THE HINDU 8TH AUG IMPORTANT ARTICLES

Many have faith in unelected bodies, but India values dissent

A substantial number of Indians support undemocratic modes of rule, yet identify themselves
as democrats, new numbers from a global survey show. The report, “Democracy in India: A
Citizens’ Perspective”, is part of a global survey on attitudes to democracy conducted in India
by Lokniti at the Delhi-based Centre for the Study of Developing Societies in 2013, covering
over 6,000 respondents in 22 States.

The sample was selected to be representative of gender, caste, religion and class.

The proportion of Indians who prefer democracy is significantly lower than in Bangladesh or
Sri Lanka, but higher than in Pakistan. Support for authoritarianism was higher among
richer, better educated people and those with a high media exposure.

Nearly 40 per cent of all people approved of the statement that India should get rid of
Parliament and elections and have a strong leader decide things, while 35 per cent disagreed
(the rest had no response). However more people disagreed with the Army taking over to
govern the country (46 per cent) than agreed (30 per cent).

(Can be used in Example for GS Paper 1- Society; Paper 2- Governance)

Razing row over Osmania hospital

 The sanctuary will be the State’s second marine sanctuary after the one at Malvan.From where they come. The 1. What are heritage structures and whether Centre or State govern them to protect) Tripura passes resolution against death penalty  The Tripura Assembly has passed a resolution requesting the Centre to amend Section 302 of the IPC to abolish capital punishment.690-hectare bird haven — 896 hectares of mangrove forests and 794 hectares of a waterbody — is on the western bank of the creek. places they visit) The widening vortex of global finance (Editorial) The meaning of cheaper oil . Maharashtra Revenue and Forest Department notified the northern part of the creek as a wildlife sanctuary under Section 18 of the Wildlife (Protection Act).(Read about River Musi. the Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary. is on its periphery.  (Read What is Creek. whose Tributary it is. 1972. Flamingos. Reserve forests and their percentage in the recent Forest report wit other types too. moved a motion in the Assembly on its opening day on Friday against the death penalty and replaced it with life sentence unto death. which are already notified as reserve forests. Malvan famous for. Wildlife Sanctuary. which came into being on Friday. leaving a small resident population. Tamarind tree and its uses. Eco-Sensitive zones. after which most of them migrate to Bhuj in Gujarat for breeding. Category list from IUCN Red Book. WPA 1972. Its eco-sensitive zone will be the adjoining mangrove areas on either side of the creek.  (Read Capital Punishment and its related cases held) Mumbai gets a flamingo sanctuary  Sanjay Gandhi National Park is right in the heart of the city. season. National Park. Marine Sanctuary.  They stay here till May.

Falling oil prices. Saudi Arabia is moving strongly to increase refinery capacity. And several international events are likely to further boost supply to levels far exceeding demand. which have greatly moderated their consumption since the economic crisis. . terror financing networks. cons) Questions that will not die (Perspective) Deep divisions over NSA talks  The Union government has made it clear it plans to go ahead with talks between Indian and Pakistani National Security Advisers despite the terror attacks in Gurdaspur and Udhampur. beset by poor growth and low inflation as they currently are.  The nuclear deal between Iran and the West has further depressed prices owing to the expectation that sanctions on Iran would soon be lifted. cross-border infiltration. so cheaper oil benefits it directly by easing the current account deficit while simultaneously lowering the government’s petroleum subsidy burden. compounding the current glut. thus. have hit the Russian economy hard. the increased supply has been met by recessionary or slow-growth conditions in most industrialised countries. harbouring of fugitives like underworld don Dawood Ibrahim. The evidence include those on the banned organisations Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM). The country imports about 75 per cent of its oil needs.  (Can be used for example for Cheap Oil price effect) Give debate a chance (Read basic about GST and its pros.  India is preparing to hand over “forensic and electronic evidence” of Pakistan’s support to terrorists operating against India. On the flip side. European economies are likely to welcome falling oil prices.  India is one of those countries that stand to benefit significantly from falling prices. and a parallel contraction in demand in the major consuming nations. which will further add to global supplies.  The shale revolution in the United States has drastically increased the supply of oil. and the latest Pakistani snub on the Commonwealth Parliamentary Union. pumping of fake Indian currency into India. and the 26/11 trial. The ongoing fall in prices stems largely from simple demand-supply mechanics. has 70 per cent of its export income coming from oil and gas. for example.  On the demand side. A further increase in supply. allowing it to again supply oil to the world.  Russia. are likely to keep prices low.

the militant captured in Udhampur. The dossiers will now include testimonies of Mohammad Naved. issue of Katchatheevu island) India decides to boycott CPU meet  New Delhi has decided to boycott the 61st conference of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Union (CPU) to be held in Islamabad unless Pakistan extends an invitation to the Speaker of the Jammu and Kashmir Assembly. along with details of terror financing. Persons of Indian Origin and Overseas Citizen of India should be eventually allowed to help them authenticate their identity digitally.PIO and recently changes made with an amendment for PIO n OCI) . Aadhaar enrolment for NRIs. See the geographical features of the areas with mountain ranges. including GPS data. to deploy the Central Industrial Security Force to guard the Mullaperiyar Dam in Kerala. interlink the peninsular rivers. saying only “front-channel. passes. Siachen and Sir Creek would all be discussed on the back-channel.  (Read about NRI. not back-channel talks”. Mullaperiyar issues with PM  In the memorandum submitted to the Prime Minister. Leads from the Gurdaspur attack. among other things. 1951 and resolution 122 (1957) of January 4. PIOs and OICs  The government has decided that Aadhaar enrolment of Non-Resident Indians.  (Read Inter-Water Disputes.. weapons and clothes of the dead militants.OCI. she called upon the Centre to form the Cauvery Management Board and the Cauvery Water Regulation Committee for the implementation of the Final Order of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal. or through appointed interlocutors. and retrieve the Katchatheevu island from Sri Lanka and restore traditional fishing rights of Tamil Nadu fishermen.  (Read about Issues of India-Pak.  Issues of Kashmir. Pakistan has also said the invitation to J&K would contradict the fundamentals of Pakistan’s foreign policy.  India’s decision stems from Islamabad’s refusal to invite the J&K Speaker on the grounds that it is in violation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1991(1951) of March 30. 1957. or the CPU changes the venue of the meeting. Mullaperiyar location n river associated with. Indian government sources have denied that too. About CPU) Jayalalithaa raises Cauvery. will be handed over. river etc.

 Handlooms constituted 15 per cent of the total cloth consumption in the country.. China. UGC Rules 2015. 1956 — have been warned that they could face a 25 per cent cut in grant-in-aid if they failed to upload the necessary information required by AISHE in time. including the U. branding and e-commerce to launch the rich. Modi said he had asked people to use at least one khadi garment to help artisans during his ‘Mann ki baat’ programme last October and the sale of khadi products had since then gone up by 60 per cent compared to the same period last year. Morocco. Iran. Algeria and the UAE  (Read about Cyber Terrorism. Brazil.GS Paper 2) Home Ministry seeks Naga deal details from interlocutor . Saudi Arabia.Weave new designs: Modi  Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed on new designs. Europe.GS Paper 3) Varsities face grant cut if they fail to provide information on faculty  Universities — the Central. India follows global trends in taking on cyber attacks  The number of cyber attacks in the country stood at nearly 50. Turkey. colourful heritage on a global scale. Bangladesh. CERT-In. the Internet Protocol (IP) addresses of the computers from where the attacks originated belong to the countries. with most of these attacks on computer networks of Indian organisations originating from countries such as the U..S. Pakistan. the State and deemed-to-be under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act.  Inaugurating the 1st National Handloom Day in Chennai. China and Bangladesh.S. Mr. Pakistan.  (Read about UGC and its role.  According to the logs as analysed and made available to CERT-In. “If you raise this to 20 per cent.000 during the first five months of 2015. it will be a huge boost to the sector as the turnover will increase by 33 per cent  Launched the India Handloom Mark to win the trust and confidence of customers and presented Sant Kabir awards and National awards for weavers for the past three years.  The UGC (Furnishing of Information by Universities) Rules 2015 — to give the commission more teeth in dealing with non-compliance.

2006. Arunachal Pradesh and West Bengal.  Many village boundaries overlap with the areas of the listed blocks. The chapter. which call for approvals from grama sabhas under the Forests Rights Act. but all the three States — Assam. FCA 1980) Barelwi madrassas to have chapter on anti-terrorism  The Barelwi sect among Muslims has decided to include a chapter against terrorism in all madrassas functioning under its fold across the country. will be included in Fazil course which is equivalent to graduation degree in Islamic studies.  (Read Protected areas.  It was important because there is a perceived danger about terror groups like the IS recruiting youths by manipulating Islamic texts like Quran [God’s words] and Hadis [words of Prophet Mohammad]. Orissa. The blocks are spread across eight States . has millions of followers across the country and the world over. and prior to forest diversion under the Forest Conservation Act 1980. FRA 2006. have opposed it.Madhya Pradesh. . 35 are in the habitats of tigers. titled “Terrorism and Islam”. The group has been assured of “autonomous councils” as per the agreement signed in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.  It has reiterated the need to go for a transparent and consultative process to define areas that will be inviolate or “no go” for mining. leopards or elephants. not only in the interests of the environment. a prominent religious school of thought among Muslims in the Indian subcontinent. One-third of coal blocks up for auction in wildlife habitats  The latest survey conducted using Global Information System (GIS) by Greenpeace India shows that of the 101 coal blocks that are up for auction this year. forest communities and wildlife. Chhattisgarh.”  Barelwi sect. The leadership of the sect had recently issued a fatwa asking Muslims not to attend the funeral prayers of convicted “terrorists. but also in the interests of investors.  Twenty of these blocks are within 10 km of a protected forest area or within 15 km of an identified wildlife corridor. Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur — which have a sizeable Naga population. Andhra Pradesh. Maharashtra. Jharkhand.

GS Paper 1. Society too. a language which most of the people don’t know how to read and understand. would come into effect from August 15. Terror groups like the IS and Taliban manipulate the verses and present wrong translation of these texts.  (Read World History between NK and Japan) . Most of the scriptures are in Arabic. which this year marks the 70th anniversary of the Korean peninsula's liberation from Japan's 1910-45 colonial rule.  North Korea said the time change.  (Can be used as Example for Counter-Terrorism.3) N. Korea turns its clocks back to ‘Pyongyang Time’  North Korea announced on Friday it was moving its clocks back 30 minutes to create a new “Pyongyang Time” — breaking from a standard imposed by “wicked” Japanese imperialists more than a century ago. approved on Wednesday by its rubber-stamp Parliament.