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SEMINAR
FIZIK SPM
2012
PENCERAMAH THONG KUM SOON

SMK SG LONG, CHERAS

SEK MEN TEKNIK
SEPANG
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Tips for Paper 3 No 1 and No 2

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1. Identity the variable from the text and diagram.
(a) Manipulated variable
(b) Responding variable
(c) Fixed variable (can be measured)
---NOT TYPE OF SUBSTANCE
(d) Observe the diagram measurement
(e) Identity the value in table
(f) Tabulate data with symbol and unit
(g) Plan your graph (unit and symbol)
(h) Determine the relationship from the graph
2. Read the question CAREFULLY
(a) Extrapolate the graph and write the value next to it
(b) Plot biggest triangle and get closest value with unit
(c) Substitute the value correctly with 2 decimal places
(d) Place precaution
Observe the reading perpendicular to the eyes to prevent para
llax
errors
Of the circuit when measurement is not taken to prevent heating
of
wires and cause systematic errors
Repeat the experiment for 3 times and determine the averag
e to
prevent systematic error
3. Tips Paper 3 no 3 and 4.
(a) Planning experiment is the BEST to do and EASY to score but it is als
o easy
to difer from the main point.
(b) Identify variables from the questions from the statement, CIRCLE U
P the
variables involve and APPARATUS GIVEN in statement.
(c) Think what ???? experiment is using given apparatus as a HINTS. Pla
n and
sketch the diagram of experiment step up.
(d) Write inference, hypothesis and aim FOLLOW FORMAT given.
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Underline the variables of MV and RV from the diagram. Use the variables to subst
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itute the
format of Planning Experiment.
Procedure
1. State the initial measurement of MV.
2. State the ways of measurement of RV with apparatus and follow with formula (if
necessary)
3. Repeat the experiment with 4 diferent MV values. a1,a2,a3 and a4.

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Sample Paper 3
Questions no 1
a.
b.
c.

Manometer measurement (pressure and height) (MRSM 2008)
Protractor (Refraction)
Interferens (measure distance of separation)(DIAGNOSTIK KL 2010)

Questions 2 (Graph)
a.

Light of lenses

1 1
= + 1 )
f v
u

(
b. Internal resistance ( negative graph)
c. Refractive index (sin i vs sin r)
d.
Questions 3 and 4 (Planning Experiment)
1.
2.
3.

MRSM ---R and length, R and area (thickness of wires , S.W.G.)
Gas law Charles and Boyle’s Law
Pressure and height ( density)
4. Archimedes (Buoyance force)
Questions 3 (Form 4)
a. Pressure with height (measurement with manometer – u Tube, thristle funnel)
b. To investigate the relationship between the pressure and the temperature ( Pressure law’s- Bo
urdon
gauge and thermometer)
c. To investigate the relationship between the sine of incident angle ,i and the sine of refracted an
gle, r
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Questions 4 (form 5)
a.

To investigate the relationship between the distance between two sources and distance
between two separation,
a

1
x

b.
To investigate the relationship between the area cross sectional of the wire, A , (length )
and the
resistance, R of the wire

Paper 2 Part B
1.

Definition – don’t state the formula of the define word
- Write the definition in statement from the formula
Comparison questions – must use back the same diagram to compare in physics te

2.
rm

comparison. Quote back the Diagram number, and compare with statement accordi
ng
to the marks provision.
3. Explanation on aspects given.
Must quote back the aspect given, don’t divert the statement by explaning other
statement of your ways.
Explain the characteristics of the statement given follow ( 1 marks) with explanation
of
the benefit and advantages of the characteristics stated. (1 marks)
More explanation are better, usually TWO are more than enough.
Part C
1.

2.

Usually calculation, and definition.
Please state formula, working and final results with minimum 2 decimal places and
correct units.
Explanation of physics concepts, usually test your understanding of physics formul

a
relationships.
3. Study specification on the aspects given and evaluate the pictures given to extract
the
answer from the information given. Quote the information of point of answer and
elaborate the statement of characterics with physics concept explanation.
4. Try to give TWO explanation of each characterics in a statement. (4 points with 4
explanation) – 8 marks
5. Final 2 marks is the explanation of the BEST suitability and CHOOSE the BEST of th
e 4 or
5 given examples.
6. This characteristics and explanation can states in a table form. (THE BEST EVER ES
SAY
for 10 marks)
7. Choose the best essay than you can get the MOST marks.
8. Essay in Part B and Part C is usually ONE form 4 and ONE form 5. So DON’T SPOT
QUESTION. Study all the physics concept.
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Part A

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com/ F.1 http://exammy.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi .joshuatly.XC hang e w F.com/ http://edu.

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com/ F.c w .do cu-track For Examiner’s Rajah 3.70 Hydrometer Hidrometer 0. http://edu.joshuatly.00 1.80 0.c . -3-3 ggcm 0.XC hang e w F.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi CONFIDENTIAL 3 8 .10 Water Air W FB Diagram 3.3 use Diagram 3.1 3(a)(ii) 1 3(a)(i) 1 4531/2 w .do cu-track .1 Rajah 3.1 shows a freely floating hydrometer in water.1 menunjukkan hidrometer yang terapung pegun di dalam air.90 1.

............... [1mark] / [1 markah] (c) Diagram 3.......... (a) (i) Name the principle above.. Namakan prinsip di atas...... berbanding panjang di dalam air..2 shows an object which has a weight of 0.Berat ketara bahan itu ialah 0................ Nyatakan satu alasan untuk jawapan anda dalam 3(b)(i).... Bila suatu objek yang direndamkan sepenuh atau sebahagiannya di dalam bendalir......XC hang e w F..2 Diagram 3..25 N fully immersed in water...................... dried and then placed in oil.....c 4531/2 w .. (i) Predict the length of the hydrometer that is submerged in oil. ……………………………......22 N....do cu-track (b) The hydrometer is removed from water..do cu-track .. Its apparent weight is 0.......A pri nciple states that..1.... the buoy ant force act ing on the b ody is equal to the weigh t of the fluid 4531/2 it displaces..... Satu p rinsip menyata kan bahawa..... When a body is i mmersed wh olly or parti ally in a flu id.25 N terendam sepenuhnya di dalam air.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi CONFIDENTIAL 4 9 .. dikeringkan dan dimasukkan ke dalam minyak.. …………………………………………………………………………… [1mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Give a reason for your answer in 3(b)(i)........ 1 3(b)(ii) 1 .. ......2 Rajah 3.............. For Examiner’s use 3(b)(i) Ramalkan panjang hidrometer yang tenggelam di dalam minyak.2 menunjukkan satu objek yang mempunyai berat 0.. Tandakan dengan anak panah arah daya-daya yang bertindak ke atas hidrometer pada Rajah 3..............1 the direction of the two forces acting on the hydrometer. compared to the length in water.. Hidrometer itu dikeluarkan dari air..........c w .. daya tujah yang bertindak ke atas objek itu adalah sama dengan berat bendalir yang tersesar...22 N........... [1mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Mark on Diagram 3..... [1mark] / [1 markah ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL F.. -3 (Density of water = 1000 kg m ) Rajah 3..

c w .1 menunjukkan sinar cahaya merambat memasuki bongkah kaca.XC hang e w F.-3 (Ketumpatan air = 1000 kg m ) (i) What is the buoyant force on the object? Berapakah daya apungan yang bertindak ke atas objek? 3(c)(i) 1 [1mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Determine the volume of the object.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi CONFIDENTIAL 10 . 3(c)(ii) Tentukan isipadu objek itu.c . 2 Total A3 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA 7 [2marks] / [2 markah] [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL F. Rajah 4.do cu-track For Examiner’s use 4 Diagram 4.do cu-track . 4(a)(ii) 4(a)(i) 1 2 5 4531/2 w .1 shows a light ray incident into a glass block.

.....……………………………………………………………………………………………………….c w .......... seperti ditunjukkan pada Rajah 4........2.2 Rajah 4.. complete the pathway for the light ray..do cu-track (i) On Diagram 4..3 menunjukkan sinar cahaya merambat ke dalam sebuah bongkah kaca.1 (ii) Calculate the refractive index for the glass block.2..... Pada Rajah 4... as shown in Diagram 4.... sudut o 42 dikenali sebagai: [2 marks]/ [2 markah] (b) o The light ray is adjusted so that the angle at M is now 48 .. lengkapkan laluan sinar cahaya....1.......2..1 ajah 4...... [1 mark]/ [1 markah] iagram 4..c 4531/2 w .XC hang e w e Vi e Vi CONFIDENTIAL 6 11 ... Rajah 4..... [1 mark] / [1 markah] (c) Diagram 4.XC hang e w F....... o Sinar cahaya dilaraskan supaya sudut di M ialah 48 ...... Terangkan jawapan anda dalam 4(b)(i).......2 ... ....do cu-track ...... (a) (i) Based on Diagram 4..3 shows a light ray propagating into a glass block..2 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL F..... the o angle of 42 is kno wn as: Berdasar kan Rajah 4...... 4(b)(ii) 1 ...1 ....... [1 mark] / [1 markah] For Examiner’s use 4(b)(i) 1 (ii) Explain your answer in 4(b) (i). Hitungkan indeks biasan bagi bongkah kaca itu... 48 Diagram 4...............

.............. complete the propagation of the light ray.....3............................ [1 mark] / [1 markah] 4(c)(i) 1 What happens to the angle of refraction if a denser glass block is used? Apakah yang berlaku kepada sudut biasan jika bongkah kaca berketumpatan lebih tinggi digunakan? 4(c)(ii) 1 .XC hang e w e Vi w ..c ....c ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL 7 F..........do cu-track ..........Diagram 4..........3 Rajah 4.3 (i) (ii) On Diagram 4...3................XC hang e w e Vi w ...........do cu-track .... [1 mark] / [1 markah] Total A4 7 4531/2 F.......... Pada Rajah 4. lengkapkan perambatan sinar cahaya....

XC hang e w e Vi w .com/ F.c .do cu-track .do cu-track .joshuatly.http://exammy.XC hang e w e Vi w .c 8 F.com/ http://edu.

1 menunjukkan sebuah motor elektrik ringkas.1 shows a simple electric motor. Rajah 7.XC hang e w F.com/ F.c For Examiner’s use CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 16 w . N X S Permanent magnet Magnet kekal Armature armatur Carbon brush .http://exammy.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi w .c .do cu-track 7 Diagram 7.com/ http://edu.do cu-track .joshuatly.

..........................1..... draw the related catapult field in the For diagram below. …………………………….. [1mark] / [1 markah] 1 12 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL F..............1....... lukiskan medan lastik pada rajah di bawah.........1 (a) (i) 7(a)(i) Name the type of motor shown in the diagram above.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi w ...........1 Rajah 7.do cu-track ........Berus karbon Diagram 7............... [1mark] / [1 markah] 1 (ii) What is the function of the part labeled X? Apakah fungsi bahagian yang berlabel X? 7(a)(ii) …………………………….......... Namakan jenis motor yang ditunjukkan pada rajah di atas...... Examiner’s Dengan merujuk Rajah 7...do cu-track (b) (i) ......c By refering to Diagram 7........c CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 17 w ................ use N S 2 [ .......XC hang e w F...

....XC hang e w e Vi e Vi w ... draw and label the direction of forces produced..... [1mark] / [1 markah] 2 7(b)(ii) 1 7(b)(iii) 1 13 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL F. Pada rajah anda.. Rajah 7.....2 shows satu faktor the same yang mempengaruhi type of electric kelajuan motor putaran usedgegelung in a blender wayar to grind ……………………………..... Diagram Nyatakan 7.......do cu-track ...c CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 18 w .......c . [1mark] / [1 markah] (c) use 7(b)(i) (iii) State one factor that affects the speed of rotation of the armature.........2 menunjukkan motor elektrik yang sama jenis di dalam sebuah mesin pengisar yang digunakan untuk mengisar makanan di mana satu mata pisau disambungkan kepada motor elektrik To power supply ...XC hang e w F...(ii) In your diagram............do cu-track For Examiner’s food where a blade is attached to the electric motor........ lukis dan labelkan arah daya-daya yang dihasilkan........

Membolehkan motor digunakan dengan bekalan arus ulang alik.................................. Menambahkan kekuatan medan magnet............................2 Rajah 7.do cu-track .................do cu-track .c ........................ 2 …………………………….... [2 marks] / [2 markah] 2 (ii) 7(c)(ii) To increase the strength of the magnetic field ..............XC hang e w F....................... …………………………….......................c w ..........XC hang e w e Vi e Vi w ......................... [2 marks] / [2 markah] Total A7 10 14 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL F............ ……………………………............................ 7(c)(i) …………………………….................2 Suggest and explain the modifications which need to be done for each of the following: Cadang dan terangkan pengubahsuaian yang perlu dilakukan untuk setiap yang berikut: (i) To enable the motor to be used with alternating current.............................Ke bekalan kuasa Attached to blade of blender Disambung kepada pisau pengisar Armature Armatur Permanent magnet Magnet kekal Diagram 7...........

do cu-track .……………………………….. [1 mark] w ..XC hange e w Vi Vi w .. Tuliskan satu persamaan untuk menunjukkan hubungan antara IB.... IC and IE..c . IC dan IE.do cu-track ..c (b) The transistor is switched on when the base voltage V2 ≥ 2 V.R2/R1+R2= V2 / Total pd R2 / R1 + R2 = 2 / 6 750 ohm 20 F. ……………………………………………... Transistor itu dihidupkan apabila voltan tapak V2 ≥ 2 V (i) Write an equation to show the relationship between IB. ..XC hange e w F.

. Perintang R2 kemudian digantikan dengan perintang peka cahaya. ………………………………………………………………………… . state other use of a transistor...XC hang e w F...c . [1 mark] [1 markah] 23 http://chngtuition..LDR.do cu-track ... which has high resistance when it is dark....[1 markah] (ii) Calculate the minimum value of R2 when the transistor is switched on... .XC hang e w e Vi e Vi cu-tr ack . Jelaskan jawapan anda....3 show the transistor circuit with diferent microammeter reading and milliammeter reading....... ………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) Besides being used as a switch..yang mempunyai rintangan tinggi apabila gelap..do 10 Diagram 10....1 shows a transistor circuit.. Selain daripada digunakan sebagai satu suis.. 14 c w ........ Diagram 10. Nyatakan sama ada mentol itu akan menyala pada waktu siang...2 and Diagram 10.. PPC . ……………………………………………………………………….. w ... Hitungkan nilai minimum R2 apabila transistor itu dihidupkan. [2 marks] [2 markah] (c) The resistor R2 is then replaced with a light dependent resistor... Give reason to your answer..... (i) State whether the bulb will light up during the day.... nyatakan satu kegunaan lain bagi transistor .com F.... ...blogspot...

Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.Diagram 10.do cu-track .XC hange e w F.1 Diagram 10.1 shows Ali standing at the side of a pond. 11 Diagram 11.2 Diagram 10.c .c 15 [20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section.3 F.XC hange e w Vi Vi w . Ali can see the image of the fish w .do cu-track Section C Bahagian C .

Bulb beyond principle focus Mentol Constantan connecting wire i luar titik Wayar penyambung konstantan P fokus Concave eflector Q Bulb at principle focus Mentol di titik Copper connecting wire okus Wayar penyambung kuprum ave reflector Conc Bulb at the pole of the mirror Mentol di kutu Copper connecting wire Wayar penyambung b cermin R kuprum Convex reflector Pemantul cembung Bulb at the pole of the mirror Mentol di kutub Battery Bateri S Constantant Connecting cermin wire Wayar penyambung konstantan tor T Convex reflec Battery Bulb between the two plane mirror Mentol antara dua cermin satah Iron connecting wire Wayar penyambung besi Battery Bateri Plane reflector Pemantul satah Ali 30   A B 40 Water Diagram 11.1 menunjukkan Ali berdiri di tepi kolam.1 (a) (i) What is the meaning of virtual image ? Apakah maksud imej maya ? (ii) Explain how Ali can see the image of the fish and the image of the dragon- [1 mark] [1 markah] . Ali dapat melihat imej ikan dan imej pepatung di dalam air seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh rajah sinar.and the image of the dragon-fly in the water as shown by the ray diagram.1 Rajah 11. Rajah 11.

R.c .33 ] [4 marks] Hitung sudut  dan  .c (c) 16 Table 11 shows the design of five torchlights P.do cu-track . Q.XC hange Vi e w F. S and T. [ Refractive index of water is 1.33 ] [4 markah] State one characteristic of the image of the dragon-fly.XC hange Vi e w w . [1 mark] [1 markah] http://chngtuition. Nyatakan fenomena cahaya yang terlibat dalam setiap kes.blogspot. [ Indeks biasan air ialah 1. w . State the phenomenon of light that is involved in each case.do cu-track . [4 markah] (b) (i) (ii) Calculate the angle  and  . Nyatakan satu ciri bagi imej pepatung.com F. [4 marks] Terangkan bagaimana Ali dapat melihat imej ikan dan imej pepatung.fly.

[10 markah] http://chngtuition.com F. S dan T. Q. Explain the suitability of each characteristics of the torchlight and determine the torchlight which can produce a strong parallel beam of light.blogspot. Give reasons for your choice.Jadual 11 menunjukkan reka bentuk bagi lima lampu suluh P.XC hang e w F. Table 11 Jadual 11 You are asked to investigate the characteristics of the five torchlights shown in Table 11. Beri sebab untuk pilihan anda. Terangkan kesesuaian setiap ciri lampu suluh itu dan tentukan lampu suluh yang boleh menghasilkan satu alur cahaya selari yang terang.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi . R. [10 marks] Anda ditugaskan untuk mengkaji ciri-ciri bagi lima lampu suluh seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 11.

c 20 Section C Bahagian C [20 marks] 4531/2 18 w .do cu-track .XC haj*k ngewVi 17 .5 shows a transistor circuit is used to light up a bulb at night.2.do cu-track [10 e . compare the change in microammeter reading and the change in milliammeter reading. (iii) Using Diagram 10. [5 marks] (c) Diagram 10. Ic in a transistor circuit. [4 marks] (d) Suggest the modifications need to be done to the circuit in Diagram 10. (ii) Using Diagram 10.3. Explain your suggestions base on the following aspects: (i) The electrical components that are needed to replace any components in the circuit (ii) The position of these components in the circuit (iii) The electrical components that is connected to the output transistor marks] F.c w .1.2 and Diagram 10. LDR Diagram 10. (iv) Relate the microammeter reading.do cu-track (a) What is the meaning of transistor circuit? [1 mark] (b) (i) Using Diagram 10.c . compare the microammeter reading and the milliammeter reading. Ib and collector current.c w .5 Explain why the bulb light up at night.XC hange Vie w SULIT w . milliammeter reading and deduce a physics concept for base current . compare the microammeter reading and the milliammeter reading.F.do cu-track .5 so that it can function as automatically fire alarm switch that needs high voltage.

Udara dikeluarkan daripada mangkuk oleh sebuah pam vakum untuk menghasilkan vakum separa di dalam mangkuk itu.1 / Rajah 11.Answer any one question from this section. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini. Rajah 11.1 (a) What is the meaning of pressure? Apakah maksud tekanan? [1 mark / markah] (b) Based on kinetic theory of gases.1 shows the air pressure in the tyre of a car being measured by a pressure gauge.2 shows a sheet of glass being lifted by a vacuum suction cup. Tekanan atmosfera di luar menolak kepingan kaca pada mangkuk itu. Pressure gauge Tolok tekanan Diagram 11. Rajah 11. terangkan mengapa tekanan udara di dalam tayar bertambah (i) when more air is pumped into it apabila lebih banyak udara dipam ke dalamnya (ii) after the car has completed a long journey.c w . [4 marks / markah] (c) Diagram 11.c .2 menunjukkan sekeping kaca diangkat oleh sebuah mangkuk penyedut vakum. Air is removed from the cup by a vacuum pump to produce a partial vacuum inside the cup.XC hange Vie w SULIT Handle Pemegang .do cu-track 4531/2 19 2011 PSPM Suction cup Mangkuk penyedut w . 11 F. selepas kereta menamatkan perjalanan yang jauh.do cu-track e .1 menunjukkan tekanan udara di dalam tayar sebuah kereta diukur oleh sebuah tolok tekanan. j o s h u a t l y. Atmospheric pressure outside pushes the glass onto the cup.c o m / SULITKedah 21 F. explain why the air pressure in the tyre increases Berdasarkan teori kinetik gas.XC haj*k ngewVi Diagram 11. 4531/2 h t t p : / / e d u .

[2 marks / markah] Diagram 11. Apabila tuas berengsel ditolak ke bawah. The pressure inside the cup is reduced to 45000 Pa. Tekanan atmosfera di luar ialah 100 000 Pa. udara dipaksa keluar daripada mangkuk penyedut dan daya angkat dihasilkan. When the hinged levers are pushed down.0025 m . The atmospheric pressure outside is 100 000 Pa.2 / Rajah 11. (i) What is the difference between the atmospheric pressure and the pressure inside the cup? Berapakah perbezaan antara tekanan atmosfera dan tekanan di dalam mangkuk? [1 mark / markah] (ii) Calculate the force exerted on the glass sheet due to the difference of pressure in 11(c)(i). Hitungkan daya yang dikenakan pada kepingan kaca disebabkan oleh beza tekanan di 11(c)(i). Rajah 11. air is forced out of the sucker cup and a lifting force is produced. [2 marks / markah] (iii) (d) Calculate the maximum mass of glass sheet that can be lifted with this cup.3 shows two different glass lifters which are used to lift heavy glass panels. Hitungkan jisim maksimum kepingan kaca yang boleh diangkat oleh mangkuk ini.Glass sheet Kepingan kaca To vacuum pump Ke pam vakum Seal lining Lapik kedap Diagram 11.0025 m . The glass lifters can hold tightly on a glass panel by pressing it onto the glass. 2 Luas kepingan kaca yang diliputi oleh mangkuk penyedut ialah 0.2 2 The area of the glass sheet covered by the suction cup is 0.3 menunjukkan dua jenis pengangkat kaca yang digunakan untuk mengangkat panel kaca yang berat. Tekanan di dalam mangkuk dikurangkan kepada 45 000 Pa. Pengangkat kaca itu boleh melekap dengan kuat pada panel kaca dengan cara .

06 x 10 Pa Z 2.c o m / 4531/2 22 F.XC haj*k ngewVi h t t p : / / e d u .47 x 10 Pa X 6.XC hange Vie w SULIT Type of glass lifter Jenis pengangkat kaca SULITKedah Pressure in cup after hinged lever is pressed down Tekanan dalam mangkuk selepas tuas berengsel ditolak ke bawah 4 W 6.47 x 10 Pa Y 2.06 x 10 Pa 4 4 4 Diameter of cup 4531/2 Seal lining Number of cups Lapik kedap Bilangan mangkuk 120 mm Plastic Plastik Three Tiga 105 mm Rubber Getah Two Dua 120 mm Rubber Getah Three Tiga 105 mm Plastic Plastik Two Dua Diameter mangkuk 2011 PSPM e . j o s h u a t l y.menekannya ke atas kaca itu. F.

do cu-track Sucker cup Mangkuk penyedut Double-sucker cup Mangkuk penyedut ganda dua Seal lining Lapik kedap Triple-sucker cup Mangkuk penyedut ganda tiga Diagram 11.c .3 Table 11 shows the characteristics of four different types of glass lifters.do cu-track F. Anda dikehendaki menentukan pengangkat kaca yang paling sesuai untuk mengangkat kepingan kaca yang besar dan berat dengan selamat. Jadual 11 menunjukkan ciri-ciri empat jenis pengangkat kaca.XC hange Vie w SULIT 23 .c o m / SULITKedah 2011 PSPM F.c w . j o s h u a t l y. Table 11 / Jadual 11 You are required to determine the most suitable glass lifter that can be used for lifting large and heavier pieces of glass safely.XC haj*k ngewVi w .3 / Rajah 11. Study the properties of all the four glass lifters based on the following aspects: Kaji ciri-ciri keempat-empat pengangkat kaca itu berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut: 4531/2 h t t p : / / e d u .20 Hinged lever Tuas berengsel .

Beri sebab untuk pilihan anda. Terangkan kesesuaian setiap ciri dan seterusnya tentukan pengangkat kaca yang paling sesuai.c . Rajah 12.c o m / 2011 PSPM SULITKedah . Lapik kedap. [2 marks / markah] 12 Diagram 12.do cu-track .1 menunjukkan satu sistem pengesan air yang direkabentuk oleh seorang pelajar untuk mengesan aras air di dalam tangki supaya injap keluar boleh dibuka secara automatik apabila aras air menjadi terlalu tinggi. Give the reasons for your choice. j o s h u a t l y. [2 marks / markah] Explain the suitability of each property and then determine the most suitable glass lifter.1 / Rajah 12. w . do cu-track [2 marks / markah] Number of cups. Bilangan mangkuk.c (ii) Tekanan dalam mangkuk selepas tuas berengsel ditolak ke bawah. Radioactive source Sumber radioaktif Detector Pengesan Water Air Outlet valve Injap keluar Outlet valve controller Pengawal injap keluar Diagram 12.1 shows a water detection system designed by a student to detect the level of water in a storage tank so that an outlet valve can be opened automatically when the water level is too high.1 4531/2 h t t p : / / e d u . (iv) w . [2 marks / markah] Diameter of cup Diameter mangkuk.(i) 21 Pressure in cu p after hinged lever i 4531/2 e s pressed down. (iii) [2 marks / markah] Seal lining.

4 Rajah 9.4 shows a canoe w .4 menunjukkan sebuah kayak Peddle Pendayung Canoe Kayak Diagram 9.c .XC hange e w Vi Vi w . daya dan sifat-sifat bahan.4 You are required to give some suggestions to design a canoe which can travel faster and safer Using the knowledge on motion.do cu-track . explain the suggestions based on the following aspects: Anda dikehendaki memberikan beberapa cadangan untuk merekabentuk sebuah kayak yang boleh bergerak lebih laju dan selamat Menggunakan pengetahuan tentang gerakan.F. terangkan cadangan itu yang merangkumi aspek-aspek berikut: (i) the surface of the canoe permukaan kayak (ii) the shape of the canoe bentuk kayak (iii) the material of the canoe bahan yang digunakan untuk kayak (iv) the size of a peddle Saiz pendayung (v) material used for peddle Bahan yang digunakan untuk pendayung [10 marks] [10 markah] .do cu-track Rajah 9. forces and the properties of materials.c (c) 22 Diagram 9.XC hange e w F.

com F. compare.2 What is meant by electromagnetic induction? [1 mark] Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan aruhan elektromagnet? [1 markah] Using Diagram 10. 2 menunjukkan tiga konduktor bertebat digerakkan ke bawah dalam medan magnet.c 24 CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 w .2.1(a) Diagram 10.1 shows one insulated conductor which is moved downwards in a magnetic field.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi w . Rajah 10.2 shows three insulated conductors which are moved downwards in the magnetic field. Rajah 10.XC hang e w F.1 and Diagram 10.do cu-track .c am 10. Direction of motion of insulated conductor Arah gerakan konduktor bertebat N S Centre-zero galvanometer Galvanometer pusat sifar N Centre-zero galvanometer Galvanometer pusat sifar Diagram 10. Menggunakan Rajah 10.1 (a) (b) S Diagram 10.blogspot.do cu-track . Diagram 10. (i) (ii) The number of conductor wires [1 mark] Bilangan wayar konduktor [1 markah] The deflection of the galvanometer pointer [1 mark] Pesongan penunjuk galvanometer [1 markah] .2 Rajah 10.1 menunjukkan satu konduktor bertebat digerakkan ke bawah dalam medan magnet.http://chngtuition.1 dan Rajah 10.1 Rajah 10.2. bandingkan.

(c) Diagram 10.com/ http://www. [1 mark] Hubungkaitkan bilangan konduktor dan kadar pemotongan fluks medan magnet. Coil Gegelung Commutator S N Komutator Resistor Galvanometer Perintang Carbon Brush Berus karbon . [1 markah] (iv) Relate the rate of cutting of magnetic flux and the induced current. [1 markah] Namakan hukum fizik yang terlibat.15 4531/2 CONFIDENTIAL http://edu.com/ F. Explain how the generator can be used to produce electricity. Terangkan bagaimana penjana itu digunakan untuk menghasilkan arus elektrik.joshuatly.XC hang e w F.c Relate the number of conductor and the rate of cutting of magnetic flux.c CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 (iii) 25 w .do cu-track .3 menunjukkan struktur sebuah penjana.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi w .3 shows the structure of a generator.do cu-track . [1 markah] (v) [1 mark] Name the physics law involved. Rajah 10. [1 mark] Hubungkaitkan kadar pemotongan fluks medan magnet dengan arus aruhan.joshuatly.

com/ F. cadang dan terangkan pengubahsuaian atau cara yang boleh dilakukan untuk membolehkan mikrofon mengesan gelombang bunyi secara berkesan dan menghasilkan arus yang lebih besar berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut : (i) The thickness of the diaphragm Ketebalan diafragma .4 Rajah 10.c Diagram 10. the attached voice coil moves in and out the magnetic field and generates a small electric current in the coil.com/ http://www.joshuatly. gegelung suara yang bersentuhan dengannya bergerak ke dalam dan ke luar medan magnet dan menghasilkan arus elektrik yang kecil di dalam gegelung.4 menunjukkan keratan rentas sebuah mikrofon gegelung bergerak menukarkan satu bentuk tenaga ke bentuk yang lain.3 Rajah 10. yang Magnet Voice coil gegelung suara Output Keluaran Diaphragm Diafragma Diagram 10. suggest and explain suitable modifications or ways to enable the microphone to detect sound effectively and generate bigger current based on the following aspects : Apabila bunyi menggetarkan diafragma.joshuatly.3 [4 marks] [4 markah] [Turn page over CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 16 http://edu.c 26 CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 (d) w .XC hang e w F.do cu-track .4 When sound vibrates the diaphragm.4 shows the cross section of a moving coil microphone which converts one form of energy into another. Rajah 10. Menggunakan konsep fizik yang sesuai . Using the appropriate concepts in physics.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi w .do cu-track .Diagram 10.

2.joshuatly.c 4531/2 26 w .2 How does constructive interference occur? Bagaimana interferens membina terjadi? (b) Coherent sources [1 mark] / [1 markah] Using Diagram 10. bandingkan (i) distance between the two coherent sources.2.joshuatly. Coherent sources Punca koheren P (a) Punca koheren P Diagram 10.1 dan Rajah 10.com/ F.c .2 menunjukkan corak interferens bagi gelombang air. jarak di antara dua sumber koheren.1 Diagram 10.2 Rajah 10. compare the Menggunakan Rajah 10.1 Rajah 10. Rajah 10.do cu-track 10 Diagram 10.1 dan Rajah 10. .com/ http://www.do cu-track CONFIDENTIAL .(ii) The strength of the material for the diaphragm Kekuatan bahan untuk diafragma (iii) The number of turns of the coil Bilangan lilitan gegelung (iv) The diameter of the coil wire Diameter dawai gegelung (v) The strength of the magnet Kekuatan magnet [10 marks] [10 markah] 4531/2 CONFIDENTIAL 17 http://edu. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) vertical distance between point P and the respective coherent sources.1 and Diagram 10.2 show the pattern of interference of water waves.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi w .1 and Diagram 10.XC hang e w F.

[1 mark] / [1 markah] 18 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL F.1 Ray box Incidence ray Protractor iM Glass block r Refracted ray N FIGURE 1.do cu-track . r of a glass block. jarak di antara dua garis antinod yang berturutan.1 A ray of light is directed along the angle of incidence.do cu-track F. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (c) Relate the distance between the two coherent sources with the distance between two consecutive antinodes. i and the sine of the angle of refraction.XC hang e w w .c Section A Bahagian A [28 marks /28 markah] Answer all questions Jawab semua soalan 1 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the sine of the angle of incidence.1 /RAJAH 1. The arrangement of the apparatus for the experiment is shown in Figure 1. Hubungkaitkan jarak di antara dua sumber koheren dengan jarak di antara dua garis antinod berturutan.c . i = 20o and forms the angle e Vi w .XC hang e w CONFIDENTIAL e Vi 4531/3 . [1 mark] / [1 markah] (iii) wavelength of the propagating water wave. panjang gelombang bagi gelombang air yang merambat.jarak menegak di antara titik P dan sumber koheren berkaitan. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (iv) distance between two consecutive antinodes.

i.XC hang e w CONFIDENTIAL e Vi w . The corresponding reading of r1 .XC hang e w 4531/3 .4.5 and 1. 1.do cu-track i = 200 FIGURE 1.2 The reading of the angle of refraction.2 on page 5. 40o. to 30o. is shown in Figure 1.3.6 on pages 6 and 7 respectively. F. The experiment is repeated by varying the angle of incidence. The angle of refraction is measured by using a protractor. 1.c e Vi w .c . 50o and 60o. r when i = 200 .of refraction.do cu-track F. The corresponding angles of refraction. r. r are shown in Figures 1.

c w .4 RAJAH 1.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi CONFIDENTIAL w . r when i = 300 i = 400 FIGURE 1. r when i = 400 .do cu-track 4531/3 .XC hang e w F.4 The reading of the angle of refraction.c .do cu-track i = 300 FIGURE 1.3 The reading of the angle of refraction.4531/3 CONFIDENTIAL F.

c e Vi w .do cu-track F. r when i = 500 i = 600 FIGURE 1.6 The reading of the angle of refraction.XC hang e w CONFIDENTIAL e Vi w . r when i = 600 .XC hang e w 4531/3 .5 The reading of the angle of refraction.do cu-track i = 500 FIGURE 1.c .Turn over 4531/3 CONFIDENTIAL F.

1(b) [ 6 marks ] 4531/3 Turn over CONFIDENTIAL .5 and 1. identify (i) the manipulated variable pembolehubah dimanipulasikan ………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark ] (ii) 1(a)(i) the responding variable pembolehubah bergerak balas ………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark ] 1(a)(ii) (iii) the fixed variable pembolehubah dimalarkan ………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark ] 1(a)(iii) (b) Determine the angle of incidence..c w . sin i dan sin r pada ruang di bawah.4531/3 CONFIDENTIAL F. r.XC hang e w 4531/3 e Vi .2. i and the corresponding angle of refraction. for Figures 1. 1.6. Tabulate your results for i.5 dan 1. sin i and sin r in the space below. 1.i dan nilai sudut biasan.3.do cu-track F. 1.2. 1.XC hang e w CONFIDENTIAL e Vi w . 1. Tentukan nilai sudut tuju.3.4. r yang sepadan pada Rajah 1. r. 1. Jadualkan keputusan anda bagi i. r.4.do cu-track (a) For the experiment described on page 4 .6.c .

c . ………………………………………………………………………………… 1(e) ………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark ] Total .F. Berdasarkan graf anda.c w . lukiskan graf sin r melawan sin i. nyatakan hubungan di antara sin r and sin i.do cu-track 4531/3 .XC hang e w F. Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga yang perlu diambil untuk mendapatkan bacaan i yang jitu. 1(d) ………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark ] (e) State one precaution that should be taken to obtain the accurate readings of i. state the relationship between sin r and sin i. 1(c) [ 5 marks ] (d) Based on your graph.XC hang e w e Vi e Vi CONFIDENTIAL w . Pada kertas graf di halaman 8. plot a graph of sin r against sin i.do cu-track For Examiner’s Use (c) On the graph paper on page 10.

(b) [3 marks / markah] 1 is given by the formula The relationship between u and M u f    f .c w .. 1 dalam Rajah 2 Keputusan eksperimen ini ditunjukkan dalam suatu graf u melawan M pada halaman 9.4531/3 CONFIDENTIAL F.5. M. The results are used to determine the focal length of the convex lens. ……………………………………………………………………………….do cu-track 7 21 j*kw 4531/3 e A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the object distance. .do cu-track Seorang pelajar menjalankan suatu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hubungan antara jarak objek. dan pembesaran linear.  1   M  where f is the focal length of the lens. 1 in Diagram 2 on The results of this experiment are shown in a graph of u against M page 9. of the image formed by a convex lens. bagi imej yang dibentuk oleh sebuah kanta cembung. 1 diberikan oleh formula Hubungan antara u dan M u f    f . Tunjukkan pada graf.c . how you determine the value of u. u. Keputusan eksperimen ini digunakan untuk menentukan panjang fokus kanta cembung itu. Nyatakan hubungan antara u dan M.5.  1   M  di mana f ialah panjang fokus kanta itu..XC hangeVi SULIT 2 w . u. M. Tentukan nilai u apabila M = 2. j o s h u a t l y. bagaimana anda menentukan nilai u. 2011 PSPM 4431/3 F.XC hangeVie wF.XC hange Vie w h t t p : / / e d u .c o m / SULIT SULITKedah .. (a) Based on the graph in Diagram 2: Berdasarkan graf di Rajah 2: (i) State the relationship between u and M. u = ……………. and linear magnification. [1 mark / markah] (ii) Determine the value of u when M = 2.XC hangeVi F. Show on the graph.

c w .8 e 4531/3 . 22 w . Show on the graph how you determine the value of f.c .do cu-track (i) Determine the value of f from the u-intercept.do cu-track .

f. of the lens. [3 marks / markah] (iii) From your answers in 2(b)(i) and 2(b)(ii). j o s h u a t l y..c o m / SULITKedah ew twa ew t wa ocrustoatwa ce d 2011 PSPM (a) make one suitable inference . Daripada jawapan anda kepada 2(b)(i) dan 2(b)(ii). [1 mark / markah] 4431/3 h t t p : / / e d u . Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan nilai f. [2 marks / markah] (c) State one precaution that should be taken to improve the accuracy of the readings in this experiment. bagi kanta itu. Hitungkan kecerunan graf itu.. calculate the average value of the focal length. ……………………………………………………………………………………. f..Tentukan nilai f daripada pintasan-u.. Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga yang perlu diambil untuk memperbaik ketepatan bacaan dalam eksperimen ini. ww f = ……………… (ii) [2 marks / markah] ww Calculate the gradient of the graph. d ocrustoatwa ce . ……………………………………………………………………………………. hitungkan nilai purata bagi panjang fokus.

The ___________________ is depend on the ____________________________ (b) ww state one appropriate hypothesis ww The higher the _______________________. method of controlling the manipulated variable (initial data) __________________________________________________ 2. symbol and unit ew twa ew t wa ocrustoatwa ce d ocrustoatwa ce d Kedah 1. repeat with 4 difference value ______________________________________________________ the way of tabulate data MV. the _________ the ____________________ (i) aim of the experiment to determine the relationship between _______________ and _______________ (ii) variables in the experiment MV _________________________ (iii) RV __________________________ CV ___________________________ list of apparatus and materials (From list given and use to measure RV and MV with controlling the motion) _____________________________________________________ (iv) arrangement of the apparatus (diagram with label) (v) the procedures of the experiment 1. . symbol and unit RV. Diagram 3.1 shows an empty plastic bottle being left on the seat of a car on a hot afternoon. method of measuring the responding variable (use what and how to measure ) ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ (vi) 3.

plasticine and other apparatus. ww With the use of apparatus such as a glass tube as shown in Diagram 3.2 shows the same plastic bottle the following morning when the weather was ww very cold. water bath. With the use of apparatus such as an ammeter. constantan wire and other apparatus. . ew twa ew t wa ocrustoatwa ce d ocrustoatwa ce d With the use of apparatus such as slotted mass. describe on e experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4 (b).3.Diagram 3. describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3 (b) 2. and other apparatus. 5. describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3 (b).

desc ribe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4 (b). resistor wire and other apparatus. ammeter. .With the use of apparatus such as thermometer.

Diagram 3 shows a dented ping pong ball then put in a basin that consist cold water (Diagram 3 (a)). describe an experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3 (b). and hot water (Diagram 3 (c)). With use of apparatus such as a metal block/ iron rod. Observe . beaker and other apparatus. spring balance.6. 7. warm water (Diagram 3 (b)).