5

Multiview
Drawings

• Explain the relationship between an orthographic
projection and a multiview drawing.
• Explain three visualization principles for multiview
drawings.
• Identify and define the three dimensions of an
object.
• Define the three regular views.

Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. and runouts. • Identify differences between third-angle and firstangle projection. rounds. Identify the three types of flat surfaces. Explain characteristics of fillets. .• • • • Identify three principal planes of projection. Explain characteristics of cylindrical surfaces.

.Orthographic Projection • Created by projecting the points of a threedimensional object onto a two-dimensional plane Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Multiview Projection • Orthographic projection consisting of systematically arranged views to describe an object Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

and multiview drawing are interchangeable terms • Represents the main type of drawing views used in industrial prints Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.Definition Summary • Orthographic projection. multiview projection. .

.Selection of Views • Six normal views: – – – – – – Front Back Top Bottom Right side Left side Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Selection of Views • Three “regular” views commonly used in education: – Front – Top – Right side Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

Selection of Views Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

Dimensions of an Object • Height is how tall the object is. . as measured on the front view • Depth is how deep the object is from front to back • Each dimension appears twice in the three regular views • “Length” and “breadth” are terms not used Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. as measured on the front view • Width is how wide the object is.

.Dimensions of an Object Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

.Three Orientation Possibilities • Perpendicular • Parallel • Inclined Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Three Projection Possibilities • Edge view • True size and shape • Foreshortened shape Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

.Three Principal Planes of Projection • Frontal plane • Horizontal plane • Profile plane Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Three Types of Flat Surfaces • Normal Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

.Three Types of Flat Surfaces • Inclined Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Three Types of Flat Surfaces • Oblique Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

.Cylindrical and Curved Surfaces Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Meanings of a Multiview Line • A—Edge view of a flat or curved surface • B—Intersection of two surfaces (just an edge) • C—Maximum contour of a curved surface Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

. the two planes are revolved into one.First-Angle and Third-Angle Projection • Dividing space into quadrants – Historical development of projection theory used two planes to divide space – After projections. with quadrants two and four “collapsed” Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

First-Angle and Third-Angle Projection Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

Third-Angle Projection • Used in the United States Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

.First-Angle Projection • Used in Europe Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

• What is the relationship between orthographic projection and a multiview drawing? Each view in a multiview drawing is based on orthographic projection Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. .

and depth Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.• What are the three basic dimensions of any object? Height. width. .

• What are the three regular views on a multiview drawing? Front. . top. and right side Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

and profile Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.• What are the three principal planes of projection? Frontal. horizontal. .

parallel.• Briefly describe the three visualization principles for multiview drawings. true size and shape. or foreshortened. Principle Two: All flat surfaces appear as either a line. Principle Three: All surfaces appear in every view. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. or inclined to a plane of projection. . Principle One: A flat surface is oriented perpendicular.

. inclined. and oblique Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.• What are the three types of flat surfaces? Normal.

If a flat surface is tangent to the cylindrical surface. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. . Cylindrical surfaces are made up of thousands of elements. no line appears at the element of tangency.• Briefly explain the characteristics of cylindrical surfaces in multiview drawings.

. Fillets are interior rounded edges. and runouts. A line may be shown in projection for fillets and rounds if needed for clarity. Runouts occur when a rounded corner intersects a curved surface and the edge “tails” out.• Explain characteristics of fillets. Rounds are exterior rounded edges. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Runouts are usually represented in projection. rounds.

. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. In first-angle projection. the object resides in the first angle of space.• What is the difference between third-angle and first-angle projection? In third-angle projection. resulting in the top view being located below the front view. the object resides in the third angle of space. resulting in the top view being located above the front view.