India Pakistan

agENDa • • • • • Cross Border Terrorism Water Sharing Siachin Sir Creek area Trade .

INDIa vS. • SECOND WAR WAS HAPPENED IN 1965 • BANGLADESH LIBERATION WAR IN 1971.WaRS. • KARGIL WAR IN 1999 . PaKISTaN • AN UNANOUNCED WAR IN 1947.

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now under dispute. but left the westernmost part of the border fluid. • After the Indo-Pak was of 1965. • opens up into the Arabian Sea • India sticks to its position that the boundary lies mid-channel as depicted in another map drawn in 1925.SIR CREEK • 96 KM LONG STRIP OF WATER in the Rann of Kutch marshland. • The Thalwegdoctrine:a river can be divided from its mid channel if two nations are agreed upon the dividence. fixed the land border up to a point called the Western Terminus. a UN tribunal the tribunal supported India’s claim to 90 per cent of the Rann. . and implemented by the installation of midchannel pillars back in 1924. This includes the stretch of water under Sir Creek.

SIaCHEN: highest battleground on earth .

Siachin Issue .

000 square miles (3.• 1984: Operation Meghdoot . • India controls more than 1. . India gained control of the Siachen Glacier (unoccupied and undemarcated area).000 km2) of territory. • Control on three main passes – Sia La – Bilafond La – Gyong La.

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with a commissioner appointed by each country. .Indus Water Treaty • Brokered by the World Bank signed in 1960. • Western rivers (For Pakistan’s Use) – Indus – Jhelum – Chenab • Eastern rivers (For India’s Use) – – – • Sutlej Beas Ravi The countries agree to exchange data and co-operate in matters related to the treaty thru Permanent Indus Commission.

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Kishanganga • The Kishanganga riveris a tributary of the Jhelum.642 crore. whether or not India was allowed to use drawdown flushing to tackle sedimentation. whether or not inter-tributary diversion was permitted by the IWT – second. . • In 2010.3. Pakistan approached the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) for arbitration under IWT raising two major observations: – one. • Being executed at a cost of Rs. the project is expected to be completed by 2016. a hydro-electric project is being constructed by India with a planned capacity of 330 MW by diverting the waters of the Kishanganga/Neelum river through a 23-kmlong tunnel. • Since 2009.

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• India is under an obligation to maintain a minimum flow of water in the Kishanganga/Neelum River. • It is thus obvious that India’s stance has been upheld. <Please read the class notes now> .The award • India may accordingly divert water from the Kishanganga/Neelum River for power generation by the KHEP in the manner envisaged. • And the other laws like environmental laws.it is subject to the constraints specified in the Treaty. the court decided that its right to divert the Kishanganga/Neelum is not absolute . however.

• The formal trade is about USD 3 Bn whereas the informal trade is about 10 Bn. • It restricts imports from India by allowing only 137 items through the land route via the Wagah-Attari border.Trade • MFN :abolishing the negative list altogether while maintaining a list of prohibited items that cannot be imported. .

. • The need for stability in South and Central Asia.Russia. • Central Asia-South Asia (CASA-1000) • Russia and Central Asian countries getting an access to the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean through the Gwadar port.Pakistan • Russia’s own restive northern Caucasian territories. • India Russia has time tested relationship.

Remember: We are culturally connected .

Thank you .