCB in position at the Front Panel assembly. Re-establish the ac and/or dc supplies. Secure the Front Panel assembly to the top and bottom of the mainframe box section using the four M3 x 8 mm countersunk screws. c. Refit the receiver’s top and bottom covers. g. Carry out a BIT interruptive test as detailed in the Schedule Maintenance sub-section. j. e. Route the ribbon cable to the DSP module connector CN4 and connect it. Switch power on at the radio using the rear mounted POWER switch. b. Secure the PCB to the Front Panel assembly using the eight M3 x 6 mm panhead screws and wavy washers (see Fig. h. k. At the front panel. Ensure the front panel READY indicator is lit and the ALARM indicator is unlit. place the control knob onto the spindle and using a 1. Diagram A). 9. i. With the Front Panel assembly positioned adjacent to the mainframe. secure with the allen head grub screw. connect the SMB connector CN4. proceed as follows: a. The receiver can now be returned to service.5 mm allen key. 9 Diagram B).Refitting 31 To refit the Front Panel assembly PCB. Ensure the spindle of the control knob and headset/diagnostics connector are correctly located. 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 13 . Isolate the receiver from the ac and/or dc supplies. Fit the two black equipment handles using the four M5 x 16 mm panhead screws (see Fig. d. f. Page 5.

Press the switch.FAULT DIAGNOSIS PROCEDURE 32 If the receiver becomes unserviceable. or during interruptive BIT checks. then press the switch. To access the front panel BIT view menu: From the Main screen press the switch to display the Options menu. Turn the switch until BIT is highlighted. 33 If the ALARM indicator lights during normal operation. the faulty module may be traced by the aid of the front panel LCD and Scroll/Select control. Ensure the BIT menu is displayed. B I T I n i t i a t e B I T V i e w E T I h h h h h : mm B a c k Section 3 Page 14 E x i t E x i t 31-160000RX . o AC supply o DC supply o Supply volts o Synth lock o Sensitivity o RF filters o IF filters o Audio out o DSP 1 o DSP 2 o Xilinx o EEPROM o Startup. Turn the switch until BIT View is highlighted. VFP or MARC. F r e q u e n c y C h a n n e l C o n f i g u r e B I T b. VFP information is dealt with in Section 4 of this handbook and MARC information in the MARC User Guide. the faulty module(s) may be determined by observing the front panel BIT view menu to ascertain the status of the following parameters: 34 a. The following information is in respect of the front panel LCD and Scroll/Select control.

A C S u p p l y O N D C S u p p l y O N S u p p l y 2 4 V > > b. Sens gives an estimate of the receiver sensitivity level. S e n s L o c k P A S S i t i v i t y S e n s . to scroll backwards turn the control left. Supply gives the current level of the unregulated supply. P A S S . S y n t h RF. IF. checks the tuning of the RF filters. Will show FAIL if one of the initialisation checks performed at power-up fails. The following shows the BIT screens when scrolling forward: a.35 By turning the Scroll/Select control right or left scrolls the menu through the BIT screens. checks the IF band filters by checking the response across the tuning range. MARC and HDLC are not part of BIT testing but provide an indication as to whether there is anything connected to the MARC and HDLC (computer) ports. d. Indicates FAIL if the EEPROM read/write checks fail. Synth Lock indicates FAIL if the synthesiser is out of lock. Will show PASS if all initialisation checks performed at power-up pass. Checks that the Xilinx is operating. R F F i l t e r s P A S S I F F i l t e r s P A S S O u t P A S S Checks that both DSPs are operating. Indicates the presence of an ac supply and dc supply. > > E E P R O M > > P A S S M A R C A C T I V E H D L C I N A C T I V E < < S t a r t u p > > P A S S < < Section 3 Page 15 . Audio checks to see if audio is present at the line output.1 0 7 d B m < < A u d i o < < f. To scroll forward turn the control right. 31-160000RX > > D S P 1 P A S S D S P 2 P A S S X i P A S S l i n x < < e. Sensitivity checks the sensitivity levels using an internal RF source. c.

A d v i s e B a c k < < 36 The Advise menu when selected will show and advise the user of the actions that need to be taken in order to repair a faulty equipment. With power re-established check the Alarm indicator and Advise screen to see if the fault is cleared. When several failures are listed in the BIT screens. c. Selecting Advise selects the Advise menu. the Advise function analyses the list of failures and recommends the appropriate order in which the modules or components should be checked to locate the fault. < < Corrective Action 39 Using the procedures described in the Dismantling and Assembly Instructions sub-section. P A S S .1 0 7 d B m < < b. The BIT View menu may show the following screen. This shows the most probable area(s) of failure in order of priority. Section 3 Page 16 31-160000RX . Back displays the BIT menu. Repeat the process until all modules listed have been eliminated. S y n t h S e n s L o c k F A I L i t i v i t y S e n s . 37 Some of the areas that can be checked are as follows: o PSU o RX RF module o DSP module. gain access to and replace the highest priority module listed in the Advise menu. Page 5. This screen is the last BIT View screen.g. Carry out an interruptive BIT as detailed in the Schedule Maintenance sub-section. P l e a s e > > C h e c k 1 : R x R F 2 : D S P > > B a c k E x i t . If the fault is not cleared repeat the process for the next highest priority module shown in the Advise screen. Selecting Exit with the Scroll/Select control quits the BIT menu system and returns the user to the main screen. When all possibilities have been scrolled through the following screen is displayed. When the Advise menu is selected the screen opposite may be displayed. the top being the most likely area that should be actioned first. 38 As an example: a. Selecting Back with the Scroll/Select control displays the BIT View menu. If no faults are detected 'No Faults' will be displayed.

Check the connectors from the PSU regulator module to DSP and Rx RF module. If an ac only or dc only supply is connected only the relevant fuse need be checked (see Fig. If it blows again the fault is either the dc connector. switch the radio off. replace and try again. 1b Rear panel fuse(s) blown With dc only connected If fuse F1 blown.BIT inoperative 40 Certain fault conditions can result in the BIT facility being inoperative. 1c Rear panel fuse(s) not blown If the rear panel fuses are intact. loom or the Power Supply module. for security of attachment and serviceability. loom or the PSU Regulator module. PSU Regulator module or PSU module. If in Boot mode. reset to Flash mode. namely power supply failure or complete failure of the DSP module. Front Panel module. (continued) 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 17 . located on the rear panel are checked prior to proceeding any further. 1a Fault 1 still apparent If a supply voltage fault is suspected it is recommended that the fuses F1 and F2. remove the ac and/or dc supplies from the radio and remove the top lid. Table 1 Non-BIT Fault Finding Guide Fault No. Table 1 provides a guide for fault finding under these conditions. If it blows again the fault is either the ac connector. Receiver switched on but Using the VFP ensure that the radio is not in Boot mode no front panel indicators lit (reference Section 4. With ac only connected If fuse F2 blown. 41 Before carrying out the procedures listed in Table 1 check all external connectors for security of attachment and serviceability. and from the DSP module to the Front Panel. Versions screen function). Chapter 1. Symptom Action 1. replace and try again. 1 for locations and Section 5 for fuse details).

If no dc present check the ac input supply to the PSU at connector CN1. restore the ac and/or dc supplies and switch the receiver on. (continued) Section 3 Page 18 31-160000RX . (3) -15 V dc between test point TP2 (-) and the wire link coupling TP6 to TP7 (+). (4) + 5 V dc between test point TP5 (+) and the wire link coupling TP6 to TP7 (-). If unregulated dc not present at fuse FS1 proceed as follows: With ac only connected Check the dc at the PSU output connector CN2. With ac and dc or dc only connected Change the PSU Regulator module. remove the ac and/or dc supplies from the radio.Table 1 Non-BIT Fault Finding Guide (continued) Fault No. Symptom Action On the DSP module (see diagram A on Page 20). supplies are absent. If none of these supplies present. (2) +15 V dc between test point TP4 (+) and the wire link coupling TP6 to TP7 (-). Change the fuse and disconnect CN4 and CN5 on the PSU Regulator module. Check for unregulated dc at FS1 of PSU Regulator module. 1e Fuse FS1 on PSU Regulator module blown Change fuse FS1. If fuse blows again switch the receiver off and remove ac and/or dc supplies. Change the PSU if the ac input present. suspect the PSU Regulator module. suspect the Front Panel PCB or the DSP module. If all supplies present. but not all. Gain access to the PSU Regulator module and check fuse FS1 on the PSU Regulator. 1d Fuse FS1 on PSU Regulator module not blown If the fuse is not blown. If one or more. check for the following: (1) Unregulated dc between test point TP18 (+) and the wire link coupling TP6 to TP7 (-). Restore ac and/or dc supplies and switch the receiver on.

1g Fuse FS1 on PSU Regulator module not blown Remove ac and/or dc supplies and switch off. If fuse not blown go to step 1g. switch off and replace the PSU Regulator module. remove ac and/or dc supplies. Observe fuse FS1 on the PSU Regulator module. 31-160000RX Section 3 Page 19 . replace the DSP module. If fuse blown.Table 1 Non-BIT Fault Finding Guide (continued) Fault No. Replace CN4. Replace the DSP module. 2 One or more Front Panel LEDs lit but LCD unlit Switch the receiver off and remove the ac and/or dc supplies. 3 LCD lit but receiver inoperable Switch the receiver off and remove the ac and/or dc supplies. Symptom Action 1f Fuse FS1 on PSU Regulator module blows again Restore the ac and/or dc supplies and switch the receiver on. Replace the Front Panel module. Restore the ac and/or dc supplies and switch the receiver on. If fuse not blown replace the Rx RF module. Observe fuse FS1 on the PSU Regulator module. If blown.

Diagram A Section 3 Page 20 31-160000RX .

Section 4 Virtual Front Panel (VFP) Paragraph 1 Introduction INTRODUCTION 1 This section is divided into chapters to separate the VFP operational requirements for receivers configured in different operating modes. provide VFP operational information for other operating modes. The chapters are divided as follows: o Chapter 1 provides VFP operational information that is specific for receivers configured in AM-voice mode. o Chapter 2 onwards will. when available. 2 Each chapter will contain information that is common to all modes of operation in addition to information required for the specific mode of operation. 31-160000RX Section 4 Page 1 .

Intentionally Blank

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31-160000RX

Section 4 Chapter 1

VFP AM-Voice Operation

Paragraph
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Introduction
Installing the virtual front panel (VFP) software
Preparing the virtual front panel for use
Using the VFP
Frequency management screen
Recall function
Edit function
Store function
Setup function
Settings screen
BIT screen
Versions screen
Reboot function
Erase function
Program function
Equipment profiles screen
Receive function
Send function
Save function
Load function
Edit function
Print function
Loading default equipment profile

Table
1
2

Page
Operational settings
Example test results

7
8

INTRODUCTION
1 This chapter describes the facilities available when using the Virtual Front Panel (VFP) software
with radios configured for AM-voice operation. The VFP software is located on the CD-ROM supplied
with this handbook.
2 The T6R's operating frequency and settings can be selected at the receiver's front panel using the
multi-function Scroll/Select switch and LCD (see Fig. 1). Procedures for setting the receiver from the
front panel are given in the T6R Receiver User Guide.
3 VFP software, which runs on an IBM™ compatible PC, can also be used to set up the receiver.
Using the VFP offers several advantages over setting up from a receiver's front panel. These are:
o

When set up using the VFP, a profile of the receiver's operational settings can be created. The
profile can then be used to automatically set up other radios within a system, or to reset a radio
should the DSP module ever be replaced.

o

After setting up from the VFP, the receiver's front panel can be locked. This means that a
receiver's settings cannot inadvertently be changed by tampering with the front panel controls.

o

A print-out of a receiver's profile (all the operational settings) can be made from the VFP.

31-160000RX

Section 4 Chapter 1
Page 1

o

The receiver's original operating software can be reloaded from the VFP should the DSP
module ever be replaced (this facility is not available from the receiver's front panel).

o

New operating software for the receiver can be downloaded through the VFP (this facility is not
available from the receiver's front panel).

INSTALLING THE VIRTUAL FRONT PANEL (VFP) SOFTWARE
4

The VFP software is supplied by PAE on CD-ROM. To install the software onto a PC:
(a) Ensure that your PC is running Windows 95™ or Windows NT and that no applications are
running in the background.
(b) Insert the CD-ROM containing the PAE software into the PC’s CD-ROM drive.
(c) From the Start menu select RUN.
(d) In the RUN dialogue box, key in, ‘#:\SETUP.EXE’ and click on ‘OK’ (where # is the drive letter of
the CD-ROM drive).
(e) The Set-up procedure then begins. Follow the on-screen instructions.
(f) When completed, the set-up programme returns the PC to the Desktop and displays the
following icon:

(g) The VFP is now installed.

PREPARING THE VIRTUAL FRONT PANEL FOR USE
5

To prepare the virtual front panel for use:
(a) Using the lead supplied (see Fig. 10) connect between the radio’s front panel Diagnostics
connector and the PC’s COM Port 1 connector.
(b) Ensure power is switched on at the radio and the PC.
(c) At the radio, check that the appropriate Status indicators are lit (see Section 6, Fig. 1).
(d) At the PC, start the software by clicking on the desktop display VFP.exe icon. The following
screen is displayed if the radio has been previously set-up (the normal condition when received
from PAE):

Section 4 Chapter 1
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31-160000RX

VFP Format

USING THE VFP
6 To set the parameters applicable to the radio’s operation five main screens can be selected by the
user; these screens are as follows:
o

Frequency Management

o

Settings

o

BIT

o

Versions

o

Equipment Profiles.

7 The two indicators at the bottom right of the screen indicate data communications activity between
the VFP and radio. The indicators flash green during data transfers.

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To edit a channel frequency proceed as follows: a. The radio is now set to operate on the frequency displayed for the selected channel. Frequency Management Screen 9 Four functions are available and selectable from this screen. and allows up to 100 preset frequency channels to be stored in the receiver's internal memory. Select the required channel using the mouse. To recall a channel proceed as follows: a. Select the RECALL key.FREQUENCY MANAGEMENT SCREEN 8 The Frequency Management screen allows the receiver's operational frequency to be selected. Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 4 31-160000RX . EDIT Function 11 Pressing this key allows the frequency to be changed using the keyboard (editing can also begin by double clicking while the selected parameter is highlighted). Select the required channel using the mouse. these are: o RECALL o EDIT o STORE o SETUP RECALL Function 10 The Recall function allows the user to recall any of up to 100 channels stored in the radio. b. This highlights the selected channel frequency display.

b. edit the frequency display to set-in the required frequency. been saved to the radio. Last Frequency and Step Size all need to be set-in again. having an equal step size between channels. If an invalid step size for the range is selected. c. 31-160000RX Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 5 . Proceed as follows: a. With the selected channel frequency highlighted and using the mouse and keyboard. A correct step size can then be set-in by accessing the SETUP screen. Delete any existing value in this field and then enter the highest frequency (129. b. can be automatically stored in the receiver using the SETUP function. press the keyboard Enter key.000 MHz to 129.975 1 This means First Frequency. The channel frequency can now be saved to the radio by using the STORE function.900 MHz (100 channels total). Click in the Program box. e.900 MHz in this example). d. This means the parameter has been changed but has not. Delete any existing value in this field and then enter the lowest frequency (120. c. g. Place the cursor in the First Frequency field. Example: 14 To store all 100 kHz spaced channels from 120. When the required frequency has been set-in. Enter the required step (in this example: 0. when a row is selected (highlighted).000 136. the following Error screen is displayed. Place the cursor in the Last Frequency field. Select the Frequency Management screen (see Page 4). Click in the SETUP box and check that the Add Channels screen is displayed. d. Note Each time the SETUP screen is accessed it defaults to: First Frequency Last Frequency Step Size 118. The frequency value and channel number change colour to red.000 MHz in this example). STORE Function 12 Pressing this key. f. as yet. SETUP Function 13 Up to 100 frequency channels. Check that the Frequency Management screen is displayed with the required channels and frequencies. saves that channel frequency to the radio. Pressing OK returns you to the Frequency Management screen. Place the cursor in the Step Size field.1000 MHz).

. as required. press the keyboard Enter key. The edited setting can now be saved to the radio by using the STORE function. Note .SETTINGS SCREEN 15 The Settings screen allows the user to select most of the receiver’s operational settings. no operational settings can be made from the front panel of the radio until an ‘unlock’ command is sent from the VFP using this screen or the Equipment Profile screen. Entries that require the mouse only produce a drop down menu from which the required setting can be selected. Select the required parameter using the mouse. d. giving the range adjustment and example settings. This means the parameter has been changed but has not. This highlights the selected parameter. b. The Settings screen allows the receiver's front panel to be ‘locked’. The present settings entry can then be edited using the mouse and sometimes. The parameter and setting text change colour to red. Settings Screen 16 To change a setting proceed as follows: a.. as yet. Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 6 31-160000RX . Table 1 shows a list of parameters and settings. been saved to the radio. c. When the required setting has been edited. the keyboard. click-on EDIT or double click using the mouse. With the selected parameter highlighted. When this facility is active.

Positive Pull-down menu to select Disable Input Polarity Negative .Positive Pull-down menu to select Loudspeaker Volume 0 .On Pull-down menu to select Front Panel Lock State Unlocked .On Disable Off .100% Ready Output Off .On AGC Off .9600 baud Pull-down menu to select MARC Lock State Unlocked .On Loudspeaker Off .120 s Frequency Trim 0 .Table 1 Operational Settings Parameter Adjustment Range Comments Equipment ID Max 20 characters alpha/numeric & space LCD Backlight Timeout 15 .Positive Pull-down menu to select Squelch Output Polarity Negative .On 31-160000RX Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 7 .On Squelch Input Polarity Negative .Locked Pull-down menu to select Marc Baud rate 300 .100% Equipment Standby State Off .Locked Pull-down menu to select BIT Initiate Input Polarity Negative .Positive Pull-down menu to select Line Out Level -30 to 0 dBm Squelch -114 to -60 dBm Squelch Defeat Off .

BIT SCREEN 17 The BIT screen allows the user to initiate a BIT test from the VFP. 19 Scroll through all tested hardware to determine the results of each test (see Table 2 for example). BIT Screen 18 To initiate a BIT test. Table 2 Example Test Results Test Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 8 Results BIT Supply Voltage 24 V BIT Sensitivity Pass BIT RF Filters Pass BIT DSP 1 Module Pass BIT DSP 2 Module Pass BIT IF Filters Pass BIT Audio Pass BIT Xilinx Pass BIT Eeprom Pass BIT Marc Inactive BIT Hdlc Inactive 31-160000RX . Table 2 shows a list of hardware tested and example test results. When complete an audible ‘bleep’ will be emitted by the radio and the results of the test will appear in the right-hand column of the BIT screen. click-on TEST using the mouse. The TEST control will be disabled for the duration of the test and an interruptive BIT test will be performed.

20 Failures are put to the top of the list and highlighted in red (errors) and orange (warnings). All others areas can be selected. With Flash loaded the ERASE and PROGRAM controls are inoperative. With Flash loaded the radio is operative. The Advise screen advises the user of hardware that may be at fault. 21 All tests. the ERASE and PROGRAM controls are operative). The BIT supply test will cause the value of the internal unregulated supply to be shown. BIT Marc and BIT Hdlc will show either Pass or Fail. Through this screen the operating software and mode software can be updated. o Boot is the Boot program and cannot be altered in software (with this software loaded as Main. 31-160000RX Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 9 . BIT Marc and BIT Hdlc are not strictly tests of serviceability but merely give an indication as to whether there is anything connected to the MARC or HDLC interfaces. Versions Screen 24 The shaded areas in the Versions screen cannot be selected. the radio is inoperative and all indications are blank. apart from BIT supply. o XDSP is the current Fill (mode software). the software entries in these areas can be erased or reprogrammed. 22 If a tested item shows Fail refer to the fault diagnosis information in Section 3 to access the Advise menu via the front panel Scroll/Select switch and LCD of the radio. VERSIONS SCREEN 23 The Versions screen displays the versions of the radio’s software. 25 The shaded sectors represent the selected software and are described as follows: o Main is either the Flash software or the Boot software. Also while the Boot software is selected as Main.

you contact PAE. Reboot Function 26 The Reboot function allows you to change the Main software from Flash to Boot or vice versa. ERASE Function 27 The Erase function can only be used when Boot code is loaded as Main. To change the Main software from Flash to Boot proceed as follows: Flash to Boot a. Using the mouse click-on Boot (situated towards the bottom left of the Versions screen display). The Flash code is downloaded to the radio and the Main Fill software description changes to the Flash. b. The Boot code is downloaded to the radio and the Main Fill software description changes to the Boot. Note that the radio is now inoperative... a black dot will appear in the selection window. Using the mouse click-on Flash (situated towards the bottom left of the Versions screen display). Using the mouse click-on Yes. a black dot will appear in the selection window. When selected. Note that the radio is now operative. The Emergency Fill (Fill 4) is for future use. This Fill cannot be erased but can be reprogrammed. Boot to Flash a. Using the mouse click-on Yes. The following screen will appear: c. Using the mouse click-on the Reboot control. b. It is strongly recommended that before any attempt is made to reprogram this area. Using the mouse click-on the Reboot control.Note . The following screen will appear: c. When selected. If an attempt is made to use this function with Flash code loaded the following message will be displayed: Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 10 31-160000RX .

The line will change colour to blue indicating the entry has been selected. The program operation is the same for both these codes. Using the mouse click-on ERASE (or double click). 32 As an example. and using the mouse.28 Only the sectors in the non-shaded areas can be erased. the following message will be displayed: 31 Only the sectors in the non-shaded areas can be programmed. b. click-on the Flash Fill entry. The entry will then be erased and the following message shown. With the Boot software loaded as Main. Using the mouse click-on OK. These are the Flash code (main operating software) and Fill code (mode specific software). and using the mouse. The line will change colour to blue indicating the sector has been selected. The erase operation is the same for both these codes. 29 As an example. to erase the Flash code proceed as follows: a. These are the Flash code (main operating software) and Fill code (mode specific software). The following message will be displayed: c. b. you are then returned to the Versions screen where the Sector 1 entry shows EMPTY. to program a new Flash code proceed as follows: a. PROGRAM Function 30 The Program function can only be used when Boot code is loaded as Main. Using the mouse click-on PROGRAM. The following screen will be displayed: 31-160000RX Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 11 . With the Boot software loaded as Main. If an attempt is made to use this function with Flash code loaded. Using the mouse click-on Yes. click-on the Flash Fill sector.

This could be updated code from a floppy disk (the example screen shown above displays A:\flash. During the transfer. The flash code is then downloaded to the radio and the software description displayed in Sector 1 of the Versions screen. a graphic indicates that data is being sent by displaying the current position in the download procedure in the Sending window and current number of data packages sent. e.c. At the end of the download the following screen is displayed: g. Using the mouse click-on Download. Using the mouse click-on OK. The system reverts to the main Versions screen. Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 12 31-160000RX . Using the mouse click-on Browse. d.bin as the file containing the Flash code). f. Retries show the number of times the download is retried and the Total window shows the number of data packages and retries. at any one time. in the Packet window. Two other windows are associated with this procedure. Using the Windows Open screen search for the specified file that contains the Flash code.

Equipment Profiles Screen Note ..prf. i.e. When this facility is active. The radio’s profile will then be uploaded to the VFP Equipment Profiles screen. 31-160000RX Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 13 . o SEND/RECEIVE equipment profiles (all settings) to/from an equipment. The VFP Equipment Profiles screen allows the receiver's front panel to be ‘locked’. The settings profile will then be downloaded to the radio. SEND Function 35 To send a Settings profile from the VFP to the radio.EQUIPMENT PROFILES SCREEN 33 The Equipment Profiles screen allows the user to perform the following functions: o LOAD/SAVE equipment profiles (all settings) to/from a specified file.. click-on SEND. RECEIVE Function 34 To receive a Settings profile from the radio click-on RECEIVE. T6R. o EDIT any equipment profile setting. no operational settings can be made from the front panel of the radio until an ‘unlock’ command is sent from the VFP using this screen or the VFP Settings screen.

From the menu displayed.SAVE Function 36 To save a Settings profile from the VFP to a specified file. click-on LOAD. file name and file type). b. Entries that require the mouse only produce a drop down menu from which the required setting can be selected. with all other settings. LOAD Function 37 To load a Settings profile from a specified file. LOADING DEFAULT EQUIPMENT PROFILE 40 To reload the equipment profile set in at PAE prior to delivery. select the Equipment Profiles screen. With the selected parameter highlighted. Once these details are entered press Open in Windows. A standard Windows display will prompt you for the file details (folder. This means the parameter has been changed but has not. Section 4 Chapter 1 Page 14 31-160000RX . as yet. select Print Profile and the Windows Print screen will appear. When the required setting has been edited. e. proceed as follows: a. EDIT Function 38 Selecting this key allows any parameter to be edited as follows: a. To produce a hard copy: a. The edited setting. click-on EDIT (or double click) using the mouse. and by setting the required print characteristics. c. print the information displayed in the Equipment Profiles screen. Once these details are entered press Save in Windows. With the VFP installed and configured as described in Paragraphs 4 and 5. press the keyboard Enter key. Print Function 39 The Print function provides a hard copy of the Equipment Profile. c. b. At the VFP and using the mouse. c. Using the mouse click-on at the top left of the screen. been saved to the radio. as required. b. d. the settings profile will then be loaded into the Profiles screen. A standard Windows display will prompt you for the file details (folder. The parameter and setting text change colour to red. can now be saved to the radio by using the SAVE function. load the CD-ROM. The present settings entry can then be edited using the mouse and sometimes. Carry out the procedure detailed in Paragraph 37. the keyboard. Remove the CD-ROM disk from the handbook pouch. file and file type). the settings profile will then be saved to file. Using the Windows Print screen. Send the profile to the radio as detailed in Paragraph 35. click-on SAVE.

ACCESSORIES SUPPLIED WITH RECEIVER 2 Accessories supplied with the receiver are as follows: o User Guide (PAE part number 31-360000RX) o AC Mains Connector o 15-way D-type Facilities Connector OTHER AVAILABLE ACCESSORIES 3 Other available accessories are as follows: o Maintenance Kit. 31-160000RX Section 5 Page 1 . part number 17E12600001.VFP computer to equipment lead. PAE part number 70-6100MKIT.Section 5 Parts List Paragraph 1 2 3 4 5 6 Introduction Accessories supplied with receiver Other available accessories Spare parts Fuses PAE model identification INTRODUCTION 1 This section details the accessories supplied with the PAE T6R receiver and part numbers of the replaceable modules and assemblies. The PAE T6R receiver’s part number is: B6100. This kit includes a maintenance handbook (this handbook). PC based diagnostic/set-up software and T6 .

Spare Parts DSP Module PSU Regulator Module Front Panel Module Rx RF Module Power Supply Module Part Number B68-63500010 B68-60000013 B68-63500016 B68-61000012 B69E61000014S Comments To order spare parts contact PAE by phone. rated at 3 A 29-11100202 Rear Panel T3.SPARE PARTS 4 Spare parts consist of fully tested. The label is illustrated below: Section 5 Page 2 31-160000RX .. PAEs address and fax number are detailed on the title page of this handbook Note . fax or by written request. rated at 15 A 29-01350201 PSU Regulator module PAE MODEL IDENTIFICATION 6 Each receiver has a ‘model identification’ label fitted to the rear panel. Access to a PC and the Maintenance Kit (PAE part number 70-6100MKIT) is essential when removing and replacing spare parts. burnt-in replacement modules and assemblies. FUSES 5 Three replaceable fuses are available as detailed below: Fuse F1 F2 For 110 /120 V input supply For 220/230/240 V input supply F1 Fuse Details PAE Part Number Location Size 0..15A UL T3.15A 250 V IEC 127 HBC 29-01470102S 29C01100102S Integral part of rear panel ac connector Size 0.

. . DEV083-26 3 Wiring and interconnection diagram . . . . . . . . DEV083-28-2 31-160000RX (Amdt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .removal and refitting detail . . . DEV083-17-2 9 Front panel assembly PCB . . . . GA10035-2 4 Module location diagram. . .removal and refitting detail .removal and refitting detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . DEV083-19-2 6 PSU regulator module . . . . DEV083-27-2 10 Diagnostic/set-up interconnection lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .removal and refitting detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A Nov 03) Section 6 Page 1 . . . . . . . . . . . DEV083-18-2 8 Rx RF module . . . . . DEV083-16-2 7 Power supply unit (PSU) . . . . . . .removal and refitting detail. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DEV083-10/DEV083-11 2 T6R overall block diagram . . . . . DEV083-25 5 DSP module . . . . . .Section 6 Figures Figure 1 T6R front and rear panels . . . . . . . . .

Intentionally Blank Section 6 Page 2 31-160000RX .

2) (DEV083-11) T6R Front and Rear Panels Fig.(DEV083-10 Iss. 1 .

2 .(DEV083-26) T6R Overall Block Diagram Fig.

(GA10035-2) Wiring and Interconnection Diagram Fig. 3 .

(DEV083-25) Module Location Diagram Fig. 4 .

(DEV-83-19-2) DSP Module .Removal and Refitting Detail Fig. 5 .

6 .(DEV083-16-2) PSU Regulator Module .Removal and Refitting Detail Fig.

Removal and Refitting Detail Fig.(DEV083-18-2) Power Supply Unit (PSU) . 7 .

(DEV083-17-2) Rx RF Module . 8 .Removal and Refitting Detail Fig.

(DEV083-27-2) Front Panel Assembly PCB . 9 .Removal and Refitting Detail Fig.

(DEV083-28-2) Diagnostic/Set-up Interconnection Lead Fig. 10 .