Pangasinan State University

Lingayen, Pangasinan

Asian Studies
June 23, 2013
Analyze the following statements and encircle the letter of the best answer.
1. Which of the following statements about the spiritual beliefs and practices of preIslamic Arabs is not true?
A. There was a central shrine, the Ka'aba, in Mecca.
B. Spirits were believed to inhabit objects of the natural world.
C. Most people were polytheistic.
D. A strong priestly class controlled access to the patron gods.
E. Faith was communal and involved all members of a tribe.
2. Mao's Great Leap Forward:
A. collectivized farmland into large communes.
B. created village size collectives.
C. proved to be wonderful success.
D. copied the New Economic Policy of Lenin.
E. attempted to redistribute farmland.
3. Sikhism was an attempt to:
A. accommodate Buddhism and Islam.
B. drive Muslims out of northern India.
C. integrate the best of Islam and Hinduism.
D. purge Hinduism of any vestiges of Islam.
E. revitalize the declining Buddhist movement.
4. The Old Babylonian law code was based on an "eye for an eye" justice. This
severity was necessary in part due to:
A. society stratification.
B. the absence of ethical/moral code in religious doctrine.
C. numerous medical malpractice cases.
D. foreign culture infiltration.
5. Why did the ideas in the Upanishads influence only a small number of people?
A. there were too many other influential breakaway religions
B. the ideas were centered on unimportant deities
C. ideas were too complex for the masses to understand
D. the masses were satisfied with the traditional ways
6. During the Ming dynasty, how did one become a member of the bureaucracy?
A. emperor appointment
B. examinations
C. by purchasing office
D. hereditary
7. What have Hindus learned from the philosophical poem, Bhagavad-Gita?
A. theory and practice of government in Mauryan Empire
B. will of gods
C. hardships of a hero
D. morality
8. After the twelfth century, what caused Buddhism to completely vanish from the
land of its birth?
A. absorption into Hinduism
B. Christian proselytizing by the Apostle Thomas
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power resided with the emperor B. Qing administration's decision to take power from provincial governments B. initiated the revolt in 1911 by leading a military insurgency B. rate of urbanization increased Page | 2 . encouraged implementation of Western reform ideals D. refused to employ military strategies to gain power E. nephew's concubine who ruled in his place C. increasing influence of foreigners C. succeeded without assistance from the Soviets E. embarassing defeat in Sino-Japanese War 10. diffusion of Western reform ideas by educated Chinese E. was run by the Communist Party . The Chinese Revolution of 1911 was followed by: A. frustration of rural peasants D. eventually arrested Emperor after considering Hundred Days Reform E. died before seeing the revolution succeed 13. Japan involved itself with world trade 15. abolished payments to samurai E. destruction of Buddhist establishments by Muslim invaders 9. created formal law code and elected parliament known as the Diet 16. the samurai fought with the haiyatsu for dominance C. Dowager Empress Cixi: A.Kuomintang B. came without Western encouragement D. building of roads and canals D. During the Tokugawa Shogunate: A. democracy and the People's Livelihood D. Which of the following was not a characteristic of British rule of India? A. implemented the American Constitution for 87 years 14. was frustrated that he had not achieved the title of father of Modern China C. social mobility became increasingly possible E. years of chaos and the gradual secession of provinces B. was successful due to the dominance of the merchant class C. massacre by Mahmud the "Image Breaker" D. Sun Yat-sen: A. decades of stability enforced by a democratic regime C. the decreasing power of warlords in outlying provinces 12. has a name I can readily pronounce B. The Chinese Republic of 1912: A. advocated the principles of nationalis. ended in a Civil War as Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong united to assume power D. raw materials flowed out of India and manufactured goods flowed back in E. was implemented from above by the government B. The Meiji Restoration A. Which of the following was not a cause of the Chinese Revolution? A. spread of Christianity C. increased territorial holdings of China 11. represented the first time in China a politician had come to power by the will of the people C.C. the Tokugawa clan centralized government D. the establishment in 1927 of a Republican parliament D. the return of power to the Qing emperor in 1912 E. all castes exposed to British education B.

Page | 3 . Which of the following was not a reflection of Japan's rapid industrialization? A. Industrialization allowed Japan to expend resources on military and colonial expansion. size of corporation B. Which best explains the British East India Company's ability to govern India: A. Europe hadn't traded with China for over three hundred years E. its military devestated surrounding regions C. rapid spread of malaria made region inhospitable 19. population growth was not being matched by food harvests C. calling it an awake dragon would sound kind of awkward E. ability to beat China in Sino-Japanese War D.17. Which of the following is not a reason the Manchu Emperor of China outlawed the Opium Trade in 1839? A. ability to beat Vietnam in Indochina-Japanese War E. the nation had an unfair trade balance with Europe because no European nation wanted Chinese goods 21. string of incompetent leaders 22. Economically. C. Napoleon referred to China as a "sleeping dragon" because: A. Thailand was one of the few Asian regions to remain free of colonial rule because: A. Japan becomes first non-Western nation in centuries to create new empire 24. the King of Siam had an affair with a beautiful teacher from England B. he was defeated by Chinese soldiers in Egypt in 1797 D. what enabled Japan to become a colonial power after 1894? A. workers too effective because opium heightens the senses and makes a human able to work for 27 hours straight without a break 23. Cambodia and Laos B. Bristish influenced Malaya and the island Singapore D. ability to beat Russia in Russo-Japanese War B. British hesitancy to put down insurrections that might harm regional power 20. unfair trade balance C. ability to work with local rulers and manipulate regional divisions C. France created the colonies of Vietnam. Agricultural advances increased the population and forced Japan to look for new land. Indonesia was controlled by the Dutch East India Company C. fear of ever increasing influence of the West E. Which of the following was not a reason China was unable to push back European influence? A. expensive cost of securing borders drained treasury B. it would be a formidable foe once its resources and population were utilized efficiently B. ability to fend off economic threat of Europe C. decrease in productivity resulting from addiction B. natural resources of region not desired by Europe E. the Philippines was ruled for most of the 19th century by Spain E. Thailand industrialized making it a formidable military foe D. Japanese trade wars against the United States removed regional competition for colonies. decline in Chinese values D. centralized authority ruled from London E. both England and France essentially agreed to keep the region as a buffer zone between their empires C. corrupt government officials D. Which of the following does not accurately reflect European influence in Southeast Asia? A. part of Indonesia was controlled by Portugal 18. B. Indian desire to be ruled by outsiders D.

The Japanese were forced to acquire colonies in Asia when European trade was banned. B.S. 29. C. Christians and Muslims. achieve India’s independence from Great Britain. C. Egyptian and Greek D. 25. Greece in its conflict with Turkey. identify the two cultures that most influenced the development of early Christianity. Technological innovations Production of nuclear power Religious and ethnic conflict Existence of vast oil reserves During the twentieth century. feelings of nationalism are intertwined with religious conflict between: A. Sumerian and Roman 31. persuade Pakistanis to separate from India. Iraq in its conflict with Iran. convince his fellow Indians to support the Allies in World War II. 1 and 2 B. 1 and 3 D. Mohandas Gandhi used his philosophy of nonviolent noncooperation in an effort to: A. What statement accurately compares the government of the Han dynasty with that of the Roman Republic? A. A. Muslims and Hindus. In addition to Judaism. The Arab oil embargo against the United States in 1973 was initiated because of U. A. In India and Pakistan. D. Page | 4 . form a Marxist government in India. D. Phonetic alphabet D. What civilization was initially responsible for the unification of the Middle East. Power in the Han dynasty rested solely with the emperor while in Rome all citizens were able to express their opinions and influence government. Israel in the Yom Kippur War. Egypt in the Suez Crisis. Ottoman D. B. Identify the important original contribution of the Hebrew culture to the civilizations in the Middle East and Mediterranean during the Classical Period. 2 and 4 28. B. support for: A. Persian 32. Greek and Roman C. Buddhists and Hindus. 27. D. 26. Written legal code C.D. Monotheism B. Power in the Han dynasty was concentrated in a centralized bureaucracy dominated by Confucian scholars while power in the Roman Republic was shared among the major landowning families of Rome. Taoists and Buddhists. and the Iranian plateau? A. Priest caste 30. B. which factors from this list have made the Middle East significant to the rest of the world? A. C. Rome B. Egypt C. Sumerian and Egyptian B. 3 and 4 C. Asia Minor (modern Turkey).

And when all is prepared duly. A. five groats. ‘Let my people go. as a dynasty came to depend more on Confucian scholars than generals. Mediterranean sea. and this they make into something resembling sheets of paper. while power in the Roman Republic rested in the hands of legion commanders and provincial governors. The use of tax money for flood control 37. Zoroastrianism 36. D. The Mongols looted caravans to the point that the Silk Road no longer facilitated trade across Asia. Indian Ocean sea. Which of the following is a correct analysis of the impact of the early Mongol Empire on trade? A. The Silk Road C. a little larger. it became weaker militarily and would eventually fall to foreign invasion. and to put their seals. The smallest of these sizes is worth a half tornesel. A. what example below indicates the involvement of the Chinese government in internal trade? A. Islam C. “Thus says the Lord. C. Roman Catholicism B. based on cycles.lanes 35. While at first militarily powerful. C. whose duty it is. What they take is a certain fine white skin which lies between the wood of the tree and the thick outer bark. the chief officer deputed by the Khan Page | 5 .C.’” — Moses’s words to Pharaoh as recounted in the Bible. B. who had helped defeat the previous Qin dynasty. a little larger still. internal disasters. 33. one. Power in the Han dynasty rested in the hands of the military generals and their successors. Chinese government depended upon economic growth to sustain power. but black. and as the economy declined. is worth half a silver groat of Venice. the next. one tornesel. Merchants sought other routes. Identify the major trade network between Asia and Europe. D. What statement defines the dynastic cycle? A. Merchants were forced to turn to other professions as the Mongols refused to allow other peoples to move through their empire. When these sheets have been prepared they are cut up into pieces of different sizes. Power in the Han dynasty was concentrated in a centralized bureaucracy dominated by Confucian scholars while in the Roman Republic all citizens shared power in governmental decisions. Exodus 5:1 Identify which of the following religions that would NOT accept the statement above as part of their religious heritage. Eastern Orthodox D. the God of Israel. Initially a Chinese government enjoyed prosperity and economic growth. The opening of the civil service exam to all backgrounds C. The construction of the Grand Canal D. and external invasions all eroded a dynasty’s power. The Great Wall of China B. leading to a boom in trade along the Silk Road. 38. Trans. especially through Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean. Chinese governments ruled based on the power of a single family.Saharan caravans B.lanes D. and ten groats…and on every piece a variety of officials. The Mongols patrolled trade routes and protected caravans in their empire. another a whole groat. to avoid the Mongol tribesmen. others yet two groats. have to write their names. that they may hold a feast to me in the wilderness. B. so too did the dynasties. 34. D. Though often not officially interested in foreign trade. but over time corruption. He [Kublai Khan] makes them take of the bark of a certain tree.

The daughter of the dictatorial president of South Korea who was elected in December 2012 as country’s first woman president. that it must equal in amount all the treasure in the world. Park Geun Hye D. Iran B. C. B. Indira 42.D. Benazir Bhutto C. the Boxers’ goal was the expulsion of foreigners and their influence from China. Oman D. 40. American. the government can print currency without fear of inflation. And the Khan causes every year to be made such a vast quantity of this money. Khaleda Zia Gandhi D. The spread of Islam into India and Southeast Asia was facilitated by: A. Ph. The Arab Spring ousted which president of a country in Arabian Peninsula. Yemen B. D. of treaty obligations the Western governments and Japan had negotiated with the weak Qing dynasty. Roh Moo Hyun 43. they did not want it replaced by a stronger Chinese government. A. Saudi Arabia 44. Chang Sang B. D. Marco Polo failed to understand how the khan collects wealth in order to print the currency without rampant inflation. Thailand C. The world’s only theocratic state which is found in Asia. Malaysia 45. so that the form of the seal remains printed upon it in red. Reviewer Page | 6 . Anyone forging it would be punished with death. the lack of native belief systems. In 1900. European. 39. B. Myanmar B. B. C. — From The Travels of Marco Polo What statement best evaluates Marco Polo’s discussion of paper money from the perspective of a modern economist? A. A. A. D. the money is then authentic. Vietnam Prepared by: RENATO ESPINOZA SALCEDO. Yingluck Shinawatra is currently the only woman head of government in Southeast Asia. 41. the printing of currency by the khan does not increase inflation because no foreign wealth enters the Chinese economy. even though the Westerners did not favor the Qing dynasty. Syria C. She is the prime minister of what country? A. The first woman prime minister of a Muslim country. the military conquest of the caliphate. Ban Ki-moon C. the Mongol conquest. because: A. called Boxers by Westerners. Cambodia D. C. which costs him nothing. A. Due to lack of foreign trade. the rebellion provided an excuse to permanently station Western troops in China based on a series of previous treaty agreements. North Korea D.smears the seal entrusted to him with vermilion. Hasina Wajed B. As long as a national government— the khan in this case— is trusted by its people. Absolute authority allowed for the printing of unlimited amounts of currency without inflation. and Japanese troops landed in China to put down a rebellion initiated by the Society of the Righteous Harmonious Fist. and impresses it on the paper. Iraq C. the introduction of Sufi mysticism.

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