# ANSYS WB - Airfoil - Problem Specification - Simulation - Confluence

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ANSYS WB - Airfoil - Problem Specification
Added by Benjamin J Mullen , last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29, 2011 16:17

Labels: None

Author: Benjamin Mullen, Cornell University
Problem Specification
1. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up
2. Geometry
3. Mesh
4. Setup (Physics)
5. Solution
6. Results
7. Verification & Validation
Exercises

Problem Specification
In this tutorial, we will show you how to simulate a NACA 0012 Airfoil at a 6 degree angle of attack placed in a wind tunnel. Using
FLUENT, we will create a simulation of this experiment. Afterwards, we will compare values from the simulation and data collected
from experiment.

Continue to Step 1 - Pre-Analysis & Start-Up
Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules
See and rate the complete Learning Module

This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License

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ANSYS WB - Airfoil - Pre-Analysis & Start-Up - Simulation - Confluence

06-08-2012

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ANSYS WB - Airfoil - Pre-Analysis & Start-Up
Added by Benjamin J Mullen , last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29, 2011 16:17

Labels: None

Author: Benjamin Mullen, Cornell University
Problem Specification
1. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up
2. Geometry
3. Mesh
4. Setup (Physics)
5. Solution
6. Results
7. Verification & Validation
Exercises

Pre-Analysis & Start-Up
Boundary Conditions
One of the simple things we can think about before we set up the simulation is begin planning the boundary conditions of the set up.
One of the popular meshes for simulating a airfoil in a stream is a C-Mesh, and that is what we will be using. At the inlet of the system,
we will define the velocity as entering at a 6 degree angle of attack (as per the problem statement), and at a total magnitude of 1. We
will also define the gauge pressure at the inlet to be 0. As for the outlet, the only thing we can assume is that the gauge pressure is 0.
As for the airfoil itself, we will treat it like a wall. Together, these boundary conditions form the picture below:

Open ANSYS Workbench
Now that we have the pre-calculations, we are ready to do a simulation in ANSYS Workbench! Open ANSYS Workbench by going to
Start > ANSYS > Workbench. This will open the start up screen seen as seen below

https://confluence.cornell.edu/pages/viewpage.action?pageId=144976434

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cornell. Take a look through the different selections. you will see the Toolbox Window. Continue to Step 2 .16.Simulation .Pre-Analysis & Start-Up . Once you have loaded FLUENT into the project schematic.0 United States License Adaptavist Theme Builder (4. We will be using FLUENT to complete the simulation.5. the Enterprise Wiki https://confluence.Geometry Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules See and rate the complete Learning Module This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.4-M1) Powered by Atlassian Confluence 3.Airfoil . we need to tell ANSYS what kind of simulation we are doing. If you look to the left of the start up window.2. Load the F l u i d F l o w ( F box L Uby dragging E N T and ) dropping it into the Project Schematic.Confluence 06-08-2012 To begin.action?pageId=144976434 3 / 26 .edu/pages/viewpage.ANSYS WB . you are ready to create the geometry for the simulation.

Verification & Validation Exercises Geometry Download the Airfoil Coordinates In this step. Cornell University Problem Specification 1.oNow. Mesh 4. select M e t as e the r sunit of measurement. Click to get a better look at the curve.Airfoil . Begin by downloading this file here and saving it somewhere convenient. Solution 6. Once you have selected the desired geometry file. In the D e t a i lwindow. 4 / 26 .ANSYS WB . When prompted.Geometry Login Search ANSYS WB . we will create the geometry of the airfoil.Confluence 06-08-2012 Search Cornell SimCafe Home Brow se/Manage Simulation > … > ANSYS WB . In the menu bar. click https://confluence. Right click and select P r o p e. Browse to and select the geometry file you downloaded earlier.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Geometry to create the curve. Geometry 3.cornell. Results 7.Geometry . Setup (Physics) 5.Simulation . go to Concept > 3D Curve. Tm ydouble e p t er click y> 2 D to launch the Design Modeler. This file contains the points of a NACA 0012 airfoil. Airfoil First. we need to specify the problem as a 2D problem. we will import the coordinates of the airfoil and create the geometry we will use for the simulation. last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29.Geometry Added by Benjamin J Mullen . e m aselect t i Ac n Aa 2l y: s Gi se .Airfoil . Launch Design Modeler Before we launch the design modeler. Inrthet Pi er o s p e r t i e s o f S c hWindow. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up 2. s Vclick i e w C o o r d i n and a t select e s the Fellipsis i l e to browse to a file.Airfoil . 2011 16:17 Labels: None Author: Benjamin Mullen.

u t l select i n ethe new coordinate system you created (defaulted to P l a n). In the D e t a i lwindow. making sure the P symbol is showing https://confluence.Confluence 06-08-2012 Next. and select E d g e s > in theAD pe pt a l yi lWindow. ForC o o r d OWindow. s V Click i e w to create the surface. This will create a sketching plane on the XY plane with the tail of the airfoil as the origin. We want the center of the arc to be at the tail of the airfoil.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Geometry 5 / 26 . Click on the origin of the sketch. Click .Geometry .ANSYS WB .Penter o 1. Click F D 1 1 . s Vselect i e Tw y p e . The first action we will take is create the arc of the C-Mesh domain. Create C-Mesh Domain Now that the airfoil has been generated.Airfoil . Click anywhere on the curve you just created. to create a new coordinate system. The first click selects the center of the arc. In the T r e e > F r o m. i n t X Click to generate the new coordinate system. and the next two clicks determine the end points of the arc.this will help us create the geometry for the C-mesh domain. then e click 4 to create a new sketch. we need to create the meshable surface we will use once we begin to specify boundary conditions. u t l click i n the e Sketching tab to bring up the sketching window.cornell. we need to create a surface from the curve we just generated. Go to Concepts > Surfaces from Edges.Simulation . We will begin by creating a coordinate system at the tail of the airfoil . At the bottom of the T r e e OWindow.

Geometry . Assign the arc https://confluence. Click . The final result should look like this: Now. then anywhere in the right half plane.where the arc meets the positive vertical axis. Now.Simulation . T o then o l b o x e select . first select a point on the vertical axis above the origin (a C symbol will show).cornell. followed by the arc to dimension the arc.ANSYS WB . Click the lines of the rectangle the are collinear with the positive and negative vertical axises. Select M o d ini the f yS k e t c h i n g window. then select a point on the vertical axis below the origin. where the arc meets the negative vertical axis. You should end up with the following: To create the right side of the C-Mesh donain. Click the following points to create the rectangle in this order .edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Geometry 6 / 26 .Confluence 06-08-2012 For the end points of the arc. select the D i m e n toolbox s i o tondimension s the C-Mesh domain.Airfoil . we need to get rid of necessary lines created by the rectangle. click .

and select B a s e O b j e inc the t sD e >t a Ai plWindow.ANSYS WB . Draw a line on the vertical axis that intersects the entire C mesh. go to Create > Boolean. To begin. > select S uT ba t r r g a e c t t B o d i e s > N. go to Concept > Surface From Sketches. we will break up the new surface into 4 quadrants. In the D e t a i lwindow.cornell. Repeat l y the same process to select the airfoil as the T o o l . Also assign the horizontal dimension a value of 12. Trim away the lines that are beyond the C-Mesh. and select . Next. Open the sketching menu. and you should be left with this: https://confluence.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Geometry 7 / 26 F . i e select w O p e r a t i o n .>OnceA d d you have the correct settings. Click the vertical axis and the vertical portion of the rectangle in the right half plane. once you click in the vicinity of the airfoil ANSYS will select the C-Mesh domain but give you the option of selecting multiple layers Select the layer that corresponds to the airfoil and the airfoil will be highlighted.5. The final step of creating the C-Mesh is creating a surface between the boundary and the airfoil.Airfoil . click .5. s Vselect i e O w p e r a t i o n .Geometry . sp l Vy Also. To accomplish this. To do this. select . select o t theslarge e lC-Mesh e c tdomain e d surface. we need to create a surface from this sketch. Click anywehere on the sketch.Simulation . click Selecting the Airfoil Body Because the C-Mesh domain and the airfoil overlap. Create Quadrants In the final step of creating the geometry. u t l and i nclick e . then click A p p.Confluence 06-08-2012 a value of 12. Click here to enlarge the image Next. When B o you d yhave selected the bodies. Next. select P l a nin ethe T 4r e e OWindow. this will be useful for when we want to mesh the geometry.

PSelect r o Ej de gc press et is Ctrl o nand select on the vertical line we drew (you'll have to select both parts of it). When you're finished. l y Once you click . https://confluence.Confluence Next. create a new sketch and repeat the process for a horizontal line that is collinear to horizontal axis and bisects the geometry. Select the line you just drew and click B a s e 06-08-2012 O b j e .ANSYS WB . you'll notice that the geometry is now composed of two surfaces split by the line we selected.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Geometry 8 / 26 . the geometry should be split into 4 parts. then click A p p. Now. Now that you have created a vertical line.Airfoil .cornell. we need to project the lines we just created onto the surface. then press A p p. Repeat this process to create 2 more projections: one projection the line left of the origin onto the left surface.Geometry .Simulation . and one projecting the right line on the right surface. go to Concepts > Lines from Sketchs. l y select T a r and g eselect t the C-Mesh surface. followed c t s by> A p p l y . Go to T o o l s > . Next.

as we are now we are ready to create the mesh for the simulation.16.Airfoil .0 United States License Adaptavist Theme Builder (4.Geometry .5.cornell. Continue to Step 3 .4-M1) Powered by Atlassian Confluence 3.Confluence 06-08-2012 The geometry is finished. Save the project and close the design modeler.ANSYS WB . the Enterprise Wiki https://confluence.2.Simulation .Mesh Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules See and rate the complete Learning Module This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Geometry 9 / 26 .

Solution 6.cornell. click the edge selection filter .edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Mesh 10 / 26 .Airfoil . Geometry 3. Making sure the face selection filter is selected . go to Mesh Control > Sizing. When all of the faces are highlighted green. select all four faces by holding down the right mouse button and dragging the mouse of all of the quadrants of the geometry.Airfoil .> select A p p l y Edge Sizing Next.Airfoil . we will apply a mapped face meshing control to the geometry. last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29. in the D e t a i lWindow s vselect i e G w e o m e t r . In the Meshing Toolbar. Results 7. In the O u t lwindow. Mesh 4. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up 2.yNext. we will apply edge sizing controls to all of the edges of the mesh. Select the following 4 edges buy holding Ctrl and using the left mouse button: Click here to enlarge https://confluence. Cornell University Problem Specification 1. To begin. i n eclick on M e sto bring h up the Meshing Toolbar.ANSYS WB .Mesh Added by Benjamin J Mullen .Simulation . 2011 16:17 Labels: None Author: Benjamin Mullen. select Mesh Control > Mapped Face Meshing. Setup (Physics) 5. Next.Mesh Login Search ANSYS WB . Verification & Validation Exercises Mesh Mapped Face Meshing First.Mesh .Confluence 06-08-2012 Search Cornell SimCafe Home Brow se/Manage Simulation > … > ANSYS WB .

give .> select A Tp yp pl ey > N u m b e r D i v i s. select T y p e > and change N u m b e r o f to 100. If your mesh does not match the pictures in the tutorial. https://confluence.the .yNext.. in the D e t a i lWindow s Vselect i e G w e o m e t r .edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Mesh c e n t e N u m b . a c The t oEdge r sizing should now look like this: Notice that the element sizes get smaller towards the airfoil. This r time.a.ANSYS WB .the . make sure to change the parameters of the mesh to make sure that they do: this might mean choosing different edges for the different biasing types than those outlined in this tutorial.Mesh . create a third edge sizing. D iSelect v i B s ie oh na sv i o . We r also > want H the a rmesh d to have a bias.edge — sizing . Finally. and select the rounded edges as the geometry.B i a s Fof 150. and . but now will be selecting a different biasing type by selecting the second Bias option: B i a> s .Simulation .. D Select i v iBs ei ho an vs i o . The number of divisions will still be 50. This will give us a better resolution around the airfoil where the flow gets more complicated. — set .Airfoil .. Create a new edge sizing with the same parameters. Change i o n the sN u m b e r o f to 50. > we H will a not r dbias the edges. Again.Confluence 06-08-2012 Once the edges are selected.e r 11 / 26 o f .-i a s Fto 150 a c t o r Edge Bias It is important to make sure that the edge divisions to this point are b i a s e d t o w a r d s t:h e otherwise you may run into some problems later. so select the first bias type: B a i s > . Again.cornell. but choose the 4 remaining straight edges (see figure below).B ..

Now we are ready to name the sections. and select C r e a t e N a m e.Simulation . and the airfoil is highlighted white in the middle. Right click. the edges highlighted red are the outlet. In the O u t lwindow. select the two vertical edges on the far right side of the mesh. Again make sure the edge selection tool is selected. Let's recall the boundary conditions we planned in the Pre-Analysis Step: The edges highlighted blue are the inlet.Airfoil . Click here to enlarge Named Selections Now will assign names to some of the edges to make creating boundary conditions for the mesh easier.this will make seeing the edges a little easier.Confluence 06-08-2012 Now. select the two edges making up the airfoil. https://confluence.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Mesh 12 / 26 . Again. right click and select C r e a t e N a m eand d thisStime e name l e cthet selection i o n s inlet. Finally. and name the selection airfoil. Now. select Mesh > Generate to generate the mesh.Mesh .cornell. n select s the edges that correspond to the inlet of the flow as defined by the picture above. Name d the S edges e l e outlet.ANSYS WB . c t i oNext. i n eselect geometry . It should look like this.

Confluence 06-08-2012 Go to Step 4 .edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Mesh 13 / 26 .2.Airfoil .16.5.4-M1) Powered by Atlassian Confluence 3.Simulation .Mesh .0 United States License Adaptavist Theme Builder (4. the Enterprise Wiki https://confluence.Setup (Physics) Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules See and rate the complete Learning Module This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.ANSYS WB .cornell.

Airfoil . Setup (Physics) 5. Solution 6. 2011 16:18 Labels: None Author: Benjamin Mullen. t l click i n e .Simulation . The F l u e n t LWindow a u should n c hopen. If you haven't already. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up 2.rselect v ae l rD e n s i t y. Now.Airfoil . This will load the mesh into FLUENT.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Setup+%28Physics%29 14 / 26 . we will open fluent and define the boundary conditions of the problem.Setup (Physics) . Tor make e c the i ssolver i orun n a little quicker. Select the Solver Click O Kto launch Fluent.cornell. close the meshing window to return to the P r o j e c t window. Results 7.B a s e d https://confluence. Geometry 3. The first thing we will do once Fluent launches is define the solver we are going to use. Select P r o b l e m S e t u p > .Airfoil . under P r o c e s s i nwegwill select O p Pt ia or naand sl change l e l the N u m b e r o f to 2. Cornell University Problem Specification 1. last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29. Verification & Validation Exercises Setup(Physics) Launch the Solver In this step. Mesh 4. e r Check the box marked D o u b l e P. Under G eS n o e l . P This r owillc allow e susers s ewith s a double core processor to utilize both.Setup (Physics) Brow se/Manage Login Search ANSYS WB .Setup (Physics) Added by Benjamin J Mullen .ANSYS WB .Confluence 06-08-2012 Search Cornell SimCafe Home Simulation > … > ANSYS WB . double click Setup. O uNow. .

tNow. Now. ensure r t i that e density s is set to C o n s and t aenter n t1 kg/m^3 as the density. Specify X . C n do inlook t d i under i ot ni os n s Z o n. . . If it is. you may close this window. fSelect o i Tl y p e if> it hasn't W abeen l ldefaulted.V e l aso 0. will . the x velocity will be . To define the density.o n M e t Remember. Airfoil In the B o u n d a r y window. we will define the model we are going to use. We do this by going P r o b l e m S e t u p > M o . Click C h a n g e to / C set rthee a t e density.Setup (Physics) .ANSYS WB . Select V e l o c i t y S p e c i f i c a t i .dThen e l s > press E d i This t . we will specify characteristics of the fluid.open the V i s c o u sMenuMWindow. t y .I n l e We need to specify the magnitude and direction of the velocity. we are only looking for non-dimensionalized values like pressure coefficient. . click E d toi bring t up the V e l o c i Window. click P r o b l e m S e t u p > M a t .edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Setup+%28Physics%29 15 / 26 .Confluence 06-08-2012 Models and Materials Next. o d eSelect l I n v i and s cpress i dOK. First. Bring up the boundary conditions menu by selecting P r o b l e m S e t u p > B . In otheuB no du an rd ya r Cy o window. Select I n ltoeseet the details of the boundary condition.1045 c i t ym/s. we are ready to set the boundary conditions of the simulation.o uselect t l it. so we will define the density of our fluid to be 1 kg/m^3.i select n l eit. C o nlook d under i t i Zo on ns.eThis r will i alaunch l s the>C r( ed ao t ue b/ lE e d i c t M a t e window.cornell.9945 c i t ym/s and Y .V e l aso 0. e s let's set the boundary conditions for the inlet. Reference Values https://confluence.Airfoil . When you have finished specifying the velocity as entering the inlet at 6 degrees (the same thing as having an angle of attack of 6 degrees).Simulation . Boundary Conditions Inlet Now that the fluid has been described. we will only have to define the density of the fluid. press O K Outlet In the B o u n d a r y window. C o nlook d under i t i Zo on nsand e select s a i r . The boundary condition type should have defaulted to v e l o c i : tif itydidn't.e Click t E d. and the y velocity will be . Select e s O u t tol see e tthe details of the boundary condition. Because we specified the fluid as inviscid. r i a l s Under P r o p e. To make matters even simpler. we want the flow to enter the inlet at an angle of 6 degrees since the angle of attack of the airfoil is 6 degrees. and i t ensure that the G a u g e P isr e s s defaulted to 0. The boundary condition type should have defaulted to p r e s s u r: ifeit didn't. thus.

Simulation .Setup (Physics) . Go to P r o b l e m S e t u p V a l .Confluence 06-08-2012 The final thing to do before we move on to solution is to acknowledge the reference values. Go to Step 5 .ANSYS WB .4-M1) Powered by Atlassian Confluence 3.0 United States License Adaptavist Theme Builder (4.uIn the e sR e f e r e n cWindow.2.Airfoil . the Enterprise Wiki https://confluence.Solution Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules See and rate the complete Learning Module This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.16. e V select a l C u eo sm p u t e F .edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Setup+%28Physics%29 16 / 26 > . Check r o mthe reference > I nvalues l e that t appear to make sure they are as we have already set them.cornell.5.

go to S o l u t i o n > S o. Go to S o l u t i o n > S o l .cornell.ANSYS WB .edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Solution 17 / 26 . Geometry 3.i a l i z e https://confluence. Solution 6. initialize the solution by clicking I n i t . last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29.Solution . l ni iz taselect i t a i l oi nz a C o m p u t e F . Results 7. Let's begin by going to S o l u t i o n . Select R e s i d u a l s and . If the are.uIn the t i So on l uI t ni io t ni a IWindow. t o rr look ss under Residuals. Ensure r o mthe values > Ithat n appear l e t are the same values we inputted in Step 5. Everything l u t i ino this n section M eshould t h have o ddefaulted s to what we want. Mesh 4. Initial Guess Now. but let's make sure that under F l othewselection is S e c o n d O r . we need to set up some parameters for how Fluent will solve the simulation.press P rE i dn. Statistic.Simulation .Airfoil . dIf this e is r theUselection. Verification & Validation Exercises Solution Methods First. In > the M M oo n i Window. 2011 16:18 Labels: None Author: Benjamin Mullen. M o we n want i t to o change r s all of the A b s o l u t e C r i t toe1e-6. r i aThis will give us some further trust in our solution. Setup (Physics) 5. RP el so it d u a l Window. p w i we n may d move on. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up 2.Airfoil . Cornell University Problem Specification 1. Monitors Now we are ready to begin solving the simulation. Before we hit solve though.Confluence 06-08-2012 Search Cornell SimCafe Home Simulation > … > ANSYS WB .Solution Brow se/Manage Login Search ANSYS WB .Solution Added by Benjamin J Mullen . we need to initialize the solution.Airfoil . and Force Monitors. Ini tthe t .

Results Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules See and rate the complete Learning Module This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License Adaptavist Theme Builder (4.Solution .16.2.uSitl back a t and e twiddle your thumbs until Fluent spits out a converged solution.5.cornell.Airfoil . Go to S o l u t i o n > R .4-M1) Powered by Atlassian Confluence 3.Confluence 06-08-2012 Solve Once the solution has been initialized. we are ready to solve the simulation. I t ethen r double a t i click o nC s a l c .Simulation . Change u n C a l c u l N u m b e r o f to 3000.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Solution 18 / 26 .ANSYS WB . Continue to Step 6 . the Enterprise Wiki https://confluence.

Verification & Validation Exercises Results Velocity First. fC o> l oV r e l b o y c.Results Added by Benjamin J Mullen . up the V e c tMenu. Setup (Physics) 5.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Results 19 / 26 . To M see a gthenvelocity i t uvectors. l a y https://confluence.Results .cornell. Geometry 3.Simulation . last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up 2.ANSYS WB .Airfoil . U Thispwill . . Solution 6. In d the AG nr ai m p ha it ci os n as nWindow. To plot the velocity vectors. bring . we will look at the velocity vectors of the solution to see if the make intuitive sense. Results 7. d e press D i s p. o r s Make sure the settings of the menu match the figure above: namely V e c t o r s o .Confluence 06-08-2012 Search Cornell SimCafe Home Simulation > … > ANSYS WB . go to R e s u l t s G r a p h i c s a n .Airfoil . and i > t set y Vthee l o c i second box as V e l o c i t y . Mesh 4. 2011 16:19 Labels: None Author: Benjamin Mullen. Cornell University Problem Specification 1.Results Brow se/Manage Login Search ANSYS WB .Airfoil . d A select n i m V ea ct itand oo click nr s S e t .

uensure r s thatOthef two boxes that are selected are P r e s s and u rS et . press D i s pto lsee a the y pressure contours. i c . go to R e s u l t s > G r a p h again. m a t select i o nC so n t . i c sand ain the n d G r Aa np ih mi ca st a n d A n i Window. s and change the C o n t o uboxr tosV eO l fo.cornell.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Results 20 / 26 .ANSYS WB . press D i s p l a y https://confluence. Under C o n t o . t . o u Check r s the box next to Filled. uncheck the box marked A u t o .P r e s s u r e Once these parameters are set.Randa set n Mg ie n ( kto 13.11. keep the C o n t window o u r open.Simulation . up.16 g / s ) To view the streamlines.FChange u n Lc te i v otoe n100.Airfoil .Confluence 06-08-2012 Pressure Contours To view the pressure contours over the entire mesh.Results .o u r s Click S e t to U bring p . Streamlines To view the streamlines. g / s and ) M a x ( kto 14. the . l s Also. and c ithet box y below to S t r e a m . C o n t Menu.a .

Confluence 06-08-2012 Pressure Coefficient Next. In the F o r c e R e p owindow r t schange the D i r e c t i osuch n thatVX e .Change . select a i r .Verification and Validation Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules See and rate the complete Learning Module https://confluence.cornell. bring . You'll t o notice F ithat l the e P l button o t has been replaced by a button marked W r i .U In the p window . To save the data to a text file. sandu change r e the second box to P r e s s u r e . To print the lift coefficient.ANSYS WB . . which is at an angle) will be displayed. that pops up. Click on R e s u l t s to open > up P the l P o tl o sWindow. .txt Coefficients of Lift and Drag To find the Coefficients of Lift and Drag. r t s select F o r and c e click s S e t . and l click o t S e t . n t R window e p change o r t the s D i r e c t i osuch n thatVX e -c> t o r Go to Step 7 . select X Y P. press P l to o plot t the data to the command window. C Ensure o eX f .U Thispwill . we will plot the pressure coefficient along the surface of the airfoil.t click e . click R e s u l t s to > bring R upe the p Ro er tp soWindow.> 9 9 .A x i s F u n c t i o n P r e s . the file type to A l l F andi save l e the s file name as Pressure_Coefficient. in the F o r c e . up the F o r c e R menu e p o r t s We need to set the parameters so drag across the airfoil (keep in mind. Again.c> 9t o9 and r4 5Y . r t s In the R e p oWindow.it. .edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Results 21 / 26 . . fSee o the i l figure below for help. 1 0 and 4 5Y . check the box next to W r i t e .Airfoil . When all the settings are correct.f Ai cx ii es n Ft u n c t i o n . Click 4 5 P r itonprint t the drag coefficient to the command window. change the settings Y . Under > D i r e c Surfaces. t s Under Plots. 4 5 press P r i.Simulation .> 1 0 .Results .

5.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Results 22 / 26 .16.Airfoil .Results .4-M1) Powered by Atlassian Confluence 3.Confluence 06-08-2012 This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.cornell.2.Simulation . the Enterprise Wiki https://confluence.0 United States License Adaptavist Theme Builder (4.ANSYS WB .

Simulation . and solve the simulation using the same solver and boundary conditions (you'll have to input them again). Verification & Validation Exercises Verification and Validation Verification One of the ways we can verify our data is by refining the mesh. and increase the N u m b e r o f for D i v i s E d g e and S i Ez di gn eg S toi 100. z i Click n g M 2e sin the h O u t lwindow.Verification & Validation Added by Benjamin J Mullen .ANSYS WB . Open up the mesh.Verification & Validation . https://confluence. i l sexpand s t a t i. Setup (Physics) 5. but this time change the number of iterations to 5000. calculate the force coefficients and graph the pressure coefficient. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up 2. Mesh 4. last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29. Solution 6.cornell. 2011 16:19 Labels: None Author: Benjamin Mullen.Airfoil . Cornell University Problem Specification 1. Then e t click in the project schematic. Open up the solver. Again.Verification & Validation Brow se/Manage Login Search ANSYS WB . i n eand in the D e t awindow. s t i c s The number of elements should now be 40000. Click here to enlarge Exit out of the mesher.Airfoil .Confluence 06-08-2012 Search Cornell SimCafe Home Simulation > … > ANSYS WB . right click S e t and u p select R e s.action?pageId=144976461 23 / 26 . Geometry 3. Results 7.Airfoil .edu/pages/viewpage. First.

0122 0.ANSYS WB . Go to Exercises Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules See and rate the complete Learning Module This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.4-M1) Powered by Atlassian Confluence 3.edu/pages/viewpage.action?pageId=144976461 24 / 26 .Simulation .6670 0. There are inaccuracies from factors like our assumption that the flow was inviscid. Unrefined Mesh Refined Mesh Experimental Data Lift Coeffient 0. The data is from Gregory & O'Reilly. the CFD matches the data fairly well.Verification & Validation .6315 0.Confluence 06-08-2012 Validation To validate our data.16.0090 Below is a graph displaying the comparing Coefficient of Pressure along the airfoil for the experimental data and the CFD simulation.0 United States License Adaptavist Theme Builder (4. Click here to see an enlarged image As we can see from the table and the graph. the Enterprise Wiki https://confluence. NASA R&M 3726. but we still managed to extract some meaningful information from the simulation.cornell. Jan 1970.Airfoil .0063 0.5. we will take a compare the data from actual experiment.2.6630 Drag Coefficient 0.

Compare these with experimental or expected values (present this comparison as a table). Setup (Physics) 5. Incompressible. This flow can reasonably be modeled as incompressible and inviscid. The Reynolds number based on the chord is Rec = 2. Solution 6. and the experimental values for 10 degree angle of attack are: Cl = 1. last edited by Benjamin J Mullen on Apr 29. 2011 16:20 Labels: None Author: Benjamin Mullen. inviscid model for this ﬂow should yield lift coefficient values that match well with experiment but will yield a drag coefficient that is always zero. indicate also the corresponding boundary type that you need to select in FLUENT. Plot the pressure coefficient obtained from FLUENT on the same plot as data obtained from experiment The experimental data is from Gregory & O’Reilly.Simulation . Cd = 0.Exercises Added by Benjamin J Mullen . Conclusions https://confluence. domain and boundary conditions (u = 0 at a certain boundary etc. Cd = 0.2219. Verification & Validation Exercises Exercises Consider the low-speed airflow over the NACA 0012 airfoil at low angles of attack. Cornell University Problem Specification 1.88 × 10^6.0069. Geometry 3. 2. Pre-Analysis & Start-Up 2. Lift and Drag Coefficient Obtain the lift and drag coefficients from the FLUENT results on the two meshes.0138. 4. Jan 1970 and is provided here Follow the aeronautical convention of flipping the vertical axis so that negative Cp values are above and positive Cp values are below.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Exercises 25 / 26 .Exercises Brow se/Manage Login Search ANSYS WB . For each of the boundary conditions.cornell.Airfoil . Coefficient of Pressure Run a simulation for the NACA 0012 airfoil at angles of attack at 0 degrees and 10 degrees for two cases: a mesh with 15000 elements and a mesh with 40000 elements. NASA R&M 3726. Inviscid Model Explain why the incompressible. ’reverse’). Results 7.Airfoil . Mesh 4.Airfoil . The experimental values for 0 degree angle of attack are: Cl = 0. Boundary Value Problem What is the boundary value problem (BVP) you need to solve to obtain the velocity and pressure distributions for this ﬂow at an angle of attack of 10 degrees? Indicate governing equations.ANSYS WB . 3.025.Exercises . This can be done in MATLAB using set(gca.).Confluence 06-08-2012 Search Cornell SimCafe Home Simulation > … > ANSYS WB . 1. ’YDir’.

2.edu/display/SIMULATION/ANSYS+WB+-+Airfoil+-+Exercises 26 / 26 .4-M1) Powered by Atlassian Confluence 3. Also. the Enterprise Wiki https://confluence.comment on the effect of mesh refinement.ANSYS WB .5.Exercises .16.Simulation . How does the pressure distribution over the airfoil change on increasing the angle of attack? Go to all FLUENT Learning Modules See and rate the complete Learning Module This work is licensed under a C reative C ommons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License Adaptavist Theme Builder (4.cornell.Airfoil .Confluence 06-08-2012 Comment on the comparison with experiment for the two angles of attack.